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Edexcel PHYSICS IGCSE EQUATIONS Section 5: Solids, liquids and gases

Section 1: Forces and motion Equations to Learn

Equations to Learn Section 2: Electricity mass


density =
volume
distance moved Equations to Learn
average speed = m
time taken ρ=
V
power = current × voltage
change in velocity
acceleration = force
time taken P =I×V Section 4: Energy Resources & Energy Transfer pressure =
area
(v − u)
a= voltage = current × resistance Equations to Learn F
t p=
A
V= I×R useful energy output
force = mass × acceleration efficiency =
total energy input pressure difference = height × density × g
charge = current × time
F=m × a
work done = force × distance moved p =h×ρ×g
Q=I×t
weight = mass × gravitational field strength
W=F×d Equations given in the exam
Equations given in the exam
W=m×g
gravitational potential energy pressure × volume = constant
energy transferred = current × voltage × time = mass × g × height
𝐦𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐮𝐦 = 𝐦𝐚𝐬𝐬 × 𝐯𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐜𝐢𝐭𝐲
p1 × V1 = p2 × V2
E =I×V×t GPE = m × g × h
𝐩=𝐦×𝐯 𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐞
= 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐭
1 𝐭𝐞𝐦𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐮𝐫𝐞
moment = force × perpendicular distance kinetic energy = × mass × speed2
from the pivot 2
𝐩𝟏 𝐩𝟐
Section 3: Waves =
1 𝐓𝟏 𝐓𝟐
Equations given in the exam KE = × m × v 2
Equations to Learn 2
2 × π × orbital radius energy transferred = work done
orbital speed = wave speed = frequency × wavelength
time period Section 6: Magnetism & Electromagnetism

2×π×r v=f×λ
v= Equations to Learn
T Equations given in the exam
sin i
refractive index, n= 𝐢𝐧𝐩𝐮𝐭 (𝐩𝐫𝐢𝐦𝐚𝐫𝐲)𝐯𝐨𝐥𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐩𝐫𝐢𝐦𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝐭𝐮𝐫𝐧𝐬
𝐜𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐠𝐞 𝐢𝐧 𝐦𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐮𝐦 sin r =
𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐜𝐞 = Work done Energy Transferred 𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐩𝐮𝐭 (𝐬𝐞𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐝𝐚𝐫𝐲)𝐯𝐨𝐥𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐬𝐞𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐝𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝐭𝐮𝐫𝐧𝐬
𝐭𝐢𝐦𝐞 𝐭𝐚𝐤𝐞𝐧 1
Power = =
sin C = time taken time taken
n 𝐕𝐏 𝐍𝐏
=
W 𝐕𝐒 𝐍𝐒
Equations given in the exam P=
t
𝐢𝐧𝐩𝐮𝐭 𝐩𝐨𝐰𝐞𝐫 = 𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐩𝐮𝐭 𝐩𝐨𝐰𝐞𝐫
1
frequency =
time period 𝐕𝐏 × 𝐈𝐏 = 𝐕𝐒 × 𝐈𝐒

1 for 100% efficiency


f=
T
Section 7: Radioactivity and particles
Equations in bold are triple award only
No equations in this section