Você está na página 1de 3

PAST SIMPLE TENSE - PROSTO PROŠLO VREME

… je vreme koje se odnosi naradnje koje su završene


 građa nepravilnih glagola
I sang a song yesterday. sing - song - sung
Did I sing a song yesterday?
I didn’t sing a song yesterday.
 građa pravilnih glagola
I played a song yesterday. play - played
Did I play a song yesterday?
I didn’t play a song yesterday.
… priloške odredbe: two day ago, yesterday, last year, three hours ago,…

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE - PROSTO SADAŠNJE PROŠLO VREME


… označava radnju koja je počela u prošlosti i još uvek traje - priloške odredbe since i for
 I have lived in Novi Sad for 30 years.
 I have lived in NoviSad since 1982.
… koristi se da iskaže iskustvo uz predloge ever i never
 Have you ever been in England?
I have never been in England.
… za radnju koja se desila nebitno kada u prošlosti ali se ovog momenta naglašava posledica, rezultat ili
količina
 She has broken her arm.
 I have recived an aword.
… za radnju koja je počela danas i još uvek traje - priloška odredba today
… uz predloge alredy (već) i yet (još)
 Have you done your homework yet?
… uz predlog just (upravo, baš)
 I have just done my homework.
Građa:
IMENICA (ZAMENICA) + POMOĆNI GLAGOL HAVE/HAS + GLAVNI GLAGOL (treća kolona)
I HAVE
YOU HAVE
SHE,HE, IT + HAS + DONE
WE HAVE
YOU HAVE
THEY HAVE
 I have done my homework
Have I done my homework?
I haven’t done my homework.
 I have just received an aword.
Have I just recived an aword?
I haven’t just recived an aword.

VEŽBE:
Sledeće rečenice stavite u Past Simple ili Present Perfect Simple
1. I (not work) haven’t worked today.
2. We (buy) bought a new lamp yesterday.
3. We (not plan) haven’t planned our holiday jet.
4. She (not see) hasn’t seen him for long time.
5. He (write) has written 5 letters.
6. School (not start) hasn’t started yet.
7. (Speak/he) Has he spoken to his boss?
8. No, he (have not) hasn’t had the time yet.
FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE - JEDNOSTAVNO BUDUĆE VREME
SHELL / WILL
… Shell se koristi samo u upitnom obliku jednine i množine
 Shell I…?
Shell we…?
… Will se koristi da iskaže buduće namere donešene u trenutku govora
 Ponestalo nam je šećera, O, idem ja u prodavnicu da donesem.
We're out of sugar. Oh, I will go to the store to get.
… koristi se da naglasi buduća predskazanja koja su zasnovana na osnovu ličnog mišljenja, inicijative
 I’m sure you will have a lovely time in Italy.
… koristi se da iskaže neku ponudu
 I will carry you suitcase.
GOING TO
… se koristi da iskaže buduće namere koje se donose pre momenta govora
 I can’t make it on Saturday. I’m going to help my parents around the house.
… se koristi da iskaže buduća predskazanja naosnovu ličnog uvida (vidljivog dokaza)
 Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.
 My sister is going to have a baby. (vidite da ima stomak)
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
… za budućnost se koristi za planove, putovanja, koja su ranijeosmišljeni ali se tačno zna kada će se ostvariti
 I’m traveling to Spain tomorrow.
 We’re leaving Serbia for 2 hours.

VEŽBE:
1. Tony is meeting a friend tomorrow. (meet)
2. I think it will snow soon. (snow)
3. Perheps I will visit New York one day. (visit)
4. What time are you leaving tomorrow? (leave/you)
5. Who will win the next World Cup? (win)
6. I’m sure you won’t fall the exam next week. (not fall)
7. I am visiting my parents at the weekend. (visit)
8. Don’t touch that dog. It is going to bite you. (bite)
9. They are coming for a meal tonight. (come)
10. Look at those clouds, it is going to rain. (rain)

IF REČENICE se sastoje od dve proste rečenice koje povezuje veznik if

0 tip: IF+PRESENT SIMPLE+PRESENT SIMPLE


...za činjenice koje su uvek tačne i uvek se ostvaruju (opšte istine)
 If you heat the ices, it melts.
 If you press that button the dors open
I tip: IF+PRESENT SIMPLE+SHELL/WILL+INFINITIVE
...za situacije koje će se najverovatnije ostvariti u budućnosti
 If the weather nice tomorrow we will go to the beach.
II tip: IF+PAST SIMPLE+SHOULLD/WOULD+INFINITIVE
...za hipotetič.situacije koje se najverovatnije neće ostvariti ali još uvek postoji mala verovatnoća da hoće
 If I won the lottery, I would buy a jot.
 If I new his number, I would phone him.
III tip: IF+PAST PERFECT (HAD+PAST PARTICIPLE)+WOULD+HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE
...za situacije koje se sigurno neće ostvariti i pisac uglavnom iskazuje žaljenje i ne postoji ni jedna mogućnost
za ostvarenje
 If I had seen him yesterday, I would have sed hello.
 If I had stadied harder, you would have past the exam.
VEŽBE:
1. If you found a wallet, what would you do with it? (find)
2. I must hurry. My friend will be annoyed if I am not on time. (be)
3. I didn’t realize that. Gary was in hospital. If I had known he was in hospital, I would have gone to visit him.
4. If the phone rings can you answer it? (ring)
5. I can’t decide what to do. What would you do if you were in my position? (be)
6. What shall we do tomorrow? Well, if it is a nice day, we can go the beach. (be)
7. If you had enough money to go anywhere in the world, where would you go? (have)
8. I am glad we had a map. I am sure we would have got lost if we hadn’t had one. (not have)