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Helping Make

Products Better™

Amines for Water Treatment


Safety and Handling
This bulletin is offered as a guide to the handling and storage of BASF Amines. The
information contained herein is the best available to BASF Corporation and is suppled as a
service to our customers. BASF CORPORATION CANNOT AND DOES NOT ASSUME ANY
WARRANTY OBLIGATIONS FOR THE ACCURACY OF INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN.
THE CUSTOMER IS ENCOURAGED TO USE THIS AND ALL OTHER PUBLICLY AVAILABLE
INFORMATION DEALING WITH THESE PARTICULAR PRODUCTS

For Material Safety data sheets go to:


www.worldaccount.basf.com

For more details on products go to:


basf.com/products
Contents

page
Physical Properties
3-Methoxypropylamine 1
Cyclohexylamine 1
Diethylethanolamine 2
Morpholine 2
Flash Point Dissolution Chart 3

Health and Physical Hazards


3-Methoxypropylamine 4
Cyclohexylamine 5
Diethylethanolamine 6
Morpholine 7

Ecotoxicity and Biodegradation


Measures of Aquatic Toxicity 8
Environmental Fate 8

Transportation-Storage-Handling
General 9
Shipping 9
Bulk Storage Tanks 10
Cleaning Storage Tanks 10
Ground Requirements 10
Storage Temperatures 11
Inert Gas Blanketing 11
General Tank Operating Recommendations 11
Spill Containment / Removal 11
Lines and pumps 12
Lubricants 12
Vapor Return Line 12
Vents 12
Level Indicators 12
Filters 12
Bulk Handling Facilities, Figures 1a, 1b 13
Safety Precautions during Tank Filling 14
Rail Car Unloading 14
Tank Truck Unloading 15
Drum Storage and Handling 16
Laboratory Handling 16
Storage 16
Work Area 16
Waste Disposal 16
Drumming Procedure 17
3-Methyoxypropylamine
Physical Property Data

Chemical Name: 3-Methoxy-1-propanamine CH3 O CH2 CH2 CH2 NH2


Cas Reg. No. 5332 - 73 - 0
Formula: C4H11NO
Molecular Weight: 89.1 g/mol

Property Units Values


Boiling Point @ 760 mm Hg °C / °F 118 / 224.4

Density, 20° C g / ml 0.87

Freezing Point °C / °F <-70 / -94

Flash Point (closed cup) °C / °F 27 / 80.6

Autoignition Temperature °C / °F 270 / 518

Flammability Limits Lower Limit Vol. % 2.3

Upper Limit Vol. % 12.3

Vapor Pressure @20° C mbar 16

Cyclohexylamine
Physical Property Data

Chemical Name: Cyclohexylamine


Cas Reg. No. 108 - 91 - 8
Formula: C6H13N NH2
Molecular Weight: 99.2 g/mol

Property Units Values


Boiling Point @ 760 mm Hg °C / °F 134 / 273.2

Density, @ 20° C g / ml 0.87

Freezing Point °C / °F -18 / -0.4

Flash Point (closed cup) °C / °F 27 / 80.6

Autoignition Temperature °C / °F 265 / 509

Flammability Limits Lower Limit Vol. % 1.6

Upper Limit Vol. % 9.4

Vapor Pressure @20° C mbar 14

1
Diethylethanolamine
Physical Property Data

Chemical Name: 2-Diethylaminoethanol CH3 CH2


Cas Reg. No. 100 - 37 - 8 N CH2 CH2 OH
Formula: C6H15NO CH3 CH2
Molecular Weight: 117.2 g/mol

Property Units Values


Boiling Point @ 760 mm Hg °C / °F 162 / 323.6

Density, @ 20° C g / ml 0.88

Freezing Point °C / °F -70 / -94

Flash Point (closed cup) °C / °F 51.5 / 124.7

Autoignition Temperature °C / °F 270 / 518

Flammability Limits Lower Limit Vol. % 0.7 (39° C)

Upper Limit Vol. % 10.1 (92.5° C)

Vapor Pressure @20° C mbar 1.9

Morpholine
O

Physical Property Data

Chemical Name: Tetrahydro-1,4-oxazine N


Cas Reg. No. 110 - 91 - 8
Formula: C4H9NO H
Molecular Weight: 87.1 g/mol

Property Units Values


Boiling Point @ 760 mm Hg °C / °F 129 / 264.2

Density, @ 20° C g / ml 1

Heat of Vaporization (20° C) cal / g 120.6

(128.3° C) cal / g 101.6

Freezing Point °C / °F -5 / 23

Flash Point (open cup) °C / °F 32 / 89.6

Autoignition Temperature °C / °F 275 / 527

Flammability Limits Lower Limit Vol. % 1.4

Upper Limit Vol. % 13.1

Vapor Pressure, @20° C mbar 10

2
Flash Point of Amine Solutions

200

180
Flash Point in Degree F

160

140

120

100

80
100

80
90

85

70

65
95

60

50
75

55
Percent of Amines in Aqueous Solutions
DEEA

Morpholine

CHA

3
Health Hazards
3-Methoxypropylamine

Toxicity

Acute Overexposure Effects Exposure Limits


• 3-Methoxypropylamine is corrosive There are currently no regulatory exposure limits
to body tissues. established for 3-methoxypropylamine. The
• Skin contact with the liquid or vapors/mists American Industrial Hygiene Association has pub-
can cause deep burns. lished workplace environmental exposure levels
• Eye contact can result in burns and (WEEL). For 3-Methoxypropylamine, this guideline
permanent injury. value is 5 ppm, as an 8 hour time weighted average
• Ingestion may result in severe gastric and 15 ppm as a short term exposure limit (15min.).
disturbances and corrosive damage.
• May cause sensitization by skin contact. General Personal Protection Data
Use the following personal protective equipment
when handling amines:
Chronic Overexposure Effects
• Butyl rubber gloves, boots and aprons.
• Chemical splash goggles and full face shields
There are no known chronic effects associated
• If vapors or mists are generated wear a NIOSH
with 3-methoxypropylamine.
approved organic vapor/mist respirator.
• Safety showers and eyewash fountains should be
First Aid Measures easily accessible.
• Tools used when handling amines should be
Skin: constructed of a non-sparking alloy.
Remove contaminated clothing. • Exhaust fan motors should be explosion-proof.
Wash affected areas with water.
Get immediate medical attention.
Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eyes:
Immediately wash eyes with running water for 15
minutes. Get immediate medical attention.

Ingestion:
If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Dilute
with water or milk and get immediate medical
attention. Never give fluids or induce vomiting if
the victim is unconscious or having convulsions.

Inhalation:
Move to fresh air. Aid in breathing, if necessary,
and get medical attention.

4
Cyclohexylamine

Toxicity

Acute Overexposure Effects Ingestion:


• Cyclohexylamine is corrosive to body tissues. If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Dilute
It can be absorbed in toxic amounts through with water or milk and get immediate medical
the skin. attention. Never give fluids or induce vomiting if
• Skin contact with the liquid or vapors/mists the victim is unconscious or having convulsions.
may result in deep burns.
• Eye contact may result in burns and Inhalation:
permanent injury. Move to fresh air. Aid in breathing, if necessary, and
• Inhalation of cyclohexylamine may result in get medical attention.
irritation, lightheadedness, drowsiness, anxiety,
nausea, and vomiting. Exposure Limits
• Cyclohexylamine is toxic by ingestion. • The American Conference of Governmental
Industrial Hygients (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
Chronic Overexposure Effects (TLV) is 10 ppm as a time-weighted average.
• Cyclohexylamine has produced embryotoxicity,
low birth count, post-natal mortality, and General Personal Protection Data
decreased body weight in laboratory animals in When handling amines the following personal
high doses. protective equipment should be used:
• Cyclohexylamine is embryotoxic, but not • Butyl rubbers gloves, boots and aprons.
carcinogenic or teratogenic. No effects have • Chemical splash goggles and full face shields.
been seen in humans. • If vapors or mists are generated wear a NIOSH
approved organic vapor/mist respirator.
• Safety showers and eyewash fountains should be
First Aid Measures easily accessible.
• Tools used when handling amines should be con-
Skin: structed of an non-sparking alloy.
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash affected • Exhaust fan motors should be explosion-proof.
areas with water. Get immediate medical attention.
Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eyes:
Immediately wash eyes with running water for 15
minutes. Get immediate medical attention.

5
Diethylethanolamine

Toxicity

Acute Overexposure Effects Exposure Limits


• Diethylethanolamine is corrosive to body tissues. • The current NIOSH and OSHA exposure limit for
• Skin contact with the liquid or vapors/mists may Diethylethanolamine is 10 ppm (50 mg/m3).
result in deep burns. 8 hour time weighted average.
• Eye contact may result in burns and • The ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV) is 2 ppm
permanent injury. as a time-weighted-average.
• Ingestion may result in severe gastric • NIOSH/OSHA and ACGIH values also include a
disturbances and corrosive damage. “skin” notation, indicating the DEEA may be
• May cause sensitization by skin contact. absorbed through the skin.

Chronic Overexposure Effects General Personal Protection Data


Repeated inhalation exposures in rats for 14 weeks When handling amines the following personal
at 76ppm showed respiratory irritation, corneal protective equipment should be used:
opacities, nasal lesions and effects in the liver and • Butyl rubber gloves, boots and aprons.
kidneys. • Chemical splash goggles and full face shields.
• If vapors or mists are generated wear a NIOSH
First Aid Measures approved organic vapor/mist respirator.
• Safety showers and eyewash fountains should be
Skin: easily accessible.
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash affected • Tools used when handling amines should be
areas with water. Get immediate medical attention. constructed of a non-sparking alloy.
Launder contaminated clothing before reuse. • Exhaust fan motors should be explosion-proof.

Eyes:
Immediately wash eyes with running water for
15 minutes. Get immediate medical attention.

Ingestion:
If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Dilute
with water or milk and get immediate medical
attention. Never give fluids or induce vomiting if
the victim is unconscious or having convulsions.

Inhalation:
Move to fresh air. Aid in breathing, if necessary,
and get medical attention.

6
Morpholine
Toxicity

Acute Overexposure Effects Exposure Limits


• Morpholine is corrosive to body tissues. • The current NIOSH and OSHA exposure limits for
• Skin contact with the liquid or vapors/mists Morpholine are 20 ppm (70 mg/m3) TWA with a
may result in deep burns. skin notation.
• Eye contact may result in burns and permanent • The current NIOSH short term exposure limit
injury. (STEL) is 30 ppm.
• Acute overexposure to morpholine vapors results • The ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV) is
in respiratory irritation and transient eye irritation. 20 ppm TWA, with a skin notation.
• Temporary foggy vision has been reported.
General Personal Protection Data
Chronic Overexposure Effects When handling amines the following personal
• Repeated skin applications with morpholine protective equipment should be used:
caused skin, liver, and kidney injury in rabbits. • Butyl rubber gloves, boots and aprons.
• Rats and guinea pigs exposed to 18,000 ppm • Chemical splash goggles and full face shields.
morpholine exhibited eye and respiratory • If vapors or mists are generated wear a NIOSH
irritation. Repeated exposures caused lung, approved organic vapor/mist respirator.
liver and kidney injury. • Safety showers and eyewash fountains should be
• In a 13-week inhalation study with rats morpho- easily accessible.
line caused nasal lesions at 100 and 250 ppm; no • Tools used when handling amines should be
effects were seen at 25 ppm. constructed of a non-sparking alloy.
• In an industry sponsored study, morpholine was • Exhaust fan motors should be explosion-proof.
carcinogenic to rats at 10, 50, 100 ppm; but
did cause ophthalmic and nasal lesions.

First Aid Measures

Skin:
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash affected
areas with water. Get immediate medical attention.
Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eyes:
Immediately wash eyes with running water for 15
minutes. Get immediate medical attention.

Ingestion:
If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Dilute
with water or milk and get immediate medical
attention. Never give fluids or induce vomiting if
the victim is unconscious or having convulsions.

Inhalation:
Move to fresh air. Aid in breathing, if necessary,
and get medical attention.

7
Ecotoxicity and Biodegradation
Ecotoxic Effects

Ecotoxic Effects - Cyclohexylamine


Leuciscus idus / LC50 58 - 195 mg/l/96h
Daphnae (acute), EC/LC50 (24 h) 49 - 80 mg/l
Algae, EC/LC50 (96 h) 20 mg/l
Bacteria, EC/LC50 (24 h) 54 mg/l

Ecotoxic Effects - Diethylethanolamine


Leuciscus idus / LC50 >100 <200 mg/l/96h
Daphnae (acute), EC/LC50 (48 h) 83.6 mg/l
Algae, EC/LC50 (72 h) 30 mg/l

Ecotoxic Effects - Morpholine


Oncorhynchus / LC50 20 - 380 mg/l/96h
Daphnae (acute), EC/LC50 (24 h) 100 mg/l
Algae, EC/LC50 (96 h) 28 mg/l
Bacteria, EC/LC50 (16 h) >310 mg/l

Ecotoxic Effects - 3-Methoxypropylamine


Leuciscus idus / LC50 >100 <220 mg/l/96h
Bacteria, EC/LC50 (16 h) >10000 mg/l

Environmental Fate
Cyclohexylamine, Diethylethanolamine, Morpholine and 3-Methoxypropylamine
are alkalines. Before discharging into treatment plants be familiar with federal,
state and local regulations and your sites’ permits. Ensure any discharges
comply with your sites’ environmental operating procedures.

8
Transportation - Storage - Handling
General Handling USDOT
The storage, handling and use area for amines should The United States Department of Transportation
be well ventilated. Sparkproof motors and tools are establishes rules for transporting chemicals. The DOT
required. All equipment, tank car, truck and hose con- information for these four amines is given in Table 1.
nections not permanently set must be grounded . See
figure 1a and 1b. Shipping
Standard shipping containers for amines are:
The following publications are excellent references on
safe practices for the storage and handling of flamma- • Rail Cars – Carbon Steel, lined with PLASITE™ 3070
ble and combustible liquids: or 3066 20,000 to 27,000 gals. capacity.

Health and Safety References • Tank Trucks – Stainless Steel 5,000 to 6,000 gals.
Available from www.osha.gov capacity.
US OSHA 1910.106 Flammable and Combustable
Liquids • Steel Drums – 55 gallon steel drums,
UN 1A1/X/1.33/300.
Available from www.cdc.gov/niosh
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Available from www.hazmat.dot.gov


Office of Hazardous Materials Safety-Emergency
Response Guidebook

Table 1
DOT Information

3-Methoxypropylamine Diethylethanolamine Cyclohexylamine Morpholine

DOT Proper Amines, liquid, corrosive, Diethylaminoethanol, Cyclohexylamine, Morpholine,


flammable, N.O.S. (3-meth- 8, (3), UN 2686, PG II 8, (3), UN 2357, PG II 8, (3), UN 2054, PG I
Shipping Name oxypropyl amine), 8, (3),
UN 2734, PG I

Primary Hazard 8 8 8 8
(CORROSIVE) (CORROSIVE) (CORROSIVE) (CORROSIVE)
Class
3 3 3 3
Secondary Hazard (FLAMMABLE) (FLAMMABLE) (FLAMMABLE) (FLAMMABLE)
Class

DOT Placard CORROSIVE CORROSIVE CORROSIVE CORROSIVE


required

UN Number 2734 2686 2357 2054

Packaging Group I II II I

E/R Guide 132 132 132 132

9
Bulk Storage Tanks

The specific bulk storage layout for amines must


conform to Federal, state and local regulations. Before permitting welding or burning operations on
The preferred material of construction the tank, make sure the vapor content of the tank
for amines is stainless steel, however, carbon steel atmosphere is below the flammable limit. Before
tanks are also widely used. permitting personnel to enter the tank, check tank
atmosphere for the amine vapor content and car-
Consult 29CFR 1910.106 for applicable OSHA bon monoxide and oxygen content as well as all
requirements for flammable and combustible liquid additional requirements for confined space entry.
storage. Refer to OSHA’s standard of 29CFR 1910.146.
Personnel entering the tank should wear a full
A new carbon steel tank should be thoroughly chemical suit, butyl gloves and boots, and respira-
cleaned by sand blasting, followed by vacuum tory protection as defined by your site safety proce-
cleaning and wiping. If a carbon steel tank is not dures.
filled within two days it should be kept dry by
padding with dry nitrogen. Underground tanks for The aqueous waste generated during the cleaning
storage of amines are not recommended. operation must be disposed of in accordance with
Federal, state and local requirements.
Storage tank containment should be constructed of
concrete bottoms and walls. The containment
basin must be large enough to accommodate a
Testing
tank’s entire contents. If one basin serves more The bulk storage system, tanks and piping should
than one tank, its capacity must be sufficient to be hydrostatically tested for leaks before introduc-
contain 110% of the contents of the largest tank ing product. Testing hydrostatically is preferred,
plus the maximum rainfall in a 24 hour period over but nitrogen can be used if water contamination is
the last 100 years. a concern. If water is used, the tank interior, lines,
pumps and valves should be thoroughly dried
Cleaning Storage Tanks before introducing product.
If it is necessary to clean or repair a storage tank,
both liquid and vapor must be removed from the Ground Requirements
entire system including pumps, piping and associ- Each part of a bulk handling system including
ated equipment. Once the liquid is removed, top tanks, pumps, hoses, platforms, tank cars and tank
and bottom manways can be opened for inspec- trucks should be electrically grounded to a ground
tion. If an internal tank inspection is required, wash rod or other approved ground system. Wire
the interior with water and allow the tank to vent for jumpers should be installed at swivel joints and
at least 24 hours. Install blinds on all tank nozzles. other locations to provide an unbroken
Refer to OSHA 1910.146 permit required confined low-resistance ground circuit. Recommended
spaces. ground resistances are shown in Table 2.

Table 2
Recommended ground resistances
Service Max. allowed resistance, OHMS Grounding
Motor-hazardous area 3 Ground wire in conduit with circuit
connectors
Tanks and vessels 2-5 Cable to ground
Pipelines 2-5 Driven rods, cables
Tankcar and rails 2-5 Driven rods, cables

10
Storage Temperatures Spill Containment/Removal

1. Morpholine The entire product handling area should be


Morpholine freezes at a temperature of –5° C/ equipped with adequate spill containment facilities.
23° F. It is therefore recommended to equip the The containment area should be constructed of
tank with a heating system for product storage in sealed concrete in order to facilitate the removal of
climates where ambient temperatures can cause an accidental spill. Any spill should not be allowed
freezing. External heating panels, (electric or low to enter floor drains connected to sewer systems,
pressure steam), a temperature controller as well but should drain into spill pit or collection resevoir.
as sufficient insulation are recommended. The
same recommendations apply to transfer lines, In the event of a spill:
valves and pumps.
1. Assign trained personnel, with the proper protec-
2. Cyclohexylamine tive equipment, to clean up. Notify all appropri-
Cyclohexylamine freezes at a temperature of ate authorities. Follow your site’s spill response
–18° C / -0.4° F. The same recommendations as and emergency plans.
tested for morpholine apply if ambient tempera-
tures could cause freezing of the product. 2. Minimal protective equipment: butyl gloves,
chemical goggles, chemical splash suit and
3. Diethylethanolamine boots. A self-contained breathing apparatus
Diethylethanolamine freezes at a temperature of (SCBA) maybe required based on the size and
–68° C / -90.4° F. Heating and insulation of nature of the spill.
transfer equipment is not required.
3. If needed, use a water spray to reduce vapors.
4. 3-Methoxypropylamine Provide maximum ventilation until the area is
3-Methoxypropylamine freezes at a temperature cleaned up.
of –70° C / -94° F. Heating and insulation of
transfer equipment is not required. 4. For small spills, cover with sand, sawdust and/or
other absorbent material. The material can be
Inert Gas Blanketing placed into containers for later disposal as per
Since the vapor concentration above the product Federal, state and local regulations.
can be well within the flammable limits, it is essen-
tial to displace the atmospheric oxygen with an 5. Larger spills should be contained and
inert gas, preferable dry nitrogen. The inert gas vacuumed into a vacuum truck for disposal.
should be introduced into the tank as a light purge
venting through the vapor line into the vapor control
device.

General Tank Operating


Recommendations
As shown in figures 1a & b, a storage tank for
amines is normally vented through a line leading to
an emission control device such as a thermal oxi-
dizer. In addition the tank must be protected by a
secondary pressure/vacuum relief device which
can protect the tank if the vent line should become
restricted. It is essential to assure a free vent line
every time before loading or unloading the tank.

11
Lines and Pumps Level Indicators

Centrifugal pumps with mechanical seals or canned A level indicator should be on each tank.
pumps are recommended for transfer service with Differential pressure-type gauges or float-type indi-
amines. Suitable materials for the seals on tanks, cators can be used for measuring tank levels.
equipment and pipelines required for handling Level gauges can be calibrated to indicate depth,
amines are polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE), polyethyl- pounds or gallons in the tank. A transmitter can be
ene, and high-molecular weight polypropylene. All connected to the level indicator and tied to one or
pipes, pumps, etc. should be made of the same more level gauges installed on the plant site. The
material as the tank to avoid galvanic corrosion. installation of a high-level warning device may be
The inlet dip tube on the amine storage tank should advisable where the carrier unloading spot is at a
extend to 6” from the bottom. A 1/4” diameter hole distance from the tank. Overflow prevention
should be drilled near the top of the dip tube to act devices will automatically shut off the delivery of
as a siphon break. Welded or flanged joints are product into the tank whenever certain predeter-
preferred. Screwed joints should be wrapped with mined levels are exceeded. “No load” protection
gasket tape or Teflon® PTFE fluorocarbon fiber to ensures that the pump for discharging the contents
minimize leaks. of the tank is automatically shut off when the level
is a tank falls to a certain minimum.
Lubricants
Filters
A suitable lubricant for moving parts in contact with
amines is graphite. Oils and grease are unsuitable Product transferred into the tank as well as product
and should not be used. discharged from the tank should pass through a fil-
ter. Cartridge or bag filters may be used. The
material of contruction of the filter housing and
Vapor Return Line the filter element should be compatible with the
product. For amine service, stainless steel hous-
The vapor return line connects the vapor space in ings and cotton for the construction for the filter
the tank to the vehicle being unloaded. It serves a cartridges or bags is suggested. The pore size of
double function, i.e. environmental protection and the filter element should be 10 micron or less.
adherence to product specification, because it does
not allow the product to come into contact with
atmospheric moisture and oxygen.

Vents

Vents to the atmosphere should be fitted with a


flame arrestor. All storage tanks require some
means of preventing vacuum or pressure buildup
as liquid is withdrawn or added and atmospheric
conditions change. Amine tanks should have a
conservation vent with a flame arrestor. An emer-
gency vent must be provided, having sufficient
venting capacity to protect the tank in the event of
fire.

12
13
Safety Precautions during
Tank Filling
1. Upon arrival of bulk-transported amines, the 5. All transfer hoses should be equipped with “dry
tanks on the vehicle must be checked to ensure disconnect couplings”. This type of coupling
that the flanged covers, bolts, and seals on the significantly reduces product losses/spillage
domed head are intact. Attach the required should accidental disconnection of coupler and
grounding cable(s) to the bulk transport vessel. adapter occur, or when disconnecting the hose
The recommended ground resistance should not after product transfer.
exceed 2-5 Ohms. Before the flanged cover is
opened, any dirt adhering to its outer surface 6. Connect the vapor return line to the top flange
must be removed. of the rail car (if the storage facility is so
2. Rail tank cars and tank trucks must be chocked equipped).
during the entire unloading operation, because
any movement of the vehicle may break the con- 7. For unloading facilities not equipped with a spill
nection to the tank. containment system, place a spill pan under the
3. A safety zone of 15 ft. radius must be secured bottom outlet of the rail car.
around the vents on any road tankers, rail tank
cars, or tank containers that have to be dis- 8. Open all vapor return line valves to assure free
charged. vapor flow between the storage tank and the
4. All pipe and hose connections should be pres- rail car.
sure tested. Use spill pans under hose connec-
tions or flanges to catch leaks and drips. Dispose 9. Do not loosen the bolts on the dome cover.
of collected material in accordance with Federal,
state and local regulations. 10. Open the bottom valve of the rail car and check
for leaks at the hose connections.

Rail Car Unloading 11. Open all valves in the product discharge line.

12. Start the transfer pump and check for leaks.


General
Assure that the recommended personal protective 13. If the storage tank is not equipped with a vapor
equipment is used before proceeding with the return line, connect the rail car vent with a
unloading operation. See the products’ MSDS for regulated nitrogen supply applying and
recommendations. maintaining a slight pressure to exclude oxygen
and to prevent the tank car from collapsing.
Unloading Procedure
1. Set “blue flags.” Chock the wheels of the rail 14. The entire unloading operation should be
car. Attach a certified grounding cable to the continuously supervised by the responsible
frame of the car. See table 2 of this section for operating personnel. Follow your sites’ operat-
recommended ground resistances. ing procedures.

2. Compare the rail car number with the bill of lad- 15. Once the car is empty secure the pump and
ing to ensure that the proper shipment is to be close all valves on the product discharge line,
unloaded. Follow your sites’ quality and operat- vapor line, tank car and storage tank.
ing procedures.
16. Secure the nitrogen supply line and disconnect
3. Record the current product temperature if the hose at the nitrogen inlet of the rail car, and
required. relieve the pressure on the tank car.

4. Connect the transfer hose to the bottom outlet 17. Verify that the tank car is completely empty, per
of the rail car. your sites’ unloading procedures.

18. Before closing the manway and tightening the


bolts, assure that an undamaged gasket is in
place.

14
Tank Truck Unloading
Recommendations for unloading using a pump, are 5. Connect the product transfer hose to the truck
given below. Since the actual conditions of unload- compartment outlet nozzle.
ing and handling may vary consult your sites’ oper-
ating procedures. 6. Connect the vapor line of the storage tank with
the vent nozzle of the tank truck compartment.
Assure that the recommended personal protective
equipment is used before proceeding with the 7. If the storage tank is not equipped with a
unloading operation. See the products’ MSDS. vapor line, connect the tank truck vent with
a regulated nitrogen supply applying and
Transfer Hose Recommendations maintaining a pressure of 1 to 5 psig.
For amines, a stainless steel flex-hose of a
minimum inner diameter of two (2) inches or a 8. If a vapor line is used, open all valves to assure
Teflon®- lined chemical hose is recommended. free vapor flow between the tank truck com-
Vapor line hose connections should follow the partment and the storage tank.
same recommendations. All product transfer
hoses should be equipped with “dry disconnect 9. Open the internal valve and the external valve of
couplings”. This type of coupling significantly the truck compartment and check for leaks at
reduces product losses/spillage, should accidental the transfer hose connections.
disconnection of coupler and adapter occur, or
when disconnecting the hose after product transfer. 10. Start transfer pump. Check for leaks.

Unloading Procedure 11. The entire unloading operation should be


1. Chock the wheels of the tank truck. Attach a continuously supervised by the responsible
grounding cable to the frame of the truck. See operating personnel. Follow your sites’
table 2 of this section for recommended ground operating procedures.
resistances.
12. Once the truck compartment is empty secure
2. Compare the trailer number with the bill of the pump and close all valves on the product
lading to ensure that the proper shipment is to discharge line, vapor line, tank truck and stor-
be unloaded. Follow your sites’ quality and age tank.
operating procedures.
13. Secure the nitrogen supply line and disconnect
3. Record the current product temperature as the hose at the nitrogen inlet of the truck com-
shown on the built-in dial thermometer, if partment, and relieve the pressure on the tank
required. truck.

4. Assure that the internal as well as the external 14. Verify that the truck compartment is completely
valve is in a closed position. Carefully remove empty, per your sites’ operating procedures.
the cap from the product outlet nozzle of the
compartment and inspect for cleanliness. 16. Before closing the manway and tightening the
bolts, assure that an undamaged gasket is in
place.

15
Drum Storage and Handling Laboratory Handling
Drums should be stored in a cool place, protected Laboratory personnel assigned to work with amines
from damage and protected from access by should be thoroughly familiar with the physical and
unauthorized persons. toxicological properties and with the recommended
“safe handling procedures” and the MSDS.
Since morpholine, cyclohexylamine,
diethylethanolamine and 3-methoxypropylamine are The following techniques are suggested when
flammable, NFPA guidelines for storage of flammable handling amines on a small scale in the laboratory.
materials should be consulted. OSHA also has stan-
dards concerning storage of flammable liquids at 29
CFR 1910.106. Storage

These products can be pumped or transferred by Laboratory supplies (bulk quantities) should be stored
gravity (if storage is elevated) to the receiving vessel outside the laboratory building in closed, grounded
using standard approved equipment. Precautions for safety cabinets that can be locked. Daily chemical
the handling of flammable or combustible liquids must requirements should be brought into the laboratory in
be observed. Grounding requirements have to be met glass or compatible plastic or metal containers. The
(Table 2). minimum protective equipment should be safety gog-
gles, respirator and neoprene gloves. All traces of
spilled liquid should be washed or removed from the
outside of the container before bringing it into the lab-
oratory.

Work Area
All operations involving amines should be carried out
in a well ventilated area. Any operations carried out in
open containers should be done under a hood. The
hood should have a separate exhaust system such
that exhaust vapors are prevented from being pulled
into the building through the air intakes.

Waste Disposal
Facilities should be provided for safe handling of
amines waste and to prevent their vapors from escap-
ing in the laboratory work area. Portable flammable
solvent waste containers with tightly fitting self closing
lids that are satisfactory for this operation. Laboratory
amines waste should be disposed of in accordance
with local, state and federal requirements. Follow
your state’s waste handling procedures.

16
Amines Drumming Procedure • Inspect drums for physical damage and assure that
the bungs are closed.
• Tighten the 3/4 inch bung to the torque as specified in
Product Certification: the batch sheet and install a shipping seal.
The tank or tank truck to be drummed must be verified. • Attach the product label and the certificate of analysis
If a truck shipment is used for drumming, the written label (if required).
certificate of analysis that accompanies the shipment • Line up the drumming line from the appropriate tank or
should be used for the drummed material. The lot num- truck.
ber shown on the certificate of analysis should be used • Allow the first few drums to enter the staging area and
for the drummed lot as well, unless otherwise specified. remove the 2 inch bung.
If a storage tank is used for drumming, the tank should • Inspect each drum internally for cleanliness using a
be sampled and analyzed in order to establish a certifi- flashlight.
cate of analysis. This certificate is used for the entire • Start purging the first drum with nitrogen until oxygen
drummed lot and a lot number is assigned as specified free. This can take several minutes depending on the
by the drumming batch sheet. nitrogen flow rate.
• Set up the drumming instrumentation to the required
Drum Specifications: net weight as per batch sheet.
A 55 gal steel drums, UN 1A1/X/1.33/300. • Before filling the first drum for a customer shipment
is recommended. flush the entire line through the drumming nozzle. The
required amount of flush depends largely on the local
piping system and has to be determined by analytical
Drumming Station Requirements: methods.
1. The drumming station should be located in a well ven- • Sequentially number each drum (starting with #1) on
tilated area indoors with ample access provided for the top near the 3/4 bung.
drum and pallet movement by forklifts or other materi- • Proceed with the filling operation.
al handling equipment. • If automated drumming equipment is utilized, follow
2. A drumming station should consist of the following the manufacturer’s operating instructions.
major components: • Draw drum samples as required by the sampling
-Gravity conveyor for empty drums schedule.
-Bung alignment machine • Immediately after a drum is filled and sampled install
-Drum filling machine the 2 inch bung and tighten to the required torque as
-Palletizing machine specified in the batch sheet. Note: In order to apply
-Control instrumentation the correct torque to the 3/4” and 2” bungs it is essen-
3. In order to eliminate amine vapor releases into the tial to use a torque wrench. Improperly torqued bungs
environment and to minimize human exposure, the tend to leak.
drum filling machine should be equipped with a fume • Check the top of the drum for any traces of product
hood and an exhaust system conveying the amine and wipe clean using a cloth. It is recommended to
vapors to a fume scrubber or vapor incinerator. use portable flammable waste containers with tightly
4. A drumming check list should be used as a guideline fitting self closing lids for the temporary waste storage.
to help eliminate potential problems. All sections of Final disposal of the contaminated cloth should be
the list should be addressed during the drumming done in accordance with state, local and Federal
operation. The check list should be signed and requirements.
returned to supervision along with the drumming
batch sheet. Scale Weight Verification
In order to confirm the accuracy of the drum filling
Drumming Procedure weight, the scale accuracy should be verified on a bi-
Operating personnel assigned to the drumming opera- monthly basis and if necessary, re-calibrated using certi-
tion should be thoroughly familiar with the physical and fied calibration weight standards.
toxicological properties and with the recommended
“safe handling procedures” outlined in this brochure and Technical Service and Product Stewardship
the product’s MSDS. BASF Corporation believes that product responsibility
includes both quality control of its products and techni-
Initial Preparations. cal service regarding safe handling and proper use of
• Assure that an adequate supply of drums, these products. We are prepared to assist customers
pallets, labels, bung seals, as well as the required with concerns pertaining to the storage and handling of
personal protective equipment is available. these products.

17
BASF: Helping Make Products Better™
BASF is the world’s leading chemical company,
offering its customers a range of high-performance
products, including chemicals, plastics, perform-
ance products, agricultural products, fine chemicals
as well as crude oil and natural gas. Its distinctive
approach to integration, known in German as
“Verbund,” is its strength. It enables BASF to
achieve cost leadership and gives the company a
competitive advantage. BASF conducts its business
in accordance with the principles of sustainable
development. In 2002, BASF had sales of $34 bil-
lion and more than 89,000 employees worldwide.
BASF Corporation is the North American affiliate of
BASF AG, Ludwigshafen, Germany. In North
America, 2002 sales were approximately $8.2 bil-
lion and the company employs approximately
13,000 people. For more information or to receive
news releases by e-mail, visit www.basf.com/usa.

While the descriptions, designs, data and information contained


herein are presented in good faith and believed to be accurate, it
is provided for your guidance only. Because many factors may
affect processing or application/use, we recommend that you
make tests to determine the suitability of a product for your par-
ticular purpose prior to use. NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MER-
CHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE
MADE REGARDING PRODUCTS DESCRIBED OR DESIGNS, DATA OR
INFORMATION SET FORTH, OR THAT THE PRODUCTS, DESIGNS,
DATA OR INFORMATION MAY BE USED WITHOUT INFRINGING THE
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OF OTHERS. IN NO CASE SHALL
THE DESCRIPTIONS, INFORMATION, DATA OR DESIGNS PROVIDED
BE CONSIDERED A PART OF OUR TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE.

All tradenames are owned by BASF AG or BASF Corporation


©2004 BASF Corporation

BASF Corporation
100 Campus Drive
Florham Park, NJ 07932

Call: 1-800-260-2077
E-mail:
Chemical_Intermediates@basf-corp.com

Helping Make
Products Better™