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2015 MTAP eliminations with solutions

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1.) Simplify:

Solution

Answer:

2.) By how much is 3 – 1/3 greater than 2 - 1/2?

Solution

.

Answer:

Solution

can be written as .

Since and ,

Answer:

4.) What is the product of three consecutive multiples of 5 if the middle number is n?

Solution

If is a multiple of 5 and the middle number of the three numbers, then the other numbers

are and .

Answer: .

5.) If water pours into a tank at a rate of 100 liters per minute, at what rate is the tank being

filled in kiloliters per hour?

Solution

100 liters/minute 60 minutes per hour = 6000 liters per hour

Answer: 6 kiloliters per hour

6.) Subtract the sum of and from .

Solution

.

Answer:

7.) Simplify .

Solution

Simplifying we have,

Answer: 22.5

8.) The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is 1620 degrees. How many sides has the

polygon?

Solution

Answer: 11

9.) Simplify: .

Solution

= ( 4 )2 – ( 4 )2 = - = = -3

16 16 16

10.) The sum of the two angles of a triangle is three times the third angle. What is the sum

of the first two angles?

Therefore,

.

Answer: 135

11.) Danny had some stickers. He gave 1/3 of the stickers plus 1 sticker to his brother.

Then, he gave 1/3 of the remaining stickers plus 4 stickers to his sister. Finally, he gave ½

of what remained plus 3 stickers to best friend. He found that he had 4 stickers left. How

many stickers did Danny have at first?

Solution

If we let = number of stickers

= number of stickers given to his brothers. If we subtract the stickers given to his

brother, we have

(*)

Now, Danny gave 1/3 of this remaining stickers plus 4 stickers to his sister. That is, he

gave

(#) stickers.

Now, subtracting the stickers given to her sister (#) from the remaining stickers (*), we have

(**).

Next, he gave 1/2 of the remaining stickers (**) and an additional 3. That is, he gave

(##).

..

So, giving us .

Answer: 42

12.) What number is 2/5 of the way from – 3 to 5?

Solution

The distance between -3 and 5 is 8. So, (2/5)(8) = 16/5.

Now,

Answer: 1/5

13.) The number is divisible by 3. The number is . What digit

does represent?

Solution

Since the number is divisible by 3, the number is divisible by 9. By the divisibility rules,

a number is divisible by 9 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9.

Therefore, must be divisible by . Now, since is a 1-digit

number, the only possible value for since and 27 is divisible by 9.

Therefore, .

Answer: 8

14.) What is the smallest positive integer that must be multiplied to 60 to get a perfect

cube?

Solution

The prime factorization of 60 is . The smallest possible number that we are

looking for is .

Therefore,

Answer: 450

15.) Compute

Solution

Simplifying, we have

Now,

or .

Answer:

16.) What three-digit number is both a square of an integer and a cube of an integer?

Solution

The only numbers that will produce a 3-digit number when cubed are the numbers from 5 to

9. The only perfect square among this numbers is 9. Therefore, the answer is .

Note that its square root is 27.

Answer: 729

17.) Simplify

Solution

18.) If x is twice as far as -9 as it is from 3, what are the possible values of x?

Solution

The distance between -9 and 3 is 12. Now 2/3 (12) = 8 and -9 + 8 = -1. Therefore, the

distance from -9 to -1 is twice that distance from -1 to 3.

Also, if we let 3 be the center of the circle, we can draw a diameter from -9 to 15. Therefore,

x = 15 is twice the length from -9 than from 3.

Answer: x = -1, x = 15

19.) Sandra is 18 years older than Paulo. In 13 years, Sandra will be as twice as old as

Paulo will be then. How old is Sandra now?

Solution

Let x = age of Paulo

x + 18 = age of Sandra

2(x + 13) = x + 13 + 18

Simplifying, we have

2x + 26 = x + 31

x=5

Answer: 23

20.) Which is bigger or ?

Solution

and .

and .

Since , .

Answer:

21.) The average of five numbers is 14. The average of the three of the numbers is 12.

What is the average of the other two numbers?

Solution

The average of five numbers is 14 means that their sum is 70. The average of the three of

those numbers is 12 means that their sum is 36. Now, 70 – 36 = 34 is the sum of the

remaining two numbers. Their average is 34/2 = 17.

Answer: 17

22.) A sandwich costs p pesos. A cookie costs Php9 pesos less than a sandwich. How

much more expensive are 8 cookies than 5 sandwiches?

Solution

8 cookies – 5 sandwiches = 8(p – 9) – 5p = 8p – 72 – 5p = 3p – 72.

Answer: 3p – 72

23.) Which values of x satisfy |2x + 1| = |2x – 9|?

Solution

2x + 1 = -(2x – 9)

2x + 1 = -2x + 9

4x = 8

x=2

Answer: 2

24.) A car leaves P at 8 AM and travels to Q at a constant speed. A bus leaves Q at 8:45

AM and travels to P at a speed three times that of the car. If they meet at 10 AM, find the

ratio of the distance traveled by the bus to the distance traveled by the car when they meet?

Solution

Let x = speed traveled by the car

3x = speed traveled by the bus

The time traveled by the car from 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM is 2 hours.

The time traveled by the bus from 8:45 to 10:00 AM is 1 hour and 14 minutes or 5/4 hours.

Since distance is the product of the rate and the time, the ratio of the distance traveled by

the car to the bus is

So, the ratio of the distance traveled by the car to the distance traveled by the bus is 8:15.

Answer: 8:15

25.) How many 3-digit numbers are multiple of 18?

Solution

The smallest 3-digit number that is a multiple of 18 is (18)(6) = 108.

The largest 3-digit number that is a multiple of 18 is (18)(55) = 990.

So, there are 55 – 6 + 1 = 50 numbers.

Answer: 50

26.) If the perimeter of the square is a 8x + 6, what is its area?

Solution

The side of a square with perimeter . The area of the square

is .

Answer:

27.) Two vertical poles are 3 meters apart. Jack’s climbing one pole well Jill climbs the

other. If the distance between Jack and Jill is 5 m, how much higher is Jill than Jack?

Solution

By the Pythagorean Theorem, , , .

Answer: 4

28.) If the circumference of a circle increased by 20% how much is its area increased?

Solution

If we let C be the circumference of the circle and r be its D, then

.

Since 2 and pi are constant, we can only change r. That is, we multiply r by 1.2. Now, if we

let the area of a circle be A,

Answer: 44%

29.) A camp director prepared enough food for 100 students for six days. If only 75 students

came, how long when the food supply last?

Solution

100/75 = x/6

74x = 600

x=8

Answer: 8 days

30.) How many two digit numbers are not divisible by four nor by five?

Solution

There are 90 two-digit numbers. There are 22 numbers that are divisible by 4 (divide 90 by

4 and get the integer quotient).

There are 18 numbers that are divisible by 5 (divide 90 by 5 and get the integer quotient).

However, numbers which divisible by 20 were counted twice since they are both divisible by

4 and by 5. There are 4 of them (divide 90 by 20 and get the integer quotient). In effect,

there are 22 + 18 – 4 = 36 numbers that are either divisible by 4 or 5

Answer: 54

31.) If is a prime number not equal to 2, which of the following can be a prime:

, , .

Solution

All prime numbers not equal to 2 are odd. If is odd, then and are both even,

while is odd. Therefore, only can be a prime.

Answer:

32.) What must be added to the product of and to obtain ?

Solution

The product of and is .

Now, we subtract the result from .

Answer:

33.) If the greatest common divisor of two numbers is 12 and their least common multiple is

180, what are the possible pairs of numbers?

Solution:

The product of the gcd and lcm of two numbers is equal to the product of the numbers. So,

we need to examine the factors of 12(180) = 2160 where the gcd is 12 and lcm is 180. We

only have two pairs of such numbers, 12 and 180 and 36 and 60.

34.) Given a positive integer n, arrange the following from least to greatest:

,

Solution

Squaring all the expressions, it is easy to see that

Answer: .

35.) What is the largest integer which is always a factor on the sum of three consecutive

even integers?

Solution

Let , , and be three consecutive even integers. Their sum

is . Therefore, 6 is always a factor of their sum.

Answer: 6

36.) If the sum of the first positive 100 integers is 5050, what is the sum of the next 100

integers?

Solution: The next 100 integers are 101, 102, 103, …, 200. That is, we add 100 to each

one of the first 100 integers. In effect, we added (100) (100) + 5050 = 15050.

Answer: 15050

37.) With what polynomial must be divided to get a

quotient and a remainder of ?

Solution

Consider dividing 12 by 7. We get a quotient of 1 and a remainder of 5. From this, we can

form the equation, 12/7 = 1 + 5/7. In general, if we divide and get a quotient and a

remainder of , we can have the equation

(1).

In the equation above, we are looking for the value for b, the divisor. Therefore, multiplying

the equation in (1) by , we get , giving us . If we let

, , and , substituting the values in (*), we

get .

Answer:

divided by ?

Solution

that . Multiplying by 8, we have .

Therefore, .

Answer: 7

Solution

, ,

, , .

Answer: -8 or 14

40.) Compute:

Solution

Answer:

41.) Each square in the figure has side length 1. The curve each square is a circular arc with

center at a corner of the square. What is the area of the shaded region?

42.) What is the least common multiple of 168 and 420?

Solution

Left as an exercise.

Answer: 840

43.) A salesman receives a basic salary of Php10, 000 and a commission of 5% on all sales. Find

his total sales in a month when he earned Php25, 000?

Solution

10, 000 + .05x= 25, 000

0.05x = 15, 000

x = 300 000

Answer: Php 300, 000.00

44.) What is the absolute value of at ?

Solution

Answer:

45.) Find all real numbers for which (7 – x)/2 > (4x + 3)/4

Solution

Multiplying both sides by 4, we have

2(7 – x) > 4x + 3

14 – 2x > 4x + 3

11 > 6x

11/6 > x

x < 11/6

46.) For what values of x is (3x – 1)/4 < (2x + 5)/3?

Solution

Multiplying both sides by 12, we obtain

9x – 3 < 8x + 20

x < 23

47.) Write an equation of the line through (-2, 3) and (1,4).

Solution

y – 4 = (1/3)(x – 1)

y – 4 = 1/3x – 1/3

3y = x + 11

y = (x + 11)/3

Answer: y = (x + 11)/3

Solution

Multiplying x + 2y = 13 by -7, we have

-7x – 14y = -91 (*)

7x – 3y = 23 (**)

Adding (*) and (**), we obtain

-17y = -68

y = 4.

Substituting y to x + 2y = 13,

x + 2(4) = 13

x=5

49.) Pete is 12 years old and His grandfather 63 years old. And how many years we’ll be age be

one fourth of his grandfather?

Solution

Let x be the number of years to be added to both ages.

(1/4)(63 + x) = 12 + x

Multiplying both sides by 4,

63 + x = 48 + 4x

3x = 15

x=5

Answer: 5 years

50.) ABC has its coordinates at A(a, -1), B(8, -1), and C(5,4). If the base is twice the height,

find a.

Solution

If we let AB be the base, then the height is the difference between y-coordinate of C and -1. That

is, |4 -(-1)| = 5.

Now, |a – 8| = 2(5) = 10

a – 8 = 10

a = 18

-(a – 8) = 10

8 – a = 10

–a = 2

a = -2

Answers: a = -2 or a = 18

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