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Audit Agency:

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt. Ltd.


Baner, Pune

STRUCTURAL AUDIT

Structural Audit is a preliminary technical survey of a building to assess its general health
as a civil engineering structure. It is usually initiated as the first step for repair. These audits
are a government mandate for every structure as it ages. Some of the main tasks that we do
as a part of structural audit:

 Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings


 Structural General Arrangement Drawings Preparation
 Distress Markings on drawings along with Photo Log
 Non-Destructive Testing & Core Tests
 Structural Analysis and Stability Check by Building Mathematical models
 Final Report on health of structures along with load carrying capacity
 Structural Strengthening/ Repair Strategy
 In detail Drawing, BoQ & Tendering

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045


|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com
STABILITY CERTIFICATION

Stability Certification is a document proof that the mentioned structure is safe, stable and
strong to bear the current operations being carried out in the premises. It is important to
have a Stability certificate under the following circumstances – A mandate by MIDC for
newly constructed facility to prove that it is designed as per latest Indian Standards and is
stable and safe to use for the intended purpose. – A mandate to be followed every 5 years
by “Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health” – As a statutory requirement by MIDC &
DISH in event of any internal or external additions, alterations proposed in the existing
structure.

Procedure for structural Audit

The structural audit will perform in following manner

a. Visual survey
b. Understanding the critical points in the structure
c. Performing Detailed survey for critical parts of structure
d. Modelling the structure for detailed structural analysis
e. Report generation & Certification

1. Visual survey
From the external appearance of the structure, peeling, cracking status, rust fluid and free
lime and the like can be surveyed. It is also conducted as needed before performing a
detailed inspection. Primarily qualitative data is obtained through this type of survey; it
would be most effective if this data could be reflected in performance evaluations of the
structure

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045


|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com
Type of Survey Survey Item

Cracking status Cracking location / width / density


Survey of
external Defects Concrete peeling, etc.
appearance Displacement / deformation

Rust fluid, free lime, discoloration, leakage of water

Performance of materials Concrete strength and modulus of elasticity /


in structure reinforcement strength and modulus of elasticity

Reinforcing bar
Diameter / number / pitch / location (If possible)
arrangement
Survey of
interior Covering

Concrete deterioration Interior cavities / depth of freezing damage

Steel corrosion Occurrence, percentage of steel section loss

Factors causing steel corrosion

Survey of
Foundation conditions Support conditions
foundation

2. Detailed survey-Non-Destructive Testing:


After understanding the problem with the structure and critical in the structure, Non-
Destructive Testing will be performed on beams and columns at the selected locations to
determine the concrete quality of the structure. Following ND Tests will be performed.
a. Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test
b. Rebound Hammer Test
c. Core Cutting Test
d. Half-cell Potential Meter Test
e. Carbonation Test

a. Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test:

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045


|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com
Measurement of ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) is a means of assessing variations in the
apparent strength of concrete. UPV equipment is also used for detecting the presence of
voids, honeycombing or other discontinuities.

b. Rebound Hammer:
The rebound (Schmidt) hammer is one of the oldest and best-known methods of comparing
the concrete in different parts of a structure and indirectly assessing concrete strength. It is
actually a measure of surface hardness. The rebound hammer should be considered as a
means of assessing variations of strength within a structure rather than an accurate means
of assessing strength.

c. Core Cutting:
To verify the NDT and to get the actual compressive strength core tests were carried out.
The results of which will be summarized in detail.

d. Half-cell Potential Meter Test


To detect corrosion in reinforcement bars half-cell potential meter test will be carried out.
The results of which will be summarised in details.

e. Carbonation Test of concrete

Carbonation is a serious problem for many reinforced concrete buildings that have been in
service for some decades. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, when it comes into contact
with concrete, starts off chemical reactions which tend to reduce the concrete’s protective
effect on its reinforcements. It is an invisible and often underrated phenomenon because it
can be easily confused with other better-known ones, but it is inevitable and arduous to
remedy. Carbonation is a precursory condition for corrosion, which will take place when
there is oxygen and water present. Expansion due to corrosion reduces adhesion to the
concrete, and is a risk for the safety factors on which the structural planning is based.

3. Modelling the structure for detailed structural analysis

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045


|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com
After performing the visual survey and taking the measurement of the structure, if the
structure detailed study for further construction to be done. Then detailed modelling and
analysis is done to check the liability of structure to sustained further load. If the structure
is not passed to sustained the further load, then what strengthening to be done for its liability
will be given accordingly.

4. Report generation and Certification


After performing the visual survey and detailed survey we will generate the report for the
same in which observations about the structure and test reports will be there. If the structure
comes under the norms of Indian standards, stability certificate will be provided or else
conditional stability certificates with the required repair procedure will be provided.
Stability Certification is a document proof that the mentioned structure is safe, stable and
strong to bear the current and further operations being carried out in the premises will be
provided.

Flow chart for Structural Audit

Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045


|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com
Salt Design & Infra Services Pvt.Ltd.|Baner, Pune – 411045
|www.saltinfra.com|+91-02065330588|design@saltinfra.com