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Mantenimiento y

reparación de
equipos de
rayos X
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MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X
1

Registros de equipos de rayos X

Room function Room No

X-ray generator

Manufacturer Model No

Serial No Supplier

Date installed Warranty expires?

Maximum kVp Maximum mA

Generador tipo:Mono fase Trifasico Mobil

Inverter/high frequency Portátil AEC incluido?

Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)


Operation Installation Service Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams

tubo rayos- X
Modelo
Fabricante No

Serial No Suplidor
Fecha
instalado Garantía expira?

Máximo kVp KW promedio

Foco long. Ancho focal Foco fino

Operación Alta o Baja velocidad?

Manuales suministrados.(Incluye número de publicación)


Operación Instalación Rating charts
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GRÁFICOS, HOJAS DE VERIFICACIÓN Y HOJAS DE REGISTRO
2

X-ray tube suspension


Manufacturer Model No
Serial No Supplier
Fecha
instalado Warranty expires?
Mounting Floor/Ceiling Tomography attachment?
Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)
Operation Installation Service Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams

Colimador
Fabricante

Model No
Serial No Supplier
Date installed Warranty expires?
Rotating/fixed Light switch,Clockwork/Electronic
Globe type/part No Spare globe supplied?
Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)
Operation Installation Parts list

Table
Manufacturer Model No
Serial No Supplier
Date installed Warranty expires?
Table movements.Fixed Longitudinal Lateral
Elevating Tilting Integral with tube stand
Potter-Bucky,YES/NO Oscillating or fixed grid
Grid ratio Lines Focal range
Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)
Operation Installation Service Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams
MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X
3

Upright Potter-Bucky
Manufacturer Model No
Serial No Supplier
Date installed Warranty expires?
Grid ratio Lines Focal range Fixed/oscillating
Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)
Operation Installation Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams

Fluoroscopy table
Manufacturer Model No
Serial No Supplier
Date installed Warranty expires?
Table angulation: 90/15 90/30 90/60 90/90
Fluorescent screen? Image intensifier? TV?
Potter-Bucky,YES/NO Oscillating or fixed grid
Grid ratio Lines Focal range
Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)
Operation Installation Service Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams

Stationary grids
Manufacturer Supplier Model Serial No Grid Grid Date
ratio Lines Supplied

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GRÁFICOS, HOJAS DE VERIFICACIÓN Y HOJAS DE REGISTRO

Film processor

Manufacturer Model No

Serial No Supplier

Date installed Warranty expires?

Processor type:Bench top? Floor mounted?

Daylight loading? Processing time

Manuals supplied.(Include publication number)


Operation Installation Service Circuits/connection Parts list
diagrams
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
5

Solicitud de servicio

Equipment requiring service. Date


Make Model Serial No
Location. Reported by
Service required: Routine maintenance Calibration Repair

In case of an equipment fault or problem,provide a full description of the symptoms.

Describe any tests or adjustments carried out,and the results obtained.

Service request made by Department


Phone No Date Request order No
Service Company Representative
Address

Phone No Fax No
Service Company job No Attendance date
Are any parts or additional service required?

E
Completion date
GRÁFICOS, HOJAS DE VERIFICACIÓN Y HOJAS DE REGISTRO

Registro de mantenimiento y
reparación de equipos

Habitación o equipo No

Fecha Requirement Action Performed Reference


by No
WORKBOOK MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X
7

Lista de comprobación de
mantenimiento de rutina Generador
de rayos X: instalación fija
Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Power ‘OFF’ Knobs and switches
Function labels
Meter ‘Zero’
Cleanliness.
Power ‘ON’ Indicator lamps.
Digital readouts.
Mains voltage
compensation
X-ray tube Maximum anode load (Broad Focus)
overload
(Fine Focus)
protection
Maximum kV
Minimum kV
MA Calibration By mA meter
By mAs meter
By other technique.
Filament pre-heat test.
Radiation With added
consistency preparation time.
With minimum
preparation time.
Radiation linearity At 60~70kV
At 90~100kV
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last routine


maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring further attention.

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LISTA DE CONTROL DE MANTENIMIENTO RUTINARIO
8

Generador de rayos X: unidad móvil


Realizado
Unit/Serial No Inspection date por

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Atención requerida
NA = No se aplica
Power ‘OFF’ Knobs and switches.
Function labels.
Meter ‘Zero’
Cleanliness.
Loose panels or screws.
Vertical suspension
wire rope.
Bearings.
Lubrication.
Manual locks.
Mobile brakes.
HT cables.
Electrical cables.
Plugs,sockets.
Battery water.
Power ‘ON’ Indicator lamps.
Digital readouts.
Mains voltage
compensation.
Electromagnetic locks.
Battery charge indication.
Power assist drive
Anti-crash bumper.
X-ray tube Overload protection. (Broad Focus)
(Fine Focus)
Oil leaks.
Bearing noise.
MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X
9

Collimator Collimator timer.


Collimator scale /
knob alignment.
X-ray to light beam
alignment.
As above,but +/-
90 deg’rotation.
MA Calibration By mA meter.
By mAs meter.
By other technique. (Refer installation/service manual)
Filament pre-heat test.
Radiation With added preparation
consistency time.
With minimum
preparation time.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring


further attention.

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
10

X-ray generator: Capacitor discharge mobile


Unit/Serial No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required.
NA = Does not apply
Power ‘OFF’ Knobs and switches
Function labels.
Meter ‘Zero’.
Cleanliness.
Loose panels or screws.
Vertical suspension
wire rope.
Bearings.
Lubrication.
Manual locks.
Mobile brakes.
HT cables and cable
ends.
Electrical cables.
Plugs,sockets.
Battery water.
Power ‘ON’ Indicator lamps.
Digital readouts.
Mains voltage (Only some units)
adjustment.
60kV charge.
kV ‘Top-up’.
90kV charge.
Reset,90kV to 60kV.
Electromagnetic locks.
Battery charge
indication.
Power assist drive
‘Anti-crash’bumper.
MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X

11

X-ray tube Oil leaks.


Bearing noise.
Collimator Collimator timer.
Collimator scale
alignment.
X-ray to light beam
alignment.
As above,but +/-
90 deg’rotation.
Collimator ‘Dark
Current’shutter.
mAs Calibration By kV fall.
By other technique. (Refer installation/service manual)
Radiation Using step-wedge.
consistency Using water phantom.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring further


attention.

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. LISTA DE CONTROL DE MANTENIMIENTO RUTINARIO

12

X-ray generator: Portable


Unit/Serial No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required.
NA = Does not apply
Power ‘OFF’ Knobs and switches.
Function labels.
Meter ‘Zero’
Cleanliness.
Loose panels or screws.
Height adjustment
system.
Bearings.
Lubrication.
Manual locks.
Electrical cables.
Power ‘ON’ Indicator lamps.
Line voltage adj.
X-ray tube head Oil leaks.
Collimator Collimator timer.
Scale accuracy.
X-ray to light
beam alignment.
As above,but +/-
90 deg’rotation.
MA Calibration By mA meter.
By other technique. (Refer installation/service manual)
Radiation Using step-wedge.
consistency Using water phantom.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since


last routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring


further attention.
MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X

13

X-ray tube stand


Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Mechanical and Suspension wire rope.
electrical inspection. Vertical movement

Floor ceiling tube bearings.


stand version Vertical guide rails.
Clean floor track &
check bearings.
Lubrication.
Ceiling rail bearings.
Mechanical and Manual locks.
electrical inspection. Electromagnetic locks.

All versions of tube Lateral centre;table


stands. Bucky.
Lateral centre;wall
Bucky.
Electrical cables.
HT cables.
Command Arm Trunnion ring rotation
lock.
Indicator lamps and
switches.
Bucky centre light.
Function labels.
Focal spot to Bucky
distance.
Angulation indicator.
Cleanliness.
Other areas for
attention.

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring


further attention.
LISTA DE CONTROL DE MANTENIMIENTO RUTINARIO

14

X-ray tube

Room No Inspection date Performed by


Tube model No Serial No Tube position,UT OT

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required.
NA = Does not apply
X-ray tube. Rotation in trunnion
rings.
Loose attachments.
Electrical cables.
HT cable earth shield
at cable end.
Loose HT cable ends.
Cables HT no
estirados
como tubo girado.

Fugas de aceite.

Ruido en Rodamientos
Tubo de rayos X
'envejecimiento' ¿Llevado a cabo?

Cualquier inestabilidad?

Otras áreas para


atención

Problemas no corregidos desde la última


vez
Verificación de mantenimiento de rutina.
Fallas o problemas
que requieren
Más atención.
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
15

Over-table collimator

Room No Inspection date Performed by


Collimator globe type No

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
General Electrical cables.
maintenance Lamp timer.
Light beam intensity.
Spare globe in stock?
Collimator blades
do not slip when
adj’knob released.
Alignment Crosshair centre.
tests Bucky centre light.
Collimator field size
scale & knob alignment.
Alignment of light
field to X-ray beam.
As above,collimator
rotated 90 degrees.
As above,collimator
rotated minus 90
degrees.
Other areas for
attention.

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring


further attention.

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
16

The Bucky table and vertical Bucky


Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Bucky Table Tabletop movement.
Magnetic locks.
Switches and indicator
lamps.
Lateral centre stop.
Profile rail screws.
Lubrication.
Clean & polish.
Table Bucky Bucky movement.
Bucky lock.
Electrical cables.
Cable support arm.
Lubricate track.
Lost markers?
Tray handle not loose.
Tray cleanliness
Grid oscillation.
Vertical Bucky Lost markers? (Remove
front cover to check).
Electrical cable.
Tray handle not loose.
Tray cleanliness.
Grid oscillation.
Vertical lock.
Clean & lubricate
vertical track.
Rotation or tilt lock.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
17

Tomography attachment

Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Mechanical and Loose or missing
electrical inspectionscrews.
Connecting cables,
plugs and sockets.
Tube-stand rotation
lock ‘off’.
Bucky lock ‘off’.
Bucky movement.
Coupling arm
bearings & pivot points.
Coupling arm clamp.
Fulcrum height
adjustment.
Compression band
Cleanliness.
Operation test. No slipping.
Tube stand travel Stop position ok.
No jerking.
Performance test Layer height
calibration.
Image sharpness.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
18

Fluoroscopy table
Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Mechanical and Loose panels or fittings.
electrical inspection. Suspension cables
or chains.
Electrical cables.
Spot filmer movement
from ‘Park’to ‘Operate’
Image intensifier (Demountable units)
balance.
Image intensifier (Demountable units)
mounting clamp.
Spot filmer radiation
shield.
Lost film markers?
Undertable Bucky. (See 5.1 Bucky Table & Wall Bucky)
Footrest.
Operation test, Locks.
table body. Switches and indicator
lamps.
Function labels.
Tabletop movement.
Tabletop centre stop.
Table tilt vertical.
Table tilt
Trendelenburg.
Electrical cables not
pulled when table tilts
or spot filmer moves.
Power assistance.
Anti-crash device.
Compression lock
safety release.
Spot filmer vertical
balance.
As above,table vertical
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
19

Operation Compression cone


test,spot movement
filmer. Manual ‘close to film’
shutters.(Basic tables).
Manual cassette
movement.(Basic
tables).
Manual cassette flm
format.(Basic tables).
Motorized cassette.
‘In’‘Out’movement.
Motorized cassette
film format.
X-ray beam Table horizontal.(Test
alignment in ‘four spot’mode).
As above,table vertical.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check.

Faults or problems requiring further


attention.

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
20

Fluoroscopy TV systems
Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Mechanical and II balance when
electrical inspection,dismounted.
Image Intensifier Vertical movement.
Ceiling suspension travel.
Electrical cables.
Knobs and switches
Function labels.
Mechanical and Electrical cables.
electrical inspection, Coaxial cable and
TV system connectors.
Is 75ohm switch in
correct position?
Monitor fastened to
monitor trolley.
Image sharpness Record the value of resolution obtained.
For large field.
For medium field.
For small field.
Automatic Auto kV or mA,
brightness control. with 3.0cm water.
Auto kV or mA,
with 18.0cm water.
Camera control only
with 5.0cm water.
Camera control only.
kV towards 100kV with
5.0cm water.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
21

Automatic exposure control

Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Drift test,for long Centre chamber
exposure times. Left chamber
Right chamber
Table Bucky,film Set ~90kV and 18cm Record film Record AEC exposure
density. water. Density. time.
Centre chamber
Left chamber
Right chamber

Record exposure factors.


kV mA Backup time Cassette used

Table Bucky,kV Set ~60kV and 10cm Record film Record AEC exposure
tracking. water. Density. time.
Centre chamber
Left chamber
Right chamber
Record exposure factors used.

kV mA Backup time Cassette used

Table Bucky,short Low mA


time compensation. exposure
High mA
exposure
Record exposure factors used.
kV Low mA High mA AEC exposure time for high mA

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
22

Wall Bucky,film Set ~90kV and Record film Record AEC exposure
density ~18cm of water Density. time.
Centre chamber
Left chamber
Right chamber

Record exposure factors used.


kV mA Backup time Cassette used Water Phantom

Fluoroscopy Table. Set ~90kV and Record film Record AEC exposure
Spot Filmer AEC 18cm water. Density. time.
Centre chamber
Dual chambers
Other areas
for attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention.
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
23

The X-ray room


Room No Inspection date Performed by

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Accessories. Foam wedges
Sandbags
Patient markers
Callipers

Radiation Lead rubber gowns


protection. Lead rubber aprons
/ patient protection
‘Radiation’door (Should operate on prep’as well as expose)
warning light.
Radiation leakage
in operator area.
The room. Lighting.
Ventilation.
Air conditioning.
Sufficient shelves
or storage area.
Patient cubicles.
Tidiness
Cleanliness
General condition (Is this a pleasant area for a patient?)
of wall paint,floor
covering etc.
Other areas for
attention

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention

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APPENDIX D. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
24

Automatic film processor

Processor No Inspection date Performed by


Developer type Developer temperature Cycle time
Developer replenishment rate Fixer replenishment rate
Water temperature

✓ = Pass
Area ✗ = Fail Attention required
NA = Does not apply
Chemistry Developer temp’
Water temp’
Developer replenish’rate
Fixer replenishment rate.
Water flow
Chemistry supply Developer specific gravity
tank Fixer specific gravity
Chemistry appearance
Cleaning Feed tray
Cross over rollers
Deep racks
Foreign matter (algae)

Filters replaced Water (each month)


Developer (6~12 months)
Rack sections, Looseness & geometry
drive systems. Shaft retainers,gear wear.
Helical gear looseness
Drive motor chain tension
Abnormal noise
Replenishment P/E film detection system
system Replenisher solenoid valve
function
Replenisher pump function
Circulation pump function
X-RAY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS WORKBOOK
25

Dryer Temperature
System check
Plumbing Chemical supply hose leaks
Water supply
General Microswitch (lid in place)
items Panel fit,light leaks.
Audible warning signal

Problems not corrected since last


routine maintenance check

Faults or problems requiring


further attention
Service request made by Department
Phone No Date Request order No
Service Company Representative
Address

Phone No Fax No
Registros de equipos de rayos X

Función de la habitación Habitación No

Generador de rayos X
Modelo del fabricante No
Serial Sin Proveedor

Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?

Máximo kVp Máximo mA

Generador tipo: Mono fase Trifasico Mobil

Inversor / alta frecuencia Portátil AEC incluido?

Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Instalación Circuitos de servicio / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

tubo rayos- X
Fabricante Modelo No
Serie No Suplidor
Fecha instalado Garantía expira?
Máximo kVp KW promedio
Foco largo. Ancho focal Foco fino

Operación Alta o Baja velocidad?

Manuales provistos. (Incluye número de publicación)

Gráficos de evaluación de Operación Instalación

mi

GRÁFICOS, HOJAS DE VERIFICACIÓN Y HOJAS DE REGISTRO

Suspensión del tubo de rayos X


Modelo del fabricante No
Serial Sin Proveedor
Fecha instalada ¿La garantía vence?
Montaje de tomas de tomografía de piso / techo?
Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Instalación Circuitos de servicio / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

Colimador
Fabricante

N º de Modelo
Serial Sin Proveedor
Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?
Interruptor de luz giratorio / fijo, mecanismo / electrónico
Tipo de globo / pieza No ¿Se suministra globo de repuesto?
Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Lista de piezas de instalación

Mesa
Modelo del fabricante No
Serial Sin Proveedor
Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?
Movimientos de mesa. Lateral longitudinal fijo
Elevación inclinable Integral con soporte de tubo
Potter-Bucky, SÍ / NO Rejilla oscilante o fija
Coeficiente de rejilla Alcance focal

Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Instalación Circuitos de servicio / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X

Upright Potter-Bucky
Modelo del fabricante No

Serial Sin Proveedor

Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?

Coeficiente de rejilla Líneas Alcance focal Fijo / oscilante

Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Funcionamiento Circuitos de instalación / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

Tabla de fluoroscopia
Modelo del fabricante No

Serial Sin Proveedor

Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?

Tabla de angulación: 90/15 90/30 90/60 90/90


¿Pantalla fluorescente? Intensificador de imagen? ¿TELEVISIÓN?

Potter-Bucky, SÍ / NO Rejilla oscilante o fija

Coeficiente de rejilla Alcance focal

Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Instalación Circuitos de servicio / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

Rejillas estacionarias

Fabricante Proveedor Modelo Serie Sin Cuadrícula Cuadrícula Fecha


ratio Líneas suministradas

GRÁFICOS, HOJAS DE VERIFICACIÓN Y HOJAS DE REGISTRO

Procesador de película
Modelo del fabricante No

Serial Sin Proveedor

Fecha de instalación ¿La garantía vence?

Tipo de procesador: Bench top? ¿Montado en el piso?

Carga de la luz del día? Tiempo de procesamiento

Manuales suministrados. (Incluir número de publicación)

Operación Instalación Circuitos de servicio / conexión Lista de piezas


Diagramas

MANUAL DE MANTENIMIENTO Y REPARACIÓN DE EQUIPOS DE RAYOS X

5
Solicitud de servicio

Equipo que requiere servicio. Fecha


Hacer modelo de serie no

Ubicación. Reportado por

Servicio requerido: mantenimiento de rutina Calibración Reparación

En caso de falla o problema del equipo, proporcione una descripción completa de los síntomas.

Solicitud de servicio realizada por el Departamento


Teléfono No Fecha Solicitar pedido No
Representante de la empresa de servicios
Dirección

Teléfono No Fax No
Trabajo
Service de la empresa
Company de servicio Sin fecha de asistencia
job No Attendance date