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2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 1 of 10

QUESTION 1 [15]
dy
1.1 Determine of the following:
dx
1.1.1 y  earcsin 4 x  tan(cosh 1 x) . Show all your steps.
(4)

dy 4 1
 earcsin 4 x  sec2 (cosh 1 x)
dx 1  16 x 2
x2 1

   

1.1.2 tan 1 (3 y 2 )  2 xy   .
(5)

6 yy '
  2 y  2 xy '   OR f  x, y   tan 1 (3 y 2 )  2 xy   
1 9 y4

6 yy '
 2 xy '  2 y f x  2 y 
1 9 y4

6y 6y
y '(  2 x)  2 y  fy   2x 
1 9 y4 1 9 y4

dy 2y y  9 y5 dy 2y y  9 y5
     
dx 6y
 2 x 3 y  x  9 xy 4 dx 6y
 2 x 3 y  x  9 xy 4
1 9 y4 1 9 y4

Open Rubric
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 2 of 10

1.2 A manufacturer wants to design a closed box having a square base and a surface area of 100 m2.
Determine the maximum volume produced. Round the answer off to 2 decimals.
(6)
A  2 x  4 xy  100,
2
 V x y
2

100  2 x 2
25 x
y   
4x x 2

25 x x3
V  x (  )  25 x 
2

x 2 2
dV 3x 2
 25  0 
dx 2
50 50 25
x2  x  4.08 m, y   4.08 m 
3 3 50
3
3
The maximum volume is 68.04 m 

QUESTION 2 [8]
The parametric equations of a graph are x  2sin 3t and y  1  cos3t .

dy d2y
2.1 Determine and . Simplify the answers.
dx dx 2
(5)

dx dy
 6 cos 3t ,   3sin 3t 
dt dt

dy 3sin 3t 1
  tan 3t 
dx 6cos 3t 2

d  dy  3 2
d y dt  dx  2
2 sec 3t
1
2
   sec3 3t 
dx dx 6 cos 3t 4
dt

2.2 Compute the Cartesian coordinates and the gradient of the curve at t  . Round your answers off to
4
three decimals. (3)

    2 2
x  2sin 3    2  1.414  y  1  cos 3     1.707  Coordinates:
4 4 2
(1.414;1.707)

1  
m  tan 3    0.5 
4 2 4
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 3 of 10

QUESTION 3 [13]
3.1 Use the Newton Raphson method to determine the root of equation x  tan x with initial guess of

x0  4.6 . Round the answer off to 4 decimals.

(5)

f ( x)  x  tan x f '( x)  1  sec2 x 

( xn  tan xn )
xn 1  xn  
(1  sec2 xn )

x0  4.6

x1  4.54573
x2  4.50615
x3  4.49417 
x4  4.49341
x5  4.49341

The root is x5  4.4934 

Determine the 6th term only of the Binomial expansion of 1  3sin   . Simplify your answer.
10
3.2
(3)

  
10  5
T6    1  3sin    61236sin 5 
5

5
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 4 of 10

3.3 Determine the first three non-zero terms of the series for f ( x)  xe x by applying Maclaurin’s
theorem.
(5)
x
f ( x)  xe f (0)  0
x x
f '( x)  e  xe f '(0)  1 
x x
f ''( x)  2e  xe f ''(0)  2 
x x
f '''( x)  3e  xe f '''(0)  3 
2
x x3
f ( x)  f (0)  f '(0) x  f ''(0)  f '''(0)  ...
2! 3!
3
x
 x  x2  
2

QUESTION 4 [14]

4.1 Consider the function f  x; y   2  x 2  xy  y 2 .

4.1.1 Determine all the first and second order derivatives of f .


(5)
f x  2 x  y  f y  x  2 y 

f xx  2  f yy  2  f xy  f yx  1 

4.1.2 Determine the stationary point(s) and their nature (minimum, maximum or saddle point).
(5)

f x  2 x  y  0  y  2 x
f y   x  2 y  0   x  4 x  0  x  0 and y  0 

For (x, y) = (0,0): D  ( f xx )( f yy )  ( f xy )2  2(2)  (1)2  3  0 & f xx  0  maximum


  
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 5 of 10

E2
4.2 The power consumed in an electrical resistor is given by P  watts . If E  150 volts and
R
R  9 ohms, by how much does the power change if E decreases by 7 volts and R is decreased by
0.3 ohms.
(4)

P P
P   E    R  
E R

2E E2
  E   2  R  
R R

 7      0.3  150 
2(150) 150

9  9 

The power is reduced by approximately 150 watts. 

QUESTION 5 [12]
Determine the following integrals:

e
2sin 3 x
5.1 cos3xdx

(2)

1 2sin 3 x e2sin 3 x
 e (6cos3x)dx   C 
6 6
Deduct 1 mark if “c” is missing here only

 tan
1
5.2 xdx by using integration by parts.

(4)

u  tan 1 x dv  dx
1 
du  dx vx
1  x2 S D I
+ tan 1 x 1
 1 
 tan xdx  uv   vdu  x tan 1 x   x 
1
2 
dx  - 1 x
 1 x  1  x2

1
x tan 1 x  ln 1  x 2  c 
2
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 6 of 10

 tan
2
5.3 xdx

(3)

  (sec2 x  1)dx 

= tan x – x + C 

x3
5.4  1  x2
dx

(3)

x 3
  dx 
1  x2 1  x2

  1  x2  3arcsin x  C 

QUESTION 6 [14]

6.1 Evaluate 0
sin xdx numerically using 4 strips and the trapezium rule. Round the final answer off to

4 decimals. (6)


h= 
4

 y0  y4  2  y1  y2  y3 
 h
 0
sin xdx =
2



  2 2  
 4 0  0  2  1   
2  2 2  

= 1.8961 

n 0 1 2 3 4
x 0   3 
4 2 4
sinx 0 2 1 2 0
 0.7071  0.7071
2 2


2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 7 of 10

6.2 Determine the following integral by using partial fractions:

5 x3  3x 2  7 x  3
 ( x2  1)2 dx
(8)

5 x3  3x 2  7 x  3 Ax  B Cx  D
 2  
( x 2  1)2 x  1  x 2  12

5 x3  3x 2  7 x  3 ( Ax  B)( x 2  1)  Cx  D

( x 2  1) 2  x2  1
2

5 x3  3x 2  7 x  3  Ax3  Bx 2  ( A  C ) x  B  D

x3 : 5  A 

x 2 : 3  B 

x :7  AC  C  2 

x0 : 3  B  D  D  0 

5 x3  3x 2  7 x  3 5x  3 2x
 ( x2  1)2 dx   x2  1 dx  x2  1 2 dx
 
dx 5 2 xdx 2x
 3   2  dx
x  1 2 x  1  x 2  12
2

5 1
 3arctan x  ln x 2  1  2 C
2 x 1
  
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 8 of 10

QUESTION 7 [10]
t
7.1 Determine the mean value y for y  3sin   between t = 0 and t = π. Show ALL your steps and
2
round the answer off to four decimals. (4)

1  t
y
 0 0
3sin   dt
2

1 t
 [6 cos ]0 
 2

6 
 [cos  cos 0] 
 2

6
  1.9099 

7.2 If y  3cos 2t ,    t   determine the RMS-value of the function. Show ALL steps. Round the
final answer off to 4 decimals.

(6)
1  9 
 RMS    3cos 2t  dt    cos
2 2
 2
2tdt 
  ( )   2 

9  1

2   2 [1  cos 4t ]dt

9 1
 [t  sin 4t ] 
4 4

9 9
 [  0  ( )]  
4 2

3
RMS =  2.1213 
2
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 9 of 10

QUESTION 8 [8]
Solve the following differential equations and make y the subject.

8.1 xy ' y  x 2  1

(4)
dy 1 1
 y  x 
dx x x
1
 x dx
Re  eln x  x 

1
xy   x( x  )dx 
x

1 3
xy  x  xC
3

1 C
y  x2  1  
3 x

dy
8.2  e2 x e y
dx

(4)
dy
e y
   e2 x dx 

1 1
e y  e2 x  C  e y   e2 x  C
2 2
 

 1 
 y  ln   e2 x  C  
 2 

 1 
y  ln   e2 x  C  
 2 
2017A Exam C: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 MEMO Page 10 of 10

QUESTION 9 [6]
According to Newton’s law of cooling, the rate at which a substance cools in moving air is proportional to
the difference between the temperature of the substance and that of the air. If the temperature of the air is
250C and the substance cools from 1000C to 800C in 15 minutes, calculate how long it will take for the
substance to reach a temperature of 400C.

dT
Hint:  T  Tm
dt

dT
 k (T  25), T (0)  100, T (15)  80 
dt

dT
 T  25  k  dt
ln(T  25)  kt  c 

T (0)  100 : c  ln 75  4.317 

T (15)  80 : ln 55  15k  ln 75,  k  151 ln 55


75  15 ln 15  0.020677
1 11

 1 11 
 ln(T  25)   ln 15  t  ln 75 
 15 

T(40):  ln(40  25)   151 ln 15


11
 t  ln 75
15
15ln( )
ln(15)  ln(75) 75  77.84 min 
t 
1 11 11
( 15 ln ) ln
15 15

TOTAL 100