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A Voyage through Equations

Name ______________________ Per. ______

Section 1: Identify the type of reaction


For the following reactions, indicate whether the following are examples of synthesis(S),
decomposition(D), combustion(C), single displacement(SD) or double displacement(DD).

1) Na3PO4 + 3 KOH  3 NaOH + K3PO4 _____________

2) MgCl2 + Li2CO3  MgCO3 + 2 LiCl _____________

3) C6H12 + 9 O2  6 CO2 + 6 H2O _____________

4) Pb + FeSO4  PbSO4 + Fe _____________

5) CaCO3  CaO + CO2 _____________

6) P4 + 3 O2  2 P2O3 _____________

7) 2 RbNO3 + BeF2  Be(NO3)2 + 2 RbF _____________

8) 2 AgNO3 + Cu  Cu(NO3)2 + 2 Ag _____________

9) C3H6O + 4 O2  3 CO2 + 3 H2O _____________

10) 2 C5H5 + Fe  Fe(C5H5)2 _____________

11) SeCl6 + O2  SeO2 + 3Cl2 _____________

12) 2 MgI2 + Mn(SO3)2  2 MgSO3 + MnI4 _____________

13) 2 NO2  2 O2 + N2 _____________

14) C6H6 + __ O2  __ H2O + __ CO2 (Balance this one) _____________


Five Types of Chemical Reaction Worksheet
Balance the following reactions and indicate which of the five types of chemical reaction are
being represented:

1) ____ NaBr + ____ Ca(OH)2  ___ CaBr2 + ____ NaOH

Type of reaction: _____________________________

2) ____ NH3+ ____ H2SO4  ____ (NH4)2SO4

Type of reaction: _____________________________

3) ____ C5H9O + ____ O2  ____ CO2 + ____ H2O

Type of reaction: _____________________________

4) ____ Pb + ____ H3PO4  ____ H2 + ____ Pb3(PO4)2

Type of reaction: _____________________________

5) ____ Li3N + ____ NH4NO3  ___ LiNO3 + ___ (NH4)3N

Type of reaction: _____________________________

6) ____ HBr + ___ Al(OH)3 

Type of reaction: _____________________________

7) What’s the main difference between the reactants of a double displacement reaction and a
the reactants of a single displacement reaction?

8) Combustion reactions always have one reactant and two products in the reaction that
remain the same what are they?
Section 2: Practicing equation balancing
Before you can write a balanced equation for a problem which asks you to predict the products of a reaction,
you need to know how to balance an equation. Because some of you may not fully remember how to balance an
equation, here are some practice problems: REACTION TYPE

1) __ C6H6 + __ O2  __ H2O + __ CO2 ______________________

2) __ NaI + __ Pb(SO4)2  __ PbI4 + __ Na2SO4 _________________

3) __ NH3 + __ O2 __ NO + __ H2O _________________

4) __ Fe(OH)3  __ Fe2O3 + __ H2O _________________

5) __ HNO3 + __ Mg(OH)2  __H2O + __ Mg(NO3)2 _________________

6) __ H3PO4 + __ NaBr  __ HBr + __ Na3PO4 _________________

7) __ C + __ H2  __ C3H8 _________________

8) __ CaO + __ MnI4  __ MnO2 + __ CaI2 _________________

9) __ Fe2O3 + __ H2O  __ Fe(OH)3 _________________

10) __ C2H2 + __ H2  __ C2H6 _________________

11) __ VF5 + __ HI  __ V2I10 + __ HF _________________

12) __ OsO4 + __ PtCl4  __ PtO2 + __ OsCl8 _________________

13) __ CF4 + __ Br2  __ CBr4 + __ F2 _________________

14) __ Hg2I2 + __ O2  __ Hg2O + __ I2 _________________


15) __ Y(NO3)2 + __ GaPO4  __ YPO4 + __ Ga(NO3)2 _________________

Worksheet: Writing/Predicting Equations


Write balanced equations for the following reactions (start with the skeleton equation)

1) The reaction of ammonia with iodine to form nitrogen triiodide (NI 3) and hydrogen gas.

2) The combustion of propane (C3H8).

3) The incomplete combustion of propane (C 3H8) to form CO and water.

4) The reaction of nitric acid with potassium hydroxide.

5) The reaction of copper (II) oxide with hydrogen to form copper metal and water.

6) The reaction of iron metal with oxygen to form iron (III) oxide.

7) The complete combustion of butane (C4H10) in oxygen.

8) The reaction of AlBr3 with Mg(OH)2

9) The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to form water and oxygen.


Section 3: Predicting the products of chemical reactions

Predict the products of the following reactions:

1) __ Ag + __CuSO4  Type:_______

2) __ NaI + __ CaCl2  Type:_______

3) __ O2 + __ H2  Type:_______

4) __ HNO3 + __ Mn(OH)2  Type:_______

5) __ AgNO2 + __ BaSO4  Type:_______

6) __ HCN + __ CuSO4  Type:_______

7) __ H2O + __ AgI  Type:_______

8) __ HNO3 + __Fe(OH)3  Type:_______

9) __ LiBr + __ Co(SO3)2  Type:_______

10) __ LiNO3 + __Ag  Type:_______

11) __ N2 + __ O2  Type:_______

12) __ H2CO3  Type:_______


13) __ AlCl3 + __ Cs  Type:_______

14) __ Al(NO3)3 + __ Ga  Type:_______

15) __ H2SO4 + __ NH4OH  Type:_______

16) __ CH3COOH + __ O2  Type:_______

17) __ C4H8 + __ O2  Type:_______

18) __ KCl + __ Mg(OH)2  Type:_______

19) __ Zn + __ Au(NO2)2  Type:_______

20) __ KOH + __ H2SO4  Type:_______

21) __ BaS + __ PtCl2  Type:_______

22) __ Na2O  Type:_______


Five Types of Chemical Reaction Worksheet Answers
Balance the following reactions and indicate which of the six types of chemical reaction are
being represented:

1) 2 NaBr + 1 Ca(OH)2  1 CaBr2 + 2 NaOH


Type of reaction: DD

2) 2 NH3+ 1 H2SO4  1 (NH4)2SO4


Type of reaction: S

3) 4 C5H9O + 27 O2  20 CO2 + 18 H2O


Type of reaction: C

4) 3 Pb + 2 H3PO4  3 H2 + 1 Pb3(PO4)2
Type of reaction: SD

5) 1 Li3N + 3 NH4NO3  3 LiNO3 + 1 (NH4)3N


Type of reaction: DD

6) 3 HBr + 1 Al(OH)3  3 H2O + 1 AlBr3


Type of reaction: DD

7) What’s the main difference between a double displacement


reaction and a single displacement reaction?

SD Start & Finish with 1 compound and 1 element.


DD Start & Finish with 2 compounds
8) Combustion reactions always have one reactant and two
products in the reaction that remain the same what are they?

Reactant O2 Products CO2 and H2O


Worksheet: Writing/Predicting Equations
Write balanced equations for the following reactions (start with the skeleton equation)

1) The reaction of ammonia with iodine to form nitrogen triiodide (NI 3) and hydrogen gas.

2NH3 + 3I2  2NI3 + 3H2

2) The combustion of propane (C3H8).

C3H8 + 5O2  3CO2 + 4H2O

3) The incomplete combustion of propane (C 3H8) to form CO and water.

2C3H8 +7O2  6CO + 8H2O

4) The reaction of nitric acid with potassium hydroxide.

HNO3 + KOH  KNO3 + H2O

5) The reaction of copper (II) oxide with hydrogen to form copper metal and water.

CuO + H2  Cu + H2O
6) The reaction of iron metal with oxygen to form iron (III) oxide.

4Fe + 3O2  2Fe2O3


7) The complete combustion of butane (C4H10) in oxygen.

2C4H10 + 13O2  8CO2 + 10H2O

8) The reaction of AlBr3 with Mg(OH)2

2AlBr3 + 3Mg(OH)2  2Al(OH)3 + 3MgBr2


9) The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to form water and oxygen.

2H2O2  O2 + 2H2O
A Voyage through Equations ANSWER KEY
Section 1: Identify the type of reaction
1) Na3PO4 + 3 KOH  3 NaOH + K3PO4 DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT

2) MgCl2 + Li2CO3  MgCO3 + 2 LiCl DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT

3) C6H12 + 9 O2  6 CO2 + 6 H2O COMBUSTION

4) Pb + FeSO4  PbSO4 + Fe SINGLE DISPLACEMENT

5) CaCO3  CaO + CO2 DECOMPOSITION

6) P4 + 3 O2  2 P2O3 SYNTHESIS

7) 2 RbNO3 + BeF2  Be(NO3)2 + 2 RbF DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT

8) 2 AgNO3 + Cu  Cu(NO3)2 + 2 Ag SINGLE DISPLACEMENT

9) C3H6O + 4 O2  3 CO2 + 3 H2O COMBUSTION

10) 2 C5H5 + Fe  Fe(C5H5)2 SYNTHESIS

11) SeCl6 + O2  SeO2 + 3Cl2 SINGLE DISPLACEMENT

12) 2 MgI2 + Mn(SO3)2  2 MgSO3 + MnI4 DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT

13) 2 NO2  2 O2 + N2 DECOMPOSITION

14) 2 C6H6 + 15 O2  6 H2O + 12 CO2 COMBUSTION


Section 2: Practicing equation balancing Rxn Type

1) 2 C6H6 + 15 O2  6 H2O + 12 CO2 C

2) 4 NaI + 1 Pb(SO4)2  1 PbI4 + 2 Na2SO4 DD

3) 4 NH3 + 5 O2  4 NO + 6 H2O C

4) 2 Fe(OH)3  1 Fe2O3 + 3 H2O D

5) 2 HNO3 + 1 Mg(OH)2  2 H2O + 1 Mg(NO3)2 DD

6) 1 H3PO4 + 3 NaBr  3 HBr + 1 Na3PO4 DD

7) 3 C + 4 H2  1 C3H8 S

8) 2 CaO + 1 MnI4  1 MnO2 + 2 CaI2 DD

9) 1 Fe2O3 + 3 H2O  2 Fe(OH)3 S

10) 1 C2H2 + 2 H2  1 C2H6 S

11) 2 VF5 + 10 HI  1 V2I10 + 10 HF DD

12) 1 OsO4 + 2 PtCl4  2 PtO2 + 1 OsCl8 DD

13) 1 CF4 + 2 Br2  1 CBr4 + 2 F2 SD

14) 2 Hg2I2 + 1 O2  2 Hg2O + 2 I2 SD

15) 1 Y(NO3)2 + 1 GaPO4  1 YPO4 + 1 Ga(NO3)2 DD


Section 3: Predicting the products of chemical reactions

1) 2 Ag + 1 CuSO4  1 Ag2SO4 + 1 Cu Type: SD

2) 2 NaI + 1 CaCl2  2 NaCl + 1 CaI2 Type: DD


3) 1 O 2 + 2 H2  2 H2O Type: S

4) 2 HNO3 + 1 Mn(OH)2  2 H(OH) + 1 Mn(NO3)2 Type: DD

5) 2 AgNO2 + 1 BaSO4  1 Ag2SO4 + 1 Ba(NO2)2 Type: DD

6) 2 HCN + 1 CuSO4  1 H2SO4 + 1 Cu(CN)2 Type: DD

7) 1 H2O + 1 AgI  1 HI + 1 AgOH Type: DD


8) 3 HNO3 + 1 Fe(OH)3  3 H2O + 1 Fe(NO3)3 Type: DD

9) 4 LiBr + 1 Co(SO3)2  2 Li2SO3 + 1 CoBr4 Type: DD

10) 1 LiNO3 + 1 Ag  1 AgNO3 + 1 Li Type: SD

11) 1 N2 + 2 O2  2 NO2 Type: S

12) 1 H2CO3  1 CO2 + 1 H2O Type: D

13) 1 AlCl3 + 3 Cs  3 CsCl + 1 Al Type: SD


14) 1 Al(NO3)3 + 1 Ga  1 Ga(NO3)3 + 1 Al Type: SD
15) 1 H2SO4 + 2 NH4OH  2 HOH + 1 (NH4)2SO4Type: DD

16) 1 CH3COOH + 2 O2  2 CO2 + 2 H2O Type: C

17) 1 C4H8 + 6 O2  4 CO2 + 4 H2O Type: C

18) 2 KCl + 1 Mg(OH)2  2 KOH + 1 MgCl2 Type: DD

19) 1 Zn + 1 Au(NO2)2  1 Zn(NO2)2 + 1 Au Type: SD

20) 2 KOH + 1 H2SO4  1 K2SO4 + 2 H2O Type: DD

21) 1 BaS + 1 PtCl2  1 BaCl2 + 1 PtS Type: DD

22) 2 Na2O  4 Na + 1 O2 Type: D