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# A Voyage through Equations

## Section 1: Identify the type of reaction

For the following reactions, indicate whether the following are examples of synthesis(S),
decomposition(D), combustion(C), single displacement(SD) or double displacement(DD).

## 5) CaCO3  CaO + CO2 _____________

6) P4 + 3 O2  2 P2O3 _____________

## 14) C6H6 + __ O2  __ H2O + __ CO2 (Balance this one) _____________

Five Types of Chemical Reaction Worksheet
Balance the following reactions and indicate which of the five types of chemical reaction are
being represented:

## Type of reaction: _____________________________

7) What’s the main difference between the reactants of a double displacement reaction and a
the reactants of a single displacement reaction?

8) Combustion reactions always have one reactant and two products in the reaction that
remain the same what are they?
Section 2: Practicing equation balancing
Before you can write a balanced equation for a problem which asks you to predict the products of a reaction,
you need to know how to balance an equation. Because some of you may not fully remember how to balance an
equation, here are some practice problems: REACTION TYPE

## 6) __ H3PO4 + __ NaBr  __ HBr + __ Na3PO4 _________________

7) __ C + __ H2  __ C3H8 _________________

## 14) __ Hg2I2 + __ O2  __ Hg2O + __ I2 _________________

15) __ Y(NO3)2 + __ GaPO4  __ YPO4 + __ Ga(NO3)2 _________________

## Worksheet: Writing/Predicting Equations

Write balanced equations for the following reactions (start with the skeleton equation)

1) The reaction of ammonia with iodine to form nitrogen triiodide (NI 3) and hydrogen gas.

## 4) The reaction of nitric acid with potassium hydroxide.

5) The reaction of copper (II) oxide with hydrogen to form copper metal and water.

6) The reaction of iron metal with oxygen to form iron (III) oxide.

## 9) The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to form water and oxygen.

Section 3: Predicting the products of chemical reactions

## Predict the products of the following reactions:

1) __ Ag + __CuSO4  Type:_______

## 2) __ NaI + __ CaCl2  Type:_______

3) __ O2 + __ H2  Type:_______

## 10) __ LiNO3 + __Ag  Type:_______

11) __ N2 + __ O2  Type:_______

## 12) __ H2CO3  Type:_______

13) __ AlCl3 + __ Cs  Type:_______

## 22) __ Na2O  Type:_______

Five Types of Chemical Reaction Worksheet Answers
Balance the following reactions and indicate which of the six types of chemical reaction are
being represented:

## 1) 2 NaBr + 1 Ca(OH)2  1 CaBr2 + 2 NaOH

Type of reaction: DD

## 2) 2 NH3+ 1 H2SO4  1 (NH4)2SO4

Type of reaction: S

## 3) 4 C5H9O + 27 O2  20 CO2 + 18 H2O

Type of reaction: C

4) 3 Pb + 2 H3PO4  3 H2 + 1 Pb3(PO4)2
Type of reaction: SD

## 5) 1 Li3N + 3 NH4NO3  3 LiNO3 + 1 (NH4)3N

Type of reaction: DD

## 6) 3 HBr + 1 Al(OH)3  3 H2O + 1 AlBr3

Type of reaction: DD

## 7) What’s the main difference between a double displacement

reaction and a single displacement reaction?

## SD Start & Finish with 1 compound and 1 element.

DD Start & Finish with 2 compounds
8) Combustion reactions always have one reactant and two
products in the reaction that remain the same what are they?

## Reactant O2 Products CO2 and H2O

Worksheet: Writing/Predicting Equations
Write balanced equations for the following reactions (start with the skeleton equation)

1) The reaction of ammonia with iodine to form nitrogen triiodide (NI 3) and hydrogen gas.

## HNO3 + KOH  KNO3 + H2O

5) The reaction of copper (II) oxide with hydrogen to form copper metal and water.

CuO + H2  Cu + H2O
6) The reaction of iron metal with oxygen to form iron (III) oxide.

## 4Fe + 3O2  2Fe2O3

7) The complete combustion of butane (C4H10) in oxygen.

## 2AlBr3 + 3Mg(OH)2  2Al(OH)3 + 3MgBr2

9) The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to form water and oxygen.

2H2O2  O2 + 2H2O
A Voyage through Equations ANSWER KEY
Section 1: Identify the type of reaction
1) Na3PO4 + 3 KOH  3 NaOH + K3PO4 DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT

## 5) CaCO3  CaO + CO2 DECOMPOSITION

6) P4 + 3 O2  2 P2O3 SYNTHESIS

## 14) 2 C6H6 + 15 O2  6 H2O + 12 CO2 COMBUSTION

Section 2: Practicing equation balancing Rxn Type

## 2) 4 NaI + 1 Pb(SO4)2  1 PbI4 + 2 Na2SO4 DD

3) 4 NH3 + 5 O2  4 NO + 6 H2O C

## 6) 1 H3PO4 + 3 NaBr  3 HBr + 1 Na3PO4 DD

7) 3 C + 4 H2  1 C3H8 S

## 15) 1 Y(NO3)2 + 1 GaPO4  1 YPO4 + 1 Ga(NO3)2 DD

Section 3: Predicting the products of chemical reactions

## 2) 2 NaI + 1 CaCl2  2 NaCl + 1 CaI2 Type: DD

3) 1 O 2 + 2 H2  2 H2O Type: S

## 7) 1 H2O + 1 AgI  1 HI + 1 AgOH Type: DD

8) 3 HNO3 + 1 Fe(OH)3  3 H2O + 1 Fe(NO3)3 Type: DD

## 13) 1 AlCl3 + 3 Cs  3 CsCl + 1 Al Type: SD

14) 1 Al(NO3)3 + 1 Ga  1 Ga(NO3)3 + 1 Al Type: SD
15) 1 H2SO4 + 2 NH4OH  2 HOH + 1 (NH4)2SO4Type: DD