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Annotated Bibliography

U.S. Department of State​. U.S. Department of State, n.d.


https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/chinese-rev​.

This is a run down of major events that had happened in the Chinese Civil War and who was
involved. I used this to explain who were major leaders of each side and to help complete my
time of major events. This source really allows for creating a set timeline and the order of events
that have happened.

U.S. Department of State​. U.S. Department of State, n.d.


https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/paris-peace​.

This is explanation of what the Treaty of Versailles is and it by products with other countries such
as China. I used the photo of the treaty and the informations on my website. While using the
image from here it allowed for contextualization for part of the reason the Chinese Civil War
started.

Bianco, Lucien. ​Origins of the Chinese Revolution: 1915-1949​. Stanford Univ. Pr., 1982.

With in this book it explains the reason for the war starting and what the people occupying certain
areas had to go through such as being blocked off from the rest of China. I used this book to
show what many lower chinese people had to go through such as execution. This really help by
actually talking about the population rather than the major leaders.

Blasko, Dennis J. ​The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century​.
Routledge, 2007.

This article talks about the Red Army and what their role is in today’s current chinese society. I
used this article because it posed interesting facts about the Red Army and what they stand for.
This brings a sense of strength toward the group who would always run away.

Bright, Richard Carl. ​Pain and Purpose in the Pacific: True Reports of War​. Trafford Publishing, 2010.

This is an article that talks about the Japanese invasion on East China’s territory Manchuria. I
used towards the argument of peace that the two political groups had during the brief
intermission. This really showed this Civil war was China’s problem only and will unite against
those who intrude.

Chen, Jian. ​Mao's China and the Cold War​. The Univ. of North Carolina Press, 2007.

This source explains correlations between WWI and the Chinese Civil War. I used information
from this site to complete of timeline. By using this information in my timeline it allowed for a
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better contextualization of when the Chinese Civil War occured.


Esherick, Joseph. ​Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900-1950​. University of
Hawaiʻi Press, 2002.

Within this source it details what current day China is like. I used many of the information given
from this book for my page labeled current relations which talk about their current compromises.
Use of this source allowed for a part of compromise instead just all out war.

Guo, Xuezhi. ​The Ideal Chinese Political Leader a Historical and Cultural Perspective​. Praeger, 2002.

This is an objective source that talks of the view of the political leaders involved in the War. I used
this to see what other groups felt towards each other. This brings in how the people felt.

“History Of The Chinese Communist Army, 1927-1963.” ​The Chinese Red Army, 1927–1963​ (n.d.):
11–17.

This talk about the Chinese Communist Army from when they were created to today. This allows
for a great example of change from the war due the Red Army previously being filled with
commoners such as farmers. From this we get a feel of what it was like back then.

Hu, Jubin. ​Projecting a Nation: Chinese National Cinema before 1949​. Hong Kong University Press,
2003.

This is talking about major changes caused by the war and how it it affect the Chinese
Government. I used from this source facts about change and put them throughout the website. This
allows for a subtle binder of all the information within the website.

Jessup, John E. ​A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985​. Greenwood, 1989.

This is a composed timeline I used to format my own. It gives a sense of chronology.

Klein, Donald W., and Anne Biller. Clark. ​Biographic Dictionary of Chinese Communism: 1921-1965​.
Harvard Univ. Press, 1971.

This talks about how the Chinese Communist Party was founded I used this information towards
what the parties were within the explanation.

Lary, Diana. ​China's Republic​. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

This talks about how the Nationalist Kuomintang Party was founded I used this information
towards what the parties were within the explanation.

Lee, Lai To. ​Trade Unions in China, 1949 to the Present: the Organization and Leadership of the
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All-China Federation of Trade Unions​. Singapore University Press, National University of


Singapore, 1986.

This talks about the current China and how they interact with other countries. I used the
information when they talked of relations between Singapore and China. This allows a for ties
between my base and my thesis.

Lim, Kenneth. “PM Lee and Chinese President Xi Affirm Bilateral Ties.” ​Channel NewsAsia​. Last
modified July 7, 2017.
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/pm-lee-and-chinese-president-xi-affirm-bilatera
l-ties-9010628​.

This is a news article about what they call their own relationship which is “bilateral”. This shows
cooperation between the two which show unity and Compromise.

Lynch, Michael J. ​Mao. ​Getty Images, 2004.

Most photographs belong to Michael Lynch and Getty Images. It allows for action and connection
so the website won’t be a drab.

Macdougall, Colina. “China: The People's Republic of China and Richard Nixon. By Claude A. Buss.
[San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1974. 118 Pp. $2·95.].” ​The China Quarterly​ 66 (1976): 405.

This is an article about China relation with the U.S. during 1976 and who the they supported on
which Singapore was the old Real China.

Manwaring, Max G., and Anthony James. Joes. ​Beyond Declaring Victory and Coming Home: the
Challenges of Peace and Stability Operations​. Praeger, 2000.

This is a documentation of popular quotes from the Chinese Civil War and Political Leaders. This
provided a source of context and shows their mindset.

“Mao Zedong Biography.” ​Encyclopedia of World Biography​.


http://www.notablebiographies.com/Lo-Ma/Mao-Zedong.html​.

This is a the Biography of the leader of the KMT. This imoration used was to explain who he was
giving context.

Mengin, Francoise. ​Cyber China: Reshaping National Identities in the Ages of Information​. Palgrave
Macmillan, 2004.

This article talks about anything political in China from over ninety years ago. I used to clarify
certain points. This created a professional mood of all the politic talk.
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Pye, Lucian W., James Lilley, and Jeffrey Lilley. “China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage,
and Diplomacy in Asia.” ​Foreign Affairs​ 83, no. 3 (2004): 157.

This article talks about anything political in China from over ninety years ago. I used to clarify
certain points. This created a professional mood of all the politic talk.

“Quotations: Nationalism, Republican and Warlord China.” ​Chinese Revolution​. Last modified August
24, 2015. ​http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/quotations-republican-warlord-china/​.

This is a documentation of popular quotes from the Chinese Civil War and Political Leaders. This
provided a source of context and shows their mindset.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Chinese Civil War.” ​Encyclopædia Britannica​. Encyclopædia
Britannica, inc., January 12, 2018. Last modified January 12, 2018.
https://www.britannica.com/event/Chinese-Civil-War​.

This gives us a brief overview of the Chinese Civil war. The Information found went towards the
timeline. This filled in missing plot points that don’t allow for big gaps in the timeline.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Shandong Question.” ​Encyclopædia Britannica​. Encyclopædia


Britannica, inc., February 1, 2018. Last modified February 1, 2018.
https://www.britannica.com/event/Shandong-question​.

This talks about the treaty of Versailles and how it affect Chia leading to the Civil War. I used ost
of this information as a preface of the war and as an explanation of why it happened.

Theodore, De Bary William, Irene Bloom, Wing-tsit Chan, and Joseph Adler. ​Sources of Chinese
Tradition​. Columbia University Press, 1999.

This talks of the Chinese People and how the culture was affected by the war. I used this to talk of
the imprisonment of both sides leading and adding an example of terror.

Wang, Yi Chu. “Sun Yat-Sen.” ​Encyclopædia Britannica​. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., January 17,
2018. Last modified January 17, 2018. ​https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sun-Yat-sen​.

This talks of one of the founding leaders Sun Yat-Sen. I used this to give background to the
political force of one of the main leaders. It brought a sense of who they were.

Westad, Odd Arne. ​Decisive Encounters: the Chinese Civil War, 1946-1950​. Stanford Univ. Press, 2004.

This talks about the resumed portion of the war and how it is considered to be the most important
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part of the war. I used this to help complete my timeline.

Ye, Zhaoyan, and Michael Berry. ​Nanjing 1937: a Love Story.​ Columbia University Press, 2002.

This is a research paper on the love story of a Chinese KMT War prisoner who was taken from his
own family in Kiang, China. The information used was what happened to the prisoner and how he
was treated. This gives it a sense of emotion.

Zarrow, Peter. ​China in War and Revolution, 1895-1949​. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007.

This is a journal paper used to talk about Chinese history for the start of 1895 which include the
war as a main focus point. General information was used from here such as the what territory
belongs to who on the conclusion tab. The information from this source gives us a viable ending to
the War.

Zhang, Chunhou, and C. Edwin. Vaughan. ​Mao Zedong as Poet and Revolutionary Leader: Social and
Historical Perspectives​. Lexington Books, 2002.

This book talks about the leader Mao Zedong. I used this Information toward who were the major
leaders within the war. This completed any missing information about Mao so that we are able to
interpret a full story.