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GROUP B (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS)

III ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PRACTICE 13


1. Residential house wiring using switches, fuse, indicator, lamp and energy meter.
2. Fluorescent lamp wiring.
3. Stair case wiring
4. Measurement of electrical quantities – voltage, current, power & power factor in RLC
circuit.
5. Measurement of energy using single phase energy meter.
6. Measurement of resistance to earth of an electrical equipment.
IV ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PRACTICE 16
1. Study of Electronic components and equipments – Resistor, colour coding
measurement of AC signal parameter (peak-peak, rms period, frequency) using CR.
2. Study of logic gates AND, OR, EX-OR and NOT.
3. Generation of Clock Signal.
4. Soldering practice – Components Devices and Circuits – Using general purpose
PCB.
5. Measurement of ripple factor of HWR and FWR.

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HALF WAVE AND FULL WAVE RECTIFIER

AIM:

To obtain the output of Half wave and Full Wave rectifier and to plot the characteristics.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

NAME OF THE QUANTITY


S.NO TYPE RANGE
EQUIPMENT (NO.S)
1 Diode 4001 4 IN
1 KΩ
2 Resistor 1

3 Capacitor 100 μF 1

4 CRO Analog 30 MHz 1

THEORY:

Half wave rectifier converts alternating voltage into unidirectional pulsating voltage. The half
wave rectifier circuit using a diode with a load resistance R. The diode is connected in series
with the secondary of the transformer and the load resistance R, the primary of the transformer
is being connected to the supply mains. The AC voltage across the secondary winding changes
polarities after every half cycle. During the positive half cycles of the input AC voltage i.e. when
upper end of the secondary winding is positive with respect to its lower end, the diode is forward
biased and therefore current conducts. During the negative half cycles of the input AC voltage
i.e.when lower end of the secondary winding is positive with respect to its upperend, the diode is
reverse biased and does not conduct. Thus for the negativehalf cycles no power is delivered to
the load. Since only one half cycles of the input wave is converted as output, it is called as Half
Wave Rectifier.

In Full Wave Rectifier the diode D2 and D4 will conduct during the positive half of the input
signal and during the negative half cycle of the input signal the diode D1 andD3 conducts.
Hence both the half cycles areconverted into output and the efficiency is high compared with the
half waverectifier.
WAVEFORMS:
PROCEDURE:

1. Circuit connections were given as per the circuit diagram.

2. Input waveform’s magnitude and frequency was measured with the help of CRO.

3. Supply is switched ON and the output waveform was obtained in the CRO.

4. Output waveform’s magnitude and time period was measured.

5. Graphs were plotted for Half wave and Full wave rectifier outputs.

RESULT:

Thus the output of Half wave and Full wave rectifiers were obtainedand the curves were plotted.