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A recently published book

is presented by the éditions de la Maison


des sciences de l’homme
New Cannibal Markets
edited by
Jean-Daniel Rainhorn
& Samira El Boudamoussi

Thanks to recent progress in biotechnology, surrogacy, transplantation


of organs and tissues, blood products or stem-cell and gamete banks
New Cannibal Markets
Globalization and Commodification
are now widely used throughout the world. These techniques improve

of the Human Body
the health and well-being of some human beings using products or 54
functions that come from the body of others. Growth in demand and
absence of an appropriate international legal framework have led to
the development of a lucrative global trade in which victims are often
people living in insecure conditions who have no other ways to survive
than to rent or sell part of their body. This growing market, in which
parts of the human body are bought and sold with little respect for the
human person, displays a kind of dehumanization that looks like a new
form of slavery.
This book is the result of a collective and multidisciplinary reflection
organized by a group of international researchers working in the field of
medicine and social sciences. It helps better understand how the emer-
gence of new health industries may contribute to the development of
a global medical tourism. It opens new avenues for reflection on tech-
nologies that are based on appropriation of parts of the body of others
for health purposes, a type of practice that can be metaphorically com-
pared to cannibalism. Are these the first steps towards a proletariat
of men- and women-objects considered as a reservoir of products of
human origin needed to improve the health or well-being of the bet-
ter-off? The book raises the issue of the uncontrolled use of medical
advances that can sometimes reach the anticipations of dystopian lite-
rature and science fiction.

June 2015
432 pages –33 ¤
The editors:
Isbn : 978-2-7351-1998-1
Jean-Daniel Rainhorn is professor of international health and humanitarian action and holds the
Social Inequalities, Health and Humanitarian Action chair at the College of Global Studies, Fondation
Maison des sciences de l’homme in Paris. Previously he was professor of international health
at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva and director of the
Geneva Center for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action. He was also invited professor of With the support of the
development studies and/or humanitarian assistance in various universities, including the Université
libre de Bruxelles, Leopold Senghor University of Alexandria, Hanoi School of Public Health and Tel
Aviv University, as well as former director of CREDES in Paris, and author of numerous articles,
reports and books.
Samira El Boudamoussi is a researcher at the College of Global Studies, Fondation M1aison des
sciences de l’homme in Paris, and visiting researcher at the Centre of Studies on International
Cooperation and Development of the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). She earned her PhD in
education from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili in Tarragona and conducted various research projects
at the ULB and Universitat Autònoma of Barcelona. The overarching theme of her research is science– Communication ∙ presse : Corine Le Carrer
technology–society: how society relates to scientific knowledge and technical advances, and how phone: 01 43 37 72 80 ∙ lecarrer@msh-paris.fr
these are used in personal and public decision-making. www.editions-msh.fr
onligne bookstore: www.lcdpu.fr
collection 54/ Collège d’études mondiales Distribution: Sodis
Table of contents Lessons in Donation: The Spanish Experience in Latin America
Rafael Matesanz and Beatriz Mahíllo
Foreword An Alternative to Trade: The Iran Experience
Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh
Globalization and Misuses of Biotechnologies: Back to Cannibalism?
Jean-Daniel Rainhorn The Ends of the Body: Neocannibalism and Military Necropolitics
Nancy Scheper-Hughes
Part 1: Trading in the Human Body
Part 5: The Human-Product-Banking Industry
New Markets, Old Questions?
Samira El Boudamoussi and Vincent Barras Do Human Body Parts Have a Social Life?
Vinh-Kim Nguyen
Rest in Pieces: A Short Genealogy of Cannibal Markets
In the Name of Quality and Safety: Commercialization of Human Cells
Jean-Jacques Courtine
and Tissues
To Ban or Not to Ban: The Ethics of Selling Body Parts Jean-Paul Pirnay
Samia A. Hurst Selling Donations: Ethics and Transfusion Medicine
The Value of Life: Religions and Commodification Jean-Daniel Tissot, Olivier Garraud, Jean-Jacques Lefrère, and
Samira El Boudamoussi Jean‑Claude Osselaer
Who Are the Owners? Commercialization and Biobanking
Part 2: Wombs for Rent Bernice S. Elger
How Do We Balance Risk and Desire?
René Frydman
Part 6: The Bigger Picture
States of Confusion: Regulation of Surrogacy in the United States What else? Development, Gender, and Human-Rights
Seema Mohapatra Philippe Goyens
Danish Sperm and Indian Wombs: Fertility Tourism From Colonization to Neocolonization: New Forms of Exploitation
Elisabeth Beck-Gernsheim Firouzeh Nahavandi
For Motherhood and for Market: Commercial Surrogacy in India Commodified Bodies: Is It a Gender Issue?
Sarojini Nadimpally Judit Sándor
Trafficking in Persons for the Removal of Organs: A Human-Rights
Within Me, But Not Mine: Surrogacy in Israel Approach
Etti Samama Debra Budiani-Saberi and Seán Columb
Part 3: Brain Theft Part 7: Mapping National and International Responses
Is Brain Drain Cannibalism? Questions for the future
Alex Mauron Edward Kelley
An Unfair Trade? Mobility of Africa’s Health Professionals Limiting Commodification: International Law and Its Challenges
Delanyo Dovlo and Sheila Mburu Carmel Shalev
Double Movement: Health Professionals and Patients in Southeast Medical Products of Human Origin: Towards Global Governance Tools
Asia Luc Noël and Dominique Martin
Nicola Suyin Pocock
Human Commodification: Professions, Governments, and the Need for
Selective Immigration: Nurse Importation by Developed Countries Further Exploration
Barbara L. Brush Alexander M. Capron

Part 4: Organs for Sale Conclusion


Is Transplantation Tourism a Form of Cannibal Market? Jean-Daniel Rainhorn and Samira El Boudamoussi
Philippe Steiner
State of the Trade: World Transplant Tourism Biographies of the Contributors
Jacob A. Akoh
collection 54
in this collection
Ce que la religion fait aux gens, d’Anne Gotman
Semé sans compter, de Nicolas Ellison
The collection « 54 » hosts publications from various Communication et pouvoir, de Manuel Castells
disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. It Musicologie et Occupation, de Sara Iglesias
provides a place for works that are distinguished by their Laïcité, laïcités. Reconfigurations et nouveaux défis, sous la direction
authors’s treatment, their originality, their overview. de Jean Baubérot, Micheline Milot et Philippe Portier
Les Amériques, des constitutions aux démocraties, sous la direction
de Jean-René Garcia, Denis Rolland et Patrice Vermeren
Boire en Turquie, de Sylvie Gangloff
Afrique en présences, de Jean-Pierre Dozon

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