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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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EC-C2 E-C60 this interactive schematic
EC-C3
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E-C61

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EC-C1
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ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS BASIC HYDRAULIC


HOTKEYS (Keyboard Shortcuts) COMPONENT SYMBOLS
T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Pump

FUNCTION KEYS
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
or Motor Variability

Click here to view the


Zoom In “CTRL” / “+” Schematic Symbols
Fluid
Conditioner
Spring
(Adjustable)

Zoom Out “CTRL” / “-” and Definitions page

Fit to Page “CTRL” / “0” (zero)


Hand Tool “SPACEBAR” (hold down)
Find “CTRL” / “F”
SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS

VALVES INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS PUMPS BASIC HYDRAULIC


ENVELOPES FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION
FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION
PARALLEL
FLOW
CROSS
FLOW
FIXED DISPLACEMENT
COMPONENT SYMBOLS

One Position Two Position Three Position Unidirectional Bidirectional Pump


Infinite Two Three Variability
Positioning Position Position or Motor
PORTS VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON- COMPENSATED

CYLINDERS Fluid Spring


(Adjustable)
Two-way Three-Way Four-Way Conditioner
Unidirectional Bidirectional
CONTROL
AB AB
Single Acting Double Acting
MOTORS Pressure
FIXED DISPLACEMENT Spring
P T P T Compensation
Normal Position Shifted Position Infinite Position

CHECK
Control
ACCUMULATORS Unidirectional Bidirectional
Valves
Line Restriction
(Variable)
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
Basic Spring Shuttle NON- COMPENSATED
Pilot
Symbol Loaded Line Restriction
Controlled Spring Loaded Gas Charged Restriction
(Fixed)

Unidirectional Bidirectional

MAIN AUX.
Line Restriction
PILOT CONTROL 2-Section
RELEASED PRESSURE ROTATING SHAFTS Variable and Pressure
Compensated
Pump

Unidirectional Bidirectional
External Return Internal Return
Attachment Pump: Variable and
REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE Pressure Compensated

Internal Hydraulic Pneumatic


Simplified Complete Supply Pressure Energy Triangles

COMBINATION CONTROLS
LINES MEASUREMENT

Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid and Servo Thermal Detent Crossing Joining
or Manual and Pilot Pilot or Manual Pressure Temperature Flow

MANUAL CONTROL FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

Push-pull Lever Manual Shutoff General Manual Push Button Pedal Spring Vented Pressurized Return Above Fluid Level Return Below Fluid Level

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS - ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS


G
M T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Pressure Pressure Switch Temperature Electrical
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
(Fluid) (Gas / Air) Motor Switch (Adjustable) Switch Wire

BASIC ELECTRICAL COMPONENT SYMBOLS HARNESS AND WIRE SYMBOLS


Wire, Cable, or Harness Assembly Identification:
Fuse: A component in an electrical circuit that will open the circuit if too much current flows through it. Includes Harness Identification Letters and Harness
Connector Serialization Codes (see sample).
Switch (Normally Open): A switch that will close at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). The circle indicates
that the component has screw terminals and a wire can be disconnected from it.
AG-C4 L-C12
Switch (Normally Closed): A switch that will open at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). 111-7898 3E-5179
No circle indicates that the wire cannot be disconnected from the component. Part Number: for 1
Connector Plug
Ground (Wired): This indicates that the component is connected to a grounded wire. 2
The grounded wire is fastened to the machine.
Plug Receptacle
Pin or Socket Number
Ground (Case): This indicates that the component does not have a wire connected to ground.
It is grounded by being fastened to the machine. Harness Identification Letter(s): (A, B, C, AA, AB, AC, ...)

Reed Switch: A switch whose contacts are controlled by a magnet. A magnet closes the contacts of Harness Connector Serialization Code: The "C" stands for
"Connector" and the number indicates which connector in the
a normally open reed switch; it opens the contacts of a normally closed reed switch.
harness (C1, C2, C3, ...)
L-C12
Sender: A component that is used with a temperature or pressure gauge. 3E-5179
The sender measures the temperature or pressure.
T Its resistance changes to give an indication to the gauge of the temperature or pressure. 5A
Component
Relay (Magnetic Switch): A relay is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. Fuse (5 Amps) 9X-1123 Part Number
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close the switch part of the relay. 325-AG135 PK-14
Harness identification code:
This example indicates wire group 325, Wire Gauge
Solenoid: A solenoid is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire Color
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close a valve or move a piece of metal that can do work. 1 Deutsch connector: Typical representation
of a Deutsch connector. The plug contains all
2 sockets and the receptacle contains all pins.
Magnetic Latch Solenoid: An electrical component that is activated by electricity and held latched by a
permanent magnet. It has two coils (latch and unlatch) that make electromagnet 1 Sure-Seal connector: Typical representation
when current flows through them. It also has an internal switch that places of a Sure-Seal connector. The plug and receptacle
2 contain both pins and sockets.
the latch coil circuit open at the time the coil latches.
UENR5145
December 2013

M315D2 and M317D2 Wheeled


Excavator Hydraulic System
CH31-UP
CH51-UP

© 2013 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.


COMPONENT TABLE
Component Locations
Part Machine Schematic
Description
Number Location Location
Cap - Breather (Hydraulic Tank) 194-7849 1 A-6
Control Gp - Hydraulic Hand (Stabilizer Blade) 257-6104 2 E-14
Control Gp - Hydraulic Pedal (With Magnet) 254-2685 3 E-12
Control Gp - Hydraulic Pedal (VA Boom) 112-5704 4 E-13
Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic) (Fan) 227-6000 5 C-6
Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic, Swing Circuit) 109-7288 6 C-6
Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic) 8U-0198 7 A-4
Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic) (Main Return) 193-5973 8 A-4
Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic) (Pump) 8U-0198 9 A-7
Filter Gp - Oil (Pilot Pressure) 145-7750 10 B-9
Motor Gp - Gear (Hydraulic Fan) 281-6268 11 C-5
Motor Gp - Piston (Travel) (M315D2) 271-2886
12 J-11
Motor Gp - Piston (Travel) (M317D2) 291-3711
Motor Gp - Swing 152-7375 13 B-6
Pump Gp - Gear (AUX, Brake, Pilot, Steering) 329-5735 14 B-8
Pump Gp - Gear (Hyd Fan) 281-6269 15 A-7
Pump Gp - Metering (HMU) 205-6215 16 E-10
Pump Gp - Piston (Main Hydraulic) (M315D2) 254-0476
17 D-8
Pump Gp - Piston (Main Hydraulic) (M317D2) 340-3403
Pump Gp - Piston (Swing) (M315D2) 207-4710
18 A-7
Pump Gp - Piston (Swing) (M317D2) 382-6573
Sensor GP - Pressure (Boom) 349-1178 19 H-8
Sensor GP - Pressure (Boom) 349-1178 20 F-7
Sensor Gp - Pressure (Pilot Oil) 290-5825 21 C-13
Switch As - Pressure 309-5769 22 C-12
Switch As - Pressure (Swing Pump Control) 309-5769 23 B-14
Valve As - Check (Smart Boom) 265-7162 24 F-7
Valve Gp - Brake Control 322-0100 25 B-11
Valve Gp - Check (Boom Lowering, Drift Reduction) 254-0488 26 G-2
Valve Gp - Combination (Multifunction) 358-9923 27 E-2
Valve Gp - Control (Hydraulic) (Hammer) 252-5984 28 J-3
Valve Gp - Control (Quick Coupler) 340-3327 29 H-9
Valve Gp - Control (VA Boom) 251-8038 30 E-8
Valve Gp - Load Control 254-0489 31 G-6
Valve Gp - Main Control (M315D2) 265-7151
32 D-4
Valve Gp - Main Control (M317D2) 265-7152
Valve Gp - Pilot (Joystick) (LH) 243-4046 33 D-14
Valve Gp - Pilot (Joystick) (RH) 243-4046 34 D-11
Valve Gp - Priority (Steering) 188-1814 35 D-8
Valve Gp - Smart Boom 265-7156 36 G-11
Valve Gp - Solenoid (Dozer Shutoff) 196-7544 37 J-13
Valve Gp - Solenoid (MPF) 254-2643 38 G-12
Valve Gp - Solenoid (Pilot Manifold) 340-3337 39 B-12
Valve Gp - Solenoid (Stabilizer Shutoff) 196-7543 40 J-8
Valve Gp - Solenoid (Travel Motor) 367-9241 41 G-5
Swivel Gp 249-1277 42 G-14
Swivel Gp 249-1278 43 H-7
TAP TABLE

Tap Locations
Pressure, Sampling, and Sensor
Tap Schematic
Description
Number Location
AA Implement Pump Pressure B-8
BB Swing Motor Pressure B-6
CC Swing Pump Pressure B-6
DD Brake Control Pressure C-10
EE Brake Control Accumulator Pressure 1 C-11
FF Brake Control Accumulator Pressure 2 C-9
GG Swing Break Pressure C-13
HH Travel Motor Control Pressure B-14
II Travel Pilot Control Pressure B-13
JJ Travel Motor Pressure I-11
P1 Implement Pump Outlet Pressure D-3
P2 Load Sense Pressure D-3
P3 Pilot Pressure D-3
P4 Pilot, Steering, Brake, MPF, and Pump Outlet Pressure C-3
P5 Implement Pump Power Shift Pressure C-3
P6 Swing Pump Power Shift Pressure C-3
P7 Fan Pump Outlet Pressure C-3
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

(37) VALVE GP (28) VALVE GP


SOLENOID (DOZER SHUTOFF)
B A

CONTROL (HYDRAULIC)
196-7544 (HAMMER) U
P
U
P U
P
STABILIZER
252-5984 BLCV BLCV
J J
G
WHEEL BRAKE
(40) VALVE GP A BOOM A
B01 A01
X (12) MOTOR GP SOLENOID A B B A
OSC. AXLE LOCK B B

WHEEL BRAKE DOZER BLADE CLUTCH


RELEASE PISTON (TRAVEL) (STABILIZER SHUTOFF)
B
271-2886 (M317D2) 196-7543 T1
Z1 STEERING CYLINDR T A X MR MR X A T
P
291-3711G (M315D2)

B
A
U T1 MB
1

A
EL L
COUNTERBALANCE VALVE Z1
B
FWD
Z2
T TRAVEL U
P
MOTOR MIN
S
GEAR LOC. F-7 LOC. F-7

MAX P T

A
B
b5 B5 A5 b4 DOZER/ L B4 A4 b3
MS BOOM
I STABI-
LIZER
I
B REV
n
u
A
1

EK
T2 MA A
A

EB
MB
M1
B K MK MAIN VALVE
SECTION
JJ BOOM SPOOL

6 4 2 3 1
5
(29) VALVE GP (43) SWIVEL GP 0
H CONTROL (QUICK 249-1278 P AUX 2 a5 S53 a4 S52 H
COUPLER) (19) SENSOR GP FROM
Psta L
MPF, JOYSTICK STEERING, HCR
A B
240-3327 PRESSURE (BOOM) BOOM
349-1178 0 RIDE CONTROL
VA BOOM MA A B MB 5 1 SHUT OFF BALL VALVES
BLCV OP BLCV OP 6 (FOR SINGLE OR DOUBLE ACTING TOOL)
4 2 3
GRAPPLE ROTATE
A B B A
B A OVERLOAD
WARNING
U DEVICE
P
E E BUCKET

QUICK COUPLER VALVE


(41) VALVE GP
(31) VALVE GP A' X Y
(26) VALVE GP

340-3327 OP
BUCKET ADJUST
STICK SOLENOID
LOAD CONTROL CHECK (BOOM LOWERING,
EMERGENCY (TRAVEL
LOWERING
254-0489 DRIFT REDUCTION)
G
L X DEVICE X L
MOTOR) G
X L P T
254-0488
367-9241
(38) VALVE GP b0 TO BE DIVERTER BALL VALVES
SOLENOID CONNECTED IF SMART a3
5 4 6 (36) VALVE GP BOOM IS NOT
1 3
(42) SWIVEL 254-2643 (MPF) INSTALLED
A
2 SMART BOOM Y X A'
GP 265-7156 (20) SENSOR GP (24) VALVE AS
PST Y B

249-1277 A
PRESSURE (BOOM) CHECK (SMART b01 B01 A01

349-1178 BOOM) 265-7162


2
1 3 A B
Pst
5 4 6 MEDIUM U
PRESSURE P
T
FUNCTION JOYSTICK STEERING
b4 b3 b2 b1
PRIORITY PRESSURE b0
OP COMPENSATOR. ONLY A
INSTALLED WITH
JOYSTICK STEERING B1 A B L R VA BOOM B0 A0 b5 BOOM B5 A5 DOZER/ L B4 A4 Paux1 STICK B3 A3 S52 K TRAVEL B2 A2 S5 BUCKET B1 A1
VALVE OP STABI-
F LIZER F

X1 X L PST

(27) VALVE GP
COMBINATION
(MULTIFUNCTION)
358-9923
P R

(2) CONTROL GP (4) CONTROL GP LD


E HYDRAULIC HAND (3) CONTROL GP E
HYDRAULIC PEDAL P T
(STABILIZER BLADE) HYDRAULIC PEDAL
(VA BOOM)
257-6104 254-2685 (WITH MAGNET) (16) PUMP GP
112-5704
METERING (HMU)
b4 a4 Y1 b3 Y2 b0 a0 b2 a2 a5 a1 b1
205-6215 P AUX 2 P'' S53 P MP T Pst MLS LS AUX LS S51 PMP
1 2 1 2 3 4 2 1 2 1 1 2 3 4
TRAVEL PEDAL

FWD
a0 (30) VALVE GP a5 a4 a3
a2 (32) VALVE GP a1
Psta L a01
DOWN OUT
STICK OUT BOOM DOWN
(34) VALVE GP CONTROL (VA BOOM) MAIN CONTROL
SW L SW R U BCT CL BCT OP
PILOT 251-8038 265-7151 (M315D2)
DEG
UP STICK IN IN BOOM UP

(JOYSTICK) (RH) 265-7152 (M317D2)

REV 243-4046
P T
P T P T P T P T

D D
REMOTE PRESSURE TAPS
P1 IMPLEMENT PUMP LOAD SENSE
OUTLET PRESSUE PRESSURE

(35) VALVE GP P2 P1 P2
(17) PUMP GP
PRIORITY
(33) VALVE GP PISTON (MAIN T (11) MOTOR GP P3 PILOT, STEERING,
(21) SENSOR GP (STERING) Hz PILOT PRESSURE BRAKE, MPF, PUMP
PILOT HYDRAULIC) n GEAR OUTLET PRESSURE
PRESSURE (PILOT 188-1814 254-0476 (M315D2) P4
(JOYSTICK) (LH) (HYDRAULIC FAN) P4
PRESSURE) 340-3403 (M317D2) 281-6268
P3
243-4046 290-5825 P5 IMPLEMENT PUMP SWING PUMP POWER
POWER SHIFT SHIFT PRESSURE
S P PRESSURE

P6 P6
P5
C P7 FAN PUMP
OUTLET PRESSURE
C
(22) SWITCH AS DD
a3 PRESSURE EF CF
GG 309-5769 U Y2 Y1 (5) FILTER GP P7
P
U B1 B2
P (6) FILTER GP OIL (HYDRAULIC)
T1/3 A4
OSC AXLE
A3
SWING BRAKE
A2
HEAVY LIFT
A1
IMPLEMENT LOCK
K
1
B
2 GEAR
M2 BB SA LS
AEC
DS
EE DS1
LD Y2 Y3 Y1 OIL (HYDRAULIC, (FAN)
REST
SHIFT
FF P IMPLEMENT PUMP SWING CIRCUIT) 227-6000
B m2 S1
X Z
109-7288
S2
K m1 CC
GEAR 1 DS2 T2
B

P
P T B
TRAVEL N
TRAVEL SWING MAIN ACTIVATION K GEAR 2
MOTOR PUMP PUMP VALVE PS R T1 T2 FA FA1 FE
CONTROL CONTROL CONTROL OR B B A HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS
SWING PUMP

TRAVEL
A IMPLEMENT PUMP OUTPUT
PILOT P M A G
P1
B B
CONTROL PILOT PUMP OUTPUT
T1
MB P DOZER CYLINDER / STABILIZER CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
(25) VALVE GP SWING PUMP SUPPLY CIRCUIT
A8 M8 A7 D7 M7 A6 M6 T1/1 A5 M5 T1/2 SP PST VA BOOM CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
(39) VALVE GP BRAKE CONTROL ENGINE Vg max Vg min Z OSC AXLE CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT

HH SOLENOID (PILOT 322-0100 (10) FILTER GP ONLY M315D


R IMPLEMENT PUMP LOAD SENSE
SUPPLY LINE
II MANIFOLD OIL (PILOT LINE PATTERNS
DRAIN / RETURN LINE

PRESSURE) (14) PUMP GP S M1 R1 R2 T1 T2


(13) MOTOR GP
STEERING CONTROL CIRCUIT

(23) SWITCH AS 340-3337


MA BUCKET CYL CONTROL CIRCUIT / BUCKET ADJ / GRAPPLE ROTATE

145-7750 GEAR (AUX, SWING


Pressure Line HEAVY LIFT CONTROL OPTION
PRESSURE A QUICK COUPLER CONTROL CIRCUIT
BRAKE, PILOT, X1 X2 G MH FS S
152-7375
Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure MULTI COMBINATION TOOLS / HAMMER OPTION
(SWING PUMP AA
TRAVEL MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
STEERING) BB
Drain / Return Lines SWING MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
CONTROL) 329-5735 Component Group
BOOM CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
2ND HIGH PRESSURE OPTION
309-5769 CALLOUTS
STICK CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
TRANSMISSION CLUTCH CONTROL CIRCUIT

(8) FILTER GP YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)


SWING MOTOR SUPPLY CIRCUIT
SWING BREAK
OIL (HYDRAULIC) FAN PUMP SUPPLY CIRCUIT
(9) FILTER GP (18) PUMP GP Callout Number
(52) VALVE GP - CONTROL
Component
BRAKE CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
(15) PUMP GP (1) CAP (MAIN RETURN) (Machine Location from Name
OFFSET BOOM CYLINDER / MEDIUM PRESSURE CONTROL CIRCUIT
OIL (HYDRAULIC)
Component LocationsTable)
138-1234
PISTON (SWING) BREATHER
Part Number
MAIN PUMP CONTROL CIRCUIT
A GEAR 193-5973 A
(PUMP) 207-4710(M315D2)
(HYD FAN) (HYDRAULIC TANK) (7) FILTER GP THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE M315D2 AND M317D2 WHEELED EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
8U-0198 382-6573(M317D2)
281-6269 194-7849 OIL (HYDRAULIC)
MEDIA NUMBER: UENR5145
HYDRAULIC TANK
(MAIN) SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 379-2141, CHANGE: 00, VERSION: EY
8U-0198 (RIDE CONTROL) SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 318-8778, CHANGE: 00, VERSION: EY
N1
N2 Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter
N3 in neutral and with parking brake set.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.
Note: Refer to the Parts Manual using a specific serial number prefix in SIS before ordering parts from this schematic.

14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
MACHINE TOP VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

23
22

39

HH

GG

II 21

42 43
31
38 29

13

17
14 BB
AA

26

36 27

30 28

20
24 18
32
41 CC
5 11 7 8 1
9
15 6
CAB FRONT VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

10
34
2

DD
33

FF 35

EE

4
3 25 16
MACHINE BOTTOM VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

37 40

JJ 12
BOOM - FRONT RIGHT VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

19
TAPS - LEFT SIDE VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

P2

P1

P3

P5

P7

P6 P4