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DESIGN SHEET

PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE
28.08.2017
Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.
TITLE:
IRC-83-2015) MGP NRM

VIEW A LOAD CASE= COMBO 23 MIN


Nodal ID = 229
αa,d

Fz,d
Fx,d Fy,d PRECAST BEAM

CORBEL

SECTION
COLUMN 1 1

CORBEL b
PRECAST BEAM
a
PLAN VIEW OF THE BEARING

a
VIEW - A SECTION 1-1
Design Parameters : (Factored Loads)
Factored Vertical Design Force, F z,d = 112.5 kN
#
Factored Horizontal Design Force, F x,d = 0.0 kN Horizontal Displacement considered instead of Force

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Factored Horizontal Design Force, F y,d = 0.0 kN
Horizontal Displacement considered instead of Force

Fac. Angular rotation across the width of a rectangular bearing , α a,d = 0.000 radians
Fac. Angular rotation across the length of a rectangular bearing, α b,d = 0.001 radians
##
Minimum resultant rotation has to be considered ( i.e 0.003) = Yes
Value of minimum roration = 0.003 Clause 5.2.3
Final Rotaion , α a,d (Assumed proportionate to get the Resultant of 0.003) = 0.0001 IRC:83-2015, Page no. 12
Final Rotaion , α b,d (Assumed proportionate to get the Resultant of 0.003) = 0.0030
Fac. Max.horizontal relative displacement in direction of dimension a, v x,d = 43.80 mm
Fac.Max.horizontal relative displacement in direction of dimension b, v y,d = 24.65 mm
Fac. permanent load( Self weight + DL), F z,d (min)Perm = 101.3 kN
#- Either horizontal force or horizontal displacement alone shall be considered for design.
##- Though as per code minimium resultant rotation of 0.003 has to be consider as per IRC 83, Some times designer can take a call of not considering
it (To be decided by the engineer in charge).

GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: IRC-83- DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.
TITLE: 2015) MGP NRM

Bearing Parameters: (Without anchorage)


Overall width of the bearing (Shorter dimension of
Rectangular Bearing excluding plates), a = 200 mm
Overall length of the bearing (Longer dimension of
Rectangular Bearing excluding plates), b = 320 mm
Thickness of an individual interior elastomer layer in a
laminated bearing, ti = 15 mm
(Thickness shall be from 8mm to 20mm in step of 1mm)
Thickness of steel reinforcing plate (laminate),ts = 3 mm
(Thickness will be 3mm in general, however it can be taken as 4mm in a can't but case)
Number of interior Elastomer layers,ni = 4
Clause 5.2.2 IRC:83-
(Minimum no of internal elastomer layer shall be 2) 2015, page no.10
Number of Steel laminates, ni-1 = 3
(Minimum no of steel laminate layer shall be 1)
Side cover,c ( minimum for steel laminate) = 4 mm
$
Top and bottom Steel plate thickness(16mm as per Cl.5.2.2) = 16 mm
Number of Outer Steel Plates ( Top & Bottom) = 2
##
Top and bottom cover,d ( for steel laminate i.e Thickness of = 0 mm
$
outer elastmer layer) ##
Number of Outer Elastomer layers,no = 0

Effective width of laminated bearing(i.e. width of steel


reinforcement plates) ,a' = a- 2c Clause 5.2.3.1 IRC:83-
= 200-(2*4) 2015, page no.14
= 192 mm
Effective length of laminated bearing(i.e.length of steel
reinforcement plates) ,b' = b-2c
= 320-(2*4)
= 312 mm
Total Nominal thickness of Elastomer,Te = (n*ti)+2d
(excluding steel laminates) = (4*15)+(2*16)
= 60 mm
Total Height of the bearing,T = Te+ ((n+1)*ts)
(including elastomer ,teel laminates,Steel Top & Bottom plate) = 60+(3*3)+(2*16)
= 101 mm
Properties of Elastomer :
Hardness (Shore A) = 70 (Refer Vendor Catalogue)
Minimum tensile Strength = 17 N/mm2 ( Refer Vendor data sheet) Table 1
2 IRC 83-2018,
Shear Modulus,G = 0.7 N/mm ( Refer Vendor data sheet)
Bulk Modulus,Eb = 2000 N/mm
2 (Page 18,IRC 83-2015) page no.8
Overall Plan area of bearing, A = a*b
(Excluding steel plates) = (200*320)
= 64000 mm2
Effective area of the bearing, A1 = a'*b'
= (192*312)
2
= 59904 mm
Shape Factor ,S (For individual internal elastomer layer) = 𝐴1 Clause 5.2.3.1 IRC:83-
𝐼𝑝 ∗ 𝑡𝑖 2015
Force free perimeter of the bearing, Ip = 2*(a'+b') page no.14
= 2*(192+312)
= 1008
Shape factor calculation for Internal Layer

Shape factor for Internal Layers Si = 59904/(1008*15)


= 3.96
Shape factor calculation for outer Layer Clause 5.2.3.1 IRC:83-
Applicable only for bearings Without anchor and
2015
hence not designed.
Page No.14
$- For Anchored bearings min 16mm top & bottom steel plate to be provided. There is no outer layer.
## - Value is Zero since There is no outer elastomer layer ( But top & Bottom plates are provided).

GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.


Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: IRC-83-
TITLE: 2015) MGP NRM

Reduced plan area of the Elastomeric bearings, Ar 𝑉𝑥 𝑑 𝑉𝑦 𝑑


= A1∗ (1 − , − , ) Clause 5.2.3.2
𝑎′ 𝑏′
= 59904*(1-(43.81/192)- IRC 83:2015,
(24.65/312)) page no.14
= 41505 mm2
Properties of Steel laminates:
Yield stress of steel ,fy = 240 N/mm2
Factor for induced tensile stresses ,Kh = 1.00 Clause 5.2.3.5
Stress Correction factor,Kp = 1.30 IRC 83:2015
Partial Safety factor, γm = 1.00 page no.14

Check for Design Strain : ( For internal elastomer layer) Clause 5.2.3
Maximum Design Strain , Ԑtd = KL(Ԑ𝑐,𝑑 +Ԑq,d+Ԑα,d) IRC 83:2015
page no.12
Design shear strain due to design translatory movement ( for internal layer)
Ԑq,d = design shear strain due to design translatory vxy,d Clause 5.2.3.3
=
movements Tq IRC 83:2015
page no.15
Maximum resultant horizontal relative displacement obtained
by vectorial addition of vx,d and vy,d , vxy,d = Sqrt(vxd2 + vyd2 )
= √(43.81^2+24.65^2)
= 50.26 mm Clause 5.2.3
Note: The Minimum resultant translation movement shall not less than +/- 10 mm IRC 83:2015
Final Vxy = Max(50.26,10) page no.12

= 50.26 mm
Shear strain due to horizonatal displacement = vxy,d 50.26
=
Tq 60
= 0.84
(CALCULATION DESCRIBED BELOW IS APPLICABLE ONLY IF HORIZONTAL FORCE CONSIDERED INSTEAD OF HORIZONTAL DISPLACEMENT)
Maximum resultant horizontal load Fxy,d = ( SQRT(0^2+0^2))
= 0.00 kN
Shear Strain due to horizontal loads = Fxy,d/(A*G)
= 0.00
Strain due to translatory movement = 0.84
Maximum permissible value of Ԑ q,d = 1.00 > 0.84 Hence OK
Design strain due to compressive design loads for internal layer
where, KL = Type loading Factor = 1.00
Ԑc,d = design strain due to compressive design loads = 1.5 Fz,d Clause 5.2.3.2
G*Ar*Si IRC 83:2015
= 1.5*112.48*1000 page no.14
0.7*41504.86*3.96
Internal Layer Maximum Design Strain , Ԑcd = 1.470
Design Strain due to Angular Rotation for internal layer
Nos. of intermediate Layers, ni= 4 Nos.
Thickness of internal elastomer layer , ti = 15 mm

Nos. of outer elastomer Layers, no= 2 Nos.


Thickness of outer elastomer layer, to = 16 mm
Clause 5.2.3.4
Sum of cube of elastomer internal & outer layers, Σ*ti3 = (4*15^3)+(2*16^3) IRC 83:2015,
GN - ST - 11 R0 21692 mm3 page no.15
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.


Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: IRC-83-
TITLE: 2015) MGP NRM

Design strain due to angular rotation for Internal Elastomer Layer

Ԑα,d = design strain due to design angular rotation = (a′2 ∗ α𝑎,𝑑 + b′2 ∗ α𝑏,𝑑 ) ∗ ti Clause 5.2.3.4
2*Σ*ti3 IRC 83:2015,
Final Angular rotation across the width of a rectangular bearing , α a,d = 0.0001 radians page no.15
Final Angular rotation across the length of a rectangular bearing, α b,d = 0.0030 radians

= (192^2*0.0001+312^2*0.003)*15
2*21692
= 0.102
Maximum design strain for Internal Elastomer Layer
Therefore, Maximum Design Strain ,Ԑtd = KL(Ԑ𝑐,𝑑 +Ԑq,d+Ԑα,d) = 0.84*(1.47+0.84+0.102)
= 2.41
Maximum Design Strain ≤ Ԑ u,d
Ԑu,k Clause 5.2.3
Ԑu,d =
γm IRC 83:2015
where , Ԑu,k = 7 and γm = 1 = 7/1 Page no.13
= 7.00

Maximum Design Strain(Intermediate Layer) , Ԑtd = 2.41 < 7.00 Hence OK

Thickness of Steel Laminates :

Minimum required thickness of steel plates(laminates),ts (req) = (𝐾𝑝 ∗ 𝐹𝑧𝑑 ∗ 𝑡1 + 𝑡2 ∗ 𝐾ℎ ∗γm ) Clause 5.2.3.5
Ar *fy IRC 83:2015,
page no.15
where, t1 = t2 = ti = 15 mm
= (1.3*112.48*1000*(15+15)*1*1)/(41504.86*240)
= 0.44 mm
Thickness provided = 3.00 mm Hence OK
Note: Thickness shall not be lesser than the value calculated above or 3 mm which ever is higher

GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT:SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: IRC- DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.
TITLE: 83-2015) MGP NRM
STABILITY CRITERIA
Check for Rotation: Clause5.2.3.7
Vertical Deflection ,ΣVz,d = Σ Fz,d * ti * 1 + 1 IRC83:2015
( Note: S is Shape factor for thickest Elastomer layer) A1 5GS2 Eb Page 18

= (112.48* 1000 * 60)/59904)*((1/(5*0.7*3.96^2))+(1/2000))


= 112.66 * 0.019
= 2.11 mm
Rotational Limitation condition
Σ𝑉𝑧 , 𝑑 − (𝑎′ ∗ α𝑎,𝑑 + 𝑏′ ∗ α𝑏,𝑑 )/𝐾𝑟𝑑 ≥ 0
where, Clause5.2.3.6
Kr,d = Rotation Factor = 3 IRC83:2015
(𝑎' ∗ α𝑎,𝑑 + 𝑏′ ∗ α𝑏,𝑑 )/𝐾𝑟𝑑 Page 16
=
(𝑎′ ∗ α𝑎,𝑑 + 𝑏′ ∗ α𝑏,𝑑 )/𝐾𝑟𝑑 = ((192*0.0001)+(312*0.003))/3
= 0.319 mm
Σ𝑉𝑧, 𝑑 − (𝑎 ∗ α𝑎,𝑑 + 𝑏 ∗ α𝑏,𝑑 )/𝐾𝑟𝑑 = 2.109-0.319
= 1.79 > 0 Hence OK
Force Exerted on the Structure:
Force exerted on the structure by bearing
resisting translatory movement,Rxy,d = A*G*Vxy,d Clause 5.2.3.7
Te IRC 83:2015
= 64000*0.7*50.26/60*1000 page no.17
= 37.53 kN
Check for Non Sliding Condition :
If F xyd or R xy,d ≤ μe * F zd , bearing is safe against Sliding
Rxy,d = 37.53 kN Clause5.2.3.6
IRC83:2015
Kf = 0.2 (For Concrete 0.6) Page 16
(The average compressive stress from F z,dmin) σm = Fzd /Ar (For Steel 0.2)
= (112.4784*1000)/41504.86
2 (Either use R xyd
σm= 2.71 N/mm
or F xyd as per
For non Anchored bearings the following formula shall satisfied = Fxyd ≤ μe . Fzd min (Rxyd = Fxyd) design input)
Friction coefficient, μe = 0.1+1.5 (Kf /σm) Clause5.2.3.6
= 0.1+1.5(0.2/2.71) IRC83:2015
Page 16
= 0.211
μe * Fzd min = 0.211*112.48
= 23.73 kN < 37.53 Not OK
Note: if the above non sliding condition is not satisfied then bearings with anchorage shall be provided. For detail refer separate calculations.

For permanent loads


Minimum Vertical Permanent Load , Fzd perm = 101.34
Minimum allowable stress under Permanent Laod σcd,all = Fzd min perm/Ar ≥ 3.00 N/mm2
Minimum compressive stress, = Fzd min perm/Ar
= 101.35*1000/41504.86
= 2.44 N/mm2 Not OK
Note: if the above permanent load check is not satisfied then bearings with anchorage shall be provided. For detail refer separate calculations.
Check for Buckling :
Mean Design Pressure, σcd = Fz,d Clause5.2.3.6
where S1=S S= Shape factor for Thickest layer Ar IRC83:2015
= (112.4784*1000/41504.86) Page 16
2
= 2.7100 N/mm
2𝑎′𝐺𝑆1
= (2*192*0.7*3.96)/(3*60)
3𝑇𝑒 = 5.920
2𝑎′𝐺𝑆1 = 2.71 < 5.920 N/mm2 Hence OK
σcd < 3𝑇𝑒
GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

TITLE: Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: IRC-83- DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.
2015)
MGP NRM
Stiffness of bearing Pad
Stiffness of elastomeric bearing in horizontal direction, kxy = A*G N/mm
IRC83:2015
Te
Clause 5.2.3.7
= (64000*0.7)/(60) Page 17
= 746.7 N/mm
Stiffness Assumed in model K = 1200

Note : Stifness of the bearing arrived as per the above calculation shall be given as spring stiffness in the model.

Moment/Rotational Stiffness in longitudinal direction


Note: Moment / rotational stiffness calculation is mainly done to estimate the moments which bearings may induce in the corbel. These calculations
will be useful for designing the corbel. Howeverr these calculations will not govern the design of bearings. Also it shall be noted that these moment
values will be very smaller and doesn't play a vital role in the corbel design.
Shear Modulus of Bearing Considered in the Design, G= 0.7 MPa (Refer Vendor Catalogue)
Rotation in the longitudinal direction, α a,d= 0.0001 Radian
Effective Length of Bearing, a' = 192 mm
Effective Width of Bearing, b' = 312 mm
Nos. of intermediate Layers, ni= 4
Thickness of internal layer of elastomer,ti = 15 mm
Ratio of sides , b/a = (312/192) = 1.63
IRC83:2015
Restoring Moment Factor, Ks = 76.00 (Enter)
Clause 5.2.3.7
Table 4
Resultant Moment resisting to rotation, in longitudinal direction M= G x α x a'5 x b' / n x ti3 x Ks Page 17

= (0.7x0.0001x192^5x312)/(4x15^3 x76)
= 0.01 kN-m
Rotation Stiffness of elastomeric bearing in longitudinal direction , Kry =
(0.01/0.0001)
= 55.54 kN-m/Radians
Note: it shall be noted that rotational stiffness combuted above does not have any influence in design. It is mainly worked to ensure rotaional stability
of the bearings and the values arrived shall be confiremed with the vendor that the bearings provided by him posses the required rotational stiffness
capability.
Moment/Rotational Stiffness in Transverse direction
Shear Modulus of Bearing Considered in the Design, G= 0.7 MPa
Rotation in the longitudinal direction, α b,d= 0.0030 Radian
Effective Length of Bearing, a' = 192 mm
Effective Width of Bearing, b' = 312 mm
Nos. of intermediate Layers, ni= 4
15 IRC83:2015
Thickness of internal layer of elastomer,ti = mm
Clause 5.2.3.7
Ratio of sides, a/b = (312/192) = 0.62
Table 4
Restoring Moment Factor, Ks = 100.58 (Enter) Page 17

Resultant Moment resisting to rotation, in transverse direction M= G x α x a'5 x b' / n x ti3 x Ks

= (0.7x0.003x312^5x192)/(4x15^3 x100.58)
= 0.878 kN-m
Rotation Stiffness of elastomeric bearing in transverse direction , kry = M/ α b,d
= (0.88/0.003)
292.64 kN-m/Radians
GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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DESIGN SHEET
PROJECT: SARDAR PATEL GUJARAT CRICKET STADIUM AT MOTERA, AHMEDABAD DOCUMENT NO DATE

Laminated Elastomeric Bearing Pad Design with anchorage (Ref: DESIGNED CHECKED SHEET REV.
TITLE: IRC-83-2015) MGP NRM

Design of Anchorage Bolt:


Loading Data :
Maximum factored horizontal load in X direction , Fxy,d = AXG = As per IRC 83- P2.
Area of Bearing Pad = (200*320) = 64000 mm2 Cl. 5.6,
Shear Modulus G= 0.70 page No.20
Fxy,d= (64000/0.7)/1000
= 44.8 kN
Dia of Bolt (Assume) = 16.0 mm
Grade of Bolt = 4.60
As per IRC 83- P3.
Effective Area of Bolt Ab,eff= 0.78 x 𝜋𝑑2/4 Cl. 926.2.5.2
= 0.78x π x16^2/4
2
Ab,eff= 156.83 mm
Permissible shear stress of bolt, τvf = 80.00 Mpa As per IRC 83- P3.
Cl. 926.2.5.2
Check for Bolt Under Shear
Allowable Shear Capacity of Bolt = τvf x Aeff / 1000
= (80x156.83)/1000 As per IRC 83- P3.
= 12.55 kN Cl. 926.2.1
No of Bolts Required = Fxy,d / Allowable shear capacity
= (44.8/12.55)
= 3.57 Nos.
Nos. of Bolt Provided = 4.0 > 3.57 Hence OK

Check for Bolt Sleeve for Bearing Stress at Concrete Interface

Diameter of Bolt Sleeve, Ds== (16x 2) = 32.0 mm


Depth of Bolt Sleeve, Ls Ls= (16x 10) = 160.0 mm

Developed Maximum Compressive Flexural Stress σcpk= (3 x Ab,eff x τvf) / (DS X LS) As per IRC 83- P3.
= (3 x 156.83x 80) / (32x 160) Cl. 926.3.6.4

= 7.35 Mpa As per IRC 83- P3.


Permissible Compressive Flexural Stress = 0.33 x Fck Cl. 926.2.1
Grade of Concrete = 40 Mpa
= (0.33 x 40)
Check of Maximum Compressive Fexural Stress = 13.20 Mpa > 7.35 Hence OK

Design of Anchor Plate

Reinforcing plate thickness check for outer plate


Clause 5.2.3.5
Minimum thickness required for outer steel plate ts,o = (𝐾𝑝 ∗ 𝐹𝑧𝑑 ∗ 𝑡1 + 𝑡2 ∗ 𝐾ℎ ∗γm ) IRC 83:2015
Ar *fy
Properties of Steel laminates:
Yield stress of steel ,fy = 240 N/mm2
Factor for induced tensile stresses ,Kh = 1.00 Clause 5.2.3.5
Stress Correction factor,Kp = 1.30 IRC 83:2015
Partial Safety factor, γm = 1.00
Thickness of internal Elastomer Layer t1 = ti = 15 mm
= (1.3x112.4784x 1000*(15)x1x1)/(41504.86x240)
= 0.44 mm
Provide Top & Bottom Anchor Plate = 16 mm OK As per IRC 83- P2.
Cl.5.2.2

GN - ST - 11 R0
Sensitivity: LNT Construction Internal Use
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