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2. LISTA DE ADJETIVOS CON SU PREPOSICIÓN 63. Happy ABOUT: Feliz con.

EN INGLÉS (orden alfabético) 64. Hopeful OF / ABOUT: Esperanzado u optimista con /


1. Accused OF: Acusado de. sobre.
2. Accustomed TO: Acostumbrado a. 65. Identical TO: Idéntico a.
3. Addicted TO: Adicto a. 66. Immune TO: Inmune a.
4. Afraid OF: Tener miedo de. 67. Impressed WITH: Impresionado con.
5. Allergic TO: Alérgico a. 68. Incapable OF: Incapaz de.
6. Amazed AT / BY: Asombrado por. 69. Indifferent TO: Indiferente a.
7. Angry WITH: Cabreado con. 70. Inferior TO: Inferior a.
8. Annoyed ABOUT / WITH / AT: Molesto por (algo) / con 71. Innocent OF: Inocente de.
(alguien) / por (verbo). 72. Interested IN: Interesado en.
9. Anxious ABOUT: Preocupado por. 73. Involved WITH: Involucrado en / con.
10. Appreciated FOR: Apreciado por. 74. Jealous OF: Celoso de.
11. Ashamed OF: Avergonzado de. 75. Keen ON: Interesado en.
12. Associated WITH: Asociado con. 76. Kind TO: Amable con.
13. Astonished AT / BY: Maravillado por. 77. Late FOR: tarde por.
14. Attached TO: Unido a. 78. Limited TO: Limitado a.
15. Aware OF: Consciente de. 79. Lucky AT: Tener suerte con.
16. Bad AT: Malo con. 80. Nervous OF / ABOUT: Nervioso por.
17. Based ON: Basado en. 81. Notorious FOR: Conocido por.
18. Beneficial TO: Beneficioso con / para. 82. Opposed TO: Opuesto a.
19. Bored WITH: aburrido por o con. 83. Optimistic ABOUT: Optimista sobre.
20. Brilliant AT: Brillante en. 84. Patient WITH: Paciente con.
21. Busy WITH: Ocupado con. 85. Pessimistic ABOUT: Pesimista sobre.
22. Capable OF: Capaz de. 86. Pleased WITH: Contento con.
23. Careful WITH / ABOUT / OF: Cuidadoso con. 87. Polite TO: Educado con.
24. Certain ABOUT: Seguro de. 88. Popular WITH: Popular con.
25. Characteristic OF: Característico de. 89. Presented WITH: Presentado con.
26. Clever AT: Inteligente en. 90. Proud OF: Orgulloso de.
27. Connected WITH: Conectado con. 91. Punished FOR: Castigado por.
28. Conscious OF: Consciente de. 92. Puzzled BY / ABOUT: Desconcertado por.
29. Content WITH: Contenido con. 93. Qualified FOR: Cualificado para.
30. Crazy ABOUT: Loco / Entusiasmado por. 94. Ready FOR: Listo para.
31. Crowded WITH: Lleno de. 95. Related TO: Relacionado con.
32. Curious ABOUT: Tener curiosidad por. 96. Relevant TO: De importancia para.
33. Delighted AT / ABOUT: Encantado con / por / sobre. 97. Respectful FOR: Respetuoso para.
34. Derived FROM: Derivado de. 98. Responsible FOR: Responsable de.
35. Different FROM: Diferente de. 99. Sad ABOUT: Triste por.
36. Disappointed WITH: Decepcionado con. 100. Safe FROM: A salvo de.
37. Dissatisfied WITH: Insatisfecho con. 101. Satisfied WITH: Satisfecho con.
38. Doubtful ABOUT: Dudoso sobre. 102. Scared OF: Tener miedo de.
39. Eager FOR: Impaciente por. 103. Sensitive TO: Sensible a.
40. Eligible FOR: Elegible para. 104. Serious ABOUT: Ponerse serio sobre.
41. Enthusiastic ABOUT: Entusiasmado con. 105. Shocked BY: Conmocionado por.
42. Envious OF: Envidioso de. 106. Sick OF: Enfermo de.
43. Excellent IN / AT: Excelente en. 107. Similar TO: Similar a.
44. Excited ABOUT: Entusiasmado por. 108. Skilful AT: Hábil en.
45. Experienced IN: Experimentado en. 109. Slow AT: Lento en.
46. Exposed TO: Expuesto a. 110. Sorry FOR / ABOUT: Perdón por.
47. Faithful TO: Fiel a. 111. Successful IN: Exitoso en.
48. Familiar WITH: Familiarizado con. 112. Suitable FOR: Adecuado para.
49. Famous FOR: Famoso por. 113. Superior TO: Superior a.
50. Fed up WITH: Harto de. 114. Sure OF / ABOUT: Seguro de / sobre.
51. Fond OF: Aficionado a. 115. Surprised AT: Sorprendido por.
52. Free OF / FROM: Libre de. 116. Suspicious OF: Sospechoso de.
53. Friendly WITH: Simpático con. 117. Sympathetic WITH: Simpático con.
54. Frightened OF: Tener miedo de / Estar asustado por. 118. Talented AT: Talentoso en.
55. Full OF: Lleno de. 119. Terrible AT: Terrible en.
56. Furious ABOUT: Furioso por. 120. Terrified OF: Aterrorizado de / con.
57. Furnished WITH: Amueblado con. 121. Thankful TO / FOR: Agradecido a / por.
58. Generous WITH / ABOUT: Generoso con. 122. Tired OF: Cansado de.
59. Gentle WITH: Amable con. 123. Typical OF: Típico de.
60. Good AT: Bueno en. 124. Upset ABOUT: Molesto por.
61. Grateful TO: Agradecido por. 125. Worried ABOUT: Preocupado por.
62. Guilty OF / ABOUT: Culpable de.
El Infinitivo en inglés
El infinitivo inglés va normalmente precedido de la partícula 'to':
To be / ser
To run / correr
To speak / hablar
El infinitivo expresa el significado del verbo de una manera general, sin referencia a tiempo alguno.
Además del infinitivo simple, como 'to speak', también hay infinitivos progresivo ('to be speaking'), perfectos ('to
have spoken') y pasivos ('to be spoken')
USOS DEL INFINITIVO
- El infinitivo puede ser usado solo o como parte de una frase de infinitivo.
We began to run / Empezamos a correr
- Puede ser sujeto o complemento en una expresión u oración
To save money now seems impossible / Ahorrar ahora parece imposible
I'ts good to see you / Me alegro de verte
The worse thing is to panic / Lo peor es tener pánico
- Puede expresar un deber u obligación cuando sigue al verbo to be
You are not to smoke here / No debe fumar aquí
- Puede expresar un propósito o la razón por la que alguien hace algo.
He went to England to learn English / Fueron a Inglaterra a aprender inglés.
Craig went to the supermarket to buy some chocolate.
Craig fue al supermercado a comprar chocolate.
NOT ( for to buy / for buying / for buy )
- Puede ser el complemento u objeto de un verbo, nombre o adjectivo.
She wants to pay / Ella quiere pagar
His plan is to keep us in suspense / Su plan es mantenernos en suspense
I had the privilege to work with Mr. Taggart / Tuve el privilegio de trabajar con el señor Taggart
I'm very pleased to meet you / Encantado de conocerle
Craig's very fortunate to have such good friends / Craig tiene mucha suerte de tener tan buenos amigos

- Puede ser usado (sin 'to') después de 'do' o de un order / persuade / remind / teach / warn / beg /
verbo modal auxiliar como 'must', 'may', 'might', would like / would prefer
etc.
Do you live alone? / ¿Vives solo? seeing
I might go to the pub after dinner / Quizás vaya 1. I'm looking forward to the film.
al pub después de la cena 2. I was surprised
not to hear
about the new president.
- Hay verbos en inglés que pueden tener detrás el
Running
objeto y luego un verbo en infinitivo (con ‘to’). 3. is a good form of exercise.
to do
Tell 4. There's a lot of work on the new house.
I told you to wash your hands. NOT I told you that not to w rite
5. John decided to Helen for a month or
you wash your hands.
Invite
two.
She invited me to go to her party. NOT She invited 6. It really is time
to go
.
me that I go to her party.
to see
Allow 7. There are some very interesting things in
They didn’t allow us to smoke in their office. Paris.
NOT They didn’t allow that we not to stay
smoke in their office. 8. We decided until the end of the match.
9. I think you're going to have to give
A continuación os indicamos algunos de los verbos y playing
expresiones que utilizan este patrón: up tennis.
advise / ask can’t bear / cause / encourage / expect 10. You miss
being able
to see your children every
/ forbid / force / get / help / leave / need week.
Sustantivos con preposición obligatoria en inglés
Autor: Alexandra Vraciu | 8 comentarios
El uso correcto de las preposiciones en inglés es una meta difícil de alcanzar por los estudiantes hasta los niveles más
avanzados. En la lección de hoy quiero ampliar los contextos en los que se necesita utilizar una preposición obligatoria.
Hasta ahora hemos hablado de verbos y de adjetivos seguidos por una preposición obligatoria, pero también existen
sustantivos que requieren una preposición:
an invitation to a party / an application for a job / the cost of living / a lack of interest / no hope of winning / a
tax on cigarettes
Aunque por lo general no hay reglas para predecir la distribución de las preposiciones detrás de los sustantivos, os propongo
algunos criterios para facilitar la memorización.
1. Sustantivos que expresan relaciones entre personas u objetos
Suelen estar seguidos por la preposición between cuando se hace referencia a los dos miembros de la relación y por la
preposición with cuando solo se hace referencia a uno de los miembros:
John’s relationship with Sandra /the relationship between John and Sandra
The contrast with yesterday’s weather / the contrast between young and old
A connection with another article / the connection between the two articles
2. Los sustantivos para las tendencias (increase / decrease / rise / fall / reduction etc.)
Pueden ir acompañados por dos preposiciones:
 in para identificar lo que afecta a la tendencia
 of para el valor cuantitativo de la subida o bajada.
An increase of 10% in market share
A fall of 30000 euros in revenue
3. Sustantivos relacionados con las preferencias (need, demand, request, wish, desire, preference, taste, apetite
etc.)
Suelen estar seguidos por la preposición for:
need for public transport
request for information
desire for better work conditions
demand for English courses
4. Sustantivos relacionados con las habilidades o el interes (knowledge, interest, ability, skill, success, expert,
experience etc.)
En este grupo, las preposiciones son menos homogéneas:
knowledge of English
interest in classical music
experience of management
ability in maths
skill at organizing information
success in my search
expert on / at computers
5. Sustantivos relacionados con la actitud (opinion, attitude, respect, sympathy, belief, attack etc.)
opinion of / attitude to the new economic policies
respect / sympathy for the disabled
belief in God
attack on democracy
6. Sustantivos relacionados con problemas y soluciones (trouble, matter, difficulty, answer, solution, way, cause,
reason, method etc.)
trouble / difficulty with learing English
answer / solution / key to the problem
way / method of storing information
cause of / reason for the delay
Nouns and prepositions
de English Grammar Today
Many nouns have particular prepositions which normally follow them. Here are some common examples:

nouns preposition examples

18 is the age at which you are allowed to vote.


age, attempt, point at Fisk is making his third attempt at the world
record.

What’s the reason for your unhappiness?


need, reason,
for Nobody seems to have responsibility forthe
responsibility
budget.

Changes in society have meant that young


changes, differences, people leave home earlier.
in
increase There’s been a steady increase in the value of
the euro.

The police inquiry into the theft continues.


inquiry, investigation,
into She did some research into the causes of back
research
pain.

This is an example of international


cause, example, way of collaboration.
We need to find another way of doing things.

approach, reaction, My reaction to it all was to try to forget it.


to
response Her response to the criticism was very strong.

Typical errors
These are some of the most typical errors with nouns. A good learner’s dictionary will tell you which
prepositions to use after nouns.

Go to our website to get the address of your nearest branch.


address
Not: … the address to your nearest branch.

I saw an advertisement for a teaching job in Malawi which looked


advertisement interesting.
Not: … an advertisement of a teaching job …

There is a growing awareness of the impact of climate change among the


awareness young.
Not: … a growing awareness about the impact of climate change …
Changes in our diet have meant that more and more people suffer heart
disease. (changes that happen)
Not: Changes of our diet …
change The director of studies must be informed of any changes tothe
timetable. (changes that people purposely make)
Not: … of any changes in the timetable. (This means changes that
happen, not those that people purposely make.)

Congratulations on your new job!


congratulations
Not: Congratulations for your new job!

I’d like to do a course in computer programming if I could find a good


course one.
Not: … a course of computer programming …

We went to see an exhibition of Viking jewellery.


exhibition
Not: … an exhibition about Viking jewellery.

Do you have any previous experience of working with children?


(usually followed by the -ing form of a verb)
Not: … previous experience in working with children?
experience
She has ten years’ experience in television and radio.(usually followed
by a noun)
Not: … ten years’ experience on television and radio.

There has been an increase of 200,000 in the city’s population in the last
ten years.
increase (Of is used before numbers and quantities
decrease after increase/decrease/growth; in is used before the thing affected by the
growth change.)
Not: … an increase of the city’s population …
(Compare change in, above.)

Can you give us some information on/about bus tours, please?


information
Not: … some information of bus tours …?

He seems to have less interest in everything these days.


interest
Not: … less interest to everything these days.

The invitation to the reception at the embassy arrived the next day.
invitation
Not: The invitation of the reception …

For this job you need some knowledge of Portuguese.


Not: … some knowledge in Portuguese.
knowledge
He has an amazing knowledge of European history.
Not: … an amazing knowledge about European history.
I need some lessons in how to set up a website.
lesson
Not: I need some lessons of how to …

Can anyone become a member of your book club?


member
Not: … a member in your book club?

Questionnaires are not necessarily the best method ofcollecting


method sociological data.
Not: … the best method to collect …

We understand the need for change but we should move slowly.


Not: … the need of change …
need (Of is used with need in the expression in need of:
The village is in need of a community centre where people, especially
young people, can go in the evenings.)

I was a newcomer to windsurfing so I was very nervous.


newcomer
Not: I was a newcomer of windsurfing …

I’d love to show you some of the nice places in my hometown.


place
Not: … the nice places of my hometown.

The possibility of making contact with other intelligent beings in the


possibility universe is very small.
Not: The possibility to make contact …

The problem of finding a good babysitter is one that many parents have
problem faced.
Not: The problem to find …

I’ve never understood the reason for all these different forms we have to
reason fill in.
Not: … the reason of all …

We all know the risks of getting a virus if we don’t protect our computer.
risk
Not: … the risks for getting a virus …

She did a translation into English of some ancient Chinese poems.


translation
Not: … a translation in English …

The visit to the temple was the high point of the holiday.
visit
Not: The visit in the temple …

(“Nouns and prepositions” de English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)


In / At / On
Son unas de las preposiciones más comunes que se pueden usar para indicar lugar o tiempo: in, at y on.
IN
Significado: en, dentro, dentro de
Uso (lugar): Se usa para indicar tanto espacios cerrados como espacios abiertos.Lo utilizamos para indicar que algo
está dentro de una cosa, en un lugar cerrado, o en el interior de algo físicamente. Sin embargo, como vemos en los ejemplos,
también se utiliza para indicar que se está en un lugar geográfico.
Ejemplos:
I live in Brighton.(Vivo en Brighton.)
The cat is in the box.(El gato está dentro la caja.)
I found your address in the phone book.(He encontrado tu dirección en la guía telefónica.)
My parents arrive in France on Monday.(Mis padres llegan a Francia el lunes.)
Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos con meses, años, épocas, partes del día y períodos de tiempo.
Ejemplos:
We went to Mexico in May.(Fuimos a México en mayo.)
I always run in the mornings.(Siempre corro por las mañanas.)
I will see him in a week.(Le veré en una semana.)
She was born in 1976.(Nació en 1976.)
AT
Significado: en, a, al, cerca de, tocando
Uso (lugar): Se usa delante de edificios como casas, aeropuertos, universidades, para acontecimientos como reuniones,
fiestas, conciertos, deportes, etc., antes de “top” (parte superior), “bottom” (parte inferior), “the end of” (al final de) y
detrás de “arrive” (llegar) cuando nos referimos a lugares que no sean ciudades o países.
Ejemplos:
He is at home.(Él está en casa.)
I always visit my sister at work.(Siempre visito a mi hermana en el trabajo.)
We eat at the table.(Comemos en la mesa.)
She will see him at the theatre.(Le verá en el teatro.)
Her name is at the bottom of the page.(Su nombre está en la parte inferior de la página.)
When did you arrive at the airport?(¿Cuándo llegaste al aeropuerto?)
Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos delante de la hora y de fiestas.
Ejemplos:
He runs every morning at 6.(Él corre cada mañana a las 6.)
I will see them at Christmas.(Les veré en Navidad.)
ON
Significado: sobre, encima de algo, tocando
Uso (lugar): Se coloca delante de nombres de lugares con base como mesas, suelos, etc., cuando nos referimos a partes
de una habitación como el techo o la pared y para indicar que alguien está dentro de un transporte público o en una planta de
un edificio.
Ejemplos:
The pen is on the table.(El bolígrafo está sobre la mesa.)
They have a photograph of Paris on the wall.(Tienen una foto de París en la pared.)
I am on the bus.(Estoy en el autobús.)
Her apartment is on the second floor.(Su piso está en la segunda planta.)
Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos con días de la semana, fechas y fiestas.
Ejemplos:
They went to Mexico on the first of May.(Fueron a Méjico el día uno de mayo.)
He runs on Mondays and Fridays.(Él corre los lunes y los viernes.)
I will see Luis on his birthday.(Veré a Luis en su cumpleaños.)