Você está na página 1de 26

# Appendix V

## School : Senior High School

Subject : Physic
Matter : Sound Waves
Class/Semester : XI/2
Basic Competence : 3.10 Applying the concepts and principles of sound waves in the technology

## No. Indicator Problem Discussion Depth Answers

1. Knowing the 1. Sound waves included into the waves… Sound waves are longitudinal C1 B
characteristics of sound a. Transversal waves whose direction of
waves and its causes b. Longitudinal vibration is in the direction of
c. Electromagnetic its propagation direction
d. Propagate
e. Creeping

## 2. If an astronaut strikes a drum on Earth's satellites, he Condition of the occurrence of C2 B

cannot hear the sound because … sound:
a. Gravity on the moon is very small  There is the sound source
b. The moon is no air as an intermediary for the  There are medium /
sound of intermediary, such as water,
c. The space is too large, there is no sound air or metal
reflection  There is a sound receiver,

95
Appendix V

## d. The temperature is very cold, sound wave is for example ear

freezing
e. The pressure is very low

3. Tono shouted out loud in front of the high cliff. A The benefits of reflection sound C2 B
few seconds later heard the echo which is reflected including:
sound of his voice. If Tono had recorded the time  Measure the distance of
interval between echoes and scream, and knowing two places
the propagation of sound in air at the time, then the  Measure the depth of the
reflected sound Tono could utilize it to find out… sea or cave
a. Altitude climbing from sea surface  Metal detecting cracks
b. Distance from the cliff Tono shout  USG
c. The width of Tono’s cliff wall
d. Humidity of the air around the cliffs
e. Wind speed that leads to Tono

96
Appendix V

4. You're standing beside a red light pole while One of the properties of sound C2 A
travelling to school. From the distance came the ispropagating through the air
sound of ambulance sirens although ambulances medium. The sound can be
have not seen. It showed that the sound can be ... heardor reached the human
a. Propagate through the air medium. earbecause it propagates. In the
b. Suspension with another wave casein this matter, the speed of
c. Resonating with surrounding air soundgreater than thespeed of
d. Reflected by surrounding objects the car.Therefore, the sound has
e. Increased frequency been heardeven though the car
has not been seen.

2 Analyzebasic propertiesof 5. Consider the following tuning fork that vibrates the Sound is a longitudinal wave, C5 E
wavessound image below! which has a series of density
and strain
C A movement.Longitudinal waves
have a directionof vibration in
the direction ofwave
propagation.
B D At the time of the tuning fork is
vibratedhorizontally in the

## 1) Produced by impulse repeated horizontally abdomenor the knot willproduce

a vibration direction andwave

97
Appendix V

## 2) Produced by impulse repeated vertically propagation indicated by the

3) Symbol C is a strain and a symbol D is a density symbol A. And produce
4) Symbol C is a density and a symbol D is a strain densityindicated by the letter
5) The direction of vibration is indicated by the D,and strain asindicated by the
arrow A and its direction indicated by the arrow letter C.
B Then, the correct statementis the
6) The direction of vibration is indicated by the number 1, 3 and 8.
arrow B and the direction of its propagation is
shown by the arrow A
7) The direction of vibration in the direction of
wave propagation indicated by the arrow B
8) The direction of vibration in the direction of
wave propagation is indicated by arrows A
The correct statement regarding the above picture
is…
a. 1 and 2
b. 3 and 4
c. 5 and 6
d. 7 and 8
e. 8 and 1

98
Appendix V

## 6. Sound waves in the gas can be subject to Sound waves in gasesare C5 C

interferenceCAUSESound waves are transverse longitudinal wave.Sound waves
waves in gases. The above statement and reasons havesymptoms of wave fusionor
are valuable… interference, which isdivided
a. True statement and true reasons intotwo, namely
b. The statement is true and wrong reasons interferenceconstructive (sound
c. Wrong statements and wrong reasons reinforcement)and destructive
d. Wrong statement and true reasons interference (noise attenuation).
e. No link between the statement and the reasons Statements and reason are both
wrong.

99
Appendix V

3. Analyze the propagation 7. A diver who was on the seabed at a depth of 200 m Solution: C3 E
ofsound waves to hear the whistle of the boat. If a rapid Known: d = 200 m
propagation of sound in seawater 160 m / s, an v = 160 m / s
interval of reflection of sound waves to be received Asked: t?
by the whistle blower is ... Answer:
a. 1.6 s 2d = v.t
b. 2,5 s 2𝑑
𝑡=
c. 4.1 s 𝑣
d. 16 s 2 . 200𝑚
𝑡=
e. 25 s 160𝑚/𝑠
400𝑚
𝑡 = 160𝑚/𝑠 = 2,5 s

## 8. Propagation of the biggest sound on... Rapid propagation of the C1 D

a. Nitrogen gas biggest sound in solids and the
b. Oxygen gas smallest in the gas substance.
c. Liquid
d. Solid
e. Air

100
Appendix V

## 9. Sound with a wavelength of 1.5 m has a velocity of Solution: C4 B

330 m/s. The resulting frequency value is…Hz and Known:
included in the category…
ν = 330 m/s
a. 240, infrasonic
b. 220, audio sonic λ = 1,5 m

## c. 0,04, ultrasonic Asked: a. f and b. category?

d. 0,0015, infrasonic Answer:
e. 0,0015, audio sonic
a. f = ν / λ

= 330 / 1,5

= 220 Hz

## b. Sound with frequencies

between 20 to 20000 Hz is
audio sonic, and can be heard
by humans.

101
Appendix V

10. At night of lightning sound louder than during the When sound waves C2 A
day due to habituation of sound at night close to the propagateand hot air to the cold
normal line. The statement is true because… air oron the contrary, sound
a. At night the upper of air hotter than the air in the wavesthe will be
lower layers (near the ground). Thus the speed of refracted.During theday, the air
sound in the lower layer is smaller than the top temperature intheatmosphere
layer. And refraction of lightning sound near to tends to be hotterthan
normal line. thetemperature ofsurrounding
b. At night the upper of air is more digested than airEarth's surface.As a result,
the air in lower layer (near the ground). Thus the wavesthe soundwill be refracted
speed of sound in the lower layer is smaller than over anddirection of getting
the top layer. And refraction of lightning near to awayto our ears. Conversely,at
normal line. night the temperature of the
c. At night the upper of air hotter than the air in the airaround the surface ofearththe
lower layers (near the ground). Thus the speed of washotter, so thesound waves
sound in the lower layer is smaller than the top toward the atmosphere will be
layer. And refraction lightning sounds away biaseddownwards. As a result,
from the normal line. the direction ofthe sound
d. At night the upper air is hotter than the lower wavesgrew closer andlouder.
layer (near the ground). Thus the speed of sound

102
Appendix V

## in the lower layer is greater than the upper layer.

And refraction ofnear to normal line.
e. At night the upper layer of air hotter than the air
in the lower layers (near the ground). Thus the
speed of sound in the lower layer is greater than
the upper layer. And refraction lightning sounds
away from the normal line.

4. Implementation sound 11. Consider the table below! Based on the frequency, the C2 A
waves based on their sound can be distinguished
No Living Things Frequency Category
frequency three, namely:
1. Infrasonic, i.e. a sound that
1 Cricket and horse 10 Hz infrasound
has a frequency less than 20 Hz.
For example crickets and
2 dolphins and bats to 100,000 Audio
elephants
Hz sonic
2. Audiosonic, i.e. a sound that
has frequencies between 20 Hz
3 Children and horse 1,000 Hz Audio to
sonic 20,000 Hz. Humans are living
beings who can hear sounds
audio sonic.
3. Ultrasonic, sound that has a

103
Appendix V

## frequency of more than 20,000

4 grasshoppers and 10 Hz infrasound
Hz. The example is
crickets
Dogs and grasshoppers.
5 Elephants andrat 10,000 Hz Ultrasonic

## The right group is…

a. 1 c. 3 e. 5
b. 2 d. 4

5. Understanding a material 12. Rubber can emit sound by… Rubber can function like astring C1 E
orobject that can be used a. Beat or strings that canmake a noise.
as a sound source b. Beaten So,in a way of stretchingthen
c. Shaken picked rubber willbe able to
d. Blown make a noise.
e. Picked

104
Appendix V

6 Apply the basic 13. A pipe organ blown open so hard that generates Solution: C3 B
frequency that occur in tones with frequencies above 1700 Hz third. If the Known:
a sound source propagation of sound in air 340 m / s, then the n=3
length of the pipe organ is…cm f3 = 1700 Hz
a. 400 v = 340 m / s
b. 40 Asked: l?
c. 4 Answer:
d. 0.4 F3 = 4v / 2l
e. 0.04 = (4x340) / 2l
= 0.4 m
Thus, L = 4/2 λ
= 0.4 m = 40 cm

## 14. A closed organ pipe produces a second top tone of Known: C3 C

2100 Hz. If the ripple sounds in air 336 m/s, then f2 = 2100 Hz
the pipe length of the organ is equal to…m v = 336 m/s
a. 0,002 Asked: L?
b. 0.02 5
L= 𝜆
4
c. 0,2
𝑣 336
d. 2 𝜆= = = 0,16 𝑚
𝑓 2100
e. 20

105
Appendix V

5
L= 𝜆
4
5
L= x 0,16 = 0,2 m
4

## 15. At the first basic tone frequency the open organ C2 B

pipe waveform pattern is formed. . . .
a. 6 stomach and 3 knots
b. 3 stomach and 2 knot
The first tone frequency of the
c. 3 stomach and 3 knots
open pipe organ wave pattern is
d. 1 stomach and 4 knots
formed are 3 abdomen and 2
e. 1 stomach and 2 knots
knots

106
Appendix V

7. Analyze the application 16. An ambulance and a child away from each other Solution: C3 D
of the Doppler Effect for skilled movements. The ambulance sirens Known:
sound waves frequency fs and moving at a speed vs,while the fcar = fs
child moves with velocity vp.If the sound vcar = vs (moving away)
propagation speed v and the sound of sirens heard vchild = vp (moving away)
by children who heard a child with frame fp based v
on the principle of Doppler is… Asked: fp?
𝑣 Answer:
a. 𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠
𝑣+𝑣𝑠
The car moves away from
𝑣+𝑣𝑝
b. 𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠 the listener, then V isnegative (-
𝑣−𝑣𝑠
𝑣−𝑣𝑝 ). The child moves away from
c. 𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠
𝑣−𝑣𝑠
the source, then v is positive (+)
𝑣+𝑣𝑝
d. 𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠 So the equation isformed
𝑣−𝑣𝑠
𝑣−𝑣𝑝 𝑣 + 𝑣𝑝
e. 𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠 𝑓𝑠 = 𝑓𝑝
𝑣+𝑣𝑠 𝑣 − 𝑣𝑠

## 17. A fire truck moving at a speed of 30 m / s while Solution C3 E

sirens that produced a frequency of 900 Hz. Known:
Differences in the frequency heard by someone who vCar = 30 m / s
lived in the street when the ambulance approached fcar = 900 Hz
and away from it, if the rapid propagation of the air v = 340 m / s
Asked: f?

107
Appendix V

## when it was 340 m / s is about…Hz Answer:

a. 30 When the ambulance
b. 60 movingtoward the observer,
c. 95 then thev value(+). thus,
d. 135 340𝑚/𝑠
𝑓𝑝 = 900𝐻𝑧
e. 161 340 + 30𝑚/𝑠

fp = (340ms-1/ 370ms-1)900Hz
= 0.918 m / s • 900 Hz
= 826 Hz
When the ambulance moves
away from an observer, then vis
worth the negative (-). thus,
340𝑚/𝑠
𝑓𝑝 = 900𝐻𝑧
340 − 30𝑚/𝑠

## fp= (340ms-1 / 310ms-1)900Hz

= 1.097 m / s • 900 Hz
= 987 Hz
Thus, differences in frequencies
heard by someone who
lived by: 987.3 Hz - 826.2Hz =
161 Hz.

108
Appendix V

## 18. Objects A is a sound source which emits a tone with C3 C

a frequency p. B is the listener. When a and b dwell
in their place, b hear the tone with a frequency q.
Then b moving toward a so tone heard humming r.
After passing a tone is heard humming s b.
Frequency relations p, q, r and s declared…
a. p = q = r = s
b. q = p, r> p, s> p
c. q = p, r> p, s <p
d. q = p, r <p, s> p
e. q <p, r <p, s <p

## 19. If the sound source moves with velocity v Solution: C4 B

approaching a silent listener, compared with a Known:
stationary sound source and listener closer to the
S V
sound source at the same speed, then the sound…
a. The same height V=0
P

## b. The first is higher than the second

c. The first is lower than the second V P
d. First getting louder, the latter weakened S
V=0
e. The first and second weakened louder

109
Appendix V

Answer:

than the second

## 20. A locomotive approaching the station at a speed of Known: C3 E

40 m / s while issuing a whistle sound of 2100 Hz. v = 320 m/s
The speed of sound in the air while the 320 m/s. vs = 40 m / s
Frequencies heard by someone in stationis .... vp = 0 m / s
a. 1918 Hz fs = 2100 Hz
b. 1933 Hz Asked: fp?
c. 2100 Hz Answer:
d. 2281 Hz Source approach, itis negative (-
e. 2400 Hz )
𝑣 + 𝑣𝑝
𝑓𝑝 = 𝑓𝑠
𝑣 − 𝑣𝑠
320 + 0
𝑓𝑝 = 2100𝐻𝑧
320 − 40
= 2399.99
= 2400 Hz

110
Appendix V

8. Understanding symptoms 21. Beats of sound occur because… Beat sound caused by C2 C
Beat a. 3 types of pieces of different sources, with the thedifference of two sound
same difference frequency sourcesare very small.
b. 3 types of fruit the same source, with the same
difference frequency
c. 3 types of pieces of different sources, with the
difference that different frequencies
d. 2 types of fruit are equally strong sound
e. 2 types of sound equally low

9. Analyze symptoms beats 22. Two sources of silent sounds a and b emit sounds of Solution: C4 E
sound equal frequency of 374 Hz. Observer c is between Known:
(v = 340 m / s). If c moves close to a with speed of
f = 374 Hz
10 m/s. So the sounds that sounded c are as big as. .
. . Hz v = 340 m/s

a. 38 vc = 10 m/s
b. 36
c. 28 Asked: fL ?
d. 26 Answer:
e. 22

111
Appendix V

𝑣 + 10
𝑓𝑝AC = 𝑓𝑠
𝑣+0
340 + 10
𝑓𝑝AC = 374
340 + 0
350
𝑓𝑝AC = 374
340
𝑓𝑝AC = 385 Hz

𝑣 − 10
𝑓𝑝BC = 𝑓𝑠
𝑣+0
340 − 10
𝑓𝑝BC = 374
340 + 0
330
𝑓𝑝BC = 374
340
𝑓𝑝BC = 363 Hz

𝑓𝐿 = 𝑓𝑝𝐴𝐶 − 𝑓𝑝𝐵𝐶
𝑓𝐿 = 385 − 363 = 22 𝐻𝑧

112
Appendix V

10. To evaluate definition 23. The intensity of the sound at the ball fields based on Equation sound intensity C5 C
sound energy (intensity the sound source proportional to the square with her 𝑃
𝐼=
and level of intensity) fingersCAUSEball surface area is proportional to 𝐴
𝑃
the square of its radius and the statement that reason 𝐼 =
4𝜋²
is worth…
From the equation it can be
a. correct and incorrect statement of reasons
seen that theintensitysoundat the
b. true and correct statement of reasons
ball fieldinversely proportional
c. statement is wrong and right reasons
to thesquare of its radius.
d. false statements and one of the reasons
Because
e. statements and reasons not worth
theareasurfaceproportionalballto
the square fingers. Statement of
wrong andreasonsright

113
Appendix V

a. decibel
b. hertz
c. amplitude
d. meter
e. sound

## 25. The sound intensity level is… Magnitude ofthat is used to C2 E

a. Intensity sound to measure the low measure the sound is powerful
b. Sound to measure with high intensity sound intensity level
c. Scale used to measure the sound does not hurt
d. The amount used remedy measure weak sound
e. Scale used to measure thepowerful sound

114
Appendix V

11 Evaluate the sound 26. The level of sound intensity of a typewriter is 75 Solution: C3 D
db. the level of sound intensity of 15 typewriters
energy (intensity and Known:
used simultaneously is. . . .
intensity level) a. 75 db TI1 = 75 dB
b. 75,67 db
n = 15 mesin
c. 75,76 db
d. 76, 67 db log 15 = 0,17
e. 76,76 db
Asked: TIn?
TIn = TI1 + 10 log n
= 75 + 10 log 15
= 75 + 10 x 0,17
= 75 + 1,7 = 76,67 dB

27. Notice the table regarding the following intensity At the intensity 102 watts/m2 C4 C
level!
produces the sound source
Intensity Activity Hearing
-10 intensity level of 140 dB. In this
10 (a) Whisper (d) Can still be
heard (g)
-4 TI, comes from the source of
10 (b) Normal Can still be
conversation (e) heard and pain fighter aircraft sound, but it can
arises (h) still be heard and the pain arises
102 (c) Fighter aircraft Threshold limit
(f) (i) because it has passed the
threshold of comfort.
From the data, the right pair are…
a. (a)-(d)-(h) d. (a)-(f)-(g)
b. (b)-(e)-(g) e. (b)-(e)-(h)
c. (c)-(f)-(h)

115
Appendix V

## 28. The sound intensity level of a machine is 60db Solution: C3 E

(with reference threshold intensity hearing = 10-12 Known:
w/m). If the level of intensity in the plant space TI1 = 60 dB
using a number of machines is 80db, then the I = 10-12 W/m
number of machines it uses is. . . . TIn= 80 dB
a. 200 Asked: n?
b. 140 Answer:
c. 100 TI n =TI1 + 10 log n
d. 20 80 = 60 + 10 log n
e. 10 80 – 60 = 10 log n
20 = 10 log n
Log 102 = log n
100 = n

116
Appendix V

12. Evaluate the useof sound 29. Note the picture below! Imagesrepresentof the useof C2 C
waves on awide range of sound waves ineveryday life.
uses ineveryday life -day In Figure 1, showsthe use of
on technology sound in the field ofmedicine,
applications in whichbeingisconducted ct-scan
toa patient to close of disease
inthe body.
In figure 2, showsa device used
inrice fields. Inagriculturethis
instrument producesultrasonic
waves tohelp farmers
repelpests/animals peststheir
plant.
In figure 3, showingthe use of
sound wavesin the marine field.
That isto detect enemy
submarines.
In Figure 4, showsthe use of
sound wavesin the field of
geophysics.Together with
geologists todetect deposits

117
Appendix V

Pictures which is the use ofsound waves in the field of ofoil or minerals valuable
marine andgeophysical shown… In Figure 5, showsthe use of
a. 5 and 2 d. 2 and 5 sound wavesin the industry.
b. 4 and 3 e. 1 and 5 Whereare underway detection
c. 3 and 4 of damage or cracking inthe
metal structure.

## 30. The following statements relate to sounds, sound C2 B

traits and sound utilization: Sound properties:
1. including electromagnetic waves a) Sound waves require a
2. including transverse waves medium (mechanical wave)
3. including longitudinal waves b) Sound waves are reflected
4. can be reflected c) Sound waves refract
5. can be polarized d) Sound waves experience
6. may be biased flexing
7. can travel in a vacuum e) Sound waves are mixed
8. can propagate on solids
9. the speed of sound in the air is greater than the
speed of sound in the water
10. is used for seed or seed broadcasting
11. Elephants can hear sounds below 20 Hz

118
Appendix V

sound is...
a. 1, 2, 3, 5
b. 3, 4, 6, 8
c. 6, 7, 10, 11
d. 1, 5, 9, 11
e. 2, 7, 10, 11

119
Appendix V

120