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SRM450 ACTIVE

SOUND REINFORCEMENT
MONITOR USER’S MANUAL
AND WARRANTY REGISTRATION

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7. Heat — This Mackie product should be situated away from heat
sources such as radiators, or other devices which produce heat.
CAUTION AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK 8. Power Sources — This Mackie product should be connected to a
DO NOT OPEN power supply only of the type described in these operation
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE instructions or as marked on this Mackie product.
NE PAS OUVRIR
9. Power Cord Protection — Power supply cords should be routed
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK) so that they are not likely to be walked upon or pinched by items
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE placed upon or against them, paying particular attention to cords at
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit this
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC
ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE. AUCUN Mackie product.
ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER. CONFIER
L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE. 10. Object and Liquid Entry — Care should be taken so that
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU objects do not fall into and liquids are not spilled into this Mackie
D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE product.

The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral


11. Damage Requiring Service — This Mackie product should be
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated serviced only by qualified service personnel when:
"dangerous voltage" within the product's enclosure that may be
of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons. A. The power-supply cord or the plug has been
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle
équilatéral est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à damaged; or
l'intérieur du coffret de "voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur
suffisante pour constituer un risque d'éléctrocution. B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has spilled into this
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to Mackie product; or
alert the user of the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance. C. This Mackie product has been exposed to rain; or
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est
employé pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions
importantes pour le fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le
D. This Mackie product does not appear to operate
livret d'instruction accompagnant l'appareil. normally or exhibits a marked change in performance;
or
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS E. This Mackie product has been dropped, or its chassis
1. Read Instructions — All the safety and operation instructions damaged.
should be read before this Mackie product is operated.
12. Servicing — The user should not attempt to service this
2. Retain Instructions — The safety and operating instructions Mackie product beyond those means described in this operating
should be kept for future reference. manual. All other servicing should be referred to the Mackie Service
3. Heed Warnings — All warnings on this Mackie product and in Department.
these operating instructions should be followed. 13. To prevent electric shock, do not use this polarized plug with an
4. Follow Instructions — All operating and other instructions extension cord, receptacle or other outlet unless the blades can be
should be followed. fully inserted to prevent blade exposure.

5. Water and Moisture — This Mackie product should not be used Pour préevenir les chocs électriques ne pas utiliser cette fiche
near water – for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, polariseé avec un prolongateur, un prise de courant ou une autre
laundry tub, in a wet basement, near a swimming pool, swamp or sortie de courant, sauf si les lames peuvent être insérées à fond
salivating St. Bernard dog, etc. sans laisser aucune pariie à découvert.

6. Ventilation — This Mackie product should be situated so 14. Grounding or Polarization — Precautions should be taken so
that its location or position does not interfere with its proper that the grounding or polarization means of this Mackie product is
ventilation. For example, the Component should not be situated not defeated.
on a bed, sofa, rug, or similar surface that may block any 15. This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever
ventilation openings, or placed in a built-in installation such as a is applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
bookcase or cabinet that may impede the flow of air through as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
ventilation openings. Department of Communications.
ATTENTION —Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils
numériques de class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le
PORTABLE CART WARNING règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par les ministere
Carts and stands - The des communications du Canada.
Component should be used
only with a cart or stand
that is recommended by
the manufacturer.
A Component and cart
combination should be
moved with care. Quick
stops, excessive force, and
uneven surfaces may cause
the Component and cart WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or electric
combination to overturn.
shock, do not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
Lend Me Your Ears
Exposure to extremely According to OSHA, any exposure in
high noise levels may excess of these permissible limits could
cause permanent hear- result in some hearing loss. To ensure
ing loss. Individuals vary against potentially dangerous exposure to
considerably in susceptibility to noise-in- high sound-pressure levels, it is recommend-
duced hearing loss, but nearly everyone will ed that all persons exposed to equipment
lose some hearing if exposed to sufficiently capable of producing these levels use hearing
intense noise for a period of time. The U.S. protectors while this unit is in operation.
Government’s Occupational Safety and Ear plugs or protectors in the ear canals or
Health Administration (OSHA) has speci- over the ears must be worn when operating
fied the permissible noise level exposures this amplification system in order to prevent
shown in this chart. a permanent hearing loss if exposure is in
excess of the limits set forth here.

Duration Per Day Sound Level dBA, Typical


In Hours Slow Response Example
8 90 Duo in small club
6 92
4 95 Subway Train
3 97
2 100 Very loud classical music
1.5 102 The SRM450
1 105 Patrice screaming at Ron about deadlines can produce a
0.5 110 maximum SPL
0.25 or less 115 Loudest parts at a rock concert of 123 dB @ 1m

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ....................................................... 4 CONNECTIONS ...................................................... 10
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS ............................................... 6 PLACEMENT .......................................................... 10
Quick Start ........................................................ 6 RIGGING ................................................................ 11
REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION .................................... 8 THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS ................................ 12
IEC Socket .................................................. 8 AC POWER CONSIDERATIONS .............................. 12
POWER Switch ............................................ 8 SERVICE INFORMATION ........................................ 14
POWER ON Indicator ................................... 8 Warranty Service ............................................. 14
TIMED TURNOFF......................................... 8 Troubleshooting ............................................... 14
THERMAL Indicator ..................................... 8 Repair ............................................................. 16
CONTOUR ................................................... 9 CARE AND MAINTENANCE.................................... 16
LOW CUT .................................................... 9 SPECIFICATIONS ................................................... 17
LEVEL ......................................................... 9 BLOCK DIAGRAM .................................................. 18
SIGNAL PRESENT Indicator ........................ 9 SRM450 LIMITED WARRANTY ............................... 19
PEAK Indicator ............................................ 9
INPUT Connector ........................................ 9
THRU Connector ......................................... 9
ACCESSORY Plate ...................................... 9

Don’t forget to visit our website at www.mackie.com


for more information about these and other Mackie products.

Part No. 820-158-00 Rev. B 7/16/99


©1999 Mackie Designs Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. 3
INTRODUCTION FR Series Power Amplifiers
Thank you for choosing Mackie Designs’ To power these beautiful things, each
active sound reinforcement monitors. SRM450 includes two of our acclaimed FR
The SRM450 is an active two-way loud- Series “Fast Recovery” power amplifiers. Our
speaker system capable of extremely high exclusive design uses low negative feedback,
sound pressure levels, and designed to give yet allows the amplifiers to maintain low dis-
you the best performance of any loud- tortion and stability and to quickly recover
speaker in its class and price range. when driven into clipping.
Our design goal was to build a sound re- The amplifiers include the following
inforcement monitor with the same fidelity features:
and flat frequency response found in our • The low-frequency amplifier produces
reknowned HR824 studio monitors. We up to 540 watts peak (300 continuous)
think you’ll agree that the SRM450 sound before clipping.
quality and accuracy reaches this goal and • The high-frequency amplifier produces
more. The result is a sound reinforcement up to 150 watts peak (100 continuous)
system worthy of the name “Monitor,” before clipping.
equally at home in a concert setting, in the • Each amplifier has its own compressor
studio, impromptu concerts on the studio circuit that acts when the input signal is
roof, in the cinema, or in a home theater. large enough to cause clipping, distor-
Mackie Designs’ entry into the sound tion and excessive voice coil heat. The
reinforcement loudspeaker market began compressor will automatically decrease
with the acquisition, in June of 1998, of the input signal to a safe level. The
Radio Cine Forniture (RCF), headquartered compressor in the low-frequency amp
in Reggio Emilia, Italy. RCF has a long tra- works independently from that in the
dition in developing speaker technology for high-frequency amp.
the high-end pro-audio market. • The low-frequency amp uses a servo
The Transducers feedback loop which senses the current
flowing in the woofer coil. This controls
The SRM450 active monitors feature a the low-frequency response and main-
12” high-power low-frequency woofer and tains low distortion at high output levels.
a 1.75” titanium diaphragm high-output
• The low-frequency amplifier also has a
precision compression driver. This high
sweeping filter. This will automatically
frequency driver is mounted on an acousti-
move the low cut-off frequency up or
cally non-resonant exponential waveguide,
down depending on the amplifier
providing a wide, controlled dispersion and
output. For example, if the amplifier is
precise reproduction of the critical upper
below clipping, the low-frequency cut-
mid-range and high frequencies. The result
off point is 55Hz. As it approaches
is an unbelievably smooth off-axis response
clipping, this shifts up smoothly to
that allows everyone in the audience to
120Hz, providing more power reserves
experience the same high-resolution audio
and less distortion before clipping. This
no matter where they are seated.
happens quickly and continuously,
Each driver has been specifically designed
protecting the amplifer and the woofer
by our engineers for optimum performance
and reducing any noticable distortion.
in the lightweight high-strength cabinet.

Warning: Although the


amplifiers have these
protection circuits, you
must still make sure the
PEAK light is not blink-
ing often or continuously. If it is, turn down
your mixer faders, or preamplifier gain, or
turn down the SRM450 LEVEL control.

4
The Crossover The Active Advantage
The built-in electronic crossover is a There are a number of advantages to us-
24 dB/octave Linkwitz-Riley design. ing an active speaker system over a passive
Although more expensive than other cross- loudspeaker:
over designs, the benefits provided by the • The internal crossover is active, and its
Linkwitz-Riley design have been well docu- low power circuitry operates on line-
mented. These benefits include: level signals. It does not waste
• Absolutely flat frequency response speaker-level power like a passive
throughout the bandpass, without the crossover with large coils, caps, and
characteristic ripple near the crossover resistors.
point exhibited by other designs. • The input signals are crossed over
• The sharp 24 dB per octave roll-off of before they reach the amplifiers, so each
the filters ensures that the transducers amplifier only receives the correct
aren’t reproducing frequencies outside frequency range for its driver.
of their capabilities. • The amplifiers are designed specifically
• The acoustic sum of the two driver for these speaker load impedances.
responses is unity at the crossover There is no guesswork as to what load
frequency, resulting in perfect power each amplifier has to drive, so they can
response. provide maximum acoustic output from
• Our heroic engineers have worked the speakers, yet minimize the danger of
carefully to ensure that the SRM450 speaker damage due to overdriving a
also provides perfect phase response. lesser amplifier.
This diligence has yielded phenomenal • The connecting wires between the
accuracy, even if you are standing 20 amplifier outputs and the drivers are
feet away. kept to a minimum, so the damping
factor of the amplifier isn’t compro-
The Cabinet mised by the resistance of long speaker
The SRM450 cabinet was designed to be cables. In addition, all the power from
the strongest molded composite cabinet on the amplifier is transferred directly to
the planet. This material is as strong as con- the drivers with no speaker cable losses.
crete, and rigid enough to prevent • The acoustic sum of the outputs from
unwanted vibrations in the cabinet. It has the two drivers is optimized electroni-
built-in fly points for hanging, and a socket cally, as well as physically, so the
in the bottom for mounting on a tripod amplitude response is flat and there is
stand. Although it is an exceptional choice no lobing error.
for installed sound situations, its light • The presence of active circuits within
weight and durable finish also make it ideal the speaker cabinet allow the designer
for portable sound system use. The asym- to add on extra details, such as a high
metrical trapezoidal design of the cabinet quality mic/line input section and
makes it easy to use as a floor wedge for optional accessory modules.
stage monitor applications. In short, all the complex interconnected
components in the system are designed to
work in harmony with each other to pro-
duce the best possible sound. (Even for
Uncle Bert’s star performance on spoons!)
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5
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
Quick Start
1. Start with the following settings on the 3. Connect the supplied AC power cord to
back of the SRM450: the IEC socket on the back of the
Turn the POWER switch off (down). SRM450. Plug the other end into an AC
outlet properly configured with the
Set the TIMED TURNOFF, CONTOUR,
correct voltage for your particular model.
and LOW CUT switches out.
4. Turn on your signal source. Make sure its
Master Volume control (if it has one) is
WARNING: Turn the turned all the way down.
LEVEL control down
5. Turn on the SRM450 POWER switch.
(counterclockwise)
before every use. If not, 6. Start the signal source, whether it be
you could be in for a speaking into a microphone or starting a
startling surprise, especially if the last CD player. Adjust any volume controls on
time you used it was with a microphone the signal source for normal operation.
and now you want to connect a line- 7. Slowly turn up the LEVEL control on
level source. the back of the SRM450 until the
2. Connect the output from your signal desired volume is reached (and the
source (mixing console, microphone, PEAK light does not come on). Always
preamp, or other mic- or line-level wear hearing protectors if you are close
source) directly to the INPUT connector when it is playing at high levels.
on the back of the SRM450. It accepts 8. If there is no sound, always turn down
balanced line-level signals from mixers, the SRM450 LEVEL control before
preamplifiers, CD players, tape decks, investigating. There may be a mixer or
etc., and accepts direct connections from preamplifier mute or tape switch
dynamic microphones. engaged, or a mic switch off.

Left Right
Line level Line level
Next
Output Output
Next 1202-VLZ PRO

Mixer or
Thru Thru Preamplifier

1202-VLZ PRO

Daisy-chaining
SRM450s

SRM450: STEREO OPERATION WITH A MIXER, AND USING THE THRU JACK
6
For microphone connections, you can
daisy-chain up to two SRM450s using the
THRU jacks as shown. Dynamic
Microphone
Take great care to point any micro-
phones away from the SRM450s, otherwise
you may get feedback.

THRU
Output

SRM450: USING A MICROPHONE AND THE THRU JACK

The SRM450 can be ,,,,,,,,,,


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used with a Mackie ,,,,,,,,,,
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yyyyyyyyyy ,,,,,,,,,,,
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SRS1500a Subwoofer to ,,,,,,,,,,
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create an incredibly ,,,,,,,,,,
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powerful system. ,,,,,,,,,,
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The active crossover ,,,,,,,,,,
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inside the SRS1500a
splits the full range in-
put signal into two
ranges. The SRS1500a Pole Pole
plays the low frequency Mount Power Mount Power
Cord Cord
range through its 600 Line-level Line-level
watt amplifier and 15- Hi-pass Hi-pass
out out
inch woofer, and sends
the high-pass range to
the SRM450.
The SRM450 can be
Full Full
pole mounted on top of Range Range
the SRS1500a as shown,
saving the cost of a
tripod stand. 1202-VLZPRO

SRS1500a SRS1500a
plays the low Power plays the low Power
frequencies Cords frequencies Cords

SRM450: BIAMPING WITH A POWERED SUBWOOFER


7
REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION
The SRM450 has several connectors, TIMED TURNOFF
controls, and indicators that you should
When this switch is pushed in, the built-
understand.
in amplifiers turn on and off depending on
IEC Socket the presence or absence of an input signal.
An input signal level of –45 dBu (mini-
This is where you connect the supplied
mum) activates the auto-on function. A
AC linecord to provide AC power to the
silent period greater than three minutes
SRM450’s built-in power amplifiers. Plug
activates the auto-off function. The blue
the linecord into an AC socket properly
LED on the front of the speaker reflects the
configured for your particular model.
state of the amplifiers.
Note: If you happen to lose the AC
linecord, replacements are readily available THERMAL Indicator
at any office or computer supply store. Al-
This LED lights if the heatsink tempera-
ways use a three-pin plug with a ground
ture exceeds a safe operating temperature
pin.
and triggers the thermal safety switch.
POWER Switch When this occurs, the built-in amplifiers
shut down until the heatsink temperature
Switch up to turn the SRM450 on, and
cools back down. Then the thermal switch
switch down to turn it off. Make sure the
resets itself, the THERMAL indicator turns
level control is down before you turn it on.
off, and normal operation resumes.
POWER ON Indicator
If the SRM450 keeps
When the POWER switch is turned on, shutting down, make
and the linecord is connected to an active sure the PEAK light is
AC Mains supply, this indicator, located not lighting frequently or
just above the POWER switch, glows to let continuously, and that
you know that you’re ready to rock and there is plenty of ventilation to the rear
roll. The cool blue LED on the front of the panel. Please see “Thermal Considerations”
speaker works in the same way. on page 12.

8
CONTOUR PEAK Indicator
Pushing in this switch engages a filter When the signal levels at the amplifier
that provides 3 dB of boost to the low and outputs approach clipping, a soft compres-
high frequencies (below 100Hz and above sion circuit is activated that reduces the
10kHz). This provides a punchy, crisp input signal. The PEAK LED lights when-
sound for most live music applications. You ever the compression circuit is active. At
can experiment with this switch by leaving this time, the SRM450 may reach sound
it out for a while, then pushing it in to de- pressure levels of 120 dB or more.
termine which way sounds best for your It’s okay for the PEAK indicator to blink
application. It is especially useful when lis- occasionally, but if it blinks frequently or
tening at lower volumes, as it highlights the continuously, either turn down the signal
bass like a Loudness switch, in addition to level at the mixer or other signal source, or
boosting the highs. turn down the SRM450’s LEVEL control.
Wear hearing protection
LOW CUT if you are close to the
Pushing in this switch engages a low-cut SRM450 playing at high
filter, which rolls off the low frequencies be- levels.
low 75Hz. This is useful for minimizing
stage noise (rumble) and microphone han-
dling noise. INPUT Connector
This is a female XLR-type connector that
LEVEL accepts a balanced or unbalanced mic- or
This controls the overall signal level at the line-level signal.
input to the built-in power amplifiers. This
control ranges from off up to 40 dB of gain. THRU Connector
Since the SRM450 incorporates Mackie’s This is a male XLR-type connector that
world-class low-noise mic preamp technol- produces exactly the same signal that is
ogy, you can connect either a line-level or a connected to the INPUT jack. It can be a
microphone-level signal to the input. balanced or unbalanced mic- or line-level
signal. Use it to daisy-chain several active
There is no phantom monitors together off the same signal
power for a microphone, source.
so you should use a
dynamic mic, or use a ACCESSORY Plate
condensor type if it has This removable plate provides access to
its own battery power. install future accessory modules. For fur-
Follow the Quick Start guide for setting ther details of the module features and
the LEVEL control. For most applications, availability, please check our website:
it will be in the NORMAL position (12 www.mackie.com.
o’clock) . If you have a particularly high
line-level signal connected to the SRM450,
you may need to turn the control down to
the LINE indication (9 o’clock). If you have
a low line-level or mic-level signal con-
nected, you may need to turn the LEVEL
control up to the MIC indication
(3 o’clock).
SIGNAL PRESENT Indicator
This LED illuminates whenever there is
a signal present at the INPUT connector on
the rear panel. It senses the signal just prior
to the LEVEL control, so even if the LEVEL
control is turned down, the SIGNAL
PRESENT indicator still works.

9
CONNECTIONS PLACEMENT
The SRM450 has a female XLR input The SRM450 active monitors are de-
that accepts a balanced or unbalanced mic- signed to sit on the floor, a tabletop, or to fit
or line-level signal. When connecting a bal- on a standard tripod speaker stand. They
anced signal, be sure it’s wired per AES can also be suspended by the rigging points,
(Audio Engineering Society) standards: shown opposite.
You can lay the cabinet down on its side
XLR and use the SRM450 as a floor monitor. The
Hot (+) Pin 2 asymmetrical trapezoidal shape of the cabinet
Cold (–) Pin 3 provides a perfect angle for aiming up toward
Shield (Ground) Pin 1 performers from the front of the stage.

There is also a male XLR connector la- As with any powered


beled THRU. This allows you to connect components, protect
more than one SRM450 to the output of them from moisture. If
your mixing console. Simply plug the signal you are setting them up
source output into the first INPUT jack, outdoors, make sure they
and patch that speaker’s THRU jack to the are under cover if you expect rain.
next INPUT jack, and so on, daisy-chaining
multiple speakers (see diagram on page 6). The SRM450 generates
magnetic fields. Do not
There is a limit to how place them closer than 2
many you can daisy-chain or 3 feet (60-100 cm)
together. A general rule is from TV or computer
to maintain a load imped- monitors. Check the screen for any change
ance 10 times or more in color or distortion. Do not place any
than the source impedance to prevent ex- magnetic audio or video tapes or computer
cessive loading on the source. For example, discs near the SRM450s.
if your mixer has an output impedance of
120 ohms, then you can daisy chain up to Room Acoustics
sixteen SRM450s. This is a load of 1250 The SRM450 active monitors are de-
ohms (SRM450 input impedance=20k signed to sound as neutral as possible; that
ohms; 16 of these in parallel=1250 ohms). is, to reproduce the input signal as accu-
Since microphones typically have a rately as possible, monitoring the sound
higher output impedance, you should limit rather than changing it.
daisy-chaining from a mic source to two Room acoustics play a crucial role in the
SRM450s (see the diagram on page 7). overall performance of a sound system.
The THRU jack is wired straight from However, the wide high-frequency disper-
the INPUT connector — there is no elec- sion of the SRM450 helps to minimize the
tronic circuitry between — so the signal problems that typically arise.
coming out of the THRU jack is exactly the
same as the signal going in.
Balanced XLR Connectors Top

900

900 Dispersion
up to 18kHz

Here are some other placement tips:


• Avoid placing loudspeakers in the
corners of a room. This increases the
low-frequency output and can cause the
sound to be muddy and indistinct.
10
• Avoid placing loudspeakers against a wall.
This, too, increases the low frequency RIGGING
output, though not as much as corner
placement. However, if you do need to The SRM450 cabinets are fitted with rig-
reinforce the low frequencies, this is a ging points shown in the diagram below.
good way to do it.
• Avoid placing the active monitors directly WARNING: Never at-
on a hollow stage floor. A hollow stage tempt to suspend the
can resonate at certain frequencies, SRM450 active monitors
causing peaks and dips in the frequency by their handles. If you
response of the room. It’s better to place want to suspend them,
the active monitors on a sturdy table or use the rigging points only.
tripod stands. Full details concerning rigging the
• Position the active monitors so the high- SRM450s can be found with Mackie’s
frequency drivers are 2 to 4 feet above ear Certified Rigging Accessories, including
level for the audience (make allowances hardware and information on safe working
for a standing/dancing in the aisles loads. Contact your Mackie dealer or see
audience). High frequencies are highly our website for details.
directional and tend to be absorbed much
easier than lower frequencies. By provid-
Back Both Sides
ing direct line-of-sight from the active
monitors to the audience, you increase the
overall brightness and intelligibility of the
sound system.
• Highly reverberant rooms, like many
gymnasiums and auditoriums, are a
nightmare for sound system intelligibility.
Multiple reflections off the hard walls,
ceiling, and floor play havoc with the SRM450

sound. Depending on the situation, you


may be able to take some steps to mini-
mize the reflections, such as putting
carpeting on the floors, closing draperies
to cover large glass windows, or hanging
Pole
Mount Rigging Points
tapestries or other materials on the walls
to absorb some of the sound.
However, in most cases, these remedies
are not possible or practical. So what do
you do? Making the sound system louder
generally doesn’t work because the
reflections become louder, too. The best
approach is to provide as much direct
sound coverage to the audience as pos-
sible. The farther away you are from the
speaker, the more prominent will be the Top Bottom
reflected sound.
Use more speakers strategically placed so If you are hanging them
they are closer to the back of the audience. in an inaccessable place,
If the distance between the front and back such as over a lion’s cage,
speakers is more than about 100 feet, you make sure that you first
should use a delay processor to time-align complete the sound check
the sound. (Since sound travels about 1 and set the SRM450 LEVEL correctly. Also
foot per millisecond, it takes about 1/10 of set the TIMED TURNOFF switch if you
a second to travel 100 feet.) want the SRM450 to turn on when there is
a signal present. It will also turn off after
three or more minutes of silence.
11
THERMAL AC POWER
CONSIDERATIONS CONSIDERATIONS
The SRM450 has two powerful amplifi- Be sure the SRM450 is plugged into an
ers built-in. As amplifiers produce heat, it is outlet that is able to supply the correct volt-
important to dissipate the heat as quickly as age specified for your model. If the voltage
possible. This results in increased reliability should drop below 97% of the specified line
and longevity for the amplifier. That’s what voltage, the built-in amplifiers will no
the massive die-cast aluminum heatsink on longer be able to supply rated power. (They
the rear panel is for. will continue to operate down to 75% of
The heatsink is cooled by convection, the rated line voltage, but won’t reach full
where cool air is drawn through it’s fins, power, resulting in lower headroom.)
carrying the heat away. In order for this Under maximum S.P.L. conditions,
convection cooling to work efficiently, it is where musical peaks are clipping, the
important to provide adequate airspace be- SRM450 120V model draws 2.5 amps on
hind the loudspeaker. When you position average (1.3 amps for the 240V model). Un-
the SRM450, we recommend leaving at der normal conditions, the current draw is
least six inches of air space behind it. below 1 amp.
In the unlikely event of the amplifiers We recommend that a stiff (robust) sup-
overheating, a built-in thermal switch will ply of AC power be used because the
activate, placing the amplifiers into standby. amplifiers place high current demands on
The THERMAL indicator on the rear panel the AC line. The more power that is avail-
lights, and the power LEDs on the front able on the line, the louder the speakers will
and rear panel turn off. When the amplifi- play and the more peak output power will
ers have cooled down to a safe operating be available for cleaner, punchier bass. A
temperature, the thermal switch resets it- suspected problem of “poor bass perfor-
self, the power LEDs turn on, the mance” is often caused by a weak AC
THERMAL LED turns off, and the supply to the amplifiers.
SRM450 resumes normal operation.
Check to see if the PEAK LED on the AC Power Distribution
rear panel is blinking frequently or lighting A 240VAC center-tapped service en-
continuously. If so, you should turn down trance transformer serves the majority of
the LEVEL control a notch or two to avoid AC outlets encountered in homes and clubs
overheating the amplifiers. (in the U.S.). This provides two phases of
If the temperature in the room is too AC power on either side of the center tap,
high, it could cause the amplifiers to over- at 120V each.
heat. In this case, you should try aiming a If lighting is used in a show, it is prefer-
fan at the heatsink to move air through the able to power the lights from one leg of the
fins faster. service, and power the audio equipment
from the other leg. This will help minimize
THERMAL HEATSINK PEAK noise from the lights coupling into the au-
dio (particularly if SCRs, or light-dimmer
switches, are used).

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER LINE

120V
PRIMARY SECONDARY
240V
WINDING WINDING

120V

TRANSFORMER EARTH
GROUND
(NEUTRAL)
240V CENTER-TAPPED SECONDARY

12
Wherever possible, connect all of your When setting up for a
equipment to the same electrical circuit. show, often you are plug-
This will help reduce the possibility of a ging into an AC power
ground loop problem causing an annoying distribution system you
hum in your speakers. know nothing about. You
Low power components such as tape may even be faced with 2-wire outlets that
decks, mixers, effects processors and CD are missing the third safety ground pin. It’s
players should be connected to the same a good idea to have a three-wire AC outlet
outlet as the SRM450s. Use fused power tester in your toolbox so you can check the
strips as shown in the diagram below. Make outlets yourself to make sure they are wired
sure that the total current draw of your correctly. These testers will tell you if the
components does not exceed the capability polarity of the hot and neutral wires is re-
of the outlets and power strips. versed and if the safety ground is
disconnected.
For the US 120 V model: Don’t use an outlet if it is
A maximum of five SRM450s can be wired improperly! This
connected per 15A service. is to protect yourself as
This allows each SRM450 to be safely well as your equipment.
operated at its maximum level.

When turning your system on, turn on Never remove the


the SRM450s last. This will stop any turn- ground pin on the power
on thumps and bangs from your source cord of the SRM450 or
equipment being amplified. any other component.
When turning off your system, turn off This is very dangerous.
the SRM450s first. This will prevent any
turn-off thumps and bangs from your
source equipment being amplified.

SRM450 SRM450

SRM450: AC CONNECTIONS

13
connected at both ends. Make sure the
SERVICE INFORMATION output volume (gain) control on the
mixing console or preamp is turned up
Warranty Service sufficiently to drive the inputs of the
Details concerning Warranty Service are speaker. You should be able to see the
spelled out on page 19 of this manual. SIGNAL PRESENT LED blink on the
If you think your loudspeaker has a rear panel.
problem, please do everything you can to • Make sure the preamp or mixer does
confirm it before calling for service, includ- not have a Mute on, or a Tape or
ing reading through the following Processor loop engaged. If you find
Troubleshooting section. Doing so might something like this, make sure the
save you from being deprived of your volume/gain is turned down before
Mackie loudspeaker. disengaging the offending switch.
• Is the THERMAL LED lit? Make sure there
If you do find the prob- is at least six inches of free space behind
lem, make sure that you the heatsinks. Allow the SRM450 to cool
turn down the LEVEL off and it will turn back on.
controls and turn off the
SRM450 before correct- One side is way louder than the other!
ing it or changing any connections.
• Are the LEVEL controls set the same on
Of all Mackie products returned for ser-
both active monitors?
vice (which is hardly any at all), many are
coded “CND” — Could Not Duplicate— • Check the PAN control or balance on
which usually means the problem lay some- the signal source. It may be turned too
where else in the system. The following far to one side. If you’re using a stereo
troubleshooting tips may sound obvious, signal source, it may be delivering an
but here are some things you can check: out-of-balance stereo signal.
• Try swapping sides: Turn off the active
monitors, swap the input cables coming
Troubleshooting from the mixing console, turn the active
monitors back on. If the same side is
No power! still louder, the problem may be with
• Our favorite question: Is it plugged in? your active monitors or cables between
Make sure the AC outlet is live (check the mixer and the active monitor. If the
with a tester or lamp). other side is louder now, the problem is
with the mixer or the signal source.
• Our next favorite question: Is the
POWER switch on? If not, try turning Poor bass performance
it on.
• Check the polarity of the connections
• Is the blue light on the front panel
between the mixer/preamp and the
illuminated? If not, make sure the AC
active monitors. You may have your
outlet is live. If so, refer to “No sound”
positive and negative connections
below.
reversed at one end of one cable, causing
• The AC line fuse inside the chassis is one SRM450 to be out-of-phase.
blown. This is not a user-serviceable
part. Refer to “Repair” on page 16 to As soon as the music gets loud, the
find out how to proceed. SRM450 shuts down!
No sound! • Be sure that the PEAK LED on the rear
panel is not lighting up frequently or
• Is the input LEVEL control turned all
continuously.
the way down? Follow the procedures
in the “Quick Start” section on page 6 Remember to wear ear
to verify that all the volume controls in protectors if you get close
the system are properly adjusted. to an SRM450 playing at
high levels. When the
• Is the signal source working (and making
PEAK LED comes on,
union scale)? Make sure the connecting
the SPL is in the region of 120 dB!!!
cables are in good repair and securely
14
• Make sure there is room behind the rear between the devices (and exacerbated
panel to provide sufficient ventilation to by the fact that most consumer audio
the heatsink. equipment have a two-wire linecord,
without the third-pin safety ground).
Bad sound! Use an interconnect cable wired as
• Is it loud and distorted? Follow the shown below. The important point is
procedures described in the “Quick that the shield and the wire from the
Start” section to verify that the levels XLR pin 3 are joined at the RCA
are set properly. (source) end.
• Is the input connector plugged com- RCA XLR
3-Conductor Cable
pletely into the jack? Be sure all 2 1
connections are secure. It’s a good idea 3

to periodically clean all electrical shield


connections with a non-lubricating
electrical contact cleaner.
• Disconnect any cables which come in
Noise from outside, such as cable TV, satellite
TV or roof top antennas. They must be
• Make sure all connections to the active
disconnected from every part of your
monitors are good and sound.
system, such as the TV, VCR and
• Make sure none of the signal cables are preamp. If the hum goes away, you can
routed near AC cables, power trans- add a “ground loop isolator” in your
formers, or other EMI-inducing devices. cable line. This is an inexpensive device
• Is there a light dimmer or other SCR- available from video or TV dealers, or
based device on the same AC circuit as you can make your own from two TV
the SRM450? Use an AC line filter or baluns (standard TV 75/300 ohm
plug the SRM450 into a different AC adaptors):
circuit.

Hum
• Turn the LEVEL control all the way join (+insulate)
Balun Balun
down. If the noise disappears, it’s
coming from the signal source. If not,
try disconnecting the cable connected to The baluns are threaded at one end
the INPUT jack. If the noise disappears, (75 ohm) to fit TV coax cable and have
it could be a “ground loop,” rather than two wires at the other end (300 ohm).
a problem with the SRM450. Try some They will not affect the video quality.
of the following troubleshooting ideas: • If the hum persists, try removing compo-
• Use balanced connections throughout nents one at a time from the back of the
your system for the best noise rejection. mixer or preamplifier, and check for hum
• Whenever possible, plug all the audio each time (turn off your equipment
equipment’s linecords into outlets which before you undo any connections). It is
share a common ground (see the dia- fairly common to find more than one
gram on page 13). The distance between problem.
the outlets and the common ground • If your preamp or mixer are the only
should be as short as possible. things connected to the SRM450s and
Never remove the the hum is still there, try different
ground pin on the power connection cables, or move the preamp/
cord of the SRM450 or mixer to another location.
any other component. • Pressing the LOW CUT FILTER may
This is very dangerous. help reduce the hum if you have trouble
finding the cause of the problem. Do this
anyway if you do not need to reproduce
• The hum may appear when using an
the lower frequency range.
unbalanced source (consumer preamp,
CD player, VCR, etc.). This is caused by
the unbalanced-to-balanced interface
15
REPAIR
Service for the SRM450 is available only 8. We’ll try to fix the monitor within three
from one of our authorized domestic ser- business days. Ask Tech Support for the
vice stations or at the factory, located in latest turnaround times when you call
sunny Woodinville, Washington. Service for your RA number. We normally send
outside the United States can be obtained everything back prepaid using UPS
through local dealers or distributors. BLUE (Second Day Air). However, if
If your SRM450 needs service, please fol- you rush your monitor to us by Next
low these instructions: Day Air, we’ll treat it in kind by ship-
1. Review the preceding troubleshooting ping it back to you UPS RED (Next Day
suggestions. Please. Air). This paragraph does not necessar-
2. Call Tech Support at 1-800-258-6883, ily apply to non-warranty service.
8am to 5pm PST, to explain the problem
in detail. They will ask you all sorts of
impertinent questions in the hope of CARE AND
sorting out the problem. If it appears
that the SRM450 needs repair, request
MAINTENANCE
an RA (Return Authorization) number. Your Mackie active monitors will pro-
Have your monitor’s serial number vide many years of reliable service if you
ready. You must have an RA number follow these guidelines:
before you can obtain service at the
factory or an authorized service center. Avoid exposing the
3. Keep this owner’s manual. We don’t active monitors to
need it to repair the active monitor. moisture. If they are set
4. Pack the loud- up outdoors, be sure they
speaker in its original are under cover if you
package, including expect rain.
protective wrap, endcaps, • Avoid exposure to extreme cold (below
and box. This is very freezing temperatures). If you must
important. When you call for the RA operate the active monitors in a cold
number, please let Tech Support know environment, warm up the voice coils
if you need new packaging. Mackie is slowly by sending a low-level signal
not responsible for any damage that through them for about 15 minutes
occurs due to non-factory packaging. prior to high-power operation.
5. Include a legible note stating your name, • Use a slighty damp cloth with a mild
shipping address (no P.O. boxes), soap solution to clean the cabinets. Only
daytime phone number, RA number, do this when the power is turned off.
and a detailed description of the prob- Avoid getting moisture into any of the
lem, including how we can duplicate it. openings of the cabinet, particularly
6. Write the RA number in BIG PRINT where the drivers are located.
on top of the box.
7. Ship the active monitor to us. We
recommend United Parcel Service
(UPS). We suggest insurance for all
forms of cartage. Ship to this address:

Mackie Designs
SERVICE DEPARTMENT
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE
Woodinville, WA 98072

16
SPECIFICATIONS
Low-Line Voltage Shut Down
60% Nominal line
Transducer Specifications
Acoustic Frequency Response
Low-Frequency Transducer 45Hz – 20,000Hz
Diameter 300mm (12”) Low-Freq –3 dB Point 55Hz
Voice Coil Diameter 63.5mm (2.5”) Maximum SPL @ 1m 123 dB
Sensitivity (1W@1m) 98 dB Low-Freq Crossover 24 dB/octave,
Nominal Impedance 8 ohms time offset corrected
Power Handling 300 watts High-Freq Crossover 24 dB/octave
Frequency Range 55Hz – 3000Hz Crossover Frequency 1600Hz
Driver Protection Independent LF and
High-Frequency Driver and Horn
HF compressors
Diaphragm Diameter 44.5mm (1.75˝) Low-Freq Roll-Off Dynamic-signal level
Exit Throat Diameter 24.5mm (1˝) dependent
Diaphragm Material Titanium Accessory Interface ± 15V DC,
Sensitivity (1W@1m) 106 dB normalized signal I/O
Nominal Impedance 8 ohms Operating Temperature Range
Power Handling 100 watts –10ºC to 45ºC
Frequency Range 1000Hz – 20,000Hz (14ºF to 113ºF)
Horn Type
Composite: Exponential and Conical Line Input Power
Mouth Size US 120V, 60Hz
304.8mm (12˝) W x 177.8mm (7˝) H Europe 230V, 50Hz
Horizontal Coverage Japan 100V, 50/60Hz
90º ± 10º (1kHz – 20kHz)
Vertical Coverage
45º ± 10º (2.8kHz – 20kHz) Physical Properties
Power Amplifier and System Height 660mm (25.98”) 15.35"-390mm 14.8"-376mm
Specifications Width 390mm (15.35”)
Depth 376mm (14.8”)
Low-Frequency Power Amplifier Weight 23.2kg (51 lbs.)

25.98"-660mm
Rated Power 300 watts Enclosure Geometry
Rated THD < 0.03% Asymmetrical Trapezoidal
Cooling Convection Extrusion Mounting Methods
Design Class G, Parametric Servo Feedback Integrated mounting
High-Frequency Power Amplifier points, M10
Two each located on each
Rated Power 100 watts side, top, bottom, and rear
Rated THD < 0.03% of enclosure
Cooling Convection Extrusion
Design Conventional Class AB
14.8"-376mm

Disclaimer
System Specifications
Since we are always striving to
Input Type Balanced Differential
make our products better by incor-
Input Impedance
porating new and improved
Line: 20k ohms 15.35"-390mm
materials, components, and manu-
Input Protection RFI and level protected
facturing methods, we reserve the
Sensitivity
right to change these specifications
Line: +4 dBu (center detent)
at any time without notice.
Mic: –36 dBu
Maximum Input Level “Mackie,” the “Running Man” figure, and
Line: +22 dBu “FR Series” are trademarks or registered trademarks
Low-Cut Frequency of Mackie Designs Inc.
100Hz, Second-order filter All other brand names mentioned are trade-
Acoustic Contour Equalization marks or registered trademarks of their respective
Peaking: +3 dB @ 100Hz, holders, and are hereby acknowledged.
+3 dB @ 12kHz
©1999 Mackie Designs Inc.
Enclosure Alignment Sixth-Order
All Rights Reserved.
Over-Excursion Protection
Printed in the U.S.A.
Second-Order High-Pass Filter
Thermal Protection Amplifier shutdown,
auto-reset

17
THRESHOLD

LOW CUT CONTOUR


J15
HI-PASS
2 HI-FREQ HI-FREQ
TWEET

18
INPUT AMP
3
1
COMPRESSOR
2
THRU
3
1 SIGNAL THERMAL POWER
LED LED LEDS

PEAK
SIGNAL THERMAL DETECTION
SENSE SWITCH MUTE MUTE PEAK
MUTE
LOW AC ON/OFF LIGHT
VOLTS SENSE CONTROL
+15VDC TIMED
TURNOFF
OFF
SIGNAL LO-FREQUENCY
SENSE ON 40-120 Hz DELAY LO-PASS COMPRESSOR DRIVER

176uS
POWER SWEEPING
FILTER LO-FREQ
SWITCH WOOF
FUSE AMP

+ +
MID VDC HI VDC THRESHOLD
– – THRESHOLD LPF

BASS CONTROL SERVO LOOP


TOROIDAL POWER +
LO VDC
TRANSFORMER – SENSE
RESISTOR

MACKIE DESIGNS
SRM450
BLOCK DIAGRAM
(#071699SE)
SRM450 BLOCK DIAGRAM
SRM450 LIMITED WARRANTY
Please keep your sales receipt in a safe place.
A. Mackie warrants all materials, workmanship and 3. Make sure that the problem can be dupli-
proper operation of this SRM450 for a period of one cated. If you bring your active monitor to an
year from the original date of purchase. If you Authorized Service Center and they can't find
complete the optional questionnaire portion of the anything wrong with it, you may be charged a
Product Registration Card, the warranty will be service fee.
extended for an additional FOUR years with the 4. If the Mackie Authorized Service Center is
following exception: warranty on all its loudspeaker located in another city, pack the active monitor
components including woofers and compression in its original shipping carton. More information
drivers are only warranted for an additional one year on packing can be found in the Service section of
(for a total of two years). If any defects are found in this manual.
the materials or workmanship or if the product fails
to function properly during the applicable warranty 5. Contact the Mackie Authorized Service Center to
period, Mackie, at its option, will repair or replace arrange service or bring the active monitor to them.
the product. This warranty applies only to equip- F. Mackie and Mackie Authorized Service Centers
ment sold and delivered within the U.S. by Mackie reserve the right to inspect any products that may
or its authorized dealers. be the subject of any warranty claims before repair
B. Failure to return the card will not void the 1-year or replacement is carried out. Mackie and Mackie
warranty. Authorized Service Centers may, at their option,
require proof of the original date of purchase in the
C. Service and repairs of Mackie products are to be form of a dated copy of the original dealer’s invoice
performed only at the factory (see D below) OR at an or sales receipt. Final determination of warranty
Authorized Mackie Service Center (see E below). coverage lies solely with Mackie Designs Inc. or its
Unauthorized service, repairs, or modification will Authorized Service Centers.
void this warranty.
G. Mackie active monitors returned to Mackie and
D. To obtain factory service: deemed eligible for repair or replacement under the
1. Call Mackie at 800/258-6883, 8AM to 5PM terms of this warranty will be repaired or replaced
Monday through Friday (Pacific Time) to get a within thirty days of receipt by Mackie at our
Return Authorization (RA). Products returned rainforest factory complex. Products returned to
without an RA number will be refused. Mackie that do not meet the terms of this Warranty
2. Pack the SRM450 in its original shipping will be repaired and returned C.O.D. with billing
carton. If you do not have the carton, just ask for for labor, materials, return freight, and insurance.
one when you get your RA number, and we’ll Products repaired under warranty at Mackie's
send a shipping carton out promptly. More factory will be returned freight prepaid by Mackie
information on packing can be found in the to any location within the boundaries of the USA.
Service section of this manual. Also include a H. Mackie assumes no responsibility for the quality
note explaining exactly how to duplicate the or timeliness of repairs performed by Mackie
problem, a copy of the sales receipt with price Authorized Service Centers.
and date showing, and your return street address I. This warranty is extended to the original
(no P.O. boxes or route numbers, please!). If we purchaser and to anyone who may subsequently
cannot duplicate the problem at the Mackie purchase this product within the applicable
Factory or establish the starting date of your warranty period.
Limited Warranty, we may, at our option, charge
for service time. J. This is your sole warranty. Mackie does not
authorize any third party, including any dealer or
3. Ship the product in its original shipping sales representative, to assume any liability on
carton, freight prepaid to: behalf of Mackie Designs or to make any warranty
for Mackie Designs.
Mackie Designs Inc.
SERVICE DEPARTMENT K. THE WARRANTY GIVEN ON THIS PAGE IS THE
16220 Wood-Red Road NE SOLE WARRANTY GIVEN BY MACKIE AND IS IN
Woodinville, WA, 98072, USA LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES
IMPORTANT: Make sure that the RA number is OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
plainly written on the shipping carton. PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE WARRANTY GIVEN
E. To obtain service from an Authorized Mackie Service ON THIS PAGE SHALL BE STRICTLY LIMITED IN
Center: DURATION TO ONE YEAR FROM THE DATE OF
1. Call Mackie at 800/258-6883, 8AM to 5PM ORIGINAL PURCHASE FROM AN AUTHORIZED
Monday through Friday (Pacific Time) to get: MACKIE DEALER. UPON EXPIRATION OF THE
1) The name and address of your nearest Mackie APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIOD, MACKIE
Authorized Service Center and 2) A return SHALL HAVE NO FURTHER WARRANTY OBLIGA-
authorization (RA). You must have an RA number TION OF ANY KIND. MACKIE SHALL NOT BE
before taking your unit to a service center. LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT MAY RESULT
2. Make sure that you have a copy of your active FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE MACKIE PRODUCT
monitor’s sales receipt from the store where you OR ANY WARRANTY CLAIM. Some states do not
bought the product. It is necessary to establish allow exclusion or limitation of incidental, special,
purchase date and thus determine whether or not or consequential damages or a limitation on how
your active monitor is still under warranty. If you long warranties last, so some of the above limita-
can't find it, the Authorized Service Center may tions and exclusions may not apply to you. This
charge you for repairs even if your active monitor is warranty provides specific legal rights and you may
still covered by Mackie's 1-Year Limited Warranty. have other rights which vary from state to state.

19