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A GOVERNANÇA E O TERRITÓRIO: REFLEXÕES SOBRE UMA

ABORDAGEM DE PESQUISA1

LUCAS LABIGALINI FUINI2

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! Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


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&# @4&# &(2-62&.# 7+2&%'-'# )+$-'# 7&# ou uma rede de países vizinhos.

Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


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$*7%:-# 7&# 8-(8-%%N(8+*# ,6-/*6# 3-%1 .$"7 #%$ &#/0)=)('/$3#0&# .# 0$&2%#*$ &$= @2# >).#%'$7 #3 (%$0.# >$%&#7 "#%
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7+3&%&(8+*6#&()%&#84')-'#7&#$%-749:-# um sistema monetário internacional estável e de competição externa relativa-
mente baixa. Em outras palavras, muitos dos investimentos das corporações
no local e nos mercados de destino e
multinacionais em lugares como o Brasil foram destinados a atender mercados
$&6*#8*$*8+7*7&#$-6>)+8*#7*'#+(')+)4+1 locais e não apenas para se utilizar da descentralização locacional de forma a
9=&'# (*8+-(*+'# &# '4$%*(*8+-(*+'# 7&# reduzir custos de bens reimportados pelo Norte. No entanto, a despeito dessa
+.$46'+-(*%#-#8%&'8+.&()-#(*8+-(*6# lógica de interesses convergentes, a implantação da modernização econômica
&#%&,+-(*6#jaZpM^iip;#mFFqkJ# /)3) 23 &).)7 @2# "# "2>204$ >)""PD#= >#=$ '0.2"&%'$='*$EV)7 0V) )/)%%#2W $"
Ao se implantarem no terri1 condições políticas e sociais domésticas necessárias para desencadear um
/'/=) .# "$=N%')" # .# /)0"23) /%#"/#0&#" 020/$ &'D#%$3 "#2 +)%#"/'3#0&)
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permitido pelo capital nacional ou pelo Estado na maior parte do Terceiro mundo.
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desencadeadas a partir da década e da área econômica. (...) Vale destacar outro aspecto relevante da política
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da competitividade econômica e (BRAGA, 2003, p. 349-351).

RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA D


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QUADRO 1 - Exemplos de manifestações da governança dos territórios no Estado de S. Paulo/Brasil

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6
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3#0&) .# b$/'$" c'.%)(%NH/$"7 .$.)" #"&#" .'">)0PD#'" >$%$ ) $0) .# 9:;:R ?)%&$0&)7 0V) >).#3 "#% '0&#%>%#&$.)" /)3) #"@2#3$" .#
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de determinados projetos públicos.

DF Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


Modalidade de
!"#$%&' Estatuto Legal Exemplos16
governança

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+&"3+347+'&!+"%$!"%,#)!;\#"%#&3,#%!3'/ #% '"% *'$#,#"% )'7!+"9% M4#% 3#&3!(% !'% 0)'5!)%$#%,#0+\#"m%2 FfnD9%?@@R89%!%
,#"%3#,,+3',+!+"%#(%*,'X#3'"%$#%$#"#&/ máximo promover os atrativos lo/ #(+&#&3#%j3#,,+3',+!)+W!;C'm%$'"%"+"/
:'):+(#&3'%)'7!)%#%,#0+'&!)9%#(%4(% cais associados ao desenvolvimento 3#(!"%#7'&](+7'"%2JbDHKFH9%?@@i8%
*#,6'$'%(!,7!$'%*#)'%$#")'7!(#&3'% 7!*+3!)+"3!B% f!% 3,!&"+;C'% 7!*+3!)+"3!% +(*\#%L%0':#,&!&;!%4(!%&':!%*#,"/
#%$#")+W!(#&3'%$!"%#"7!)!"%#"*!7+!+"% $#% 4(% ,#0+(#% 2!.(#&$+34)56)&#+6!' *#73+:!9%"#&$'%*'3#&7+!)(#&3#%:=)+$'%
$#%7'&3,')#%$'"%"+"3#(!"%*,'$43+:'"% $#% !74(4)!;C'% *!,!% 4(% ,#0+(#% $#% "#%3,!5!)Z!,%7'(%!%+$#+!%$#%4(!%j0'/
2 FfnD9%TAA?8B% acumulação flexível9% !% 0':#,&!&;!% :#,&!&;!%3#,,+3',+!)mB%1%0':#,&!&;!%
4,5!&!%3!(5[(%"#%('$+N7!^%*!""!/ 3#,,+3',+!)%[%$#N&+$!%7'('%'%*,'7#"/
4. O conceito de governança e /"#%$'%administrativismo urbano para "'% +&"3+347+'&!)/',0!&+W!7+'&!)% $#%
o território o empreendedorismo urbanoB% 7'&"3,4;C'% $#% 4(!% #"3,!3[0+!% *!,!%
D% 7'&7#+3'% $#% j0':#,&!&;!m% 1%7'&'3!;C'%3#,,+3',+!)%$!%0':#,/ 7'(*!3+5+)+W!,% '"% $+<#,#&3#"% ('$'"%
#Y*,#""!%!"%,#)!;\#"%$#%',0!&+W!;C'% &!&;!%!*!,#7#%&!%e,!&;!9%&'%7'&3#Y3'% $#%7'',$#&!;C'%#&3,#%!3',#"%0#'0,!N/
$#% !3',#"% #% +&"3+34+;\#"% #&:'):+$'"% *')63+7'% $'"% !&'"% ?@@A9% $#"+0&!&$'% 7!(#&3#%*,IY+('"%#(%7!,=3#,%*!,7+!)%
#(% *,'7#""'"% #% ,#$#"9% 7'(% 7!,=3#,% &':!"% <',(!"% $#% !;C'% 7')#3+:!% #(% #% *,':+"I,+'% !3#&$#&$'% !% *,#(+""!%
Z65,+$'%#%*#,(#!$'%#&3,#%'%*>5)+7'/
/#"3!3!)% #% '% *,+:!$'/#(*,#"!,+!) PB% 7
A noção de “governança” abarca várias acepções com sentido e ambições
J#04&$'%E!))!5,+$!%2TAAi89%'%4"'%$'%
explicativas diferentes. Os escritos sobre governança se referem essencialmente
3#,('%0':#,&!&;!%',+0+&!/"#%#(%!&=/ 7" %,!&.#" 8#" 9&)#" ," +,$+" )!8!+" 8," (!!&8,1#:;!'" ,)" ,+<,(.#2" #+" =!&)#+" 8,"
)+"#%$#%H'&!)$%-'!"#9%&!%$[7!$!%$#% !&>#1.?#:;!"@$,"1;!"+;!"1,)"),&(#8!"1,)"A.,&#&@$.#3"BCDEEF/"-GHIJGJK'"
?@iA9%,#3'(!$'%*'"3#,+',(#&3#%*',% 1997, p. 115).
8
D)+:+#,%o+))+!("'&9%"'5,#%'%(4&$'% L"(!1(,.%!"8,">!M,&1#1:#"=!."8,91.8!",1%;!"(!)!"N#")#1,.&#"<,2#"@$#2"!"<!8,&"
é exercido na administração dos recursos econômicos e sociais do país, com
$!"%#(*,#"!"9%$#"+0&!&$'%'"%$+"*'/ vistas ao desenvolvimento’ (World Bank, 1992, p. 1). Em linhas gerais, o Banco
"+3+:'"%'*#,!7+'&!)+W!$'"%*#)!%N,(!% O$18.#2",+%#*,2,(,$"@$#%&!"8.),1+P,+Q(A#M,"<#&#"#"*!#">!M,&1#1:#R"#8).1.+-
*!,!%'53#,%4(!%7'',$#&!;C'%#N7!WB% %&#:;!"8!"+,%!&"<S*2.(!/"@$#8&!"2,>#2/"<#&%.(.<#:;!","#((!$1%#*.2.%T"B<&,+%#:;!"
J#,+!%!%0':#,&!&;!%7',*',!3+:!B 9
8,"(!1%#+U/",".1=!&)#:;!","%&#1+<#&V1(.#3"BWLKCGX'"455Y'"<3"64ZU3
"" L" (!1(,.%!" 8," >!M,&1#1:#" +$>,&," @$," +," (!2!@$," !" #(,1%!" 1#+" =!&)#+" 8,"
f!%$[7!$!%$#%?@PA9%'%3#,('%*!""!%
coordenação horizontal e vertical da ação pública. Isto é acompanhado de um
!%7+,74)!,%*#)'%$#5!3#%*')63+7'9%&!%F4/ ,1=&#@$,(.),1%!"8!"G+%#8!">!M,&1#),1%#2'",)"<&!M,.%!"8,"!$%&#+"#$%!&.8#8,+"
,'*!%'7+$#&3!)%#%&'"%F"3!$'"%p&+$'"9% estatais (a justiça, as autoridades independentes), das coletividades territoriais
!""'7+!$'%L%0':#,&!5+)+$!$#9%'4%"#X!9% e de componentes da sociedade civil. (BOURDIN, 2001, p. 137).

@T Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


$#%,#"')4;C'%$#%*,'5)#(!"%+&[$+3'"B% de concertação social% 2,#*,#"#&3!&3#"%
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atores econômicos entre si e estes territorial pode ser $#% *,'7#$+(#&3'"% $#% 7'&7+)+!;C'% #%
7'(% '"% !3',#"% +&"3+347+'&!+"/"'7+!+"% (#$+!;C'9% !""4(#(% !% 0#"3C'% 3#,,+/
#% *')63+7'"% !3,!:["% $#% j,#0,!"% $'% entendida também 3',+!)% $#"7#&3,!)+W!$!89% #(% $+,#;C'%
X'0'm_%#%!%$+(#&"C'%)'7!)%#%!%0)'5!)% como modalidade a redes de poder socioterritorial
2&!7+'&!)% '4% (4&$+!)8% !3,!:["% $!"% 2"#0(#&3'% $!% "'7+#$!$#% ',0!&+W!/
(#$+!;\#"% ,#!)+W!$!"% *',% !3',#"% de coordenação $!% 3#,,+3',+!)(#&3#% M4#% !""4(#% !%
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envolvendo os ,+!)(#&3#%*!,!%$#N&+,%4(%*,'X#3'%$#%
permitem apreciar as regras e atores e as formas $#"#&:'):+(#&3'B
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7+$!$#% $#% 4(% )40!,% #(% ,#)!;C'% institucionais em um "#,%#&3#&$+$!%3!(5[(%7'('%('$!/
!% '43,'"% )40!,#"% #% #(% ,#)!;C'% !'% )+$!$#% $#% 7'',$#&!;C'% $!"% <',(!"%
"+"3#(!%*,'$43+:'%&!7+'&!)%M4#%'"% dado contexto. Esses de desenvolvimento econômico
#&0)'5!B% K!,!% !5',$!,% !% $+&.(+7!%
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contextos podem envolvendo os atores e as formas
+&"3+347+'&!+"%#(%4(%$!$'%7'&3#Y3'B%
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variar de Esses contextos podem variar de
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$',#"9%#&:'):#&$'%!%7'(5+&!;C'%$#% Figura 1 - Fluxograma da governança territorial
$+<#,#&3#"%<',(!"%$#%Z+#,!,M4+!9%"45/
7'&3,!3!;C'9% *!,7#,+!9% j!3('"<#,!m9%
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0#,+,% '"% !""4&3'"% *>5)+7'"% !% *!,3+,%
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,!3+:'%$'"%!3',#"%"'7+!+"9%#7'&](+7'"%
#% +&"3+347+'&!+"B% % F""!% 0':#,&!&;!%
3#,,+3',+!)%$#7',,#%$#%4(%!:!&;'%#(% Fonte: (FUINI, 2010).

RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA @i


A%$#N&+;C'%$#%4(!%#"3,434,!%$#% !;C'%"'7+!)%#%$!"%*,=3+7!"%M4#%#"3C'% M4#%!%7'&:#,0g&7+!%$#%7!$#+!"%*,'/
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,#0+C'%s%'&$#%'"%!3',#"%)'7!+"%#&3,!(% so aos direitos da cidadania. Antas /#"*!7+!+"%#"*#76N7'"%#%M4#%#Y3,!:!/
#(% ,#)!;C'% #% 7'&7#5#(% +&"3+34+;\#"% w,B%2TAAQ89%#(%"4!%!&=)+"#%$!"%&':!"% "!(%)+(+3#"%*')63+7'/!$(+&+"3,!3+:'"%
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!)[(% $'% *,I*,+'% !(5+#&3#% +&"3+34/ 7+'&!)9%*!,3#%$!%*,#(+""!%s%7')'7!$!%L%
7+'&!)%*,[/#Y+"3#&3#B%-'&N04,!/"#%#(% !&=)+"#%0#'0,=N7!%/%$#%M4#%'%F"3!$'%X=% 4.1 Esclarecimentos sobre a con-
3',&'% $#% #"M4#(!"% $+:#,"'"% 21KO9% &C'%[%(!+"%'%$#3#&3',%$#%3'$!%!%,#04/ cepção de território
-+,74+3'"9% -'(+3g"89% *'$#&$'% "#,% )!;C'%"'7+!)9%#7'&](+7!%#%*')63+7!9%$+/ D% 3#,,+3I,+'% [% '% ,#7',3#% #"*!7+!)%
4(!% 0':#,&!&;!% $#% 3+*'% :!,+=:#)9% :+$+&$'%#"3!%,#"*'&"!5+)+$!$#%7'(%!"% $#N&+$'%*',%,#)!;\#"%$#%!*,'*,+!;C'9%
#&3,#% '% *>5)+7'% #% '% *,+:!$'B% f#"3!% 7',*',!;\#"%0)'5!+"%#%!"%+&"3+34+;\#"% *'$#,%#%$#%7'&3,')#%"'5,#%,#74,"'"%#%
3#""+34,!% #"3!5#)#7+$!% 54"7!,/"#/=% 7+:+"%&C'%0':#,&!(#&3!+"B%K,'$4W/"#% `4Y'"9%'%M4!)%[%5!"#!$'%&'"%"#04+&/
('5+)+W!,%,#74,"'"%3#,,+3',+!+"%)'7!+"9% "'5,#%'%3#,,+3I,+'%&!7+'&!)%4(%*'$#,% 3#"% !"*#73'"% 2a1FJ 1FHb9% TAAR_%
!3#&$#&$'% !'% '5X#3+:'% $#% "#% +&7,#/ <,!0(#&3!$'%#"*#7+!)+W!$'%*',%"#3'/ J1upFb9% TAAP_% JKzJUbD9% TAAQ8^% a)
mentar a competitividade territorial ,#"%#7'&](+7'"9%+&3#0,!&$'%*',;\#"% Político^% $+W% ,#"*#+3'% L% !43',+$!$#%
)'7!)%#%"#%7Z#0!,%#(%$#3#,(+&!$'%&6/ 3#,,+3',+!+"%&C'%7'&3604!"%!3,!:["%$#% )#0!)%$'%F"3!$'/&!;C'%#%$!"%$+:#,"!"%
vel de desenvolvimento territorial?AB% ,#$#"%3[7&+7!"%#%',0!&+W!7+'&!+"%'&$#% +&"3+34+;\#"%$#%0':#,&'_%b) Econômico:
b!*+!%2TAAc8%3,!5!)Z!%!%3#(=3+7!% *,#:!)#7#% !% Z#0#('&+!% 7',*',!3+:!% $+W% ,#"*#+3'% !'% 7!(*'% $#% !;C'% $!"%
$!%0':#,&!&;!%!3,!:["%$#%#Y#(*)'"% "'5,#%!"%"')+$!,+#$!$#"%',0.&+7!"B% #(*,#"!"% #% $'% 7!*+3!)% ',0!&+W!&/
de pactos territoriais ocorridos na 15,!('x!y%2TAAA8%#%v#+0!%2TAAT8% $'% #% $#"',0!&+W!&$'% 3#,,+3I,+'_% c)
U3=)+!9%(!+"%*,#7+"!(#&3#%&!%=,#!%$'% !""'7+!(%L%&';C'%$#%desenvolvimento Cultural^% $+W% ,#"*#+3'% L"% <',(!"% $#%
r#WW'0+',&'9%&!"%,#0+\#"%$'%v#&#3'9% territorial a de capital social, com a !*,'*,+!;C'%"+(5I)+7!"%#%+(!3#,+!+"%
b'"7!&!9%F(+)+!%H'(!&!B%b,!3!/"#%$!% :!)',+W!;C'%$'%7'(*)#Y'%$#%+&"3+34+/ 2,#)+0+\#"9% 3,!$+;\#"9% 7'"34(#"8% M4#%
<',(!;C'%$#%*!73'"%"'7+!+"%#%#"M4#/ ;\#"9%7'"34(#"%#%,#)!;\#"%$#%7'&N!&/ 7,+!(% +$#&3+$!$#% #% "C'% <',3#"% ,#<#/
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!3',#"%)'7!+"9%!%N(%$#%$#`!0,!,%4(% !&=)+"#%$'%7'&X4&3'%4,5!&'/,4,!)%$#% "!"%$#%!*,##&"C'%#%$#%(!&+<#"3!;C'%
*,'7#""'%$#%3,!&"<',(!;C'%$!%#7'&'/ 4(!%)I0+7!%*4,!(#&3#%"#3',+!)%*!,!% +&$+:+$4!)%#%7')#3+:!%$#%4(%F"3!$'9%
(+!%#%$!%"'7+#$!$#%)'7!)9%:+"!&$'%!% 4(!%)I0+7!%3#,,+3',+!)9%*,+:+)#0+!&$'/ 0,4*'%74)34,!)9%7)!""#%"'7+!)%'4%!3+:+/
(#)Z',!,%!%'<#,3!%$#%5#&"%7')#3+:'"B% /"#%!"%!;\#"%#%#"3,!3[0+!"%$'"%!3',#"% $!$#%#7'&](+7!B%U""'%[%7Z!(!$'%*',%
f'% ,!"+)9% !&=)+"#"% &!"% =,#!"% $#% )'7!+"%#(%!(5+#&3#"%+&':!$',#"B% 3#,,+3',+!)+$!$#9% '4% "#X!9% '% *,I*,+'%
7+g&7+!"%Z4(!&!"%#%"'7+!+"%3g(%$!$'% E#""#% ('$'9% !"% #"3,434,!"% $#% 7'&3#>$'%$'%3#,,+3I,+'9%"4!"%,#)!;\#"%
*'""+5+)+$!$#% *!,!% "#% 7'(*,##&$#,% 0':#,&!&;!9% M4!&$'% !5',$!$!"% #(% "'7+!+"% 7'3+$+!&!"% M4#% $C'% "#&3+$'9%
(#)Z',% !"% &':!"% $+&.(+7!"% $#% ,#/ .(5+3'% "45&!7+'&!)% )'7!)9% &C'% *'/ :!)',%#%<4&;C'%!'"%'5X#3'"%#"*!7+!+"B%
04)!;C'S',$#&!;C'%"'7+!)%#%*')63+7!% $#(%"#,%,#$4W+$!"%"'(#&3#%!'%)+(+3#% F""!"% 3#,,+3',+!)+$!$#"% "C'% !""'7+!/
#% $#% X4"3+N7!,% !% +(*',3.&7+!% $#% "#% $'"%(4&+76*+'"%#%$#%"4!"%#"3,434,!"% $!"%!'"%$+<#,#&3#"%3+*'"%$#%4"'"%$'%
*,'$4W+,#(% +&:#"3+0!;\#"% :')3!$!"% *')63+7'/!$(+&+"3,!3+:!"9% Z!X!% :+"3!% 3#,,+3I,+'B%
L%+$#&3+N7!;C'%#%7)!""+N7!;C'%$#%&'/
:'"% ('"!+7'"% #% 7'(*'"+;\#"% )'7!+"%
10
#% ,#0+'&!+"% $+"*#,"'"% &'% 3#,,+3I,+'% " X,>$18!"-.&,+/"O$22,&/"[,&8."B455ZU'"8,+,1M!2M.),1%!"%,&&.%!&.#2"\"$)"<&!(,++!"
de mudança social de caráter endógeno, capaz de produzir solidariedade e
&!7+'&!)B% % K+,#"_% f#$#,% 2TAAq8% !N,/ (.8#8#1.#'","@$,"<!++#"(!18$?.&"8,"=!&)#".1%,>&#8#","<,&)#1,1%,"#")$8#1:#"
(!(%M4#%'"%7'&7#+3'"%$#%0':#,&!&;!% @$#2.%#%.M#","#"),2A!&.#"8!"*,)Q,+%#&"8#"<!<$2#:;!"8,"$)#"2!(#2.8#8,"!$"$)#"
3#,,+3',+!)% ,#"4)3!(% $#% #"3,!3[0+!"% região. Nas estratégias competitivas da globalização, o desenvolvimento terri-
$'"%!3',#"%7')#3+:'"%M4#%"#%#&0!X!(% torial é dinamizado por expectativas dos agentes econômicos nas vantagens
2!(#(.!1#.+'"1!"@$#2"!"%,&&.%]&.!"\"!"#%!&"<&.1(.<#2"8!"8,+,1M!2M.),1%!",(!1^).(!"
*!,!%7'',$#&!,%!;\#"%M4#%*#,(+3!(% &,>.!1#2'","#+"<!2_%.(#+'"#+"!&>#1.?#:P,+","#">!M,&1#1:#"+;!"&,($&+!+",+<,(_9(!+'"
,#"'):#,%*,'5)#(!"%)'7!+"%#%,#0+'&!+"% #"$)"+]"%,)<!"8.+<!1_M,2"!$"#"+,&"(&.#8!/"@$#18!"8.+<!1_M,2'"%&#%#&Q+,Q.#"8,"+$#"
',+4&$'"% $!% !0)'(#,!;C'9% $!% #"*#/ 8.=$+;!"1!"%,&&.%]&.!'"@$#18!"#$+,1%,'"8,"+$#"(&.#:;!"B.1M,1:;!",".1!M#:;!U3"
Desta forma, o desenvolvimento territorial é o resultado de uma ação coletiva
7+!)+W!;C'%'4%#"*#7+N7!;C'%3#,,+3',+!)B%
intencional de caráter local, um modo de regulação territorial, portanto, uma
-!"3,'%2TAAi89%*',%#Y#(*)'9%54"7!% ação associada a uma cultura, a um plano e instituições locais, tendo em vista
compreender a territorialidade da arranjos de regulação das práticas sociais.

@Q Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


w=%!%3#,,+3',+!)+W!;C'%"#,+!%'%('/ 1%0':#,&!&;!9%7'('%#)#(#&3'%$#% &!%$+:+"C'%#"*!7+!)%$'%7'&"4('9%*,'/
:+(#&3'%$#%"#%7'&"3+34+,%,#<#,#&7+!+"% 7'',$#&!;C'%$'"%!3',#"%)'7!+"%#(%3',/ (':#&$'%+&':!;\#"%74)34,!+"%#%(#/
"+(5I)+7'"%#%+$#&3+3=,+'"%2(!3#,+!+"%#% &'%$#%*,'X#3'"%$#%$#"#&:'):+(#&3'9% )Z',+!"%<6"+7!"%&'%!(5+#&3#%4,5!&'_%
+(!3#,+!+"8%X4&3'%!%4(%,#7',3#%#"*!/ "#%:+&74)!%!'%*,'7#""'%$#%3#,,+3',+!)+/ <8%5!3!)Z!%#&3,#%)'7!)+$!$#"%*!,!%
7+!)%$#N&+$'9%$'3!&$'/'%$#%4&+$!$#B% W!;C'%$!"%!0)'(#,!;\#"%#7'&](+7!"% '53#&;C'% $#% !3+:+$!$#"% $#% 7'&3,'/
K'$#,+!%"#,%3!(5[(%7Z!(!$!%$#%en- &!% 7'&"3,4;C'% $#% "4!% 7'',$#&!;C'% )#% #% 7'(!&$'% ,#<#,#&3#"% L"% !)3!"%
raizamento territorial9%:+&74)!&$'%*'/ *')63+7'/+&"3+347+'&!)B%1""+(9%*'$#(% <+&!&;!"9% !'% 0':#,&'9% L% 7')#3!% $#%
*4)!;\#"9%#(*,#"!"%#%+&"3+34+;\#"%$#% 7'&"3+34+,%3#,,+3I,+'"%)'7!+"%7'&<',(#% +&<',(!;\#"%#%!'%"#4%*,'7#""!(#&3'%
0':#,&'%!'%3#,,+3I,+'B%F""#%(':+(#&/ #""#"% (#7!&+"('"% $#% 7'',$#&!;C'% 2(6$+!"8_%
3'%"#%5!"#+!%#(%$'+"%*,'X#3'"^%$#%iso- !$M4+,!(% *'$#,% #% 7!*!7+$!$#% $#% 08% 0,!&$#% +(*',3.&7+!% $!% :!&/
lamento e exclusivismo territorial9%7'(% 7'&3,')!,% ,#74,"'"% #% `4Y'"% #% $#% "#% 3!0#(% 7'(*#3+3+:!% 7'(% ,#"*#+3'% L%
<#7Z!(#&3'%$#%<,'&3#+,!"%#%7'&3,')#% apropriarem de recortes espaciais ,#$+"3,+54+;C'% $#% "4*#,=:+3"% $'"%
,60+$'%$#%`4Y'"%+&3#,&'"%'4%*#)!%ar- (4&+7+*!+"% #% +&3#,(4&+7+*!+"% !% N(% 0':#,&'"%7#&3,!+"B%
ticulação em rede de localidades%M4#%+&/ $#% 7'&7,#3+W!,#(% '5X#3+:'"% $#% 7'&/ H#*',3!&$'% L% 3#"#% $#% M4#% !%
3#,!0#(%#%7,+!(%#%,#7,+!(%3#,,+3I,+'"% M4+"3!%$#%*'$#,%#7'&](+7'%#%*')63+7'B% 0':#,&!&;!%"#%7'&"3+34+%!3,!:["%$'%
7'&"3!&3#(#&3#9%:+!%7'(4&+7!;C'%L% 1%!,3+74)!;C'%7'(%'"%*'$#,#"%*>5)+/ #"3!5#)#7+(#&3'% $#% (#7!&+"('"%
$+"3.&7+!% &!% "'7+#$!$#% #% #7'&'(+!% 7'"% (4&+7+*!+"% #% #"3!$4!+"% ,#<',;!% $#% 7'',$#&!;C'% "'7+'+&"3+347+'&!+"%
$+0+3!)% #% +&<',(!7+'&!)B% 1% 7'&3,!/ #""#%*,'X#3'%$#%7'&3,')#%3#,,+3',+!)B% (!+"% Z',+W'&3!+"% #% #"3+(4)!$',#"%
*!,3+$!%$'%#&,!+W!(#&3'%3#,,+3',+!)%[% $!% 7''*#,!;C'% #&3,#% !3',#"% *>5)+/
3!&3'%!%('5+)+$!$#%#"*!7+!)%M4!&3'%!% !"# $%&'()(*&*+,#*&#*+-.(/01#*+# 7'"9% *,+:!$'"% #% $!% "'7+#$!$#% 7+:+)9%
$#"3,4+;C'%$#%(!,7'"%$#%+$#&3+$!$#9% governança territorial J3',*#,_% a!,,+"'&% 2?@@Q8% !*'&3!(%
7Z!(!$!% $#% desterritorialização9% M4#% a!,:#y%2TAAc8%!*,'Y+(!%!%!5',/ M4#% &!"% #"3,434,!"% $#% 0':#,&!&;!%
#(%>)3+(!%+&"3.&7+!%"453,!+%$#%7'&/ $!0#(%"'5,#%!%governança%$!"%,#`#/ $#%"+"3#(!"%*,'$43+:'"%)'7!)+W!$'"%
3+&0#&3#"%*'*4)!7+'&!+"%#(%"+34!;\#"% Y\#"% "'5,#% '% *)!&#X!(#&3'% 4,5!&'% #Y+"3#% 4(!% Z+#,!,M4+!% $#% *'$#,#"%
*,#7=,+!"% $#% ,#*,'$4;C'% "'7+!)% !"% #% '% $+"74,"'% $'% empreendedorismo9% M4#%*'$#%#&:'):#,%,#)!;\#"%!""+([/
7'&$+;\#"% 5="+7!"% *!,!% "'5,#:+:g&/ !*'&3!&$'% '"% "#04+&3#"% #)#(#&3'"% 3,+7!"9%7'(%#"3,434,!"%$#%0':#,&!&;!%
7+!9%7'&"3+34+&$'/"#%'"%aglomerados de 7,63+7'"% M4#% !$:[(% 7'(% #""!% &':!% &47)#!$!"%*',%#(*,#"!"%)6$#,#"%'4%
exclusão%2a1FJ 1FHb9%?@@@8B% *'"34,!% M4#% #(#,0#% $!% (4$!&;!% 7'',$#&!$',#"% M4#% $#<+&#(% "4!%
J3',*#,_% o!){#,% 2?@q@8% ,#7'&Z#/ &!"% #7'&'(+!"% 7!*+3!)+"3!"9% !*I"% !% ,#$#%$#%,#)!;\#"B%
7#(%M4#%!%&';C'%$#%3#,,+3I,+'%[%(!+"% ,#7#""C'%$#%?@Pi^% -'))#3+"_% G+))y9% #3B% !)B9% 2?@@@8% 3,!/
!*,'*,+!$!%*!,!%"#%3,!3!,%$'%#"*!;'% !8%!""'7+!;C'%$'%&':'%#(*,##&/ tam das diferentes modalidades
$#% 4(!% +&$>"3,+!% #&M4!&3'% 4(% $#$',+"('%7'(%!%&';C'%$#%|*!,7#,+!% $#% 0':#,&!&;!% $'"% ('$#)'"% $#%
7'&X4&3'% $#% )40!,#"% ,#)!7+'&!$'"% *>5)+7'/*,+:!$!d9%#(%M4#%!%+&+7+!3+:!% desenvolvimento territorial confor/
*',%,#$#"%7'#,#&3#"B%F""!%'*;C'%3#(% 3,!$+7+'&!)%)'7!)%"#%+&3#0,!%7'(%'%4"'% (#% "4!"% 7!,!73#,6"3+7!"% *>5)+7!"% '4%
,#)!;C'% 7'(% !"% $+&.(+7!"% #"*!7+!+"% $'"%*'$#,#"%0':#,&!(#&3!+"%)'7!+"9% *,+:!$!"%#(%3#,('"%$#%!*,'*,+!;C'%
$!% +&$4"3,+!)+W!;C'% 7!*+3!)+"3!9% *'+"% !3,!+&$'%<'&3#"%#Y3#,&!"%$#%N&!&7+!/ $#% ,#74,"'"B% 1""+(9% !% 0':#,&!&;!%
'% 3#,,+3I,+'% !5',$!% <#&](#&'"% #(% (#&3'9%&':'"%+&:#"3+(#&3'"%$+,#3'"% *,+:!$!% '7',,#% M4!&$'% '"% !3',#"%
M4!)M4#,% #"7!)!% 0#'0,=N7!% !% *!,3+,% #%<'&3#"%$#%#(*,#0'_% *,+:!$'"%$'(+&!&3#"%+(*4)"+'&!(%#%
$#%*,'7#""'"%$#%7'&"3,4;C'%#%,#7'&"/ 58% 7!,=3#,% #"*#74)!3+:'% $!"% *!,/ *+)'3!(%$+"*'"+3+:'"%$#%7'',$#&!;C'%
3,4;C'%"'7+!)9%!'%*!""'%M4#%!%,#0+C'9% 7#,+!"%*>5)+7'/*,+:!$!"%#(%3',&'%$'% #%7,+!;C'%$#%,#74,"'"%$#%!7',$'%7'(%
7'(4(#&3#9%#&<'7!%#"*!;'"%$#)+(+/ #(*,##&$#$',+"('9%!'%7'&3,=,+'%$'"% 4(% '5X#3+:'% $#% !*,'*,+!;C'% *,+:!/
3!$'"%&'%&6:#)%"45&!7+'&!)B%G+))y_%K#/ *,'X#3'"% $#% $#"#&:'):+(#&3'% ,!7+'/ $!9%7!"'"%#"3#"%#(%M4#%4(!%0,!&$#%
7M4#4,%2?@@P9%*B%??c8%7'(*)#(#&3!(% &!)(#&3#%*)!&#X!$'"%#%7'',$#&!$'"_% N,(!%'4%0,4*'%!*!,#7#%7'('%('3',%
#""!%+$#+!%$!%"#04+&3#%<',(!^% 78%'%7'&7#+3'%$#%#(*,##&$#$',+"/ $'% "+"3#(!B% b,!3!/"#9% *'+"9% $#% 4(%
('%#&<'7!%(!+"%!%#7'&'(+!%*')63+7!% (#7!&+"('%$#%!*,'*,+!;C'%*,+:!$!%
kBBBl%'%3#,,+3I,+'%&C'%"#%$#N&#%7'('%
$'%)40!,%$'%M4#%'%3#,,+3I,+'9%#(%"4!% $'% 3#,,+3I,+'% $#"$#% '% &6:#)% 0)'5!)9%
4(% "+(*)#"% #"*!;'% $#)+(+3!$'% $#% 7'&7#*;C'%(!+"%7)=""+7!_% "#&$'% M4#% !% 0':#,&!&;!% !*!,#7#%
,#74,"'"9%(!"%"+(%7'('%|'%('$'%#(% $8%*,'7#""'%$#%7'(*#3+;C'%#&3,#% 7'('% (#7!&+"('% $#% 7'',$#&!;C'%
M4#%"#%#"3!5#)#7#%4(%0,4*'%#(%"#4% "+"3#(!"%4,5!&'"9%$#&3,'%$!%$+:+"C'% "'7+'+&"3+347+'&!)%*!,!%)#0+3+(!,%#""!%
#&3',&'%&!34,!)%M4#9%&!%',0!&+W!;C'% +&3#,&!7+'&!)%$'%3,!5!)Z'9%!3,!:["%$!% ,#)!;C'%Z#0#(]&+7!B%
$!% )'7!)+W!;C'% $#% !3+:+$!$#"9% +&"/ #Y*)',!;C'%$#%:!&3!0#&"%#"*#76N7!"% ,!&$C'_% -'"3!9% #3B% !)B% 2TAAR8%
3!4,!%#%<!W%*,#:!)#7#,%!"%7'&$+;\#"% *!,!%!%*,'$4;C'%$#%5#&"%#%"#,:+;'"_% +$#&3+N7!(%)+(+3!;\#"%L"%<#,,!(#&3!"%
$#% 7'(4&+7!;C'S)+&04!0#(% #% $#% #8% 54"7!% $!% ,#0+C'% 4,5!&!% #(% de desenvolvimento territorial em
!*,#&$+W!$'%7')#3+:'B% (#)Z',!,% "4!% *'"+;C'% 7'(*#3+3+:!% 1,,!&X'"% K,'$43+:'"% O'7!+"% #% E+"/

RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA @c


3,+3'"%U&$4"3,+!+"119%*'+"%:##(%&#)!"9% $#%+&+7+!3+:!"%*'$#%)#:!,%!%'*'"+;C'% !*'+'%#%N&!&7+!(#&3'%#%M4#%$+N74)3!%
(!+"%#"*#7+N7!(#&3#%#(%"4!%0':#,/ #&3,#%#)!"9%$#:+$'%!%$+<#,#&;!"%#&3,#% '%!&$!(#&3'%$#%*,'X#3'"%#&:'):#&$'%
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<,!0+)+$!$#%+&"3+347+'&!)%$#%('$#)'"% ,!"% *')63+7'/+$#')I0+7!"% #&:'):#&$'% 3',&'%$#%&':'"%7'&3',&'"%,#0+'&!+"B%
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interesses privados e empresariais #&3,#%&6:#+"%0':#,&!(#&3!+"%#(%3',&'% !$:#,"'"% #(% ,#)!;C'% L% *#,"*#73+:!%
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$#% 0':#,&!&;!9% #(% 4(% 7'&3#Y3'% $#% #% $#% ,#74,"'"% Z6$,+7'"9% "#% 7')'7!(% e o continente de processos de de/
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$#%*,'X#3'"%#%"#,:+;'"%*!,!%#"3,434,!"% *,#7#$#&3#% M4#% !+&$!% $#N&#% !% $+"/ E#""#%('$'9%*'$#('"%"+"3#(!3+W!,%'%
,#0+'&!+"%#%)'7!+"B%F""!%"'5,#*'"+;C'% 3,+54+;C'% #"*!7+!)% $#% +&"3+34+;\#"% $#% $#5!3#%#(%$4!"%0,!&$#"%)+&Z!"^

Quadro 2 – Potencialidades e fragilidades dos postulados da governança


Níveis de análise Potencialidades da governança Fragilidades da governança
Da escala territorial F"3+(4)!%!"%:'7!;\#"%#%#"*#7+N7+$!$#"%)'7!+"%#%,#0+'&!+"B% F"3+(4)!(%'%)'7!)+"('%#%,+:!)+$!$#"%#&3,#%4&+$!$#"%3#,/
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“atmosfera industrial” de formação e acúmulo de competências no DI, fruto de um processo histórico-cultural de desenvolvimento
industrial e de funcionamento do mercado local de trabalho. Esse modelo teve seu apogeu econômico e comercial nos anos 1970 e
1980 no cenário do nordeste italiano. Atualmente o modelo se encontra em estado de transição explicado por autores como Coró e
Caccia (2002), com aumento do registro de relações de emprego informais e precárias e deslocalização de unidade produtivas para
países com custos baixos de produção, como é o caso do Sul e Sudeste asiático.

@R Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


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RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA @P


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TU Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO


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Mestrados e Doutorados

RDE - REVISTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO Ano XV Nº 28 Dezembro de 2013 Salvador, BA TT