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# DESIGN OF COLUMN

## COLUMN NO. ___ - FRAME ___

Design Criteria
Concrete cover = 40 mm
f’c = 21 MPa
Fy = 275 MPa
L = _____mm

Pu = _____kN
V= _____ kN
M1 = _____ kN.m
M2 = _____ kN.m

Assume 𝝆𝒈

𝝆𝒈 = 0.02

## Establish a trial section

Use B mm x D mm
A g = (B)(D)=_____mm 2

## Check if the column is short or slender

𝑘𝐿𝑢 (0.50)(𝐿𝑢)
= = ______
𝑟 0.3(𝑑)
−𝑀1 −𝑀1
34 − 12 = 34 − 12 ( ) = ______
𝑀2 𝑀2
𝑘𝐿𝑢 −𝑀1
< 34 − 12
𝑟 𝑀2

## ∴ 𝐷𝐸𝑆𝐼𝐺𝑁 𝐴𝑆 𝑆𝐻𝑂𝑅𝑇 𝐶𝑂𝐿𝑈𝑀𝑁

𝑀 𝑀
𝑒= = (103 )
𝑃 𝑃
𝑒 = ____𝑚𝑚
ℎ ℎ
= = _____𝑚𝑚
6 6

<𝑒
6
∴ 𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑛 ℎ𝑎𝑠 𝑎 𝑙𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑠𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑎𝑥𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑. 𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛 𝑎𝑠

## 𝑒𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑦 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑑 𝑐𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑛

Steel Reinforcement

𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑔 (𝐴𝑔 ) = (0.02)(𝐴𝑔 )

𝐴𝑠 = _______𝑚𝑚2

## Use 25mm bars

𝜋𝑑2
𝐴𝑠 = (𝑛)
4
𝜋𝑑2
𝐴𝑠 = (𝑛)
4
𝑛 = _____𝑝𝑐𝑠

𝑠𝑎𝑦 𝑛 − 𝑑 𝑚𝑚 𝜙

𝜋𝑑2
𝐴𝑠1 = 𝐴𝑠2 = (𝑛)
4
𝐴𝑠1 = 𝐴𝑠2 = ______𝑚𝑚2

Calculate 𝝆𝒈𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒖𝒂𝒍
𝜋 2
𝐴𝑠 4 (𝑑 )(𝑛)
𝜌𝑔𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = =
𝐴𝑔 (𝑏)(𝑑)

𝜌𝑔𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = _______%

## 1% < 𝜌𝑔𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 % < 6% 𝑜𝑘!

Effective Depth
dmain bar
deff = h − concrete cover − dstirrups −
2
dmain bar
deff = h − 40 − dstirrups −
2
deff = _____ mm
Check Actual Capacity of the Section
Σ𝐹 = 0
Assume steel yields 𝑓𝑠 = 𝑓𝑦
𝑃 + 𝑇1 = 𝐶 + 𝐶2
𝑃 + 𝐴𝑆1 𝐹 = 0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐(𝑎)(𝑏) + 𝐴𝑆2 𝐹
𝑃 + (𝐴𝑆1 )(275) = 0.85(21)(𝑎)(𝑏) + (𝐴𝑆2 )(275)
𝑃 = ______𝑎 − 𝑒𝑞. 1
Σ𝑀𝐿 = 0
𝑏 𝑎 𝑏 𝑏
𝑃(𝑒) = 𝐶 ( − ) + 𝐶2 ( − 𝑑2 ) + 𝑇1 (𝑑1 − )
2 2 2 2
𝑏 𝑎 𝑏
𝑃(𝑒) = 0.85(21)(𝑎)(𝑏) ( − ) + (𝐴𝑠2 )(275) ( − 𝑑2 )
2 2 2
𝑏
+(𝐴𝑠1 )(275) (𝑑1 − ) − 𝑒𝑞. 2
2
𝑃(𝑒) =
Substituting equation 1 to 2
𝑒𝑞. 1 = 𝑒𝑞. 2
a=______mm
At Equation 1
𝑃 = ______𝑎 = (_____)(𝑎)(10−3 )
𝑃 = _______𝑘𝑁
𝑎 𝑎
𝑐= =
𝛽1 0.85
𝑐 = ______𝑚𝑚
Check if both steel will yield first at failure
600(𝑑1 − 𝑐)
𝑓𝑠1 =
𝑐
600(𝑑1 − 𝑐)
𝑓𝑠1 =
𝑐
𝑓𝑠1 = ______𝑀𝑃𝑎 > 𝐹𝑦
∴ Tension steel yields. Assumption is correct.

600(𝑐 − 𝑑2 )
𝑓𝑠2 =
𝑐
600(𝑐 − 𝑑2 )
𝑓𝑠2 =
𝑐
𝑓𝑠2 = ______𝑀𝑃𝑎 > 𝐹𝑦
∴ Compression steel yields. Assumption is correct.
Safe Axial Load and Bending Moment that the section could carry
𝑃 = ∅𝑃 = (0.65)(𝑃)
𝑃𝑢 = _______𝑘𝑛 > 𝑃 𝑘𝑛
𝑀𝑢 = 𝑃𝑢 (𝑒) = (𝑃𝑢 )(𝑒)
𝑀𝑢 = ______𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 > 𝑀 𝑘𝑛. 𝑚
∴ 𝑆𝐴𝐹𝐸 @ % 𝐸𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑦
Check clear spacing of main bars
𝑏 − 2(𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑒𝑙 𝑐𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟) 𝑏 − 2(𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑒𝑙 𝑐𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟)
𝑆= − 𝑑𝑏 = − 𝑑𝑏
𝑛/4 𝑛/4
𝑆=
Minimum spacing of main bars allowed by NSCP Section 407.7.3
𝑆𝟏 = 1.5(𝑑𝑏 ) = (1.5)(𝑑𝑏 ) = ____𝑚𝑚
Say 𝑆𝟏 = ______𝑚𝑚
∴ 𝑆𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑜𝑓 𝑚𝑎𝑖𝑛 𝑏𝑎𝑟𝑠 𝑖𝑠 𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑎𝑡𝑒
Use S=___mm clear spacing
Shear Reinforcement
𝑉 = _____𝑘𝑁
Calculate 𝑽𝒖 at distance “d” from the support
V at support V at distance ′d′
=
L/2 L
2 −d

## V at support V at distance ′d′

=
L/2 L
2 −d

V at distance′d′ = ________kN

## Shear Capacity of the Concrete

𝑃𝑢
𝑉𝑐 = 0.17 (1 + ) 𝜆√𝑓 ′ 𝑐𝑏𝑤 𝑑
14𝐴𝑔

(𝑃𝑢 )(103 )
𝑉𝑐 = 0.17(1 + )(1.0)√21(𝑏𝑤 )(𝑑)(10−3 )
14𝐴𝑔

𝑉𝑐 = _______𝑘𝑁

∅𝑉𝑐 = (0.75)(𝑉𝑐 )

∅𝑉𝑐 = _____𝑘𝑁

∅𝑉𝑐
= _____𝑘𝑁
2

## Spacing of Lateral Ties

𝜋 2
3𝐴𝑣 𝐹𝑦 3( 4)(𝑑𝑏 ) (3)(275)
𝑆= =
𝑏 𝑏

𝑆 = ____𝑚𝑚
Maximum Spacing of Shear Reinforcement in accordance with NSCP 2015

𝑑 𝑑
𝑆𝑚𝑎𝑥 = =
2 2

𝑆𝑚𝑎𝑥 = _____𝑚𝑚

## 𝑆𝟑 = 𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑡 𝑑𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 = ___𝑚𝑚

∴ 𝑺 = 𝒔𝒎𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝑺 𝒎𝒎 𝑶. 𝑪.

Design Summary