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Cabo UTP

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Redes sem fio
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Redes sem fio
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Velocidades
Velocidades
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2 ) (
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) 5
H8 , /# //J7 8 " $// I ) # $L ) #
( ( =:K 7 L ) #
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( ( LK# F7
8, /L ) #
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Os capítulos do curso
Os capítulos do curso
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$ % & &
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Capítulo 2
Índice
( )@*
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(
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D) 0 )(
O cabeamento precisa ser
confiável

.
Não faça isto!!!
2(
* *
5 ) 7B *
(
( (
6 ) 96 *
)
6 72
( * )(
-
)( 7
)( -
(, * 9 (
)1 7

4 ) ( 9 5( )( ( @
(, * ( (@& 7 2 ( )
( @6 ) ) ) 7

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Cabo coaxial
Conector RJ-45
2 ( )

) H
J E=!" U
,) )
) F7 8 )
)1 )
( ( -) 7
: * (? )
* * @

( 1) )
( 74

)1 9 * * !
() @ , (
( ( -) ) 7
Conector BNC
45 -)
./9
) ) *
( )
( ( -) ) 72
( (
( (,
K 74 (
6 5 ( ) ,
( ( K 7
B 5 (
) )
( 9 )
(
<) ( )
( ( 9 L ) )1 ) ( ( -) ) 7 :
( ( 9 - 9 1 0 1 A )( 7 L
6 6 ) ) ( ( * 9 ) )1 7
( 7 ( 9 6 ( 5 * 95
() ( ( ( ( K 9( * )
( ( ( -) ) 7 4 0 ; () )<
) ( () )< ( ( ( ( K 7
Conectores para cabos coaxiais
2 ( ( -) )
) )< 5
( ( K ) H!J
) 7
( 5 )1
( *5
( ( H!J7 2
A ) 0 *
) 9
(
) 7

4 ; () )< 6 )
( () )< ( ( 7
Ligação por cabos coaxiais
" )1 (
) ) )*
9 (
( -) ) 9 5 ()
( ( H!J
( (
* *) 7:
( ( -) )
)1 *5
( ( H!J7 2
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) ) )*
* : @ ) ( ( 1 ) 9
) ( ( 7 )( ) 72 (
( ( ( 7
Ligação por cabos coaxiais
4F ( H!J )1
( ( 74
- ) )
( ( )1 (
( -) ) 7

KF 4 A ) ( 9
A ) ) ) )* ( 9 *
)1 ( ( H!J9
) 7

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Confeccionando cabos coaxiais

L ( ( ( ( -) ) ( ( ) ) 9 ;@ 6
) ( 5 , ; ) 7
8 ; () )< 6 ) 9 * (? ( @
() ( ( )( ( ) 7 3 (?
* @ 5 ( ( E( %C +F ( ( K
) - ) ( 9( () 7

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Conector BNC
2( ( K 5(
9( )1
72( 5) <)
( ( ( 96 5
) 7= ) ( < (
( ( ( ( 74
, ( - ( 5
( ( ( *5
@ )( 7

% ( %C +

+
Cabo coaxial pronto
= ) (
@ )(
( ( 9 )
)1) < ( 9 *)
6 ; ) )( (
) -( )* 7

8 ; 6 ( () )<
9

( 1
( ( -) ) (
( ) ; 7

$
Par trançado

$
Cabo UTP pronto
B 9 ;
() )< )
( (()
( =!" ) 7
(
( ( )
)< 9( 9+/
9$/ 7 " )
) 9
( ( 7

" , ( 95
))
( (() )
( 9(
1 ) 7

$
Conector RJ-45
2 ( )

) H
J E=!" U
,) )
) F7 2 ( (
(
(, %S& 7
2( ( (
%S& ) H (, J9
5 (,
"Q=C %S& 7
(
( 8 ( 6 ) ()
( ( %S& ) )( -% %. & 7 8 ( (
H? J9 5 6 ) 9 () <) " 7
(, S4 V %S&
7

$
Comprar cabos e conectores
4
( (() (
=!"9 5 (
1 )
( ( 78 6
* (? )( 5
( 1 ) ) 9
5 ( @* ) )<
( ( %S& H
J9 )
) 7B )
6 )* @ )( 9 " ( (() ( 9 * (? () @(
1 ; ( =!" ( 1 ) 9 ( ( %S&
( ( 7! 5 @ () 6 ) ) )( ( )
( 7
6 ) 9(
4L"7

$
Alicate crimpador RJ-45
" (
=!" * (? () @
)( ( )
( ( %S& 7
) 9 ) -)
)( ( )
( ( %S& 9 6
7
) )( 5
( (
%S& 78 )(
5 * (
( ( 7

$$
Cabo UTP CAT 5
2( =!" *
( 1 )
) 96 5
0 )
// L ) # 7 3 (?
( @ ) )(
H 4! J 1
( 7
) )
-) 6
) 72 ) )
6 (

)9 (
)1 7

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Testador de cabos
L 6
- )? () ( (
( 9 * <
( 6 () 7
" 1 (
) ) )-
1 ) ( ( 7
= ) (
) 6 ( 7
" ) 5 ( @ )
( 9(
78
5( )
, 7 (
( - ) ( 7=
) @1 6>? ()
) ) 6 * @ N Q8B ( 6>? () ( 9
1 ( ( 6 ) )( 1 9 -)
6 Q8B 9 6>? () 7 ( 7G () ( ( (
) 1 7

$+
Cabos conectados em um HUB
2 ( =!"9 )
9
)1
(
E,
) (, F7 8-)
)(
( 9 ) (
Q)1 ) )
)( E( ( * F
Q)1 )(
1
Q)1
( (
6 ) 9
( ( 9 Q)1 *@ ) ( =K7
) *)
)

$.
Usando o alicate
2 )( ( ) 5
5 (
( ( =!"7 4
) )( )1

F (
FB ( (
F ) ( (

'/
Preparando o cabo
= )(
( (
- ( 72 )
) ) *
( 7 B )- ) T ()
( 9 ( 9
( )1 7
8 6 * (? )*
9 @6
*@ ) * < 9 5 ( 1 )
( (
- ( )
) 7" ) 9 1)
* )( 9 <
( )() 9
) - (
- 6 )( (
( 7

'
Coloque os fios na ordem
4 )1 ( * ) ) ) ) ( 7" ) )
6 ) , & 9( E F )1 7

6 )
1 ) 9
6 ) )
K ( &*
3
K ( & ;
4<
K ( & <
Q ;
K ( &
L

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Use uma chave de fenda
2 ) 6
) <)
( ( %S& 7
" 6
) ;
() ) 9( 6
)
) , 9
( ;
(, *
7

'
Corte o excesso de fio
B ) ) , 9
)( ( ) (
-( ) 72 ) )
( * )( (
( ) 9( ( 9 ( 7

'
Introduza no
conector
RJ-45
< )
) ) (
( ( %S& 72,
( ( (
)1 78
( ( -) *
@ )( 7 * (?
* @ ) ( @ )( 7
" 6 ,
( ) (
@ )( 9 ) *
* *)
6 7

'
Ordem dos fios
) ) )
)(
)1
72 *
5 (, 1 (
- < ( 7
2K: 8 5
6 (, ! 4
$+47

'$
Erros comuns
4 )1 ) ) (
6 < ( 7
6 ) )( ( )-
( ( 73 ) 6 ( <
( )( ) )- 6 * ) 7
9 ( ( )( @ ( 9
@ ) 1 7

" ( )1) ) 9 ) ( (
)( ( ) ( ) ( E
) F ) ) ( ( 96 *
)( ( , 7

''
Confira antes de crimpar!
) ( (
%S& (
)
6 )
)*
) <)
( 9
(
) )
)1
F D)
(
F! )
) <) 5
)
F -
# '# ( ) 5
) )(

'+
Crimpando o conector
< ( ( )(
( )1 74
)( ( 72 *
)- ( )( ( (
)( 7

'.
Crimpagem concluída
2 * )1 9
5 * ) ( - E < F
( 78 ( 5H ) J
6 * @ )(
( ( 6 ) @ ?& (
9 *) 6 72
) ( @ )( 5
* H J )
( 7

+/
Melhorando o cabo
3 (? (
@ )( (

1 ( ( %S& 7
4 ( *
) <) (
)- ( ( 7
8 (
( ( ) ) 7
" (
; () )<
) 7

+
Teste o cabo
" ) - )? () 6 * (?
, ( ( ( 95
() 7=
(
) 7 (
(
- ) (
) )1@& 7
2 (
6 Q8B 6>? () 9
( ( ; ( 7
N Q8B @ 1 9
-) ) (
6 @( ( 7
: @ () ) (()
*) ) ( (
( ) 7= *
( ( * ( (
1 7

+
Conectores de rede nas
paredes

+
Cabeamento interno
5 ( )
)- (
(, 9
5 72) 5 ) )<
) 9

9 7
* (
6 ;@
; )
5 )( 7 B *
0 (
7
)1 H J(
)1 7:
*
) 9
- 7

+
Tomadas externas
N
( ) )<
1
) 9
)
- 9 5 ( ) @* 9
) 9 (
5 9
*
1 ) 5 )( 7
- ) (
* -) ) ( )-
- 9 6 ) (
)1 7
) 5
( 7

+
Jack RJ-45
! & ( %S& (
? 72( ( %S& 9
) - )
( 9 5 5 (,
H 1 %S& J7
8 ; (I * )
6 )(
)- 7

2 ( ) )
* ( ; (I %S& 78
; (I ( )- , 6
)( ) 9( )1
7

+$
Ferramenta de impacto
" )- ; (I %S&
*
) ( 9
( )1 7
8
( + )
( ( 7! 5 (
-( ) 7

+'
Desencape o cabo
= )(
( )
(
( 7 B )-
( ( (
( 7
: )

) <)&
( ( 7

++
Posicione os fios no jack RJ-45
B ( )
( =!" ) <
; (I9
( (
)1
7
2K: 4
) () )(
5 (,
! 4 $+47

+.
Encaixe os fios nas fendas
)
) *
) <)
; (I9 (
)1 7
8 ( )- @-)
6 72 ( )-
) ) )* @ )
6

) ( 7

./
Use a ferramenta de impacto
=
) ( (
) ) 78
)- @ (
) ( ( 9
6
( @ -(
) 72 * ( 5
) ( )- 7 2
( * @
)
) 78
)-
( ) < 9
56 )6
) ( (
( ( 7

.
Fios cortados e presos
4 ) (
<
( )- ) )
H J -)
( ( 5
( ( ) 7 )
)(
( )- 9(
)1 7

.
Tomada pronta
D)- ; (I %S& ,
) &
7 )1 6
-) , )
5 )( (
7 3 (? @ 1
( )1
( ( (
( 7 - )
( 6 9
-) ) @ 96 * @
)1 , 9 ) (,
6 ) E* )- F7

.
Padrões 568A e 568B

.
Padrão TIA/EIA-568A
2 ! 4#8 4& $+4 ! 4#8 4& $+K () )( )1
) E=!"F ( ( %S& 7 4 ( - 6
5 1 1 ; (I %S& $+49 6 5 ) 74
)1 )- 6 ( =!" A )
( 1 ; (I %S& 6 $+47

$+4

.
Padrão TIA/EIA-568B
! 4#8 4& $+K9 ) E ; F E* F
( 72 ; ( ) ( ( 9 6 *
( ) $ ( ( 7

$+K

.$
568A ou 568B?
2 ) () 72 ( () 6
- ) ; 7% ( 6
6 )< * (? +$49 6 5 ) 7
8-(
= ( =!" ( ( ( %S& (, E 1F () @(
6 6 9 6 ; $+49 ; $+K
E $+4F7 8 6 ( (() ( ( * 9
( ( ) ( ) 9 , ) (, 9
* - ) ) 9 ; 9
+$4 $+K7
4 ( ) ; (I %S& 9 () $+47 8 9 * (?
)* , 6 ;@ ( ( ( ; (I
$+K9 , 7

.'
Plug RJ-45 no padrão 568A
4 6 ? () )1 6
) ( @
$+47 2 * )1
6 * @
6 7

.+
Jack RJ-45 no padrão 568A
2 ; (I %S&
) )( ( (
) ( ) H4J HKJ7
= )1 ) )(
( H4J )(
$+47

..
Cabo crossover
2( ( * *
)1 ) (
) 9 ,
) (,7 ! 5
( @ ) 1
)( 9 - 9
)1 (
1
H (( ) J
) E ) F7

)(
( 7 41 6 6
* (?
( 7
8 ) (
- ) 2 * ( ( 38%B8
$+4 6 E $+4F9 Q4%4 S4
6 E $+KF7
$+K7

//
Cabo crossover
" ( ) ( ( * 9) ) ( ( (
( ) )( )1 )- 7 = - ) @ ( -
) E $+4F @ ( - ) * ) E $+KF7

/
Introduza os fios no conector
" ( )
) 7=
6 $+4
$+K ;@ 7

/
Testando o cabo

)6 () * )
%S &/ 7 *)

/
Protetor do conector

)6 () * )
%S &/ 7 *)

/
Testando cabo crossover

)6 () * )
%S &/ 7 *)

/
Cabo com erro

)6 () * )
%S &/$7 *)

/$
Fibra óptica

/'
Estrutura de uma fibra óptica
2 ) 0 )( 5 ) ( *)
) )( 78 *) 5
* )< (
* 9 ( 6
) ) )(
) < 7: 5
0-) ) ( 9
5 * ) (
) ) @ )( 6
1 9 *) 6
6 7 )1 9
) ) ) 5
( E A( F9 5
* ) 7

/
Cabos de 1 e de 2 pares
2 )(
) 0 )(
< ( (
7= ( -
) 0 )(
-)1 9
)
)
( 7 8-)
( ( 5 .$
7
Cabos de todos os tipos
4 - ( )( -)1
)1 () 1)
*5 ( ) 0 )( 7L )
( 6 ( ( 5
) 7: ( @ )
1 ( 78 (
( ) 9 - 9
( ) ( ) *) 7
( ) @ ) 9 @1 9 <
6 6 ( 6 -);
1 ()
* ) 1 ;@
) ) 1
( )( 7
8 ) 1)
5 )( ( & )
E6 ) )1 )9
F( ) 0 )(
) ) 74 )
) 9 ) ( < )() 7
Fibras ópticas em redes locais
3@ ) ) (
) 0 )(
( ) 72(
)
) )
7: ( (
(, :!7 8
( ) 9
)
( ( )
) )
) 7
6 ( 5
* 9
) )
( 7
- ) (
( ( -)
@ )( 1
) 7
Cabos com conectores SC
4 )1
( ) 0 )( 6
( ( ) 7
: (, ( ( : 7
2 )( ( 9
6 )
) 0 )( )*) ) ,
6
( ( : 6
( ( L!%S9 6
1 ) 7
Placa de rede para fibra óptica
3 -
(
) 0 )( 7 8
( (
* () ///
L ) # /7/// L ) #
E CK# / CK# F9
7
4 ( -
( ( : 7

2 * 6 ( 5" $ ) 7" ( CK#


- ? () ( ( /
LK# 9 6 @-) () " )
E LK# F7 " ( CK# ) 5 ( "
$ ) # $$ L <9 6 ( - 5 LK# 7
" ( /C ) # ) )
* < 9( " &P " 8- 7
Cabo com conectores MTRJ / VF-45
8 5 )
( ( ) )
6 )
)(
6 ) )
0 )( 7 = ) )< (
) 74 ) )(
) ) ( ( 9
)
@ )( 7

$
Conversor de mídia
) ) ( 5
( @ ) < (
0 )( 7
" ( =!"9 6
) 9 )
9
( )( 9)
( * ) 7:
6 , ( * ) )
5 )( E%S& F ) )
0 )( E ) F7 " - 9
) )1 ) 5 )
) T ()
() // E
@-) 6 ( =!"
F9 ( ( (
5 ) 9( * )
< )1
5 ) ) 0 )( 7

'
Placa de rede

$
A placa de rede
8 5 ) ) 6 ) )
"
78 ( ?
, ;
( * ) 74 1 5 )(
() ) 9
( )- /
) 7

4 ( ) D 8, 9 // L ) # ( ( %S& 7
! * H /# //J9 ; 9 () 5 )1 9 6
/L ) # 7

'
HUB e SWITCH

+
HUB e SWITCH
2 =K 5 )* 6 ) ( ) )( (
H( ( J7 : * ) )1 *@ ) ( 6 )
7 2 =K )1 )- + 9 -)
( $9 9 ) 7! 5 5 * )1@& ( ( 9
) ) A 7
2 :O ! 5 6 ) ) () ( =K9 5 ) ) )1
( ) , 9( * ) 7

.
Para grandes redes
8 ) ) )< , ) (, ( ) A
72 ) (, )1 )- ) + 7

/
Ligações internas de um HUB
4 )1
)1 ) =K7 8
,
() ( H)
) )1 J9 ( < ( (
*@ ) 6 ) 7
6 ( - 5
0
7" - 9 )*
( )
6 ) )1 " 9( -)
9 6 ) ( ) 9( ), 9(
)1 6 ) *) 6 ) )1 =K @
6 ) )) ( //W
)1 '9 @6 9 ) 7N
* <7 4 ) ) 5 A =K9
) 6 ( @ 7= ( -
9 6 ( @ //W
6 ) () 6 )
) * <7 )* 7
Ligações internas de um SWITCH
S@ :O !
) ) )1 78 )
( 6 (, 1
(
)1 ) 74 ) 9
*) @ (
( 72 56
)
-) ) *@ ) ( - )
) T 9 -
8 ( 6 ( -
" *) () 9 @ ) *
" //W 7
" *) 8 (, * ) )1
) ( - ( ) )
" ( , 7
" +
" $ *)
" '
HUB
8- )( 9 , , 6 6
(, 1 5 )) 7B 9
( ( H *) @J ( 6 )9 6
( ( ( ( 6 ( 7
HUB
: ( ( < ( 6
( 9* 6 6 (
( 5 ) ( 6 7 (
) ) ( 7 (
)- 9 ( ( W 7= @ //W
-) ) ( )) 7
SWITCH
2 ) (, ) , 6 , 6 ( ) )(
)1 9 ( ( ) ) 6
) T 7 ( ) ) 5 //W
7
Equipamentos montados em
rack

$
Alças para montagem em rack
N
5 ) E ()
/ @6 ) F9
* ) )<
6 )

%4 V ( )
.
1 7
) (, ) $

( ,
@ )( )

(I 7

'
Fixação no rack
= <)
)
6 ) 9
@& 5
( (I9
( )1
72 (I
() )
1 () 7

+
Montagem em rack
)1 * 1
6 )
(I7 8 ) 6 9(
/ @6 ) 9 5 @()
1 )<
78 ) 6
9) )
6 ) ) ( 9
( - *) 1 1 7
= (I ( )1
) 6 )
( )( ) 1 )< 7G
) ) @() ( )< ( -
< * ) 7

.
Racks abertos
46 1
5 ) ) 7:
(I )
( ( ) 9
) )<
( )1
7: )
) @() ) )< 72 (I
( (
) A )-
6 ) 7" )
1 ;
6 ) ) 7
: 6 ) ) 1
) )
) )< (I (, 7

/
Racks
fechados
45 ) 1 9
(I (, 5
) 7: ) )(
)
6 ) 9
5 1
*) 7" ( )
( ) )
(I 7
L 1 )
6 )
( ) *)
) )< (I 7
Patch panel
! & )
( ( %S& ? 6
*
(I7 B )
( ( ( 6
)1 )*
6 ) 7
( ( (,
5 (, "2%!47 4
* 9
) )
@* )
)( * 1)
) ( ) ) -
( ( )1
7" - 9
* ) 5 / 9
@( (
( : 7S 5
:) * 7
Bridge

+
Bridge
4 ) 1 ( 95)
() 9 ) )1 ) (,9 ) (
7" ( ) ) 1 ( ) (, 7
: , 5 *) A -( )* ( ) 6 A 1
( ( ), ( 72 ) 1 )
( 6 (, 1 ( 9 ) (
6 ( ( 6 ) @ 7

)1 9
- 9 ) 1
)1 ) ( (
)1 )
9 5 (
)1 . )
9 )- )
( (
)1 $ )
/9 ( )1
) 74
1 * 1 56
) 4
( ) (
) K7

.
Switch substitui o bridge
2 ) 1 ) ( ( ( -) 7 ( (
9 ) (, 1 7 ) )- 9 6 6
( )< ( 9(
( ( , 74 6 49 K9 B )1 ) (,7

N 6 @ 1
( 4
( ) ) @( K9 B9
6 )
( 7:
) (,9 ) ,
1 9 (
6 ) ( ) )
)9 ; 9 )
A )( ) ( ) 7=
) )
( 4 ) 6
* < )*
)
)( K7

$/
Bridges modernos
( ) ) (, ) ) ) 1 9 ) ( ) 1
)( 72K ) 1 5 96
( A )( 7" - 9 )* ) 5 )
0-) 9( ( ( 9 ) )< ) 1 )1
7: ) *)@* )1 *5 ( ) 9
) 1 ) 9( ) ( 7
2 @ 1 5 () 96
A )( 7

$
Ligação em cascata

$
Ligação em cascata
= (
( ( )( 9
( ( - 9
*5 ,
) (, + 7B )
6
( ()
)() ) )(
9
( , ) (,
( )
A E
) ( F9 )()
1 , ) (, (
9 )1
) 6 )
( ( 7G ()

1 1
( - ( ( 7

$
Cabo normal
4 ,
) (, (
)
( ( %S& 9
)
) $
( ( 7 S@ (
(
) $9 )
) 7" )
6 )1 )
)( )
9 , 9
() (
( * 72
( )1
, ) (, 7

$
Cabo crossover
( , ) (,
( )
9 )
) $9 )1
) ) )*
* ) *5
( ( * 7

$
Usando a porta uplink
L ) , ) (,

(, ="Q V7 8
;@ )
) * ) 9
) )1
( (
( ( * 7
L ) , ) (,

="Q V7 " <


)1 ( (
95 ()
( ( * 7 6 )
H & J9 ; 9) ) )( )(
) ( ) )< 7: ( - 6
( ( * 9 , ( @
)( ) ( ) * @
) ( - 7
* ) )( 6 5
( 7

$$
Porta UPLINK compartilhada
6 ) * < 9 ="Q V 5 ( ), ( ;@
-) , ) (,7 )1 )- 9 ="Q V5( ),
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Redes Faixas de IPs Redes internas


Classe:

A 1.0.0.0 a 126.255.255.255 1 rede:


10.0.0.0 a 10.255.255.255

B 128.1.0.0 a 191.254.255.255 17 redes:


172.16.0.0 a 172.31.255.255 e
169.254.0.0 a 169.264.255.255
C 192.0.1.0 a 223.255.254.255 256 redes:
192.168.0.0 a 192.168.255.255

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