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TEST BOOKLET

GENERAL STUDIES (P) 2018 – Test–2447


C
Time Allowed: Two Hours Maximum Marks: 200

INSTRUCTIONS

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4. This Test Booklet contains 100 items (Questions). Each item is printed in English. Each item comprises four
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DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO


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1. Consider the following pairs : 4. Which of the following institutions publishes
Mechanisms Associated with the Global Gender Gap Report?
1. Advance : Cartagena (a) International Monetary Fund
Informed Protocol (b) World Economic Forum
Agreement
(c) Organization for Economic Cooperation
2. Certified : Nagoya Protocol
and Development
Emissions
Reductions (d) International Bank for Reconstruction
3. Joint : Montreal and Development
Implementation Protocol
Which of the pairs given above is/are 5. Which of the following can be used to
correctly matched? manufacture methanol fuel?
(a) 1 and 2 only
1. Carbon dioxide
(b) 2 and 3 only
2. Coal
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 3. Natural Gas
Select the correct answer using the code
2. With reference to the Cartagena Biosafety given below.
Protocol (CBP), consider the following (a) 1 and 2 only
statements: (b) 2 and 3 only
1. It was negotiated under the aegis of the (c) 1 and 3 only
Convention on Biological Diversity. (d) 1, 2 and 3
2. It governs the movements of living
modified organisms resulting from
6. Which among the following climate funds
modern biotechnology.
is/are administered by the World Bank?
3. India is a party to the protocol.
Which of the statements given above is/are 1. Global Climate Change Alliance
correct? 2. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
(a) 1 only 3. Adaptation Fund
(b) 2 and 3 only Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 1 and 3 only given below.
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
3. With reference to Higher Education Funding (c) 1 and 2 only
Agency (HEFA), consider the following (d) 3 only
statements:
1. It has been approved as a Special
Purpose Vehicle with a public sector 7. With reference to the military exercises
bank. conducted by India with other countries,
2. It will be solely funded by the Ministry consider the following pairs:
of Human Resource Development Military Exercises Countries
(MHRD). 1. Ajeya Warrior : UK
3. It will be used to promote world-class 2. Shakti : Russia
infrastructure in the higher-educational
3. Indra : France
institutes of India.
Which of the pairs given above is/are
Which of the statements given above are
correct? correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 1 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 only
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8. With reference to Biodiversity Heritage Sites 11. Which of the following institution releases
(BHS), consider the following statements: „Global Financial Development Report‟?
1. These sites are notified by National (a) World Bank
Biodiversity Authority.
(b) International Monetary Fund (IMF)
2. They are declared under Biological
(c) United Nations Development
Diversity Act 2002
3. To be declared as BHS, the site should Programme (UNDP)
be free from any human association. (d) World Economic Forum
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct? 12. With reference to Critical Wildlife Habitats
(a) 1 and 3 only (CWLHs), consider the following
(b) 2 only statements.
(c) 1 and 2 only
1. They are declared by the central
(d) 2 and 3 only
Government under Wildlife (Protection)
Act, 1972.
9. With reference to India Hypertension
Management Initiative (IHMI), consider the 2. These areas are required to be kept as
following statements: undamaged for the purpose of wildlife
1. It is a collaborative project of Ministry conservation.
of Health and Family Welfare and 3. They are notified with the consent of the
WHO. Gram Sabhas and affected stakeholders.
2. It aims to reduce disability and death
Which of the statements given above are
related to cardiovascular diseases
correct?
(CVD).
Which of the statements given above is/are (a) 1 and 2 only
correct? (b) 2 and 3 only
(a) 1 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 13. With reference to the Tiger Census in India,
consider the following statements:
10. Which among the following are the ideal
1. It is conducted every 4 years.
conditions for the development of
2. National Tiger Conservation Authority
mangroves?
1. Mix of saline and fresh water. (NTCA) is the nodal authority for
2. Fine-grained substrate. conducting the census.
3. Free from strong wave action and tidal 3. M-Stripes is the mobile app for
current. conducting tiger census.
4. Low seasonal variation in temperature. Which of the statements given above are
Select the correct answer using the code
correct?
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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14. Which of the following statements are 17. Consider the following pairs:
correct with reference to the Indian Rhino Protected River passing
Vision 2020 (IRV 2020) programme? Area through
1. It aims to attain a wild population of at 1. Periyar : Pamba
least 3,000 greater one-horned rhinos in 2. Bhitarkanika : Brahmani
Assam by 2020. 3. Jaldapara : Mahanadi
2. It involves expanding distribution of Which of the pairs given above is/are
rhinos over different areas to provide correctly matched?
long-term viability. (a) 1, 2 and 3
3. It is being undertaken in collaboration (b) 1 and 2 only
with World Wide Fund for Nature-India
(c) 3 only
(WWF-India).
(d) 2 only
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
18. With reference to the Project Elephant,
(a) 1 and 2 only
consider the following statements:
(b) 1 and 3 only
1. It aims to adress the issue of man animal
(c) 2 and 3 only
conflict and protect the habitats of the
(d) 1, 2 and 3
elephants.
2. It is being implemented only in the north
15. The Dachigam National Park was meant to
eastern states of India.
be a habitat exclusively for this animal. But
Which of the statements given above is/are
it is now competing for space and resources
correct?
with new and old habitants alike. This
(a) 1 only
animal is declared as "Critically
Endangered" by IUCN and is also listed (b) 2 only

under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (c) Both 1 and 2

(Protection) Act, 1972. (d) Neither 1 nor 2


The above description is related to which of
the following animals? 19. Consider the following statements regarding
(a) Chiru Indicator Species:
(b) Oryx 1. It is any biological species that defines a
(c) Hangul trait or characteristic of the
(d) Ghariyal environment.
2. Lichens and sparrows are examples of
16. Which one of the following is a biosphere indicator species.
reserve, national park and mixed World Which of the statements given above is/are
Heritage site? correct?
(a) Sunderbans (a) 1 only
(b) Bandipur (b) 2 only
(c) Nilgiri (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Khangchendzonga (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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20. With reference to Akash Missile, consider 24. Water hyacinth, Palmyra and Sleeping
the following statements: Grass are common flora species found in
1. It is a long-range surface to air missile. India. Which among the following traits is
2. It is the first supersonic missile with common in all of them?
indigenous radio frequency seeker. (a) All of them are invasive species which
are threats to native species and
3. It can neutralise multiple aerial targets
ecosystems.
simultaneously.
(b) All of them are endemic species found in
Which of the statements given above is/are
Western Ghats.
correct? (c) All of them are medicinal herbs used to
(a) 1 and 2 only cure diabetes.
(b) 2 only (d) All of them are insectivorous plants
(c) 2 and 3 only which are specialized in trapping insects.
(d) 1 and 3 only
25. Which of the following are part of the
21. With respect to Mangrove vegetation in Sustainable Development Goals adopted at
India, consider the following statements: the United Nations?
1. It is found in all coastal states/UTs. 1. To promote sustainable industrialization.
2. To ensure sustainable production and
2. Area under mangrove vegetation has
consumption patterns.
been constantly declining in India.
3. To promote sustainable use of oceans
Which of the statements given above is/are
and marine resources.
correct? 4. To take urgent action to combat climate
(a) 1 only change.
(b) 2 only Select the correct answer using the code
(c) Both 1 and 2 given below.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
22. Which of the following became the first state (c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
in India to have a dedicated social audit law?
(a) Nagaland
(b) Mizoram 26. With reference to Radio-frequency
identification(RFID) and Near-field
(c) Meghalaya
communication (NFC), consider the
(d) Tripura
following statements:
1. NFC provides one way communication
23. Consider the following statements regarding while RFID is capable of providing two
Conservation Reserve: way communication.
1. It is declared by the state governments. 2. NFC works in close proximity up to few
2. Its purpose is to protect landscapes, centimetres while RFID is capable of
seascapes, flora, fauna and their habitat. working up to 100 m.
3. They are declared under Wildlife 3. In NFC only one tag can be scanned at
one time while RFID is capable of
Protection Act, 1972.
scanning multiple tags.
Which of the above statements is/are
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
not correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only (a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1 only
(d) 1 only (d) 1 and 2 only
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27. With reference to National Power Portal 30. Consider the following statements regarding
(NPP), which of the following statements National Green Tribunal:
is/are correct? 1. It has been established under
Biodiversity Act, 2002.
1. It is a centralized platform for collation
2. It deals with enforcement of any legal
and dissemination of Indian power
right related to environment and giving
sector information. relief and compensation.
2. Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a Which of the statements given above is/are
nodal agency for implementation of correct?
NPP. (a) 1 only
Select the correct answer using the code (b) 2 only
given below. (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
31. Which of the following are the objectives
(c) Both 1 and 2
laid under the National Forest Policy, 1988?
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 1. It proposes to have 33% of geographical
area under forest or tree cover by 2030.
28. „Protected Planet‟, sometimes seen in news, 2. It aims at checking siltation of reservoirs
is for mitigating floods.
(a) an intergovernmental initiative to 3. It seeks to meet the minor forest produce
requirement of rural and tribal
eliminate use of ozone depleting
population.
substances.
Select the correct answer using the code
(b) a World Bank project to mitigate threats given below.
faced by small island nations. (a) 1 and 2 only
(c) a committee to advice on issues relating (b) 2 and 3 only
to genetic engineering. (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) a global database on terrestrial and (d) 1, 2 and 3
marine protected areas.
32. With reference to the National Green Corps,
consider the following statements:
29. With reference to Integrated Coastal Zone
1. It aims to build cadres of young children
Management Project, consider the following
working towards environmental
statements: conservation.
1. It was launched by the Ministry of 2. It is operated through Eco-Clubs set up
Shipping. in schools.
It is being implemented with the assistance 3. It is implemented by the Ministry
of World Bank. Which of the statements of Human Resource Development
Which of the statements given above is/are
given above is/are correct?
correct?
(a) 1 only
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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33. With reference to United Nations 36. With reference to the Wetlands International,
Framework Convention on Climate Change consider the following statements:
1. It is an inter-governmental agency
(UNFCCC), consider the following sponsored by World Wide Fund for
statements: Nature (WWF).
1. It was adopted at Rio Earth Summit. 2. It works to conserve and restore
wetlands such as lakes, marshes and
2. It aims to stabilize greenhouse gas
rivers.
concentrations. Which of the statements given above is/are
3. Green Climate Fund has been correct?
(a) 1 only
established under it.
(b) 2 only
Which of the statements given above are (c) Both 1 and 2
correct? (d) Neither 1 nor 2

(a) 1 and 2 only


37. With reference to the Convention on
(b) 2 and 3 only
Biological Diversity, consider the following
(c) 1 and 3 only statements:
(d) 1, 2 and 3 1. It is a legally binding multilateral
environmental agreement.
2. It provides for equitable sharing of
34. Which among the following are the benefits arising from the utilization of
responsibilities of the Biodiversity traditional knowledge.
3. It recognizes the Biosphere reserves
Management committees (BMCs)?
established by the member countries.
1. Documentation of biological diversity Which of the statements given above are
2. Preservation of habitats correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
3. Approval of bio-utilization of any
(b) 2 and 3 only
biological resource (c) 1 and 3 only
Select the correct answer using the code (d) 1, 2 and 3
given below.
38. Which of the following is/are correct with
(a) 1 and 2 only
reference to the Climate Technology Centre
(b) 2 and 3 only and Network (CTCN)?
(c) 1 and 3 only 1. It is the operational arm of the United
Nations Framework Convention on
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technology
Mechanism.
35. Which of the following regions in India has 2. It promotes transfer of technologies for
the only viable population of the critically low carbon and climate resilient
development.
endangered Pygmy Hog?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) Manas National Park given below.
(b) Sundarbans National Park (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Keoladeo National Park (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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39. With reference to Salim Ali Centre for 42. Which among the following is/are
Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), notRamsar site of International Importance?
consider the following statements: 1. Dal lake
1. It is a Center of Excellence under the 2. Kolleru lake
Ministry of Environment, Forest and 3. PangongTso
Climate Change. 4. Chandratal lake
2. It strives to conserve birds through Select the correct answer using the code
action based research, education and given below.
public awareness. (a) 1 only
3. It is located in New Delhi, India. (b) 2 and 3 only
Which of the statements given above is/are (c) 2 and 4 only
correct? (d) 1 and 3 only
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only 43. With reference to the Montreux Record,
(c) 2 and 3 only consider the following statements:
(d) 1, 2 and 3 1. It is a register of wetland sites where
changes in ecological character have
occurred, are occurring or are likely to
40. In the context of Mission Antyodaya, which
occur as a result of human intervention.
of the following statements are correct?
2. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar
1. Its objective is to make 50,000 gram
List.
Panchayats poverty free by 2019.
3. No wetlands in India are included in the
2. It involves ranking of gram panchayats
Record.
based on their human development,
Which of the statements given above is/are
physical and economic indicators.
correct?
3. The Department of Rural Development
(a) 1 and 2 only
will be the nodal agency for its (b) 2 only
implementation. (c) 1 and 3 only
Select the correct answer using the code (d) 2 and 3 only
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
44. With reference to Biodesignprogramme,
(b) 2 and 3 only
consider the following statements :
(c) 1, 2 and 3
1. It aims to design fourth generation
(d) 1 and 3 only
biofuels using micro-organisms.
2. It is under the administrative control of
41. Which of the following statements is/are Department of Biotechnology.
correct regarding the 'Sea Turtle Which of the statements given above is/are
Conservation Project' of Ministry of correct?
Environment, Forest and Climate Change? (a) 1 only
1. It is being implemented in collaboration (b) 2 only
with United Nations Environment (c) Both 1 and 2
Programme (UNEP). (d) Neither 1 nor 2
2. It covers only the coast of Odisha and
Andhra Pradesh. 45. If you want to see the Sangai deer in its
Select the correct answer using the code natural habitat, which of the following is the
given below. best place to visit?
(a) 1 only (a) Pulicat Lake
(b) 2 only (b) Loktak lake
(c) Both 1 and 2 (c) DeeporBeel
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (d) Chilika Lake
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46. With regard to the Ecosystem Service 49. Which of the following do not require an
Improvement Project (ESIP), consider the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) or
following statements: Environmental Clearance (EC)?
1. Its objective is to enhance forest 1. Projects proposed before the EIA Act,
2006
ecosystem services and improve the
2. Projects generating electricity below
livelihoods of forest dependent
25MW
communities in Central Indian
3. Removal of sand deposits on agricultural
Highlands. field after flood by farmers.
2. It is implemented under the National Select the correct answer using the code
Mission for Green India. given below.
3. It is entirely financed by the World (a) 1, 2 and 3
Bank. (b) 1 and 2 only
Which of the statements given above is/are (c) 2 and 3 only
correct? (d) 1 and 3 only

(a) 1 and 2 only


50. Which of the following is most appropriate
(b) 2 only
with respect to PradhanMantriMahila Shakti
(c) 1 and 3 only
Kendra (PMMSK)?
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(a) It aims to provide an interface for rural
women to approach the government for
47. Which of the following Protected Areas in availing their entitlements.
India are recognized by UNESCO as World (b) Its main aim is to provide security to
Heritage Sites? those vulnerable women affected by
1. Valley of Flower National Park domestic violence.
2. Dachingam National Park (c) It primarily envisages the creation of
3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuay women-led SHGs for their economic
development.
4. Kaziranga National Park
(d) It focuses specifically on promoting
Select the correct answer using the code
greater participation of women-voters in
given below.
the Panchayatelections .
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 1 and 4 only 51. With reference to Nagar VanaUdyan Yojana,
(c) 1, 2 , 3 and 4 consider the following statements:
(d) 2 and 3 only 1. It aims to create 200 city forests across
the country.
48. Which one of the following Biosphere 2. The scheme will be implemented only in
Reserve has a climate that varies from the non-forest lands of the
tropical to subtropical, temperate and municipalities.
Which of the statements given above is/are
tundra?
correct?
(a) Dihang-Dibang
(a) 1 only
(b) Manas
(b) 2 only
(c) Similipal (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) DibruSaikhowa (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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52. With reference to the Kigali Agreement, 55. With reference to Socio Economic Caste
consider the following statements: Census (SECC), consider the following
1. It was introduced as an amendment to statements:
the Montreal Protocol. 1. It is the study of socio-economic status
2. It aims for the phase-down of of both rural and urban households.
hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). 2. It was conducted by National Sample
3. It came into force in January 2017. Survey Organisation (NSSO).
Which of the statements given above are 3. Caste census is under the administrative
correct? control of Ministry of Home Affairs.
(a) 1 and 3 only Which of the statements given above is/are
(b) 1 and 2 only correct?
(c) 2 and 3 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
53. Which of the following components are (d) 1 and 3 only
looked into during the Environment Impact
Assessment (EIA) process? 56. Consider the following pairs:
1. Estimation of quantities of air emissions
Biosphere Located in
from the proposed project.
Reserve
2. Identification of impacts due to any
1. Dibru- : Dafla hills
anticipated rise in noise levels on the
Saikhowa
surrounding environment.
2. Pachmarhi : Satpura range
3. Existing ground and surface water
3. Nokrek : Khasi hills
resources, their quality and quantity
Which of the pairs given above is/are
within the zone.
not correctly matched?
4. Impact on historical monuments and
(a) 1 and 3 only
heritage site.
(b) 1, 2 and 3
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 2 and 3 only
given below.
(d) 2 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 4 only 57. With reference to Central Pollution Control
(d) 1 and 3 only Board (CPCB), consider the following
statements:
54. 'Islamic Banking' , a term often seen in 1. It was constituted under the Water
news, refers to: (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
(a) Banks operating solely for people Act, 1974.
following Islam religion. 2. It is executing the National Air Quality
(b) Banking in accordance with Shaira- Monitoring Programme.
compliant principles. Which of the statements given above is/are
(c) Opening and running of branches in correct?
Muslim majority areas. (a) 1 only
(d) Hiring of people following Islam (b) 2 only
in banks located in muslim majority (c) Both 1 and 2
areas. (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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58. With reference to Global March for 61. With reference to the Wildlife Crime Control
Elephants and Rhinos (GMFER), recently in Bureau, consider the following statements:
the news, which of the following statements 1. It is established under the Environment
(Protection) Act, 1986.
is/are correct?
2. It collects intelligence related to
1. It is a global initiative led by WWF for
organized wildlife crime activities in
the conservation of Elephants and India.
Rhinos. 3. It advises the Government on issues
2. It seeks to curb the use of elephants in relating to wildlife crimes.
religious activities. Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 only
given below.
(b) 2 and 3 only
(a) 1 only (c) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 62. Consider the following statements regarding
Globally Important Agricultural Heritage
Systems (GIHAS):
59. With reference to Biosphere reserves in
1. It is an initiative of United Nations
India, consider the following statements:
Development Programme (UNDP).
1. They depict a symbiotic relationship 2. Its aim is to create public awareness and
between social and ecological systems. safeguard world agricultural heritage
2. All biosphere reserves in India have to sites.
be recognized under UNESCO‟s MAB 3. In India, till now no state has been
declared possessing GIHAS.
World Network.
Which of the statements given above is/are
Which of the statement given above is/are
correct?
correct? (a) 1 and 3 only
(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only (c) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) 1 and 2 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
63. Consider the following statements with
reference to the Greater Adjutant:
60. 'The National Park is located in the Nilgiri
1. It is categorized as endangered on the
hills and has tropical evergreen, montane
IUCN Red List of threatened species.
wet forests and grassland type vegetation. 2. It is endemic to the Western Ghats in
The river Kunthi passes through the park.' India.
Which among the following national parks is 3. It is a herbivorous animal.
described by the above passage? Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) Silent valley
(a) 1 only
(b) Bannerghatta
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) Periyar (c) 2 only
(d) Guindy (d) 1 and 3 only
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64. In the context of IUCN Red List of 67. Which of the following statements is/are
Threatened Species, consider the following correct about E-Bird technology project for
species: tiger conservation?
1. It evaluates the extinction risk of various
1. Under it Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
species and subspecies.
(UAVs) will be used for protection and
2. It is limited to animal species and does
conservation of tiger and its prey.
not include plant species.
Which of the statements given above is/are 2. It will be jointly implemented by
correct? National Tiger Conservation Authority
(a) 1 only and Wildlife Institute of India.
(b) 2 only Select the correct answer using the code
(c) Both 1 and 2 given below.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
65. With reference to Elephantiasis, consider the
(c) Both 1 and 2
following statements:
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
1. It is a parasitic disease which is spread
by the bite of the infected black flies and
mosquitoes. 68. Consider the following statements about
2. Recently, WHO has certified India free White Tigers:
of Elephantiasis. 1. The white color of Tiger is due to lack of
Which of the statements given above is/are melanin pigment.
correct?
2. White Tigers occur only in snow
(a) 1 only
covered areas.
(b) 2 only
3. World‟s first White Tiger Safari is
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 located in Madhya Pradesh.
Which of the statement given above is/are
66. Which of the following is correct with correct?
reference to the mandate of the National (a) 1 only
Biodiversity Authority (NBA)? (b) 1 and 3 only
(a) It advises the Central Government on (c) 2 and 3 only
matters relating to the conservation of
(d) 1, 2 and 3
biodiversity.
(b) It advises the Central Government on
69. The 'State of India's Environment Report', is
matters relating to equitable sharing of
benefits arising out of the utilization of released by:
biological resources. (a) Ministry of Environment, Forests and
(c) It advises the State Governments in the Climate change
selection of areas of biodiversity (b) United Nations Framework Convention
importance to be notified as heritage for Climate Change
sites.
(c) Centre for Science and Environment
(d) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are
(d) Forest Research Institute
correct.
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70. With reference to National Nutrition 73. With reference to the International Union
Mission, consider the following statements: For Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which
1. It targets to bring down stunting in of the following statements is/are correct?
children to 25% by 2022. 1. Both government and civil society
2. It aims to bring down anaemia among organisations are its members.
children, women and adolescent girls. 2. It publishes the 'World Conservation
3. It will be implemented only in the states Strategy' document.
with high neonatal mortality. 3. It is a specialized arm of the United
Which of the statements given above are Nations.
correct? Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 and 2 only given below.
(b) 1 and 3 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
71. The final decision of approval of a project
after Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) 74. Which among the following cities is/are
lies with the included under the UNESCO Creative
(a) Union Minister for Environment, Forests Cities Network?
and Climate Change 1. Chennai
(b) Expert Appraisal Committee 2. Jaipur
(c) District Magistrate of the area where the 3. Hyderabad
project is proposed Select the correct answer using the code
(d) Chief Secretary of the State where the given below.
project is proposed (a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
72. Which of the following is/are the main (c) 2 and 3 only
objectives of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere (d) 1, 2 and 3
programme?
1. To identify and assess the changes in the 75. With reference to the Important Bird and
biosphere resulting from human and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs), consider the
natural activities. following statements:
2. To study and compare the dynamic 1. These areas are identified by Birdlife
interrelationships between natural International.
ecosystems and socio-economic 2. All IBAs enjoy the status of protected
processes. areas under Wildlife Protection Act
3. To promote the exchange and transfer of 1972.
knowledge on environmental problems 3. IBAs are identified only for terrestrial
and solutions. and freshwater environments.
Select the correct answer using the code Which of the statement given above is/are
given below. correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
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76. With reference to Eco sensitive zone, 79. Which of the following statements are
consider the following statements: correct with reference to „Forest-PLUS‟?
1. It is the buffer area around the National 1. It aims to develop solutions for
parks and Wildlife sanctuaries. sustainable forest land use in India.
2. It is declared under Environment 2. It strengthens capacity for REDD+
(Protection) Act of 1986. (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation
3. There is complete prohibition of any and Forest Degradation) implementation
activity in the eco sensitive zone. in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are 3. It is a bilateral program between India
correct? and the U.S.
(a) 1 only Select the correct answer using the code
(b) 2 and 3 only given below.
(c) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
77. Species diversity increases as we move from (d) 1, 2 and 3
1. low to high latitudes
2. high to low altitudes 80. With reference to the Bonn Challenge,
Select the correct answer using the code consider the following statements:
given below. 1. It is a global effort to restore world's
(a) 1 only deforested and degraded land.
(b) 2 only 2. India is party to the Bonn Challenge.
(c) Both 1 and 2 Which of the statements given above is/are
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 correct?
(a) 1 only
78. Which of the following are the challenges (b) 2 only
faced by government in management of (c) Both 1 and 2
protected areas? (d) Neither 1 nor 2
1. Habitat Fragmentation
2. Overuse of biomass resources. 81. With reference to wildlife conservation,

3. Increasing human-wildlife conflicts. Project MIKE is related to

4. Livelihood dependence on forests. (a) Promoting the captive breeding of Great

Select the correct answer using the code Indian Bustard.

given below. (b) Tracking the illegal killing of elephants.

(a) 1 and 3 only (c) prevention of illegal trading of Red

(b) 2 and 4 only panda.

(c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) conservation of snow leopard in

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Himalayas.


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82. With reference to the Global Tiger Forum 85. Which of the following is/are criteria for a
(GTF), consider the following statements: region to be recognized as a biodiversity
1. It is an inter-governmental international
body to protect the Tiger. hotspot?
2. It aims to provide financial and 1. It must have at least 1,500 vascular
infrastructural capabilities for Tiger plants as endemics.
Conservation.
3. The Secretariat of GTF is located in 2. It must have lost at least 70 percent of its
India. original natural vegetation.
Which of the statements given above are
Select the correct answer using the code
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only given below.
(b) 1 and 3 only (a) 1 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) Both 1 and 2
83. With reference to Great Indian Bustard, (d) Neither 1 nor 2
consider the following statements:
1. It is classified as critically endangered
86. Talanoa Dialogue, recently seen in the news,
by IUCN.
2. It is the state bird of Rajasthan. is associated with which of the following?
3. Their numbers are decreasing due to (a) Climate change negotiations
poaching and loss of habitat.
(b) WTO dispute settlement mechanism
Which of the statements given above are
correct? (c) Counter terrorism cooperation
(a) 1 and 2 only (d) Disarmament talks
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 87. With reference to Sacred Groves in India,
consider the following statements:
84. Which of the following are correct with 1. It is an in-situ method of biodiversity
reference to the Biodiversity Finance
conservation.
Initiative (BIOFIN)?
1. It is a joint initiative of International 2. They are notified by the state
Union for Conservation of Nature government under Biological Diversity
(IUCN) and World Wide Fund for
Act, 2002.
Nature (WWF).
2. It aims to develop new approach and 3. Animal hunting in Sacred Groves is
methodology to fill the financing gap for completely prohibited under Wildlife
biodiversity.
Protection Act 1972.
3. BIOFIN in India is led by the Ministry
of Environment, Forest and Climate Which of the statement given above is/are
Change. correct?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 only
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
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88. With reference to Climate Action Network, 91. With reference to Pet coke, which of the
which of the following statements is/are following statements is/are correct?
correct?
1. It is a solid carbon rich material derived
1. It is a worldwide network of Non-
Governmental Organizations. from oil refining.
2. It aims to promote both government and 2. It is a cleaner alternative to coal and
individual action to limit human-induced emits 30% less greenhouse gases than
climate change. coal.
Select the correct answer using the code
given below. Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 only given below.
(b) 2 only (a) 1 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (b) 2 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
89. With reference to Energy Dense Nutritious
Food (EDNF), consider the following
statements: 92. Which among the following is/are the part of
1. It is a medical intervention to improve Harmonized list of Infrastructure sub-
the nutrition intake of children suffering
sectors?
from Malnutrition.
2. Recently Government gave approval for 1. Electricity Generation
its sale in India. 2. Logistics
3. It is given to children aged between 6 3. Solid Waste management
months and 6 years. Select the correct answer using the code
Which of the statements given above are
given below.
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

90. Consider the following pairs:


Types of Measurement 93. With reference to Faster Adoption and
biodiversity Manufacturing of Hybrid and electric
1. Alpha : Species richness vehicles (FAME)- India scheme, consider
diversity in a particular the following statements:
ecosystem 1. It was launched as part of the National

2. Beta : Total biodiversity Mission for Electric Mobility to boost


diversity within an entire eco-friendly vehicles sales in the country
region 2. The Ministry of New and Renewable
3. Gamma : Change in amount Energy is the nodal agency for the
diversity of species
scheme
between the
ecosystems. Which of the statements given above is/are
Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?
correctly matched? (a) 1 only
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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94. With reference to Bioprospecting, consider 97. With reference to the South Asia Co-
the following statements: operative Environment Programme
1. It entails the search for economically
(SACEP), consider the following statements:
valuable genetic and biochemical
1. It is a regional arm of the United Nations
resources from nature.
Environment Programme (UNEP).
2. It is used for developing new products
in pharmaceutical industries only. 2. It aims to promote regional co-operation

Which of the statements given above is/are in South Asia in the field of
correct? environment.
(a) 1 only 3. The SACEP Secretariat is located in
(b) 2 only
India.
(c) Both 1 and 2
Which of the statements given above is/are
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
correct?

95. Recently, Geographical Indication (GI) (a) 1 and 2 only


registry of India granted GI tag to: (b) 3 only
1. Stone sculptures of Mamallapuram (c) 1 and 3 only
2. Etikoppaka toys
(d) 2 only
3. Banglarrosogulla
Select the correct answer using the code
98. With reference to Islamic Military Alliance
given below.
to Fight Terrorism, consider the following
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only statements:

(c) 1 and 3 only 1. It has been established under the aegis of


(d) 1, 2 and 3 the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

2. It will serve as an inter-governmental


96. Recently in news over water sharing dispute,
counter-terrorism alliance against spread
this river rises in the Bhimgad Wildlife
of ISIS in the region.
Sanctuary in the Western Ghats, flows in a
general westerly direction. It passes through 3. All the west asian countries are part of
Mollem National Park before emptying itself the group.
into the Arabian Sea at Panaji. Which of the statements given above is/are
The above passage refers to which of the
correct?
following rivers?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) Mandovi River
(b) 2 only
(b) Narmada River
(c) Malprabha River (c) 1 and 3 only

(d) Sharavati River (d) 1, 2 and 3


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99. Consider the following statements about
Great Indian Hornbill:
1. It has been listed as “critically
endangered” by the International Union
for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
2. It is a long distance migratory birds.
3. It is the State bird of Kerala.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

100. With regard to 'Hope Spots', consider the


following statements:
1. These are special places that are critical
to the health of the ocean.
2. They are declared by International
Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN).
3. The Indian Ocean region has no hope
spots till now.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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