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Evolution Series

User Manual
Part: Operation
B4065 Rev. L

This manual is the property of Nera Networks AS. No parts of the manual may be copied, rewritten or distributed to third parties without the written permission from Nera
Networks AS.

For best readability, a screen resolution of at least 1280 by 1024 pixels is recommended.

In addition to the WEB edition, the manual is available in PDF format (suitable for print-out).
If you don't have Adobe® Acrobat Reader® installed on your computer, you can download it below.

Download Adobe® Acrobat Reader®

The manual is divided in 5 main parts:

General This part gives a general overview of the Evolution Series equipment

Installation Gives the details on how to install the equipment

Operation Describes how to operate the system with emphasis on the Evolution Series Manager

Maintenance Gives details on maintenance of the equipment

Appendices A collection of frequency plans, alarm lists, technical specifications etc.


Table of Contents

General

Installation

Operation
Evolution Manager
General Description
Graphical User Interface
Clearing of browser file cache

Configuration
Unit Housekeeping
Frequency setting
IP setting
DCC setting
Backup
Password change
Add new user

Feature Description
using Universal IFU
Menu Details
Configuration
Housekeeping
RPS
Frequency
Backup
Software
Element
Routing
Network
OH Channels
Unit Configuration
SU Config.
RIU Config.
FAN Config.
LIU STM-1/STS-3 Config.
LIU Optical Config.
LIU 12xE1 Config.
LIU 25xE1 Config.
LIU 8xT1 Config.
LIU 16xT1 Config.
LIU 3xDS3/E3 Config.
Gigabit Eth Config.
DXC Config.
EOW Config.
64kb/s Config.
Alm & Ctrl Config.
E1/T1 Wayside Config.
IFU Basic Frame
Transceiver
Fault
Active
All
Event Log
Performance
Registers
Cumulative
Threshold
Analog
Security

Feature Description
using Access IFU
Menu Details
Configuration
Housekeeping
RPS
Frequency
Backup
Software
Element
Routing
Network
Unit Configuration
RIU Config.
FAN Config.
E1/T1 Line Intfc Config.
Ethernet Config.
64kb/s Ser. Ch. Config.
IFU Basic Frame
Transceiver
Fault
Active
All
Event Log
Performance
Registers
Cumulative
Threshold
Analog
Security
Maintenance

Appendices

Click on the to expand


the menu

Home
Evolution Manager
General Description
The Evolution Manager is a web interface of the Network Element. It is used for configuration, testing and monitoring of the Network Element. The Evolution Manager can be accessed from
a web browser, or by means of a network element management system, such as “NetMaster”.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A schematic view of the GUI is shown in the figure below:

The Evolution Manager has two main navigation elements, the top menu and the equipment view. The content frame will display information as a result of the selections in both menus. This
allows for filtering the information in the content frame, by selecting a specific unit in the equipment view. The Evolution Manager has two navigation modes:

“Network Element”:
When no units are selected in the equipment view, selections in the top menu will cause information relevant to the Network Element as a whole to be displayed in the content frame. The
navigation status will read “Network Element”, and the Evolution Manager is said to be in “Network Element” mode.

“Individual Unit”:
In contrast, when a specific unit has been selected in the equipment view, selections in the top menu will cause information only relevant to the selected unit to be displayed in the content
frame. This mode is called “Individual Unit” mode, and the navigation status will reflect this by displaying the name of the selected unit.

In order to break out of “Individual Unit” mode, the “Home” menu option must be selected from the top menu. This brings the Evolution Manager back to “Network Element” mode, and this
will be reflected in the navigation status.
Clearing of browser file cache
When new software is downloaded and activated this warning is displayed in the upper right corner of the screen:

Depending on the actual browser the following procedures must be performed to ensure that the right picture is displayed on the graphical user interface:

Internet Explorer 6 (IE6)

Internet Explorer 7 (IE7)

Internet Explorer 8 (IE8)

Firefox 2
Internet Explorer 6
Select "Tools" → "Internet Options..." from the Toolbar.
Push the "Delete Files..." button.

Push the "OK" button.


This process may take some time depending on the number of temporary files to be deleted.

Push the "OK" button.

Select "View" → "Refresh" from the Toolbar, or push the "F5" button on the keyboard.
Return
Internet Explorer 7
Select "Tools" → "Internet Options..." from the Toolbar.

Push the "Delete..." button.


Push the "Delete files..." button.

Push the "Yes" button.


This process may take some time depending on the number of temporary files to be deleted.

Push the "Close" button.


Push the "OK" button.

Select "View" → "Refresh" from the Toolbar, or push the "F5" button on the keyboard.

Return
Internet Explorer 8
Select "Tools" → "Internet Options..." from the Toolbar.

Push the "Delete..." button.


Select the "Temporary Internet files" check box and Push the "Delete" button.
This process may take some time depending on the number of temporary files to be deleted.

Push the "OK" button.


Select "V iew" → "Refresh" from the Toolbar, or push the "F5" button on the keyboard.

Return
Firefox 2
Select "Tools" → "Clear Private Data..." from the Toolbar.

Select the "Cache" check box and push the "Clear Private Data Now" button.

Select "View" → "Reload" from the Toolbar, or push "Ctrl+R" on the keyboard.

Return
Configuration
Unit Housekeeping
Whenever changes to the hardware configuration is to be made, the Unit Housekeeping wizard must be run. (E.g. new Interface Units, or a plug-in unit is placed in a new slot in the IFU) .

To start the Unit Housekeeping Wizard; Click on Configuration and then Housekeeping. By clicking the same sequence on the figure below, a Unit Housekeeping tutorial will start.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 1 - Station Configuration METRO

1. Type Station Name and Terminal Name

2. Select the System Type. The System Type is


determined by the license documents.
Select "METRO", "IP" or "XPAND" in this tutorial to
explore the different Housekeeping paths

3. Select Transmission Standard


Options; ETSI or ANSI

4. Select the number of Antenna


Directions

5. Click Next to proceed

Click on the "Next" or "Previous" etc. buttons to navigate in the Housekeeping wizard tutorial.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 2 - Antenna Configuration METRO

1. Type the Direction Name. Note! If there are


more than one Antenna direction, the
configuration on this page must be performed
for each direction, by clicking "Next"

2. Select the desired


type of Radio
Protection

3. Select Number of
Regular channels

4. Click Next to
proceed or Previous
to go back to
previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 3 - IFU Frame Configuration METRO

1. Select the number of IFUs on the Network Element

2. Check this box if a Direct Cross Connect Unit or


Frame shall be used.

3. Check this box to enable Ethernet mapping.

4. When the XPIC checkbox is checked, the radios


connected to the current IFU Frame are
configured in XPIC mode.
5. Click Next to proceed
or Previous to go back
to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 4 - Interface Configuration METRO

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Interface Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go back
to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 5 - Routing Configuration METRO

Each LIU and RIU must be routed.


Select the first LIU from the routing list and
Push the "Connect To" button.
Select the target RIU from the list.
Repeat the procedure for all units in the list.

The figure shows the number of


possible LIU-RIU connections
between the IFU Frames

Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go back
to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 6 - Auxiliary Interface Configuration METRO

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Auxiliary Interface
Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click Previous to go back or Finish to


exit the Housekeeping wizard
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 1 - Station Configuration IP

1. Type Station Name and Terminal Name

2. Select the System Type. The System Type is


determined by the license documents.
Select "METRO", "IP" or "XPAND" in this tutorial to
explore the different Housekeeping paths

3. Select Transmission Standard


Options; ETSI or ANSI

4. Select the number of Antenna


Directions

5. Click Next to proceed

Click on the "Next" or "Previous" etc. buttons to navigate in the Housekeeping wizard tutorial.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 2 - Antenna Configuration IP

1. Type the Direction Name. Note! If there are


more than one Antenna direction, the
configuration on this page must be performed
for each direction, by clicking "Next"

2. Select the desired


type of Radio
Protection

3. Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go
back to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 3 - IFU Frame Configuration IP

Click Next to proceed or


Previous to go back to
previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 4 - Routing Configuration IP

The SU must be connected to the RIU in the


Routing table.
If the routing is not preset, this can be done
manually:
Select the SU from the routing list.
Push the "Connect To" button.
Select the target RIU from the list.

Click Next to proceed or


Previous to go back to
previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 5 - Auxiliary Interface Configuration IP

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Auxiliary Interface
Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click Previous to go back or


Finish to exit the
Housekeeping wizard
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 1 - Station Configuration XPAND

1. Type Station Name and Terminal Name

2. Select the System Type. The System Type is


determined by the license documents.
Select "METRO", "IP" or "XPAND" in this tutorial to
explore the different Housekeeping paths

3. Select Transmission Standard


Options; ETSI or ANSI

4. Select the number of Antenna


Directions

5. Click Next to proceed

Click on the "Next" or "Previous" etc. buttons to navigate in the Housekeeping wizard tutorial.
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 2 - Antenna Configuration XPAND

1. Type the Direction Name. Note! If there are


more than one Antenna direction, the
configuration on this page must be performed
for each direction, by clicking "Next"

2. Select Transmission
Capacity according to
license

3. Select the desired


type of Radio
Protection

4. Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go
back to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 3 - IFU Frame Configuration XPAND

1. Select the number of IFUs and Subrack type on the


Network Element

2. Check this box to enable Ethernet mapped in E1


(ETSI) or T1 (ANSI). ETH2 port on the SU is the
interface for Ethernet traffic. (ETSI is shown in
this example)

3. When the XPIC checkbox is checked, the radios


connected to the current IFU Frame are
configured in XPIC mode.

4. Click Next to proceed


or Previous to go
back to previous page
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 4 - Interface Configuration XPAND

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Interface Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and click
the "Remove" button.

4. Click OK to accept or
Cancel to leave the current
page without changes
Housekeeping Wizard
Step 5 - Auxiliary Interface Configuration XPAND

1. Click on the slot to be configured.


Configurable slots in blue frames.

2. Select an Interface Unit from the List

Click on the "Add To List" button and


the configured slot will appear in the
list of Configured Auxiliary Interface
Slots.

3. To reconfigure a slot; check


the actual checkbox and
click the "Remove" button.

4. Click Previous to go back to


the Interface Configuration
page or Finish to exit the
Housekeeping wizard
Frequency setting
To enter the frequency setting page; Click on Configuration and then Frequency. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the frequency setup page description.

1. Select correct frequency plan


from the list. All available
frequency plans will be listed.
Note! This action can not be
performed if the radio is
disconnected from the IFU.
"Manual Channel Setting" can
be selected as an option.

2. Select correct bandwidth from the


list. Available options are listed.

3. Select Tx or Rx frequency from the


list (the corresponding Rx or Tx
frequency will automatically be
selected. This action must be
performed on all channels.

4. Click "Set" to accept If "Manual Channel Setting" is


the changes. selected in step 1, the Tx and Rx
frequencies can be typed in manually.

Return to Configuration main page by clicking the "Set" button.


IP setting
To enter the IP setting; Click on Configuration and then Network. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the IP confiuration page description.

Note! IP configuration can also be perforned using the SU USB interface.


Set up of IP radio port (DCC channel)
To enter the DCC configuration; Click on Configuration and then Network. Click the same sequence on the figure below to view the DCC configuration page description. For more
information see Management Traffic Routing.

1. Select the "DIR0@#"


option.
Where "#" determins the
RIU number.

2. Check the "Enable" box and


type inn the IP address.

3. Click "Set" to accept the


changes.
Backup

When the "Backup" button is pushed, a backup copy of the configuration file is stored locally on the network element. The backuped file can be restored by pushing the "Restore" button.
In addition a copy of the configuration file can be stored on your Personal computer or PC server, using the "Upload" function. This file can be restored from the "Configuration Download" file.
This file can be used if the SU or the complete IFU has been replaced. It can also be used to configure multiple IFU's with identical configuration.

Backup

Click the "Backup" button to


start the backup.
Upload

Push the "Upload" button and


save the "config.tar" file.

Return
Password change
To enter the Password setting; Click on Security. Click security on the figure below to view the Change Password page description.

Step1

Click on the "Change


Password" Tab.
Step2

Warning! When admin password is changed from default (admin); it is not possible for Nera Networks to revert to the old password or provide a new one.

1. Enter the current password.

2. Enter the new password.


(See details below)

3. Confirm the new password.

4. Accept the new


password by clicking
the save button.

Password Length: 8-32 characters (alphanumeric)

Possible characters: A-Z, a-z, 0-9 (case sensitive)


Add new user
To enter the Add New User page; Click on Security. Click security on the figure below to view the Add User page description.

Step1

Click "Add User" to


proceed
Step2

1. Type in the new "User


Name", "Password" and
re-type the selected
password.

(See details below)

2. Select "Privilege"
Alternatives: Passive,
Active, Master, Admin.
(See details below)

Select "Status"
3. Accept the new
Alternatives: Permanent
password by clicking
User, Temporary User.
the save button.
If Temporary User is
selected;
Select Active perriod.
Alternatives: 1 to 100 days.

User Name Length: 4-32 characters (alphanumeric)


Possible characters: A-Z, a-z, 0-9 (not case sensitive)
Password Length: 8-32 characters (alphanumeric)
Possible characters: A-Z, a-z, 0-9 (case sensitive)
Privilege;
Passive: System monitoring
Active: Communication settings and data collection
Master: All commands including software download
Admin: All commands including software download and
administration of user accounts
Feature Description Universal IFU
A wide range of configuration, tests and system monitoring can be performed by means of the Evolution Manager. The screenshots shown in this chapter and the navigation is the same as in the
Evolution Manager program, for a certain equipment configuration. The screenshots in the Evolution Manager will change dynamically with the actual equipment configuration and may differ from
this example on certain sub-menus.
Note! This is only a tutorial and no parameters can be set from this manual. The alarms and system configuration details are fictive and not related to a "live" system.

Menu Details
A brief description of the functionallity is shown when the cursor is placed over the menue items or the IFU Frame Plug-in units (including IFU Basic Frame), in the screenshot below.

Click on a menue item or IFU Plug-in unit, to get a detailed description of the specific item.
Note! The IFU Basic Frame configuration is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Configuration
In the Configuration menu the system can be configured according to user preferences and license parameters.
Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.

For configuration of Plug-in units and ODU, click on the Radio/IFU picture on the screenshot.
Note! The Mother board is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Housekeeping Wizard Step 1
The Housekeeping wizard must be run initially when the system is set up for the first time and if the hardware configuration has been changed.
Note! click the Next, Previous.. etc buttons to navigate in this tutorial.

Step 1
Type the Station and
Terminal name
Select System Type
Options:METRO", "IP"
and "XPAND"
Select Transmission
Standard
Options: "ETSI" and
"ANSI"
Choose the number of
antenna directions
Options: 1, 2, 3, 4
Click Next
Housekeeping Wizard Step 2

Step 2
Type the Antenna Direction name
Choose the Transmission capacity
Alternatives: SDH (STM-1 or 2xSTM-1)
SONET (STS-3/OC-3 or 2x STS-3/OC-3)
No Standard (NO CAPACITY)
Choose the type of Radio Protection
Select the number of Regular Channels
Select the check box "Indoor Equipment" if this is all indoor
equipment (Check this box to go to separate toturial for
Indoor equipment).
Click "Next" (Note! One config. page for each ant. dir.)
Housekeeping Wizard Step 3

Step3
Select Subrack type. If there is only one
IFU, "No rack" is selected.
Select the number of IFU Basic Frames.
Select DXC Unit or Frame if applicable.
(The DXC unit has a cross-connect
capacity of 4xVC-4/STS-3 while the DXC
Frame is used in systems requiring up
to 8xVC-4/STS-3)
Enable "Ethernet Mapped in PDH or
STM-1/STS-3" if Ethernet on the SU
Ethernet port B (ETH2) is required.
If XPIC is selected it is highly
recommended that ATPC is activated.
Click "Next"
Housekeeping Wizard Step 4

Step 4
Click on the Interface slot to configure
Select correct Interface Unit from the list
Push the "Add To List" button
Push "Next" button
Housekeeping Wizard Step 5

Step 5
Each LIU and RIU must be routed:

Select the first LIU from the routing list and


Push the "Connect To" button.
Select the target RIU from the list.
Repeat the procedure for all units in the list.
See the animation below for details.

The "Rack Connection Layout" shows the total number of LIU/RIU connections between the IFU's or IFU/DXC frame. Note that in systems with DXC frame (as shown in the example above) the total
number of DXC ports is eight, i.e. a total of eight LIU's/RIU's can be routed to the DXC frame.
Housekeeping Wizard Step 6

Step 6
Click on an AUX Interface slot

Select an AUX Interface from the list

Push "Add to List" button

Repeat for all AUX Interface slots to be equipped

Push "Finish" button


Housekeeping Wizard Step 2 (Indoor)
Indoor Equipment

Step 2
Type the Antenna Direction name
Choose the Transmission capacity
Alternatives: SDH (STM-1 or 2xSTM-1)
SONET (STS-3/OC-3 or 2x STS-3/OC-3)
No Standard (NO CAPACITY)
Choose the type of Radio Protection
Select the number of Regular Channels
(Uncheck "Indoor equipment" check box to go to separate
toturial for Split mount equipment).
Click "Next" (Note! One config. page for each ant. dir.)
Housekeeping Wizard Step 3 (Indoor)

Step 3
Select Subrack type. If there is only one IFU, "No rack" is selected. Select the number of IFU Basic Frames.
Select DXC Unit or Frame if applicable. (The DXC unit has a cross-connect capacity of 4xVC-4/STS-3 while the DXC Frame is
used in systems requiring up to 8xVC-4/STS-3)
Enable "Ethernet Mapped in PDH or STM-1/STS-3" if Ethernet on the SU Ethernet port B (ETH2) is required.
If XPIC is selected it is highly recommended that ATPC is activated.
Click "Next"
Housekeeping Wizard Step 4 (Indoor)

Step 4
In order to match the XCVR placement on the Graphical User Interface with the physical rack position, the
XCVR's can be rearranged on the Graphical User Interface, by "click and drag".
Click "Next"
Housekeeping Wizard Step 5 (Indoor)

Step 5
Click on the Interface slot to configure
Select correct Interface Unit from the list
Push the "Add To List" button
Push "Next" button
Housekeeping Wizard Step 6 (Indoor)

Step 6
Each LIU and RIU must be routed:

Select the first LIU from the routing list and


Push the "Connect To" button.
Select the target RIU from the list.
Repeat the procedure for all units in the list.
See the animation below for details.

The "Rack Connection Layout" shows the total number of LIU/RIU connections between the IFU's or IFU/DXC frame. Note that in systems with DXC frame the total number of DXC ports is eight, i.e. a
total of eight LIU's/RIU's can be routed to the DXC frame.
Housekeeping Wizard Step 7 (Indoor)

Step 7
Click on an AUX Interface slot

Select an AUX Interface from the list

Push "Add to List" button

Repeat for all AUX Interface slots to be equipped.

Push "Finish" button


Radio Protection Switching
Radio Protection Switching (RPS) operations for N+1and Hot Stand-by systems are managed by the Supervisory Unit This RPS module interacts with other system hardware resources to achieve
automatic protection switch operations based on switch criteria inputs from the individual radio channels. This module also supports manually controlled switch operations and status reporting.

Select system configuration:

1+1 systems without LPT

HSB Systems

N+1 Systems including 1+1 with LPT


RPS, 1+1 Frequency Diversity (without Low Priority Traffic (LPT))
Set up and configuration of 1+1 Freq. Div. systems. Click on the different sub pages in the screenshot below ("Switch Configuration" or "Switch Channel Status") for more information.
Switch Configuration (Freq. Div.)
1+1 FD protection switching
An automatic switch procedure is initiated on the receive side based on a set of switch criteria acquired from the hardware resources.

Aligned switching will be performed if possible.The active channel which is to be protected, is polled for data alignment status. When the data stream from the protector demodulator is aligned with the
data stream from the active channel demodulator, an errorless switchover is performed.

In case the alignment process fails, a forced switchover may be performed dependent upon active criteria and configuration settings for the RPS system (if a continuity criterion is active initially the RPS
will not check for alignment but immediately select the forced switchover option)

When the criteria for protecting the channel are no longer active the channel will be restored if the RPS is set to revertive mode.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Manual Switch Manual switch to selected channel

Auto Set to Auto switch mode

Get Get status

Pull down Menus: Switch mode Alternatives: Revertive mode


An active channel set to standby will be restored upon
deassertion of all criteria This should be the default mode of
operation.

Non-Revertive mode
An active channel set to standby will continue to be in standby
mode even if all criteria are deasserted, until another active
channel needs protection or the protecting channel becomes
Switch Limit degraded, in which case a restore operation is performed.

Alternatives: LOWRF (Low transmitter output level)


EW (Early Warning)
LBER (Low Bit Error Rate)
HBER (High Bit Error Rate)
OOS (Sync Loss)
Active RX Channel
RXINPUT (Low receiver input Level)

Alternatives: 1, P
Switch Channel Status (Freq. Div.)
Displays the Switch Channel status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


RPS, Hot Stand-by
Set up and configuration of Hot Stand-by systems. Click on the different sub pages in the screenshot below ("Switch Configuration" or "Switch Channel Status") for more information.
Switch Configuration (Hot Stby)
Hot Standby implements equipment protection for a radio hop. A protection switch section is comprised of the duplicated transmit- and receive-equipment required to serve one
antenna. This switch section is monitored and controlled by a single RPS module. The two equipment paths are identified as Ch. 1 and Ch. 2. The protection switch state is
either "Ch. 1 active" or "Ch. 2 active". Each traffic direction (transmit and receive) has its own set of switch criteria. The system may be set up as "Unidirectional" or "Bi-
directional".

Bi-directional
Bi-directional means that the switching in Tx and Rx directions will follow each other.

Uni-directional
Uni-directional means that the two traffic directions for a switching section are controlled individually and independent of each other (treated as two independent switch sections)
.

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (bidirectional)

If Tx criteria are activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly. The RPS is to protect the Rx direction for that same channel,
as long as the channel is free of errors.
If the RPS detects an Rx criterion, it shall protect the associated channel, and revert back to bidirectional mode when th Rx criterion disappears. Switch on Tx side will not
be performed.
If there are active Rx criteria on both Rx channels the most severe criterion is to be acknowledged. This means that the automatic HSB switch actually operates in
unidirectional mode as long as conflicting criteria are active. When there are no longer conflicts between Tx and Rx criteria the switch state should be changed to
bidirectional

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (unidirectional)

The RPS controls the Rx switch based on Rx criteria information as for a 1+1 FD automatic switch.
If Tx criteria is activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly.

Manual Requests
The responsibility of the manual switch function is to set the requested worker channel in standby state in both traffic directions by sending mute/unmute commands to the
tranceivers and performing an Rx switch

Hot Standby with Dual Baseband


Regarding protection on Rx side there is one exception to the description above:
If the "HSB – Dual Baseband" option for HSB systems is specified, the RPS will refrain from doing any Rx switching. In this case the external equipment (mux) will duplicate the
line traffic input onto two input ports, and the RR equipment will duplicate the RF signal onto two Rx branches (receiver-demodulator-baseband) and make both data streams
available on the two output ports. The RPS will only switch on the Tx side.

Manual Switch
Manual switch/restore requests are considered local to the station and, for a given antenna direction, involves transceiver RF switch for Tx and baseband alignment switch for
Rx. This operation is implemented as a bidirectional locked switch.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Manual Switch Switch channel

Auto Switching set to Auto


Get Get Status

Pull down Menus: Traffic direction dependency Alternatives: UNIDIR, BIDIR

Alternatives: LOWRF (Low transmitter output level)


Switch Limit EW (Early Warning)
LBER (Low Bit Error Rate)
HBER (High Bit Error Rate)
OOS (Sync Loss)
RXINPUT (Low receiver input Level)

A
Switch mode Alternatives: Revertive, Non-revertive
Switch Channel Status (Hot Stby)
Displays the current Switch Channel status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


RPS, N+1 Frequency Diversity
Set up and configuration of N+1 Systems (including 1+1 w/LPT traffic). Click on the different sub pages in the screenshot below ("Section Config", "Channel Config" or "Channel Status") for
more information.

Note! If an IFU is removed and reinserted (e.g. for maintenance reasons), the SU must be cold started afterwards to ensure that correct RPS system state is achieved.
N+1 Frequency Diversity, Section Config
N+1 FD protection switching
An automatic switch procedure is initiated on the receive side based on a set of switch criteria acquired from the hardware resources.

Aligned switching will be performed if possible.The active channel which is to be protected, is polled for data alignment status. When the data stream from the protector demodulator is aligned
with the data stream from the active channel demodulator, an errorless switchover is performed.

In case the alignment process fails, a forced switchover may be performed dependent upon active criteria and configuration settings for the RPS system (if a continuity criterion is active initially
the RPS will not check for alignment but immediately select the forced switchover option)

When the criteria for protecting the channel are no longer active the channel will be restored if the RPS is set to revertive mode.
Check Boxes: Protection Checked: N+1 Frequency Diversity protection is enabled.
Unchecked: Protection system is disabled. All channels are locked in their regular
state. No automatic or manual switch operations can be performed.

Low Priority Traffic When checked, low priority traffic is enabled on ChP. LPT traffic on ChP is only
possible if none of the regular channels are using the protection channel.

Function Buttons: Set Local RX Switch / Setting of selected parameters.


Remote TX Bridge / High
Priority Channel

Set Switch Setting Setting of Manual or Automatic switch parameters.

Get Get status


Pull down Menus: Local RXSwitch Alternatives: Revertive mode
An active channel using protection will be restored upon deassertion of
all criteria This should be the default mode of operation.

Non-Revertive mode
An active channel using protection will continue to be in protected state
even if all criteria are deasserted, until another active channel needs
protection or the protecting channel becomes degraded, in which case
a restore operation is performed.

Remote TX Bridge This property defines the state of the remote TX bridge when no regular channel is
using the protection channel. The channel bridged on TX side will achieve the same
protection switch performance as it would in a 1+1 system (shorter switch operation
time).

Mode: (always revertive and Ch. P if LPT is enabled or auto).


Revertive: When no channel requires protection the TX bridge will revert to
the channel specified by the “Revert to Ch” property (this channel’s traffic
will be duplicated on the protection channel).

Non-revertive: The regular channel which most recently has been


protected keeps its bridge on TX side (the TX bridge is left unchanged when
the channel reverts to its regular state at RX side). This enables prepared
switching of the channel most recently protected as long as no other
channel needs to be protected.

Revert to Channel In revertive mode it controls which channel to be bridged on TX side while no switch
requests exist. Unavailable in non-revertive mode.

High Priority Channel If a channel is selected as High Priority Channel it will have an associated Intrusion
Limit which defines the degradation at which this channel always is given
protection, no matter what conditions may exist on any other regular channel.

Channel: Alternatives: none, 1…N.


Intrusion limit: If the degradation level of the high priority channel exceeds this
limit it will always get protection (unless Ch. P is more degraded).
Alternatives: EW, LBER, HBER.

Switch Setting
Operation Select Manual or Auto switching

Switch Type Alternatives: Locked


All automatic switch criteria is overridden by this manual request, and
the manually switched channel will not be reverted by any event other
than a manual restore request.

Not locked
The switch operation will only be executed if no other channels are
degraded to the level defined by “Switch Limit”. If another channel’s
degradation reaches this level later, the manual operation is
suspended and the channel is restored to its regular state. The manual
request will be reactivated when no other channels are degraded to
this level.

Channel to protect Alternatives: - System with LPT: 1...N, LPT. Selecting “LPT” means: Transmit LPT
on protection as long as no regular channel degradation reaches the
level defined by “Switch Limit”.
- System without LPT: 1…N, P. Selecting “P” means: Revert a
protected channel to its regular state unless its degradation is at or
above the level defined by “Switch Limit”.
N+1 Frequency Diversity, Channel Config
This page contains RPS configuration settings for each individual regular channel.

Function Button: Set Setting of selected parameters.

Pull down Menus: Priority The switching priority of the channel (higher value means lower priority). The need for protection
takes precedence over channel priority (i.e. only when two or more channels have equal error
conditions they will be protected according to priority). A channel that has priority "Excluded" is
unprotected and will never be switched.
Switch Limit If the error conditions of a channel’s received signal gets equal to or greater than this limit, this
channel requests to use the protection channel.

Alternatives: LOWRF, EW, LBER, HBER, OOF


N+1 Frequency Diversity, Channel Status
Displays the current switch status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


N+1 Frequency Diversity, Performance

Function Buttons: Get Get performance status

Reset Reset performance status


Frequency
Note! Setting of frequency requires connection to Transceiver.

The Frequency page displays the frequency settings for all transceiver units in the same antenna direction.

To change the frequencies:


1 Select a frequency plan from the combo box. "Manual Channel Setting" can also be selected as an option.
2 Select bandwidth from the combo box.
3 Selec Branchig / Diplexer type. Note! If Diplexer is selected (ODU); the Diplexer orientation must be selected. "High diplexer orientation" means that the the radio transmits in the high passband and receives in the low passband
(The "H" on the Diplexer label points towards the top (handle side) of the XCVR).
4 For each channel, select frequencies:

4.1 Select a Tx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Rx channel will automatically be selected. Or;
4.2 Select an Rx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Tx channel will automatically be selected.
Note! If "Manual Channel Setting" is selected in step 1, the Tx and Rx frequencies have to be typed in manually.

5 Click the "Set" button to set the new frequencies


Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Advanced Channel settings for each channel can be set separately.

Pull-down menu settings Selected plan Select the correct Frequency plan

Bandwidth Select the correct Bandwidth

Selected Branching Select Diplexer (ODU) or Channel filter (Long Haul). "If Advanced settings" is
selected, filter settings for each channel can be set separately.

Select Diplexer If Diplexer is selected (Selected branching), the actual Diplexer can be selected.

Tx (MHz) Select Transmit frequency

Rx (MHz) Select Receive frequency


Backup
The Backup page is divided in 3 sub-pages: Miscellaneous, Download and Replace SU.
The Miscellaneous page contains the "Backup", "Restore" and "Upload" functions.
The Download page contains the "Download" Function.
The Replace SU page contains the "Replace SU Config Download" Function.

Description:
Backup Makes a backup file of the SU configuration and stores this locally on the Network Element.

Restore Restores the SU configuration from a backup file stored locally on the Network Element

Upload Makes a backup file of the SU configuration and stores the file on your Personal computer or PC server.

Download Downloads a backup file to the SU from your Personal computer or PC server.

Replace SU This function does the same operation as "Download". In addition a general time-limited license file is activated. This
function is used if the SU is physically replaced. The licenses available on the replaced SU will be temporarily
available for 90 days. Licenses for the new SU must be ordered from Nera and installed before the 90 days period is
out. Note that all new licenses must be installed. If the SU is reset after the permanent licenses have been installed,
the temporary licenses are lost.

Tip! It is recommended to take a backup as well as an Upload to your Personal computer or PC server, when the
system has been configured or reconfigured. This should also be done when a new SW version is installed.

Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.


Miscellanous

Function Buttons: Upload Upload the configuration from the NE to your local computer as a safety copy

Backup Make a backup file (locally on the NE) of the current configuration.

Restore Restore the configuration from a previously generated backup file


Download

Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE

Download Download the selected configuration file to the NE


Replace SU
This function is used when a faulty SU is physically replaced by a new SU. The configuration must have been uploaded from the replaced SU, using the configuration upload feature under the
Miscellaneous tab.

The configuration from the replaced SU will be downloaded to the new SU. In addition the licenses from the replaced SU will be temporary enabled for a maximum period of 90 days in addition to any
existing licenses on the new SU. These temporary licenses can be used while ordering new license keys from Nera.
Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE
Download Downloads the selected configuration file to the NE and replaces the current NE configuration file
Software
The Software page is divided in 2 sub-pages: Software Versions and Software Download. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.
SU Software Versions
When new software is downloaded to the element it will initially be set in inactive state (Active no).
Click the "Switch software" button to swap the Software Package. The system will perform a warm start when software is swapped.

Note! If only one software package is present on the Network Element, only one table will be visible in "Overview" in the screenshot above.

Function Buttons: Switch Software Swap between the two available software packages.

Reset Software Performs a warm reset of the NE software


Note! Bit error may occur when software packages are switched.

Note! It is recommended that you clear the file cache in your web browser after a software switch. The reason for this is to make sure that the browser receives the correct files.

Complete state
If all the required files are present and the checksum is OK, the software package is in Complete state.
Compatible state
Each software package contain a list of hardware compatibility requirements. This consists of a list of hardware modules with an accompanying version range. If all the detected modules in the system
are found in this list, and their versions fall within the specified ranges, the software package is compatible.
Software Download
A software release generally consists of several ".tar" files. When a new software version is downloaded to the NE, it is recommended to start with the ".tar" file with the lowest number (e.g. "SW-
EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_1.tar" and then "SW-EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_2.tar" etc). Follow the instructions on the screen.
If there is an inactive software package on the NE already, this software package will be overwritten.
Dependent on the system configuration it is not always necessary to download all ".tar" files in the actual software release. After downloading the first file, you will be prompted for the next file to
download, if required. When all required files are downloaded, the following message will be displayed:

The software was downloaded successfully and is now in complete state.

The downloaded software is still inactive. Activation of new software is performed from the "Software Versions" page.
Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for "Tar" files to download to the NE

Download Downloads the selected "Tar" file and builds software hierarchy on the NE
Element
The Element page is divided in 6 sub-pages: Licenses, Time and SNTP, SNMP, Web and Unconfigured Boards. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.
User Configured Routes
A list of any LIU - RIU connections on the current Network Element.
Licenses
A traffic license may be required to enable traffic on the equipment.
A Network Element can have several licenses installed, enabling different functions, such as transmission capacity, ethernet traffic and ethernet wayside traffic.
For transmission capacities below 50 Mb/s, no license is required.
The License Key is a 40 character alpha numeric string.

Available license types:


EVLIC-300M 300 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-150M 150 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-125M 125 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-100M 100 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-80M 80 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-50M 50 Mbit/s transmission capacity, per ODU

EVLIC-ETHERMAP Fast Ethernet traffic via SU port.

EVLIC-XPIC XPIC license is required to enable XPIC filtering


when two ODUs are operating in Co-channel
Mode. One license pr. ODU pair.
Input field: License Key Type in the License Key

Function Button: Apply Apply License Key


Time and SNTP
A real-time clock is used by the NE to set timestamps on alarm and security events. This clock is also used for managing the collection and calculation of performance measurements.

The system also provides SNTP functionality for syncronization of all clocks in the network. This function requires an SNTP server, either locally or on the internet (requires internet connection).

This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP not selected.

Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP Configuration Set Click this button when the SNTP button has been unchecked, for returning to
"Manual time setting"
Manual time setting Set Set time

Synchronize with computer Set Synchronizes the NE time setting with the local computer clock

Check Box: SNTP enabled Open SNTP setup

Pull down Menus: Manual Time Setting Date: yyyy-mm-dd


Time: hh:mm:ss

This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP selected.
Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP ConfigurationSet Setting of SNTP parameters

Check Box: SNTP enabled Enables SNTP when the "Set" button is pushed. The SNTP server's IP address
must be entered

Input Field: SNTP Server's IP-address Input the IP address to the SNTP server

Pull down Menus: Threshold-level for stratum alarm The stratum level indicates the accuracy of the SNTP server clock. Highest
accuracy is level 1.
Alternatives: 1 to 15. Default value 2.

Tip! If stratum alarm occurs frequently, the threshold-level should be set


to lower accuracy (higher number). This will not influence the equipment
performance.

Poll Interval (seconds) Determins the intervals between each clock update.
Alternatives: 64 to 1024.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an application layer protocol that facilitates the exchange of management information between network devices. SNMP enables network
administrators to manage network performance and find and solve network problems.
SNMP is a simple request/response protocol. The network-management system issues a request, and managed devices return responses.

Definitions
Community Strings
Private Assigns a password for read only queries

Public Assigns a password for read/write queries

SNMP Traps
IP Address The IP address to the SNMP server

Trap Community String Either the Private or Public Community String Password

Trap Port The port number to send the SNMP trap to


Function Buttons: Set Set Community Strings

Add Add Trap

Edit Edit Trap

Remove Remove Trap


WEB

Function Button: Set Accept the changes

Check Boxes: Global Polling System wide status poll. Enable/Disable background status polling for all web pages
containing status information. You have the opportunity to override this setting. The
overridden setting will only occur in the page where you override the settings and only
last as long as the page is active. Default : OFF

Alarm Polling System wide alarm poll setting. Will display the highest alarm severity in the system,
on the bottom of the page. Default: OFF

Housekeeping Polling System wide configuration polling. Will give notification if the system configuration
has been changed. Default: OFF

Note! Poll settings are not persistent across sessions, i.e. when the browser window is closed the poll settings will go back to their defaults.
Unconfigured Boards
A list of any unconfigured boards and units.
Men At Work

Function Button: RAISE/CLEAR Toggle "Men at Work" alarm in event log


Routing
The Routing page is divided in 7 sub-pages: General Settings, Active Routes, Static Routes, RIP Interfaces, OSPF Interfaces, OSPF Areas and Virtual Links. Click on the page tabs to explore
the individual functionality.
General Settings
The general settings page allows the user to control the general use of the OSPF and RIP 1 and 2 protocols for the NE. Enabling of protocols on specific interfaces are performed in the Rip Interfaces
and OSPF Interfaces property pages.
Function Button: Set Accept the changes

Check OSPF Protocol Enable Enable or disable the OSPF routing protocol
Boxes:
Redistribute Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to OSPF as
AS external routes. Enabling any of these will turn the router into an
Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR)

Rip Controls redistribution of routes from RIP to OSPF.

Static Controls redistribution of static routes to OSPF

RIP Protocol Enable Enable or disable the RIP routing protocol.

Redistribute Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to RIP.

OSPF Controls redistribution of routes from OSPF to RIP.

Static Controls redistribution of static routes to RIP.

Input Fields: OSPF Protocol Default Cost Setting of default cost value used for OSPF protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the OSPF protocol to pass the routing
information of other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the
current NE must have both protocols enabled.

RIP Protocol Default Metric Setting of default metric value used for RIP protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the RIP protocol to pass the routing
information of other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the
current NE must have both protocols enabled.

List: IP Configurable Interfaces List of interfaces available on the current NE for the OSPF and RIP
protocols (IP enabled interfaces)
Interfaces may be enabled for IP in the Communication Ports page for the
specific interface (e.g. NI interface on Metro).
Active Routes
This is a list of currently active routes in the routing table. These are the routes that IP forwarding is based on. Inactive routes are not shown.

Destination: The destination of the route.


Gateway: The gateway of the route.
Subnet mask: The subnet mask of the route.
Interface: The name of the interface associated with this route.
Protocol: The protocol that this route was learnt from.
Static Routes
Edit static routes regarding IP Routing using this page.
Function Button: Add Add a static route

Delete Delete selected static route

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Gateway interface if specified. Default “Any” interface

Metric The route metric. Possible values: 0-15

Input Fields: Destination Route destination in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The IP address must be valid for the given subnet mask.

Gateway Route gateway in “x.x.x.x” notation if needed. Note! Gateway must be present if interface is set
to “Any”.

Subnet mask Route subnet mask in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The subnet mask must be continuous.
RIP Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run RIP on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the "RIP areas" settings, the RIP protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run RIP on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running RIP

Delete Remove RIP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@#

Metric The metric associated with the interface. Possible values: 0-16

RIP Version The version of RIP to run on an interface. (RIP v. 1 or RIP v. 2). Alternatives: 1, 2
Note! When running RIP v.1 on an interface, limitations in the RIP v.1 protocol will restrict
which routes may be announced through this interface
OSPF Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run OSPF on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run OSPF on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running OSPF

Delete Remove OSFP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Id The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@#
#

Area The ID of the area associated with this interface

Input Fields: Cost The associated cost of this interface.

Transmit delay The estimated transmit delay through this interface in seconds
- Default value is 1 second.
- Possible values: 1 - 65535.

Designated Router Priority Indicates the current NE’s reliability as a designated router (DR).
Higher values = higher reliability.
- 0 = cannot be DR.
- Possible values: 0 - 255.

Retransmit Interval Possible values: 1 - 65535.

Hello Interval The interval between OSPF hello packets on this interface.

Router Dead Interval The time before declaring a link down in the absence of hello packets.
OSPF Areas
This configures OSPF areas for this router.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Buttons
OSPF Areas: Add Add an OSPF area
Edit Change configuration for an OSPF area
Delete Remove OSFP area configuration

Networks Add Add Network

Add/Edit OSPF area Set Apply the setting


Cancel Discard changes

Add Networks Set Apply the setting


Cancel Discard changes

Input Fields: Area Id The ID of the area. Either in “x.x.x.x” notation or plain number

Stub Area Configures this area as “stub area”

Default Cost Sets the default cost for this area. Possible values: 0-65535
Virtual Links
This configures OSPF virtual links for this router.
Function Buttons: Add Add a OSPF virtual link

Delete Remove OSFP virtual link configuration

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Transit area The ID of the area to use as transit area for the link

State Not in use

Input Field: Router Id The ID of the backbone router on the other end of the link
Network
Setting of Interface IP address
Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Menu choises eth0 Setting of IP address for Network Element

EOW0@17 Setting of IP address for HDLC channel on Engineering Orderwire AUX Unit number one
in IFU frame 1, slot 7.

S64KB0@18 Setting of IP address for HDLC channel on 4x64kb/s AUX Unit number one in IFU frame
1, slot 8.

DIR0@1 Setting of IP address for DCC channel.


The DCC channel has a capacity of 256kb/s and is used for communication betwwen
elements over the radio hop.
OH Channels
Enabling of cross connection for through connection of SOH/TOH bytes. A total of 4 connections can be made. One on each sub-page (OH X-Connect1-4).
Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality..
OH Status
This page gives an overview of the OH (OverHead) status. Both SOH/TOH bytes and NOH channels are listed.

Function Button: Apply Filter Filter list according to selections.

Pull Down Menus Physical Position Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Position Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Overhead SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) or NOH channels


OH X-Connect1
Enabling of cross connection for through connection of SOH/TOH bytes.
A total of 4 connections can be made. One on each sub-page (OH X-Connect1-4).
The "Enable" check Box must be checked.
Procedure:

Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 1". The SOH/TOH table appears.
Select desired byte to trough connect from the actual antenna direction/traffic channel.
Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 2". The SOH/TOH table for Connection 2 appears.
Select the desired byte in the actual antenna direction/traffic channel for the connection.
Push the "Set" button.

In addition to single bytes, Bytes D1 to D3 can be selected.


To disable the actual X-connection, uncheck the "Enable" check box.
Check Box: Enable Enables cross connection

Function Button: Get Overhead Displays the SOH/TOH table

Set Setting of X-connection

Pull Down Menus Direction Select the Antenna Direction

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel


OH X-Connect2
Enabling of cross connection for through connection of SOH/TOH bytes.
A total of 4 connections can be made. One on each sub-page (OH X-Connect1-4).
The "Enable" check Box must be checked.
Procedure:

Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 1". The SOH/TOH table appears.
Select desired byte to trough connect from the actual antenna direction/traffic channel.
Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 2". The SOH/TOH table for Connection 2 appears.
Select the desired byte in the actual antenna direction/traffic channel for the connection.
Push the "Set" button.

In addition to single bytes, Bytes D1 to D3 can be selected.


To disable the actual X-connection, uncheck the "Enable" check box.
Check Box: Enable Enables cross connection

Function Button: Get Overhead Displays the SOH/TOH table

Set Setting of X-connection

Pull Down Menus Direction Select the Antenna Direction

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel


OH X-Connect3
Enabling of cross connection for through connection of SOH/TOH bytes.
A total of 4 connections can be made. One on each sub-page (OH X-Connect1-4).
The "Enable" check Box must be checked.
Procedure:

Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 1". The SOH/TOH table appears.
Select desired byte to trough connect from the actual antenna direction/traffic channel.
Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 2". The SOH/TOH table for Connection 2 appears.
Select the desired byte in the actual antenna direction/traffic channel for the connection.
Push the "Set" button.

In addition to single bytes, Bytes D1 to D3 can be selected.


To disable the actual X-connection, uncheck the "Enable" check box.
Check Box: Enable Enables cross connection

Function Button: Get Overhead Displays the SOH/TOH table

Set Setting of X-connection

Pull Down Menus Direction Select the Antenna Direction

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel


OH X-Connect4
Enabling of cross connection for through connection of SOH/TOH bytes.
A total of 4 connections can be made. One on each sub-page (OH X-Connect1-4).
The "Enable" check Box must be checked.
Procedure:

Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 1". The SOH/TOH table appears.
Select desired byte to trough connect from the actual antenna direction/traffic channel.
Push the "Set Overhead" button for "End Point 2". The SOH/TOH table for Connection 2 appears.
Select the desired byte in the actual antenna direction/traffic channel for the connection.
Push the "Set" button.

In addition to single bytes, Bytes D1 to D3 can be selected.


To disable the actual X-connection, uncheck the "Enable" check box.
Check Box: Enable Enables cross connection

Function Button: Get Overhead Displays the SOH/TOH table

Set Setting of X-connection

Pull Down Menus Direction Select the Antenna Direction

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel


SU
Set up and configuration of the Radio Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the SU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the SU Unit are displayed.

Note! Dependent on the system configuration, different sub pages are visible.

When the system is configured as Metro (See Housekeeping), the sub pages "Inventory" and "Wayside" are visible. In addition the sub pages; "Ethernet", "GFP"
and "Looping" are visible when wayside is enabled.

When the System is configured as IP (See Housekeeping), "Inventory", "Ethernet", "GFP", "POH", "Looping" and "PRBS" sub pages are visible.

When the System is configured as XPAND (See Housekeeping), and "Ethernet mapped in E1 (T1)" is enabled, the sub pages "Inventory", "Ethernet", "GFP" and
"Looping" are visible.
Metro
SU, Inventory
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
SU, Wayside
2Mb/s Ethernet Wayside traffic can be inserted in dedicated Section Overhead bytes.

Note! If one or more of the bytes used for wayside traffic (yellow) are already assigned for 64kb/s channels (Engineering Orderwire or 4x64kb/s AUX Units), 2Mb/s Ethernet traffic can not be
enabled. In this case the 64kb/s channels must be reassigned to bytes not used for wayside traffic. See Engineering Orderwire Unit and 4x64kb/s Unit setup. The bytes may also be used by the
auxiliary E1/T1 Wayside Unit.
Check Box 2Mb/s Ethernet Enable Check this box to enable 2Mb/s wayside

Function Buttons: Set Set the selected configuration

Pull Down Menus: Direction Antenna direction (name)

Main traffic channel Select Main traffic channel number


SU, Ethernet
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).

Note! "Ethernet Mapped in STM-1/STS-3" must be enabled in the Housekeeping Wizard.

Note! A traffic license is required to enable Ethernet traffic on the SU.


Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Switch enabled With this box checked, a layer-2 switch is activated, enabling MAC Switching and
“In-band management”. In this mode, both ETH1 and ETH2 can be used for
ethernet traffic incl. management traffic.

Enable ETH1 Link Loss alarm With this box checked, Link Loss alarm will be activated if Link Loss on ETH1
occurs.

Enable ETH2 Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.


Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.
See description below

Pull Down Menus: Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet tr


Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)
With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in
question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.

Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling


Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling
SU, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
IP
SU, Inventory
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Note! A traffic license is required to enable Ethernet traffic on the SU.


SU, Ethernet
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Switch enabled With this box checked, a layer-2 switch is activated, enabling MAC Switching and
“In-band management”. In this mode, both ETH1 and ETH2 can be used for
ethernet traffic incl. management traffic.

Enable ETH1 Link Loss alarm With this box checked, Link Loss alarm will be activated if Link Loss on ETH1
occurs.

Enable ETH2 Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.


Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.
See description below

Pull Down Menus: Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet traffic.


Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)
With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in
question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.

Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling


Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling
SU, POH
Path Overhead (POH)

Function Buttons: Get Get POH status

Start Polling Start POH status Polling

Stop Polling Stop POH status Polling


SU, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
SU, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the SU.
The SU contains one Generator and one Checker.
The black arrow in the diagram indicates the Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be interrupted.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Checker Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


XPAND
SU, Inventory
List of SU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
SU, Ethernet
The Ethernet port (ETH2), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).

Note! "Ethernet Mapped in PDH" must be enabled in the Housekeeping Wizard.

Note! Set up of the Ethernet connections must be performed from the "IFU Basic Frame, Cross Connect" page.

Note! A traffic license is required to enable Ethernet traffic on the SU.


Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Switch enabled With this box checked, a layer-2 switch is activated, enabling MAC Switching and
“In-band management”. In this mode, both ETH1 and ETH2 can be used for
ethernet traffic incl. management traffic.

Enable ETH1 Link Loss alarm With this box checked, Link Loss alarm will be activated if Link Loss on ETH1
occurs.

Enable ETH2 Enable/Disable the Ethernet Port.

Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Port.


Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.
See description below

Pull Down Menus: Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-15sec

Capacity Select the capacity to be allocated for Ethernet traffic.


Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)
With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in
question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
SU, GFP
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.

Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling


Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling
SU, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the SU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic on the SU will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
RIU
Set up and configuration of the Radio Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are displayed.
RIU, Inventory
List of RIU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
RIU, BER Threshold
Setting of thresholds for Bit Error Rate alarms
Pull Down Menus: HBER Selection of High Bit Error Rate Threshold.
Alternatives: 1.0E-3, 1.0E-4, 1.0E-5, 1.0E-6 or SES (Severely Errored Seconds)

LBER Selection of Low Bit Error Rate Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-6, 1.0E-7, 1.0E-8 or 1.0E-9

Early Warning (EW) Selection of Early Warning Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-9, 1.0E-10, 1.0E-11, 1.0E-12 or RPS optimized

Function Buttons Set Setting of Bit Error Rate Parameters

Check Box: Insert AIS on HBER Insert AIS signal if HBER occurs
RIU, Looping
One loop can be activated on the RIU.

Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this RIU will be interrupted.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
FAN
Displays the Fan status.
Fan 1 is the fan nearest to the Front Panel.
Fan 1 and 2 are used for temperature control of the Plug-in Units.
Fan 3 is used for temperature control of the Motherboard.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Fan Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Fan Unit are displayed.
Function Buttons: Get Get the current Fan status

Start Polling Starts polling the Fan status

Stop Polling Stops polling the Fan status


Plug-in Units
Available Plug-in Units:
Line Interface Unit (LIU) STM-1/STS-3
LIU Optical
LIU 3xDS3/E3
LIU 12xE1
LIU 25xE1
LIU 8xT1
LIU 16xT1
Gigabit Ethernet Unit
DXC Unit
LIU
Set up and configuration of the Line Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU, Inventory
List of LIU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU, Path Trace
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to test that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or an user defined ASCII sting in the J0 slot in the RSOH (Send). The radio that receives the signal frames must have the same Trace string
(J0) defined. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.

Check Boxes: Enable send Enable Send Trace string

Enable receive Enable Receive Trace string


Function Buttons: Set (Send) Set Path Trace signal to send

Set (Receive) Set Path Trace signal expected to receive

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start polling Status


Stop Polling Stop polling Status

Input Fields: Send Trace string User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters

Receive Expected User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters


LIU, AIS
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to verify that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH. This is done from the path trace sheet. The radio that receives the signal frames
must have the same Trace string (J0) defined in the AIS insert sheet. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded
(configured on the RIU).
Check Boxes: Insert AIS on Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) When this box is checked, an Alarm Indicating Signal is
inserted when there is a mismatch between the Path Trace
string or fixed byte sent and the expected Receive signal

Remove Delay Enabled Remove AIS delay

Pull Down Menu: AIS remove delay (in sec) Setting of AIS remove dela: 0-300 seconds

Function Button: Set Set AIS parameters


LIU, DCC
Data Communication Channels can be inserted into the SOH. Single or multiple SOH bytes (D1-D3 or D4-D12) can be selected.

Check Box: Enable Enable Data Communication Channels

Pull Down Menu: Coding Select Coding. Alternatives: NRZ, NRZI

Function Button: Set Set DCC parameters


LIU, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the LIU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on this LIU will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU.
The LIU contains one Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be
disabled.
The red arrow in the diagram indicates the Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker. The black arrow is the inactive Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this LIU will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


Line Interface Unit (LIU) Optical
Set up and configuration of the LIU Optical. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Optical highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Optical are displayed.
LIU Optical, Ports

Check Box: Enable VC-4-4c This box must be checked if the STM-4 signal is a Contiguous
Concatenated STM-4/OC-12 signal (VC-4-4c)

Function Buttons: Apply Apply enabling of VC-4-4c

Get Get Port Status


LIU Optical, Laser

Check Boxes: Enable Laser Enable Laser

Function Button: Apply Apply setting


LIU Optical, Path Trace
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to test that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or an user defined ASCII sting in the J0 slot in the RSOH (Send). The radio that receives the signal frames must have the same Trace string
(J0) defined. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.
Check Boxes: Enable Duplication (STM-4/OC-12 only) Used for protection of the SOH signal if one channel fails.

Enable send Enable Send Trace string

Enable receive Enable Receive Trace string

Function Buttons: Set (SOH Duplication) Set Enable/Disable SOH Duplication

Set (Send) Set Path Trace signal to send

Set (Receive) Set Path Trace signal expected to receive

Get Get Status


Start Polling Start polling Status
Stop Polling Stop polling Status

Input Fields: Send Trace string User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters

Receive Expected User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters


LIU Optical, AIS
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to verify that the received signal frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH. This is done from the path trace sheet. The radio that receives the signal frames
must have the same Trace string (J0) defined in the AIS insert sheet. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted (if configured). An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded
(configured on the RIU).
Check Boxes: Insert AIS on Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) When this box is checked, an Alarm Indicating Signal is
inserted when there is a mismatch between the Path Trace
string or fixed byte sent and the expected Receive signal

Remove Delay Enabled Remove AIS delay

Pull Down Menu: AIS remove delay (in sec) Setting of AIS remove dela: 0-300 seconds

Function Button: Set Set AIS parameters


LIU Optical, DCC
Data Communication Channels can be inserted into the SOH. Single or multiple SOH bytes (D1-D3 or D4-D12) can be selected.

Check Box: Enable Enable Data Communication Channels

Pull Down Menu: Coding Select Coding. Alternatives: NRZ, NRZI

Function Button: Set Set DCC parameters


LIU Optical, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the LIU (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on this LIU will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU Optical, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU.
The LIU contains one Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
The red arrow in the diagram indicates the Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker. The black arrow is the inactive Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this LIU will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the LIU.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling
Pull Down Menus: Port (STM-4/OC12 only) Select wich port to insert the PRBS signal in. (When VC-4-4c mode is enabled,
the PRBS signal is inserted in the VC-4-4c signal)

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 12xE1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 12xE1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 12xE1, Inventory
List of LIU 12xE1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 12xE1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


LIU 12xE1, Looping
24 loops can be activated on the LIU 12xE1 Unit, two for each E1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 12xE1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 12xE1 Ports.
The LIU 12xE1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow in the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 12.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 25xE1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 25xE1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 25xE1, Inventory
List of LIU 25xE1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 25xE1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


LIU 25xE1, Looping
50 loops can be activated on the LIU 25xE1 Unit, two for each E1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 25xE1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 25xE1 Ports.
The LIU 25xE1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow in the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 25.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 8xT1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 8xT1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 8xT1, Inventory
List of LIU 8xT1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 8xT1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


LIU 8xT1, Looping
16 loops can be activated on the LIU 8xT1 Unit, two for each T1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 8xT1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 8xT1 Ports.
The LIU 8xT1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow in the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 8.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 16xT1
Set up and configuration of the LIU 16xT1. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU Unit are displayed.
LIU 16xT1, Inventory
List of LIU 16xT1 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 16xT1, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.
Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


LIU 16xT1, Looping
32 loops can be activated on the LIU 16xT1 Unit, two for each T1 Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 16xT1, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 16xT1 Ports.
The LIU 16xT1 contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow in the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 16.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


LIU 3xDS3/E3
Set up and configuration of the LIU 3xDS3/E3. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the LIU 3xDS3/E3 highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the LIU 3xDS3/E3 are displayed.
LIU 3xDS3/E3, Inventory
List of LIU 3xDS3/E3 Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
LIU 3xDS3/E3, Ports
All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.

E3 (ETSI) screenshot (ETSI or ANSI configuration is selected from Housekeeping) See screenshot below for DS3 (ANSI).
DS3 (ANSI) screenshot (ETSI or ANSI configuration is selected from Housekeeping) See screenshot abow for E3 (ETSI).

Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports

Pull Down Menus: Cable Length Select "<=225 feet" or ">225 feet"

Line AIS insertion Select "Enable AIS on LOS" or "Enable AIS on LOS/OOF"
LIU 3xDS3/E3, Looping
Six different loops can be activated on the LIU (3 Near end and 3 Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
LIU 3xDS3/E3, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
The LIU 3xDS3/E3 contains two Generators and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
The red arrow in the diagram indicates the active Generator. The green arrow is the active Checker. The black arrow is the inactive Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the LIU 3xDS3/E3.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Active Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Signal pattern selection. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Port Select the port to be checked. Alternatives; 1, 2 or 3


Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit
Set up and configuration of the Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.
Note! The "LAN to WAN" page is only displayed when "LAN to Multi WAN Mode" is enabled.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Gigabit Ethernet Interface Unit highlighted, the data for this Unit are displayed.
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Inventory
List of Gigabit Ethernet Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number, Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, LAN Ports
All ports can be configured individually
Port 1 to 3 can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Port 4 can be configured as 10/100/1000 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Port 5 is intended for optical interface by means of an SFP module (1000 Base-X)
Note! Only one 1000 Mb/s port can be enabled at the time.

Port 1-4 Screenshot


Port 5 Screenshot
Function Buttons: Set Port (1-5) Set parameters for actual port

Get Get Port Status

Start Polling Start Port Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Port Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to configure. Options; 1 to 5

Speed Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex for Port 1 to 3, and in addition for Port 4; 1000 Full
Duplex. Port 5, SFP, is 1000 Base-X only.

Ingress rate Stepwise limits from 500 kb/s or Not Limited (100 Mb/s or link capacity) for Port 1 to
3. Stepwise from 500 kb/s or Not Limited (link capacity) for Port 4 and 5.
See Ethernet page; Ingress rate limiting

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable for Port 1 to 4. This is available only when the Ingress Rate is
activated. Note that Burst drop mode must be selected for proper operation. See
Ethernet page.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Automatic laser shutdown Enable/Disable Automatic laser shutdown.


(Port 5) This is a function designed for eye safety purposes, according to ITU-T rec. G.958.
When this box is checked the laser will shut down after a short period of time, if loss
of signal from far end is detected. After a waiting time period the laser will restart
automatically.

See Appendix; Gigabit Ethernet Configuration for further details.


Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)
With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in
question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Ethernet configuration
The Gigabit Ethernet Unit can be configured in three different modes:
Each LAN Port is mapped unswitched to a single WAN in one antenna
direction.

LAN to Single
WAN Mode

Each LAN port will be mapped to a given WAN (Virtual Container Group –
VCG).
Traffic may be untagged or customer tagged – VLAN transparent.
Up to four WAN ports/links can be used. WAN capacity is scalable from
2Mb/s (1.5Mb/s ANSI) to 600 Mb/s.
If DXC is used (to mix Ethernet and TDM traffic) aggregate WAN capacity
is limited to 150 Mb/s (one STM-1/OC-3).

LAN to Multi
WAN mode
In switch mode the unit has one WAN port and four LAN ports. LAN ports
will switch packets based on destination MAC address.

WAN capacity is scalable from 2Mb/s (1.5Mb/s ANSI) to 600 Mb/s.

QoS is supported on WAN port.

Switch Mode

Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Pull Down Menus: MAC address aging timeout Select MAC address aging timeout.
Options; 15 sec, 5 min or Learning off.

Ingress rate limiting Select Ingress rate limiting drop mode.


(Only FNZ5695A, see Options; Continous drop or Burst drop. Ref appendix; Gigabit Ethernet
inventory) Configuration
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Capacity
WAN status
Failed or Fully operational. If status is Failed, ref Fault Finding and Alarm Lists

Function Buttons: Set Set Mapping and Capacity

Get Get Tributary Status

Start Polling Start Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Mapping resolution ETSI alternatives: VC-4, VC-3, VC-12
ANSI alternatives: STS-3C, STS-1, VT 1.5

Max Capacity Alternatives: VC-4: 0, 1


VC-3: 0,1,2,3
VC-12: 0-63

STS-3C: 0,1
STS-1: 0,1,2,3
VT 1.5: 0-64 (0-84 in Multi WAN mode)

Check Box LCAS enabled Enabling of LCAS (Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme).
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, LAN to WAN
LAN to WAN mapping configuration.
Function Buttons: Connect WAN 1-4 Select Virtual container(s) and connect WAN (1-4) individually.

Disconnect Disconnect Selected WAN

Disconnect All Disconnect all connected WANs

SET Set selections

GET Get Status

Pull Down Menus: LAN # (1-4) Select WAN connections (WAN 1-4)
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, QoS (Quality of Service)
The QoS page is used for traffic prioritizing.

Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters


Pull Down Menus: QoS priority scheme The QoS priority scheme has 4 options: OFF, Port, VLAN, DSCP/TOS

OFF
All traffic has equal priority.

Port (Ethernet input ports)


Each port can be given priority 0-3 individually. Click the actual decimal value
in the screen and select required priority from pull down menu.

VLAN (802.1p user priority)


VLAN user priority is represented by 8 decimal values (0-7), which is mapped
into four traffic queues. Click the actual decimal value in the screen and select
required priority from pull down menu.

DSCP/TOS (IPv4/IPv6)
DSCP is represented by 64 decimal values (0-63), which is mapped into four
traffic queues. Click the actual decimal value in the screen and select required
priority from pull down menu.

QoS scheduling mode Options; Fair queueing or Strict queueing

Fair queueing
An 8, 4, 2, 1 weighting is applied to the four priorities. This approach prevents
the lower priority frames from being starved out with only a slight delay to the
higher priority frames.

Strict queueing
All top priority frames egress for a port untill that priority's queue is empty.
Then the next lower priority queue's frames egress, etc. This ensures that all
high priority frames egress as soon as possible.
Port (Ethernet input ports)
VLAN (802.1p user priority)
DSCP/TOS (IPv4/IPv6)
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Statistics
Statistics for octet packet counters, ingress (Rx value) and egress (Tx value) for ethernet ports.

Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Reset Port Reset counter on actual Port

Reset All Reset counter on all Ports

Pull Down Menus: Port Select port number to view. Options; LAN-1 to 5, WAN (1-4)
Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Charts
Graphic presentation of Ethernet statistics.

Pull Down Menu: Resolution 5sec - 60min

Function Buttons: Set Set Resolution

Get Get statistics


Gigabit Ethernet Unit, Looping
Two different loops can be activated on the Gigabit Ethernet Unit (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Gigabit Ethernet Unit will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.

Egress port swap function


Output signal to Port 1 will be swapped with Port 2 and vice versa, in order to prevent the test signal to be sent back to the transmitting port. The same applies to Port 3 and Port 4 (Port 5).
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
DXC Unit
Set up and configuration of the DXC Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the DXC Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the DXC Unit are displayed.
DXC, Inventory
List of DXC Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Digital Cross Connect (DXC)
The DXC page is divided in 5 sub-pages:

Frame Structure

Cross-Connect

Expected Signal Label

Received Signal Label

Active SNCP channel

Click on the different page symbols to explore the functionality.


Frame Structure
Each of the ports (DXC Unit; four ports - DXC Frame; eight
ports) must be configured with correct mapping structure. Only
connected DXC ports are shown. Each port can have different
mapping structure.
The following mapping structures are available:
SDH (ETSI): VC-4, VC-3 or VC-12

SONET (ANSI): STS-3, STS-1 or VT1.5

Configuration of ETSI or ANSI mode is done using the


housekeeping wizard

See animation to the right for frame structure change procedure.

Function Buttons: SET Set frame structure


Cross Connect
The X-connect functionallity allows the operator to connect two virtuals containers (VC) in different ports. The connections are identified by using the background colour of the ports together with the
KLM address of the virtual container. The background colour of a virtual container identifies the source port, while the KLM address identifies the source address.

SNCP functionality is identified with a split cell.

When configuring the cross-connection of containers two modes are available, cross-connection of two containers and cross-connection with SNCP (Path protection).

1. Cross-connection without SNCP: Select the source container by clicking inside the square for that container. Push the "Connect" button. Then select the sink container by clicking inside square
for that container. Verify the correct cross-connection before pushing the "Set" button to apply the setting to the Unit. Traffic looping of a container can be performed by selecting a container, and
then push the "Connect Loop" button and "Set" button. Disconnecting of a connection is done selecting either of the two containers in a connection and push "Disconnect" button and "Set" button.

2. Cross-connection with SNCP: Select the sink container for for the SNCP connection. Then push the "SNCP Connect" button. Select the first source container by clicking inside the square for
that container. Then select the second source container by clicking inside the square for that container. Verify the correct SNCP cross-connection before pushing the Set button, to apply the setting
to the Unit. Disconnecting of a connection is done selecting any of the three containers in a connection and push "Disconnect" button and "Set" button.

Note: The configuration is not applied to the unit before the "Set" button is pushed. Several cross-connections and SNCP connections can be configured before the Set button is pushed.
Function Buttons: Connect Connection of virtual containers

SNCP Connect SNCP connection of virtual containers

Disconnect Disconnection of virtual container connections

Connect Loop Activation of a traffic loop


Disconnect Loop Disconnection of a traffic loop
SET Set connections
Expected Signal Label
The expected signal label (C2 for VC-4, VC-3, STS-3c SPE and STS-1 SPE. V5 for VC-12 and VT1.5) is configured using this page. Select one of the DXC ports using the drop-down list. Select an individual container by clicking inside the square.
The received and configured expected signal label on the receive side for the selected container is displayed. A PLM (Payload Mismatch) alarm is generated on containers that have mismatch between received signal label and expected signal
label. Received signal label with value equals zero, generates an UNEQ (Unequipped) alarm. UNEQ and PLM alarms are only reported on connected containers. The default expected signal labels are:

SDH (ETSI) Mapping:


STM-1/AU-4/VC-4:
VC-4C2=Asynchronous 140M(12hex)

STM-1/AU-4/VC-4/TUG-3/TU-3/VC-3:
VC-4C2=TUG Structure(2)
VC-3C2= Asynchronous 34/45M(4)

STM-1/AU-4/VC-4/TUG-3/TU-12/VC-12:
VC-4C2=TUG Structure(2)
VC-12V5= Asynchronous 2M(2)

SONET (ANSI) Mapping:


OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-3c/STS-3c SPE:
STS-3c SPEC2=Asynchronous 140M(12hex)

OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-1/STS-1 SPE


STS-1 SPEC2= Asynchronous DS3(4)

OC-3 (STS-3)/STS-1/VT1.5
V1.5V5= Asynchronous DS1(2)
Function Buttons: Insert Signal Label Insert selected signal label

Set Set expected signal label

Pull Down Menus: VC4 Alternatives: User defined, Unequipped, Equipped, TUG structure, Locked TU mode, Async
140M, ATM, MAN DQDB, FDDI, GFP Mapping, O.181 Test Signal

VC3 Alternatives: User defined, Unequipped, Equipped, TUG structure, Locked TU mode, Async 34M/
45M, ATM, MAN DQDB, FDDI, GFP Mapping, O.181 Test Signal

VC12 Alternatives: User defined, Unequipped, Equipped, Async 2M, Bit Sync 2M, Byte Sync 2M,
Extended Signal Label, O.181 Test Signal
Received Signal Label

Function Buttons: Get Get Signal Label


Active SNCP Status
Displays which channel is active (the colour indicates the active channel).

Function Buttons: Get Get SNCP Status


DXC, SETS Configuration
The configuration of the SETS function must be performed to assure correct synchronization in the SDH/SONET network. By default no synchronization sources are selected, and the DXC will be using
Local SETS Oscillator.

Available clock sources can be added to a priority list by pressing , and removed from the list by . The first entry in the list has highest priority. The priority of a clock source can be changed by
clicking or . Maximum three sources can be added to the list. There are two priority tables: One for the T4 DPLL and one for the T0 DPLL.

The SETS function for T0 can operate in revertive or non-revertive mode when Quality label mode is disabled.

If Quality label mode is chosen the switching between the sources will take into account the status of the SSM byte for the sources, and if equal SSM byte also the source priority. If Quality label mode is
set to Off, the switching is performed according to priority and validation of the sources only.

The quality of the tributary input signal 1 and 2 can be set in the Tributary synchronisation 1 input quality and Tributary synchronisation 2 input quality fields.

The quality of the external input signal from the front can be set in the External synchronization input quality field.

The source for the external synchronization output can be configured to either T0 or T4.
Pull Down Menus: External synchronisation input quality

Function Button: Set Apply selections


DXC, Tributary Sync Configuration
Enabling of tributarys as clock source for synchronization.

Pull Down Menus: Tributary 1/2 Select LIU

Port Select LIU Port

Check Boxes: Enable Tributary 1/2

Function Button: Set Set Selections

Get Get Status


DXC, SETS Status
The status page contains information about the quality of the incoming and outgoing clock signals for all available sources. Each row in the table corresponds to a clock source.

A source colored green indicates an active clock source. If the SETS function is in holdover mode the Local oscillator source for T0 will be red.

The following status information is available:


Last changed
Source quality/SSM (Synchronization Status Message)
0000 Quality unknown (existing sync network)
0001 Reserved
0010 G.811
0011 Reserved
0100 G.812 transit
0101 Reserved
0110 Reserved
0111 Reserved
1000 G.812 local
1001 Reserved
1010 Reserved
1011 Synchronous equipment timing source (SETS)
1100 Reserved
1101 Reserved
1110 Reserved
1111 Do not use for synchronization
Input source validity

Note! The T4 status is only visible if T4 is chosen as the source for the External synchronization output in the SETS Configuration.
Function Button: Get Get synchronization status

Start Polling Start polling of synchronization status

Stop Polling Stop polling of synchronization status


Auxiliary Units
Available AUX Units:
Engineering Orderwire Unit (EOW)
4x64kb/s Unit
Alarm & Control Unit (ACU)
E1/T1 Wayside Unit
Engineering Orderwire Unit (EOW)
Set up and configuration of the EOW Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the EOW Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the EOW Unit are displayed.
EOW, Inventory
List of EOW Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
EOW
Engineering Order Wire can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when Direction: Line (Traffic over
Line Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of EOW connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is selected for
EOW traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

The Service Telephone connector is inserted in Port1 on the EOW Unit.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of EOW traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of EOW parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of EOW Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of EOW traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of EOW traffic on NOH channel 2

Input Field: Number Setting of Telephone number. Alternatives: 00 to 99


EOW, Analog Ports
Other Equipment 1 & 2:
These two balanced interfaces are meant for interconnection between similar equipment. A maximum of 3 Service Telephone Units can be connected this way. These interfaces are not over-voltage
protected and not galvanic isolated and are therefore not recommended for long lines or outdoor use.
- Port input level (dBm): Not adjustable. Nominal value: -6.0 dBm.
- Port output level (dBm): Not adjustable. Nominal value -6.0dBm.

4 Wire interface:
This is a balanced, galvanic isolated interface meant to interface various types of equipment. Input- and output- gain can be adjusted over a wide range.
- Port input level (dBm): Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
- Port output level (dBm): Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
Pull Down Menus: Remote (4 Wire) Port Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.
input level

Remote (4 Wire) Port Adjustable range: 4dBm to -10.0dBm.


output level

Function Button Set Setting of Analog Ports parameters

Check Boxes: Enable analog port Enabling of the analog ports. If the check box is unchecked, the analog ports are
disabled.

Transit other By checking this box, the signal is through conncted between Port 2 and Port 3 on the
equipment 1 to other EOW Unit.
equipment 2
EOW, G.703 on Port 2
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when Direction: Line (Traffic over Line
Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, G.703 on Port 3
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels. The NOH channels are not available when Direction: Line (Traffic over Line
Interface Unit) is selected.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels
Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, HDLC 1 (High-Level Data Link Control)
EOW HDLC communication utilities:
64kb/s user channel
Enables a 64kb/s communication channel between the IFUs Supervisor Unit's software and a remote site SU, enabling remote management and configuration/control.
To utilize this operation the HDLC device has to be assigned an IP address and included in the Supervisory software's IP routing table on both ends of this
communication channel, plus directed into a SOH or NOH channel towards a particular antenna direction. The IP-address assignment is done in the configuration--
>network menu.
This remote management and configuration/control function is accessable through, as usual, a web-browser and the remote WEB management and configuration
service.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of 64kb/s connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The byte will turn yellow indicating
that the byte is selected for 64kb/s traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the
NOH.

G.703 Co-directional
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 Co-directional connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 3 and the SU, which provide two different functions

Terminal-server function
This function provide access to Port 3 from a telnet-connection on the Supervisory Unit. Ex. connect a PC to the SU and start the telnet application on the PC and
connect to the targets IP address and TCP port #. This will then provide some simple means to access and control other devices and units.

The TCP port # is assigned according to the following parameters:


First digit - 3
Second digit - Equal to the IFU number
Third digit - Equal to slot number -7. E.g. Upper left most slot (slot # 7) gives the digit; 7-7=0
Fourth digit - 0

Local Management connection


This is similar to the remote management connection, but the "remote" unit to manage is in the near vicinity - usually in the same room.
E.g.
Web-client <--> PC <--> IFU#1[SU <--> EOW <--> HDLC <---> Port#3] <----- Cross con cable -----> IFU#2 [Port#3 <--> HDLC <---> EOW <--> SU <--> WEB-Service <--
> configuration software <--> IFU Hardware]
SOH / TOH
NOH
G.703 Co-directional

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of traffic direction.


Options: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was entered
under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels
Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of new parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of HDLC Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 2


EOW, Looping
Four different loops can be activated on the EOW Unit. One near end loop at each customer interface, G.703 (Port 2 and 3) and one corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the EOW Port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
EOW, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the EOW Unit.
The EOW contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be
disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the EOW.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the EOW.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


4x64kb/s Unit
Set up and configuration of the 64kb/s Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the 64kb/s Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the 64kb/s Unit are displayed.
4x64kb/s Unit, Inventory
List of 4x64kb/s Unit Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
4x64kb/s Unit, Port 1 - G.703 Contra Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 2 - G.703 Co-Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 3 - G.703 Co-Directional
G.703 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for G.703 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of G.703 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of G.703 parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of G.703 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of G.703 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Port 4 - V.11
V.11 can be inserted in dedicated SOH (ETSI) / TOH (ANSI) bytes, or the NOH (Nera Overhead) channels.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of V.11 connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The Byte will turn yellow indicating that the byte is
selected for V.11 traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the NOH.
SOH / TOH
NOH

Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of V.11 traffic direction.


Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of V.11 parameters


Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of V.11 Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of V.11 traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of V.11 traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, HDLC (High-Level Data Link Control)
64kb/s HDLC communication utilities:
64kb/s user channel
Enables a 64kb/s communication channel between the IFUs Supervisor Unit's software and a remote site SU, enabling remote management and configuration/control.
To utilize this operation the HDLC device has to be assigned an IP address and included in the Supervisory software's IP routing table on both ends of this
communication channel, plus directed into a SOH or NOH channel towards a particular antenna direction. The IP-address assignment is done in the configuration--
>network menu.
This remote management and configuration/control function is accessable through a web-browser and the remote WEB management and configuration service.

The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of 64kb/s connections.

When SOH / TOH button is pushed, an SOH / TOH matrix is displayed. Available SOH / TOH bytes (white colour) can be selected. The byte will turn yellow indicating
that the byte is selected for 64kb/s traffic.

If the NOH button is pushed, NOH channel 1 or 2 can be selected.

Note! For each Main traffic channel, max. three 64kb/s channels can be allocated in the SOH/TOH. in addition two 64 kb/s channels can be allocated in the
NOH.

G.703 Co-directional
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of G.703 Co-directional connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 3 and the SU, which provide two different functions

Terminal-server function
This function provide access to Port 3 from a telnet-connection on the Supervisory Unit. Ex. connect a PC to the SU and start the telnet application on the PC and
connect to the targets IP address and TCP port #. This will then provide some simple means to access and control other devices and units.

The TCP port # is assigned according to the following parameters:


First digit - 3
Second digit - Equal to the IFU number
Third digit - Equal to slot number -7. E.g. Upper left most slot (slot # 7) gives the digit; 7-7=0
Fourth digit - 0

Local Management connection


This is similar to the remote management connection, but the "remote" unit to manage is in the near vicinity - usually in the same room.
E.g.
Web-client <--> PC <--> IFU#1[SU <--> EOW <--> HDLC <---> Port#3] <----- Cross con cable -----> IFU#2 [Port#3 <--> HDLC <---> EOW <--> SU <--> WEB-Service <--
> configuration software <--> IFU Hardware]
Port 4 - V.11
The check box "Enable" must be checked for setup of V.11 connections.
Enables the HDLC device to send data between Port 4 and the SU, which provide two different functions; Terminal-server function and Local Management
connection.
See G.703 Co-directional description.
SOH / TOH
NOH
G.703 Co-directional
V.11
Pull Down Menus: Clock Options: Contra Master, Co-dir or Slave

Baud Rate Options: 64kb/s or 256kb/s


Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of traffic direction.
Alternatives: Line or Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Direction that was
entered under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons SOH / TOH Selection of available Section Overhead / Traffic Overhead byte

NOH Selection of Nera Overhead Channel. Alternatives: Channel 1 or Channel 2

Set Setting of new parameters

Check Boxes: Enable Enabling of HDLC Connection

(NOH) Channel 1 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 1

(NOH) Channel 2 Selection of traffic on NOH channel 2


4x64kb/s Unit, Looping
Eight different loops can be activated on the 4x64kb/s Unit. One near end loop for (Port 1 - 4) and one corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the 64kb/s Port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
4x64kb/s Unit, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the 4x64kb/s Unit.
The 4x64kb/s Unit contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will
automatically be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the 4x64kb/s Unit.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the 4x64kb/s Unit.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


Alarm & Control Unit (ACU)
Set up and configuration of the ACU Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

The ACU enables supervisory of external equipment. The ACU unit enables access of external analogue inputs (7) and external alarm inputs (8) and generation of alarm/relay outputs (4).

The “Relay Config”, “Alarm Input”, “Alarm Output” and “Analogue Config” are ACU specific configuration menus.
The “Inventory” and “Analogue” menus display current information.
The “Relay Control” enables customer to operate relay outputs.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the ACU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the ACU Unit are displayed.
ACU, Inventory
List of ACU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
ACU, Alarm Input
Configuration menu for input alarm signals.
The ACU is equipped with 8 current loop connections alarm inputs each equipped with positive- and negative- input pins. The input alarms are enrolled into the supervisory system.

The ACU detects a change of input state when the following conditions are satisfied:
Interface current loop, state on: > 3.0 mA
Interface current loop, state off: < 1.0 mA

Transient protection, amplitude: < 100 V


Transient protection, duration: < 10 ms, non-repetitive

Input Alarm State configuration: The supervisory system allows the operator to set alarm state, HIGH / LOW.

Input Alarm Name configuration: Unique names can be configured to the input alarms.
Function Button: Set Set selected parameters

Pull Down Menus: Auxiliary Alarm Input Active (1-8) Alternatives: High
Low
ACU, Relay Control
The “Relay Control” menu can operate “Latched” and “Pulsed” relay outputs.

The ACU is equipped with 4 relay outputs which can be configured to Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Output- mode. The Alarm Output relays are controlled by the supervisory system while the Latched- and Pulsed- relays can be
operated manually.

Latched relays: The operator can switch the output state from OPEN to CLOSED or from CLOSED to OPEN.
Pulse relays: The operator can generate a pulse of a predefined length specified in the ACU, Relay Config.

Description of parameters:
ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Given relay name, ref. ACU, Relay Config
Mode: Configured relay mode: Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Out- type
Pulse: Parameter valid only for Pulsed type relays
Status: Detected status Note! Relay status is be updated when an action is performed.
Action: Manual operation valid only for Latched- and Pulsed- type relays.
ACU, Relay Config
The ACU is equipped with 4 relay output which can be setup as Latched-, Pulsed- or Alarm Out- type relays.

Latched Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Latched
Pulse (in 0.5s): Not Applicable
Active State: Not Applicable

Pulsed Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Pulsed
Pulse (in 0.5s): Configurable pulse length selected from the range of 0.5s to 62.5s
Active State: Configurable pulse state, OPEN / CLOSED

Alarm Out Mode - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical relay (hardware)
Name: Changeable relay name referred to by the supervisory system.
Mode: Alarm Out
Pulse (in 0.5s): Not Applicable
Active State: Configurable Alarm Out state, OPEN / CLOSED
ACU, Alarm Output
The ACU, Alarm Output menu enables the operator to select one or more available alarms and output their contribution onto the Alarm Out.
The Alarm Out state is configured in the ACU, Relay Config menu.

The left window displays a tree with all available alarms which can be selected and connected to the selected Alarm Out on the right window.
ACU, Analogue Config
The ACU, Analogue Config menu enables analogue input readings and by setting parameters in the formula, the value of the readings can be adjusted.

Auxiliary Analogue Input Equation: F(x) = A + Bx + Cx²+ De× + Eln(x)

Examples:
Ex.1: F(x) = -5.2; where A=-5.2, B=0, C=0, D=0, E=0
Ex.2: F(x) = x; where A=0, B=1, C=0, D=0, E=0
Ex.3: F(x) = x²; where A=0, B=0, C=1, D=0, E=0

Auxiliary Analogue Input - Configuration parameters:


ID: Refer to physical analogue input (hardware)
Interval: Refer to analogue input range defined by ACU (hardware)
Name: Changeable analogue input name referred to by the supervisory system.
A: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
B: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
C: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
D: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
E: Changeable function parameter, refer the equation
Input Fields: Name Each channel (1 to 7) can be named individually

A......E The measure range can be adapted to practical levels, by designating values, according to the
equation above the table.
ACU, Analogue
The ACU, Analogue menu displays latest analogue function based on the setup of ACU, Analogue Config menu.

Note! If the parameters, B, C, D or E, are all set to 0, the function will be set equal to A. The function will not be influenced by the analogue value (x).
Function Buttons: Get Get Analogue Input Status

Start Polling Start Analogue Input Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Analogue Input Status Polling


E1/T1 Wayside Unit
Set up and configuration of the E1/T1 Wayside Unit. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the E1/T1 Wayside Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the E1/T1 Wayside Unit are
displayed.

Note! Only Port 1 (A) can be used.


E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Inventory
List of EOW Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.
E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Port 1
Wayside traffic can be inserted in dedicated Section Overhead bytes.

Note! If one or more of the bytes used for wayside traffic are already assigned for 64kb/s channels (Engineering Orderwire or 4x64kb/s AUX Units), Wayside traffic can not be enabled. In
this case the 64kb/s channels must be reassigned to bytes not used for wayside traffic. See Engineering Orderwire Unit and 4x64kb/s Unit setup. The bytes may also be used by SU
Ethernet Wayside traffic.

E1 or T1 wayside traffic can be selected. By checking the Enable E1/T1 check box, the SOH/TOH chart is displayed. If T1 is selected, the interface cable length has to be selected.
Pull Down Menus: Direction Selection of Wayside traffic direction.
Alternatives: Antenna Direction (The name for the Antenna Directions that was entered
under Unit Housekeeping will appear in the Pull Down Menu)

Main Traffic Channel Selection of Main Traffic Channel. Dependent on the number of Regular Channels

Function Buttons Set Setting of Wayside parameters

Check Boxes: Enable E1/T1 Enabling Wayside traffic


E1/T1 Wayside Unit, Looping
Four different loops can be activated on the E1/T1 Wayside Unit. One near end loop for each Port and one corresponding far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the Port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
E1/T1 Wayside Unit, PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the E1T1 Wayside Unit.
The E1/T1 Wayside Unit contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in
the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on this Port will be interrupted.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.

Get Gets Error Status


Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern. Available pattern: PRBS 2*23-1

Check Boxes Active Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Active Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


IFU Basic Frame
Set up and configuration of the IFU Basic Frame. Click on the different sub pages for more information. The configuration options for the IFU Basic Frame are dependent on the system
configuration, i.e. METRO and XPAND configuration pages will have different sub-menus.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the IFU Basic Frame highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the IFU Basic Frame are
displayed.

METRO
IFU Basic Frame (METRO), Inventory
List of IFU Basic Frame Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
IFU Basic Frame (METRO), Path Trace
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to test that the received STM-1 frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH (Send). The radio that receives the STM-1 frames must have the same Trace
string (J0) defined. If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted. An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.

Check Boxes: Enable send Enable send Trace string

Enable receive Enable Receive Trace string


Function Buttons: Set (Send) Set Path Trace signal to send

Set (Receive) Set Path Trace signal expected to receive

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start polling Status


Stop Polling Stop polling Status

Input Fields: Send Trace string User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters

Receive Expected User defined ASCII string max. 15 characters


IFU Basic Frame (METRO), AIS
The Path Trace functionality and the AIS (Alarm Indicator Signal) functionality are used to verify that the received STM-1 frames are the frames we want to receive (correct routing, frequency
alignment. . . . ). This is done by either inserting a fixed byte or a user defined ASCII string in the J0 slot in the RSOH. This is done from the Path Trace sheet. The radio that receives the STM-1
frames must have the same Trace string (J0). If there is a mismatch, an AIS can be inserted. An AIS can also be inserted if the HBER threshold is exceeded.
Check Boxes: Insert AIS on Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) When this box is checked, an Alarm Indicating Signal is
inserted when there is a mismatch between the Path Trace
string or fixed byte sent and the expected Receive signal

Remove Delay Enabled Remove AIS delay

Pull Down Menu: AIS remove delay (in sec) Setting of AIS remove dela: 0-300 seconds

Function Button: Set Set AIS parameters


IFU Basic Frame (METRO), Analogues
This page gives the status of the IFU Basic Frame voltage levels.
IFU Basic Frame (METRO), IFU Test
By clicking the TEST buttons on the screenshot below, direct access to the Looping /PRBS pages on the LIU and RIU units is available. By clicking the corresponding "looping arrows", loops can be
set for testing purposes.
Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of Time Out Value for IFU Test

Function Button: Arrow Setting of loop

TEST Link to Looping /PRBS pages on the LIU and RIU units

LIU Looping
LIU PRBS
RIU Looping
XPAND
IFU Basic Frame (XPAND), Inventory
List of IFU Basic Frame Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
IFU Basic Frame (XPAND), IFU Test
By clicking the TEST buttons on the screenshot below, direct access to the Looping /PRBS pages on the "E1/T1" and RIU units is available. By clicking the corresponding "looping arrows", loops can be set for
testing purposes.

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of Time Out Value for IFU Test

Function Button: Arrow Setting of loop

TEST Link to Looping /PRBS pages on the "E1/T1" and RIU units
LIU 25XE1 Looping
LIU 25XE1 PRBS
RIU Looping
IFU Basic Frame (XPAND), Cross-Connect
The IFU Basic Frame has a built-in cross connect with 4 ports. The Cross-connect allows the operator to interconnect traffic on these ports.
The connections are identified by using the background colour of the ports together with the address of the virtual container. The background colour of a virtual container identifies the source port, while the address identifies the
source address.

SNCP functionality is identified with a split cell.

When configuring the cross-connection of virtual containers, three modes are available, cross-connection of two channels, cross-connection with SNCP (Path protection) and cross connection of Ethernet. SNCP can be activated
for each individual virtual container separately.

1. Cross-connection without SNCP: Select the source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. A range of virtual containers can be selected by click and drag. Push the Connect button and then select
the sink virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. Verify the correct cross-connection before pushing the Set button to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of a connection is done by selecting
either of the two virtual containers in a connection and push the Disconnect button and the Set button.

2. Cross-connection with SNCP: Select the Sink virtual container(s) for the SNCP connection. Click the SNCP Connect button. Select the first source virtual container by clicking inside square for that container. Then select
the second source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. Press the Connect button. Verify the correct SNCP cross-connection before pushing the Set button, to apply the setting to the Unit.
Disconnecting of a connection is done selecting any of the three virtual containers in a connection and push Disconnect button and Set button.
Note: SNCP must be enabled on the individual ports on the E1/T1 interfaces.

3. Cross-connection Ethernet: Select the source virtual container by clicking inside the square for that container. A range of virtual containers can be selected by clicking the first and then the last virtual container in the range.
Click the Connect Ethernet button and then click on any virtual container in the target RIU. The SU Ethernet virtual containers will occupy the virtual containers with the highest address numbers in the RIU. It is therefore
important that these virtual containers are free before attempting to connect Ethernet. Verify the correct cross-connection before pushing the Set button to apply the setting to the Unit. Disconnecting of the Ethernet connection
is done by pushing "Disconnect Ethernet" button and Set button.

Note: The configuration is not applied to the unit before the Set button is pushed. Several cross-connections and SNCP connections can be configured before the Set button is pushed.
Function Button: Connect Select the channels to be connected. Press this button. Then select the target
channel.

SNCP Connect Select the Sink Channel(s). Press this button. Select the first SNCP channel. Then
select the second SNCP Channel.

Disconnect Select a channel which already has an established connection. Press this button to
remove the connection.

Connect Ethernet Select a range of Ethernet channels. Push this button. Click on any channel in the
target RIU.

Disconnect Ethernet Push this button to disconnect the Ethernet connection.

Loop Click on the channel to be looped. Press this button to activate the loop.

Disconnect Loop Click on the active loop to be disconnected. Push this button to disconnect the loop.

Get Get status

Set Apply the selected connections


IFU Basic Frame (XPAND), Cross-Connect Status
Overview of IFU XPAND Cross-Connect Status.
Gray coloured virtual containers: signal ok
Yellow coloured virtual containers: Payload mismatch
Red coloured virtual containers: Alarm
Function Button: Get Get Cross-Connect status

Start Polling Start polling of Cross-Connect status

Stop Polling Stop polling of Cross-Connect status


IFU Basic Frame (XPAND), SNCP Status
The SNCP status is indicated by using the background colour of the active port. In the example below, the active source comes from the violet port: /ne/frame-1/slot-3/E1.

Function Button: Get Get SNCP status

Start Polling Start polling of SNCP status

Stop Polling Stop polling of SNCP status


Transceiver
Set up and configuration of the Transceiver. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are displayed.
Transceiver, Power
The Transceiver provides a set of RF power control functions:

RF input alarm thresholds can be set such that an alarm is raised when the input level exceeds the upper or lower limits.
ATPC (Automatic Transmit Power Control) is a function for effectively reducing the interference probability in the network. When ATPC is enabled, the output power from the transmitter is
automatically controlled. The "ATPC" alarm is generated if ATPC stops functioning. Note that ATPC must be available on both sides of the hop in order to be used. The table "Recommended
ATPC Input Reference Level" gives the correct ATPC Input Reference Level as a function of payload, channel spacing and radio frequency.
If ATPC is not enabled, the transmitted output level can be set (MTPC). The transmitter can also be muted.

Note! In XPIC configurations it is highly recommended that the ATPC function is enabled.

The values in the example below are typical and will vary according to the calculated values from the system propagation.
Input Field: MTPC
Output level ATPC is disabled and constant manual output level is selected.
ATPC Output level is automatically adjusted according to the specified ATPC settings.
Input reference level -The desired input level. If ATPC is enabled on the remote transmitter, the
remote transmitter will regulate its output power such that the received input level
at this receiver is equal to the reference level.
See table below for recommended Input Reference Level.
Max. output level -The Transmitters maximum output level (dBm)
Coordinated/Default output level -The Transmitters default output level (dBm). The output power to be used if
ATPC regulation loop fails (The "ATPC" alarm is raised).
Check Boxes: MTPC Manual Transmit Power Control mode
ATPC Automatic Transmit Power Control mode
Mute Output Power When checked the Output power is muted
Disable Modulation Used for test purposes
Disable Rx Squelching When checked - squelching of the Rx IFsignal is prevented, when the
received signal is below threshold.
ATPC, Enable Lower Limit for Mask Enable the ATPC Lower Limit if the output power is required to comply with
the mask defined for the equipment also when operating in ATPC mode.
The limit used is the same as the minimum available MTPC output power.
ATPC, Enable 5-min-alarm for max With this function enabled a timer is started when the output level exceeds
output the pre-set "Coordinated/Default output level". If the output level stays
above this level for 5 minutes continously, an alarm will be raised and the
output level is forced to comply with the "Coordinated/Default output level".
The alarm condition proceeds until the ATPC output level decreases to
1dBm below "Coordinated/Default output level". When this occurs the
alarm is cleared and output level above "Coordinated/Default output level"
is again allowed (for a for a time periode of <5min continously).

Function Button: Set Apply settings

Recommended ATPC Input Reference Level


Typical Channel Recommended ATPC "Input Reference Level"
Payload Spacing (MHz) L6GHz U6GHz 7GHz 8GHz 10GHz 11GHz 13GHz 15GHz 18GHz 23GHz 26GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz
STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 (ACAP) -52 -51 -52 -52 -51 -52 -50 -50 -49 -49 -49 -48 -48 -47
STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 -51 -50 -51 -51 -50 -51 -49 -49 -48 -48 -48 -47 -47 -46
STM-1 / 75 x 1 40 -54 -54 -54 -54 -53 -54 -53 -53 -52 -52 -52 -51 -50 -50
STM-1 / 75 x 1 50 - 56 -59 -58 -59 -59 -58 -59 -56 -56 -55 -55 -54 -53 -53 -53
40 x E1 27.5 - 30 -61 -61 -61 -61 -60 -61 -60 -60 -59 -59 -58 -57 -57 -55
50 x E1 27.5 - 30 -60 -59 -60 -60 -59 -60 -58 -58 -57 -57 -55 -54 -54 -54
20 x E1 13.75 - 15 -64 -63 -64 -64 -63 -64 -62 -62 -61 -61 -61 -60 -60 -59
Transceiver, Analogues
List of analogue levels
Transceiver, Remote Muting

Note! When Remote Muting is activated, traffic will be broken.

Before activating the Remote Muting, the Time Out Value must be selected.

Check Box: Mute Remote Output Power Mutes the remote corresponding Transceiver Output
Function Buttons: Apply Apply settings

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Transceiver, Looping

Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this Transceiver will be interrupted.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Fault
In the Fault menu the alarm status can be monitored.

Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of alarm data:

Current alarm status and historical alarm information can be collected from the network element and presented in different user interfaces.
Historical alarm data can be logged into a database system.

Alarm information can be gathered by two different methods:

Polling: Regularly requests alarm update information from the NE.


Get: Get the current alarm status

Colours and symbols are used to indicate the alarm severity of the network element. Each alarm severity class has a corresponding colour and symbol.

Note! If you from the Fault menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the Fault status for that particular Unit is displayed.

Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.


Active
Displays a list of all active alarms.

Note! If you from the Active menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the active alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Clear Filters Clears the filter settings

Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Blocked Alarms View Blocked alarms.

Get Get Alarm Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


All
Displays a list of all alarms.

Note! If you from the All menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Clear Filters Clears the filter settings.

Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Blocked Alarms View Blocked alarms.

Get Get Alarm Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


Event Log
The Event Log is a log that displays all events on the Network Element.
Function Button: Set Mode Accept selected Log Mode

Remove Entries Specify the number of entries to be removed from the Events Log

Purge Log Clears the Event Log table


Print Table Prints the Event Log on a local printer

Pull Down Menu Log Mode Select Log Mode. Alternatives: Wrap when full or Halt when full. Note! If "Halt when full" is
selected, new events will not be logged when Event log is full.

Input Fields: Entries Type in the entry number to be deleted from the Events list
Performance
Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of performance data. Cumulative measurements, Registers (15Min, Day and Month) and Thresholds can be selected from the
sub-menu.

Note! If you from the Performance menu click one of the IFU Frame units, the Performance status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events
Registers
Displays periodic Measurements. Period measurements are measurements cumulated over a predefined period of time (15 minutes, 24 hours and 1month). The start times of these measurements
are also predefined:

15Min measurements start at h:00:00, h:15:00, h:30:00 and h:45:00, where h denotes hour.
24Hour measurements start at each midnight (00:00:00).
Month measurements start at midnight at each month transition.

Note that the NE is using GMT time, such that the measurement start time is relative to GMT time and not to your PC’s local time.

For 15Min measurements the NE keeps the 16 latest periods. For 24Hour and Month measurements only the latest period is kept.
Note that the running performance measurements will be reset due to a SW restart on the corresponding board/unit. E.g. restarting a Line Interface Unit will reset all periodic measurements on that unit.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.
SES Severely Errored Seconds
The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 15 Min
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 Day
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
G.826 Month
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC 15 Min
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Measurement Types (Source)
B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC Day
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Measurement Types (Source)
B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
EC Month
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Measurement Types (Source)
B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Cumulative
Cumulative measurements are counting the number of errors since the last counter reset. These counters can be manually reset, and will also be reset by a SW Restart of the corresponding board/unit.
G.826
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.

Measurement types (see also definitions below the screenshot)


B1 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
B2 Contains;
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
MS REI Contains
SES, ES, BBE and UAS
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.
Parity: The number of parity errors detected.
Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Error Count
Counts errors comulatively.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Measurement Types (Source)
B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Threshold
Thresholds can be configured such that alarms are generated when performance measurements exceed the specified limits. Note that performance measurements are evaluated continuously through
the measurement period, and an alarm is raised immediately when the threshold value is exceeded. An active performance threshold alarm is not cleared before a measurement period has completed
with a measurement value less than the corresponding threshold.

Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menu Filter; Source Select source

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source SOH bytes (ETSI)/TOH bytes (ANSI) allocated for system monitoring

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

Measurement Types (Source)


B1 One byte of the SOH frame is allocated for regenerator section error monitoring. This B1 byte contains a Bit
Interleaved Parity 8 (BIP-8) code using even parity. The BIP-8 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame after scrambling and is placed in byte B1 of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.

B2 Three bytes of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section error monitoring. The B2 bytes contain a Bit
Interleaved Parity 24 (BIP-24) code using even parity. The BIP-24 is computed over all bits of the previous STM-1
frame except for the first three rows of SOH and is placed in the B2 bytes of the current frame before scrambling.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
MS-REI The M1 byte of the SOH frame is allocated for multiplex section remote error indication. The M1 byte conveys the
count of interleaved bit block errors that have been detected by the BIP-24 (B2) at the remote multiplex site.

Parity: The number of parity errors detected.


Block: The number of blocks in which one or more parity errors are detected.
Analog
Displays transceiver input and output levels. Both numerically and graphically (cumulative or as a function of time)
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.
Cumulative, Display Displays a graph showing cumulative measurements of the RF input and RF output
levels since last reset (clear).

Cumulative, Clear Resets the Cumulative measurement graph

Time Series, Display Displays a graph showing the RF input and RF output levels as a function of time.
Only the last 15 minutes are shown. A total of 2 time series can be active
simultaneously.
Time Series, Start/Stop
Starts/Stops the time series registration.

Pull Down Menu Physical Position Select all or readings from a specific ODU

Filter; Source Select source

Cumulative Plot, RF Input Level


Cumulative Plot, RF Output Level
Time Series Plot, RF Input Level
Time Series Plot, RF Output Level
Security
The Security Manager Module handles the user administration for the Evolution system. This module maintains the database of all the available users in the system and provides interface for accessing
the system. Based on the privilege level, each user shall be provided with the necessary access permission to interact with the system.
Dependent on the user privileges, different pages in the Security Session are visible (see table below the screenshot).
User privileges
ADMIN User Administration
User Sessions
Change Password
Security Settings
Log

PASSIVE Change Password


User Sessions
ACTIVE Change Password
User Sessions
MASTER Change Password
User Sessions
User Administration
In order to add or remove users, admin privileges are required.
A maximum of 20 users can be registered in the database.
10 users can be logged in simultaneously.
The user will be put in quarantine after 5 consecutive unsuccessful log in attempts. The quarantine will last for 60 minutes.
Function Buttons: Add User Add New User

Remove User Remove selected User

Check Boxes: User Select Select User to be removed

Add user
When "Add User" button is pushed, the following dialogue appears:

User name 4-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 not case sensitive)

Password 8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive)


Privilege
Passive: System monitoring
Active: Communication settings and data collection
Master: All commands including software download
Admin: All commands incl. software download and administration of user accounts
Status "Permanent User", "Temporary User"
Active period (For Temporary Users) 1-100 days

Remove User
Click the Check box for the actual User and push the "Remove User" Button.
User Sessions
List of all in-logged Users
Change Password

Warning! When admin password is changed from default (admin); it is not possible for Nera Networks to revert to the old password or provide a new one.
Function Button: Save Saves the new password

Input Fields: Current Password Type in current password

New Password Type in new password (8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive))

Re-type new password Re-type new password


Security Settings
Setting of IP range. When enabled only terminals within the IP Range will have access to the NE

Function Button: Save Saves the IP Range

Input Fields: Min. IP address Type in min. IP address

Max. IP address Type in max. IP address


Check Box: Enable IP Range When this box is checked, only IP addresses within the range can access the NE.
Log
Log of all security operations on the NE. Maximum events: 1000. Clear the list by pushing the "Purge Log" button.

Function Button: Purge Log Clears the Security Log


Feature Description Access IFU
A wide range of configuration, tests and system monitoring can be performed by means of the Evolution Manager. The screenshots shown in this chapter and the navigation is the same as in the
Evolution Manager program, for a certain equipment configuration. The screenshots in the Evolution Manager will change dynamically with the actual equipment configuration and may differ from
this example on certain sub-menus.
Note! This is only a tutorial and no parameters can be set from this manual. The alarms and system configuration details are fictive and not related to a "live" system.

Menu Details
A brief description of the functionallity is shown when the cursor is placed over the menue items or the IFU Frame interfaces (including IFU Basic Frame), in the screenshot below.

Click on a menue item or IFU interface, to get a detailed description of the specific item.
Note! The IFU Basic Frame configuration is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Configuration
In the Configuration menu the system can be configured according to user preferences and license parameters.
Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.

For configuration of Plug-in units and Transceiver, click on the Radio/IFU picture on the screenshot.
Note! The Mother board is accessed by clicking the yellow bar on the IFU lower part or the grey bar on the top.
Housekeeping
The Housekeeping must be set initially when the system is set up for the first time and if the hardware configuration has been changed.

Input Fields: Station Name Type the Station Name

Terminal Name Type the Terminal Name

Direction Name Type the Direction Name


Pull Down Menus: Transmission Capacity Setting of total Transmission Capacity.
Alternatives: 4, 8 or 16*E1 (ETSI) / 4, 8 or 16*DS1(T1) (ANSI)

Ethernet Capacity Setting of Ethernet Capacity.


Note that the selected Ethernet capacity will occupy equivalent amount of E1/DS1(T1)
channels, from the total transmission capacity.
Alternatives: 1 to 16*E1 / DS1(T1)
Radio Protection Switching
Radio Protection Switching (RPS) operations for 1+1and Hot Stand-by systems are managed by the SU. This RPS module interacts with other system hardware resources to achieve automatic
protection switch operations based on switch criteria inputs from the individual radio channels. This module also supports manually controlled switch operations and status reporting.

Click on one of the sub-pages in the screenshots to explore the details.

Hot Standby configurated systems (See screenshot below this, for Freq. Div systems)
Switch Configuration (Hot Stby)
Hot Standby implements equipment protection for a radio hop. A protection switch section is comprised of the duplicated transmit- and receive-equipment required to serve one
antenna. This switch section is monitored and controlled by a single RPS module. The two equipment paths are identified as Ch. 1 and Ch. 2. The protection switch state is
either "Ch. 1 active" or "Ch. 2 active". Each traffic direction (transmit and receive) has its own set of switch criteria. The system may be set up as "Unidirectional" or "Bi-
directional".

Bi-directional
Bi-directional means that the switching in Tx and Rx directions will follow each other.

Uni-directional
Uni-directional means that the two traffic directions for a switching section are controlled individually and independent of each other (treated as two independent switch sections)
.

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (bidirectional)

If Tx criteria are activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly. The RPS is to protect the Rx direction for that same channel,
as long as the channel is free of errors.
If the RPS detects an Rx criterion, it shall protect the associated channel, and revert back to bidirectional mode when th Rx criterion disappears. Switch on Tx side will not
be performed.
If there are active Rx criteria on both Rx channels the most severe criterion is to be acknowledged. This means that the automatic HSB switch actually operates in
unidirectional mode as long as conflicting criteria are active. When there are no longer conflicts between Tx and Rx criteria the switch state should be changed to
bidirectional

Typical 1+1 HSB switch scenario (unidirectional)

The RPS controls the Rx switch based on Rx criteria information as for a 1+1 FD automatic switch.
If Tx criteria is activated the RPS controls the mute/unmute functions on the two transceivers accordingly.

Manual Requests
The responsibility of the manual switch function is to set the requested worker channel in standby state in both traffic directions by sending mute/unmute commands to the
tranceivers and performing an Rx switch

Manual Switch
Manual switch/restore requests are considered local to the station and, for a given antenna direction, involves transceiver RF switch for Tx and baseband alignment switch for
Rx. This operation is implemented as a bidirectional locked switch.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Manual Switch Switch channel

Auto Switching set to Auto


Get Get Status
Pull down Menus: Traffic direction dependency Alternatives: UNIDIR, BIDIR

Switch Limit Alternatives: LOWRF (Low transmitter output level)


EW (Early Warning)
LBER (Low Bit Error Rate)
HBER (High Bit Error Rate)
OOS (Sync Loss)
RXINPUT (Low receiver input Level)

Switch mode Alternatives: Revertive, Non-revertive


Switch Channel Status (Hot Stby)
Displays the Switch Channel status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Frequency Diversity configurated systems
Switch Section (Freq. Div.)
1+1 FD protection switching
An automatic switch procedure is initiated on the receive side based on a set of switch criteria acquired from the hardware resources.

Aligned switching will be performed if possible.The active channel which is to be protected, is polled for data alignment status. When the data stream from the protector demodulator is aligned with the
data stream from the active channel demodulator, an errorless switchover is performed.

In case the alignment process fails, a forced switchover may be performed dependent upon active criteria and configuration settings for the RPS system (if a continuity criterion is active initially the RPS
will not check for alignment but immediately select the forced switchover option)

When the criteria for protecting the channel are no longer active the channel will be restored if the RPS is set to revertive mode.
Function Button: Set Setting of Switch Section parameters

Manual Switch Manual switch to selected channel

Auto Set to Auto switch mode

Get Get status

Pull down Menus: Switch mode Alternatives: Revertive mode


When the switching criteria for protecting Ch1 is no longer
present, the traffic on ChP will be switched back to Ch1.
Non-Revertive mode
If the traffic has been switched to ChP, due to switching criteria
on Ch1, the traffic will continue to run on ChP, until switching
criteria
occurs on ChP. In this case the traffic will be switched back to
Ch1.
Switch Limit
Alternatives: LOWRF (Low transmitter output level)
EW (Early Warning)
LBER (Low Bit Error Rate)
HBER (High Bit Error Rate)
OOS (Sync Loss)
Active RX Channel RXINPUT (Low receiver input Level)

Alternatives: 1, P
Switch Channel Status (Freq. Div.)
Displays the Switch Channel status.

Function Buttons: Get Get Switch Channel Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence


Frequency
Note! Setting of frequency requires connection to Transceiver.

The Frequency page displays the frequency settings for all transceiver units in the same antenna direction.

To change the frequencies:


1 Select a frequency plan from the combo box. "Manual Channel Setting" can also be selected as an option.
2 Select bandwidth from the combo box.
3 For each channel, select frequencies:

3.1 Select a Tx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Rx channel will automatically be selected. Or;
3.2 Select an Rx frequency from the combo box. The corresponding Tx channel will automatically be selected.
Note! If "Manual Channel Setting" is selected in step 1, the Tx and Rx frequencies have to be typed in manually.

4 Click the "Set" button to set the new frequencies


Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Pull-down menu settings Selected plan Select the correct Frequency plan

Bandwidth Select the correct Bandwidth

Tx (MHz) Select Transmit frequency

Rx (MHz) Select Receive frequency


Backup
The Backup page is divided in 3 sub-pages: Miscellaneous, Download and Replace IFU Frame.
The Miscellaneous page contains the "Backup", "Restore" and "Upload" functions.
The Download page contains the "Download" Function.
The Replace IFU Frame page contains the "Replace SU Config Download" Function.

Description:
Backup Makes a backup file of the active configuration and stores this locally on the Network Element.

Restore Restores the configuration from a backup file stored locally on the Network Element

Upload Makes a backup file of the configuration and stores the file on your Personal computer or PC server.

Download Downloads a backup file to the element from your Personal computer or PC server.

Replace IFU Frame This function does the same operation as "Download". In addition a general time-limited license file is activated.
This function is used if the IFU Basic Frame is physically replaced. In this case a new license file must be
installed before the preliminary licence file expires.

Tip! It is recommended to take a backup as well as an Upload to your Personal computer or PC server, when
the system has been configured or reconfigured.

Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.


Miscellanous

Function Buttons: Upload Upload the configuration from the NE to your local computer as a safety copy

Backup Make a backup file (locally on the NE) of the current configuration.

Restore Restore the configuration from a previously generated backup file


Download

Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE

Download Download the selected configuration file to the NE


Replace IFU Frame
This function is used when a faulty IFU Basic Frame is physically replaced by a new one. The configuration must have been uploaded from the replaced IFU Frame, using the configuration upload
feature under the Miscellaneous tab.

The configuration from the replaced IFU Basic Frame will be downloaded to the new unit. In addition the licenses from the replaced IFU Basic Frame will be temporary enabled for a maximum period of
90 days in addition to any existing licenses on the new IFU Basic Frame. These temporary licenses can be used while ordering new license keys from Nera.

Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for a configuration file to download to the NE

Download Downloads the selected configuration file to the NE and replaces the current NE configuration file
Software
The Software page is divided in 2 sub-pages: SW Versions and SW Download. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.
Software Versions
When new software is downloaded to the element it will initially be set in inactive state (Active no).
Click the "Switch software" button to swap the Software Package. The system will perform a warm start when software is swapped.

Note! If only one software package is present on the Network Element, only one table will be visible in "Overview" in the screenshot above.
Function Buttons: Switch Software Swap between the two available software packages.

Reset Software Performs a warm reset of the NE software

Note! Bit error may occur when software packages are switched.

Note! It is recommended that you clear the file cache in your web browser after a software switch. The reason for this is to make sure that the browser receives the correct files.

Complete state
If all the required files are present and the checksum is OK, the software package is in Complete state.
Compatible state
Each software package contain a list of hardware compatibility requirements. This consists of a list of hardware modules with an accompanying version range. If all the detected modules in the system
are found in this list, and their versions fall within the specified ranges, the software package is compatible.
Software Download
A software release generally consists of several ".tar" files. When a new software version is downloaded to the NE, it is recommended to start with the ".tar" file with the lowest number (e.g. "SW-
EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_1.tar" and then "SW-EVOULUTION-APP-R1A00_2.tar" etc). Follow the instructions on the screen.
If there is an inactive software package on the NE already, this software package will be overwritten.
Dependent on the system configuration it is not always necessary to download all ".tar" files in the actual software release. After downloading the first file, you will be prompted for the next file to
download, if required. When all required files are downloaded, the following message will be displayed:

The software was downloaded successfully and is now in complete state.

The downloaded software is still inactive. Activation of new software is performed from the "SW Versions" page.
Function Buttons: Browse Browse your local computer for "Tar" files to download to the NE

Download Downloads the selected "Tar" file and builds software hierarchy on the NE
Element
The Element page is divided in 6 sub-pages: Licenses, Time and SNTP, SNMP, Web and Unconfigured Boards. Click on the page tabs to explore the individual functionality.
Licenses
A traffic license is be required to enable ethernet traffic on the equipment.
The License Key is a 40 character alpha numeric string.

Available license types:


EVLIC-ETHERMAP Fast Ethernet traffic.

Input field: License Key Type in the License Key


Function Button: Apply Apply License Key
Time and SNTP
A real-time clock is used by the NE to set timestamps on alarm and security events. This clock is also used for managing the collection and calculation of performance measurements.

The system also provides SNTP functionality for syncronization of all clocks in the network. This function requires an SNTP server, either locally or on the internet (requires internet connection).

This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP not selected.
Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP Configuration Set Click this button when the SNTP button has been unchecked, for returning to
"Manual time setting"

Manual time setting Set Set time

Synchronize with computer Set Synchronizes the NE time setting with the local computer clock

Check Box: SNTP enabled Open SNTP setup

Pull down Menus: Manual Time Setting Date: yyyy-mm-dd


Time: hh:mm:ss
This screenshot shows the Time and SNTP page with SNTP selected.
Function Buttons: Time Status Get Get Time Status

SNTP Configuration Set Setting of SNTP parameters

Check Box: SNTP enabled Enables SNTP when the "Set" button is pushed. The SNTP server's IP address
must be entered

Input Field: SNTP Server's IP-address Input the IP address to the SNTP server

Pull down Menus: Threshold-level for stratum alarm The stratum level indicates the accuracy of the SNTP server clock. Highest
accuracy is level 1.
Alternatives: 1 to 15. Default value 2.

Tip! If stratum alarm occurs frequently, the threshold-level should be set


to lower accuracy (higher number). This will not influence the equipment
performance.

Determins the intervals between each clock update.


Poll Interval (seconds) Alternatives: 64 to 1024.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an application layer protocol that facilitates the exchange of management information between network devices. SNMP enables network administrators to manage network
performance and find and solve network problems.
SNMP is a simple request/response protocol. The network-management system issues a request, and managed devices return responses.

Definitions
Community Strings
Private Assigns a password for read only queries

Public Assigns a password for read/write queries

SNMP Traps
IP Address The IP address to the SNMP server

Trap Community String Either the Private or Public Community String Password

Trap Port The port number to send the SNMP trap to


Function Buttons: Set Set Community Strings

Add Add Trap

Edit Edit Trap

Remove Remove Trap


WEB
Function Button: Set Accept the changes

Check Boxes: Global Polling System wide status poll. Enable/Disable background status polling for all web pages
containing status information. You have the opportunity to override this setting. The
overridden setting will only occur in the page where you override the settings and only
last as long as the page is active. Default : OFF

Alarm Polling System wide alarm poll setting. Will display the highest alarm severity in the system,
on the bottom of the page. Default: OFF

Housekeeping Polling System wide configuration polling. Will give notification if the system configuration
has been changed. Default: OFF

Note! Poll settings are not persistent across sessions, i.e. when the browser window is closed the poll settings will go back to their defaults.
Unconfigured Boards
A list of any unconfigured boards and units.
Men At Work

Function Button: RAISE/CLEAR Toggle "Men at Work" alarm in event log


Routing
The Routing page is divided in 7 sub-pages: General Settings, Active Routes, Static Routes, RIP Interfaces, OSPF Interfaces, OSPF Areas and Virtual Links. Click on the page tabs to explore
the individual functionality.
General Settings
The general settings page allows the user to control the general use of the OSPF and RIP 1 and 2 protocols for the NE. Enabling of protocols on specific interfaces are performed in the Rip Interfaces
and OSPF Interfaces property pages.
Function Button: Set Accept the changes

Check OSPF Protocol Enable Enable or disable the OSPF routing protocol
Boxes:
Redistribute Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to OSPF as
AS external routes. Enabling any of these will turn the router into an
Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR)

Rip Controls redistribution of routes from RIP to OSPF.

Static Controls redistribution of static routes to OSPF

RIP Protocol Enable Enable or disable the RIP routing protocol.


Redistribute Configuration of route redistribution from other protocols to RIP.
OSPF Controls redistribution of routes from OSPF to RIP.
Static Controls redistribution of static routes to RIP.

Input Fields: OSPF Protocol Default Cost Setting of default cost value used for OSPF protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the OSPF protocol to pass the routing
information of other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the
current NE must have both protocols enabled.
RIP Protocol Default Metric
Setting of default metric value used for RIP protocol.
The "Redistribute" options allow the RIP protocol to pass the routing
information of other routing protocols.
For information to be passed between the OSPF and RIP protocols, the
current NE must have both protocols enabled.

List: IP Configurable Interfaces List of interfaces available on the current NE for the OSPF and RIP
protocols (IP enabled interfaces)
Interfaces may be enabled for IP in the Communication Ports page for the
specific interface (e.g. NI interface on Metro).
Active Routes
This is a list of currently active routes in the routing table. These are the routes that IP forwarding is based on. Inactive routes are not shown.

Destination: The destination of the route.


Gateway: The gateway of the route.
Subnet mask: The subnet mask of the route.
Interface: The name of the interface associated with this route.
Protocol: The protocol that this route was learnt from.
Static Routes
Edit static routes regarding IP Routing using this page.
Function Button: Add Add a static route

Delete Delete selected static route

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Gateway interface if specified. Default “Any” interface

Metric The route metric. Possible values: 0-15

Input Fields: Destination Route destination in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The IP address must be valid for the given subnet mask.

Gateway Route gateway in “x.x.x.x” notation if needed. Note! Gateway must be present if interface is set
to “Any”.

Subnet mask Route subnet mask in “x.x.x.x” notation


Note! The subnet mask must be continuous.
RIP Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run RIP on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the "RIP areas" settings, the RIP protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run RIP on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running RIP

Delete Remove RIP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@
#

Metric The metric associated with the interface. Possible values: 0-16

RIP Version The version of RIP to run on an interface. (RIP v. 1 or RIP v. 2). Alternatives: 1, 2
Note! When running RIP v.1 on an interface, limitations in the RIP v.1 protocol will restrict
which routes may be announced through this interface
OSPF Interfaces
This configures which interfaces to run OSPF on and the parameters used for each interface.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Button: Add Add an Interface to run OSPF on

Edit Change configuration for an interface running OSPF

Delete Remove OSFP configuration form an interface

Set Apply the setting

Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Interface Id The name of the interface being configured. Select between the alternatives: Io#, eth#, DIR0@
#

Area The ID of the area associated with this interface

Input Fields: Cost The associated cost of this interface

Transmit delay The estimated transmit delay through this interface in seconds
- Default value is 1 second.
- Possible values: 1 - 65535.

Designated Router Priority Indicates the current NE’s reliability as a designated router (DR).
Higher values = higher reliability.
- 0 = cannot be DR.
- Possible values: 0 - 255.

Retransmit Interval

Hello Interval The interval between OSPF hello packets on this interface.

Router Dead Interval The time before declaring a link down in the absence of hello packets
OSPF Areas
This configures OSPF areas for this router.
Note! In order to edit the ‘OSPF areas’ settings, the OSPF protocol must be disabled in the General Settings page.
Function Buttons
OSPF Areas: Add Add an OSPF area
Edit Change configuration for an OSPF area
Delete Remove OSFP area configuration

Networks Add Add Network

Add/Edit OSPF area Set Apply the setting


Cancel Discard changes

Add Networks Set Apply the setting


Cancel Discard changes

Input Fields: Area Id The ID of the area. Either in “x.x.x.x” notation or plain number

Stub Area Configures this area as “stub area”

Default Cost Sets the default cost for this area. Possible values: 0-65535
Virtual Links
This configures OSPF virtual links for this router.
Function Buttons: Add Add a OSPF virtual link

Delete Remove OSFP virtual link configuration

Set Apply the setting


Cancel Discard changes

Pull Down Menus: Transit area The ID of the area to use as transit area for the link

State Not in use

Input Field: Router Id The ID of the backbone router on the other end of the link
Network
Setting of Interface IP address
Function Buttons: Set Accept changes

Menu choises eth0 Setting of IP address for Network Element

DIR0@1 Setting of IP address for DCC channel.


The DCC channel has a capacity of 256kb/s and is used for communication betwen
elements over the radio hop.
RIU
Set up and configuration of the Radio Interface Unit. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are displayed.
RIU, Inventory
List of RIU Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
RIU, BER Threshold
Setting of thresholds for Bit Error Rate alarms
Pull Down Menus: HBER Selection of High Bit Error Rate Threshold.
Alternatives: 1.0E-3, 1.0E-4, 1.0E-5, 1.0E-6 or SES (Severely Errored Seconds)

LBER Selection of Low Bit Error Rate Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-6, 1.0E-7, 1.0E-8 or 1.0E-9

Early Warning (EW) Selection of Early Warning Threshold.


Alternatives: 1.0E-9, 1.0E-10, 1.0E-11, 1.0E-12 or RPS optimized

Function Buttons Set Setting of Bit Error Rate Parameters

Check Box: Insert AIS on HBER Insert AIS signal if HBER occurs
RIU, Looping
One loop can be activated on the RIU.

Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this RIU will be interrupted.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
FAN
Displays the Fan status.
Fan 1 is the fan nearest to the Front Panel.
Fan 1 and 2 are used for temperature control of the Plug-in Units.
Fan 3 is used for temperature control of the Motherboard.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Fan Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Fan Unit are displayed.
Function Buttons: Get Get the current Fan status

Start Polling Starts polling the Fan status

Stop Polling Stops polling the Fan status


Line Interface E1/T1
The Line interface comes in four versions; 4xE1, 4xT1, 16xE1 and 16xT1.
Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Line Interface highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Line Interface are displayed.

E1 (ETSI)
T1 (ANSI)
Line Interface E1/T1, Ports
The Line interface comes in four versions; 4xE1, 4xT1, 16xE1 and 16xT1.
The screenshots for 16xE1 and 16xT1 are shown below.

All ports can be enabled / disabled individually.

E1
T1

Function Buttons: Get Get Port Status

Set Set parameters for actual port

Enable All Ports Enables all ports

Disable All Ports Disables all ports


Line Interface E1/T1, Looping
Two for loops can be activated for each Port (Near end and Far end).

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active one each port at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Line Interface E1/T1, PRBS

A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the Ports.
The Line Interface contains one PRBS Generator and two Checkers. Only one Checker is active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will automatically be disabled.
A red arrow in the diagram indicates an active Generator. A green arrow is an active Checker.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the actual port will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side.


Note! A near end loop must be activated.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Note! A far end loop must be activated.
Function Buttons: Generator Set Setting of Generator parameters

Checker Set Setting of Checker parameters

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Port The port where the PRBS signal is to be inserted. Alternatives: 1 to 16.

Generator Pattern Signal pattern selection

Checker Pattern Ssignal pattern selection

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


Fast Ethernet
Set up and configuration of Fast Ethernet. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the Fast Ethernet Interface highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the Fast Ethernet Interface are
displayed.
Ethernet
The Ethernet ports (Port3 and Port 4), can be configured as 10/100 Base-T (half or full duplex).
Note! Ethernet capacity must be allocated in Housekeeping.
Function Buttons: Set Set selected parameters

Get Get Ethernet link status

Start Polling Start Ethernet link status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Ethernet link status Polling

Check Boxes: Flow control Enable/Disable Flow control for the Ethernet Ports.

Enable Ports Enable/Disable the Ethernet Ports.

Link loss forwarding Enable/Disable Link loss forwarding.


See description below

Pull Down Menus: Link speed and duplex Auto, 10/100 Half/Full Duplex

MAC address aging timeout Selectable: OFF, ON-5min or ON-16sec


Link Loss Forwarding (LLF)
With this function enabled, a loss of signal on one Network Element (e.g. cable failure/unplugged) will be detected on the corresponding Network Element and shut down this Ethernet port.

Note! Link Loss Forwarding must be enabled on both corresponding Network Elements

In the figure below, an Ethernet link loss will be detected on NE2. A LLF signal will be sent to NE1 and the Ethernet port will be shut down.

In the figure below, a loss of signal will be detected on both Network Elements and the Ethernet ports will be shut down.

The LLF function is specially useful in ring protected systems.


In the example below, a cable is broken between Router B and NE2. Link Loss failure will be detected on NE1 and transmission shut down.
The Ethernet traffic between Router A and B will be routed via NE3 and NE4.

Note! If the Ethernet ports are forced down due to signal loss (LLF enabled), application of a traffic loop on one of the NEs may result in unwanted activation of the Ethernet ports on the NE in
question as well as on the corresponding NE. If it is required that the Ethernet ports stay disabled, the ports must be manually disabled on the NEs or on the periferal equipment.
GFP
Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Layer 2 encapsulation scheme for Ethernet data traffic.

Function Buttons: Reset Reset GFP status

Get Get GFP status

Start Polling Start GFP status Polling


Stop Polling Stop GFP status Polling
Looping

Note! When a loop is activated, Ethernet traffic will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
64kb/s Serial Channel
Set up and configuration of the 64kb/s Serial Channel. Click on the different sub page tabs for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the 64kb/s Serial Channel highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the 64kb/s Serial Channel are
displayed.
64kb/s Serial Channel, Looping
Two loops can be activated on the 64kb/s Serial Channel. One near end loop and one far end loop.

Note! When a loop is activated, traffic on the 64kb/s Serial Channel will be interrupted.

Before activating a loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.


The loop is activated by clicking the actual arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Only one loop can be active at the time. The active loop must be deactivated, before the other loop can be activated.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
64kb/s Serial Channel, PRBS

A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic to test the 64kb/s Serial Channel.
The 64kb/s Serial Channel contains two PRBS Generators and two Checkers. Only one Generator and one Checker are active at the time. When one checker is enabled, by clicking the arrow in the block diagram, the other will
automatically be disabled.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.
Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic on the 64kb/s Serial Channel will be interrupted.

Activate the uppermost Checker, to test the Customer Interface side of the 64kb/s Serial Channel.
Note! A loop must be activated at the Customer interface side.

Activate the rightmost Checker, to test the IFU Basic Frame interface side of the 64kb/s Serial Channel.
Note! A loop must be activated at the IFU Basic Frame interface side.
Function Buttons: Active Generator Set Sets parameters on the active generator.

Active Checker Set Sets parameters on the active checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Active Checker Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.


Get Gets Error Status
Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Active Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern.

Active Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern.

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


64kb/s Serial Channel, G.703
The 64kb/s Serial channel uses the NOH (Nera Overhead) channel, byte 2.
IFU Basic Frame
Set up and configuration of the IFU Basic Frame. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the IFU Basic Frame highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the IFU Basic Frame are displayed.
IFU Basic Frame, Inventory
List of IFU Basic Frame Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
IFU Basic Frame, Analogues
This page gives the status of the IFU Basic Frame voltage levels.
NROP0 PRBS
A PRBS signal can be inserted instead of the regular traffic for test purposes.

The Generator is started by clicking the Generator arrow in the block diagram. The arrow turns red.

Note! When the Generator is activated, traffic will be interrupted.


Function Buttons: Set Generator Sets parameters on the generator.

Set Checker Sets parameters on the checker.

Single Bit Error Inserts a single error bit in the Signal Frame. This is a helpful feature to check
the system (check that the total errors are increased by one when this button is
pushed).

Reset Resets the error counting on the Checker.

Get Gets Error Status


Start Polling Starts Error polling.
Stop Polling Stop Error Polling

Pull Down Menus: Generator Pattern Setting of signal pattern.

Checker Pattern Setting of signal pattern.

Check Boxes Generator Inverted Inverts the Generator signal

Checker Inverted Inverts the Checker signal


Transceiver
Set up and configuration of the Transceiver. Click on the different sub pages for more information.

If Configuration, Fault or Performance are selected from the Menu bar, with the RIU Unit highlighted, the Configuration, Fault or Performance data for the RIU Unit are displayed.
Transceiver, Inventory
List of Transceiver Inventory including Software versions, Serial Number Article Code and Revision.

Input Field: Log Log available for user defined text input

Function Button: Set Log Saves the text entries to the Log
Transceiver, Power
The Transceiver provides a set of RF power control functions:

RF input alarm thresholds can be set such that an alarm is raised when the input level exceeds the upper or lower limits.
ATPC (Automatic Transmit Power Control) is a function for effectively reducing the interference probability in the network. When ATPC is enabled, the output power from the transmitter is
automatically controlled. The "ATPC" alarm is generated if ATPC stops functioning. Note that ATPC must be available on both sides of the hop in order to be used. The table "Recommended
ATPC Input Reference Level" gives the correct ATPC Input Reference Level as a function of payload, channel spacing and radio frequency.
If ATPC is not enabled, the transmitted output level can be set (MTPC). The transmitter can also be muted.

Note! In XPIC configurations it is highly recommended that the ATPC function is enabled.

The values in the example below are typical and will vary according to the calculated values from the system propagation.
Input Field: MTPC
Output Level ATPC is disabled and constant manual output level is selected.
ATPC Output level is automatically adjusted according to the specified ATPC settings.
Input Reference Level -The desired input level. If ATPC is enabled on the remote transmitter, the remote
transmitter will regulate its output power such that the received input level at this
receiver is equal to the reference level.
See table below for recommended Input Reference Level.
Max. Output Level -The Transmitters maximum output level (dBm)
Default Output Level -The Transmitters default output level (dBm). The output power to be used if ATPC
regulation loop fails (The "ATPC" alarm is raised).
Check Boxes: MTPC Manual Transmit Power Control mode

ATPC Automatic Transmit Power Control mode

Mute Output Power When checked the Output power is muted

ATPC Lower Limit for Mask Enable Enable the ATPC Lower Limit if the output power is required to comply with
the mask defined for the equipment also when operating in ATPC mode.
The limit used is the same as the minimum available MTPC output power.

Function Button: Apply Apply settings

Recommended ATPC Input Reference Level


Typical Channel Recommended ATPC "Input Reference Level"
Payload Spacing (MHz) L6GHz U6GHz 7GHz 8GHz 10GHz 11GHz 13GHz 15GHz 18GHz 23GHz 26GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz
STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 (ACAP) -52 -51 -52 -52 -51 -52 -50 -50 -49 -49 -49 -48 -48 -47
STM-1 / 75 x 1 27.5 - 30 -51 -50 -51 -51 -50 -51 -49 -49 -48 -48 -48 -47 -47 -46
STM-1 / 75 x 1 40 -54 -54 -54 -54 -53 -54 -53 -53 -52 -52 -52 -51 -50 -50
STM-1 / 75 x 1 50 - 56 -59 -58 -59 -59 -58 -59 -56 -56 -55 -55 -54 -53 -53 -53
40 x E1 27.5 - 30 -61 -61 -61 -61 -60 -61 -60 -60 -59 -59 -58 -57 -57 -55
50 x E1 27.5 - 30 -60 -59 -60 -60 -59 -60 -58 -58 -57 -57 -55 -54 -54 -54
20 x E1 13.75 - 15 -64 -63 -64 -64 -63 -64 -62 -62 -61 -61 -61 -60 -60 -59
Transceiver, Analogues
List of analogue levels
Transceiver, Remote Muting

Note! When Remote Muting is activated, traffic will be broken.

Before activating the Remote Muting, the Time Out Value must be selected.

Check Box: Mute Remote Output Power Mutes the remote corresponding Transceiver Output
Function Buttons: Apply Apply settings

Get Get Status

Start Polling Start Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Transceiver, Looping

Note! When the loop is activated, traffic on this Transceiver will be interrupted.

Before activating the loop, the Time Out Value must be selected.
The loop is activated by clicking the arrow and the symbol will turn red.
Function Buttons: Get Get Loop Status

Start Polling Start Loop Status Polling

Stop Polling Stop Loop Status Polling

Pull Down Menus: Time Out Value Setting of loop Time Out values; Week, Day, Hour, Min, Sec
Fault
In the Fault menu the alarm status can be monitored.

Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of alarm data:

Current alarm status and historical alarm information can be collected from the network element and presented in different user interfaces.
Historical alarm data can be logged into a database system.

Alarm information can be gathered by two different methods:

Polling: Regularly requests alarm update information from the NE.


Get: Get the current alarm status

Colours and symbols are used to indicate the alarm severity of the network element. Each alarm severity class has a corresponding colour and symbol.

Note! If you from the Fault menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the Fault status for that particular Unit is displayed.

Click on the sub-menues to explore the functionality.


Active
Displays a list of all active alarms.

Note! If you from the Active menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the active alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Clear Filters Clears the filter settings.


Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Blocked Alarms View Blocked alarms.

Get Get Alarm Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


All
Displays a list of all alarms.

Note! If you from the All menu click one of the IFU Frame Units, the alarm status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter alarm list according to selections.

Clear Filters Clears the filter settings.

Set Severity Accept selected severity level on selected alarms.

Block Block alarms that are checked in the list above.

Blocked Alarms View Blocked alarms.

Get Get Alarm Status


Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continu until Stop Polling is selected
Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence
Print Table Send the Alarm List to your default printer.

Check Boxes: Alarm Select Select alarms to be blocked

Pull Down Menues Alarm Filter; Physical Position Select all or alarms from a specific unit

Alarm Filter; Severity Filter alarms according to severity level.

Alarm Filter; State Filter alarms according to alarm state

Severity Select severity level for selected alarms


Event Log
The Event Log is a log that displays all events on the Network Element.
Function Button: Set Mode Accept selected Log Mode

Remove Entries Specify the number of entries to be removed from the Events Log

Purge Log Clears the Event Log table


Print Table Prints the Event Log on a local printer

Pull Down Menu Log Mode Select Log Mode. Alternatives: Wrap when full or Halt when full. Note! If "Halt when full" is
selected, new events will not be logged when Event log is full.

Input Fields: Entries Type in the entry number to be deleted from the Events list
Performance
Different functions are provided for acquisition, presentation and storage of performance data. Cumulative measurements, Registers (15Min, Day and Month) and Thresholds can be selected from the
sub-menu.

Note! If you from the Performance menu click one of the IFU Frame units, the Performance status for that particular Unit is displayed.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Registers
Displays periodic Measurements. Period measurements are measurements cumulated over a predefined period of time (15 minutes, 24 hours and 1month). The start times of these measurements
are also predefined:

15Min measurements start at h:00:00, h:15:00, h:30:00 and h:45:00, where h denotes hour.
24Hour measurements start at each midnight (00:00:00).
Month measurements start at midnight at each month transition.

Note that the NE is using GMT time, such that the measurement start time is relative to GMT time and not to your PC’s local time.

For 15Min measurements the NE keeps the 16 latest periods. For 24Hour and Month measurements only the latest period is kept.
Note that the running performance measurements will be reset due to a SW restart on the corresponding board/unit. E.g. restarting a Line Interface Unit will reset all periodic measurements on that unit.
Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
G.826 15 Min
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Positio Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
G.826 Day
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
G.826 Month
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
EC 15 Min
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
EC Day
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
EC Month
Error Count. Counts errors within the designated time cycle.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Cumulative
Cumulative measurements are counting the number of errors since the last counter reset. These counters can be manually reset, and will also be reset by a SW Restart of the corresponding unit.
G.826
G.826: ITU-T Recommendation defines standardized performance measurements.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
RPS Radio Protection Switching.
PSRC: Protection Switch Request Count. Counts the number of switch requests. A switch request is an activation
of switch initiation criteria that may lead to automatic switches.
PSAC: Protection Switch Actual Count. Counts the number of actual switches for a regular channel to protection.
PSAD: Protection Switch Actual Duration. The number of one second periods in which a channel is actually
switched for at least a fraction of that second.
PSRSAD: Protection Switch Request Service Affecting Duration. The number of one second periods in which, at
least for fraction of that second, a protection switch request is active on a channel carrying regular traffic
and the request cannot be serviced.
Error Count
Counts errors comulatively.
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to selections.

Reset Resets selected Errors

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.

Get Get Error Status

Start Polling Start the polling function. The polling sequence will continue until Stop Polling is selected

Stop Polling Stops Polling sequence

Check Boxes: Error Select Select errors to be reset

Pull Down Menues Filter; Physical Position Select all or errors from a specific unit

Filter; Source Filter errors according to type

Definitions
Physical Pos Physical position of the unit where the performance measurements are performed

Logical Pos Localisation of the unit w.r.t traffic direction

Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.

RPS Radio Protection Switching.


PSRC: Protection Switch Request Count. Counts the number of switch requests. A switch request is an activation
of switch initiation criteria that may lead to automatic switches.
PSAC: Protection Switch Actual Count. Counts the number of actual switches for a regular channel to protection.
PSAD: Protection Switch Actual Duration. The number of one second periods in which a channel is actually
switched for at least a fraction of that second.
PSRSAD: Protection Switch Request Service Affecting Duration. The number of one second periods in which, at
least for fraction of that second, a protection switch request is active on a channel carrying regular traffic
and the request cannot be serviced.
Threshold
Thresholds can be configured such that alarms are generated when performance measurements exceed the specified limits. Note that performance measurements are evaluated continuously through
the measurement period, and an alarm is raised immediately when the threshold value is exceeded. An active performance threshold alarm is not cleared before a measurement period has completed
with a measurement value less than the corresponding threshold.

Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.

Print Table Send the Error List to your default printer.


Pull Down Menu Filter; Source Select source

Definitions
Source PDH PARITY

Reg The sequence number of the performance register. Register 0 is the running measurement, register 1 is the latest
completed measurement, …, register 16 is the oldest completed measurement.

SES Severely Errored Seconds


The number of one-second periods which contain > 30% errored blocks or at least one Severely Disturbed Period
(SDP). A SDP is a period where Loss Of Signal (LOS) or Loss Of Frame (LOF) has been detected. SES is a
subset of ES.

UAS UnAvailable Seconds


The number of UnAvailable Seconds. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive SES
events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new period of available time
begins at the onset of ten consecutive non-SES events. These 10 seconds are considered to be part of available
time.

BBE Background Block Errors


The number of Background Block Errors. An errored block not occurring as part of an SES.

ES Errored Seconds
The number of one second periods with one or more errored blocks.

OOF Out Of Frame.


Seconds: The number of one-second periods with one or more OOF events.
Pulses: The number of OOF events detected.
Analog
Displays transceiver input and output levels. Both numerically and graphically (cumulative or as a function of time)
Function Buttons: Apply Filter Filter Error list according to Source selection.

Cumulative, Display Displays a graph showing cumulative measurements of the RF input and RF output
levels since last reset (clear).

Cumulative, Clear Resets the Cumulative measurement graph.

Time Series, Display Displays a graph showing the RF input and RF output levels as a function of time.
Only the last 15 minutes are shown. A total of 2 time series can be active
simultaneously.

Time Series, Start/Stop Starts/Stops the time series registration.

Pull Down Menu Physical Position Select all or readings from a specific ODU

Filter; Source Select source

Cumulative Plot, RF Input Level


Cumulative Plot, RF Output Level
Time Series Plot, RF Input Level
Time Series Plot, RF Output Level
Security
The Security Manager Module handles the user administration for the Evolution system. This module maintains the database of all the available users in the system and provides interface
for accessing the system. Based on the privilege level, each user shall be provided with the necessary access permission to interact with the system.
Dependent on the user privileges, different pages in the Security Session are visible (see table below the screenshot).
User privileges
ADMIN User Administration
User Sessions
Change Password
Security Settings
Log

PASSIVE Change Password


User Sessions
ACTIVE Change Password
User Sessions
MASTER Change Password
User Sessions
User Administration
In order to add or remove users, admin privileges are required.
A maximum of 20 users can be registered in the database.
10 users can be logged in simultaneously.
The user will be put in quarantine after 5 consecutive unsuccessful log in attempts. The quarantine will last for 60 minutes.
Function Buttons: Add User Add New User

Remove User
Remove selected User

Check Boxes: User Select Select User to be removed

Add user
When "Add User" button is pushed, the following dialogue appears:

User name 4-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 not case sensitive)

Password 8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive)


Privilege
Passive: System monitoring
Active: Communication settings and data collection
Master: All commands including software download
Admin: All commands incl. software download and administration of user accounts
Status "Permanent User", "Temporary User"
Active period (For Temporary Users) 1-100 days

Remove User
Click the Check box for the actual User and push the "Remove User" Button.
User Sessions
List of all in-logged Users
Change Password

Warning! When admin password is changed from default (admin); it is not possible for Nera Networks to revert to the old password or provide a new one.
Function Button: Save Saves the new password

Input Fields: Current Password Type in current password

New Password Type in new password (8-32 characters alphanumeric (A-Z, a-z, 0-9 case sensitive))

Re-type new password Re-type new password


Security Settings
Setting of IP range. When enabled only terminals within the IP Range will have access to the NE

Function Button: Save Saves the IP Range

Input Fields: Min. IP address Type in min. IP address

Max. IP address Type in max. IP address


Check Box: Enable IP Range When this box is checked, only IP addresses within the range can access the NE.
Log
Log of all security operations on the NE. Maximum events: 1000. Clear the list by pushing the "Purge Log" button.

Function Button: Purge Log Clears the Security Log