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# Newtonian Dynamics:

2) A girl attaches a rock to a string, which she then swings counter-clockwise in a horizontal
circle. The string breaks at point P in the figure, which shows a bird's-eye view (as seen from
above). Which path (A-E) will the rock follow?
A) Path A
B) Path B
C) Path C
D) Path D
E) Path E

6) An object is moving with constant non-zero velocity. Which of the following statements about
it must be true?
A) A constant force is being applied to it in the direction of motion.
B) The net force on the object is zero.
C) Its acceleration is in the same direction as it velocity.
D) A constant force is being applied to it in the direction opposite of motion.
E) A constant force is being applied to it perpendicular to the direction of motion.

10) Inside of a train a ball of weight W is hanging by a light wire at rest from the ceiling. The
wire makes an angle θ with the ceiling, as shown in the figure. Which one of the following
conditions must be true about the tension T in the wire?
A) T tanθ =W
B) T cos θ =W
C) T =ma
D) T =W
E) T sin θ =W

12) A push of magnitude P acts on a box of weight W as shown in the figure. The push is
directed at an angle θ below the horizontal, and the box remains a rest. The box rests on a
horizontal surface that has some friction with the box. The normal force on the box due to the
floor is equal to
A) W + P sin θ.
B) W+P cos θ.
C) W-P sin θ.
D) W.
E) W+P.

Momentum:
1) A rubber ball and a lump of clay have equal mass. They are thrown with equal speed against a
wall. The ball bounces back with nearly the same speed with which it hit. The clay sticks to the
wall. Which one of these objects experiences the greater momentum change?
A) the ball
B) the clay
C) Both of them experience the same non-zero momentum change.
D) Both of them experience zero momentum change.
6) A small car meshes with a large truck in a head-on collision. Which of the following
statements concerning the magnitude of the momentum change during the collision is correct?
(There could be more than one correct choice.)
A) The magnitude of the momentum change experienced by each one is directly proportional to
its mass.
B) The truck experiences the greater magnitude momentum change.
C) The small car and the truck experience the same magnitude momentum change.
D) The magnitude of the momentum change experienced by each one is inversely proportional to
its mass.
E) The small car experiences the greater magnitude momentum change.

8) Three cars, car X, car Y, and car Z, begin accelerating from rest at the same time. Car X is
more massive than car Y, which is more massive than car Z. The net accelerating force exerted
on each car is identical. After 10 seconds, which car has the most amount of momentum?
A) They all have the same amount of momentum.
B) Car X
C) Car Y
D) Car Z

10) A very light ping-pong ball moving east at a speed of 4 m/s collides with a very heavy
stationary bowling ball. The Ping-Pong ball bounces back to the west, and the bowling ball
moves very slowly to the east. Which object experiences the greater magnitude impulse during
the collision?
A) the bowling ball
B) the Ping-Pong ball
C) Neither; both experienced the same magnitude impulse.
D) It is impossible to tell since the actual mass values are not given.
E) It is impossible to tell since the velocities after the collision are unknown.

11) A person sits on a freely spinning lab stool that has no friction in its axle. When this person
extends her arms,
A) her moment of inertia increases and her angular speed decreases.
B) her moment of inertia increases and her angular speed increases.
C) her moment of inertia decreases and her angular speed decreases.
D) her moment of inertia increases and her angular speed remains the same.
E) her moment of inertia decreases and her angular speed increases.

12) A merry-go-round spins freely when Diego moves quickly to the center along a radius of the
merry-go-round. As he does this, it is true to say that
A) the moment of inertia of the system increases and the angular speed increases.
B) the moment of inertia of the system decreases and the angular speed decreases.
C) the moment of inertia of the system decreases and the angular speed remains the same.
D) the moment of inertia of the system increases and the angular speed decreases.
E) the moment of inertia of the system decreases and the angular speed increases.
14) Two friends are standing on opposite ends of a canoe that is initially at rest with respect to a
frictionless lake. The person in the front throws a very massive ball toward the back, and the
person in the back catches it. After the ball is caught, the canoe is
A) moving forward.
B) stationary.
C) moving backward.

Fluid Dynamics:
3) The water pressure to an apartment is increased by the water company. The water enters the
apartment through an entrance valve at the front of the apartment. Where will the increase in the
static water pressure be greatest when no water is flowing in the system?
A) at a faucet close to the entrance valve
B) at a faucet far from the entrance valve
C) It will be the same at all faucets.
D) There will be no increase in the pressure at the faucets.

4) A wooden block contains some nails so that its density is exactly equal to that of water. If it is
placed in a tank of water and released from rest when it is completely submerged, it will
A) remain where it is released.
B) rise to the surface.
C) sink to the bottom.

7) When you blow some air above a paper strip, the paper rises. This happens because
A) the air above the paper moves faster and the pressure is lower.
B) the air above the paper moves faster and the pressure remains constant.
C) the air above the paper moves slower and the pressure is lower.
D) the air above the paper moves faster and the pressure is higher.
E) the air above the paper moves slower and the pressure is higher.

9) Water flows through a pipe. The diameter of the pipe at point B is larger than at point A.
Where is the water pressure greatest?
A) at point A
B) at point B
C) It is the same at both A and B.

10) As a rock sinks deeper and deeper into water of constant density, what happens to the
buoyant force on it if it started above the surface of the water?
A) The buoyant force remains constant.
B) The buoyant force keeps increasing steadily.
C) The buoyant force steadily decreases.
D) The buoyant force first increases and then remains constant.