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REFERAT 3

WIND FETCH MODEL

Wind fetch is defined as the unobstructed distance that wind can travel over water in a constant
direction. Fetch is an important characteristic of open water because longer fetch can result in
larger wind-generated waves. The larger waves, in turn, can increase shoreline erosion and
sediment resuspension. Wind fetches in this model were calculated using scripts designed by
David Finlayson, U. S. Geological Survey, Pacific Science Center, while he was a Ph.D. student at
the University of Washington (Finlayson 2005). This method calculates effective fetch using the
recommended procedure of the Shore Protection Manual (USACE 1984). In Inland waters (bays,
rivers, lakes, and reservoirs), fetches are limited by land forms surrounding the body of water.
Fetches that are long in comparison to width are frequently found, and the fetch width may
become quite important, resulting in wave generation significantly lower than that expected from
the same generating conditions over more open waters (USACE 1977).