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Math 6 Unit 6 Study Guide — Statistics


Develop understanding of statistical variability.
MGSE6.SP.1 Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to
the question and accounts for it in the answers.
1. Describe how to identify a statistical question.
2. Which of the following is a statistical question? Explain your reasoning.
a. How tall is the governor of our state?
b. How many foreign countries have you visited?
c. What is the temperature right now?
d. What are the colors of the U.S. flag?
3. Which question is a statistical question that anticipates variability? Explain your reasoning.
a. What is my favorite animal to own?
b. What animals do students in my school own?
c. What is the most common animal that you see on a farm?
d. What is the animal owned the most by students in my school?

MGSE6.SP.2 Understand that a set of data collected to answer a statistical question has a
distribution which can be described by its center, spread, and overall shape.
4. The data display below represents the ages of Women and Men at Bingo Night.
Ages of Players at Bingo Night

Women

Me

72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88
Write a paragraph to describe what is represented in the data display.
90

You must use at least 3 of the following vocabulary words: center, spread, median, variation. Be sure to
underline the words used.
5. Data can have a variety of shapes. In a data set that is skewed, most of the data lies to one side or the other
side of the mean, rather than in the middle with the mean. Identify which type of data distribution is shown.

a) skewed right a) skewed right a) skewed right


b) normal b) normal b) symmetrical
c) skewed left c) skewed left c) skewed left
MGSE6.SP.3 Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values
with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number.
6. A measure of ________ for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number.
a) shape b) deviation c) symmetry d) center
7. Which of the following are considered measures of variability?
mean, interquartile range, median, mean absolute deviation, mode, range
8. Vladimir recorded the number of siblings (brothers and sisters) each of his classmates has in the dot plot
below.

Which of the following would be the best measure of center?


a) mean b) median c) interquartile range d) mean absolute deviation
9. Trey recorded the number of ounces of water he drank each day in the histogram below.

Which of the following would be the best measure of variability?


a) interquartile range b) mean c) mean absolute deviation d) median

Summarize and describe distributions.


MGSE6.SP.4 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box
plots.
10. Chantall recorded her bowling scores for the quarter in the table below.

Bowling Scores
120 98 125 111 117
106 101 118 90 123
124 96 103 115 127

If she makes a histogram with intervals of 90-99, 100-109, 110-119, and 120-129, what is the height of the bar
for the interval 120-129?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 5
11. Brandon recorded the weights in pounds of the fish caught while fishing with his uncle. His data is shown
below.
27, 34, 19, 8, 15, 32, 20, 24, 36, 30, 17
Make a dot plot to display the data.

12. Jordan’s test scores are 85, 90, 89. What does he need to score on his next test for his average to be a 90?
13. Adam recorded the number of flower blooms on each of his ten rose bushes.
9, 10, 4, 12, 15, 17, 18, 10, 12, 13
If he combined the number of blooms into one data set, which box plot correctly displays the data?
What is the median of the data set?
What percent of the data is ABOVE the median?
a) c)

b) d)

Use the graph below to answer questions 14-16


Number of Items Bought at the Grocery Store

25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70

14. What is the maximum value in the data set in the following data set?
15. What is the median of the data set?
16. What percent of the data is below 40?

MGSE6.SP.5a Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by…reporting the
number of observations.
17. Create a Stem-and-Leaf plot to represent the ages of people at the Senior Citizen Dance.
Data: 70, 92, 54, 64, 57, 81, 94, 67, 68, 57, 62

MGSE6.SP.5b Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by…describing the
nature of the attribute under investigation, including how it was measured and its units of
measurement.
18. The owner of an independent music store monitored CD sales over a period of day. The histogram shows the
results.

Explain the empty 80–90 interval.


MGSE6.SP.5c Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by…giving
quantitative measures of center (median and/or mean) and variability (interquartile range and/or mean
absolute deviation), as well as describing any overall pattern and any striking deviations from the
overall pattern with reference to the context in which the data was gathered.

19. Find the mean, median, and mode of the data represented in the dot plot.

20. (Math 67) The mean absolute deviation (MAD) of the data below is 6.4.
24, 19, 16, 33, 33
How much greater than the MAD is the interquartile range of the data?
a) 9.1 b) 11.1 c) 17.6 d) 26.6
21. The heights in inches of seven baseball players are listed below.
73, 74, 79, 88, 76, 84, 83
What is the interquartile range of the heights?
a) 10 b) 80 c) 15 d) 11

22. Explain which of the following points represents a striking deviation in the box plot above.

23. Ashley saved money every month last year. The table below shows how much money she saved each month.
Dollars Saved

Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Money Saved
96 38 162 65 178 112 57 143 135 104 88 22
(in dollars)

What is the mean absolute deviation of the amounts she saved?


a) 156 b) 18 c) 23 d) 39
24. Allan recorded the number of baseball cards that were traded at a local hobby store. Use the information to
find the following statistical measures.
 minimum value  lower quartile (Q1)
155 135 150 145 100  maximum value  upper quartile (Q3)
110 100 160 170 155  median  Interquartile range
MGSE6.SP.5d Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by…relating the
choice of measures of center and variability to the shape of the data distribution and the context in
which the data was gathered.

25. Examine the box-and-whisker plot below, which shows the length of fish (in centimeters) that were caught
one afternoon by a group of campers. Which statement about the data in the graph is true?

a. The range is 5.5 cm.


b. The third quartile is 2 cm greater than the first quartile.
c. The interquartile range is 4 cm.
d. The median length is 12 cm.