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NATURAL VEGETATION ZONES WATERBIRDS AND NEARSHORE BIRDS

Dabchick
Tachyboptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe
To 30 cm (12 in.)
Podiceps cristalUs
Also called little grebe.
To 50 cm (20 in.)
Jackass Penguin
Spheniscus demersus
To 70 cm (28 in.)
Breeds on islands off
south and west coast.

Red-billed Teal
Anas erythrarhyncha
Spur-winged To 50 cm (20 in.)
Goose The similar cape teal
Plectrapterus has a gray head.
gambensis
To 1 m (40 in.) White-faced Duck
Note pinkish knob Dendracygna viduata
on forehead. To 50 cm (20 in.)

Yellow-billed Duck
Anas undulata
To 58 cm (23 in.)
Broadleaf Forest Note dark saddle
African Pygmy
on yellow bill.
Mediterranean Red-cheeked Goose
Nettapus auritus Egyptian Goose
Grassland Cordon Bleu To 33 cm (13 in.) Alopochen aegyptiacus
To 75 cm (30 in.)
Savannah and/or Scrub Woodland
Note reddish patch
Semi-desert Grasses and Shrubs around orange eye.

Desert Grasses and Shrubs


Undifferentiated River Valley Vegetation
Undifferentiated Mountain Vegetation
No Vegetation
Great Cormorant
There are about 2900 species of birds found in Africa. This guide provides a Phalacrocorax carbo
simplified introduction to species that are familiar, widespread and/or unique to To 1 m (40 in.)
Africa. Most illustrations show the adult male in breeding coloration. Colors and Common in
Reed Cormorant northern Africa.
markings may be duller or absent during different seasons. Measurements refer to Phalacrocorax africanus
the length from bill to tail tip and are approximate. Illustrations are not to scale. To 50 cm (20 in.)
White-breasted
Waterford Press produces reference guides that introduce novices to travel, Note long tail
languages, science and nature. For a catalog, write to Waterford Press Ltd., and red eye. Cormorant
PO Box 4739, Blaine WA 9B231-4739. Publisher information and hundreds Phalacrocorax carbo
of free educational games can be downloaded from our website at: To 1 m (40 in.)
Red-billed
www.waterfordpress.com
Firefinch
Text and illustrationscopyright
e 2000 by Waterford PressLtd. ISBN 158355033- X $5.95 $7.95 Cdn
All rights reserved.
To order, call (800) 434-2555 50595 Sanderling
Calidris alba
For permissions, or to share comments, To 20 cm (8 in.)
e-mail: editor@vvatenordpress.com Runs in and out with
Ruddy Turnstone waves along shorelines.
For information on custom-published
Arenaria interpres Common Snipe
products, call (360) 332-7301.
Gallinago gallinago
To 25 cm (10 in.)
To 30 cm (12 in.)
9 781583 550335
Printed in China 001279 10 9 8 r 6 5 • 3 2 1
WATERBIRDS AND NEARSHORE BIRDS WATERBIRDS AND NEARSHORE BIRDS WATERBIRDS AND NEARSHORE BIRDS

Great White Pelican


Pelecanus onocro/alus Caspian Tern
To 1.7 m (5.5 ft.) African Black Crake Sterna caspia
The similar pink-backed Amaurornis flavirostris
To 60 cm (24 in.) African Jacana
pelican is smaller and To 20 cm (8 in.)
Little Egret Great Egret Greater Flamingo has a pinkish bill. Shoebill Note red legs and
Note stout bill and Actophilornis africana
Cattle Egret Ardea alba large size. To 30 cm (12 in.)
Egretta garzetta Phoenicopterus ruber Balaeniceps rex yellow bill.
Bubulcus ibis Long-toed swamp bird
To 65 cm (26 in.) To 95 cm (38 in.) To 1.5 m (5 ft.) To 1.2 m (4 ft.)
To 60 cm (24 in.) walks on the floating
Note black bill Bill is black during Note pink bill. The Inhabits swamps of
and yellow feet. breeding season. east and central Africa. leaves of waterplants.
smaller lesser flamingo
has a dark red bill.

Sacred Ibis
Threskiornis aethiopica Cape Gannet
To 90 cm (3 ft.) Common Moorhen Morus capensis
Gal/inula chloropus To 1 m (40 in.)
To 35 cm (14 in.) The similar northern
Gray Heron Note white stripe on flank. gannet occurs along Common Tern
Hadeda Ibis Sterna hirundo
Ardea cinerea Squacco Heron Bostrychia hagedash northern coasts.
Ardeola ral/oides African Spoonbill To 3B cm (15 in.)
To 95 cm (38 in.) To 90 cm (3 ft.)
To 40 cm (16 in.) Goliath Heron Platalea alba Note black cap and
Ardea goliath To 90 cm (3 ft.) Note red mark on bill and forked tail. Orange
White wings are white facial crescent. Call
conspicuous in flight. To 1.3 m (52 in.) Bill has a spoon- bill is black-tipped.
shaped tip. is a loud - ha-de-dah.
African Skimmer
Rynchops flavirostris
To 38 cm (15 in.)
Blue Crane Feeds by flying
Anthropoides paradisea with its lower bill
To 1.1 m (42 in.) Gray-headed Gull cutting the
Gray-crowned National bird of Larus cirrocephalus
water's surface.
Crane South Africa. To 45 cm (18 in.)
Balearica regulorum
To 1.1 m (42 in.)
Black-headed QUAIL, OSTRICH, ETC.
Black-crowned
Night-Heron Heron Marabou Stork
Nycticorax nycticorax
Hammerkop Ardea melanocephala
Scopus umbretta Leptoptilas crumeniferus
To 70 cm (28 in.) To 1 m (40 in.) To 1.5 m (5 ft.)
To 55 cm (22 in.)
Head is hammer-shaped. White Stork Scavenging bird
Ciconio ciconia competes with
To 1.2 m (4 ft.) vultures for carrion.

Crowned Plover
Vanel/us coronatus
1)
Three-banded
Plover
Blacksmith Plover
Vanel/us armatus
To 30 cm (12 in.)
Named for its call - klink,
klink - which sounds like
African Darter
Anhinga rufa
To 90 cm (3 ft.)
Found on inland
lakes and waterways.
Black-capped
Avocet
Recurvirostra
avosetta
To 45 cm (18 in.)
JP Helmeted
Guineafowl
Numida meleagris
Red-necked Francolin
Francolinus afer
To 35 cm (14 in.)
Note red on Ostrich
To 55 cm (22 in.)
To 30 cm (12 in.) Charadrius tricol/aris a hammer hitting an anvil. throat and face. Struthio camelus
Black cap is encircled To 20 cm (8 in.) To 2.7 m (9 ft.) in height
by a white ring. Note red eye ring. Is the largest and
heaviest bird on earth.
Kori Bustard
Choriotis kori
Red-knobbed Coot Saddle-billed Stork To 1.3 m (52 in.) Common
Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
Fulica cristata One of the world's heaviest Quail
Crocodilebird To 45 cm (18 in.) To 1.5 m (5 ft.)
flying birds. The smaller Coturnix coturnix
Pluvianus aegyptius Two red forehead knobs Bill has a yellow saddle.
black bustard has a black To 18 cm (7 in.)
To 20 cm (8 in.) are prominent during
Rumored to clean the
Black-winged Stilt head, neck and undersides Note streaked
breeding season. Himantopus himantopus and a white ear patch. pattern on face.
teeth of crocodiles.
To 38 cm (15 in.)
BIRDS OF PREY &: VULTURES BIRDS OF PREY &: VULTURES DOVES, CUCKOOS, ETe.

Bataleur Tawny Eagle Egyptian Vulture


.;I: Malachite Kingfisher
Afcedo cristata
Pied
Kingfisher
Striped Kingfisher
Halcyon chelicuti
Martial Eagle Aquifa rapox Hooded Vulture Neophron percnopterus White-headed Ceryle rudis Ta 18 cm (7 in.)
Terathopius ecaudatus To 15 cm (6 in.)
Polemaetus be/ficosus To 75 cm (30 in.) Necrosyrtes monachus To 65 cm (26 in.) Vulture To 25 cm (10 in.)
To 60 cm (24 in.)
Note short tail. To 80 cm (32 in.) Plumage on legs and To 75 cm (30 in.) Tool-using bird breaks open Aegypius occipitalis The similar giant
underparts is is shaggy. ostrich eggs with rocks. To 80 cm (32 in.) kinqtisher is much larger
Underwings are white
1'6 and has a rufous breast.
with a black trailing Note red and blue bill.
edge.

Namaqua Dove
Oena capensis

Secretarybird
~.f To 30 cm (12 in.)
Note long tail Rock Dove
African Fish-Eagle Crowned Eagle White-backed Columba livia
Sagittarius serpentarius
Haliaeetus vocifer Spuaetus coronatus lappet-faced Vulture Vulture To 35 cm (14 in.)
To 1.3 m (52 in.)
To 80 cm (32 in.) To 1.5 m (5 ft.) Torgos tracheliotus Gyps africanus The common
Hunts along the ground
Black Eagle Note head crest. To 1 m (40 in.) To 95 cm (38 in.) urban 'pigeon'.
and often kills prey by
Aquila verreauxii Heavy-billed vulture The similar cape vulture
stamping it with its feet.
To 85 cm (34 in.) dominates other birds inhabits mountainous Rock Pigeon
at animal carcasses. regions of southern Africa. Columba guinea
To 30 cm (12 in.)
Also called speckled
DOVES, CUCKOOS, ETC. pigeon.
Ring-necked
Dove
Streptopelia capicola
To 30 cm (12 in.)
Call is a continuous -
African Hawk Eagle work-HARD-er.
laughing Dove
Black Kite Hieraaetus spilogaster Streptopelia senegalensis
Milvus migrans To 25 cm (10 in.)
To 65 cm (26 in.)
To 55 cm (22 in.) Note spots on neck.
White breast is
Several variants exist.
heavily streaked.
Notched tail is key field
mark.
Great Blue Diederik Cuckoo
Turaco Chrysococcyx caprinus
Corythaeola cristata To 18 cm (7 in.)
To 75 cm (30 in.) Call is a clear -
Inhabits tropical forests
Narina Trogon Yellow-fronted Speckled
dee-dee-deederik. Apoloderma narina
in west and central Africa. Tinkerbird Mousebird
To 30 cm (12 in.)
Pogoniulus chrysoconus Colinus striotus
Forest bird draws
White-bellied To 13 cm (5 in.) To 35 cm (14 in.)
attention to itself The similar red-fronted Alpine Swift
GO-Away-Bird with its loud call - Bill is black above,
tinkerbird has a red Tachymarptis melba
Corythaixoides leucogaster hoot-hoot. ... hoot-hoot. white below.
Black-shouldered Kite forehead patch. Call is a To 23 cm (9 in.)
Efanus caeruleus To 50 cm (20 in.)
clinking - poop-poop.
Augur Buzzard To 35 cm (14 in.) Named for it sheep-like
Buteo augur Note all-white tail. bleating call - go-wayeer.
To 1.3 m (52 in.)
Note reddish tail.

Giant
Eagle-Owl
BUDo lacteus
To 65 cm Red-billed
(26 in.) Wood-Hoopoe
Call is a pig- Crested Hoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus Bearded
like grunt. Upupa epops Gray Parrot To 38 cm (15 in.) Crested Barbet Woodpecker
Barn Owl Psittacus erithacus Travels in small flocks Thripias namaquus
To 30 cm (12 in.) Trachyphonus vaiffantii
Tyto alba To 33 cm (13 in.) through savanna
African Scops Owl Head crest is erect when To 25 cm (10 in.) To 25 cm (10 in.)
To 45 cm (18 in.) woodlands.
Otus seneqatensis alarmed. Call is a soft Tropical species common Call is a loud -
Face is heart-shaped.
To 20 cm (8 in.) repeated - hoop-hoop. in west and central Africa. wicka-wicko-wkko.
HORNBILLS, BEE-EATERS, ETC. PERCHING BIRDS PERCHING BIRDS

Red-billed Black-crowned
Tchagra Black-eyed
Hornbill Red-headed Weaver
Tchagra senegala (Common) Bulbul Rufous-naped lark Anaplectes rubriceps
Tockus erythrorhynchus Pycnonotus barbatus
To 45 cm (18 in.) To 23 cm (9 in.) Miralra alricana To 15 cm (6 in.)
To 23 cm (9 in.) To 18 cm (7 in.) Weavers create pendulous
The similar yellow-billed
Note yellow undertail Call is a mournful - nests that dangle from
horn bill has a yellow bill.
feathers. tseep-tseeoo. tree branches.

Greater Honeyguide Gray-headed Spot-backed Weaver


Trumpeter Common Gray-headed
Indicator indicator Bush Shrike Ploceus cucul/atus
Hornbill Malaconotus blanchoti Fiscal Shrike To 15 cm (6 in.) Red Bishop Sparrow
To 20 cm (8 in.)
Ceratogymna bucinator Lanius collatis Euplectes orix
Guides humans and other Southern Ground To 25 cm (lOin.) The similar masked weaver Passer griseus
To 65 cm (26 in.) To 23 cm (9 in.) To 13 cm (5 in.) To 15 cm (6 in.)
mammals to bee nests. Hornbill Call is a mournful - lacks spots on nape.
One of 23 horn bill species Wing bars form a The similar golden Note white wing bar.
Bucorvus caler hooooooooooo.
found in sub-saharan Africa. white 'V' on its back bishop has black and
To 1.1 m (42 in.)
when perching. yellow plumage.

PERCHING BIRDS

Chinspot Batis
Batis molitor
To 13 cm (5 in.) Yellow-billed House Sparrow
White
Females have a chestnut Oxpecker Passer domesticus
breast band and chin patch. Helmetshrike Superb Starling
Buphagus africanus To 15 cm (6 in.)
Prionops plumatus Spreo supetbus
Stonechat To 20 cm (8 in.)
To 23 cm (9 in.) The similar cape
Feeds on the parasites of To 18 cm (7 in.)
Saxicola torquata Yellow wattles sparrow has a black
large grazing mammals. Undertail feathers and
To 13 cm (5 in.) and white head.
encircle the eye. breast band are white.

Sand Martin
Riparia riparia
To 15 cm (6 in.) Malachite
lesser Stri ped Has a dark breast band. Red-winged
Sunbird
Swallow Nectarinia lamosa Starling
Hirundo abyssinica To 25 cm (lOin.) Onycognathus morio
To 15 cm (6 in.) To 28 cm (11 in.)
Underparts are Chestnut primaries
heavily streaked. Yellow-eyed Canary are conspicuous in
Serinus mozambicus flight.
To 13 cm (5 in.) Red-billed Quelea
The similar yellow canary Qealea quealea Wattled Starling
lacks dark facial markings. To 13 cm (5 in.) Creatophora cinerea
Note red bill To 23 cm (9 in.)
and black mask.

Yellow Wagtail
Motacil/a flava
To 15 cm (6 in.)
Head may be black, gray or
African Pied Wagtail all-yellow. Wags tail when
Motacil/a aguimp foraging on the ground. - Collared Sunbird White-necked
To 20 cm (8 in.) Anthreptes col/aris African Yellow
To 10 cm (4 in.) Raven
Common White-eye Corvus albicollis
The most widely Red-billed Firefinch Zosterops seneqoiensis
Waxbill To 55 cm (22 in.)
distributed of 81 Lagonosticta senegala To 10 cm (4 in.)
Estrilda astrild Pied Crow Note massive
species of To 10 cm (4 in.) The similar cape
To 13 cm (5 in.) Corvus albus white-tipped bill.
African sunbirds. The only firefinch white-eye has a
with a red bill. grayish breast. To 50 cm (20 in.)