Você está na página 1de 9

I ANWASHRAE

Supersedes ANSVASHRAE 30-l 978


304995

HR
INDZ ID
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

Method of Testina
Liquid-4 Ehilling
Packagi es

Approved by the ASHRAE Standards Committee October 23,


1994, by the ASHRAE Board of Directors February 2,1995, and
by the American National Standards Institute April 14, 1995.

ASHRAE Standards are updated on a five-year cycle; the date


following the Standard number is the year of ASHRAE Board of
Directors approval. The latest copies may be purchased from
ASHRAE Customer Services, 1791 Tullie Circle, NE, Atlanta, GA
30329.

01995 ISSN 1041-2336

Thisreproduction
mat de by Custom Standards Services.
310 Mifkr Avenue, AM A&or, MI 48103 (313) 930-9277,
under myalty agreement No further reproduction is
permitted.

AMERICANSOCIETYOFHEATING,
REFRIGERATINGAND
AIR-CONDITIONING
ENGINEERS,INC.
--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 1791Tullie Circle, NE l Atlanta, GA30329
Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
ASHRAEStandard Project Committee 30-1978R
Cognizant TCs: TC 8.5 (Lead) Liquid-to-Refrigerant Heat Exchangers
and TC 8.2 Centrifugal Machines
Project Committee Liaison: Ronald H. Howell

William J. Landman*, Chair Warren Dillenbeck


Julian R. DeBullet”, Vice-Chair Raj Gopal’
Arthur G. Fovargue*, Secretary Joe W. Hale*
Swiki A. Anderson Bruce D. Jones*
Jack B. Buckley” Mark W. Paquette*
John W. Clukey Stephen V. Santoro’
Robert A. Cromis Herbert C. Skarbek
William E. Dietrich*

*Denotes members of voting status when Standard 30-1995 was approved for publication.

ASHRAE STANDARDS COMMllTEE 1994-95


--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Harry J. Sauer, Jr., Chair Ronald H. Howell


Max H. Sherman, Vice-Chair Daniel Int-Hout
M. Kent Anderson Elizabeth A. Parke
Herman F. Behls John M. Talbott
W. David Bevirt Michael W. Woodford
Larry 0. Degelman George S. Yamamoto
Allen J. Hanley Grenville K. Yuill
John K. Hodge Lynn G. Bellenger, &x-O
Peter J. Hoey George A. Jackins, CO
Sally A. Hooks
Jim L. Heldenbrand, Manager of Standards

SPECIAL NOTE
This National Voluntary Consensus Standard was developed under the auspices of the American Society of
Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Consensus is defined as “substantial
agreement reached by concerned interests according to the judgment of a duly appointed authority, after a
concerted attempt at resolving objections. Consensus implies much more than the concept of a single majority
but not necessarily unanimity” This definition is according to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
of which ASHRAE is a member. If an ASHRAE Standard has also been approved by ANSI as an American
National Standard, it is marked on the cover with the “ANSI” designation and ANSI approval date.
ASHRAE obtains consensus through participation of its national and international members, associated
societies, and public review.
ASHRAE Standards are prepared by a Project Committee appointed specifically for the purpose of writing
the Standard. The Project Committee Chairman and Vice-Chairman must be members of ASHRAE; while
other committee members may or may not be ASHRAE members, all must be technically qualified in the
subject area of the Standard. Every effort is made to balance the concerned interests on all Project
Committees.
The Manager of Standards of ASHRAE should be contacted for:
a. interpretation of the contents of this Standard,
b. participation in the next review of the Standard,
c. offering constructive criticism for improving the Standard,
d. permission to reprint portions of the Standard.

ASHRAE INDUSTRIAL ADVERTISING POLICY ON STANDARDS


ASHRAE Standards and Guidelines are established to assist industry and the public by offering a
uniform method of testing for rating purposes, by suggesting safe practices in designing and installing
equipment, by providing proper definitions of this equipment, and by providing other information that
may serve to guide the industry. The creation of ASHRAE Standards and Guidelines is determined by
the need for them, and conformance to them is completely voluntary.
In referring to this Standard or Guideline and in marking of equipment and in advertising, no claim
shall be made, either stated or implied, that the product has been approved by ASHRAE.

DISCLAIMER
ASHRAE uses its best efforts to promulgate Standards and Guidelines for the benefit of the public in
light of available information and accepted industry practices. However, ASHRAE does not guarantee,
certify, or assure the safety or performance of any products, components, or systems tested, installed,
or operated in accordance with ASHRAE’s Standards or Guidelines or that any tests conducted under
its Standards or Guidelines will be nonhazardous or free from risk.

Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section Page

l.Purpose ............................................................. ...... 1

2.Scope .............................................................. ...... 1

3.Definitions.. ......................................................... ...... 1

4. Liquid-Chilling PackageTypes ............................................. ...... 1

5. Expression of Test Results ................................................ ...... 1

6.TestMethods ......................................................... ...... 2

7. Test Procedures ....................................................... ...... 2

8. Instruments and MeasurementTechniques ..................................... ...... 3

9. Data to Be Recorded .................................................... ....... 4

10. Calculation of Results ................................................... ...... 4

ll.References ........................................................... 5

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
1. PURPOSE liquid cooler: a factory-made assembly of elements in
which the liquid and refrigerant are in heat transfer relation-
The purpose of this standard is to prescribe methods of ships, causing the refrigerant to evaporate and the liquid to
testing for the thermal performance of refrigerant-cooled be cooled.
liquid-chilling packages,using the vapor compressioncycle.
may: used where a provision is permissible but not manda-
2. SCOPE tory.

2.1 This standard covers the types of liquid-chilling net refrigerating effect: the product of the weight rate of
packagesdescribed in Section 4, “Liquid-Chilling Package liquid flow and the difference in enthalpy of the entering
Types. ” Types of compressorsemployed include recipro- and leaving liquid, expressedin heat units per unit of time.
cating, centrifugal, scroll, and rotary (vane, helical, screw,
etc.) compression equipment. primary test: the test from which ratings are calculated

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
2.2 This standarddoesnot include self-contained, mechani- specified values: the selected conditions under which the
cally refrigerated drinking-water coolers covered in ANSI/ test is to be conducted.
ASHRAE Z8-I987 (RA 9Z)’ nor the bottled and canned
beverage coolers covered in ANSZ/ASHZUE32-1986 (RA shall: used where a provision is mandatory if compliance
90)? with this standard is claimed.

2.3 This standard does not include specification of the test ton (of refrigeration): equal to 12,000 Btu/h (3.516 kW).
rating conditions under which the package must operate.
For information pertaining to published ratings and condi- water-cooled condenser: a heat transfer vesselthat condens-
tions, refer to AZUStandard 550-92, Centrifugal and Rotary es refrigerant vapor, usually in the shell, while rejecting
Screw Water-Chilling Packages,3 andARZStandard590-92, this heat of condensation to condensing water circulating
Reciprocating Water-Chilling Packages4. through tubes or coils contained in the shell. Desuper-
heating and subcooling of the refrigerant may occur as well.
3. DEFINITIONS
4. LIQUID-CHILLING PACKAGE TYPES
air-cooled condenser: a refrigerating system component,
including condenser fans, that condensesrefrigerant vapor 4.1 A water-cooled liquid-chilling packageconsists of one
by rejecting heat to air mechanically circulated over its heat or more of each of the following: refrigerant compressors,
transfer surface, causing a temperature rise in the air. liquid coolers, and water-cooled condensers.All necessary
Desuperheatingand subcooling of the refrigerant may occur componentsand controls for operation of the packageshall
as well. be included.

compressorsaturateddischarge temperature: the saturation 4.2 An air-cooled liquid-chilling packageconsistsof one or


temperaturecorresponding to the refrigerant pressureat the more of each of the following: refrigerant compressors,
compressor discharge, usually taken at or immediately liquid coolers, and air-cooled condensers. All necessary
downstream of the compressor discharge service valve (in componentsand controls for operation of the packageshall
either caseon the downstreamside of the valve seat), where be included.
discharge valves are used.
4.3 An evaporatively cooled liquid-chilling package
evaporatively a refrigerating system
cooled condenser: consistsof one or more of eachof the following: refrigerant
component, including condenser fans, that condenses compressors, liquid coolers, and evaporatively cooled
refrigerant vapor by rejecting heat to a water and air condensers. All necessary components and controls for
mixture mechanically circulated over its heat transfer operation of the packageshall be included.
surface, causing evaporation of the water and an increasein
enthalpy of the air. Desuperheating and subcooling of the 4.4 A condenserlessliquid-chilling packageconsistsof one
refrigerant may occur as well. or more of each of the following: refrigerant compressors
and liquid coolers, suitable for field connection to one or
liquid; the fluid being cooled in the cooler (evaporator), as more remotely located (field supplied) refrigerant condens-
distinguished from refrigerant in the liquid state. ers. All necessarycomponentsand controls for operation of
the packageshall be included.
liquid-chilling package: a machine specifically designedto
make use of a refrigerant cycle to remove heat from a 5. EXPRESSION OF TEST RESULTS
liquid and reject this heat to a cooling medium, usually air
or water. The refrigerant condensermay, or may not, be an 5.1 Liquid-chilling package test performance shall be
integral part of this package. expressedin the following terms:
Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
ANSUASHRAE
No reproduction or networking 30-1995
permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
(4 Net cooling capacity at test conditions, Btu/h (kW) or 6.2 To confirm that steady-state conditions have been
tons (kW) (see Section 10) established at the specific set of conditions and within the
0)) Temperature of liquid leaving cooler, “F(“C) tolerances (see Section 7), three sets of data shall be taken
(4 Liquid flow rate through the cooler, gpm (L/s) or lb/h at approximately five-minute intervals. To minimize the
(kg/s), and liquid cooling range (difference between effects of transient conditions, test readings for each data
entering and leaving liquid temperatures) set should be taken as nearly simultaneously as possible.
Cd) Description of liquid sufficient to define its physical
properties 6.3 The test shall include a measurementof the net heat
removed from the liquid as it passesthrough the cooler by
(d Liquid pressure drop through the cooler, psi (kPa) or
ft (m) of liquid flowing determination of the following:
(0 Power input to compressordriver, at test conditions, in (a) Liquid flow rate
terms of bhp, kW, or other units of energy such as (b) Temperature difference between entering and leaving
steam, gas, or fuel flow rate and calorific values liquid
(g) Power input to auxiliaries included as part of the pack-
age, at test conditions, in terms of bhp, kW, or other 6.4 The heat removed from the chilled liquid is equal to
units of energy such as steam, gas, or fuel flow rate the product of the chilled-liquid flow rate, the liquid
and calorific values temperaturedifference, and the specific heat of the liquid.
(h) Water temperature and flow for auxiliaries (where
used) such as oil cooling and motor cooling 6.5 Power Input to the Compressor
(3 Refrigerant designation
6.5.1 Electric Drive The test shall include the
5.2 Performance for packageswith water-cooled condens- determination of the compressor power requirement. This
ers shall be expressedin terms under 5.1 plus the following power shall be determined by measurement of electrical
terms: input to motor drive. For motors supplied by someoneother
than the chiller package supplier, the determination of
(a) Temperaturesof water entering and leaving condenser, compressorshaft horsepower input shall be as outlined in
“F (“C) Section 10. For air-cooled or evaporatively cooled con-
(b) Condenserwater flow rate, gpm (L/s) or lb/h (kg/s) densers, the test shall include the determination of the
(c) Water-pressuredrop through the condenser, psi (kPa) condenser fan and condenser spray pump power require-
or ft (m) of water ments.
5.3 Performance for packageswith air-cooled condensers 6.5.2 Non-Electric Drive Where turbine or engine
shall be expressed in terms under 5.1 plus the following drive is employed, compressorshaft horsepower input shall
terms: be determined from steam, gas, or oil consumption, at mea-
sured supply and exhaust conditions, and prime mover
(a) Dry-bulb temperature of air entering condenser, “F manufacturer’s certified performance data.

(b) Fan rotative speed, rpm 6.6 In addition to the determination of net heat removed
(c) Barometric pressure, inches of mercury (kPa) and the energy input required, data shall be taken to prepare
a heat balance to substantiatethe validity of the test.
5.4 Performance for packageswith evaporatively cooled
condenser shall be expressed in terms under 5.1 plus the 7. TEST PROCEDURES
following terms:
7.1 Preparation
64 Wet-bulb temperature of air entering condenser, “F
w> 7.1.1 The liquid-chilling package that has been leak
Fan rotative speed, rpm tested, dehydrated, evacuated, and charged with the
if; Barometric pressure, inches of mercury (kPa) operating amount of refrigerant shall be connectedwith the
Cd) Water consumption, gpm (Us) or lb/h (kg/s) for both instruments and auxiliary equipment necessaryto comply
evaporation and bleed-off with Section 9.
7.1.2 The cooler and water-cooled condenser may be
5.5 Performance for condenserless packages shall be
cleanedbefore capacity tests.
expressedin terms under 5.1 plus the following terms:
7.1.3 The liquid-chilling packageshall be started and
(a) Compressor saturateddischarge temperature, “F (“C) operatedfor a sufficient time to ensure correct operation in
(b) Liquid refrigerant temperature entering the chiller accordancewith 7.2 prior to initial capacity tests.
package, “F (“C) 7.1.4 Noncondensables shall be removed from the
systembefore tests are started.
6. TEST METHODS
7.2 Operation and Limits
6.1 The test will measurenet cooling capacity in tons of
refrigeration (kW) and energy requirements, both at a 7.2.1 Obtain and maintain test conditions in accor-
specific set of conditions.
--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
dancewith the following tolerances and instructions:

Copyright ASHRAE 2 ANSYASHRAE 30-1995


Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
(a) The individual readings of all liquid temperaturesshall specific instruments to use, required accuracy, and mea-
not vary from the specified values by more than 0.5”F surement techniques:
(0.3”C). Care must be taken to ensure that theseliquid
temperatures are the average bulk stream temper- 8.2 Temperature Measurements
atures.
@) The liquid cooling temperature range (entering liquid (a) Instruments and accuracy, see ANWASHRAE 41.1-
minus leaving liquid temperatures)shall not vary from 1986 (UA 9lf.
the specified values by more than 0.5”F (0.3”C). (b) Measurementtechniques-general, seeANSUASHRAE
(c) The arithmetic average of all required dry-bulb air 41.1-1986 (RA 9lf.
temperature readings shall not vary from the specified (c) Measurementtechniques-air, seeANSUASHRAE41.1-
values by more than l.O”F (0.6”C), nor shall the 1986 (RA 91f.
individual readings vary by more than 2.O”F (l.l”C) (d) Measurement techniques-liquid, see ANSI/ASHRAE
from the average value. 41.1-1986 (RA 91)?
(d) The arithmetic average of all required wet-bulb air (e) Measurement techniques-refrigerant, see ANWASH-
temperature readings shall not vary from the specified RAE 41.1-1986 (RA 9lf.
values by more than 0.5”F (0.3”(Z), nor shall the (f) Measurement techniques-thermometers, see ANSI/
individual readings vary by more than 1.O”F (0.6”C). ASHRAE 41.1-1986 (RA 9l)f
(e) The chilled-liquid flow rate shall not deviate more than (g) Measurement techniques-thermocouples, see ANSI/
f5% from the specified value. ASHRAE 41.1-1986 (RA 91j6.

7.2.2 After establishmentof steady-stateconditions, all 8.3 Pressure Measurements


required readings (see Section 9) shall be taken at approxi-
mately five-minute intervals, and the test shall be continued (a) Instruments and accuracy, see ANSI/ASHRAE 41.3-
until at least three consecutive sets of readings are within 1989’.
the specified limits of 7.2.1. The three consecutivereadings @) Measurement techniques, see ANWASHRAE 41.3-
shall then be averaged, and the average values are to be 19897.
used in calculating the primary capacity at the tested
condition. Refer to Section 10 for the calculation method. 8.4 Fiow Measurements
The percent heat balance (water-cooled packagesonly,
see 10.2.1) shall be within a tolerance 8.4.1 Liquid (water, brine, refrigerant, fuel) volume
measurementsshall be made with one or more of the
= 10.5 - 0.07 x %FL + (1500/(DT,,“F x %FL)) following instruments:
[= 10.5 - 0.07 x %FL + (833.3/(DT,,“C x %FL))],
(a) Liquid quantity meter, measuring either weight or
volume
where
(b) Liquid flowmeter
FL = full load (c) Nozzle or orifice meter
DTFL = the difference between entering and leaving 8.4.2 Accuracy shall be within rt 1% of the range of
chilled-water temperature at full load, “F flows measured.
E”Cl. 8.4.3 Measurementtechniques-nozzle or orifice, see
Test readings with heat balance values outside this ANSIIASHRAE41.8-l 989’.
range shall not be considered valid. 8.4.4 Volatile refrigerant, see ANSI/ASHRAE 41.9-
19889.
8. INSTRUMENTS AND MEASUREMENT 8.4.5 Gas flow
TECHNIQUES (a) Instruments and accuracy, see ANSUASHRAE 41.7-
1984 (RA 91)“.
8.1 Instruments (b) Measurementtechniques,seeANSI/ASHRAE41.7-1984
(RA 91)‘O.
8.1.1 Selection of instruments for testing shall be
made from the types listed in the referencesbelow. 8.5 Electrical Measurements
8.1.2 Accuracy of test instruments shall be within the
limits specified in the referenceslisted below. (a) $sttyments and accuracy, see ASHRAE Standard 20-
8.1.3 In no caseshall the smallest scale division of the
measuring instrument exceed twice the specified accuracy. (b) ,,urement techniques, see ASHIUE Standard 20-
8.1.4 The 1993 ASHRAEHandbook-Fundamentals,5
“Measurement and Instruments, ’ presents considerable
information on available instruments and their precision and 8.6 Time Measurements
use. The following referencesare additional data covering Accuracy, seeASHRAE Standard 20-701‘.
--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
ANSVASHRAE
No reproduction or networking 30-1995
permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
8.7 Weight Measurements (b) Condenser fan motor power consumption, kW
(c) Fan rotative speed, rpm
Accuracy, seeASHRAE Standard 20-70”. (d) Condenserspray pump motor power consumption, kW
(e) Watersupply rate to evaporativecondenser,gpm (L/s)
8.8 Rotative Velocity Measurements or lb/h (kg/s)
(f) Water supply temperatureto evaporative condenser, “F
Measurementtechniques, seeASHRAEHandbooks. (“Cl
(g) Barometric pressure, inches of mercury (kPa)
9. DATA TO BE RECORDED
9.5 Additional required data for condenserlesspackaged
After steady-state conditions have been established, the chillers:
following data shall be recorded.
(a) Compressor saturateddischarge temperature, “F (“C)
9.1 Data to be recorded during the test for all liquid- 0-d Liquid refrigerant temperatureentering the cooler unit,
chilling packages: “F (“C)
9.6 Temperature-recording location qualifications:
(a) Temperature of liquid entering cooler, “F (“C)
(b) Temperature of liquid leaving cooler, “F (“C) (a) If chilled liquid is used to cool the compressor motor
(c) Chilled-liquid flow rate, gpm (L/s) or lb/h (kg/s) or for some other incidental functional use, the tem-
(d) Description of liquid sufficient to obtain necessary perature and flow measurementsof chilled liquid must
physical properties be made at points beyond such takeoffs and returns so
(e) Power input to compressor, expressedas that the measuredrise reflects net cooling capacity.
1. power input to motor, kW, or 09 If condenser water is used to cool the compressor
2. steam consumption of turbine, lb/h (kg/s), steam motor or for some other incidental functional use, the
supply pressure,psig (kPa), steamsupply tempera- temperatureand flow measurementsof condenserwater
ture, “F (“C), steam exhaust pressure, psig or must be made at points beyond such takeoffs and
inches of mercury vacuum (kPa), or returns so that the measured rise reflects gross heat
3. gas consumption of turbine or engine, therms or rejection.
ft3/b (L/s), and calorific value, Btu/ft3 (J/L), or
4. fuel consumption of diesel or gasoline engine, gph 9.7 Auxiliq data to be recorded for general information:
(L/s), and calorific value, Btulgal (J/L)
(f) Electrical power input to controls and auxiliary equip- Nameplate data including make, model, size, and
ment, kW refrigerant, sufficient to completely identify the liquid
(g) Cooler liquid pressuredrop (inlets to outlets), psi or fi chilling package
of water (kPa) (b) Electrical frequency in Hz
(cl Compressor driver or input rotative speed (rpm) for
9.2 Additional required data for packaged chillers with open type compressors
water-cooled condensers: 00 Temperature of ambient air at cooler, “F (“C)
td Actual voltage, and current in amperes,for eachphase,
(a) Temperature of entering condenserwater, “F (“C) of all electric motor drives

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
(b) Temperature of leaving condenserwater, “F (“C) (0 Date, time, and location of test
(c) Condenserwater flow rate, gpm (L/s) or lb/h (kg/s) (ii!) Namesof test supervisor and witnessing personnel
(d) Condenserwater pressuredrop (inlets to outlets), psi or (h) Specified refrigerant
ft of water @Pa) 6) Operating charge of refrigerant, lb (kg)
10. CALCULATION OF RESULTS
9.3 Additional required data for packagedchillers with air-
cooled condensers: 10.1 Primary Test

(a) Dry-bulb temperature of air entering condenser, “F The unit’s net cooling capacity (4,) is the heat removed
(“C) from the liquid and is the product of its massrate of flow
(b) Condenserfan motor power consumption, kW and the enthalpy difference between entering and leaving
(c) Fan rotative speed, rpm liquid conditions.
Cd) Barometric pressure, inches of mercury (kPa)
qn= w(le- II) (“J ’ (1)
9.4 Additional required data for packaged chillers with
evaporativelycooled condensers: where
(a) Wet-bulb temperature of air entering condenser, “F qn= net cooling capacity, Btu/h (kW);
(“9 w = massrate of liquid flow, lb/h (kg/s);

Copyright ASHRAE 4 ANSIIASHRAE 30-1995


Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
te = temperature of liquid entering cooler, *F (“C); In the caseof motor drive,
tl = temperature of liquid leaving cooler, *F (“C);
specific heat of liquid at its mean temperature, W = power measuredat motor termi-
“P =
Btu/(lb*“F) [kJ/(kg.K)]. nals, Btu/h (kW).

10.2 Heat Balance 10.2.2 This method is. intended for liquid-cooled
packages.For air-cooled or evaporatively cooled packages,
Note: Although certain energy terms in this section may
it is impractical to measureheat rejection in a test. There-
more typically be measuredin other units (e.g., kW, Bhp), fore, the heat balancecannot be calculated.
they are all listed with Btu/h (kW) as units for consistency.
10.2.1 Percent heat balance is defined as 11. REFERENCES

qn+w-qc -5 1. ANSIASHRAE 18-l 987 (RA 91), Methods of Testingfor


( 1
qc Rating Drinking- Water Coolers with Self-Contained
Mechanical Refrigeration Systems,American Society of
where Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers,
Inc., Atlanta, GA.
W = compressor work input as defined below, Btu/h 2. ANSIlASHRAE 32-1986 (RA 90), Methods of Testingand
WV> Rating Bottled and Canned Beverage Vendors and
qc = heat rejected to condenserwater, Btu/h (kW). Coolers, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating
10.2.1.1 In a hermetic package,where the motor and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA.
is cooled by refrigerant, chilled water, or condenserwater, 3. ARI Standard 550-92, Centrifugal and Rotary Screw
the motor cooling load will be included in the measured Water-chilling Packages,Air-Conditioning and Refrig-
condenserload. Hence, eration Institute, Arlington, VA
4. ARl Standard 590-92, Positive Displacement Compressor
W = electrical power input to the compressor motor, Water-Chilling Packages,Air-Conditioning and Refrig-
Btu/h (kW). eration Institute, Arlington, VA.
5.1993 ASHRAEHandbook-Fundamentals, “Measurement
10.2.1.2 In a packageusing an open type compres- and Instruments,” American Society of Heating, Refrig-
sor with motor and external gear drive, erating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta,
(3) GA.
w = qmotor - qgear ’
6. ANSUASHRAE41.1-1986 (RA 91), Standard Methodfor
and Temperature Measurement, American Society of
W = power input to the compressor shaft, Btu/h Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers,
Atlanta, GA.
tkw);
7. ANSZASHRAE41.3-1989, Standard Methodfor Pressure
Qmotor * = power delivered by prime mover, Btu/h (kW); Measurement, American Society of Heating, Refrig-
qgear = friction loss in gear box, Btu/h (kW). erating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
8. ANSIlASHRAE 41.8-1989, Standard Methods of Mea-
The value of qmotorshall be determined from the power surement of Flow of Liquids in Pipes Using Orifice
input to prime mover using certified data from the prime Flowmeters,American Societyof Heating, Refrigerating
mover manufacturer. and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
The value of q ear shall be determined from certified 9. ANSYASHRAE41.9-1988, A Standard Calorimeter Test
gear lossesprovided by the gear manufacturer. Methodfor Flow Measurementof a Volatile Refriger-
10.2.1.3 In a water-chilling packageusing an open ant, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and
type compressorwith direct drive and the prime mover not Air-Conditioining Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
furnished by the packagemanufacturer, 10.ANSbASHRAE41.7-I 984 (RA 91), Standard Methodfor
for determination of WinpUtfor the turbine- or en- Measurement of Flow of Gas, American Society of
gine-operated machines, the turbine or engine Heating, Refrigerating andAir-Conditioning Engineers,
manufacturer’s certified power input/output data Atlanta, GA.
shall be used. 11 ASHRAEStandard 20-70, Methods of Testingfor Rating
Remote Mechancial-Draft Air-Cooled Refrigerant
W = power input to the compressor Condensers,American Society of Heating, Refrigerating
shaft, Btu/h (kW). and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.

--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
ANWASHRAE 30-1995
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
--``,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

POLICY STATEMENT DEFINING ASHRAE’S CONCERN


FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ITS ACTIVITIES

ASHRAE is concerned with the impact of its members’ activities on both the indoor and outdoor
environment. ASHRAE’s members will strive to minimize any possible deleterious effects on the
indoor and outdoor environment of the systems and components in their responsibility while
maximizing the beneficial effects these systems provide, consistent with accepted standards and the
practical state of the art.
ASHRAE’s short-range goal is to ensure that the systems and components within its scope do
not impact the indoor and outdoor environment to a greater extent than specified by the standards
and guidelines as established by itself and other responsible bodies.
As an ongoing goal, ASHRAE will, through its Standards Committee and extensive technical
committee structure, continue to generate up-to-date standards and guidelines where appropriate and
adopt, recommend, and promote those new and revised standards developed by other responsible
organizations.
Through its Handbook, appropriate chapters will contain up-to-date standards and design
considerations as the material is systematically revised.
ASHRAE will take the lead with respect to dissemination of environmental information of its
primary interest and will seek out and disseminate information from other responsible organizations
that is pertinent, as guides to updating standards and guidelines.
The effects of the design and selection of equipment and systems will be considered within the
scope of the system’s intended use and expected misuse. The disposal of hazardous materials, if
any, will also be considered.
ASHRAE’s primary concern for environmental impact will be at the site where equipment within
ASHRAE’s scope operates. However, energy source selection and the possible environmental impact
due to the energy source and energy transportation will be considered where possible.
Recommendations concerning energy source selection should be made by its members.

Copyright ASHRAE
Provided by IHS under license with ASHRAE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale