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Time allowed: 3 Hours

√ √

Problem.1. Let (1 + 2)n = An + Bn 2

Where n ∈ N and An , Bn ∈ Q

Find

An

lim

n→∞ Bn

a b c 3

+ + ≥

b+c c+a a+b 2

Time allowed: 3 Hours

√ √ √

a) Prove that there exists a triangle whose sides have lengths a, b, c.

b) Show that

a+b+c

1≤ √ √ √ < 2.

ab + bc + ca

1

2

Problem.3. Let ABC be a right angle triangle such that ∠A = 90◦ and

A.

Time allowed: 3 Hours

Problem.2. We are given a rectangle ABCD whose sides have lengths

the perimeter of the rectangle. Find the positions of P for which the sum

P A + P B + P C + P D is least.

Problem.3. Let n be a positive integer which is divisible by 7. Show that

perfect square.

Problem.4. Let a, b, c be non negative real numbers which are not greater

3

IMO 2006

Second National Mathematics Olympiad Camp

First Test:

4.1. Islamabad Center:.

Time allowed: 90 Minutes

Problem.1. Let x be a real number such that x4 + x14 = 2. Find the possible

values of x + x1 .

Problem.2. How many 4-digit numbers are there which begin with 1 and

have exactly two identical digits? (Examples are 1557, 1030, 1321.)

Problem.3. Let P be a point in the interior of the triangle ABC. The

reflections of P across the midpoints of the sides BC, CA, AB, are PA , PB , and PC

respectively. Prove that the lines APA , BPB , and CPC are concurrent.

Time allowed: 90 Minutes

a prime.

Problem.2. Let n ≥ 2 be an integer and let x1 , x2 , ......., xn ∈ {−1, 1} such

that

x1 x2 + x2 x3 + ....... + xn−1 xn + xn x1 = 0

Problem.3. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral. Prove that there exists

a circle in its interior touching all its sides if and only if AB +CD = AD +BC.

4

Time allowed: 90 Minutes

7 m 11

Problem.1. Let m, n be positive integers such that 10 < n < 15 . Find

Problem.2. Denote by P the perimeter of triangle ABC. If M is a point in

1

P < M A + M B + M C < P.

2

Problem.3. Prove that if an arithmetical progression of positive integers

Time allowed: 90 Minutes

a) a2 + b2 + c2 ≥ ab + bc + ca;

b) a4 + b4 + c4 ≥ abc(a + b + c).

Problem.2. Prove that the product of four consecutive positive integers:

a) is divisible by 24;

Problem.3. The side length of the equilateral triangle ABC equals l. The

point P lies in the interior of ABC and the distances from P to the triangle’s

5

Time allowed: 90 Minutes

Problem.2. Can you find a polynomial f ∈ Z[X] such that f (Z) ⊂ N and

First Test:

Time allowed: 2 Hours

Problem.1. Given any five integers , show that there is at least one subset

of three integers Whose sum is divisible by three, e.g. {9, −13, 1} whose sum

is divisible by three.

v v

u u s

u r

17 17 √

u u

t1 − t

− 1− − 1 − .......

16 16

the radius of its Inscribed circle is r. Prove that the distance between the

p

two centers is R(R − 2r).

6

Problem.4. Find all the positive integers n such that the number 24 +27 +2n

is a perfect Square.

Problem.5. Prove the following equality

r r r

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 + 2 + 2 + 1 + 2 + 2 +.............+ 1 + + = 2005−

1 2 2 3 20042 20052 2005

Final Test:

Time allowed: 3 Hours

1 1 1

√ ab bc ca

Show that a+b + b+c + c+a ≥ 3+ a+b + b+c + c+a

4n − 2

a1 = 1; an = an−1 ; n ≥ 2

n

Prove that all the terms of the sequence are positive integers.

Problem.3. Consider the two circles in the diagram intersecting at points A

smaller circle).

Figure 1. circle

7

First Test:

Time allowed: 3 Hours

Problem.1. The circle inscribed in the triangle ABC touches the sides

BC, CA, AB

at points A′ ,B ′ , C ′ , respectively. Prove that the lines AA′ , BB ′ ,

CC ′ are concurrent.

solutions.

and B ′ such that C is the midpoint of the line segment AA′ and D is the

[ABA′ B ′ ]

midpoint of the line segment BB ′ . Evaluate with proof, [ABCD] .

1 a b c

≤ + + < 1.

2 a + 2b + 3c b + 2c + 3a c + 2a + 3b

M of the set A = {1, 2, , 2006} having the following property: The sum of

Second Test:

Time allowed: 3 Hours

AB+AD

√

∠BCD = 90◦ . Prove that AC = 2. if and only if ∠BAD = 90◦ .

8

xn+1 xn

Problem.3. Let x1 = 21 , x2 = 1

5 and xn+2 = 5xn −6xn+1 , ∀n ≥ 1. Find a

Problem.4. 2006 points are chosen inside a circle having area 1000 such that

no three of them are collinear. Prove that one can choose three points which

Third Test:

Time allowed: 3 Hours

its projections onto the sides BC, CA, AB, respectively. Prove that

4S 2

P Pa2 + P Pb2 + P Pc2 ≥ .

a2 + b2 + c 2

an (an +1)

Problem.3. Let a◦ = a1 = 1 and an+1 = an−1 , ∀n ≥ 1. Prove that all

Prove that there exist two groups of 3 children such that every child of one

9

Final Test:

Time allowed: 3 Hours

[P (x + 1) + P (x − 1)]

P (x) + 1 =

2

equation?

Problem.2. Consider a connected graph such that among its vertices there

are the vertices A, B, C, D of a given square and the sum of the lengths of

Problem.3. We are given a n×k rectangle which is divided into nk unit cells

distributed in n rows and k columns. How many ways can we assign either

Problem.4. Find all integer values of k ≥ 1 satisfying the following:

There exists an odd number a such that all the remainders (mod 2k )

10

November 10, 2007

JUNIORS: Grade 9 and 10

(an )n 1 : 1 1; 2 3; 3 5; 4 7; :::

(bn )n 1 : 1 3; 2 5; 3 7; 4 9; :::

Find general formulae for the two sequences and nd how many

common elements they have.

2. Can you nd a polynomial f with integer coe cients such that

f (Z)N and f takes the value -2007?

3. Consider a right circular cone with the vertex V and O the center

p

of the base. The radius of the base is 1 and the height V O is 35:

Consider also the diameter AB of the base and C; the midpoint of

V A: Compute the length of the shortest path, on the surface of the

cone, from B to C .

them such that the sum

x y z

S= + +

y z x

5. In the plane there are ve lines l1 ; l2 ; :::; l5 ; any two of them non-

parallel and any three nonconcurrent. Show that at least one of the

angles between the given lines is 36 :

Time: 3 hours.

Note: Attempt all problems. Each Problem is worth 7 points.

11

November 10, 2007

SENIORS: Grade 11 and 12

1. If n ∈ N, solve the equation cosn x − sinn x = 1, for x ∈ R.

2. Let a, b, c ∈ R, a2 +b2 6= 0 and L = {(x, y) ∈ Q×Q | ax+by = c}.

a) Can you find an example of (a, b, c) such that L = ∅ ?

b) Can you find an example of (a, b, c) such that L has a unique

element?

c) Prove that if L contains two elements, then L has infinitely

many.

3. Show that the set

A = {±1 ± 2 ± 3 ± ... ± 2006}

4. Find a polynomial P (X) of degree n , with real coefficients, satis-

fying

row, on any column, and on the two diagonals of the matrix the

product of elements is −1. What are the possible values of n (n ∈ N)?

Time: 3 hours.

Note: Attempt all problems. Each Problem is worth 7 points.

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