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State of Industry Report 2015

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STATE OF
INDUSTRY REPORT
2015
Contents
FOREWORD......................................................................................................................................................... 1

1. OVERVIEW............................................................................................................................................. 5
1.1 China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (C-PEC) Project...................................................................................5
1.2 Donors’ Support.......................................................................................................................................................5
1.3 Load Shedding..........................................................................................................................................................5
1.4 Reduction in the Cost of Generation...............................................................................................................5
1.5 Tariffs of Renewable Energy Projects...............................................................................................................6
1.6 Performance of GENCOs.......................................................................................................................................6
1.7 Transmission Network NTDC..............................................................................................................................6
1.8 Projected Capacity and Power Balance of NTDC System......................................................................... 7
1.9 Expansion Plan of NTDC.......................................................................................................................................7
1.10 Timely Completion of Upcoming Projects.....................................................................................................7
1.11 Power Balance of K-Electric System..................................................................................................................8
1.12 Environmental Impact of Coal Based Power Plants....................................................................................8
1.13 Infrastructure Development................................................................................................................................8
1.14 Data Reporting.........................................................................................................................................................8
1.15 Power Market Reforms...........................................................................................................................................8
1.16 Receivables of DISCOs...........................................................................................................................................9
1.17 Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses of DISCOs.......................................................................... 9
1.18 Circular Debt..............................................................................................................................................................9
1.19 Tariff Differential Subsidy ....................................................................................................................................9
1.20 Multi-Year Tariff (MYT) Regime for DISCOs....................................................................................................9
1.21 Generation Capacity of K-Electric......................................................................................................................9
1.22 K-Electric Transmission and Distribution Systems ...................................................................................10
1.23 Upfront Tariffs.........................................................................................................................................................10
1.24 Net-Metering Regime..........................................................................................................................................10
1.25 Special Purpose Transmission Licence under Section 19 of NEPRA Act..........................................10
1.26 Recommendations................................................................................................................................................11

2. PERFORMANCE OF GENERATION SECTOR....................................................................................... 15


2.1 General.......................................................................................................................................................................15
2.2 Source-wise Installed Capacity.........................................................................................................................15
2.3 Hydropower.............................................................................................................................................................15
2.4 Thermal......................................................................................................................................................................15
2.4.1 Jamshoro Power Company Limited (GENCO-I).........................................................................15
2.4.2 Central Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-II).....................................................16
2.4.3 Northern Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-III)................................................ 16
2.4.4 Lakhra Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-IV).....................................................16
2.4.5 Overall Performance of GENCOs.....................................................................................................16
2.4.6 Independent Power Producers (IPPs)............................................................................................17
2.4.7 Installed versus Dependable Capacity..........................................................................................17
2.4.8 Manpower to MW Ratio......................................................................................................................17

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2.5 Nuclear (CHASNUPP-I and II)...........................................................................................................................18
2.6 Wind...........................................................................................................................................................................18
2.7 Bagasse......................................................................................................................................................................18
2.8 Solar............................................................................................................................................................................18
2.9 K-Electric Limited...................................................................................................................................................18

3. PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION SECTOR................................................................................... 23


3.1 General.......................................................................................................................................................................23
3.2 Overloading of Existing Power Transformers..............................................................................................23
3.3 Power Dispersal Constraints in Transmission Networks.........................................................................26
3.3.1 Uch-II Power (Pvt.) Limited................................................................................................................26
3.3.2 Engro Powergen Qadirpur Limited................................................................................................26
3.3.3 Altern Energy Limited..........................................................................................................................26
3.3.4 TNB Liberty Power Limited................................................................................................................26
3.3.5 Habibullah Coastal Power Company Limited.............................................................................26
3.3.6 Foundation Power Company (Daharki) Limited........................................................................26
3.3.7 Nishat Power Limited and Nishat Chunian Power Limited...................................................27
3.4 Induction of New Generation Power Plants................................................................................................27
3.5 Future NTDC Network.........................................................................................................................................29
3.6 NTDC Financial Plans...........................................................................................................................................30
3.7 K-Electric Transmission System........................................................................................................................30

4. PERFORMANCE OF DISTRIBUTION SECTOR.................................................................................... 35


4.1 Constraints in DISCOs’ System.........................................................................................................................35
4.2 Receivables of DISCOs.........................................................................................................................................35
4.3 Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses of DISCOs........................................................................36
4.4 Circular Debt............................................................................................................................................................37
4.5 Tariff Differential Subsidy...................................................................................................................................37
4.6 Constraints in K-Electric System......................................................................................................................37
4.7 Uploading of Performance Reports submitted by DISCOs and K-Electric on Quarterly
Basis on Website....................................................................................................................................................37
4.8 Legal Proceedings against DISCOs and K-Electric due to non-compliance of Performance
Standards (Distribution) Rules, (PSDR) 2005...............................................................................................37

5. INITIATIVES BY NEPRA....................................................................................................................... 41
5.1 Upfront Tariff for Wind Power Projects.........................................................................................................41
5.2 Upfront Tariff for New Bagasse based Co-Generation Power Projects.............................................41
5.3 Upfront Tariff for Coal Power Projects...........................................................................................................41
5.4 Tariff for Conversion of Oil to Coal Projects................................................................................................42
5.5 Upfront Tariff for Solar Power Projects..........................................................................................................42
5.6 Upfront Tariff for Small Hydropower Projects............................................................................................42
5.7 Upfront Tariff for LNG based Power Projects..............................................................................................43
5.8 Tariff for Short-Term IPPs....................................................................................................................................43
5.9 Development of NEPRA (Alternative and Renewable Energy) Distributed .Generation and Net
Metering Regulations, 2015...............................................................................................................................43

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5.10 Integrated Generation, Transmission and Distribution Plans (IGTDPs)............................................43
5.10.1 Development of IGTDPs ....................................................................................................................43
5.10.2 Evaluation/Review of IGTDPs by NEPRA......................................................................................44
5.10.3 Recommendations for Resubmission of IGTDPs.......................................................................44
5.10.4 Final Guidelines and Formats to Develop IGTDPs by NEPRA.............................................. 45
5.11 Special Purpose Transmission Licence (SPTL) under Section 19 of NEPRA Act............................45
5.12 Development of NEPRA Interconnection Guidelines, 2015..................................................................45

6. MONITORING OF THE SECTOR.......................................................................................................... 49


6.1 Visits of DISCOs to Verify/Inspect the Sanctioned Load vis-a-vis Connected Load....................49
6.2 Real Time Monitoring...........................................................................................................................................49
6.3 Undue Scheduled/Unscheduled Load Shedding by K-Electric............................................................49
6.4 Safety Record of Distribution Companies....................................................................................................49
6.5 Annual Performance Report (APR) of NTDC...............................................................................................50
6.5.1 Number of Voltage Variations (Violating Prescribed Criteria)............................................. 51
6.5.2 System Frequency.................................................................................................................................54
6.6 Annual Performance Report (APR) of K-Electric........................................................................................55
6.7 Energy not served in KE System.......................................................................................................................57
6.8 Frequent Tripping of Transmission and Grid System in NTDC.............................................................58
6.9 Handing Over of Switchyards of GENCOs to NTDC.................................................................................59
6.10 Implementation of Performance Standards (Generation) Rules, (PSGR) 2009..............................59
6.11 Implementation of Grid Code...........................................................................................................................59
6.12 Implementation of Distribution Code...........................................................................................................59
6.13 Development of Power Safety Code..............................................................................................................60

7. INITIATIVES BY STAKEHOLDERS....................................................................................................... 63
7.1 Market Structure.....................................................................................................................................................63
7.2 Creation of Central Power Purchasing Agency - Guarantee Limited (CPPA-G).............................63
7.3 Modification in Transmission Licence of NTDC..........................................................................................63
7.4 Market Operator Registration (Standards and Procedure) Rules, 2015............................................63
7.5 PPIB Policy for Private Sector Transmission Projects 2015....................................................................64
7.6 Central Asia-South Asia (CASA-1000) Project...............................................................................................64
7.7 Import of Electricity from Iran..........................................................................................................................64
7.7.1 Import of 74 MW (Jackigur – Mand)..............................................................................................64
7.7.2 Import of 100 MW (Polan – Gawadar)..........................................................................................64
7.7.3 Import of 1000 MW (Zahedan – Quetta).....................................................................................64
7.8 Alternative and Renewable Energy Developments..................................................................................65
7.8.1 Steps/initiatives for Development of ARE Sector.....................................................................65
7.8.2 On-Grid Projects....................................................................................................................................66
7.8.3 Off-Grid Applications.............................................................................................................................66

8. MISCELLANEOUS................................................................................................................................. 73
8.1 Promulgation of New Rules/Regulations.....................................................................................................73
8.2 Advisories issued by NEPRA to the Government of Pakistan...............................................................73
8.3 Consumer Affairs...................................................................................................................................................73
8.3.1 Achievements/Development............................................................................................................74

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9. Energy Sector Overview..................................................................................................................... 77
9.1 Oil................................................................................................................................................................................77
9.2 Gas...............................................................................................................................................................................77
9.3 Coal.............................................................................................................................................................................77
9.4 Primary Energy Supplies.....................................................................................................................................77
9.5 Final Energy Consumption.................................................................................................................................79
9.6 Fuel Consumption in Power Sector................................................................................................................80

10. ELECTRICITY SECTOR OVERVIEW...................................................................................................... 83


10.1 Installed Capacity...................................................................................................................................................83
10.2 Load Pattern and Peak Load Hours............................................................................................................. 115
10.3 Maximum Demand.............................................................................................................................................117
10.4 Pattern of Electricity Consumption..............................................................................................................118
10.5 Surplus/Deficit in Demand and Supply during Peak Hours (actual and projected)................. 119

11. ELECTRICITY GENERATION.............................................................................................................. 123


11.1 General....................................................................................................................................................................123
11.2 Thermal Generation...........................................................................................................................................124
11.3 Thermal Power Generation and Fuel Consumption.............................................................................. 124
11.4 Hydel Generation................................................................................................................................................125
11.5 Nuclear Power Plants........................................................................................................................................127
11.6 Renewable Energy..............................................................................................................................................128
11.7 Available Power Generation Capacity......................................................................................................... 129
11.8 Investment Plan for Power Generation Projects..................................................................................... 130
11.9 Economic Load Dispatch System..................................................................................................................136
11.10 Generation Licenses Granted.........................................................................................................................139

12. ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION.......................................................................................................... 151


12.1 General....................................................................................................................................................................151
12.2 Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with NTDC.................................................................................. 151
12.3 Transmission Losses...........................................................................................................................................152
12.4 Utilization of Transmission Lines and Power Transformers................................................................ 153
12.5 Investment Plan - NTDC System...................................................................................................................154
12.6 Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with K-Electric........................................................................... 157

13. ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION............................................................................................................ 165


13.1 General....................................................................................................................................................................165
13.2 Function of Distribution Companies........................................................................................................... 166
13.3 Distribution System Performance.................................................................................................................166

14. ELECTRICITY TARIFF......................................................................................................................... 191


14.1 Tariff Setting..........................................................................................................................................................191
14.2 Tariff Standards....................................................................................................................................................191

LIST OF TABLES............................................................................................................................................... 213

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS.............................................................................................................. 215

SOURCE OF INFORMATION........................................................................................................................... 217

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State of Industry Report 2015

FOREWORD
The power sector is presently undergoing a major transformation where the Federal and Provincial Governments
have aligned their priorities for overcoming the energy crises which have been adversely affecting the social,
economic and financial progress of the country for the past many years. The Government of Pakistan’s (GoP)
efforts for bringing new power generation plants through China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (C-PEC) Agreement
reflects the realization that the country is in dire need of energy resources to satisfy base load requirements.
Similarly, overall generation mix is also planned to have renewable energy projects which will provide necessary
diversification and increased energy security to the sector. The introduction of Re-Gasified Liquid Natural Gas
(R-LNG) Projects is also a step towards adding relatively clean and cheaper energy generation resources.

According to the available plans, more than 17,200 MW are expected to be added to the system. In order to
meet peak time demand about 8,000 MW will be inducted by the end of June, 2017. Although such a target by
June, 2017 is quite ambitious yet this is achievable, as this planned capacity includes Solar and Wind Projects,
3,600 MW R-LNG based Projects, and under-construction hydropower projects at Tarbela and Neelum-Jhelum.
Sustained efforts are, however, required at all levels so that smooth and transparent implementation of these
projects is achieved within the target dates.

While it is satisfying to note that the generation sector has been drawing all the due attention, strengthening
of the transmission and distribution sectors is equally critical. One of the problems faced by these sectors is
their overloaded networks which not only hinder their power transfer capability but also add to wastage of
electricity through increased losses. The constraints on transmission networks have also led to severe power
evacuation problems with the result that the capacities of some of the most efficient plants cannot be utilized
to their optimum level. Therefore, addition of new generation facilities of around 8,000 MW by June, 2017
and strengthening of existing transmission system requires large scale investment in this area, besides hugely
improved managerial performance by NTDC, in order to ensure availability of a reliable transmission system
well before the completion of generation facilities.

In addition to funding constraints, the Distribution Companies (DISCOs) are required to enhance their ability
and competence especially in the areas of designing, specifying and constructing 132 kV facilities which shall
complement the additional energy referred to above.

It is noted that due to better load management policies, fewer agitations and protests were witnessed during
2014-15, especially in the later part of the year. Not only, improvement in uninterrupted supply to the industrial
sector has been ensured, load shedding in the domestic and commercial sectors remained somewhat predictable
whereas unscheduled load shedding hours have been considerably reduced. The improved continued electricity
supply to the industrial sector is expected to help increase the industrial production besides creating more
employment opportunities.

The ability of DISCOs to have accommodated and distributed more than 16,000 MW this year shows an
improvement over the previous year.

The DISCOs did not show any noticeable improvement in their performance and continued with the business
as usual in the areas of T&D losses, recoveries and technical operations. While overall averages for the year in
the above areas remained almost the same as for 2013-14, the second half of the current year (January to June)
showed slight improvements in the above areas relative to corresponding period of 2013-14. The safety aspect
deteriorated which is reflected in the increased number of fatal incidents over the previous year in most of the
DISCOs.

The receivables of distribution sector increased by more than Rs. 120 billion during 2014-15, which on 30th June,
2015 stood at Rs. 633.119 billion. Out of Rs. 120 billion, Rs. 75 billion increase is due to the receivables from
private sector, whereas Rs. 15 billion increase stood against AJK share. Another Rs. 13 billion increase is due to
the Provincial Governments (especially Government of Sindh’s receivables). The Federal Government needs to

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State of Industry Report 2015

pay attention to creating a smooth payment mechanism from the government connections especially in Sindh
and AJK. The recoveries from agriculture connections also remain a source of constant inflow into the circular
debt and cannot be resolved unless the provincial governments lend their active support to DISCOs.

K-Electric, despite having the generation capacity, is continuously carrying out load shedding for certain
categories of its consumers. Although K-Electric has been reporting satisfactory performance in relation to
NEPRA performance standards, the crises in K-Electric territory in June, 2015 have proved otherwise. The findings
of NEPRA’s fact finding team have brought out some real concerns about the health of K-Electric system, these
issues are required to be addressed immediately which need reasonable investment specifically in transmission
and distribution networks.

Although no major steps were taken for the past many years to move towards a competitive market, despite
NEPRA having indicated about the slow pace of reform process initiated in 1992, recent changes by creating a
Central Power Purchasing Agency - Guarantee Limited (CPPA-G) out of the umbrella of NTDC are encouraging
as these changes aimed at not only bringing transparency in the operations of power procurement agency, but
also helping in smooth transition towards market based operations in the power sector.

During the year, the Authority has introduced up-front tariff regimes, in technologies of Solar, Wind, Bagasse,
Small Hydro, R-LNG and Coal. The Authority also announced a number of land mark decisions including grant
of “Special Purpose Transmission Licence” (SPTL) to a private entity, regulations on sale of power by renewable
energy sources and regulations on net-metering regime. It is believed that the above decisions especially about
SPTL and net-metering would prove to be the game-changer in the areas of transmission and distribution
sectors. NEPRA expects that the GoP would also incentivize solar industry so that consumers are encouraged to
participate not only in net-metering regime but also in off-grid application of solar power. Availability of funds
would not only facilitate consumers to install solar panels but will also help in meeting supply-demand gap.

It has been observed that the targets set for the sector are reasonably ambitious but critical at the same time.
It is, therefore, desired that coherent efforts are made in the sector with continuous vigor and zeal. Continuous
monitoring ensuring transparency for timely completion of all envisaged projects is equally important.

The detailed statistics and data provided on the power sector in the State of Industry Report 2015, besides
being a source of information, would also be helpful and useful for the decision makers.

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OVERVIEW 1
State of Industry Report 2015

1. OVERVIEW

Notwithstanding the issues and shortcomings in the power sector, some of the following factors during the
year 2014-15 have shown positive developments as a result of various steps taken by the Federal and Provincial
Governments coupled with international trends in the capital and fuel markets.

1.1 China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (C-PEC) Project


The US$ 46 billion Agreement under China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (C-PEC) Project between the Governments
of China and Pakistan includes around US$ 33.8 billion for various energy projects. Under the C-PEC agreement,
US$ 15.5 billion worth of coal, wind, solar and hydropower projects will add 10,400 MW of energy to the
National Grid. C-PEC also foresees cooperation between the two countries in developing nuclear energy based
projects. It is expected that the development of nuclear and coal projects would meet the necessary base load
requirements in the overall demand profile of the country in the long run. Expensive energy mix has remained
one of the major contributors to relatively higher tariffs for the end-consumers. Coal power plants operating at
high utilization levels will help in bringing down the cost of energy generation.

1.2 Donors’ Support


The support of donor agencies in the infrastructure development and capacity building has resulted in some
noticeable improvement. In the generation sector, refurbishment through USAID funding in public sector
generation companies (GENCOs) has led to recovery of additional useful capacities at relatively better operational
efficiencies. GENCOs were also helped by USAID in carrying out performance testing of their generation
facilities. Through JICA and USAID support, detailed studies for National Transmission and Dispatch Company
Limited (NTDC) have been initiated, including preparation of a National Least Cost Expansion Plan and studies
for absorption levels of renewable energy projects in the National Grid. The World Bank has been providing
assistance for improving the functioning of Central Power Purchasing Agency (CPPA). Similarly, infrastructure
improvement of SCADA system is being contemplated at National Power Control Centre (NPCC), through JICA
support. USAID, World Bank and Asian Development Bank are also helping in importing power from Central
Asian States.

1.3 Load Shedding


Owing to overall monitoring by the Ministry of Water and Power and real time monitoring of power flows at the
feeder level, the DISCOs have been able to achieve marked improvement in demand management. Reportedly,
the load shedding duration has been reduced from 12 hours in 2013 to 6 hours in 2015 in the urban areas.
Similarly, load shedding in the industrial sector has been reduced from 12 hours to 4 hours over the same
period. Rural areas have also witnessed relative reduction in their load shedding hours.

1.4 Reduction in the Cost of Generation


Due to reduction in oil prices in the international market, the cost of generation declined in the year 2014-15,
compared to the last year. A comparison of the two years is shown in the following table:

Source-wise Fuel Cost (Rs./kWh)


Import Average
Source Hydel Coal HSD RFO Gas Nuclear Mixed Wind Solar
Iran Basket Price
2013-14 - 4.05 21.85 15.97 4.81 1.32 9.35 9.31 - - 10.59
2014-15 - 4.50 17.14 12.54 4.81 1.19 10.03 8.23 - - 9.84
Source: NEPRA

It may be noted that up to June 2015, except for coal and import from Iran, which constitute only 0.11% and
0.46% respectively of the overall energy generated, the cost of generating a unit of energy through major fuels
declined. Generation on furnace oil made up 32.66% of total energy. The unit cost of energy on furnace oil
reduced by Rs. 3.43 per kWh. Similarly, the cost of generation on high speed diesel (HSD) which provided 3.01%
of total generation reduced by Rs. 4.71 from 2013-14. The cost of generation on gas remained almost the same.
The reduction in cost of generation was passed on to the consumers for the respective months of 2014-15 as
tabulated herein. An overall impact of the reduction in cost has been noted as Rs. 87.97 billion during the year:

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State of Industry Report 2015

Increase/(Decrease) Rs./kWh
July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. March April May June
0.43 (0.30) 0.52 (0.48) (2.97) (3.24) (2.08) (4.43) (3.62) (1.86) (2.68) (2.19)
Source: NEPRA

1.5 Tariffs of Renewable Energy Projects


The reduction in capital costs and technological improvements in renewable energy has reaffirmed NEPRA's
stance that such projects should be inducted with due consideration to these factors. NEPRA, in order to provide
incentives to investors, and to build their confidence and with a view to introducing wind technology in the
country, determined an upfront levelized tariff of Rs. 13.1998 per kWh, for wind power projects in 2013. In view
of the improvement in technology and overall decline in project costs, the tariff was revised at Rs. 10.6048 in
2015. Similarly, in order to introduce solar technology in the country, NEPRA determined an upfront levelized
tariff of Rs. 17.1216 per kWh in 2014 and the same was capped at a maximum of 50 MW, out of which 46.5 MW
tariff was secured, which in 2015 has been determined at the rate of Rs. 14.8591 per kWh. Renewable energy not
only provides energy security but is also instrumental in saving foreign exchange, guarantees predictability and
is environment friendly. In view of the continuous improvements in technology, reduction in prices and the grid
stability, renewable energy has to be inducted gradually in the system. For creating more space for renewable
energy projects, detailed studies need to be carried out to identify short term and long term expansion plans
for strengthening the grid system.

1.6 Performance of GENCOs


The performance of GENCOs has been a matter of concern for the regulator and an aggressive monitoring
program has been initiated for overseeing GENCOs' regulatory affairs. Earlier, all the GENCOs were advised by
the Authority to carryout performance tests so that degradation in their operational capabilities, efficiencies
and administrative factors like manpower, timely overhauling and maintenance are set afresh. Particularly, the
surplus human resource which is sitting idle due to closure and non-operational plants and over employment are
major factors contributing towards higher cost of generation. NEPRA during forthcoming tariff determinations
for GENCOs will keep these factors in view in order to rationalize their tariff. The surplus and skilled human
resource of these GENCOs can be absorbed and utilized in the upcoming power generation projects.

1.7 Transmission Network NTDC


Under its transmission license, NTDC is required to play a number of roles. As a network operator, it is required
to construct and operate Extra High Voltage transmission lines and grid stations for transporting power from
the existing and new generation facilities to the DISCOs. NTDC has a critical role in the sense that it has to
match not only the availability of its transmission facilities with the timing of new power generation plants, but
also to periodically refurbish and upgrade its existing system to cater for the increased load demand put on by
the DISCOs, besides managing transmission losses. The transmission network of NTDC includes 5,197 km long
transmission lines operating at 500 kV level and 9,814 km long 220 kV lines.

As of 30th June 2015, NTDC is maintaining 13 No. 500 kV grid stations with a transformation capacity of 18,624
MVA. There are 33 No. 500/220 kV transformers and 28 No. 220/132 kV transformers installed at these grid
stations. At 220 kV level, there are 37 grid stations with a transformation capacity of 24,063 MVA. There are
101No. 220/132 kV transformers installed at 220 kV and after inclusion of 28 No. 220/132 kV transformers
installed at 500 kV grid stations, total 220/132 kV transformers come to 129. An overview of the existing
transmission capacity shows that EHV network is barely enough to cater for the present generation capacity.
It has been noted that out of 33, 500/220 kV transformers, 8 are overloaded. Similarly, out of 129 No. 220/132
kV transformers, 90 are overloaded, which if not rectified are a potential threat to the reliable operation of the
system. It is imperative that NTDC besides strengthening of existing transmission network should ensure timely
completion of the planned transmission requirements identified for evacuation of power from the upcoming
generation projects.

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State of Industry Report 2015

1.8 Projected Capacity and Power Balance of NTDC System


The following table provides peak time demand in NTDC system, year-wise capacity additions and resulting
installed capacity till 2020-21:

Financial Year NTDC Peak Demand Capacity Addition per year Total Installed Capacity
ending 30th June (MW) in NTDC System (MW) per year (MW)
2015 21,701 1,504 22,928
2016 23,711 689 23,617
2017 24,871 6,643 30,260
2018 26,105 9,961 40,221
2019 27,408 1,279 41,500
2020 28,773 4,580 46,080
2021 30,156 2,200 48,280
Source: NTDC

If new generation as noted above is added to the system, it is expected that by 2017, negligible deficit will be
faced at the peak time only, while no load shedding during other times be required. However, for this to happen,
not only the generation but the transmission and distribution systems must be strengthened so that constraints
in the existing system are completely removed.

1.9 Expansion Plan of NTDC


To cater for the needs for transmission of power from upcoming generation power plants and strengthening
of existing system, grid station expansion plan of NTDC over the next two years is shown in the following
table, which provides that by the end of 2017, 3 new grid stations at 500 kV level will be added which will add
3750 MVA in transformation capacity in the system, the fourth 500 kV grid station will be complete by the
end of 2020 adding additional 1500 MVA to the system. At 220 kV level, 8 new grid stations with a cumulative
transformation capacity of 5750 MVA will be added in the system. Similarly, one overloaded 500 kV grid station
will be strengthened, while six such grid station at 220 kV level be improved by 2019-20. The adequacy of NTDC
system is discussed further in the later sections of the report.

Grid Station Expansion Plan of NTDC


500/220 kV Grids 220/132 kV Grids
Period of
Report MVA Expected *Estimated Cost Nos. MVA Expected Estimated Cost
Nos. Capacity COD (Rs. Million) Capacity COD (Rs. Million)
New Grid Station
2015-16 3 3750 2016-17 20,399 8 5750 2016-17 26,233
2016-17 1 1500 2019-20 3,500 - - - -
Extension
2015-16 1 430 2016-17 697 - - - -
Addition/Reinforcement of Transformers at Overloaded Grid Stations
2015-16 1 0 2016-17 1,413 - - - -
2016-17 - - - - - - - -
2017-18 - - - - 6 3000 2019-20 16,400
* The cost of 500/220 kV Grid Stations also include the cost of 220/132 kV Transformers.
Source: NTDC

1.10 Timely Completion of Upcoming Projects


It is noted that by June 2017, a large generation capacity has been planned to be added which is expected to
reduce the gap between supply and demand. Similarly, transmission system is required to be strengthened for
evacuation of power from these generation facilities. However, it is noted that to meet these targets, timely
completion of projects is critical and of paramount importance. From the above tables it is also evident that
more than 10,000 MW will be surplus to the demand requirements by 2021, which will essentially be required to
maintain necessary reserve and operating margins in the system as per international practices.

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State of Industry Report 2015

1.11 Power Balance of K-Electric System


The following table shows year-wise projected figures of power balances in respect of K-Electric i.e. planned
generation capability, projected demand growth rate, projected demand during peak hours and surplus/deficit:

Financial Generation* KEL's Projected KEL's Projected


Surplus/
Year ending Capability as per Demand Growth Demand during
(Deficit) (MW)
30th June K-EL (MW) Rate (%) Peak hours (MW)
2015 2,632 - 3,056 -424
2,752
2016 5.00 3,209 -457
(including 20 + 100 MW SNPC)
2,804
2017 5.00 3,369 -565
(including 52 MW FPCL)
3,674
2018 (including 450 LNG + 420 Coal 5.00 3,538 136
Conversion)
4,374
2019 5.00 3,715 659
(including 700 MW Coal)**
2020 4,374 5.00 3,900 474
* includes 650 MW from NTDC
** Subject to approval of acceptable tariff by NEPRA and other regulatory approvals.
Source: K-Electric Limited

It may be noted that the above generation capability data as reported by K-Electric includes 650 MW from NTDC
implying thereby that K-Electric will barely meet its requirements by 2019 provided that additional generation
capacity is timely achieved.

1.12 Environmental Impact of Coal Based Power Plants


Induction of coal based power plants at a large scale would affect the environmental balance due to various
issues related to coal power. These include increased emission levels, particulate matter and disposal of ash.
Similarly, the coal-based power plants proposed to be constructed in mid-country would also require a robust
transportation system for a continued supply of coal. The environmental issues put a huge responsibility on
the relevant environmental agencies for monitoring coal based projects during their planning, construction and
operation stages.

1.13 Infrastructure Development


The Federal Government is also required to ensure availability of infrastructure i.e. road/rail facilities before the
completion of coal-based projects for transportation of coal from the port to project sites without interruption.
Efforts on war footing are also required for the development of infrastructure at port and transmission lines for
R-LNG supply to upcountry power plants.

1.14 Data Reporting


The DISCOs have been continuing with manual record keeping and its functionaries are prone to in-accurate
reporting as well as human errors and discretion, which distort reported data leading to skewed decisions, not
reflecting the true picture. In view thereof, it is reiterated and emphasized that all power sector entities should
immediately explore and adopt automation to have system generated reports to minimize the human factor
thus forming the basis for informed and real time decisions.

1.15 Power Market Reforms


The Authority granted transmission license to NTDC in 2002, which required NTDC to create a number of
entities within its setup. In this respect, CPPA was also created which was responsible for procurement of power
on behalf of DISCOs. Similarly, an independent system operator, a network operator and a contract registrar
were also to be created. The operations of the sector were expected to move forward from a single-buyer mode
to single-buyer-plus mode and finally to a bilateral contract market. Under the structure of bilateral market, the
CPPA and the contract registrar were to be taken out of the NTDC umbrella for the transparency of functions.
Over the years, however, the power sector structure could not make progress as stipulated in the transmission
license as the single-buyer mode has continued. Almost all of the major contracts by IPPs have been entered

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State of Industry Report 2015

into on long terms with CPPA/NTDC through sovereign guarantees of the GoP. During the year, the Authority
considered a Licensee Proposed Modification (LPM) by NTDC for revision in its transmission license and creation
of a new entity as CPPA-G. NEPRA has approved such modification. Creation of CPPA-G will help providing
enabling environment to move from single buyer model to single buyer plus model and finally to the bilateral
contract mode.

1.16 Receivables of DISCOs


The overall receivables of DISCOs at the end of June, 2015 increased by Rs. 120 billion over the previous year. it
is noted that apart from Federal Government and agriculture tube wells in Balochistan which show a reduction
of around Rs. 0.7 billion and Rs. 0.2 billion respectively, receivables from other areas increased. As on 30th June,
2015 the overall distribution sector receivables stood at Rs. 633 billion (including Rs. 43.97 billion pertaining to
K-Electric).

1.17 Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses of DISCOs


DISCOs' performance in the area of losses, has been mixed. Certain DISCOs have reported very slight
improvement; others have maintained the same level of losses, whereas a number of DISCOs have reported
higher losses than they had reported to NEPRA during earlier years. In this respect, PESCO and SEPCO have
shown increase in losses. Adding further to T&D losses is the low recovery ratio of DISCOs. The Authority
assessed a recovery target of 100% while setting the consumer tariff for DISCOs, however according to the
information provided by DISCOs, the actual level of recovery remained around 89.16% for the year 2014-15.

1.18 Circular Debt


Circular debt is still a major issue confronting power sector. One of the contributors of circular debt remained
high transmission and distribution losses in DISCOs. Based on the currently notified consumer-end tariff of 10th
June, 2015, if DISCOs fail to show any improvement in their actual level of losses, the impact of missing the
Authority’s set T&D loss target would result in an annual gap of Rs. 41 billion. It is pertinent to mention that the
authority has set an average loss target of 15.29% for 2014-15, whereas DISCOs' reported losses for the same
period remained around 18.73%.

1.19 Tariff Differential Subsidy


GoP is providing Tariff Differential Subsidy (TDS), primarily to the agriculture and residential class of consumers,
having consumption of up to 300 units. The GoP intends to decrease the gap between NEPRA determined
consumer-end tariff and the GoP notified tariff through imposition of Tariff Rationalization Surcharge on some
categories of consumers of different DISCOs so that its burden in the shape of TDS is reduced from Rs. 135
billion to Rs. 65 billion.

1.20 Multi-Year Tariff (MYT) Regime for DISCOs


According to NEPRA Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules, 1998 determination of DISCOs' tariff requires a very
elaborate procedure to be followed. DISCOs are required to provide extensive information which is generally
delayed. Further delays may occur during notification of tariff. Conducting such proceedings annually have
been proving to be inefficient. Therefore, to streamline the process and to regulate the revenue streams for the
entities involved and further to bring in-built incentives and efficiency, NEPRA has decided to re-introduce MYT
regime. MYT being a performance based tariff will require DISCOs to achieve certain targets of performance
over the control period to receive revenue streams based on known tariffs.

1.21 Generation Capacity of K-Electric


It is noted that K-Electric was required to enhance its generation capacity by 1000 MW over the capacity
indicated in its Generation License. K-Electric has added 1034 MW in the system however it has decommissioned
or permanently closed 685 MW of its existing generation capacity. Therefore, effectively about 349 MW has
been added by K-Electric considering retirement and permanent closure of its generation facilities. Inability
of K-Electric to effectively increase its generation capacity has made it dependent on external power sources,
including the import from NTDC system. To meet its demand, it has to operate its generation facilities and
other resources specifically 650 MW from NTDC at their maximum. It is observed that reserve margins per
international standards are required in order to avert any breakdown in the system.

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State of Industry Report 2015

The contract of power supply between NTDC and K-Electric has already expired, however, the power is still
being imported out of necessity. The Authority has advised K-Electric and NTDC to enter into a contract if such
arrangement is to continue, without which import of 650 MW will be ostensibly illegal and unlawful.

1.22 K-Electric Transmission and Distribution Systems


The Authority has noted that recently with increase in load demand, the tripping on Extra High Voltage
Transmission (EHT) network has increased. Normally, EHT is considered the strongest link between power
generation and consumers as it is used only for transporting electricity, therefore, increased tripping indicates
weakness in K-Electric system.

The loading profile of EHT network during June 2015, shows that out of a total 129 power transformers, 45
are overloaded. Out of these, 16 are overloaded between 90% and 100% whereas a number of transformers
are noted to be operating at more than 100% of their rated capacity. It is also noted that in order to ensure
that power transformers are loaded within their limits, feeders are isolated by K-Electric as a routine, so that
overloading can be avoided. The Authority has noted that EHT system of K-Electric lacks enough capacity to
transmit power to the underlying network. NEPRA has taken cognizance of this unwarranted situation and is
proceeding as per law.

1.23 Upfront Tariffs


Under NEPRA Tariff (Standards and Procedure) Rules 1998, it takes around four months to determine tariff of a
facility. Taking cognizance of the electricity shortage in the country, which has direct bearing on the social and
economic health of consumers besides GDP, NEPRA under its Up-front Tariff (Approval & Procedure) Regulations,
2011 has decided to introduce the regime of up-front tariff. Under this regime, the time has been reduced to 10
days for determination by the Authority in case the investors decide to opt for the respective upfront tariff for
that technology. The regime, besides providing predictability and level playing field for all investors, will also
allow inbuilt incentives for early completion of the projects. Accordingly, up-front tariffs for all technologies i.e.
small hydropower, wind, solar, bagasse, R-LNG and coal have been announced by NEPRA. The up-front tariff
for coal is basically structured on using local coal, which will reduce the import of oil and save from shocks of
volatile oil market, which can rebound any time as has been experienced by power sector in the past. It is to
be noted that the up-front tariffs announced by NEPRA are periodically revised in view of introduction of new
technologies and international market trends.

1.24 Net-Metering Regime


Pakistan has a huge potential for solar-based energy. In order to make optimum use of this potential, NEPRA,
besides announcing up-front tariff for solar technology, has also decided to introduce net-metering regime.

The regime will enable commercial units, industry and household consumers to install solar PV panels on their
roof tops who will be able to sell surplus electricity in the national grid through the mechanism provided in
net-metering regulations. This will not only provide an opportunity for the common man to earn energy based
income but will also mitigate the shortfall of energy, bringing stability in the system. It is expected that GoP will
introduce a financial package to facilitate household consumers as has been done in the case of solar tube well
schemes.

The introduction of this regime will encourage the investors to setup necessary solar panel and allied equipment
manufacturing facilities in the country to further reduce its cost. Such facilities will help in generation
of employment opportunities throughout the country. Solar panels and net-metering are also expected to
encourage provision of electricity in remote areas through off-grid solutions.

1.25 Special Purpose Transmission Licence under Section 19 of NEPRA Act


(Special Transmission Facilities for Private Entities)
Only a distribution licensee has an exclusive right to construct, own, maintain and operate the 132 kV and 11
kV lines/networks in the specified service territory of that DISCO as per provisions under Section 20 and 21 of
the Act. Therefore, no entity can engage in the distribution regime except a DISCO. However, under Section 19

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State of Industry Report 2015

of the Act, the Authority granted a Special Purpose Transmission Licence (SPTL) to a private entity to engage in
construction, ownership, maintenance and operation of specific transmission facilities (66 kV and above) built
for provision of transmission and interconnection services to NTDC and others by connecting its facilities at
transmission and distribution networks.

SPTL regime will not only open the sector, it will reduce response time for attending faults, restoration of system
and increase reliability of transmission and distribution networks. Due to this regime, the opportunities for the
private sector for investment in generation and transmission facilities within reasonable resources will increase.
It is expected that introduction of SPTL regime will facilitate off-grid solutions for supplying electricity through
the technologies like solar and small hydropower plants.

1.26 Recommendations
In view of the above, following recommendations are made:

1.26.1 For the power sector to come out of the existing crises, it is critical that timely completion of planned
power generation projects, specifically through China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is ensured.

1.26.2 For the protection of environment from the emissions by coal power projects, the relevant agencies
must adopt an aggressive monitoring regime before and during operation of such power plants.

1.26.3 Infrastructure for coal transportation and R-LNG are potential hotspots on which the operation of
the mid country coal power plants and R-LNG based power plants is dependent. In view thereof, it
shall be ensured that infrastructure for coal transportation and R-LNG meet the timeline envisaged
for respective projects.

1.26.4 Transmission and distribution are hardly adequate to meet the existing requirements and have little
or no potential to absorb planned generation in the South. In view thereof, it is imperative that
transmission and distribution systems may be strengthened and stabilized besides completion of
new transmission and distribution systems planned to transmit electricity generated by upcoming
projects.

1.26.5 The Federal Government may provide incentives to the households intending to enter into net-
metering regime on the lines already announced for solar tube well schemes.

1.26.6 In order to reduce losses, control theft and improve the service delivery to consumers and effective
revenue recording, use of technology i.e. smart meters/prepaid meters may be immediately
introduced in all DISCOs.

1.26.7 Out-sourcing of inefficient service in distribution system may be explored and considered by the
DISCOs.

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State of Industry Report 2015

12
PERFORMANCE OF
GENERATION SECTOR 2
State of Industry Report 2015

2. PERFORMANCE OF GENERATION SECTOR

2.1 General
The installed generation capacity of the NTDC's system on 30th June, 2015 stands at 22,928 MW, against 21,424
MW on 30th June, 2014 recording an increase of 1,504 MW or 7.02% over the last year. The power plants
connected with NTDC's system generated 97,284 GWh of energy during the year 2014-15, while over the same
period during 2013-14, 93,903 GWh were produced; an increase by 3,381 GWh or 3.60%. During July, 2014 to
June 2015, the major additions to installed capacity of NTDC's system are Guddu (747 MW) and Nandipur (425
MW) thermal power plants. In addition, 320 MW have been added to NTDC's system through renewable and
alternative energy (Solar, Wind and Bagasse) based power plants during 2014-15.

2.2 Source-wise Installed Capacity


The following table gives additional details of installed capacity and energy generation by different power
plants connected with NTDC's system and comparison of last two years:

Installed Capacity Generation Variation


Source (MW) (GWh) Capacity Generation
2013-14 2014-15 2013-14 2014-15 MW % GWh %
WAPDA Hydel 6,902 6,902 31,656 31,877 0 -- 221 0.70
IPPs Hydel 214 214 1,015 1,070 0 -- 55 5.43
Total Hydel 7,116 7,116 32,671 32,947 0 -- 276 0.84
GENCO-I 1,024 1,024 3,152 3,320 0 -- 168 5.32
GENCO-II 1,690 2,437 4,484 5,541 747 44.20 1,057 23.56
GENCO-III 1,965 2,390 5,307 5,203 425 21.63 -104 -1.96
GENCO-IV 150 150 112 141 0 -- 29 26.21
Total GENCOs 4,829 6,001 13,055 14,205 1,172 24.27 1,150 8.81
Thermal IPPs 8,723 8,735 43,706 44,332 12 0.14 626 1.43
Nuclear 650 650 4,208 5,006 0 -- 798 18.97
Wind 106 256 263 459 150 141.50 196 74.58
Bagasse 0 70 0 308 70 -- 308 --
Solar 0 100 0 28 100 -- 28 --
GRAND TOTAL 21,424 22,928 *93,903 *97,284 1,504 7.02 3,381 3.60
* The generation from SPPs/CPPs and energy import from Iran have not been included.
Source: NEPRA

2.3 Hydropower
It may be noted that the installed capacity of WAPDA Hydropower remaining at 6,902 MW in 2014 and 2015, the
31,877 GWh generated in 2014-15 shows an increase of 221 GWh from the last year. Similarly, the IPP (hydel)
also contributed 55 GWh more in the system during 2014-15 with the same installed capacity as in 2013-14. The
hydropower production pattern over the year remained consistent with the historical trends. The availability and
overall performance of hydropower plants has also remained satisfactory during the 2014-15.

2.4 Thermal
On the thermal side, overview of the public sector GENCOs is as follows:

2.4.1 Jamshoro Power Company Limited (GENCO-I)


There has been no increase in the installed capacity of 1,024 MW of GENCO-I Power Stations at the end of June,
2015 over that of 2014. The GENCO-I has a dependable capacity of 830 MW. The energy generated by GENCO-I
during the 2014-15 was 2,961 GWh, while, it was 3,153 GWh in 2013-14; a decrease of 192 GWh or 6.09%, over
last year. Net electrical efficiency of GENCO-I during 2014-15 stood at 28.30%. With a capacity utilization of

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State of Industry Report 2015

45.66% due to forced outages and various maintenance issues, the overall performance of GENCO-I has not
been satisfactory.

2.4.2 Central Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-II)


Total installed capacity of GENCO-II, up to 30th June, 2015 has been noted as 2,437 MW, while the capacity
available for generation i.e. the dependable capacity is observed as 1,952 MW. The installed and dependable
capacities of GENCO-II were 1,690 MW and 1,180 MW respectively at the end of June, 2014. During the 2014-
15, the installed capacity of GENCO-II has increased by 747 MW or 44.20%, as compared to 2013-14, due to the
addition of Guddu 747 power plant. The energy generated by GENCO-II during the 2014-15 has been recorded
at 5,610 GWh, while, it was 4,444 GWh during the 2013-14. The energy generated by GENCO-II during the 2014-
15, has increased by 1,166 GWh or 26.24%, compared with that of the last year.

It is observed that various units of GENCO-II have been off-bar for more than two years due to various maintenance
issues, forced outages, fuel constraints and rehabilitation activities etc. and are not being fully utilized. With
annual efficiency of 33.95% and capacity utilization of only 32.43%, the overall performance of GENCO-II has
been unsatisfactory.

2.4.3 Northern Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-III)


Total installed capacity of GENCO-III, up to 30th June, 2015 has been noted as 2,151 MW, while the capacity
available for generation i.e. the dependable capacity is observed as 1,925 MW. The installed and dependable
capacities of GENCO-III were 1,726 MW and 1,530 MW respectively at the end of June, 2014. During the 2014-
15, the installed capacity of GENCO-III has increased by 425 MW or 21.63%, as compared with that of the year
2013-14, due to the addition of Nandipur power plant. The energy generated by GENCO-III during the 2014-15
was 4,627 GWh, while it was 5,307 GWh during the 2013-14 showing a decline of 680 GWh or 12.81%, compared
with the last year.

It is observed that various units of GENCO-III have remained off-bar since long due to their poor efficiency levels.
The overall net efficiency of GENCO-III is also very low at 24.84%. Furthermore, due to various maintenance
issues, forced outages and fuel constraints etc. resulting in annual capacity utilization of 38.44%, the overall
performance of GENCO-III cannot be termed as satisfactory.

2.4.4 Lakhra Power Generation Company Limited (GENCO-IV)


Total installed capacity of GENCO-IV, up to 30th June, 2015 has been noted as 150 MW, while the capacity
available for generation i.e. the dependable capacity is observed as 30 MW. GENCO-IV had three units of 50 MW,
however, due to lack of proper maintenance and cannibalization, only one unit is in working condition though at
a reduced level for the past number of years. GENCO-IV during 2014-15 generated 102 GWh.

It may be noted that, against the installed capacity of 150 MW, approximately, one third capacity of GENCO-IV
is available for generation, which also is not being fully utilized due to forced outages etc. With net efficiency of
17.74%, the overall performance of GENCO-IV has not remained satisfactory.

2.4.5 Overall Performance of GENCOs


It is noted that, although the total installed capacity of GENCOs' power plants has increased by 1,172 MW during
the 2014-15 (including efficient machines at Guddu), as compared with the capacity of these power stations
during the year 2013-14, the impact of increased capacity of GENCOs power plants is yet to be reflected in
the performance of these power stations. It is noted that overall non-availability of GENCOs on account of fuel
constraints reduced in 2014-15 due to better availability of fuel at all the GENCO power plants. The overall
furnace oil inventory at the five plants supplied by PSO (Muzaffargarh, Jamshoro, KAPCO, HUBCO and Nandipur)
was only 49,123 metric tons in June 2014, which increased to 223,819 metric tons in June 2015.

It is also observed that other than fuel, GENCOs power plants remained off bar, due to various maintenance
issues, forced outages, and rehabilitation activities etc. and their available capacity has not been fully utilized.
The prevailing situation warrants maximum generation from public sector thermal power plants to cater for the
dire need of the system.

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State of Industry Report 2015

2.4.6 Independent Power Producers (IPPs)


Total installed and dependable capacities of thermal IPPs at the end of June, 2015 are noted as 8,735 MW
and 7,935 MW respectively, representing a ratio between dependable and installed capacities of 0.91. These
capacities were 8,723 MW and 7,960 MW during June, 2014 representing a ratio of dependable and installed
capacities as 0.912. The energy generated by thermal IPPs during the year 2014-15 is noted as 45,369 GWh,
against 44,809 GWh during the year 2013-14.

It is also noted that due to certain disputes with NTDC/WAPDA, two IPPs namely Japan Power and SEPCOL are
not contributing power to the grid and if these issues are properly addressed, approximately 270 MW will be
added to the National Grid, which will help reduce the demand and supply gap of the system.

2.4.7 Installed versus Dependable Capacity


The ratios between the dependable capacity and the installed capacity of the four GENCOs are also noted here:

Ratio of Dependable Capacity GENCO-I GENCO-II GENCO-III GENCO-IV


and Installed Capacity (JPCL) (CPGCL) (NPGCL) (LPGCL)
2013-14 0.81 0.70 0.78 0.20
2014-15 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.20
Source: NEPRA

The ratios of dependable capacity and installed capacity for GENCOs and IPPs (indicated earlier) provide clear
evidence about the manner in which the private and public sectors have been able to maintain their power
plants. Whereas such ratios are more than 90% in both the years for IPPs, GENCO-I has a ratio of slightly more
than 0.8, whereas ratios close to 0.8 have been achieved by GENCO-II and GENCO-III, only after new plants
were added (Guddu 747 and Nandipur 425). The present state of GENCO-IV is evidence of typical public sector
management failure, which has deprived the sector of a source of cheap power.

2.4.8 Manpower to MW Ratio


The following table compares the ratio between the number of employees and MW installed in different power
plants in Pakistan and other countries. It may be noted that only one plant in Bangladesh has comparable ratio
with GENCO-II, whereas all other power plants have very low ratios of manpower per MW.

Capacity
S. Installed Capacity No. of Manpower
Power Plant Location Utilization
No. (MW) Employees to MW ratio
(%)
1 HUBCO Pakistan 1,292 300 0.232 64.48
2 KAPCO Pakistan 1,345 588 0.437 58.81
3 Lal Pir Power Pakistan 362 110 0.303 54.29
4 Pak. Gen. Power Pakistan 365 110 0.301 40.29
5 Tongi Power Bangladesh 105 98 0.933 ---
6 NTPC India 652 295 0.452 ---
7 MSEB India 912 277 0.303 ---
8 Power Gen. UK 700 33 0.047 ---
9 GENCO-I Pakistan 1,054 1,578 1.490 45.66
10 GENCO-II Pakistan 2,431 1,977 0.813 32.43
11 GENCO-III* Pakistan 1,921 2,634 1.370 38.44
12 GENCO-IV Pakistan 150 546 3.640 53.33
* Excluding Nandipur and Shahdara Power Plant and including NGPS Multan.
Source: NEPRA, GENCOs

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State of Industry Report 2015

2.5 Nuclear (CHASNUPP-I and II)


During the year 2014-15, total installed and dependable capacity of Nuclear power plants connected with
NTDC's system, are noted as 650 MW and 615 MW respectively, which are the same for the year 2013-14. The
energy generated by Nuclear power plants during the year 2014-15 stands at 5,006 GWh, which is an increase of
798 GWh over the energy during the year 2013-14. The overall performance of Nuclear power plants connected
with NTDC's system has remained satisfactory during the year 2014-15 as no major outage is noted.

2.6 Wind
During 2014-15, total installed capacity of wind power plants connected with NTDC's system, is noted as 256
MW, while, it was 106 MW during the year 2013-14. The installed capacity of wind power plants has increased
by 150 MW during the year 2014-15 due to the addition of three wind based power plants (FWEL-I, FWEL-II and
TGF) having capacity of 50 MW each. 459 GWh of energy has been generated by wind power plants during the
2014-15 against 263 GWh during the 2013-14.

2.7 Bagasse
During 2014-15, three new bagasse based power plants (JDW-II, JDW-III and RYKML) have been connected
with the NTDC's system having total installed capacity of 70 MW, while, there was no bagasse based generating
facility during the year 2013-14. The energy generated by these power plants, during the 2014-15 is noted as
308 GWh.

2.8 Solar
During 2014-15, 100 MW of first solar power project (Quaid-e-Azam Solar) has been added to the NTDC's
system, contributing 28 GWh.

2.9 K-Electric Limited


As for K-Electric Limited, the Implementation Agreement (IA) and the Amended Implementation Agreement (AIA)
put binding requirements on it to make certain investment for refurbishment and development of generation,
transmission and distribution sectors. It is noted that K-Electric was required to enhance its generation capacity
by 1000 MW over the capacity indicated in its Generation Licence. K-Electric has added the following facilities
to its Generation capacity:

Name of Commissioned Plants Capacity (MW) Year


Korangi Combined Cycle Power Plant (KCCPP) 220.00 2009
Gas Engines at Korangi 97.31 2013
Gas Engines at SITE 97.31 2013
CCPP at Bin Qasim 572.67 2013
Steam Turbine at KCCPP 27.50 2015
Steam Turbine at Gas Engines at Korangi 10.00 2015
Steam Turbine at Gas Engines at SITE 10.00 2015
Total 1,034.79
Source: K-Electric Limited

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State of Industry Report 2015

However, at the same time, K-Electric also retired or permanently closed following power plants:

Name of Retired or Closed Plants Capacity (MW) Year


Korangi Thermal Power Station (Unit 4) 125 2013
Korangi Town Gas Turbines Power Station (Units 1, 2 & 4) 75 2013
SITE Gas Turbines Power Station (Units 1, 3, 4 & 5) 100 2013
Korangi Thermal Power Station (Unit 3) 125 2015
Korangi Town Gas Turbines Power Station (Unit 3) 25 2015
SITE Gas Turbine Power Station (Unit 2) 25 2015
Bin Qaim Unit 4 (closed) 210 2012
Total 685
Source: K-Electric Limited

Therefore, effectively about 349 MW has been added by K-Electric considering retirement and permanent closure
of its generation facilities. Since K-Electric is responsible for maintaining integrated systems of generation,
transmission and distribution, therefore shortage of generation capacity is not helpful in overcoming supply
and demand gap. Inability of K-Electric to effectively increase its generation capacity has made it dependent
on external power sources, including the import from NTDC system. To meet demand, it has to operate its
generation facilities and other resources specifically 650 MW from NTDC at their maximum. It may also be noted
that the contract of power supply between NTDC and K-Electric has already expired, however, the power is still
being imported out of necessity.

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State of Industry Report 2015

20
PERFORMANCE OF
TRANSMISSION SECTOR 3
State of Industry Report 2015

3. PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION SECTOR

3.1 General
The transmission line network of NTDC includes 5,197 km long transmission lines operating at 500 kV level and
9,814 km long 220 kV lines. The power generation plants connected at high voltage levels are summarized here:

Voltage Level 500 kV 220 kV 132 kV Total


Installed Capacity (MW) 6,948 9,625 6,172 22,745
Source: NTDC

As of 30th June 2015, NTDC is maintaining 13 No. 500 kV grid stations with a transformation capacity of 18,624
MVA. There are 33 No. 500/ 220 kV transformers and 28 No. 220/132 kV transformers installed at these grid
stations. At 220 kV level there are 37 grid stations with a transformation capacity of 24,063 MVA. There are 101
No. 220/132 kV transformers installed at 220 kV and after inclusion of 28 No. 220/132 kV transformers installed
at 500 kV grid stations, total 220/132 kV transformers come to 129.

3.2 Overloading of Existing Power Transformers


As discussed earlier, the transmission system is critical for a reliable power supply to DISCOs. The following table
shows overloaded (above 80%) transformers at 500 kV and 220 kV grid stations in different regions defined by
NTDC. It is also noted that on average around 11,000 MW to 15,000 MW have been transmitted through these
transformers in different months depending on the generation and electricity load demand. With increasing
demand and more generation expected in the system as a result of upcoming projects, the overloading of
below noted transformers would also increase in future years.

A. Over Loading of 500 kV and 220 kV Transformers at 500 kV Grid Stations:

(above 80%)

Continued.....
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State of Industry Report 2015

(above 80%)

Source: NTDC

B. Over Loading of 220 kV Transformers at 220 kV Grid Stations

(above 80%)

Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

(above 80%)

Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

(above 80%)
T-1 220/132 160 700 660 94.29
Shikarpur T-2 220/132 160 700 640 91.43
T-3 220/132 160 700 640 91.43
T.M.K. T-1 220/132 160 700 690 98.57
Road T-2 220/132 160 700 680 97.14
Khuzdar T-1 220/132 160 700 680 97.14

There are 13 No. 500 kV Grid Stations with 33 transformers at 500/220 kV level. Out of these 8 transformers are
loaded above 80% of their rated capacity. Similarly, out of total 129 No. 220/132 kV transformers 90 transformers
are overloaded representing around 70% overloading in the system.

3.3 Power Dispersal Constraints in Transmission Networks


In addition to overloading of EHV transformers, constraints in power dispersal from certain major power plants
and quality issues in NTDC's system have also been reported. As per information and data reported to NEPRA,
following power plants faced evacuation problems due to transmission constraints.

3.3.1 Uch-II Power (Pvt.) Limited


Uch-II is a low BTU Gas fired power plant having gross capacity of 404 MW and net capacity of 375.2 MW located
at Dera Murad Jamali, District Naseerabad, Balochistan. It was planned to construct a 125 km long 220 kV double
circuit twin bundle transmission line form Uch-II power plant to Sibbi substation for evacuation of power. The
proposed transmission line was to pass through three (03) Districts of Balochistan Province (a) Naseerabad (b)
Kachi and (c) Sibbi. In addition, a 500 kV grid station at Shikarpur was also to be constructed.

Due to non-fulfillment of contractual obligations by NTDC, Uch-II power plant is facing power dispersal
problems, transmission system constraints and frequent tripping on EHV networks. The reasons for delay in
completion of the transmission projects by NTDC are reportedly: (a) Late retendering, (b) Bad law and order
situation in the area, (c) Security threats to Supervisory Engineers, Revenue Staff and Construction Crews and
(d) Failure to start major construction activity on time.

3.3.2 Engro Powergen Qadirpur Limited


Engro Powergen Qadirpur Limited (EPQL) is a combined cycle power plant having installed capacity of 226.52
MW with derated capacity of 223.8 MW located at Qadirpur, District Ghotki, Sindh. This plant is also facing the
problem of low dispatch/part load operation due to limitation and constraints of auto-transformer at 500 kV
Guddu Grid Station, which is reportedly resulting in a revenue loss of Rs. 80 million per year to the GoP.

3.3.3 Altern Energy Limited


Altern Energy Limited (AEL) complex is facing frequent tripping due to over/under voltage from 66 kV WAPDA
grid. Further during the year 2012-13 and 2013-14, AEL has experienced tripping 63 and 99 times respectively
due to WAPDA grid failure resulting in generation loss of 1459.25 MWh and 1309.57 MWh respectively.

3.3.4 TNB Liberty Power Limited


The power evacuation constraints confronted by the company are due to the tripping of grid system and other
technical reasons of transmission lines.

3.3.5 Habibullah Coastal Power Company Limited


The two major issues which have been faced by the generation facility resulting in non-optimal power evacuation
are, gas curtailment during the winter months and low voltage on the power system.

3.3.6 Foundation Power Company (Daharki) Limited


As per PPA signed between NTDC and FPCDL, the plant was to be connected with 220 kV New Rohri Grid, but
due to delay in construction of 220 kV grid and transmission lines, the Daharki power complex was temporarily
connected with 132 kV grid station Sadiqabad. NTDC constructed a temporary grid of 220/132 kV adjacent to

26
State of Industry Report 2015

FPCDL. FPCDL has experienced many tripping since commissioning due to the problems in transmission lines
between Guddu and Sadiqabad. Later on, 220 kV New Rohri grid was commissioned and power dispersal was
provided on both end, but still major part of power dispersal is through 132 kV Sadiqabad which is not an
efficient solution.

3.3.7 Nishat Power Limited and Nishat Chunian Power Limited


Both companies are facing power evacuation problems since commissioning due to constraints in LESCO grid
system. The main problem is the constraint in the capacity of three feeders which connect Bhai Pheru and Sarfraz
Nagar Grids. In case one line is out, the remaining two get overloaded and trip; leading to total shutdown of
both Nishat Power Plants (400 MW) and supply failure at all the above mentioned grids due to disconnection
from NPCC. As reported, Nishat Power has faced 14 such shutdowns during last 12 months. Similarly, Nishat
Chunian has faced 45 shutdowns since commissioning of its plant.

3.4 Induction of New Generation Power Plants


The following table provides yearly additions in the generation capacity as planned under different initiatives
by the federal government and private sector:

Sr. Installed Commissioning


Name of the Project Location
No. Capacity (MW) Date
Addition during Fiscal Year 2015-16
1 Sapphire Wind Power Company Limited Jhampir, Sindh 49.5 October, 2015
2 Appolo Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 December, 2015
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
3 Best Green Energy Pakistan Limited Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 December, 2015
(Zonergy) Punjab
4 Crest Energy Pakistan Limited (Zonergy) Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 December, 2016
Punjab
5 CHASNUPP-III Chashma, KPK 340 March, 2016
Addition during Fiscal Year 2016-17
6 Elbel Green Energy Pakistan Limited Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 July, 2016
(Zonergy) Punjab
7 Flare Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 July, 2016
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
8 Golden Eye Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 July, 2016
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
9 Yunus Energy Limited Jhampir, Sindh 50 July, 2016
10 Metro Power Company Limited Jhampir, Sindh 50 July, 2016
11 Tenaga Generasi Limited Gharo/Bhambore/ 49.5 July, 2016
Kuttikun, Sindh
12 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited Jhampir, Sindh 50 July, 2016
13 Master Wind Energy Limited Jhampir, Sindh 49.5 July, 2016
14 HydroChina Dawood Power Limited Gharo/Bhambore/ 49.5 July, 2016
Kuttikun, Sindh
15 Tapal Wind Jhampir, Sindh 30 July, 2016
16 United Energy Pakistan Limited Jhampir, Sindh 99 July, 2016
17 Zephyr Power (Pvt.) Limited Gharo/Bhambore/ 50 July, 2016
Kuttikun, Sindh
18 Neelum Jhelum Hydel Nauseri/Muzaffarabad, 969 November, 2016
AJK
19 CHASNUPP-IV Chashma, KPK 340 December, 2016
20 High Flying Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 January, 2017
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
21 Indigo Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 February, 2017
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
22 King Rider Solar Development Pakistan Lal Sohanra, Cholistan, 100 February, 2017
Limited (Zonergy) Punjab
23 Tarbela 4th Ext. Project Tarbela, KPK 1,410 March, 2017
24 Patrind HPP Kunhar River, AJK 147 April, 2017
Continued.....

27
State of Industry Report 2015

Sr. Installed Commissioning


Name of the Project Location
No. Capacity (MW) Date
25 LNG Based Plants (Phase-I) Bhikki/Baloki, Punjab 2,400 April, 2017
26 Solar Power Plants near Chishtian Chishtian, Punjab 300 June, 2017
Addition during Fiscal Year 2017-18
27 Keyal Khwar Dasu District, KPK 128 October, 2017
28 Coal Plant at Sahiwal Sahiwal, Punjab 1,320 December, 2017
29 Port Qasim Power Plant Port Qasim Karachi, 1,320 December, 2017
Sindh
30 Engro Thar Coal (Unit-1) Thar, Sindh 330 December, 2017
31 Nooriabad Gas Plant Nooriabad ,Sindh 100 December, 2017
32 Hub Power Company Limited Hub, Balochistan 660 December, 2017
33 Other Wind Power Plants Jhampir/Gharo/Bhambore/ 973 December, 2017
Kuttikun, Sindh
34 Engro Thar Coal (Unit-2) Thar, Sindh 330 April, 2018
35 LNG Based Plants (Phase-II) Haveli Bahadur Shah, 1,200 April, 2018
Jhang, Punjab
36 Coal Plant at Salt Range Salt Range, Punjab 300 June, 2018
37 Tarbela 5th Ext. Project Tarbela, KPK 1,320 June, 2018
38 Hub Power Company Limited Hub, Balochistan 660 June, 2018
39 SSRL Thar, Sindh 1,320 June, 2018
Addition during Fiscal Year 2018-19
40 Golen Gol HPP Chitral, KPK 106 July, 2018
41 Siddiqsons Energy Limited Port Qasim, Sindh 350 June, 2019
42 Lucky Electric Power Company Ltd. Port Qasim, Sindh 660 June, 2019
43 Grange Holding Arifwala, Punjab 163 June, 2019
Addition during Fiscal Year 2019-20
44 CASA Cross Border 1,000 July, 2019
Interconnection
45 Gulpur Poonch River Poonch River/Gulpur, 100 October, 2019
AJK
46 TPS Jamshoro (Phase-1) Jamshoro, Sindh 660 December, 2019
47 TPS Jamshoro (Phase-2) Jamshoro, Sindh 660 March, 2020
48 Dasu HPP-1 7 km upstream of Dasu 2,160 June, 2020
Village on Indus River, KPK
Addition during Fiscal Year 2020-21
49 Karachi Coastal Power Plant (Unit-1) Karachi, Sindh 1,100 August, 2020
50 Karachi Coastal Power Plant (Unit-2) Karachi, Sindh 1,100 June, 2021
Addition during Fiscal Year 2021-22
51 Suki Kinari HPP Kunhar River/ 840 September, 2021
Mansehra, KPK
52 Karot HPP Jehlum River, Distt. 720 June, 2022
Rawalpindi, Punjab
53 Kotli HPP Poonch River/Kotli, AJK 100 June, 2022
54 Azad Pattan HPP Jehlum River/Sudhnoti, AJK 640 June, 2022
55 Coal Plant at Lakhra Lakhra, Sindh 660 June, 2022
Source: NTDC

A summary of above additions is shown in the following table:


(MW)
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Total
Sindh 49.50 477.50 4,373 1,010 1,320 2,200 660 10,090
Punjab 300 3,300 2,820 163 0 0 720 8,303
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 340 1,750 1,448 106 3,160 0 840 6,644
Balochistan 0 0 1,320 0 0 0 0 1,320
AJK 0 1,116 0 0 100 0 740 1,956
Total 689.50 6,643.50 9,961 1,279 4,580 2,200 2,960 28,313
Source: NTDC

28
State of Industry Report 2015

3.5 Future NTDC Network


As discussed earlier new transmission lines and grid stations are essential for the new power generation projects
which also include the projects proposed under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. NTDC has plans to
strengthen its system and also add new transmission facilities to remove system constraints and to cater for
the new power generation. The following figure shows NTDC's EHV transmission system planned up to year
2021-22.

29
State of Industry Report 2015

3.6 NTDC Financial Plans


NTDC has also prepared its 5 years Investment Plan (2015-16 to 2019-20) for construction of new grid stations/
transmission lines and for augmentation and extension in its existing transmission networks as follows:

Financing Requirement for Five Year Plan


Estimated Financing Financing
S. Completion No. of
Description Cost Arranged Required
No. Year Projects
Mil. Rs. Mil. US$ Mil. Rs. Mil. US$ Mil. Rs. Mil. US$
Short Term Plan
1 2015-16 22 94,249 1,174 89,419 1,127 4,830 47
(Ongoing Projects)
Medium Term Plan
2 (Projects Ready for 2016-17 21 106,017 1,153 47,373 557 58,664 596
Implementation)
Long Term Plan
3 (Future Development 2019-20 21 141,882 1,391 51,000 500 90,882 891
Projects)
Total 64 342,148 3,718 187,792 2,184 154,356 1,534
Source: NTDC

Under short term projects, expected to complete in 2015-16, new transformation capacity, augmentation in
transformation capacity and addition in transmission lines are planned as shown in the table here:

Voltage Level Addition in Transformation Capacity (MVA) Addition in


S. No.
(kV) New Augmentation Total Transmission Line (km)
1 500 4500 300 4800 549
2 220 6050 900 6950 687
Source: NTDC

The total estimated cost for above plan is US$ 1,174 million of which an amount of US$ 384 million has already
been incurred. Under medium term projects, expected to complete in 2016-17, 1800 MVA and 3430 MVA of
transformation capacity is to be added at 500 kV and 220 kV grid stations respectively. Further to that 1637 km
and 426 km of 500 kV and 220 kV transmission lines respectively will also be added.

Under long term projects, to be completed by 2019-20, 4500 MVA transformation capacity at 500 kV and
6000 MVA at 220 kV grid stations are to be added. Addition of 1099 km at 500 kV and 543 km long 220 kV
transmission lines is also be expected under long term plan for which US$ 500 million will be financed by the
World Bank and JICA. Remaining financing requirement of US$ 891 million not yet arranged for long term plan.
In addition to the plans up to 2019-20, funding will also be required in 2021-22 to meet minimum objectives of
reliability, requiring all out efforts by the relevant agencies.

3.7 K-Electric Transmission System


Based on the information provided by K-Electric, the year-wise status of Transmission lines and Grid stations is
as follows:

Transmission Lines in km 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


220 kV 321 321 323 323 323
Overhead Lines 132 kV 611 611 611 611 611
66 kV 149 149 149 149 149
220 kV 17 17 15 15 15
Underground Lines 132 kV 150 150 150 150 151
66 kV 0 0 0 0 0
Source: K-Electric Limited

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State of Industry Report 2015

It may be noted that only 2 km of 220 kV overhead transmission lines have been added by K-Electric over the
five years, whereas the underground 220 kV lines have been reduced by 2 km. Only 7 km of 132 overhead lines
and 30 km of 132 kV underground lines have been added in 2010-11 whereas no further additions have been
made over the remaining period till 2014-15 and only 1 km of underground line was added. No additions have
been made in the 66 kV transmission network. The status of Grid Stations owned by K-Electric is as follows:

K-Electric owned Grid 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


Stations No. MVA No. MVA No. MVA N0. MVA No. MVA
220 kV 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000
132 kV 50 n.p 51 n.p. 52 4611 53 4679 54 4732
66 kV 3 n.p. 3 n.p. 3 60 3 60 3 69
Source: K-Electric Limited

Reportedly, K-Electric has added/refurbished 4 grid stations of 132 kV whereas no transformation capacity has
been added at 220 kV level over the 5-year period which stands at 3000 MVA.

31
State of Industry Report 2015

32
PERFORMANCE OF
DISTRIBUTION SECTOR 4
State of Industry Report 2015

4. PERFORMANCE OF DISTRIBUTION SECTOR

4.1 Constraints in DISCOs’ System


DISCOs have constraints in their network which restrict their ability to supply power from their 132 kV network
to 11 kV system. Such constraints in DISCOs' system have taken the back seat up till now, however these are in
fact more damaging as the generation capacity though available, is not being supplied to the end-consumers.
The following table shows that except for two companies having less than 40% overloaded transformers the
others have close to or more than 50% of total transformers overloaded (loaded above 80% of their rated
capacity):

132 kV (As on 30th June, 2015)


Total Capacity of
Total No. of Total No. of Power No. of Power Transformers
DISCOs Power Transformers
Grid Stations Transformers Overloaded (Above 80%)
(MVA)
PESCO 67 176 4,559 95
TESCO 7 17 344 8
IESCO 78 168 4,048 65
GEPCO 52 149 3,800 78
LESCO 89 226 6,610 105
FESCO 62 146 3,984 95
MEPCO 96 201 5,106 131
HESCO 53 91 1,868 61
SEPCO 53 80 1,610 07
QESCO 58 118 2,597 63
Total 615 1,372 34,526 708
Source: DISCOs

At the 11 kV level the problem areas are more pronounced. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, more than 51%, of 11
kV feeders are overloaded. Similarly, more than 51% distribution transformers are also overloaded in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. Such a state of affairs calls for immediate attention of the management of the DISCOs and the
relevant authorities at the federal level. The table below presents details in this respect:

11 kV Feeders Distribution Transformers


No. of No. of No. of No. of
Province
11 kV Over-Loaded % Distribution Over-Loaded %
Feeders Feeders Transformers Transformers
Punjab 5,291 1,465 27.59 441,932 57,672 13.05
Sindh 854 198 23.18 71,555 8,961 12.52
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1,029 526 51.12 75,280 38,792 51.53
Balochistan 570 85 14.91 51,886 8,282 15.96
Total 7,744 2,274 29.36 640,653 113,707 17.75
Source: DISCOs

4.2 Receivables of DISCOs


The overall receivables of DISCOs at the end of June, 2015 increased by Rs. 120 billion over the previous year. it
is noted that apart from Federal Government and agriculture tube wells in Balochistan which show a reduction
of around Rs. 0.7 billion and Rs. 0.2 billion respectively, receivables from other areas increased. As on 30th June,
2015 the overall distribution sector receivables stood at Rs. 633 billion (including Rs. 43.97 billion pertaining to
K-Electric) as shown in the following table:

35
State of Industry Report 2015

Break-up of Receivables of DISCOs Financial Year ended June, 2015 (Rs. in Billion)
Receivables July, 2014 Receivables
S. to June, 2015
Category (FY ended (FY ended
No.
June, 2014) Billing Collection June, 2015)
1 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
a) Federal Governments Departments 0.431 12.207 12.487 0.145
b) Local Bodies under Federal Government 2.344 4.391 5.002 1.730
c) Autonomous Bodies under Fed. Govt. 1.488 6.392 6.284 1.579
d) Defence 0.082 15.855 15.946 -0.043
e) W&P 1.753 1.437 1.270 1.922
  Total Federal Government 6.098 40.282 40.989 5.333
2 AJ&K GOVERNMENT
i) GoP Share 0.402 - - 0.402
ii) DISCOs Share -0.004 - - -0.004
iii) AJ&K Share 37.571 18.732 3.579 52.725
  Total AJ&K 37.969 18.732 3.579 53.123
3 PROVINCIAL GOVT. DEPTTS./AGENCIES
a) Punjab 2.906 19.558 19.036 3.46
b) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 19.851 6.220 6.389 19.715
c) Sindh 56.341 23.086 13.267 66.210
d) Balochistan 5.882 4.169 2.374 7.704
  Total Provincial Govt. Deptts./Agencies 84.980 53.033 41.066 97.089
  TOTAL (1 TO 3) 129.047 112.047 85.634 155.545
4 FATA (DOMESTIC CONSUMERS) 34.248 12.947 10.106 37.089
5 AGRICULTURAL TUBEWELLS IN BALOCHISTAN
i) GoP Share excluding GST subsidy 5.860 3.072 4.000 4.932
ii) GOB Share 2.068 4.609 3.908 2.768
  Total Agri. Tubewells in Balochistan 7.928 7.681 7.908 7.700
6 PRIVATE 313.454 829.053 753.859 388.793
7 IPPS 0.028 0.619 0.629 0.018
8 KARACHI ELECTRIC LIMITED 28.204 51.572 36.000 43.974
  GRAND TOTAL (3+4+5+6+7+8) 512.909 1013.919 894.136 633.119
Source: PEPCO

4.3 Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses of DISCOs


DISCOs' losses remained almost at the same level as for previous year, rather a number of DISCOs have reported
higher losses than earlier years.

DISCOs' Losses (2014-15)


PESCO TESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO HESCO SEPCO QESCO
Targets set by
26.00 22.31 9.44 9.98 11.75 9.50 15.00 20.50 27.50 17.50
the Authority (%)
Actual Results of
34.81 21.68 9.41 10.72 14.10 11.03 15.50 27.08 38.29 23.10
DISCOs (%)
Source: NEPRA/DISCOs

36
State of Industry Report 2015

Adding further to T&D losses is the low recovery ratio of DISCOs. The Authority assessed a recovery target
of 100% while setting the consumer tariff for DISCOs, however as per information the actual level of recovery
remained around 89.16% for the financial year 2014-15.

4.4 Circular Debt


Circular debt is still a major issue confronting power sector. One of the contributors of circular debt remained
high transmission and distribution losses in DISCOs. Based on the currently notified consumer-end tariff of (10th
June, 2015), if DISCOs fail to show any improvement in their actual level of losses, the impact of missing the
Authority’s set T&D loss target would result in an annual gap of Rs. 41 billion. It is pertinent to mention that
the Authority has set an average loss target of 15.29% for the financial year 2014-15, whereas DISCOs' reported
losses for the same period remained around 18.73%.

4.5 Tariff Differential Subsidy


GoP is providing Tariff Differential Subsidy (TDS), primarily to the agriculture and residential class of consumers,
having consumption of up to 300 units. The GoP intends to decrease the gap between NEPRA determined
consumer-end tariff and the GoP notified tariff through imposition of Tariff Rationalization Surcharge on some
categories of consumers of different DISCOs so that its burden in the shape of TDS is reduced. Without such
surcharge, the TDS requirement would have been Rs. 135 billion, which with the tariff rationalization surcharge
would be limited to Rs. 65 billion.

4.6 Constraints in K-Electric System


According to K-Electric, there are a total of 1,431 feeders (11 kV) for supplying electricity to its consumers as
summarized in the following table:

Sept.
Year 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 Total
2008
Addition
--- 88 93 74 35 20 47 53 410
per year
Total
1,021 1,109 1,202 1,276 1,311 1,331 1,378 1,431
Feeders
Source: K-Electric

The record shows that K-Electric has generally supplied around 2100 to 2200 MW to its transmission and
distribution network. Supplying more than above power through the system this June to meet increased load
demand, has brought the constraints in its system to fore with increased tripping of grids, overloading of power
transformers, damage to Pole Mounted Transformers and fire incidents in the grid stations. Such behavior of
the underlying network directly points to inadequacy of its transmission and distribution systems as these could
not support the supply of additional power from generation plants. The Authority attributes this as a failure of
K-Electric to timely plan, strengthen and construct its transmission and distribution networks so that reliable
power supply is ensured.

4.7 Uploading of Performance Reports submitted by DISCOs and K-Electric on Quarterly


Basis on Website
The Authority decided that all DISCOs and K-Electric will upload their Performance Reports on their website,
on quarterly basis for awareness and information of all stakeholders and to fulfill the requirements of donor
agencies. Some of the DISCOs have initiated uploading of their data however the data uploaded in its present
form is not relevant to the needs of the stakeholders and the Regulator.

4.8 Legal Proceedings against DISCOs and K-Electric due to non-compliance of


Performance Standards (Distribution) Rules, (PSDR) 2005
Legal proceedings in the form of explanation and Show Cause Notices were initiated against all DISCOs and
K-Electric due to non-compliance of PSDR, 2005. Accordingly, hearings in the matter were conducted, wherein,
DISCOs were called to justify their position in respect of non-compliance of Distribution Standards.

37
State of Industry Report 2015

38
INITIATIVES
BY NEPRA 5
State of Industry Report 2015

5. INITIATIVES BY NEPRA

NEPRA undertook following initiatives to facilitate setting up of new power plants of various technologies:

5.1 Upfront Tariff for Wind Power Projects


NEPRA announced Upfront Tariff for Wind Power Projects which drew considerable interest of investors. Fourteen
companies, with cumulative of 1128.70 MW, opted for Upfront Tariff for Wind Power Projects announced on 24th
April, 2013. Three cases, 549.20 MW, were processed during the year under review. However, eight companies,
having aggregate installed capacity of 430.30 MW, were able to achieve financial close within the specified
deadline of 31st March, 2015.

Upon expiry of the validity period of the previous Upfront Tariff, the Authority in exercise of its powers under
the Act, Rules and Regulations decided to initiate proceedings for determination of new Upfront Tariff for
generation of electricity from wind. A Public Hearing was held on 16th April, 2015 which was attended by
the Alternative Energy Development Board, Planning Commission, Government of Sindh, Project Developers,
Turbine Suppliers, and various other stakeholders. After detailed deliberations, Upfront Tariff, determined afresh,
was issued on 24th June, 2015. Following levelized Upfront Tariff was determined:

Year Tariff (with 100% Foreign Debt) Tariff (with 100% Local Debt)
(Rs./kWh) (US cents/kWh) (Rs./kWh) (US cents/kWh)
1-10 Years 12.4782 12.2938 15.3226 15.0962
11-20 Years 5.7458 5.6609 5.9208 5.8333
Levelized 10.6048 10.4481 12.7064 12.5186
Source: NEPRA

5.2 Upfront Tariff for New Bagasse based Co-Generation Power Projects
In order to facilitate co-generation power projects, NEPRA announced Upfront Tariff for new bagasse based co-
generation power projects on 29th May, 2013 which was subsequently modified on 28th August, 2013.

Upon expiry of applicability period on 28th May, 2014, the Authority extended the validity of reference Upfront
Tariff up to 28th May, 2015. The application for acceptance of Upfront Tariff filed by Hamza Sugar Mills Limited
(15 MW) was processed and the decision was issued on 12th September, 2014.

5.3 Upfront Tariff for Coal Power Projects


Induction of base-load power plants on relatively cheaper fuels has always been on top of the recommendations
proposed by NEPRA. Therefore, for facilitating efforts of the Federal Government for bringing in large coal-
based power plants, NEPRA announced Upfront Tariff for power plants on imported coal as well as coal at Thar,
having one of the largest reserves of lignite in the world, which is specific for investors in using Thar Coal by
offering them relatively more attractive terms.

The Authority announced the following Upfront Tariffs for imported/local coal based power plants on 26th June,
2014 for various categories for 30 years which was notified vide SRO No. 942(I)/2014 dated 5th October, 2014:

Levelized Tariff (US Cents/kWh)


Capacity (MW) Local Financing Foreign Financing
Local Imported Local Imported
220 9.2978 9.6774 8.2537 8.6417
350 9.2759 9.6240 8.1784 8.5353
660 9.2100 9.5422 8.0116 8.3601
1100 8.7897 9.1198 7.6738 8.0189
Source: NEPRA

41
State of Industry Report 2015

Various companies have unconditionally accepted the Upfront Tariff for Coal announced on 26th June, 2014
including Grange Power Limited (150 MW), Port Qasim Electric Power Company (Pvt.) Limited (2x660 MW),
Huaneng Shandong Ruyi (Pakistan) Energy (Pvt.) Limited (2x660 MW), Lucky Electric Power Company Limited
(660 MW) and Siddiqsons Energy Limited (350 MW).

The Authority announced following Upfront Tariffs based on Thar Coal on 9th July, 2014 for various categories
for 30 years, notified vide SRO No. 51(I)/2015 dated 20th January, 2015:

Levelized Tariff (US Cents/kWh)


Capacity (MW)
Local Financing Foreign Financing
330 9.5643 8.5015
660 9.5668 8.3341
1100 9.1368 7.9889
Source: NEPRA

The Engro Powergen Thar (Pvt.) Limited unconditionally accepted the Upfront Tariff for Coal.

5.4 Tariff for Conversion of Oil to Coal Projects


The Authority has approved the following tariff for coal conversion of existing RFO based Power Plants:

Capacity Levelized Tariff


S. No. Company
(MW) (US Cents/kWh)
1 Lal Pir Power Limited 362 7.2087
2 Pak. Gen. Power Limited 365 7.1672
3 Saba Power Company (Pvt.) Limited 136 7.8919
Total Net Capacity 863
Source: NEPRA

5.5 Upfront Tariff for Solar Power Projects


NEPRA also approved Upfront Tariff for Solar Power Projects during the year for various categories for 25 years
which was notified vide SRO No. 183(I)/2015 dated 3rd March, 2015:

Levelized Tariff (US Cents/kWh)


Capacity (MW)
North Region South Region
>1≤20 MW 15.0279 14.4096
>20≤50 MW 14.8953 14.2825
>50≤100 MW 14.7588 14.1516
Source: NEPRA

Several companies unconditionally accepted the Upfront Solar Tariff announced on 22nd January, 2015. These
included Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited, Appolo Solar Development Pakistan, Best Green Energy
Pakistan Limited and Crest Energy Pakistan Limited with installed capacity of 100 MW each.

5.6 Upfront Tariff for Small Hydropower Projects


NEPRA determined the generation tariff in matter of upfront tariff for Small Hydropower Generation Projects
upto 25 MW installed capacity on 2nd April, 2015:

42
State of Industry Report 2015

100% Foreign Financing 100% Local Financing


Levelized Tariff
(Rs./kWh) (Rs./kWh)
Low Head (1-25 MW) 8.3194 10.8941
High Head (1-25 MW) 7.6177 9.9960
Source: NEPRA

5.7 Upfront Tariff for LNG based Power Projects


The Authority announced the following Upfront Tariffs on 3rd April, 2015 for various categories of LNG based
new power projects for 30 years:

Levelized Tariff (US Cents/kWh)


Capacity (MW) Local Financing Foreign Financing
LNG HSD LNG HSD
225 10.5541 16.8757 10.1767 16.4983
400 9.9604 15.7785 9.5392 15.3572
800 9.7797 15.5099 9.3628 15.0930
Source: NEPRA

5.8 Tariff for Short-Term IPPs


NEPRA determined the generation tariff in the matter of utilization of existing available generation capacity
Policy for Short Term IPP’s on 7th April, 2015. Reshma Power and Gulf Power unconditionally accepted the
upfront tariff for Short-Term IPPs:

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3


Tariff (Rs./kWh) 11.2799 11.2799 11.2799
Source: NEPRA

5.9 Development of NEPRA (Alternative and Renewable Energy) Distributed


Generation and Net Metering Regulations, 2015
In order to encourage and promote renewable energy in Pakistan, specifically solar and wind, the Authority
decided to look into the possibility of introducing net metering at the consumer level. Accordingly, an initial draft
document of NEPRA (Alternative & Renewable Energy) Distributed Generation and Net Metering Regulations
was prepared and uploaded on NEPRA website seeking comments from all concerned stakeholders.

After analyzing the comments of stakeholders, a revised document of NEPRA (Alternative & Renewable Energy)
Distributed Generation and Net Metering Regulations was prepared which was approved by the Authority for
notification.

5.10 Integrated Generation, Transmission and Distribution Plans (IGTDPs)

5.10.1 Development of IGTDPs


Development of IGTDP was initiated to satisfy provisions under:

5.10.1.1 Section 31 (Tariff Setting) and Section 32 (Investment and Power Acquisition Programs) of the NEPRA
Act, 1997.

5.10.1.2 NEPRA Tariff (Standards and Procedure) Rules, 1998.

5.10.1.3 Multi-year Tariff Setting for DISCOs under Federal Government’s National Power Policy, 2013.

5.10.1.4 National Tariff and Subsidy Policy, 2014 (Distribution Margin/Charges Determination and Expansion
Plans).

5.10.1.5 Part–VI (Annual Tariff Methodology), Section 4 of NEPRA Tariff Methodology Guidelines, 2015.

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State of Industry Report 2015

Major objective of IGTDPs is planning of power sector in a coordinated and integrated manner by taking into
account NTDC’s expansion plan and investment plan. IGTDP also requires integration with generation projects
currently under completion and future generation projects to be initiated under the Power Policy, 2013.

NEPRA Tariff Methodology Guidelines, 2015 require an integrated planning process for power sector. In order to
comply with NEPRA Guidelines, Power Policy, 2013 and National Tariff and Subsidy Policy 2014, the Ministry of
Water and Power directed all DISCOs and NTDC to submit their IGTDPs to NEPRA.

5.10.2 .Evaluation/Review of IGTDPs by NEPRA


The following observations were noted while reviewing the IGTDPs of DISCOs:

5.10.2.1 The IGTDPs have been prepared based on a Power Market Survey (PMS) which was carried out
in 2012-13 and the same has been added without updating the assumptions under the present
scenario.

5.10.2.2 The yearly investments have been proposed without discussing the base-line conditions and the
reasons for such base-line conditions. The documents assume that the performance indices as
provided by the DISCOs to NEPRA as part of their Annual Reports are not true reflection of their
performance therefore using these would not provide the true results.

5.10.2.3 Detailed analysis has not been carried out for the whole network. Top-Down approach has been
used and load-flow studies have been carried out to develop expansion plans for 132 kV network
which is then translated to lower voltage expansions.

5.10.2.4 Detailed analysis about 11 kV and below system is missing. This approach totally fails to point out
the issues at the 11 kV and lower levels.

5.10.2.5 The present approach is based only on estimating future growth of load demand and assuming that
expansion based on the simulation studies would by itself take care of different problems.

5.10.2.6 No analysis has been carried out to back up the proposed improvement in Performance Standard
Indices. Similarly, no supporting data has been included to justify reduction in Transmission and
Distribution losses.

5.10.2.7 The benefit to cost ratios and payback period calculations are based on the simulation studies
without linking those to the investment made by the companies over the previous years and whether
DISCOs demonstrated to achieve such savings.

5.10.3 .Recommendations for Resubmission of IGTDPs


In view of the above observations the IGTDPs submitted by the DISCOs were not accepted. The DISCOs were
advised to follow the following guidelines for the preparation of their IGTDPs and resubmit the same for
approval:

5.10.3.1 Identify base line conditions in respect of every feeder and every sub-division including technical
losses, NEPRA’s Performance Standard Indices and voltage profiles in the area.

5.10.3.2 Recommend concrete proposals for improvement in relevant sub-division which are achievable
as-well as measurable. For achieving the desired objectives, categorize the expansion schemes to
include improvement in metering system, event recording, network digitization, loss reduction and
so on.

5.10.3.3 Expansion due to increased demand is only one of the factors. DISCOs are also required to electrify
villages every year which on one hand may not be financially viable and would certainly lead to more
losses. It is important to include such schemes for review of the Regulator.

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State of Industry Report 2015

5.10.3.4 Power Market Survey (PMS) needs to be updated and load growth is also required to be mapped at
the sub-division level. The load flow studies will provide the basis for expansion in the 132 kV system
along with allied substations.

5.10.3.5 The expansion plans need to be linked with the least cost expansion plan which is missing in the
current DISCOs submission.

5.10.4 .Final Guidelines and Formats to Develop IGTDPs by NEPRA


A full round of exercises (Workshops and Consultative Meetings) was conducted with USAID (as Consultant),
NTDC and DISCOs in June, 2015. Finalized guidelines and associated formats have also been delivered to the
licensees for preparation and resubmission of IGTDPs in an appropriate manner within stipulated time period.

5.11 Special Purpose Transmission Licence (SPTL) under Section 19 of NEPRA Act
(Special Transmission Facilities for Private Entities)
Under Section 19 of the Act, the Authority granted a SPTL to a private entity to engage in construction,
ownership, maintenance and operation of specific transmission facilities (66 kV and above) built for provision
of transmission and interconnection services to NTDC and others (such as BPCs) by connecting its facilities at
transmission and distribution networks.

5.12 Development of NEPRA Interconnection Guidelines, 2015


As per requirement under clause 8.2.1 Guaranteed Market, Mandatory Purchase of Electricity of the Policy for
Development of Renewable Energy (RE) for Power Generation 2006, it is mandatory for the DISCO(s) to buy all
the electricity offered to them by the RE projects.

Similarly, clause 6.1 Point of Delivery of the Policy for Power Generation Projects 2002 provides different options
for construction, maintenance and operations of the lines for power dispersal from power plants to point of
delivery. Queries were however raised by the stakeholders about the maximum distance and voltage levels on
which such projects were required to be connected. RE Policy 2006 and NEPRA Grid Code 2005 provided some
of the relevant information; however, the same was not interpreted in a consistent manner.

NEPRA had already issued NEPRA (Sale of Electric Power by Renewable Energy Companies) Guidelines, 2015
which assign and clarify the responsibility of DISCO(s) and Transmission Company about procurement of power.

In addition of the above guidelines, NEPRA formulated the interconnection guidelines which provide a unified
approach about construction of interconnection facilities with the networks of NTDC and DISCOs.

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State of Industry Report 2015

46
MONITORING
OF THE SECTOR 6
State of Industry Report 2015

6. MONITORING OF THE SECTOR

6.1 Visits of DISCOs to Verify/Inspect the Sanctioned Load vis-a-vis Connected Load
During the reported period, NEPRA professionals visited different DISCOs for verification of the sanctioned load
viz-a-viz connected load of consumers for analyzing tripping and overloading position of DISCOs’ system:

So far, GEPCO, MEPCO, HESCO, SEPCO, LESCO, QESCO and PESCO have been visited and meetings with
management of DISCOs were held. Power Distribution Centers were also visited for examining their demand,
supply and load shedding plans.

Inquiries were also conducted about overloading of transformers, feeders and increased number of interruptions.
Random inspection of load of a small sample of consumers (11 kV and 440 V) was also carried out. It was
observed that:

6.1.1 The connected/running load of most of the consumers inspected under domestic, commercial and
industrial B-2 consumers is more than their sanctioned load. Whereas, no action in form of issuing
notices or extending the load has been taken by DISCOs.

6.1.2 A number of Transformers inspected were loaded from 80% to 100% due to which frequent tripping
occur.

6.1.3 11 kV metering rooms inspected were found in poor conditions, having inadequate protection (relay)
system.

6.1.4 Certain lines and Poles were also found in poor condition which lead to increasing number of
interruptions.

6.2 Real Time Monitoring


In order to have improved access to data about the functioning of the sector, a real time monitoring of total
power generation in Pakistan, power demand by DISCOs, allocation of power quota and load shedding plans
will be started shortly, enabling NEPRA for effective evaluation of the performance of its licensees.

6.3 Undue Scheduled/Unscheduled Load Shedding by K-Electric


The Authority noted that undue scheduled/unscheduled load shedding during the recent heat wave in 2015
was carried out by K-Electric. In this regard, the Authority, in order to determine the veracity of data and
implementation of Performance Standards, constituted a team which visited K-Electric, wherein, same of its
grids were also checked and field surveys were conducted. During the visit, certain grid stations of K-Electric
were found in poor conditions lacking proper maintenance.

6.4 Safety Record of Distribution Companies


The safety aspect is considered as one of the most important parameters for judging DISCOs' performance. The
following table shows that except for LESCO and SEPCO the number of safety incidents increased from last year.
DISCOs will be asked to explain their position in this matter.

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State of Industry Report 2015

Number of Safety Accidents for both Employees and Public


DISCOs/Years 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PESCO 19 25 25 20 29
IESCO 19 15 10 12 15
GEPCO 9 11 10 12 15
LESCO 25 29 14 35 24
FESCO 32 22 26 29 29
MEPCO 21 14 12 17 34
HESCO 46 26 7 14 22
SEPCO - 3 3 45 34
QESCO 20 16 07 02 20
K-Electric 26 14 9 5 4
Source: DISCOs

DISCO-wise Number of Safety Accidents


50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
PESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO HESCO SEPCO QESCO K-Electric

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

6.5 Annual Performance Report (APR) of NTDC


As per requirements of Rule 9 of Performance Standards (Transmission) Rules (PSTR) 2005, APRs submitted by
both NTDC and K-Electric for 2014-15, were analyzed and a comprehensive Performance Evaluation Report
(PER) was prepared. As per PSTR, 2005 a comparison was made for each of the evaluated parameter for the last
five years i.e. from 2010-11 to 2014-15.

APR of NTDC for the year 2014-15 indicates variation in voltage limits beyond the permissible limits of ±5%
(Normal Condition) and ±10% (N-1 Condition) of nominal voltage. Such deviations of NTDC from the permissible
voltage limits reveal the voltage profile for 220 kV Sibbi and Khuzdar Grid Stations remained as low as 180 kV
and 185 kV respectively under normal conditions. Further, voltage limits violations show an increase of 6.2% as
compared to 2013-14. It is noted that during 2014-15, most of the circuits of NTDC have not complied with the
voltage limits as mentioned in PSTR, 2005. NEPRA would initiate necessary proceedings on the performance of
NTDC under applicable documents.

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State of Industry Report 2015

6.5.1 Number of Voltage Variations (Violating Prescribed Criteria)


The performance indicator for NTDC with a region-wise breakup is shown as follows:

Condition Region 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


Islamabad 14,081 13,413 24,065 22,539 30,165
Lahore 20,570 44,172 57,363 55,990 68,552
Normal
Multan 713 182 1,660 1,560 1,439
Hyderabad 17,014 20,754 26,347 43,973 28,958
Islamabad 4,677 1,788 3,215 2,906 1,914
Lahore 1,878 5,980 7,730 11,545 11,684
N-1
Multan ‒ ‒ ‒ 12 ‒
Hyderabad 5,770 6,241 9,666 2,087 6,669
Total NTDC (Normal) 52,378 78,521 109,435 124,062 129,114
Total NTDC (N-1) 12,325 14,009 20,611 16,550 20,267
Total NTDC (Normal & N-1) 64,703 92,530 130,046 140,612 149,381
Source: NTDC

Region-wise Voltage Variations Violating Prescribed Criteria [Nos.]


150,000
125,000
100,000
75,000
50,000
25,000
0

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

The region wise details of voltage variations along with a comparison for the preceding years are shown as
follows:

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State of Industry Report 2015

A. Islamabad Region (Total Number of Violations)


S. No. Grid Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 500 kV Rawat 611 3,749 7,473 7,242 9,376
2 500 kV Peshawar 1,108 1,521 3,807 335 2,538
3 220 kV Bannu 5,388 473 502 3,381 3,413
4 220 kV Burhan 76 8 30 73 422
5 220 kV Daud Khel 4,725 3,132 4,642 4,863 8,714
6 220 kV ISPR 27 77 13 19 9
7 220 kV Mardan 4,189 4,535 5,161 5,328 4,653
8 220 kV Shahi Bagh 2,100 1,288 4,975 3,840 1,991
9 220 kV University 534 418 677 364 963
Total 18,758 15,201 27,280 25,445 32,079
Source: NTDC

B. Lahore Region (Total Number of Violations)


S. No. Grid Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 500 kV Gatti 294 416 789 335 1,189
2 500 kV Nokhar – – – – –
3 500 kV Sheikhupura 78 621 75 78 4,837
4 220 kV Bund Road 707 325 3,035 4,574 4,031
5 220 kV Gakkhar 2,946 1,445 1,639 902 997
6 220 kV Jaranwala 70 19 222 303 278
7 220 kV Kala Shah Kaku 3,995 5,014 8,863 9,114 10,410
8 220 kV Ludewala 1,441 468 646 543 442
9 220 kV Nishatabad 148 0 0 0 20
10 220 kV NKLP 6,937 26,528 28,037 26,251 22,707
11 220 kV Ravi 3,192 7,070 13,756 14,693 19,209
12 220 kV Samundri Road – 24 204 556 1,160
13 220 kV Sarfaraz Nagar 1,317 3,752 3,806 4,636 3,531
14 220 kV Sialkot 1,323 1,533 1,207 1,022 982
15 220 kV WAPDA Town – 2,937 2,814 3,216 4,976
16 220 kV Shalamar Commissioned/Energized on 05-03-2014 1,312 5,165
17 220 kV Ghazi Road Commissioned/Energized on 05-03-2014 61
18 220 kV Bandala Commissioned/Energized on 26-06-2014 –
19 220 kV T.T. Singh Commissioned/Energized on 28-06-2015 241
 Total 22,448 50,152 65,093 67,535 80,236
Source: NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

C. Multan Region (Total Number of Violations)


S. No.  Grid Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 500 kV Multan 10 1 - 13 20
2 500 kV Muzaffar Garh - - - - -
3 500 kV Yousafwala - - 2 6 257
4 220 kV Bahawalpur 31 131 15 421 305
5 220 kV Muzaffar Garh 100 2 184 - 4
6 220 kV Vehari 572 48 1,459 1,132 764
7 220 kV Okara Commissioned/Energized on 30-06-2014 75
8 500 kV D.G. Khan Commissioned/Energized on 05-08-2014 14
9 220 kV Kassowal Commissioned/Energized on 15-07-2015 -
Total 713 182 1,660 1,572 1,439
Source: NTDC

D. Hyderabad Region (Total Number of Violations)


S. No. Grid Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 500 kV Dadu 112 1,315 1,641 2,863 2,525
2 500 kV Guddu - - - 1,584 2,538
3 500 kV Jamshoro 1,375 673 1,925 1,744 2,112
4 500 kV NKI 2,337 3,884 2,738 4,596 5,389
5 220 kV Dharki 50 11 21 - -
6 220 kV Hala Road 2,624 206 1,086 2,570 162
7 220 kV Quetta 5,376 6,032 6,058 12,636 12,020
8 220 kV Rohri 15 14 330 182 1,060
9 220 kV Shikarpur 214 106 200 1,108 572
10 220 kV Sibbi 10,415 14,302 20,782 17,243 5,841
11 220 kV T.M. K. Road 266 452 1,232 1,534 946
12 220 kV Khuzdar Commissioned/Energized on 09-06-2014 & 24-08-2014 1,140
13 220 kV Loralai Commissioned/Energized on 05-08-2014 & 29-08-2014 1,322
Total 22,784 26,995 36,013 46,060 35,627
Source: NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

6.5.2 System Frequency


The data submitted by NTDC for 2014-15 indicates 1264 variation in frequency limits beyond the permissible
limits of 49.50 Hertz and 50.50 Hertz. It is also noted that such variations in frequency limits ranged from 45
Hertz to 58.63 Hertz Prima facie contravening Rule 8 of the PSTR, 2005. The following tables and figures show
the system frequency profile.

NTDC Highest System Frequency (2010-11 to 2014-15)


Month 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
July 50.54 50.56 50.48 50.20 50.71
August 50.53 50.48 50.52 50.31 50.68
September 50.56 50.44 50.56 50.22 50.55
October 50.43 50.44 50.45 50.35 50.69
November 50.44 50.56 50.40 50.30 50.62
December 50.39 50.48 50.40 50.28 58.63
January 50.40 50.44 50.21 50.70 54.69
February 50.40 50.36 50.10 50.63 -*
March 50.48 50.48 50.34 50.63 50.65
April 50.44 50.40 50.30 50.68 50.66
May 50.50 50.44 50.26 50.60 50.69
June 50.48 50.48 50.23 50.57 50.68
* Value can’t be validated.
Source: NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

NTDC Lowest System Frequency (2010-11 to 2014-15)


Month 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
July 48.99 48.72 48.76 49.05 48.74
August 48.84 48.72 48.80 49.15 48.91
September 48.91 48.72 48.72 49.35 48.93
October 48.81 48.80 48.80 49.50 48.99
November 49.02 48.92 48.72 49.31 48.83
December 48.80 48.76 48.72 49.15 45.00
January 48.80 48.72 49.10 48.67 45.00
February 48.78 48.80 48.66 48.87 49.06
March 48.81 48.76 49.40 48.92 49.11
April 48.75 48.76 49.32 48.89 49.02
May 48.62 48.76 49.48 49.20 49.20
June 48.68 48.76 49.20 49.19 -*
* Value can’t be validated.
Source: NTDC

NTDC Lowest System Frequency

6.6 Annual Performance Report (APR) of K-Electric


The data submitted by K-Electric in its APR for 2014-15 indicates variation in frequency limits number of times
beyond the permissible limits of 49.50 Hertz and 50.50 Hertz. It was observed that in the month of July and
November the minimum frequency limit was 48.97 Hertz and 48.94 Hertz respectively. Similarly, in the month
of August and December the maximum frequency limit was 50.64 Hertz and 50.82 Hertz respectively. This
data indicates, that K-Electric has not complied with the frequency limits which are permissible under NEPRA
Performance Standards Transmission Rules (PSTR,) 2005. The following tables and figures show K-Electric system
frequency profile along with a comparison with the preceding years.

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State of Industry Report 2015

K-Electric Highest System Frequency (2010-11 to 2014-15)


 Month 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
July 50.92 50.61 50.60 51.15 50.58
August 50.97 50.96 51.05 51.70 50.64
September 50.61 50.90 50.65 51.70 50.51
October 50.81 50.46 50.65 51.69 50.53
November 50.52 50.55 50.57 51.93 50.55
December 50.73 50.57 50.76 51.68 50.82
January 50.54 50.61 50.80 51.15 50.54
February 50.58 50.56 50.59 51.10 50.51
March 50.77 50.90 50.72 51.91 50.58
April 50.47 50.28 51.08 51.28 50.51
May 50.65 51.25 51.49 51.06 50.57
June 50.73 50.78 51.55 51.72 50.52
Source: K-Electric

KE Highest System Frequency


52.00

51.50

51.00

50.50

50.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

K-Electric Lowest System Frequency (2010-11 to 2014-15)


 Month 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
July 48.80 48.51 48.56 48.61 48.97
August 48.80 48.60 48.60 48.68 49.10
September 48.80 48.60 48.59 48.73 49.13
October 48.80 48.51 48.60 48.80 49.18
November 48.80 48.67 48.60 48.74 48.94
December 48.80 48.60 48.59 48.76 49.15
January 48.79 48.60 48.50 48.61 49.07
February 48.80 48.52 47.12 48.80 49.39
March 48.88 48.60 48.80 48.59 49.26
April 48.40 48.60 48.74 48.63 49.26
May 46.64 48.54 48.63 48.66 49.29
June 46.38 48.59 48.62 48.80 49.32
Source: K-Electric

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State of Industry Report 2015

KE Lowest System Frequency


49.50
49.00
48.50
48.00
47.50
47.00
46.50
46.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Above statistics about voltage and frequency limits indicates that NTDC and K-Electric have failed to maintain
their Transmission Lines and Grid Stations as required under NEPRA Rules, Licences and Codes. In view of above,
explanations have been called from both the NTDC and K-Electric under Rule 4 (1) and (2) of the NEPRA (Fines)
Rules, 2002.

6.7 Energy not served in KE System


The following table and figures show the energy not served in the K-Electric system for the last five years i.e.
from 2010-11 to 2014-15.

Year-wise Overall System Energy Not Served (MWh)


S. No. Name of Circuit
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1 KDA - Federal B 0 218 0 172 91
2 KDA - Maymar 0 227 0 178 95
3 KDA - Gulshan 0 131 0 103 55
4 KDA - Johar 0 113 0 89 47
5 KDA - Memon Goth 0 183 0 144 77
6 Pipri - RECP 0 52 35 0 0
7 Pipri - BOC 0 39 26 0 0
8 Pipri - Port Qasim 0 96 64 0 0
9 Pipri - KEPZ 0 78 52 0 0
10 Pipri - Landhi 0 74 49 0 0
11 Pipri - Korangi Town 0 65 44 0 0
12 Pipri - Steel 1 0 15 10 0 0
13 Pipri - Steel 2 0 15 10 0 0
14 Korangi West - Defence 8 182 361 144 286
15 Korangi West - PRL 0 48 95 38 75
16 Korangi West - Gizri / Baloch 17 334 664 264 526
17 Korangi West - Korangi East 0 373 740 295 586
18 Korangi West - DHA 1 0 19 38 15 30
19 Queens Road - Elander Road 1 16 96 190 110 92
20 Queens Road - Elander Road 2 16 96 190 110 92
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

Year-wise Overall System Energy Not Served (MWh)


S. No. Name of Circuit
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
21 Queens Road - Gizri 145 497 987 574 477
22 Queens Road - Clifton 41 707 1,405 817 679
23 Queens Road - Old Town 97 516 1,025 597 496
24 Mauripur - Haroonabad 1 468 704 49 631 342
25 Mauripur - Haroonabad 2 468 815 49 631 342
26 Baldia - Hub Chowki 7 51 30 56 32
27 Baldia - SGT 1 16 204 120 222 129
28 Baldia SGT - SITE 16 204 120 222 129
29 Baldia - Orangi 52 663 389 723 418
30 Baldia - Valika 43 578 339 630 364
31 ICI - PTA 0 - - - -
Total 1,410 7,393 7,081 6,765 5,460
Source: K-Electric

6.8 Frequent Tripping of Transmission and Grid System in NTDC


During the reported period, NTDC's investments and O&M expenditure over last five years were evaluated to
know its priorities. Specifically, information was obtained to confirm that NTDC invested on those grids where
heavy tripping occurred. The Authority has noted that NTDC could not prioritize its investment for improving
those grids where tripping occurred last year.

These observations were sent, in the form of an advisory to the Ministry of Water and Power. NTDC was also
asked to provide the details about its plans for the next cycle of foggy weather. NEPRA teams also visited
NTDC's following grid stations of Islamabad Region to monitor the precautionary measures taken by NTDC in
this regard:

220 kV Burhan Grid Station November 13, 2014


220 kV University Grid Station November 14, 2014
500 kV Rawat Grid Station November 14, 2014

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State of Industry Report 2015

During visit, it was found that maintenance of lines and grids has not been taken as per their SOPs prepared
by NTDC. It was also noted that there was no proper record mechanism and equipment were found in poor
conditions.

Further, during the reported period, a major system disturbance occurred in January, 2015 due to tripping at
500 kV Guddu grid station followed by cascaded outages and system breakdown. Taking serious notice of the
incident, NTDC/NPCC was asked by the Authority for detailed explanation. Based on the presentation, the
concerns of the Authority were sent to Ministry of Water and Power and NTDC.

6.9 Handing Over of Switchyards of GENCOs to NTDC


During the reported period, GENCO-III requested the Authority to allow its handing over of the switchyard of
TPS, Muzaffargarh to NTDC as it has no expertise to maintain this grid. Based on the requirements under the
Grid Code, the Authority decided that GENCO-III shall continue to maintain its own switchyard as the protection
schemes of switchyards and grid stations are totally different.

6.10 Implementation of Performance Standards (Generation) Rules, (PSGR) 2009


The quarterly reports on Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) as per requirements of Performance Standards
(Generation) Rules, 2009 have been collected from different generation companies i.e. public sector GENCOs,
IPPs and hydel plants for the year 2013-14 and 2014-15, which are under analysis. During review, it has been
observed that the data submitted by public sector GENCOs is inconsistent and does not meet the requirements
of PSGR.

The submitted data by IPPs i.e. HUBCO, FKPCL, Foundation Power etc. was also analyzed and found that the
performance of IPPs is relatively better than public sector GENCOs. However, there is also a need of training
for awareness of PSGR, 2009. It was also found that non-availability of fuel is the main reason of the poor
performance of IPPs. Similarly, analysis of hydel power stations like Tarbela, Mangla, Chashma, Ghazi Barotha is
also being carried out.

It is important to note that the data about KPIs would be used for benchmarking their performance for using in
the subsequent tariff determinations.

6.11 Implementation of Grid Code


NTDC has created a “Grid Code Implementation Cell” to monitor compliance with various provisions of the Grid
Code, as the Grid Code was approved by NEPRA in June, 2005 as an “Applicable Document”. NTDC is pursuing
the administration/enforcement of various provisions of the Grid Code through Grid Code Cell of NTDC, and
keeps NEPRA informed of its activities in this regard. During the reported period a number of meetings of Grid
Code Review Panel were held to discuss Grid Code Addendum-I, Development of Grid Code Addendum-II for
induction of Solar Power Plants, Development of Grid Code Addendum-III for Small Hydel Power Plants and
Issue of Power Factor Range etc. The Authority approved Grid Code Addendum-II for integration of Solar Power
Plants.

A major study is also being conducted by NTDC Grid Code Review Panel for setting up a maximum limit on the
induction and absorption of renewable energy projects, specifically wind and solar so that there is no adverse
effect on the operation and performance of National Grid. However, the delayed finalization of the study by
NTDC is hindering further progress in this area.

6.12 Implementation of Distribution Code


For addressing the matters related to Distribution Code, a workshop regarding implementation of Distribution
Code (Establishment of Distribution Code Review Panel) (DCRP) was conducted by NEPRA in October, 2014 at
Lahore. The purpose of establishing DCRP is to ensure implementation of Distribution Code in true letter and
spirit. During workshop, following decisions were made:

6.12.1 Initially Chairman of DCRP will be from LESCO for a period of two (02) years with effect from 21st
October, 2014.

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State of Industry Report 2015

6.12.2 After two (02) years, next Chairman from other DISCOs will be on rotation basis on alphabetical order
for a period of 01 year.

6.12.3 First meeting of the members of DCRP, will be arranged by LESCO before 30th of November, 2014.

6.12.4 The NTDC will provide proper support and guidance to LESCO, in the functioning/establishment of
DCRP.

6.12.5 Website of DCRP will be established by LESCO and mechanism of feedback will also be given due
consideration.

6.12.6 Initially Secretariat Support will also be provided by LESCO.

First meeting of the DCRP was held in February, 2015, wherein, concerns of DISCOs pertaining to interconnection
issues of generators and upcoming solar and wind projects were discussed.

6.13 Development of Power Safety Code


As per requirements of Distribution Code and Grid Code, all Licensees shall have comprehensive, NEPRA
approved Power Safety Code in place and available at all times. Pursuant to instructions of the Authority, the
first draft of Power Safety Code for Transmission and Distribution Licensees was uploaded on NEPRA’s website
and sent to all the concerned stakeholders as well for their comments before finalizing it.

Based on the comments of stakeholders the Authority approved the Power Safety Code for Transmission and
Distribution licensees on 8th July, 2015. The Authority also decided that LESCO and MEPCO will prepare a standard
Draft Safety Manual in the light of approved Power Safety Code for Transmission and Distribution licensees to
be adopted by other DISCOs as well. The Authority further directed NTDC for developing its Safety Manual for
the approval of the Authority. The approved document noted above is also uploaded on NEPRA’s website.

Further, all the public sector GENCOs and IPPs have been directed to submit their safety manuals for consideration
and approval of the Authority. Some of the IPPs have submitted their safety manuals which are under review.

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INITIATIVES
BY STAKEHOLDERS 7
State of Industry Report 2015

7. INITIATIVES BY STAKEHOLDERS

7.1 Market Structure


The market structure envisaged by NEPRA has been outlined in the transmission licence granted to NTDC.
The license stipulates a time frame for moving from a single-buyer mode to a competitive market mode. As
indicated in earlier sections of report the bilateral market structure required creation and operation of a number
of entities for which the Authority noted that progress towards a market structure has not been made as planned.
A CPPA has been in operation, however its present role may not support the objectives of a competitive market.
Therefore, there was an urgent need to review the present role of CPPA so that its functioning is more aligned
to the overall objectives.

7.2 Creation of Central Power Purchasing Agency - Guarantee Limited (CPPA-G)


In view of the above and for bringing transparency, promote corporate culture and keep check on circular debt,
the Federal Government proposed for the separation the CPPA from NTDC to create an independent company
named as Central Power Purchasing Agency - Guarantee Limited (CPPA-G).

The CPPA-G will be an independent company and shall be performing the function of settlement of dues of
electricity between buyers and sellers. It is international best practice and imperative to separate the functions
and business of settlement and development of competitive power market structure from the generation,
transmission and distribution systems. The move is being said a major reform the power sector so a to achieve
efficiency through transparent settlement of power sector dues and build industry standards to manage the
power sector business.

7.3 Modification in Transmission Licence of NTDC


Pursuant to Section 17 of Regulation of Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power Act, 1997 (XL
of 1997) and subject to provisions of Section 7 (4) thereof, NEPRA granted Transmission Licence No. TL/01/2002
on 31st December, 2002 to NTDC for a period of 30 years valid upto 30th December, 2032.

NTDC sought a modification to the Article 7 and 8 of its Transmission Licence through a Licensee Proposed
Modification (LPM) for separating the procurement of power on behalf of DISCOs and the settlement, from the
network functions performed by NTDC. The administration and development of competitive power markets will
also be among the functions of a separate corporate entity; CPPA-G.

It may be noted that CPPA under the umbrella of NTDC was foreseen as a transition measure before taking it
out of NTDC, which has core functions of transmission network and system operation business.

NEPRA after following the due process under its law has approved modification in NTDC license and Federal
Government is now in the process of transferring the agency functions (power procurement on behalf of DISCOs
and the function of settlement, administration and development of competitive power market).

7.4 Market Operator Registration (Standards and Procedure) Rules, 2015


NEPRA has recently approved the Market Operator Registration (Standards and Procedure) Rules, 2015 to
authorize CPPA-G as market operator which is responsible to commence and conduct the power market
operations such as:

7.4.1 Financial and Organizational Affairs


7.4.2 Accounting Practices and Audit
7.4.3 Maintenance of Records

A preliminary design of power market along with timelines towards a competitive regime is also specified in the
document that will substitute the existing single buyer arrangement in the sector.

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State of Industry Report 2015

7.5 PPIB Policy for Private Sector Transmission Projects 2015


A large scale capacity additions in the electrical generation system are planned in the next few years which will
necessitate corresponding augmentation in the transmission network. Due to the encouraging response of the
private sector for investment in power generation and the constraints on public sector resources, the GoP has
decided to solicit proposals from the private sector for investment in the field of AC and DC Extra High Voltage
(EHV) Power Transmission Lines, Substations, and Converter Stations.

7.6 Central Asia-South Asia (CASA-1000) Project


The CASA 1000 project is a comprehensive initiative to interconnect Tajikistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Afghanistan
and Pakistan to form a Central Asia-South Asia (CASA) Regional Electricity Market. The core elements of the project
include: a 500 kV, 750 km HVDC power interconnection with DC/AC conversion capacities of 1300 MW at Sangtuda
(Tajikistan), 300 MW at Kabul (Afghanistan) and 1300 MW at Peshawar (Pakistan); and a 500 kV, 477 km high voltage
alternating current (HVAC) power Interconnection between Kyrgyz Republic (Datka substation) and Tajikistan
(Khoujand substation). The HVDC converter capacity in Pakistan (Peshawar) is equal to that in Tajikistan (Sangtuda).
This provides flexibility for Pakistan to absorb up to 1300 MW, should Afghanistan not need to import its entire share.
The present project cost is estimated to be around US$ 873 million (SNC Lavalin, February, 2011).

CASA-1000 project is unique in the sense that it was multi-seller and multi-buyer sort of arrangement and four
countries were involved in it as foundation members. Under open access, other states of the Central and South
Asia may also get engaged in the project. It was pursued under the concept of establishing an inter-regional
electricity trade arrangement among the four participating countries. In view of its unique characteristics and
upon the request of the participating countries, USAID with the support of World Bank established a CASA
Secretariat to undertake all pre-construction project development activities.

In view of the complexity of the transaction, the contracting parties decided to supervise the project development
through a body named as “Inter-Governmental Council” (IGC), headed by the relevant Ministers of four counties.
IGC decided that this Project will be implemented by Parties as “Contractual Joint Venture”. Moving forward with
this concept, the legal counsels of the participating counties as well as of CASA Secretariat were of the view that
there should be a “Master Agreement” (MA) and five independent PPAs to establish the contractual relationship
among the parties.
The MA and PPAs between NTDC and transmission entities of sellers (Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan) were finalized
in the first week of April, 2015 and signed on 24th April, 2015.

7.7 Import of Electricity from Iran

7.7.1 Import of 74 MW (Jackigur – Mand)


WAPDA and Tavanir Iran entered into an Agreement for sale and purchase of 74 MW of Power from Iran to
Pakistan to meet the demand of Makran Division Balochistan comprising the Districts of Turbat, Gwadar and
Panjgoor and border towns of Mashkail, Mand and Taftan. The existing tariff was agreed within the limit of 7.00
to 10.00 Cents/kWh. Iran has also offered to supply 30 MW additional capacity on the same transmission line.
Total supply would be 104 MW.

7.7.2 Import of 100 MW (Polan – Gawadar)


A Contract was signed between Tavanir and NTDC on 7th February, 2007 for supply of 100 MW for Gwadar for
30 years and the Tariff at US cents 6.25/kWh. Export Development Bank of Iran will finance 70% and remaining
30% will be financed by NTDC’s out of its own sources. 220 kV double circuit Transmission Line and 220 kV GIS
grid station are being constructed at Gwadar by Sunir-Iran. The project cost is estimated as Euro 31 million.

7.7.3 Import of 1000 MW (Zahedan – Quetta)


A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Iran and Pakistan on 8th April, 2007 for supply of
1000 MW. In this regard, a Feasibility Study was conducted jointly by Moshanir (Iran) and NESPAK (Pakistan) and
submitted on 26th April, 2010. The main points of the Feasibility Study are as follows:

7.7.3.1 The Parties agreed to HVDC interconnection on ± 500 kV level. Converter and Switching stations at
Zahedan and Quetta will be constructed.

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State of Industry Report 2015

7.7.3.2 Total length of Transmission line will be around 678 km. 93 km will be constructed in Iran and 585
km will be constructed in the territory of Pakistan.

7.7.3.3 Iran will construct dedicated 1300 MW power plant at Zahedan for supply of 1000 MW to Pakistan.

The total estimated cost of transmission line project will be US$ 700 million. The cost of ± 500 HVDC
interconnection project including two HVDC converter/Inverter substations is estimated to be approximately
US$ 700 million excluding the cost of 1300 MW power plant needs to be constructed on the Iranian side. Tavanir
consented for financing the HVDC Interconnection Project cost in its own territory (approximately US$ 265
million) side for this project. The parties agree to finance the HVDC Interconnection Project for Pakistani side
(approximately US$ 435 million), as follows:

7.7.3.4 70% which is approximately equals to US$ 300 million will be arranged and financed by Iranian
Financial Institutions.

7.7.3.5 30% which is approximately equals to US$ 135 million will be financed by Pakistani Financial
Institutions.

7.7.3.6 Upon the approval of Economic Coordination Committee (ECC), an application for determination of
Tariff has been submitted to NEPRA.

PPA is required to be finalized with Tavanir to initiate further progress on the Project.

7.8 Alternative and Renewable Energy Developments


The GoP is promoting the use of Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) technologies in order to diversify
its energy mix so as to ensure Energy Security, Economic Benefits, Social Equity and Environmental Protection.
Alternative and Renewable Energies have the potential of being a strong contributor in the envisaged diversified
energy mix. Alternative and Renewable Energy resources are widely and abundantly available in Pakistan that
can be effectively and efficiently utilized for power generation.

AEDB, acting as a one-window facility for the development and promotion of ARE technologies in the country,
has undertaken a number of supportive measures for the promotion and development of RE technology in
the country and to attract private sector investments. With all the requisite ingredients in place - a proven RE
potential, robust policy framework, enabling tariff structures and bankable security documents, the RE sector of
Pakistan has become an investment destination for private investors and has attracted a foreign investment of
more than US$ 3 billion during the last one year.

7.8.1 Steps/initiatives for Development of ARE Sector


AEDB has undertaken a number of measures in order to promote ARE technologies and to attract private sector
investments, which include:

7.8.1.1 Development of large scale grid connected power generation projects using wind, solar, biomass
and bagasse.

7.8.1.2 Identification of new corridors for wind and solar energy projects development. Detailed ground
correlated resource mapping of wind, solar and biomass is being carried out thought ESMAP – World
Bank’s Assistance.

7.8.1.3 Framework for Power Co-Generation-2013 (Bagasse/Biomass) approved by ECC for high pressure
boiler based power generation from the existing sugar mills. 1500-2000 MW of power is expected to
be generated in next 3-4 years.

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State of Industry Report 2015

7.8.1.4 Standard Security Agreements (EPA and IA) developed for wind, solar and biomass co-generation
projects.

7.8.1.5 National Grid Code for wind and solar has been amended. Grid Integration Plan 2010-2015 for wind
power projects developed by AEDB to support NTDC.

7.8.1.6 Trainings and capacity building of partner departments like NTDC, NEPRA, PMD, DISCOs, Provincial
Government Departments, etc. have been arranged by AEDB.

7.8.1.7 Standardized Project Agreements developed for wind, bagasse and biomass power projects. Standard
Projects Agreements for solar power projects being developed.

7.8.1.8 Local manufacturing of RE equipment promoted. DESCON has setup a wind turbine tower
manufacturing facility and has provided towers for the first wind project in Pakistan. CWE has also
established a tower manufacturing facility which will be upgraded to wind turbine assembling facility
in future. AEDB has acquired license of micro-hydel turbines and disseminated to local manufacturers.

7.8.1.9 Use of solar based off-grid applications such as solar water heaters, solar-water pumps, solar street
lights etc. is being promoted.

7.8.1.10 In order to restrict the import of sub-standard solar equipment, quality standards for import of solar
equipment are being introduced.

7.8.1.11 Banks and donor agencies are being approached to announce consumer financing for ARE
applications such as solar home systems, solar water pumps etc.

7.8.2 On-Grid Projects


AEDB is pursuing the development of ARE based power generation projects through private investors under RE
Policy 2006. The current status of on-grid ARE based power projects is as follows.

7.8.2.1 Wind
• 05 wind power projects of 255.9 MW operational.
• 09 wind power projects of 477 MW are under construction.
• 15 wind power projects of 634 MW in different stages of development.
• 17 wind power projects of 950 MW are at initial stage.

7.8.2.2 Solar
• 01 solar PV project of 100 MW installed.
• 03 solar PV projects of 300 MW under construction.
• 35 solar PV projects of 1393.44 MW in different stages of development.
• 18 solar PV projects of 852 MW are at initial stages.

7.8.2.3 Biomass
• 03 biomass projects of 82.7 MW operational.
• 10 biomass projects of 333.4 MW in development stages.
• 07 biomass projects of 240 MW are at initial stages.

7.8.3 Off-Grid Applications


AEDB is also promoting the use of RE technologies for distributed generation and off-grid applications. These
include:

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State of Industry Report 2015

• Solar PV based systems for domestic, commercial and industrial sectors.


• Solar water pumping.
• Solar water heating.
• Solar street lights.
• Biogas plants.
• Mini/micro hydel power for distribution generation.

The use of ARE technologies for power generation is also being promoted for captive and grid spill-over
purposes. In this regard, NEPRA on the request of AEDB, has announced NEPRA (Alternative and Renewable
Energy) Distributed Generation and Net Metering Regulations, 2015 which will enable the consumers to supply
surplus power generated through ARE sources to the National Grid.

The following table provides details of renewable energy projects:

A: Existing Projects (in-operation and under construction)


S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 FFC Energy Limited 49.50 May, 2013 133.557
2 Zorlu Energy Pakistan Limited 56.40 July, 2013 143.740
Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan (Pvt.)
3 50 November, 2014 130.279
Limited
4 Foundation Wind Energy-II Limited 50 December, 2014 124.907
5 Foundation Wind Energy-I Limited 50 April, 2015 125.899
Sapphire Wind Power Company (Pvt.)
6 49.50 January, 2016 120.00-130.00
Limited
7 Metro Power Company (Pvt.) Limited 50 August, 2016 125.236
8 Yunus Energy Limited 50 August, 2016 120.00-130.00
9 Master Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
10 Hydrochina Dawood Power (Pvt.) Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
11 United Energy Pakistan Limited 99 September, 2016 240.00-260.00
12 Tapal Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 30 September, 2016 72.00-78.00
13 Tenega Generasi Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
14 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
Solar PV Technology:
15 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 100 July, 2015 151.4
16 Appolo Solar Development Pakistan Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
17 Best Green Energy Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
18 Crest Energy Pakistan Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
Bagasse/Biomass Technology:
19 JDW Sugar Mills Limited (Unit-II) 26.35 June, 2014
Based on
20 JDW Sugar Mills Limited (Unit-III) 26.35 October, 2014
Upfront Tariff
21 RYK Mills Limited 30 March, 2015
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

B: Future Projects
S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 Sachal Energy Development (Pvt.) Limited 50 June, 2017 133.918
2 Hawa Holding Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
3 China Sunec Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
4 Jhampir Wind Power (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
5 Trident Energy (Pvt.) Limited 10 January, 2018 24.00-26.00
6 Burj Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 14 April, 2018 33.60-34.40
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
7 50 April, 2018 120.00 -130.00
Limited (A)
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
8 50 April 2018 120.00-130.00
Limited (B)
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
9 50 April, 2018 120.00 -130.00
Limited (C)
10 Hartford Alternative Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
11 Wind Eagle Limited (1) 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
12 Wind Eagle Limited (2) 50 July, 2018
13 Western Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
14 Zephyr Power (Pvt.) Limited 50 August, 2018 134.099
15 Titan Wind Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2018 24.00-26.00
Solar PV Technology:
16 Zonergy (Pvt.) Limited 600 June, 2016 840.00-900.00
17 Access Electric (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
18 Buksh Solar (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
19 Sanjwal Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 5.04 August, 2016 8.00-9.50
20 Safe Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 10.28 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
21 Access Solar (Pvt.) Limited 11.52 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
22 Blue Star Hydel (Pvt.) Limited 1 August, 2016 1.562
23 Blue Star Electric (Pvt.) Limited 1 April, 2017 1.562
24 Harappa Solar (Pvt.) Limited 10 June, 2017 14.00-15.00
25 Fauji Foundation 10 August, 2017 14.00-15.00
26 Siddiqsons Energy Limited 50 September, 2017 70.00-75.00
27 Integrated Power Station 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
28 Jafri and Associates 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
29 Solar Blue (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
30 RE Solar (Pvt.) Limited (1) 20 December, 2017 28.00-30.00
31 RE Solar (Pvt.) Limited (2) 20 December, 2017 28.00-30.00
32 Hanergy Global Solar Asia Pacific Limited (1) 50 May, 2018 70.00-75.00
33 Hanergy Global Solar Asia Pacific Limited (2) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
34 Janpur Energy Limited (1) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
35 Janpur Energy Limited (2) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
36 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (1) 5.65 June, 2018 7.00-8.00
37 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (2) 5.65 June, 2018 7.00-8.00
38 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (3) 11.30 June, 2018 16.00-17.00
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost


Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Sino Pak Energy Development Company (Pvt.)
39 10 June, 2018 14.00-15.00
Limited
40 Ayan Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 June, 2018 70.00-75.00
41 Total Energies Nouvelles Ventures 100 December, 2018 140.00-150.00
42 AJ Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 December, 2018 14.00-15.00
43 Adamjee Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited 5 December, 2018 7.00-8.00
44 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (1) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
45 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (2) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
46 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (3) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
47 Crystal Energy (Pvt.) Limited 2 May, 2019 3.50-4.00
48 ACT Solar (Pvt.) Limited 50 May, 2019 70.00-75.00
49 Asia Petroleum 30 June, 2019 42.00-45.00
50 Forshine (Pakistan) 50 June, 2019 70.00-75.00
Bagasse /Biomass Technology:
51 Chiniot Power Limited 62.40 2015
52 Hamza Sugar Mill Limited 15 2016
54 Layyah Sugar Mills Limited 41 2016
55 Safina Sugar Mills Limited 20 July, 2016
53 Alliance Sugar Mills Limited 19 2017 Based on
56 Almoiz Industries Limited 36 2017 Upfront Tariff
57 Etihad Power Generation Limited 67 January, 2017
58 Shahtaj Sugar Mills Limited 15 2018
59 Chanar Energy Limited 22 2018
60 RYK Energy Limited 36 2018

C: Proposals of following Projects accepted by AEDB and issuance of LOI:


S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
2 Metro Power Company Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
3 Electrique (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
4 Shaheen Foundation (PAF) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
5 Emerald Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
6 Aleph Systems (SMC-Pvt.) Limited 100 2019 240.00-260.00
7 Wind Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Power China Huadong Engineering
8 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Corporation Limited
9 Indus Wind Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
10 NASDA Energy (Pvt.) limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
11 Green Power (Pvt.) Limited (1) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
12 Green Power (Pvt.) Limited (2) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
13 Trans Atlantic Energy (Pvt.) Limited (1) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
14 Trans Atlantic Energy (Pvt.) Limited (2) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost


Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
15 MepconIncemet Energias Renovables 50 2019 120.00-130.00
16 Master Green Energy Limited 100 2019 240.00-260.00
17 Din Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Solar PV Technology:
18 MST Power (Pvt.) Limited 5 2019 7.00-8.00
19 RT Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 2019 14.00-15.00
20 Ravi Renewable Energy 20 2019 28.00-30.00
21 Gran Solar 20 2019 28.00-30.00
22 First Solar (Pvt.) Limited 2 2017 2.80-3.00
23 Pakistan PV Power 01 (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
24 KSJ International FZE 200 2019 280.00-300.00
25 Sapphire Wind Power Company Limited 40 2019 56.00-60.00
26 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
27 Metro Solar Power Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
28 Master Solar Energy Limited 20 2019 28.00-30.00
29 Uch-II Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 2019 14.00-15.00
30 China Han Power Company Limited (1) 50 2019 70.00-75.00
31 China Han Power Company Limited (2) 200 2019 280.00-300.00
32 Liberty Solar (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
33 Adamjee Power Generation 5 2019 7.00-8.00
34 Conergy 20 2019 28.00-30.00
35 Fotwatio Renewable Ventures 50 2019 70.00-75.00
Bagasse/Biomass Technology:
36 Ansari Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
37 Bandhi Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
38 TAY Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
Based on
39 Faran Sugar Mills Limited 25 2019
Upfront Tariff
40 Shakargarj Mills Limited (1) 40 2019
41 Shakarganj Mills Limited (2) 60 2019
42 Indus Sugar Mills Limited 25 2019
Notes: The expected dates for some of the projects as provided by AEDB do not exactly match with the expansion plans
provided by NTDC. For consistency of report the data provided by NTDC has been used in the analysis.

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MISCELLANEOUS 8
State of Industry Report 2015

8. MISCELLANEOUS

8.1 Promulgation of New Rules/Regulations


The following Rules/Regulations/Guidelines and amendments in existing Rules and Regulations have been
promulgated during the period being reported:

8.1.1 NEPRA (Market Operator Registration, Standards and Procedure) Rules, 2015

8.1.2 Standards Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Inspection, Examination and Provision of Copies
of Documents, 2015

8.1.3 NEPRA (Sale of Electric Power by Renewable Energy Companies) Guidelines, 2015

8.1.4 NEPRA Guidelines for determination of Consumer-end Tariff (Methodology and Process),
2015

8.1.5 Amendment made in NEPRA (Tariff Standards and Procedure) Rules, 1998

8.1.6 Amendment made in NEPRA Performance Standards (Distribution) Rules, 2005

8.1.7 Amendment made in NEPRA (Fines) Rules, 2002

8.1.8 Amendment made in NEPRA (Uniform System of Accounts) Rules, 2009

8.2 Advisories issued by NEPRA to the Government of Pakistan

Sr. No. Subject Sent to


Delay in finalization of Security Documents in the matter of Upfront Solar Ministry of Water and
1
Power Projects Power
Ministry of Water and
2 Frequent Tripping EHV Transmission and Grid System during Foggy Weather
Power
Delay Caused in Execution of Hydropower Projects due to repeated extensions Ministry of Water and
3
of Letter of Intents Power
Advisory in the matter of Finalizing PPA ad IA in the stipulated time regarding Ministry of Water and
4
Solar Power Projects Power
Delay in Finalization of Security Documents in the matter of Upfront Tariff of Ministry of Water and
5
Solar Power Projects Power
Delay Caused in Execution of Hydropower Projects due to repeated extensions Ministry of Water and
6
of Letter of Intents Power
Ministry of Water and
7 Transmission System Breakdown on 24th January, 2015
Power
Need for Strengthening the Security Measures at Grid Stations/ Switches of Ministry of Water and
8
Generating Companies Power

8.3 Consumer Affairs


Safeguarding the interest of consumers and protection them from discriminatory treatment or victimization
is a vital objective of NEPRA. The Consumer Affairs Department is responsible for handling the complaints of
consumers who can approach NEPRA without any procedural hindrance. NEPRA has established its Regional
Offices at all the Provincial Capitals in order to facilitate the electricity consumers for speedy redressal of their
grievances.

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State of Industry Report 2015

Status of Complaints during the Period 1st July, 2014 to 30th June, 2015
NEPRA Head Office
Total Complaints Total Complaints Under
Distribution Company
Received/Processed Disposed of/Redressed Process
PESCO 104 93 11
IESCO 212 198 14
GEPCO 111 101 10
LESCO 194 176 18
FESCO 139 131 8
MEPCO 800 761 39
HESCO 234 220 14
SEPCO 233 218 15
QESCO 16 15 1
KE 1,540 1,500 40
BTPL 2 2 0
Total 3,585 3,415 170
Source: NEPRA

NEPRA Regional Offices


Total Complaints Total Complaints Under
Distribution Company Received/Processed Disposed of/Redressed Process
PESCO 91 89 2
LESCO 92 86 6
FESCO 61 60 1
GEPCO 48 48 0
MEPCO 95 93 2
HESCO 2 2 0
SEPCO 1 0 1
QESCO 34 15 19
KE 23 15 8
Total 447 408 39
Source: NEPRA

8.3.1 .Achievements/Development
Following cases referred by Honorable Lahore High Court to NEPRA have been decided by NEPRA:

8.3.1.1 Writ Petition No. 5327/15 in the matter of Rana Muhammad Ali against LESCO.
8.3.1.2 Writ Petition No. 5329/15 in the matter of Mr. Farasat Ali against LESCO.
8.3.1.3 Writ Petition No. 847/15 in the matter of Mr. Mohammad Safdar vs LESCO.
8.3.1.4 Mr. Allah Dad S/o Muhammad Khan vs FESCO.
8.3.1.5 WAPDA Employees Cooperative Housing Society vs GEPCO.

In addition to above, following court cases are under process:


8.3.1.6 Writ Petition No. 2204/08: Shifa International Hospital vs IESCO (referred by Islamabad High Court).
8.3.1.7 Writ Petition No. 2958/13: Mian Muhammad Ayaz and others vs NEPRA and others (referred by
Peshawar High Court).

Further, main cases pertaining to K-Electric have been decided by NEPRA:


8.3.1.8 Charging of meter rent by K-Electric Limited.
8.3.1.9 Bill collection charges of Rs. 8/- being charged by K-Electric from its consumers.
8.3.1.10 6 complaints against K-Electric with respect to email floated by K-Electric regarding excessive billing.

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Energy Sector
Overview 9
State of Industry Report 2015

9. Energy Sector Overview


Primary commercial energy supplies in Pakistan comprise of oil, natural gas, coal, hydro and nuclear electricity.
The primary energy supplies of the country during 2013-14 increased by 3.50% and reached 66.85 MTOE as
compared to 64.59 MTOE during the same period last year. The overall contribution of gas in primary energy
supplies of the country, during 2013-14, was the highest with 30.96 MTOE (46.32%) followed by the Oil 23.01
MTOE (34.42%), Hydro Electricity 7.61 MTOE (11.38%), Coal 3.59 MTOE (5.37%), Nuclear Electricity 1.22 MTOE
(1.82%), LPG 0.36 MTOE (0.54%) and Imported Electricity 0.10 MTOE (0.15%).

9.1 Oil
The balance recoverable reserves of crude oil of the country as on 30th June, 2014 were 371.029 million barrels
while the production during 2013-14 was recorded as 31.58 million barrel. The total oil refining capacity of
the country as on 30th June, 2014 was 18.79 million tonnes per year while the total crude oil processed in the
refineries of the country were 11.76 million tonnes. The total import of the crude oil of the country during 2013-
14 was 8.04 million tonnes which cost an amount of 6572.68 million US$ while during 2012-13 the total import
of crude oil was 7.40 million tonnes with total cost of 6006.10 million US$. The consumption of petroleum
products (Furnace Oil, Light Diesel Oil, High Speed Diesel and Motor Spirit) in power sector during 2013-14 was
recorded as 9.01 million tonnes while during 2012-13 it was recorded as 7.75 million tonnes.

9.2 Gas
The balance recoverable reserves of natural gas of the country as on 30th June, 2014 were 23.64074 trillion cft.
while the production during 2013-14 was recorded as 1493508 million cft. The consumption of natural gas
in power sector during 2013-14 was recorded as 349535 million cft. while during 2012-13 it was recorded as
362262 million cft. The total network for distribution of natural gas in Pakistan as on 30th June, 2014 was 149516
km. The total number of natural gas consumers in Pakistan, as on 30th June, 2014 was 7373708 of which the
share of domestic, commercial and industrial consumers were (7285402), (77697) and (10609), respectively.

9.3 Coal
The estimated total coal reserves of the country as on 30th June, 2014 were about 186 billion tonnes while
production of coal during 2013-14 was recorded as 3.44 million tonnes. The total coal imported by the country
during 2013-14 was 3.12 million tonnes, which cost an amount of Rs. 31072 million. The total coal consumption in
power sector during 2013-14 was 160710 tonnes as compared to 63039 tonnes, same period last year. However,
the electricity generated through coal during 2012-13 and 2013-14 was 40 GWh and 112 GWh respectively.

9.4 Primary Energy Supplies


The main primary energy production of the country consists of oil, gas, coal, nuclear electricity net generation
(converted to Btu using the nuclear plants heat rate); and conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted
to Btu using the fossil-fueled plants heat rate). The primary commercial energy supplies by source from 2009-10
to 2013-14 is given in table 1.

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TABLE 1
Primary Energy Supplies by Source (MTOE)
Annual
Fiscal Hydro Nuclear Imported
Unit Gas Oil1 LPG2 Coal Total Growth
Year Electricity3 Electricity3 Electricity4
Rate (%)
Million
30.81 19.81 0.40 4.62 6.71 0.69 0.06 63.09
2009-10 TOE 0.83
% share 48.83 31.39 0.63 7.33 10.63 1.10 0.09 100.00
Million
30.68 20.67 0.34 4.35 7.59 0.82 0.06 64.52
2010-11 TOE 2.27
% share 47.55 32.04 0.53 6.74 11.77 1.27 0.10 100.00
Million
32.03 19.96 0.32 4.29 6.81 1.26 0.07 64.73
2011-12 TOE 0.32
% share 49.49 30.83 0.50 6.62 10.52 1.94 0.10 100.00
Million
31.14 20.97 0.31 3.86 7.13 1.09 0.09 64.59
2012-13 TOE -0.21
% share 48.22 32.47 0.48 5.98 11.03 1.68 0.14 100.00
Million
30.96 23.01 0.36 3.59 7.61 1.22 0.10 66.85
2013-14 TOE 3.50
% share 46.32 34.42 0.54 5.37 11.38 1.82 0.15 100.00
1
Excluding petroleum products exports and bunkering.
2
Include imports and production from field plants.
3
Converted @ 10,000 Btu/kWh to represent primary energy equivalent of hydro and nuclear electricity as if this was generated by using fossil fuels.
4
WAPDA importing electricity from Iran since October, 2002.
Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook, HDIP, Islamabad

Figure 1. Primary Energy Supplies by Source (MTOE)


33.00
30.00
27.00
24.00
21.00
18.00
15.00
12.00
9.00
6.00
3.00
0.00
2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
Gas Oil LPG Coal Hydro Electricity Nuclear Electricity

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State of Industry Report 2015

9.5 Final Energy Consumption


Final energy is a form of energy available to the user following the conversion from primary energy. Gasoline
or diesel oil, purified coal, purified natural gas, electricity, mechanical energy are different forms of final energy.
When going from primary energy to final energy, there are always loss of some energy which depends on the
efficiency of the conversion device. The final energy consumption by source from 2009-10 to 2013-14 is given
in table 2.

TABLE 2
Final Energy Consumption by Source (MTOE)
Annual
Fiscal Year Unit Gas2 Oil1 LPG Coal2 Electricity3 Total Growth
Rate (%)
Million TOE 17.02 10.83 0.58 4.28 6.05 38.77
2009-10 3.81
% share 43.91 27.93 1.49 11.05 15.62 100.00
Million TOE 16.78 11.25 0.50 4.03 6.28 38.84
2010-11 0.19
% share 43.20 28.97 1.30 10.36 16.17 100.00
Million TOE 17.62 11.62 0.48 4.06 6.25 40.03
2011-12 3.05
% share 44.02 29.03 1.20 10.14 15.62 100.00
Million TOE 17.52 12.22 0.53 3.66 6.25 40.18
2012-13 0.40
% share 43.60 30.41 1.31 9.11 15.56 100.00
Million TOE 16.28 12.72 0.59 3.45 6.79 39.82
2013-14 -0.91
% share 40.88 31.94 1.47 8.65 17.06 100.00
1
Excluding consumption for power generation.
2
Excluding consumption for power generation and feedstock.
3
@ 3412 Btu/kWh being the actual energy content of electricity.
Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook, HDIP, Islamabad

Figure 2. Final Energy Consumption by Source (MTOE)


18.00

16.00

14.00

12.00

10.00

8.00

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00
2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14

Gas Oil LPG Coal Electricity

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State of Industry Report 2015

9.6 Fuel Consumption in Power Sector


The share of installed generation capacity of thermal power plants using oil, natural gas and coal to the total
installed generation capacity in the country, during 2014-15, was about 67.74% while the electricity produced
by the thermal power plants, during 2013-14, to the total electricity generated in the country during same
period was about 66.25%. The statistics of different fuel used and their percent share to the total fuel used for
thermal electricity generation of the country from 2009-10 to 2013-14 are given in table 3.

TABLE 3
Fuel Consumption for Thermal Power Generation (TOE)
Fiscal Furnace Annual Growth
Unit Gas Diesel Oil Coal Total
Year Oil Rate (%)
TOE 7,106,962 8,339,330 262,499 56,141 15,764,932
2009-10 3.28
% share 45.08 52.90 1.67 0.36 100.00
TOE 6,493,766 7,827,500 105,160 43,169 14,469,595
2010-11 -8.22
% share 44.88 54.10 0.73 0.30 100.00
TOE 6,732,876 7,206,839 203,072 46,800 14,189,587
2011-12 -1.94
% share 47.45 50.79 1.43 0.33 100.00
TOE 7,084,177 7,342,755 218,584 28,204 14,673,720
2012-13 3.41
% share 48.28 50.04 1.49 0.19 100.00
TOE 6,602,422 8,486,744 304,994 71,902 15,466,062
2013-14 5.40
% share 42.69 54.87 1.97 0.46 100.00
Source: Pakistan Energy Yearbook, HDIP, Islamabad

Figure 3. Fuel Consumption for Thermal Power Generation (%)


55.00
50.00
45.00
40.00
35.00
30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
Gas Furnace Oil Diesel Oil Coal

80
ELECTRICITY
SECTOR OVERVIEW 10
State of Industry Report 2015

10. ELECTRICITY SECTOR OVERVIEW

10.1 Installed Capacity


The total nominal power generation capacity of Pakistan as on 30th June, 2015 was 24,823 MW; of which 16,814
MW (67.74%) was thermal, 7,116 MW (28.67%) was hydroelectric, 787 MW (3.17%) was nuclear and 106 MW
(0.43%) was wind. The installed power generating capacity of Pakistan from 2011 to 2015 is given in table 4.

TABLE 4
Installed Generation Capacity by Type (MW)
As on 30th June 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
HYDEL
WAPDA Hydel 6,516 6,516 6,733 6,902 6,902
IPPs Hydel 129 214 214 214 214
Sub-Total 6,645 6,730 6,947 7,116 7,116
% Share (Hydel Installed Generation Capacity) 28.47 28.65 29.28 29.99 28.67
THERMAL
GENCOs with PEPCO 4,785 4,785 4,785 4,590 5,762
KEL Own 1,821 2,381 2,359 1,951 1,874
Connected with PEPCO 8,325 8,312 8,342 8,726 8,726
IPPs
Connected with KEL 252 252 252 252 252
Connected with PEPCO 353 0 0 0 0
RPPs
Connected with KEL 50 0 0 0 0
CPPs/SPPs connected with KEL 324 239 203 200 200
Sub-Total 15,910 15,969 15,941 15,719 16,814
% Share (Thermal Installed Generation Capacity) 68.16 67.99 67.19 66.25 67.74
NUCLEAR
CHASNUPP (I&II) 650 650 650 650 650
KANUPP 137 137 137 137 137
Sub-Total 787 787 787 787 787
% Share (Nuclear Installed Generation Capacity) 3.37 3.35 3.32 3.32 3.17
WIND
Wind Power Plants connected with PEPCO 0 1 50 106 106
Sub-Total 0 1 50 106 106
% Share (Wind Installed Generation Capacity) 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.45 0.43
Total Installed Generation Capacity of the
23,342 23,487 23,725 23,728 24,823
Country
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 4. Share of Installed Generation Capacity by Type (%)


70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
% Share (Hydel Installed Generation Capacity) % Share (Thermal Installed Generation Capacity)
% Share (Nuclear Installed Generation Capacity) % Share (Wind Installed Generation Capacity)

TABLE 5
Plant-wise Installed Generation Capacity (MW) as on 30th June
Type of Power
Power Station Plant Location 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Station
A1: Hydel (WAPDA)
Major Hydropower Units
Tarbela Tarbela, KPK Reservoir 3,478 3,478 3,478 3,478 3,478
Ghazi Barotha Ghazi Barotha, Punjab Run of River 1,450 1,450 1,450 1,450 1,450
Mangla Mangla, AJ&K Reservoir 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Warsak Warsak, KPK Reservoir 243 243 243 243 243
Chashma Chashma, Punjab Run of River 184 184 184 184 184
Khan Khwar Shangla, KPK Reservoir 72 72 72 72 72
Allai Khwar Battagram, KPK Reservoir 0 0 121 121 121
Jinnah Mianwali, Punjab Run of River 0 0 96 96 96
Duber Khwar Kohistan, KPK Reservoir 0 0 0 130 130
Small Hydropower Units
Dargai Dargai, KPK Run of Canal 20 20 20 20 20
Rasul Rasul, Punjab Run of Canal 22 22 22 22 22
Shadiwal Shadiwal, Punjab Run of Canal 14 14 14 14 14
Chichoki Mallian,
Chichoki Mallian Run of Canal 13 13 13 13 13
Punjab
Nandipur Nandipur, Punjab Run of Canal 14 14 14 14 14
Kurram Garhi Kurram Garhi, KPK Run of Canal 4 4 4 4 4
Renala Renala, Punjab Run of Canal 1 1 1 1 1
Chitral Chitral, KPK Run of Canal 1 1 1 1 1
South Waziristan
Gomal Zam Reservoir 0 0 0 17 17
Agency, KPK
Malakand/Jabban Malakand, KPK Run of River 0 0 0 22 22
Total Hydel (WAPDA) 6,516 6,516 6,733 6,902 6,902
Continued.....
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State of Industry Report 2015

Type of Power
Power Station Plant Location 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Station
A2: Hydel (IPPs)
Jagran AJ&K Jagran, AJ&K Hydro 30 30 30 30 30
Malakand-III (PEDO) Malakand, KPK Hydro 81 81 81 81 81
Pehur (PEDO) Swabi, KPK Hydro 18 18 18 18 18
Laraib Energy Jhelum River, AJ&K Hydro 0 84 84 84 84
Garam Chashma Chitral, KPK Hydro 0 1 1 1 1
Total Hydel (IPPs) 129 214 214 214 214
Total Hydel (A1+A2) 6,645 6,730 6,947 7,116 7,116
B1: Thermal (GENCOs in PEPCO system)
TPS Jamshoro Jamshoro, Sindh STs 850 850 850 850 850
GTPS Kotri Kotri, Sindh GTs+CCPP 174 174 174 174 174
TPS Guddu Guddu, Sindh STs+GTs+CCPPs 1,655 1,655 1,655 1,655 2,402
TPS Quetta Quetta, Balochistan GT 35 35 35 35 35
TPS Muzaffargarh Muzaffargarh, Punjab STs 1,350 1,350 1,350 1,350 1,350
SPS GTPS Faisalabad Faisalabad, Punjab STs+GTs+CCPPs 376 376 376 376 376
NGPS Multan Multan, Punjab STs 195 195 195 0 0
Nandipur Gujranwala, Punjab GTs+CCPPs 0 0 0 0 425
FBC Lakhra Lakhra, Sindh STs 150 150 150 150 150
Total Thermal (GENCOs in PEPCO system) 4,785 4,785 4,785 4,590 5,762
B2: Thermal (IPPs connected with PEPCO system)
Lal Pir Power Mehmood Kot, Punjab ST 362 362 362 362 362
Pak Gen. Power Mehmood Kot, Punjab ST 365 365 365 365 365
Altern Energy Fateh Jang, Punjab GEs 31 31 31 31 31
Fauji Kabirwala Kabirwala, Punjab GTs+CCPP 157 157 157 157 157
Habibullah Coastal Quetta, Balochistan GTs+CCPP 140 140 140 140 140
HUBCO Hub, Balochistan STs 1,292 1,292 1,292 1,292 1,292
Japan Power Raiwind, Punjab DE 135 135 135 135 135
KAPCO Kot Addu, Punjab GTs+CCPPs 1,639 1,638 1,638 1,638 1,638
Kohinoor Energy Raiwind, Punjab DEs+ST 131 131 131 131 131
Rousch Power Sidhnai, Punjab GTs+ST 450 450 450 450 450
Saba Power Farooqabad, Punjab ST 134 134 134 134 134
Southern Electric Raiwind, Punjab DEs 136 117 136 136 136
TNB Liberty Power Daharki, Sindh GTs+CCPP 235 235 235 235 235
Murad Jamali,
Uch Power GTs+ST 586 586 586 586 586
Balochistan
Attock Gen. Attock Morgah, Punjab DGs+ST 165 164 164 165 165
Atlas Power Sheikhupura, Punjab REs+ST 224 224 224 219 219
Engro Power Gen. Qadirpur, Sindh GT+ST 226 227 227 217 217
Qadirpur
Saif Power Sahiwal, Punjab GTs+ST 225 225 225 225 225
Orient Power Balloki, Punjab GTs+ST 225 225 225 225 225
Nishat Power Qasur, Punjab REs+ST 202 202 202 202 202
Nishat Chunian Qasur, Punjab DEs+ST 202 202 202 202 202
Sapphire Electric Muridke, Punjab GTs+ST 229 235 235 235 235
Halmore Power Bhikki, Punjab GTs+ST 225 225 225 225 225
HUBCO Narowal Narowal, Punjab DEs+ST 225 225 225 214 214
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

Type of Power
Power Station Plant Location 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Station
Liberty Power Tech. Faisalabad, Punjab DEs+ST 202 202 202 202 202
Foundation Power Daharki, Sindh GT+ST 182 183 183 185 185
Davis Energen. Jhang, Punjab GEs 0 0 11 11 11
Murad Jamali,
Uch Power-II GTs+ST 0 0 0 381 381
Balochistan
Rahim Yar Khan,
JDW (II & III) (Bagasse) STs 0 0 0 26 26
Punjab
Rental Power Plants 353 0 0 0 0
Total Thermal (IPPs connected with PEPCO system) 8,678 8,312 8,342 8,726 8,726
Total Thermal in PEPCO system (B1+B2) 13,463 13,097 13,127 13,316 14,488
C1: Thermal (KEL Own)
Bin Qasim TPS-I Karachi, Sindh STs 1,260 1,260 1,260 840 840
Bin Qasim TPS-II Karachi, Sindh GTs 0 560 560 572 572
Korangi TPS Karachi, Sindh STs 125 125 125 125 0
Korangi Town GTPS-I Karachi, Sindh GTs 20 20 0 0 0
Korangi Town GTPS-II Karachi, Sindh GTs 88 88 97 97 107
Site GTPS-I Karachi, Sindh GTs 20 20 0 0 0
Site GTPS-II Karachi, Sindh GTs 88 88 97 97 107
Korangi CCPP Karachi, Sindh GTs 220 220 220 220 248
Total Thermal (KEL Own) 1,821 2,381 2,359 1,951 1,874
C2: Thermal (IPPs connected with KEL)
Gul Ahmed Karachi, Sindh DE+ST 128 128 128 128 128
Tapal Energy Karachi, Sindh DE+ST 124 124 124 124 124
Total Thermal (IPPs connected with KEL) 252 252 252 252 252
C3: Thermal (Others connected with KEL)
PASMIC Karachi, Sindh STs 110 110 165 165 165
Anoud Power Karachi, Sindh DGs 12 12 15 12 12
DHA Cogen. Karachi, Sindh GT+ST 94 94 0 0 0
ISL (19 MW) Karachi, Sindh GEs+ST 19 19 19 19 19
IIL (4 MW) Karachi, Sindh GEs 4 4 4 4 4
Aggreko (Rental) Karachi, Sindh --- 50 0 0 0 0
Engro Polymer Karachi, Sindh GTs+ST 70 0 0 0 0
Al-Abbas (Coal) Karachi, Sindh ST 15 0 0 0 0
Total Thermal (Others connected with KEL) 374 239 203 200 200
Total Thermal KEL (C1+C2+C3) 2,447 2,872 2,814 2,403 2,326
D: Nuclear
CHASNUPP-I Chashma, Punjab STs 325 325 325 325 325
CHASNUPP-II Chashma, Punjab STs 325 325 325 325 325
KANUPP Karachi, Sindh STs 137 137 137 137 137
Total Nuclear (D) 787 787 787 787 787
E: Renewable Energy (connected with PEPCO system)
Zorlu Enerji Thatta, Sindh Wind 0 1 50 56 56
Pakistan
FFC Energy Thatta, Sindh Wind 0 0 0 50 50
Total Renewable Energy (connected with PEPCO system) (E) 0 1 50 106 106
Grand Total (A+B+C+D+E) 23,342 23,487 23,725 23,728 24,823
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 6
Installed Generation Capacity by Systems and by Sectors (MW)
As on 30th June 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
BY SYSTEM
Total Installed Generation Capacity in PEPCO
20,758 20,478 20,774 21,188 22,360
System
% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in PEPCO
88.93 87.19 87.56 89.30 90.08
System)
Total Installed Generation Capacity in KEL System 2,584 3,009 2,951 2,540 2,463
% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in KEL
11.07 12.81 12.44 10.70 9.92
System)
BY SECTOR
Total Installed Generation Capacity in Public
11,951 11,951 12,168 12,142 13,314
Sector
% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in Public
51.20 50.88 51.29 51.17 53.64
Sector)
Total Installed Generation Capacity in Private
11,391 11,536 11,557 11,586 11,509
Sector
% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in Private
48.80 49.12 48.71 48.83 46.36
Sector)
Total Installed Generation Capacity in the
23,342 23,487 23,725 23,728 24,823
Country
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL
Note: See tables 4 and 5 for breakup details.

Figure 6A. Share of Installed Gen. Capacity by System (%)


90.00

75.00

60.00

45.00

30.00

15.00

0.00
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in PEPCO System)


% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in KEL System)

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 6B. Share of Installed Gen. Capacity by Sector (%)


60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in Public Sector)


% Share (Installed Generation Capacity in Private Sector)

TABLE 7
Electricity Generation by Type (GWh)
As on 30th June 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
HYDEL
WAPDA Hydel 31,685 28,207 29,327 31,204 31,941
IPPs Hydel 305 436 706 1,035 1,038
Sub-Total 31,990 28,643 30,033 32,239 32,979
% Share (Hydel Electricity Generation) 31.80 28.85 30.44 30.50 30.24
THERMAL
GENCOs with PEPCO 13,018 12,652 12,872 13,016 13,300
KEL Own 7,826 8,029 8,567 8,709 9,319
Connected with PEPCO 41,209 42,222 40,062 43,701 44,638
IPPs
Connected with KEL 1,538 933 1,116 1,380 1,525
Connected with PEPCO 546 758 0 0 0
RPPs
Connected with KEL 158 0 0 0 0
CPPs/SPPs connected with PEPCO 587 730 1,280 1,108 1,015
CPPs/SPPs connected with KEL 287 154 137 168 191
Sub-Total 65,169 65,478 64,034 68,082 69,988
% Share (Thermal Electricity Generation) 64.79 65.94 64.91 64.41 64.17
NUCLEAR
CHASNUPP (I&II) 2,930 4,413 3,640 4,402 4,996
KANUPP 200 459 541 293 353
Sub-Total 3,130 4,872 4,181 4,695 5,349
% Share (Nuclear Electricity Generation) 3.11 4.91 4.24 4.44 4.90
IMPORT
Import from Iran 269 296 375 419 443
Import from KEL 26 0 0 0 0
Sub-Total 295 296 375 419 443
% Share (Imported Electricity Generation) 0.29 0.30 0.38 0.40 0.41
WIND
Wind Power Plants connected with PEPCO 0 6 32 263 300
Sub-Total 0 6 32 263 300
% Share (Wind Electricity Generation) 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.25 0.27
Total Electricity Generation of the Country 100,584 99,295 98,655 105,698 109,059
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 7. Share of Electricity Generation by Type (%)


70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

% Share (Hydel Electricity Generation) % Share (Thermal Electricity Generation)


% Share (Nuclear Electricity Generation) % Share (Imported Electricity Generation)
% Share (Wind Electricity Generation)

TABLE 8
Plant-wise Electricity Generation (GWh)
Primary Alternate
Power Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Fuel Fuel
A1: Hydel (WAPDA)
Major Hydropower Units
Tarbela Hydel Hydel 15,909 14,057 14,756 15,138 14,809
Ghazi Barotha Hydel Hydel 7,354 6,979 7,083 6,937 6,694
Mangla Hydel Hydel 5,969 4,666 4,577 5,725 6,496
Warsak Hydel Hydel 1,036 991 1,034 870 975
Chashma Hydel Hydel 1,001 1,016 1,115 1,024 987
Khan Khwar Hydel Hydel 114 179 288 257 253
Allai Khwar Hydel Hydel 0 0 0 470 462
Jinnah Hydel Hydel 0 0 189 291 191
Duber Khwar Hydel Hydel 0 0 0 0 613
Small Hydropower Units
Dargai Hydel Hydel 83 84 94 89 108
Rasul Hydel Hydel 96 68 48 51 68
Shadiwal Hydel Hydel 32 33 31 30 26
Chichoki Mallian Hydel Hydel 32 34 40 36 33
Nandipur Hydel Hydel 43 42 49 41 35
Kurram Garhi Hydel Hydel 10 11 14 19 19
Renala Hydel Hydel 3 3 3 3 2
Chitral Hydel Hydel 3 4 4 4 4
Gomal Zam Hydel Hydel 0 0 0 26 44
Malakand/Jabban Hydel Hydel 0 0 2 73 122
Others Hydel Hydel 0 40 0 120 0
Total Hydel (WAPDA) 31,685 28,207 29,327 31,204 31,941
Continued.....
89
State of Industry Report 2015

Primary Alternate
Power Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Fuel Fuel
A2: Hydel (IPPs)
Jagran AJ&K Hydel Hydel 0 57 107 105 92
Malakand-III (PEDO) Hydel Hydel 292 337 395 409 408
Pehur (PEDO) Hydel Hydel 13 42 159 51 49
Laraib Energy Hydel Hydel 0 0 45 470 489
Garam Chashma Hydel Hydel 0 0 0 0 0
Total Hydel (IPPs) 305 436 706 1,035 1,038
Total Hydel (A1+A2) 31,990 28,643 30,033 32,239 32,979
B1: Thermal (GENCOs in PEPCO system)
TPS Jamshoro FO+Gas FO 2,497 1,445 1,681 2,997 2,655
GTPS Kotri Gas HSD 452 270 190 156 306
TPS Guddu Gas FO 5,863 7,258 6,357 4,357 5,512
TPS Quetta Gas - 94 105 97 87 98
TPS Muzaffargarh Gas FO 3,629 3,279 4,477 5,142 4,306
SPS GTPS Faisalabad Gas HSD+FO 366 184 30 165 77
NGPS Multan Gas FO 51 45 0 0 0
Nandipur FO HSD 0 0 0 0 244
FBC Lakhra Coal Coal 66 66 40 112 102
Total Thermal (GENCOs in PEPCO system) 13,018 12,652 12,872 13,016 13,300
B2: Thermal (IPPs connected with PEPCO system)
Lal Pir Power RFO - 1,105 1,787 1,643 2,081 1,663
Pak Gen. Power RFO - 1,311 1,689 1,936 2,031 1,222
Altern Energy Gas - 179 182 194 205 173
Fauji Kabirwala Gas HSD 1,088 1,237 1,107 1,191 991
Habibullah Coastal Gas HSD 811 685 658 670 719
HUBCO RFO - 8,114 7,769 7,673 7,086 6,809
Japan Power RFO - 371 281 101 0 0
KAPCO Gas FO+HSD 5,688 6,065 5,522 6,479 6,933
Kohinoor Energy RFO - 888 727 725 890 877
Rousch Power Gas HSD 3,039 2,733 2,536 2,760 2,465
Saba Power RFO - 244 116 85 129 33
Southern Electric Gas - 466 245 97 0 0
TNB Liberty Power Gas HSD 1,333 1,484 1,438 943 1,218
Uch Power Gas HSD 4,221 4,278 3,796 4,314 4,127
Attock Gen. RFO - 1,203 1,172 1,255 1,243 1,209
Atlas Power RFO - 1,484 1,067 1,383 1,519 1,462
Engro Powergen. Qadirpur Gas HSD 1,562 1,744 1,692 1,441 1,429
Saif Power Gas HSD 1,172 912 742 723 765
Orient Power Gas HSD 1,090 682 573 541 1,037
Nishat Power RFO - 1,473 1,063 1,276 1,464 1,409
Nishat Chunian RFO - 1,452 1,073 1,283 1,471 1,415
Continued.....

90
State of Industry Report 2015

Primary Alternate
Power Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Fuel Fuel
Sapphire Electric Gas HSD 843 871 877 760 944
Halmore Power Gas HSD 209 570 374 504 713
HUBCO Narowal RFO - 463 1,321 820 1,562 1,418
Liberty Power Tech. RFO - 997 1,068 892 1,520 1,515
Foundation Power Gas - 403 1,401 1,380 1,359 1,323
Davis Energen. Gas - 0 0 4 54 70
Uch Power-II Low BTU Gas - 0 0 0 752 2,415
JDW (II & III) (Bagasse) Bagasse + Biomass 0 0 0 9 284
Others (SPPs/CPPs) in PEPCO system 587 730 1,280 1,108 1,015
Rental Power Plants 546 758 0 0 0
Total Thermal
42,342 43,710 41,342 44,809 45,653
(IPPs/SPPs/CPPs connected with PEPCO system)
Total Thermal in PEPCO system (B1+B2) 55,360 56,362 54,214 57,825 58,953
C1: Thermal (KEL Own)
Bin Qasim TPS-I Dual   5,068 4,704 3,722 3,765 3,925
Bin Qasim TPS-II Dual   0 1,140 3,567 3,639 3,907
Korangi TPS Dual   271 163 0 0 0
Korangi Town GTPS-I Gas   1 0 0 0 0
Korangi Town GTPS-II Gas   675 595 327 393 435
Site GTPS-I Gas   0 0 0 0 0
Site GTPS-II Gas   586 416 156 113 160
Korangi CCPP Gas   1,225 1,011 795 799 892
Total Thermal (KEL Own) 7,826 8,029 8,567 8,709 9,319
C2: Thermal (IPPs connected with KEL)
Gul Ahmed FO   745 452 432 582 718
Tapal Energy FO   793 481 684 798 807
Total Thermal (IPPs connected with KEL) 1,538 933 1,116 1,380 1,525
C3: Thermal (Others connected with KEL)
PASMIC Gas   64 8 4 9 21
Anoud Power Gas   75 52 56 84 95
DHA Cogen. Gas   0 0 0 0 0
ISL (19 MW) Gas   99 88 72 67 67
IIL (4 MW) Gas   5 6 5 8 8
Aggreko (Rental) Gas   158 0 0 0 0
Engro Polymer Gas   2 0 0 0 0
Al-Abbas (Coal) Coal   43 0 0 0 0
Total Thermal (Others connected with KEL) 445 154 137 168 191
Total Thermal KEL (C1+C2+C3) 9,809 9,116 9,820 10,257 11,035
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

Primary Alternate
Power Station 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Fuel Fuel
D: Nuclear
CHASNUPP-I NUC NUC 2,387 2,127 2,121 2,194 2,455
CHASNUPP-II NUC NUC 543 2,286 1,519 2,208 2,541
KANUPP NUC NUC 200 459 541 293 353
Total Nuclear (D) 3,130 4,872 4,181 4,695 5,349
E: Import
Import from Iran (Tavanir) 269 296 375 419 443
Import from K-Electric Limited 26 0 0 0 0
Total import in PEPCO system (E) 295 296 375 419 443
F: Renewable Energy (connected with PEPCO system)
Zorlu Enerji Pakistan Wind Wind 0 6 32 134 161
FFC Energy Wind Wind 0 0 0 129 139
Total Renewable Energy
0 6 32 263 300
(connected with PEPCO system) (F)
Grand Total (A+B+C+D+E+F) 100,584 99,295 98,655 105,698 109,059
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

TABLE 9
Electricity Generation by Systems and by Sectors (GWh)
As on 30th June 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
BY SYSTEM
Total Electricity Generation in
90,549 89,720 88,294 95,148 97,671
PEPCO System
% Share (Generation in PEPCO System) 90.02 90.36 89.50 90.02 89.56
Total Electricity Generation in KEL
10,035 9,575 10,361 10,550 11,388
System
% Share (Generation in KEL System) 9.98 9.64 10.50 9.98 10.44
BY SECTOR
Total Electricity Generation in
47,833 45,731 46,380 48,915 50,590
Public Sector
% Share (Generation in Public Sector) 47.56 46.06 47.01 46.28 46.39
Total Electricity Generation in
52,751 53,564 52,275 56,783 58,469
Private Sector
% Share (Generation in Private Sector) 52.44 53.94 52.99 53.72 53.61
Total Electricity Generation of the
100,584 99,295 98,655 105,698 109,059
Country
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL
Note: See tables 7 and 8 for details and explanations.

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 9A. Share of Electricity Generation by System (%)


90.00
80.00
70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

% Share (Generation in PEPCO System) % Share (Generation in KEL System)

Figure 9B. Share of Electricity Generation by Sector (%)


60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

% Share (Generation in Public Sector) % Share (Generation in Private Sector)

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 10
Electricity Statistics of K-Electric Limited
Units Auxiliary Consumption Units Sent
Name of Plant Year
Generated GWh % Out
1 Units Generated by KEL Own (GWh)
2010-11 5068.28 435.91 8.60 4632.37
2011-12 4704.00 414.00 8.80 4290.00
Bin Qasim Thermal Power
1.1 2012-13 3722.00 341.00 9.16 3381.00
Station-I (BQTPS-I)
2013-14 3765.00 341.00 9.06 3424.00
2014-15 3925.00 360.00 9.17 3565.00
2011-12 1140.00 102.00 8.95 1038.00
Bin Qasim Thermal Power 2012-13 3567.00 239.00 6.70 3328.00
1.2
Station-II (BQTPS-II) 2013-14 3639.00 237.00 6.51 3402.00
2014-15 3907.00 251 6.42 3656.00
2010-11 270.51 34.10 12.61 236.41
2011-12 163.00 20.00 12.27 143.00
Korangi Thermal Power
1.3 2012-13 0.00 2.00 0.00 -2.00
Station (KTPS)
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 0.61 0.02 3.28 0.59
Korangi Town Gas 2011-12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
1.4 Turbine Power Station-I 2012-13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
(KTGTPS-I) 2013-14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 675.07 15.13 2.24 659.94
Korangi Town Gas Turbine 2011-12 595.00 14.00 2.35 581.00
1.5 Power Station-II 2012-13 327.00 9.00 2.75 318.00
(KTGTPS-II) 2013-14 393.00 10.00 2.54 383.00
2014-15 435.00 11.00 2.53 424.00
2010-11 0.10 0.01 10.00 0.09
2011-12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Site Gas Turbine Power
1.6 2012-13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Station-I (SGTPS-I)
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 586.20 15.06 2.57 571.14
2011-12 416.00 11.00 2.64 405.00
Site Gas Turbine Power
1.7 2012-13 156.00 8.00 5.13 148.00
Station-II (SGTPS-II)
2013-14 113.00 6.00 5.31 107.00
2014-15 160.00 8.00 5.00 152.00
2010-11 1225.50 91.39 7.46 1134.11
2011-12 1011.00 75.00 7.42 936.00
Korangi Combined Cycle
1.8 2012-13 795.00 66.00 8.30 729.00
Power Plant
2013-14 799.00 64.00 8.01 735.00
2014-15 892.00 74.00 8.30 818.00
Continued.....

94
State of Industry Report 2015

Units Auxiliary Consumption Units Sent


Name of Plant Year
Generated GWh % Out
2010-11 7826.27 591.62 7.56 7234.65
Total Units Generated 2011-12 8029.00 636.00 7.92 7393.00
1.9 from KEL's Own Power 2012-13 8567.00 665.00 7.76 7902.00
Plants 2013-14 8709.00 658.00 7.56 8051.00
2014-15 9319.00 704.00 7.55 8615.00
2 Units Purchased by KEL (GWh)
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
2.1 KANUPP 199.53 458.82 541.00 293.00 353.00
2.2 Gul Ahmed 745.01 451.52 432.00 582.00 718.00
2.3 Tapal Energy 793.16 481.46 684.00 798.00 807.00
2.4 NTDC 5449.00 5683.67 5463.00 5441.00 5427.00
2.5 PASMIC 63.61 8.06 4.00 9.00 21.00
2.6 Anoud Power 75.07 52.13 56.00 84.00 95.00
2.7 DHA Cogen. 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.8 ISL (19 MW) 98.71 87.98 72.00 67.00 67.00
2.9 IIL (4 MW) 5.19 6.07 5.00 8.00 8.00
2.10 Aggreko (Rental) 158.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.11 Engro Polymer 1.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.12 Al-Abbas (Coal) 43.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.13 Total 7632.14 7229.71 7257.00 7282.00 7496.00
Total Units Purchased
3 by KEL including Own 15458.41 15258.71 15824.00 15991.00 16815.00
Generation (GWh)
Units Available for
4 14866.79 14622.71 15159.00 15333.00 16111.00
Distribution (GWh)
5 Units Sold (GWh) 10071.27 10279.00 10942.00 11453.00 12294.00
T&D Losses GWh 4795.52 4343.71 4217.00 3880.00 3817.00
6 (excluding Auxiliary
Consumption) % 32.26 29.71 27.82 25.30 23.69
7 Percentage (%) Ratio of Fuel Consumption in KEL Generation
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
7.1 Gas 65.53 72.00 73.00* 75.00 73.00
7.2 Furnace Oil 34.47 28.00 27.00* 25.00 27.00
* Based on SSGC Gas Bills
8 Average Fuel Price
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
8.1 Gas (Rs./MCF) 393.76 471.98 525.00* 515.23* 488.23*
8.2 Furnace Oil (Rs./M. Ton.) 44200.00 56009.64 65509.00 65906.00 51391.00
8.3 LDO (Rs./Ltr.) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
8.4 HSD (Rs./Ltr.) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
* This is based on GIDC of Rs.27/MMBTU, effective from October 8, 2012 as per the Order of Honourable High Court of Sindh.
Source: K-Electric Limited

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 10. T&D Losses of K-EL (GWh)


(excluding Auxiliary Consumption)

3880.00 5330.00
(25.30%) (34.99%)

4217.00
(27.82%) 4795.52
(32.26%)
4343.71
(29.71%)

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

TABLE 11
Thermal Electricity Generation by Fuel (GWh)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
In PEPCO Area
Gas* 31,498 24,161 21,817 23,877 23,903
Percentage share to the total thermal
56.90 42.87 40.24 41.29 40.55
generation in PEPCO
Percentage share to the total thermal
48.33 36.90 34.07 35.07 34.15
generation in the Country
FO + HSD** 23,796 32,135 32,357 33,836 34,948
Percentage share to the total thermal
42.98 57.02 59.68 58.51 59.28
generation in PEPCO
Percentage share to the total thermal
36.51 49.08 50.53 49.70 49.93
generation in the Country
Coal 66 66 40 112 102
Percentage share to the total thermal
0.12 0.12 0.07 0.19 0.17
generation in PEPCO
Percentage share to the total thermal
0.10 0.10 0.06 0.16 0.15
generation in the Country
Sub-Total 55,360 56,362 54,214 57,825 58,953
Percentage share to the total thermal
84.95 86.08 84.66 84.93 84.23
generation in the Country
In KEL Area
Gas* 5,578 6,001 6,373 6,892 7,293
Percentage share to the total thermal
56.87 65.83 64.90 67.19 66.09
generation in KEL
Percentage share to the total thermal
8.56 9.16 9.95 10.12 10.42
generation in the Country
Continued.....

96
State of Industry Report 2015

  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


FO + HSD** 4,188 3,115 3,447 3,365 3,742
Percentage share to the total thermal
42.70 34.17 35.10 32.81 33.91
generation in KEL
Percentage share to the total thermal
6.43 4.76 5.38 4.94 5.35
generation in the Country
Coal 43 0 0 0 0
Percentage share to the total thermal
0.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
generation in KEL
Percentage share to the total thermal
0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
generation in the Country
Sub-Total 9,809 9,116 9,820 10,257 11,035
Percentage share to the total thermal
15.05 13.92 15.34 15.07 15.77
generation in the Country
In the Country
Gas 37,076 30,162 28,190 30,769 31,196
Percentage share to the total thermal
56.89 46.06 44.02 45.19 44.57
generation in the Country
FO + HSD 27,984 35,250 35,804 37,201 38,690
Percentage share to the total thermal
42.94 53.83 55.91 54.64 55.28
generation in the Country
Coal 109 66 40 112 102
Percentage share to the total thermal
0.17 0.10 0.06 0.16 0.15
generation in the Country
Total 65,169 65,478 64,034 68,082 69,988
* Including generation of SPPs. ** Including generation of CPPs.
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

TABLE 12
Fuel Cost in GENCOs and K-Electric Limited
Fiscal Year Cost of Fuel Electricity Generation Cost of Fuel
ending 30th (Rs. in million) (GWh) (Paisa/kWh)
June GENCOs KEL Own GENCOs KEL Own GENCOs KEL Own
2010-11 151,260 50,691 13,018 7,826 1,159.61 647.73
2011-12 144,251 58,436 12,652 8,029 1,060.00 727.81
2012-13 165,065 67,808 12,872 8,567 1,167.00 791.50
2013-14 193,334 64,336 13,016 8,709 1,283.38 738.73
2014-15 n.p. 59,950 13,300 9,319 1,025.69 643.31
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

97
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 13
Fuel Consumption and Cost of Electricity Generation in GENCOs
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
GAS:
Generation on Gas (GWh) 7,184.00 7,857.00 7,410.60 5,099.22 n.p.
Quantity of Gas Used (000 MCF) 97,029.00 103,294.00 102,912.00 55,788.00 n.p.
Consumption/kWh (Cft) 13.51 13.17 13.89 10.94 n.p.
Cost/kWh (Paisa) 428.81 494.88 597.00 588.00 n.p.
FURNACE OIL (FO):
Generation on Furnace Oil (GWh) 6,802.45 5,639.00 6,676.30 8,971.30 n.p.
Quantity of Furnace Oil Used (000
1,882.00 1,542.00 1,741.99 2,325.20 n.p.
M.Tons)
Consumption/kWh (Kg) 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.26 n.p.
Cost/kWh (Paisa) 1367.49 1,854.17 1,806.00 1,814.00 n.p.
HIGH SPEED DIESEL (HSD):
Generation on HSD (GWh) 35.00 13.00 - - n.p.
Quantity of HSD Used (000 Ltrs.) 10,057.00 3,460.00 420.12 368.38 n.p.
Consumption/kWh (Ltr.) 0.29 0.32 - - n.p.
Cost/kWh (Paisa) 1,840.24 2,447.40 - - n.p.
COAL:
Generation on Coal (GWh) 66.00 66.00 40.00 112.00 n.p.
Quantity of Coal Used (000 M.Tons) 96.00 105.00 63.04 160.71 n.p.
Consumption/kWh (Kg) 1.09 1.09 1.04 1.03 n.p.
Cost/kWh (Paisa) 278.26 339.29 348.00 374.00 n.p.
Overall Fuel Cost and Cost of Fuel per kWh
Overall Fuel Cost used in GENCOs for
151,260.00 144,251.00 165,065.00 193,334.00 n.p.
Generation of Electricity (Rs. Million)
Overall Cost of Fuel (Paisa/kWh) 1159.61 1,060.00 1,167.00 1,283.38 1,025.69
Source: PSS/NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 14
Fuel Consumption and Cost of Generation Data - GENCOs
Gas Consumption FO Consumption Total Cost of
Gen. on Gas Gen. on
Power Station Year Total Cft/kWh (000 (Kg/ Generation Generation
(GWh) FO (GWh)
(MMCFT) (Average) M.Ton) kWh) (GWh) (Paisa/kWh)
2010-11 477.00 7,226 13.48 2,020.00 623 0.27 2,497.00 1,258.60
TPS 2011-12 67.32 881 11.16 1,377.82 466 0.29 1,445.14 1,839.00
Jamshoro 2012-13 151.00 2,105 13.07 1,530.00 462 0.27 1,681.00 1,704.00
(GENCO-I) 2013-14 2,951.00 623 12.09 46.00 852 0.26 2,997.00 1,980.76
2014-15 418.58 n.p. n.p. 2,236.62 n.p. n.p. 2,655.21 1363.79
2010-11 452.00 5,530 11.72 0.00 - - 452.00 575.24
2011-12 270.00 3,228 11.37 0.00 - - 270.00 517.00
GTPS Kotri
2012-13 190.00 6,483 13.06 0.00 - - 190.00 742.00
(GENCO-I)
2013-14 169.98 2,144 11.98 0.00 - - 169.98 799.63
2014-15 306.11 n.p. n.p. 0.00 - - 306.11 662.35
2010-11 5,714.00 80,245 - 149.00 46 0.26 5,863.00 -
2011-12 7,093.00 96,602 - 165.00 49 0.28 7,258.00 -
TPS Guddu
2012-13 6,357.00 91,846 - 0.70 0 0.28 6,357.70 -
(GENCO-II)
2013-14 4,357.48 47,747 - 0.00 0 0.00 4,357.48 638.44
2014-15 5,511.72 n.p. n.p. n.p. 0 0.00 5,511.72 565.80
2010-11 94.00 1,558 16.25 0.00 - - 94.00 646.23
TPS Quetta 2011-12 105.41 1,765 16.32 0.00 - - 105.41 773.00
(Isolated
2012-13 97.00 1,744 17.62 0.00 - - 97.00 918.00
Generation)
(GENCO-II) 2013-14 87.19 1,549 18.29 0.00 - - 87.19 930.86
2014-15 98.13 n.p. n.p. 0.00 - - 98.13 866.89
2010-11 16.00 381 20.44 3,613.00 1,124 0.27 3,629.00 1,417.98
TPS 2011-12 23.76 312 20.67 3,254.84 954 0.26 3,278.61 1,840.00
Muzaffargarh 2012-13 5.50 326 53.84 4,471.50 1,279 0.26 4,477.00 1,811.00
(GENCO-III) 2013-14 8.45 296 36.25 5,134.00 1474 0.26 5,142.45 1,898.83
2014-15 0.00 n.p. n.p. 4,306.15 n.p. n.p. 4,306.15 1,501.36
2010-11 144.00 30 0.00 0.00 0 0 144.00 1,595.48
2011-12 35.68 61 380.25 0.00 0 0 35.68 2,241.00
SPS Faisalabad
2012-13 30.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0 30.00 0.00
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 165.00 814 15.73 0.00 0 0 165.00 1,645.13
2014-15 7.21 n.p. n.p. 39.89 0 0 47.10 2,217.08
2010-11 0.00 12 0.00 51.00 23 0.37 51.00 2,267.63
2011-12 0.00 4 0.00 45.30 22 0.40 45.30 2,318.00
NGPS Multan
2012-13 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 1.00

FO Consumption Gen. HSD Consumption Total Cost of


Gen. on FO
Power Station Year (000 on HSD (000 (Kg/ Generation Generation
(GWh) (Kg/kWh)
M.Ton) (GWh) M.Ton) kWh) (GWh) (Paisa/kWh)
2010-11 188.00 2,046 12.87 34.00 9,728 - 222.00 847.15
2011-12 144.00 441 11.96 5.14 2,978 - 149.14 581.00
GTPS Faisalabad
2012-13 0.00 408 11.51 0.00 0 - 0.00 622.00
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 0.00 2,613 13.25 0.00 0 - 0.00 724.00
2014-15 29.88 n.p. n.p. 0.00 0 - 29.88 526.26
Nandipur
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. 244.00 n.p. n.p. 244.00 n.p.
(GENCO-III)
Continued.....

99
State of Industry Report 2015

FBC Lakhara (GENCO-IV)


Generation on Coal Coal Consumption Coal Consumption Cost of Generation
Year
(GWh) (000 metric tons) (kg/kWh) (Paisa/kWh)
2010-11 66.00 96 1.09 1,141.99
2011-12 66.00 105 1.09 312.00
2012-13 40.00 63 1.04 358.00
2013-14 112.00 161 1.03 422.86
2014-15 102.27 n.p. n.p. 465.98
Source: PSS/NTDC

TABLE 15
Fuel Consumption and Cost of Generation Data - K-Electric Limited
Dual (Gas+Furnace Oil)
Gas Consumption FO Consumption Cost of
Gen. on Gen. Total
Power Total Generation
Year Gas Total CFT/kWh on FO (kg/ Generation
Station (000 M. (Paisa/
(GWh) MMCFT (Average) (GWh) kWh) (GWh)
Tons) kWh)
2010-11 2,492 28,756 11.54 2,576 681.00 0.26 5,068 798
2011-12 2,577 29,279 11.36 2,127 560.00 0.26 4,704 934
Bin Qasim
2012-13 1,446 16,299 11.00 2,276 587.00 0.30 3,722 1,250
TPS-I
2013-14 1,865 19,624 10.50 1,900 497.00 0.26 3,765 1,249
2014-15 1,802 18,313 10.20 2,122 568.00 0.30 3,924 1,073
2010-11 271 3,533 13.06 0 0.00 0.00 271 498
2011-12 163 2,199 13.48 0 0.00 0.00 163 564
Korangi 2012-13 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0
TPS
2013-14 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0

2014-15 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0 0

Gas
Power Gas Consumption Cost of Generation
Year Gen. on Gas (GWh)
Station Total MMCFT CFT/kWh (Average) (Paisa/kWh)
2011-12 1,139 11,111 9.75 440
2012-13 3,567 31,740 9.00 434
BQTPS-II
2013-14 3,639 30,333 8.00 454
2014-15 3,907 30,775 7.90 417
2010-11 1 12 19.92 700
2011-12 0 0 0.00 0
Korangi Town
2012-13 0 0 0.00 0
GTPS-I
2013-14 0 0 0.00 0
2014-15 0 0 0.00 0
2010-11 675 7,112 10.53 0
2011-12 595 6,188 10.39 462
Korangi Town
2012-13 327 3,452 11.00 505
GTPS-II
2013-14 393 4,140 10.50 512
2014-15 435 4,321 9.90 476
Continued.....

100
State of Industry Report 2015

Gas
Power Gas Consumption Cost of Generation
Year Gen. on Gas (GWh)
Station Total MMCFT CFT/kWh (Average) (Paisa/kWh)
2010-11 0 2 20.49 700
2011-12 0 0 0.00 0
Site GTPS-I 2012-13 0 0 0.00 0
2013-14 0 0 0.00 0
2014-15 0 0 0.00 0
2010-11 586 6,075 10.36 378
2011-12 416 4,311 10.41 440
Site GTPS-II 2012-13 156 1,678 11.00 546
2013-14 113 1,216 10.80 541
2014-15 160 1,659 10.40 490
2010-11 1,226 10,704 8.73 333
2011-12 1,011 8,678 8.59 393
Korangi
2012-13 795 6,629 8.00 433
CCPP
2013-14 799 6,961 8.70 487
2014-15 892 7453 8.40 451
Furnace Oil
FO Consumption
Power Cost of Generation
Year Gen. on FO (GWh) Total
Station (kg/kWh) (Paisa/kWh)
(000 M. Tons)
2010-11 745 n.p. n.p. 1,324
2011-12 452 n.p. n.p. 1,584
Gul Ahmed 2012-13 432 n.p. n.p. 1,564
2013-14 582 n.p. n.p. 1,846
2014-15 718 n.p. n.p. 1,442
2010-11 793 172.92 n.p. 1,330
2011-12 481 n.p. n.p. 1,512
Tapal Energy 2012-13 684 n.p. n.p. 1,548
2013-14 798 n.p. n.p. 1,795
2014-15 807 n.p. n.p. 1435
Source: KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015
TABLE 16
Fuel Consumption and Cost of Generation Data – IPPs
Furnace Oil
Average Fuel Cost Overall Generation
Power Station Year Units Generated Quantity of FO
(Rs./kWh) Cost (Rs./kWh)
(GWh) used (M. Tons)
Steam Turbine-RFO
2010-11 1104 260986 13.39 15.68
2011-12 1787 431390 16.10 18.78
Lal Pir Power 2012-13 1643 398303 16.46 19.03
2013-14 2081 495584 16.66 18.88
2014-15 1663 391215 12.00 14.32
2010-11 1300 310420 12.19 15.12
2011-12 1689 408873 15.92 18.99
Pak Gen. Power 2012-13 1936 462041 16.36 18.64
2013-14 2031 489366 16.81 19.31
2014-15 1222 289599 14.53 17.06
2010-11 8114 1901299 11.83 14.95
2011-12 7769 1812055 15.74 18.66
HUBCO 2012-13 7673 1801653 17.54 19.35
2013-14 7086 1681641 16.73 18.86
2014-15 6809 1609458 13.58 15.89
2010-11 244 62269 11.39 17.37
2011-12 116 30410 15.65 25.12
Saba Power 2012-13 91 21516 16.98 25.29
2013-14 129 33261 17.46 22.92
2014-15 33 8924 16.46 17.63
Engine - RFO
2010-11 371 84109 11.06 12.85
2011-12 281 64151 14.64 17.58
Japan Power 2012-13 101 23345 n.p. n.p.
2013-14 0 0 0.00 0
2014-15 0 0 0.00 0
2010-11 466 103056 10.39 14.13
2011-12 245 54436 14.29 19.68
Southern Power 2012-13 97 22750 15.19 17.22
2013-14 0 0 0.00 0
2014-15 0 0 0.00 0
2010-11 888 160392 10.78 12.31
2011-12 727 142004 14.60 16.65
Kohinoor Energy 2012-13 747 140857 13.09 15.86
2013-14 890 172037 15.65 16.99
2014-15 877 169389.6 12.05 13.36
2010-11 1203 218970 11.49 14.36
2011-12 1172 n.p. 15.29 18.14
Attock Gen. 2012-13 1255 n.p. 14.73 17.26
2013-14 1243 225236 14.87 17.43
2014-15 1209 222892 15.43 18.21
2010-11 1484 289469 11.02 14.77
2011-12 1067 n.p. 14.80 18.24
Atlas Power 2012-13 1383 n.p. 14.90 17.99
2013-14 1519 294601 13.57 16.38
2014-15 1462 283960 15.92 19.21
2010-11 1473 279219 10.83 13.79
2011-12 1063 n.p. 14.96 18.61
Nishat Power 2012-13 1276 n.p. 15.80 18.91
2013-14 1464 287997 14.17 16.80
2014-15 1410 277312 11.07 13.64
Continued.....
102
State of Industry Report 2015

Furnace Oil
Average Fuel Cost Overall Generation
Power Station Year Units Generated Quantity of FO
(Rs./kWh) Cost (Rs./kWh)
(GWh) used (M. Tons)
2010-11 1452 256117 11.11 14.37
2011-12 1073 n.p. 15.02 18.95
Nishat Chunian 2012-13 1283 n.p. 15.69 18.95
2013-14 1471 289439 14.12 16.81
2014-15 1415 278398 11.05 13.77
2010-11 997 124767 11.44 13.10
2011-12 1068 n.p. 14.85 19.32
Liberty Power
2012-13 1438 n.p. 15.07 18.02
Tech.
2013-14 1520 298903 14.27 17.06
2014-15 1515 297916 15.42 18.57
2010-11 464 61935 11.89 13.32
2011-12 1321 n.p. 14.86 17.15
HUBCO Narowal 2012-13 820 n.p. 15.22 22.17
2013-14 1562 308585 14.28 18.33
2014-15 1418 278760 11.73 16.26
Gas
Average Fuel Cost Overall Generation
Power Station Year Units Generated Quantity of Gas
(Rs./kWh) Cost (Rs./kWh)
(GWh) used (MMBTU)
Gas Engines / Gas Turbine (CCPP)
2010-11 179 1827204 3.06 5.54
2011-12 182 1829598 3.99 6.31
Altern
2012-13 194 1759674 5.58 7.48
Energy
2013-14 205 2021299 5.63 7.63
2014-15 173 1744940 5.37 7.38
2010-11 1088 9161323 2.82 5.65
2011-12 1237 10458701 3.10 5.24
Fauji Kabirwala 2012-13 1107 8735108 4.37 5.65
2013-14 1191 10203547 4.42 5.50
2014-15 991 8514108 4.62 6.02
2010-11 811 6692114 2.71 4.89
2011-12 685 5792294 3.61 6.29
Habibullah Coastal 2012-13 658 5686043 5.26 7.53
2013-14 670 5734357 4.65 7.40
2014-15 719 6187693 4.63 7.06
2010-11 3039 24342820 2.78 4.98
2011-12 2733 21952366 3.56 6.06
Rousch
2012-13 2535 20172645 4.91 5.19
Power
2013-14 2760 20002297 4.63 5.89
2014-15 2465 19635093 4.49 7.22
2010-11 1333 10848976 7.55 10.29
2011-12 1484 12045461 10.13 13.34
TNB Liberty Power 2012-13 892 7269215 11.02 12.33
2013-14 943 7640542 17.40 22.52
2014-15 1218 10004282 12.39 14.66
2010-11 4221 32561224 2.22 5.07
2011-12 4278 33037265 2.27 5.04
Uch Power 2012-13 3796 28724603 3.07 5.65
2013-14 4314 30644390 3.01 5.63
2014-15 4127 31549804 2.93 5.08
Davis 2013-14 54 397509 7.14 11.17
Energen. 2014-15 70 n.p. 5.20 8.09
Continued.....

103
State of Industry Report 2015

Gas FO Overall
HSD Total Average
Power Units Quantity of Units Quantity Generation
Year Generation Generation Fuel Cost
Station Generated Gas used Generated of FO used Cost (Rs./
(GWh) (GWh) (Rs./kWh)
(GWh) (MMBTU) (GWh) (M.Tons) kWh)

Dual Fuel
2010-11 446 4332015 5175 1056863 68 5689 10.08 15.21
2011-12 414 4228212 5629 1156728 22 6065 13.57 19.01
KAPCO 2012-13 170 1673453 5222 1064832 129 5521 12.44 19.83
2013-14 306 3116410 6027 1233299 146 6479 14.04 20.00
2014-15 845 8097993 5852 1179958 236 6933 13.37 16.39

Gas Overall
HSD Total Average
Units Quantity of Generation
Power Station Year Generation Generation Fuel Cost
Generated Gas used Cost (Rs./
(GWh) (GWh) (Rs./kWh)
(GWh) (MMBTU) kWh)
2010-11 705 5427189 137 842 4.00 6.49
2011-12 404 n.p. 467 871 12.12 16.62
Sapphire
2012-13 369 n.p. 509 877 14.20 18.07
Electric
2013-14 268 2051567 493 761 15.61 20.95
2014-15 282 2153880 685 967 14.60 19.24
2010-11 1056 7762893 116 1172 4.04 7.33
2011-12 398 n.p. 512 909 12.52 16.52
Saif Power 2012-13 386 n.p. 357 742 12.69 17.17
2013-14 265 2037078 458 723 15.47 21.56
2014-15 95 744873 675 771 16.01 21.83
2010-11 983 7311571 107 1090 3.90 6.22
2011-12 487 n.p. 195 682 9.82 14.28
Orient Power 2012-13 346 n.p. 228 573 11.40 16.32
2013-14 266 2065360 274 541 13.60 20.31
2014-15 311 2385081 726 1037 14.44 18.14
2010-11 1562 15134204 n.p. n.p. 3.09 4.60
2011-12 1742 n.p. 2 1744 4.04 5.84
Engro Power
2012-13 1692 n.p. 2 1693 4.79 6.72
Gen. Qadirpur
2013-14 1441 11881740 0 1441 5.06 5.37
2014-15 1429 11993204 0 1429 5.06 5.37
2010-11 403 1312680 n.p. n.p. 3.09 4.33
2011-12 1401 n.p. n.p. n.p. 3.71 6.05
Foundation
2012-13 1380 n.p. n.p. n.p. 4.84 7.14
Power
2013-14 1359 10563546 0 1359 4.91 7.25
2014-15 1305 10421325 18 1322 4.36 7.71
2011-12 407 n.p. 162 570 8.45 11.48
Halmore 2012-13 294 n.p. 79 374 8.23 18.42
Power 2013-14 250 n.p. 254 504 6.10 13.66
2014-15 93 n.p. 620 713 9.43 13.98
2013-14 752 n.p. 0 752 3.45 6.18
Uch Power-II
2014-15 2415 18014780 0 2415 1.08 1.94
Source: PSS/WPPO (NTDC)

104
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 17
Auxiliary Consumption and other Factors of Hydel Power Stations
Power Auxiliary Consumption Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Year
Station (GWh) (%) Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
2010-11 97.44 --- 3594 50.70 103.34 52.39
2011-12 48.30 0.30 3702 43.38 106.44 46.17
Tarbela 2012-13 18.02 0.12 3674 45.95 105.64 48.54
2013-14 16.07 0.10 3605 47.93 103.65 49.68
2014-15 15.94 0.11 3605 46.89 103.65 48.61
2010-11 118.86 --- 1150 60.26 115.00 69.30
2011-12 133.40 2.80 1120 48.78 112.00 54.64
Mangla 2012-13 10.00 0.21 1115 48.25 111.50 53.80
2013-14 10.08 0.17 1115 59.95 111.50 66.84
2014-15 11.31 0.17 1115 66.51 111.50 73.86
2010-11 80.68 --- 1450 58.37 100.00 58.37
2011-12 98.56 1.40 1450 55.43 100.00 55.43
Ghazi
2012-13 8.67 0.12 1450 56.41 100.00 56.41
Barotha
2013-14 9.61 0.11 1450 55.02 100.00 55.02
2014-15 7.75 0.12 1450 52.70 100.00 57.94
2010-11 4.19 --- 215 55.09 88.49 48.75
2011-12 0.32 0.00 204 55.31 83.96 46.44
Warsak 2012-13 1.50 0.14 203 58.09 83.55 48.53
2013-14 1.58 0.16 201 52.89 82.73 43.77
2014-15 1.63 0.17 185 60.17 76.14 45.82
2010-11 -85.14 --- 184 56.66 100.00 56.66
2011-12 7.95 0.70 184 62.86 100.00 62.86
Chashma 2012-13 5.97 0.53 184 69.62 100.00 69.62
2013-14 6.05 0.58 184 63.75 100.00 63.76
2014-15 5.64 0.01 184 61.22 100.00 61.22
2010-11 0.32 --- 19 51.08 92.50 47.25
2011-12 0.37 0.40 17 56.69 85.00 48.18
Dargai 2012-13 0.30 0.31 18 60.32 90.48 55.19
2013-14 0.30 0.33 18 56.65 68.50 50.98
2014-15 0.41 0.39 18 67.59 79.52 60.63
2010-11 4.99 --- 19 60.51 86.36 52.26
2011-12 2.93 4.30 16 48.42 72.73 35.21
Rasul 2012-13 0.51 1.03 9 59.47 43.18 25.68
2013-14 0.80 1.52 13 47.85 56.82 28.10
2014-15 2.80 4.18 14 67.27 63.64 36.36
2010-11 2.60 --- 8 49.12 56.30 27.65
2011-12 0.91 2.80 7 82.55 52.59 41.58
Shadiwal 2012-13 0.42 1.34 7 69.23 38.36 26.54
2013-14 0.39 1.27 6 55.59 39.81 25.94
2014-15 0.44 1.7 5 60.87 36.30 22.10
Continued.....

105
State of Industry Report 2015

Power Auxiliary Consumption Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization


Year
Station (GWh) (%) Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
2010-11 0.90 --- 8 49.08 60.61 29.75
2011-12 2.25 6.50 8 49.06 60.61 29.74
Chichoki
2012-13 0.40 0.93 8 61.49 60.61 37.27
Malian
2013-14 0.40 1.09 9 46.31 58.25 31.58
2014-15 0.35 0.89 7 53.88 53.03 28.57
2010-11 0.88 --- 9 54.57 66.67 36.38
2011-12 0.90 2.20 9 55.00 66.67 50.12
Nandipur 2012-13 0.60 1.13 9 62.47 66.67 41.64
2013-14 0.50 1.18 9 52.03 66.67 34.69
2014-15 0.81 2.30 9 43.09 66.67 28.72
2010-11 2.10 --- 4 34.29 100.00 34.29
2011-12 0.48 4.40 4 31.05 100.00 31.05
Kurram
2012-13 0.43 3.01 4 40.78 100.00 40.78
Garhi
2013-14 0.44 2.09 4 57.16 100.00 54.30
2014-15 0.54 2.70 4 56.25 100.00 56.25
2010-11 0.04 --- 1 40.69 72.73 29.59
2011-12 0.06 2.00 1 41.04 72.72 29.85
Renala 2012-13 0.03 0.95 1 63.75 46.61 32.83
2013-14 0.02 0.68 1 56.14 45.65 30.00
2014-15 0.04 1.60 1 54.83 43.79 25.67
2010-11 0.02 --- 1 39.25 100.00 39.25
2011-12 0.02 0.40 1 38.33 103.80 39.79
Chitral 2012-13 0.01 0.30 1 42.28 103.80 49.97
2013-14 0.01 0.30 1 42.02 103.20 41.90
2014-15 0.01 0.19 1 46.36 102.90 42.09
2011-12 3.34 1.90 68 30.38 30.38 28.69
Khan 2012-13 1.35 0.00 72 41.24 41.24 41.24
Khwar 2013-14 1.24 1.80 72 41.24 41.40 41.24
2014-15 4.40 1.99 72 40.11 40.11 40.11
2012-13 1.99 0.99 60 38.63 24.02 24.02
Jinnah 2013-14 3.18 1.10 70 48.25 61.44 35.18
2014-15 2.91 1.50 45 47.95 47.29 22.67
2012-13 0.11 0.05 121 44.34 65.21 44.34
Allai
2013-14 0.84 0.18 121 44.45 90.95 44.45
Khwar
2014-15 0.79 0.17 121 44.19 78.32 43.44
Gomal 2013-14 0.02 0.38 17 16.99 17.80 17.00
Zam 2014-15 0.18 2.04 17 31.01 66.00 31.00
2013-14 0.58 0.77 22 38.37 100.00 38.37
Jabban
2014-15 0.92 0.76 22 61.85 81.25 76.12
Duber 2013-14 0.19 0.07 130 65.55 59.71 64.77
Khwar 2014-15 0.74 0.12 130 53.59 100.00 53.59
Source: PSS/NTDC

106
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 18
Auxiliary Consumption and other Factors of Public Sector Thermal Power Stations
Auxiliary
Consumption Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Power Station Year
Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
(GWh) (%)
2010-11 306.99 11.46 645 49.49 79.38 43.85
2011-12 211.21 12.75 510 36.98 60.00 27.00
TPS Jamshoro
2012-13 206.19 10.93 520 41.42 61.18 30.77
(GENCO-I)
2013-14 345.71 10.47 722 52.07 84.94 53.70
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 19.69 4.17 135 39.89 77.59 37.39
2011-12 13.81 5.00 108 29.92 62.00 23.00
GTPS Kotri
2012-13 28.81 5.80 114 49.70 65.52 40.47
(GENCO-I)
2013-14 10.10 5.64 119 17.13 68.39 14.56
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
TPS Guddu
2012-13 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
(GENCO-II)
2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 0.00 n.p. 25 43.68 99.27 39.10
TPS Quetta 2011-12 2.40 2.00 25 49.00 71.00 49.00
(Isolated
2012-13 2.51 2.54 26 43.47 74.29 45.21
Generation)
(GENCO-II) 2013-14 2.26 2.67 25 38.57 71.43 38.57
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 478.12 11.64 785 59.73 58.15 43.01
2011-12 402.62 10.94 865 48.45 64.07 37.93
TPS Muzaffargarh
2012-13 478.86 9.66 1115 50.74 82.59 50.06
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 596.52 10.41 1157 56.37 85.70 57.72
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 24.13 11.60 85 27.94 64.39 24.79
2011-12 19.71 12.06 72 25.83 54.54 19.37
SPS Faisalabad
2012-13 0.92 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 7.89 15.25 70 8.42 53.03 5.89
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 0.01 n.p. 210 10.55 94.06 10.55
2011-12 7.03 14.69 92 5.92 37.70 2.59
GTPS Faisalabad
2012-13 5.43 15.30 69 5.87 28.28 1.93
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 16.54 8.39 192 11.70 78.69 10.69
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 9.82 16.14 72 9.65 36.92 3.56
2011-12 9.37 16.84 64 9.90 49.00 11.00
NGPS Multan
2012-13 2.04 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
(GENCO-III)
2013-14 1.34 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Nandipur
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
(GENCO-III)
2010-11 22.52 25.52 36 27.99 30.00 8.40
2011-12 30.46 32.00 32 34.14 64.00 36.00
FBC Lakhra
2012-13 20.97 34.51 40 17.34 80.00 23.12
(GENCO-IV)
2013-14 30.46 19.44 34 52.45 68.00 59.45
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Source: PSS/NTDC

107
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 19
Auxiliary Consumption and other Factors of K-Electric and Other Thermal Power Stations
Power Auxiliary Consumption Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Year
Station (GWh) (%) Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
K-EL
2010-11 435.91 8.60 1095 52.84 86.90 45.92
2011-12 414.00 8.80 1040 52.00 42.50 83.00
Bin Qasim
2012-13 341.00 9.16 1030 41.00 34.00 82.00
TPS-I
2013-14 341.00 9.06 890 51.00 51.00 85.00
2014-15 360.00 9.20 915 n.p. n.p. 71.00
2011-12 102.00 8.95 529 55.00 23.17 94.00
Bin Qasim 2012-13 239.00 6.70 566 74.00 73.00 100.00
TPS-II 2013-14 237.00 6.51 560 79.00 74.00 100.00
2014-15 251.00 6.40 548 n.p. n.p. 97.90
2010-11 34.10 12.61 70 82.42 24.70 24.70
2011-12 20.00 12.27 65 93.00 14.86 52.00
Korangi
2012-13 2.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
TPS
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 0.02 3.28 17 70.98 81.48 71.42
Korangi 2011-12 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
Town 2012-13 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
GTPS-I 2013-14 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 15.13 2.24 88 88.00 87.57 n.p.
Korangi 2011-12 14.00 2.35 88 78.00 77.02 100.00
Town 2012-13 9.00 2.75 88 54.00 42.00 100.00
GTPS-II 2013-14 10.00 2.54 85 55.00 51.00 94.40
2014-15 11.00 2.60 85 n.p. n.p. 96.60
2010-11 0.01 10.00 15 82.00 81.48 61.97
2011-12 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
Site
2012-13 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
GTPS-I
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 15.06 2.57 88 80.00 76.04 n.p.
2011-12 11.00 2.64 88 73.00 53.87 100.00
Site GTPS-
2012-13 8.00 5.13 88 60.00 20.00 100.00
II
2013-14 7.00 5.80 85 58.00 15.00 94.40
2014-15 8.00 4.70 85 n.p. n.p. 96.60
2010-11 91.39 7.46 203 69.66 63.59 63.59
2011-12 75.00 7.42 190 66.00 52.29 83.00
Korangi
2012-13 66.00 8.30 191 58.00 41.00 87.00
CCPP
2013-14 64.00 8.01 196 66.00 41.00 89.00
2014-15 74.00 8.30 222 n.p. n.p. 89.90
IPPs (Connected with KEL System)
2010-11 21.73 n.p. 128 94.08 66.96 90.88
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 120 n.p. n.p. n.p.
Gul
2012-13 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Ahmed
2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 11.04 n.p. 124 73.31 73.31 99.54
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 117 n.p. n.p. n.p.
Tapal
2012-13 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Energy
2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Source: KEL

108
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 20
Auxiliary Consumption and other Factors of Private Sector Thermal Power Stations
Auxiliary
Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Power Station Year Consumption
Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
(GWh) (%)
2010-11 1.28 5.93 351 78.90 36.30 57.60
2011-12 n.p. 6.40 350 83.80 58.00 58.30
Lal Pir Power 2012-13 115.27 6.55 350 82.64 53.60 53.60
2013-14 151.37 6.78 350 79.79 67.87 67.87
2014-15 123.67 6.92 350 75.66 65.11 65.11
2010-11 1.01 6.89 344 76.60 42.80 52.91
2011-12 n.p. 6.54 350 84.20 55.00 55.21
Pak Gen. Power 2012-13 130.94 5.96 350 84.17 63.14 63.14
2013-14 141.82 6.53 350 80.90 66.25 66.25
2014-15 95.12 7.22 350 75.14 59.87 59.87
2010-11 n.p. 3.00 n.p. 96.79 77.00 94.88
2011-12 n.p. 2.80 27 95.51 78.00 97.47
Altern Energy 2012-13 10.59 5.18 30 93.05 93.90 94.82
2013-14 10.94 5.06 30 94.50 96.10 94.94
2014-15 9.04 4.96 30 97.35 96.33 95.04
2010-11 30.51 2.83 157 92.25 82.11 87.72
2011-12 n.p. 2.84 151 96.10 93.10 100.21
Fauji Kabirwala 2012-13 32.24 2.83 157 92.68 84.10 98.30
2013-14 36.03 3.16 157 94.87 89.85 94.99
2014-15 31.40 2.07 157 94.54 75.91 83.59
2010-11 20.36 2.55 129 73.13 83.13 85.80
2011-12 n.p. 2.74 129 60.86 60.40 82.93
Habibullah
2012-13 n.p. 2.40 129 58.20 57.90 53.65
Coastal
2013-14 15.66 2.32 128 70.56 59.56 76.98
2014-15 17.88 2.40 126 76.49 63.52 86.76
2010-11 453.11 5.29 1,200 77.20 89.10 86.70
2011-12 n.p. 4.87 1,200 73.70 73.70 69.40
HUBCO 2012-13 481.64 5.90 1,200 73.00 82.00 89.00
2013-14 416.21 5.00 1,200 67.40 78.30 86.30
2014-15 398.00 5.84 1,200 65.00 76.00 83.00
2010-11 17.59 4.71 121 41.00 52.40 48.47
2011-12 n.p. 4.50 107 38.50 29.90 56.60
Japan Power 2012-13 n.p. 1.50 107 10.80 10.70 8.54
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 171.59 2.90 1,361 48.40 48.30 56.10
2011-12 n.p. 2.80 1,342 51.50 51.40 58.10
KAPCO 2012-13 158.00 2.78 1,238 47.00 91.70 51.20
2013-14 185.00 2.78 1,444 55.10 80.20 68.70
2014-15 196.00 2.75 1,431 59.00 85.54 69.00
2010-11 27.46 3.17 124 98.10 81.78 86.72
2011-12 n.p. 2.80 124 97.30 66.70 72.50
Kohinoor Energy 2012-13 22.00 2.97 124 92.84 66.71 71.09
2013-14 27.00 2.91 124 94.36 81.89 85.20
2014-15 26.35 2.92 124 93.80 80.73 84.80
Continued.....

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Auxiliary
Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Power Station Year Consumption
Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
(GWh) (%)
2010-11 54.03 1.74 443 90.00 89.57 96.95
2011-12 n.p. 1.73 395 92.05 78.70 97.39
Rousch Power 2012-13 46.60 1.80 452 72.83 73.45 98.31
2013-14 48.10 1.71 457 82.13 98.99 81.75
2014-15 44.88 1.78 450 72.04 91.70 78.90
2010-11 17.04 6.94 126 47.93 22.20 22.31
2011-12 n.p. 6.73 126 46.80 10.40 10.53
Saba Power 2012-13 5.63 6.21 134 58.35 7.73 7.73
2013-14 9.05 6.53 134 46.40 11.76 11.76
2014-15 2.55 7.20 126 41.59 5.94 5.94
2010-11 15.60 3.43 111 49.74 55.24 53.48
2011-12 n.p. 2.75 110 27.90 25.20 28.42
Southern Power 2012-13 n.p. 2.46 110 10.10 9.90 9.46
2013-14 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2014-15 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
2010-11 3.20 2.34 219 75.81 71.78 92.48
2011-12 n.p. 2.05 212 84.80 79.60 86.07
TNB Liberty
2012-13 18.78 2.04 207 55.84 48.75 86.31
Power
2013-14 18.27 1.90 219 53.93 51.07 93.24
2014-15 24.83 2.00 216 67.44 65.91 91.76
2010-11 70.44 1.67 590 87.40 87.30 87.45
2011-12 n.p. 1.59 551 88.60 88.20 88.59
Uch Power 2012-13 61.50 1.62 584 78.61 80.60 98.09
2013-14 67.73 1.57 591 89.37 90.99 99.09
2014-15 67.52 1.60 549 85.93 87.08 96.37
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 156 85.10 n.p. 85.70
Attock Gen. 2012-13 29.48 2.29 157 98.42 92.30 100.37
2013-14 28.86 2.27 157 98.48 91.49 100.41
2014-15 27.88 2.31 157 98.00 89.00 100.00
2010-11 54.35 n.p. 215 80.00 80.00 91.00
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 214 57.00 n.p. n.p.
Atlas Power 2012-13 46.45 2.48 214 73.67 73.82 77.71
2013-14 37.66 1.96 215 81.08 81.08 86.68
2014-15 36.24 1.89 215 78.02 78.02 82.99
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 195 62.00 n.p. 62.10
Nishat Power 2012-13 33.44 2.55 195 83.66 72.76 83.66
2013-14 39.39 2.62 195 95.30 83.57 95.30
2014-15 38.88 2.68 195 90.13 80.47 90.13
2010-11 15.33 n.p. 196 96.89 93.68 98.08
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 196 62.20 n.p. 62.20
Liberty Power
2012-13 n.p. n.p. 196 83.70 n.p. n.p.
Tech.
2013-14 32.25 2.10 197 97.70 88.44 90.58
2014-15 32.07 2.10 197 97.80 88.15 90.27
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 214 70.50 n.p. 70.50
HUBCO Narowal 2012-13 n.p. n.p. 214 43.80 n.p. n.p.
2013-14 30.25 1.94 217 83.41 83.41 96.13
2014-15 25.72 1.81 217 75.71 75.71 88.40
Continued.....

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Auxiliary
Maximum Load Factor Capacity Utilization
Power Station Year Consumption
Load (MW) (%) Factor (%) Factor (%)
(GWh) (%)
2010-11 26.54 n.p. 196 97.00 86.00 93.00
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 196 62.60 n.p. 62.60
Nishat Chunian 2012-13 n.p. n.p. 196 74.80 n.p. n.p.
2013-14 27.50 2.37 196 95.66 85.80 88.70
2014-15 27.40 2.36 196 93.05 81.33 85.02
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 212 47.00 n.p. 48.10
Sapphire Electric 2012-13 n.p. n.p. 212 47.20 n.p. n.p.
Power
2013-14 23.68 2.93 225 45.61 40.87 45.73
2014-15 29.83 2.91 222 54.36 51.88 54.50
2010-11 43.81 n.p. n.p. 86.60 93.50 92.60
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 214 92.40 n.p. 93.10
Engro Power
2012-13 45.50 2.69 214 89.00 90.13 99.80
Gen. Qadirpur
2013-14 39.50 2.75 217 84.56 101.00 84.00
2014-15 41.00 2.80 217 84.00 91.00 91.00
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 205 47.50 n.p. 50.70
Saif Power 2012-13 n.p. n.p. 205 40.60 n.p. n.p.
2013-14 23.61 3.16 216 43.20 38.95 41.31
2014-15 24.15 3.04 220 47.52 41.86 43.03
2010-11 25.87 n.p. 224 59.00 62.00 98.00
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 213 36.60 n.p. 36.60
Orient Power 2012-13 n.p. n.p. 213 30.80 n.p. n.p.
2013-14 18.36 3.40 219 33.93 31.38 31.38
2014-15 29.17 2.81 218 65.45 60.54 60.54
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2011-12 n.p. n.p. 172 90.00 n.p. n.p.
Foundation
2012-13 49.98 3.61 193 100.10 92.90 n.p.
Power
2013-14 49.55 3.64 200 97.68 92.57 90.12
2014-15 48.75 3.69 197 96.31 89.97 87.59
Uch 2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Power-II 2014-15 59.16 2.38 381 72.56 73.89 79.30
Davis 2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Energen. 2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
Source: PSS/NTDC

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TABLE 21
Main Electricity Statistics of the Country
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
1: Maximum Energy Demand (MW)
PEPCO Area 20,559 21,997 22,883 23,425 23,381
KEL Area 2,591 2,596 2,778 2,929 3,056
Un-diversified Energy Demand
21,086 21,536 21,605 23,505 n.p.
of the Country
Diversified Energy Demand of
20,673 21,114 21,181 23,044 n.p.
the Country
2: Consumers (Nos.)
Domestic 17,321,552 17,977,777 18,712,912 19,322,664 20,147,827
Commercial 2,421,224 2,482,677 2,550,812 2,635,089 2,723,707
PEPCO Area

Industrial 273,067 286,393 296,849 305,294 315,116


Agricultural 280,603 286,287 301,115 310,578 318,081
Public Lighting 8,386 8,696 8,927 9,158 9,348
Bulk Supply + Others 4,650 4,778 4,985 5,087 5,168
Total in PEPCO Area 20,309,482 21,046,608 21,875,600 22,587,870 23,519,247
Domestic 1,632,604 1,659,766 1,660,768 1,650,034 1,695,782
Commercial 452,667 456,537 452,329 438,150 439,130
KEL Area

Industrial 20,595 20,537 20,462 20,464 20,613


Agricultural 2,233 2,536 2,616 2,410 77
Public Lighting 57 67 66 74 198
Bulk Supply + Others 1,464 423 367 202 2
Total in KEL Area 2,109,620 2,139,866 2,136,608 2,111,334 2,155,802
Total in the Country 22,419,102 23,186,474 24,012,208 24,699,204 25,675,049
3: Auxiliary Consumption and System Losses (in percentage)
PEPCO Area
Auxiliary Consumption 3.11 2.95 n.p. 2.70 2.70
Transmission Losses 3.03 2.82 3.05 2.82 2.63
Distribution Losses 18.37 18.17 17.60 19.80 19.90
KEL Area
Auxiliary Consumption (KEL
7.56 7.92 7.76 7.56 7.55
Own)
T&D Losses (excluding
32.26 29.71 27.82 25.30 23.69
Auxiliary Consumption)
4: Average Sales Price (Rs./kWh)
PEPCO Area 6.25 8.03 8.94 10.35 9.32
KEL Area 8.29 9.01 11.02 12.15 12.08
5: Per Capita Electricity Consumption
PEPCO system
Population (Million) 162.59 165.70 168.82 172.12 n.p.
Energy Sale (GWh) 71,661.57 71,155.56 70,447.04 76,493.93 78,070.12
Per capita electricity
441 431 418 445 n.p.
consumption (kWh)
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


Average Sale/ Consumer
3,260.18 3,110.80 2,970.62 3,145.62 3,088.67
(kWh)
KEL system
Population (Million) 13.84 14.34 15.11 16.06 n.p.
Energy Sale (GWh) 10,098.00 10,280.00 10,942.00 11,454.00 12,293.00
Per capita electricity
570 586 547 487 523
consumption (kWh)
Average Sale/ Consumer
4,804.03 5,121.20 5,425.00 5,695.71
(kWh) 4,774.31
Source: PSS/NTDC/DISCOs/KEL

TABLE 22
Category-wise Energy Sales in PEPCO and K-Electric System (GWh)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PEPCO System
Domestic 30,972 30,203 30,321 33,322 34,566
Percentage share 43.22 42.45 43.04 43.56 44.28
Commercial 4,682 4,562 4,434 4,793 4,853
Percentage share 6.53 6.41 6.29 6.27 6.22
Industrial 17,699 18,399 18,641 20,551 21,085
Percentage share 24.70 25.86 26.46 26.87 27.01
Agricultural 8,847 8,410 7,550 8,129 7,866
Percentage share 12.35 11.82 10.72 10.63 10.08
Public Lighting 353 363 387 390 393
Percentage share 0.49 0.51 0.55 0.51 0.50
Bulk Supply 2,581 2,598 3,623 3,837 3,846
Percentage share 3.60 3.65 5.14 5.02 4.93
Others + Traction 1,078 936 27 31 33
Percentage share 1.50 1.32 0.04 0.04 0.04
Supplied to KEL 5,449 5,684 5,463 5,441 5,427
Percentage share  7.60 7.99 7.75 7.11 6.95
Total in PEPCO area 71,662 71,156 70,447 76,494 78,070
KEL System
Domestic 4,257 4,564 5,083 5,489 6,161
Percentage share 42.16 44.40 46.45 47.92 50.12
Commercial 1,043 1,128 1,507 1,507 1,589
Percentage share 10.33 10.97 13.77 13.16 12.93
Industrial 3,447 3,342 3,445 3,568 3,648
Percentage share 34.14 32.51 31.48 31.15 29.68
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


Agricultural 125 134 149 160 166
Percentage share 1.24 1.30 1.36 1.40 1.35
Public Lighting 82 118 111 106 110
Percentage share 0.81 1.15 1.01 0.93 0.89
Bulk Supply + Others 1,118 994 647 624 619
Percentage share 11.07 9.67 5.91 5.45 5.04
Supplied to NTDC 26 0 0 0 0
Percentage share  0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total in KEL area 10,098 10,280 10,942 11,454 12,293
Country
Domestic 35,229 34,767 35,404 38,811 40,727
Percentage share 46.18 45.90 46.63 47.04 47.95
Commercial 5,725 5,690 5,941 6,300 6,442
Percentage share 7.50 7.51 7.82 7.64 7.59
Industrial 21,146 21,741 22,086 24,119 24,733
Percentage share 27.72 28.70 29.09 29.23 29.12
Agricultural 8,972 8,544 7,699 8,289 8,032
Percentage share 11.76 11.28 10.14 10.05 9.46
Public Lighting 435 481 498 496 503
Percentage share 0.57 0.63 0.66 0.60 0.59
Bulk Supply + Others 4,778 4,528 4,297 4,492 4,498
Percentage share 6.26 5.98 5.66 5.44 5.30
Total in the Country* 76,285 75,752 75,926 82,507 84,936
* excluding supplied to KEL and supplied to NTDC
Source: PSS/NTDC/DISCOs/KEL

TABLE 23
Category-wise Consumers and their Electricity Consumption (%)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PEPCO Area (Consumers and Consumption in percentage to the total)
Consumers 85.29 85.42 85.54 85.54 85.67
Domestic
Consumption 43.22 42.45 43.04 43.56 44.28
Consumers 11.92 11.80 11.66 11.67 11.58
Commercial
Consumption 6.53 6.41 6.29 6.27 6.22
Consumers 1.34 1.36 1.36 1.35 1.34
Industrial
Consumption 24.70 25.86 26.46 26.87 27.01
Consumers 1.38 1.36 1.38 1.37 1.35
Agricultural
Consumption 12.35 11.82 10.72 10.63 10.08
Consumers 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Public Lighting
Consumption 0.49 0.51 0.55 0.51 0.50
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


Bulk Supply + Traction + Consumers 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Others Consumption 5.11 4.97 5.18 5.06 4.97
Supplied to KEL Consumption 7.60 7.99 7.75 7.11 6.95
KEL Area (Consumers and Consumption in percentage to the total)
Consumers 77.39 77.56 77.73 78.15 78.66
Domestic
Consumption 42.16 44.40 46.45 47.92 50.12
Consumers 21.46 21.33 21.17 20.75 20.37
Commercial
Consumption 10.33 10.97 13.77 13.16 12.93
Consumers 0.98 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.96
Industrial
Consumption 34.14 32.51 31.48 31.15 29.68
Consumers 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.00
Agricultural
Consumption 1.24 1.30 1.36 1.40 1.35
Consumers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Public Lighting
Consumption 0.81 1.15 1.01 0.93 0.89
Consumers 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.00
Bulk Supply + Others
Consumption 11.07 9.67 5.91 5.45 5.04
Supplied to NTDC Consumption 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Country (Consumers and Consumption in percentage to the total)
Consumers 84.54 84.69 84.85 84.91 85.08
Domestic
Consumption 46.18 45.90 46.63 47.04 47.95
Consumers 12.82 12.68 12.51 12.44 12.32
Commercial
Consumption 7.50 7.51 7.82 7.64 7.59
Consumers 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.32 1.31
Industrial
Consumption 27.72 28.70 29.09 29.23 29.12
Consumers 1.26 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.24
Agricultural
Consumption 11.76 11.28 10.14 10.05 9.46
Consumers 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Public Lighting
Consumption 0.57 0.63 0.66 0.60 0.59
Consumers 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Bulk Supply + Others
Consumption 4.85 4.74 5.62 5.41 5.26
Consumers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Traction
Consumption 1.41 1.24 0.04 0.04 0.04
Source: PSS/NTDC/DISCOs/KEL

10.2 Load Pattern and Peak Load Hours


The electrical load pattern in the country varies from season to season; during summer season there is an
increase in the inductive load while in winter season increase in resistive load has been observed. The peak hour
timing in the system is normally from 6 PM to 10 PM. The hourly load figures for a typical working and non-
working day in summer and winter, during 2014, are given hereunder.

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TABLE 24
Hourly System Demand (MW)
Maximum Demand (MW) System Demand for a System Demand for a
(January, 2014 - December, Typical day in Summer Typical Day in Winter
Hours 2014) (January, 2014 - December, 2014)
(January, 2014 - December, 2014)
of the
day Summer Winter Working day Non-working day Working day Non-working day
(23-07-2014) (03-01-2014) (23-07-2014) (20-07-2014) (03-01-2014) (05-01-2014)

1 19,167 11,205 19,167 18,016 11,205 10,449


2 19,090 10,903 19,090 17,674 10,903 10,158
3 19,514 10,611 19,514 18,298 10,611 10,126
4 19,922 10,791 19,922 18,269 10,791 10,123
5 18,640 11,041 18,640 17,445 11,041 10,090
6 18,756 11,432 18,756 16,848 11,432 10,970
7 18,657 12,374 18,657 17,025 12,374 11,271
8 19,035 12,620 19,035 17,380 12,620 11,324
9 19,249 12,613 19,249 17,751 12,613 11,507
10 19,448 12,804 19,448 17,905 12,804 11,591
11 19,718 13,139 19,718 18,022 13,139 12,127
12 19,775 13,226 19,775 18,420 13,226 12,215
13 19,701 13,080 19,701 18,544 13,080 11,865
14 20,899 12,684 20,899 18,812 12,684 12,035
15 20,376 12,577 20,376 18,642 12,577 11,548
16 19,722 12,555 19,722 18,721 12,555 11,363
17 19,772 12,410 19,772 18,421 12,410 11,956
18 19,518 13,711 19,518 18,451 13,711 13,580
19 19,161 13,577 19,161 18,470 13,577 13,575
20 20,929 13,566 20,929 19,688 13,566 13,222
21 20,720 13,058 20,720 20,268 13,058 12,210
22 20,391 12,320 20,391 20,466 12,320 11,720
23 20,218 11,577 20,218 19,707 11,577 11,022
24 19,103 10,977 19,103 18,798 10,977 10,698
* Highlighted area indictes maximum demand.
Source: National Power Control Centre, Islamabad

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Figure 24B. System Demand for a Typical Day


in Summer and Winter (MW)
24,000
21,000
18,000
15,000
12,000
9,000
6,000
3,000
-
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
HOURS OF THE DAY

Working day Non-working day Working day Non-working day


(23-07-2014) (20-07-2014) (03-01-2014) (05-01-2014)

10.3 Maximum Demand


The maximum demand in PEPCO and K-Electric systems for the years 2010-11 to 2014-15 and the year-wise
percentage change in maximum demand is given in the following table.

TABLE 25
Maximum Electricity Demand in the Country (MW)
Financial Year ending 30th June 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PEPCO Area 20,559 21,997 22,883 23,425 23,381
% change in Maximum Demand 6.59 6.99 4.03 2.37 -0.19
KEL Area 2,591 2,596 2,778 2,929 3,056
% change in Maximum Demand 1.13 0.19 7.01 5.44 4.34
Un-diversified Energy Demand
21,086 21,536 21,605 23,505 n.p.
of the Country
% change in Maximum Demand 0.96 2.13 0.32 8.79 -
Diversified Energy Demand of
20,673 21,114 21,181 23,044 n.p.
the Country
% change in Maximum Demand 0.96 2.13 0.32 8.80 -
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

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Figure 25. Maximum Electricity Demand in the Country (MW)


25,000 22,883 23,425 23,381
21,997
22,500 20,559
20,000
17,500
15,000
12,500
10,000
7,500
3,056
5,000 2,778
2,591 2,596 2,929
2,500
-
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PEPCO Area KEL Area

10.4 Pattern of Electricity Consumption


The overall electricity consumption in the country since 2000 was growing steadily. However, during 2014-15
electricity consumption in the country excluding K-Electric area increased by 2.06%. The sector-wise electricity
consumption and their share in total electricity consumption of the country, for the years 2010-11 to 2014-15
are given in the following table.

TABLE 26
Annual Growth Rate of Electricity Consumption
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
A: PEPCO area
GWh 30,972 30,203 30,321 33,322 34,566
Domestic
% 5.12 -2.48 0.39 9.90 3.73
GWh 4,682 4,562 4,434 4,793 4,853
Commercial
% 4.83 -2.56 -2.82 8.09 1.27
GWh 17,699 18,399 18,641 20,551 21,085
Industrial
% 7.96 3.96 1.32 10.24 2.60
GWh 8,847 8,410 7,550 8,129 7,866
Agricultural
% -7.68 -4.94 -10.22 7.67 -3.24
GWh 353 363 387 390 393
Public Lighting
% -5.14 2.84 6.67 0.73 0.87
GWh 2,581 2,598 3,623 3,837 3,846
Bulk Supply
% -22.92 0.65 39.43 5.90 0.24
Others + GWh 1,078 936 27 31 33
Traction % 3494.17 -13.18 -97.10 15.52 5.16
GWh 5,449 5,684 5,463 5,441 5,427
Supplied to KEL
% 4.63 4.31 -3.88 -0.40 -0.26
Total GWh 71,662 71,156 70,447 76,494 78,070
Percentage
% 4.06 -0.71 -1.00 8.58 2.06
change
Continued.....

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  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15


B: KEL area
GWh 4,257 4,564 5,083 5,489 6,161
Domestic
% 2.14 7.21 11.37 7.99 12.24
GWh 1,043 1,128 1,507 1,507 1,589
Commercial
% -4.40 8.15 33.60 0.00 5.44
GWh 3,447 3,342 3,445 3,568 3,648
Industrial
% 1.77 -3.05 3.08 3.57 2.24
GWh 125 134 149 160 166
Agricultural
% 20.19 7.20 11.19 7.38 3.75
GWh 82 118 111 106 110
Public Lighting
% -5.75 43.90 -5.93 -4.50 3.77
Bulk Supply + GWh 1,118 994 647 624 619
Others % 4.68 -11.09 -34.91 -3.55 -0.80
Supplied to GWh 26 0 0 0 0
NTDC % 30.00 -100.00 0.00 1.00 2.00
Total GWh 10,098 10,280 10,942 11,454 12,293
Percentage
% 1.74 1.80 6.44 4.68 7.32
change
C: Country area
GWh 35,229 34,767 35,404 38,811 40,727
Domestic
% 4.75 -1.31 1.83 9.62 4.94
GWh 5,725 5,690 5,941 6,300 6,442
Commercial
% 3.02 -0.60 4.40 6.04 2.27
GWh 21,146 21,741 22,086 24,119 24,733
Industrial
% 6.90 2.81 1.59 9.20 2.55
GWh 8,972 8,544 7,699 8,289 8,032
Agricultural
% -7.38 -4.77 -9.88 7.66 -3.11
GWh 435 481 498 496 503
Public Lighting
% -5.26 10.58 3.58 -0.44 1.49
Bulk Supply + GWh 3,699 3,592 4,270 4,461 4,465
Others % -16.25 -2.90 18.86 4.46 0.09
GWh 1,078 936 27 31 33
Traction
% 3494.17 -13.18 -97.10 15.52 5.16
Total GWh 81,760 81,436 81,389 87,948 90,363
Percentage
% 3.77 -0.40 -0.06 8.06 2.75
change
Source: NTDC/KEL

10.5 Surplus/Deficit in Demand and Supply during Peak Hours (actual and projected)
The actual position of demand and supply of the electric power during peak hours in the NTDC’s and K-Electric’s
system have been reproduced in the following tables. Further, the projected figures of planned generation
capacity, demand growth rate and surplus/deficit of electric power for the years to come, in the NTDC and
K-Electric area have also been collected through respective companies and are included in the above stated
tables.

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 27
Surplus/Deficit in Demand and Supply during NTDC’s System Peak Hours
A: Actual Figures
Demand During
Financial Year Generation Surplus/
NTDC’s System Peak
ending 30th June Capability (MW) (Deficit) (MW)
Hours (MW)
2011 13,193 18,521 -5,328
2012 12,320 18,940 -6,620
2013 14,600 18,827 -4,227
2014 16,170 20,576 -4,406
2015 16,500 21,701 -5,201
B: Projected Figures
Planned Generation NTDC Projected NTDC’s Projected Surplus/
Financial Year
Capability as per Demand Growth Demand during (Deficit)
ending 30th June
NTDC (MW) Rate (%) Peak Hours (MW) (MW)
2016 17,551 5.98 22,457 -4,906
2017 20,641 6.05 23,816 -3,175
2018 25,077 5.56 25,140 -63
2019 29,171 5.17 26,439 2,732
2020 31,216 4.86 27,725 3,491
Source: NTDC

TABLE 28
Surplus/Deficit in Demand and Supply during K-Electric’s System Peak Hours
A: Actual Figures
Financial Year Generation Demand During KEL’s Surplus/
ending 30th Capability (MW)* System Peak Hours (Deficit) (MW)
June (MW)
2011 2,237 2,565 -328
2012 2,163 2,596 -433
2013 2,246 2,778 -532
2014 2,601* 2,929 -328
2015 2,632* 3,056 -424
B: Projected Figures
KEL’s Projected
Financial Year Planned Generation KEL’s Projected Demand during Surplus/
ending 30th Capability as per Demand Growth Peak hours (Deficit) (MW)
June KEL (MW) Rate (%) (MW)
2,752
2016 5.00 3,209 -457
(including 20 + 100 MW NPC)
2,804
2017 5.00 3,369 -565
(including 52 MW FPCL)
3,674
2018 (including 450 LNG + 420 5.00 3,538 136
Coal Conversion)
4,374
2019 5.00 3,715 659
(including 700 MW Coal)**
2020 4,374 5.00 3,900 474
* includes 650 MW from NTDC. ** Subject to approval of acceptable tariff by NEPRA and other regulatory approvals.
Source: KEL

120
ELECTRICITY
GENERATION 11
State of Industry Report 2015

11. ELECTRICITY GENERATION


11.1 General
Pakistan faces chronic electricity shortage due to demand growth, high system losses, and seasonal reductions
in the availability of hydropower, circular debt etc. rotating power outages (“load shedding”) are common and
many villages are not yet electrified.

The power sector in Pakistan is a mixed industry of thermal, hydro and nuclear power plants. Originally the
ratio of hydel to thermal installed generation capacity, in the country was about 67% to 33% (1985) but with
the passage of time, due to different reasons more of thermal generation was added and thereby reduced share
of hydel generation. At present, this hydel to thermal installed generation capacity ratio turns to about 30%
to 65%. As on 30th June, 2015, the total installed capacity of the country was 24,823 MW of which the share of
thermal power plants was 16,814 MW (67.74%) followed by hydel power plants 7,116 MW (28.67%), nuclear
power plants 787 MW (3.17%) and wind power plant 106 MW (0.43%). It is a drawback of the country that its
power production is dominated by thermal power plants running on oil and gas. Pakistan is a country which is
heavily dependent on import of oil for its domestic energy requirement due to large amount of oil-fired power
plants.

During 2014-15, the total energy generated in the country was 109,059 GWh of which the share of thermal
electricity generation was 69,988 GWh (64.17%), hydel power plants were 32,979 GWh (30.24%), nuclear power
plants were 5,349 GWh (4.90%) and wind power plant was 300 GWh (0.27%). The increasing share of thermal
electricity generation increased the utilities financial burden particularly in foreign exchange. It is a strong need
of the time to increase the hydel generation by adding new hydropower plants. The share of private sector is
increasing as compared to the public sector. Electricity generation by source and sector during 2010-11 to 2014-
15 are shown in the following table.

TABLE 29
Energy Generation by Sector and Source (GWh)
Sector/Source of Generation 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Public Sector 47,833 45,731 46,380 48,915 50,590
Public (Hydel) 31,685 28,207 29,327 31,204 31,941
Public (Thermal) 13,018 12,652 12,872 13,016 13,300
Public (Nuclear) 3,130 4,872 4,181 4,695 5,349
Private Sector 52,751 53,564 52,275 56,783 58,469
Private (Hydel) 305 436 706 1,035 1,038
Private (Thermal*) 52,446 53,128 51,569 55,748 57,431
Total 100,584 99,295 98,655 105,698 109,059
* including Import from Iran, Wind and KEL
Source: PSS/NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 29: Energy Generation by Sector and Source (GWh)

50,000
45,000
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
-
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Public (Hydel) Private (Hydel) Public (Thermal) Private (Thermal) Public (Nuclear)

11.2 Thermal Generation


Majority of Pakistan’s power generation is thermal, with furnace oil, high-speed diesel and natural gas as fuels;
coal is almost non-existent yet. During 2014-15, the share of thermal power generation in the energy mix of
Pakistan was 64.17% as against 64.41% during last year.

Most of the upcoming power projects in the country would be based on coal and gas. The list of power plants
planned in private sector shows the fuel of their operation, prepared by PPIB, is also included in this report.
The thermal power plants running on oil will increase the current account deficit which is already problem
for the country. The import of oil is one of the main reasons of current account deficit. Any strategy to cut
current account deficit requires to cut down the oil imports and for this it is essential to reduce the electricity
generation through oil. Similarly, the thermal power plants running on natural gas has negative externality. The
economic loss resulting from deficiency of natural gas due to excessive reliance on gas fired power generation
is a negative externality. The total installed capacity of thermal power plants in the country as on 30th June, 2015
was 16,814 MW out of which thermal power plants of 5,762 MW were in public sector.

11.3 Thermal Power Generation and Fuel Consumption


Gas: During the year 2014-15, the share of electricity generated using gas in the total electricity generation of
the country was 44.57% while this share during 2013-14 was 45.19%.

Oil: During the year 2014-15, the share of electricity generated using oil in the total electricity generation of
the country was 55.28% while this share during 2013-14 was 54.64%.

Coal: During the year 2014-15, the share of electricity generated using coal in the total electricity generation of
the country was 0.15% while this share during 2013-14 was 0.16%.

The historical record of thermal electricity generation using different fuels, from the years 2010-11 to 2014-15
is given in the following table.

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 30
Thermal Electricity Generation by Sector and by Fuel (GWh)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Thermal Genertion by:
GENCOs 13,018 12,652 12,872 13,016 13,300
KEL Own Power Plants 7,826 8,029 8,567 8,709 9,319
PEPCO Area 41,209 42,222 40,062 43,701 44,638
IPPs
KEL Area 1,538 933 1,116 1,380 1,525
PEPCO Area 546 758 0 0 0
RPPs
KEL Area 158 0 0 0 0
PEPCO Area 587 730 1,280 1,108 1,015
CPPs/SPPs
KEL Area 287 154 137 168 191
Total Thermal Generation 65,169 65,478 64,034 68,082 69,988
Thermal Generation using:
PEPCO Area* 31,498 24,161 21,817 23,877 23,903
Gas KEL Area 5,578 6,001 6,373 6,892 7,293
Total 37,076 30,162 28,190 30,769 31,196
PEPCO Area** 23,796 32,135 32,357 33,836 34,948
FO and HSD KEL Area 4,188 3,115 3,447 3,365 3,742
Total 27,984 35,250 35,804 37,201 38,690
PEPCO Area 66 66 40 112 102
Coal KEL Area 43 0 0 0 0
Total 109 66 40 112 102
Total Thermal Generation 65,169 65,478 64,034 68,082 69,988
* Including generation of SPPs. ** Including generation of CPPs.
Source: PSS/NTDC/KEL

11.4 Hydel Generation


Water flowing in the rivers has kinetic energy. Once it is used to drive the turbine and produce electricity, the
power thus generated is called hydel energy. Power produced by the turbines depends on quantity of water
flowing per minutes and the head of water available.

Pakistan has a potential of around 40,000 MW hydropower, whereas the installed hydel power capacity of
Pakistan at the end of 2014-15 was 7,116 MW. The share of existing hydel power installed capacity to the total
installed generation capacity of the country is only 28.67% while this share in year 1985 was around 67%. The
share of hydel power generation during 2014-15, in the energy mix of Pakistan, was 30.24% as against 30.50%
during same period last year. Most of the installed hydel power capacity of the country is owned by public sector
(WAPDA) and only 214 MW installed hydel power capacity is in private sector.

As discussed earlier, the availability of hydel power generation is subject to seasonal variation i.e. it depends
upon the reservoir levels, inflow of water and discharge of water from the reservoir. Monthly variation in
maximum hydro generation capacity, during past five years, has been collected from NPCC and is given in the
following table.

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 31
Monthly Variation in Maximum Hydel Generating Capability (MW)
Month

Ghazi Chashma Jinnah Allai Khan Duber Small


Year Tarbela Mangla Warsak Total
Barotha Hydel Hydel Khwar Khwar Khwar Hydels

2010 3,546 1,150 1,450 205 176 - - - - 55 6,582


2011 3,238 1,035 1,450 204 184 - - - - 117 6,228
July

2012 2,923 1,039 1,450 186 144 - - - - 116 5,858


2013 3,605 1,115 1,450 190 160 39 121 - - 127 6,807
2014 3,522 1,115 1,450 180 120 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 80 6,467
2010 3,594 1,150 1,450 207 86 - - - - 48 6,535
2011 3,634 1,060 1,450 200 184 - - - - 106 6,634
August

2012 3,603 1,092 1,450 203 168 - - - - 126 6,642


2013 3,578 1,115 1,450 191 160 32 121 - - 128 6,775
2014 3,605 1,115 1,450 175 184 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 78 6,607
2010 3,600 1,150 1,450 150 184 - - - - 54 6,588
September

2011 3,702 1,120 1,450 200 184 - - - - 107 6,763


2012 3,674 1,115 1,450 203 184 - - - - 120 6,746
2013 3,613 1,115 1,450 190 184 70 121 - - 114 6,857
2014 3,605 1,115 1,450 150 184 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 81 6,585
2010 3,395 1,150 1,450 215 176 - - - - 54 6,440
2011 3,438 1,115 1,450 200 184 - - - - 109 6,496
October

2012 3,587 1,115 1,450 203 191 - - - - 86 6,632


2013 3,397 1,115 1,450 160 184 73 121 121 - 60 6,681
2014 3,605 1,000 1,450 150 181 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 82 6,468
2010 3,056 1,035 1,450 180 161 - - - - 44 5,926
November

2011 3,371 1,115 1,450 166 168 - - - - 94 6,364


2012 2,980 1,115 1,450 144 160 - - - - 76 5,925
2013 2,654 1,115 1,160 130 184 60 121 68 - 40 5,532
2014 2,808 1,115 1,450 150 168 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 80 5,771
2010 2,914 980 1,450 150 136 - - - - 34 5,664
December

2011 3,199 1,111 1,450 133 136 - - - - 52 6,081


2012 2,853 1,081 1,450 144 147 - - - - 71 5,746
2013 2,584 1,115 1,160 130 184 58 121 72 - 51 5,475
2014 2,268 1,115 1,160 148 140 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 61 4,892
2011 1,440 754 1,450 150 154 - - - - 16 3,964
2012 2,139 711 1,160 133 161 - - - - 29 4,333
January

2013 1,661 674 1,250 142 138 - - - - 49 3,914


2014 1,604 880 1,160 140 120 36 121 68 - 34 4,163
2015 1,100 1,018 960 142 126 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 25 3,371
2011 2,420 776 1,450 150 161 - - - - 74 5,031
2012 2,384 966 1,450 133 161 - - - - 66 5,160
February

2013 2,147 812 1,450 141 184 - - - - 102 4,836


2014 2,000 1,013 1,350 140 161 60 121 68 - 45 4,958
2015 2,049 977 1,450 141 158 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 77 4,852
Continued.....

126
State of Industry Report 2015

Month
Ghazi Chashma Jinnah Allai Khan Duber Small
Year Tarbela Mangla Warsak Total
Barotha Hydel Hydel Khwar Khwar Khwar Hydels

2011 2,182 714 1,450 150 126 - - - - 54 4,676


2012 1,740 650 1,450 140 133 - - - - 47 4,160
March

2013 1,478 730 1,160 177 161 - - - - 118 3,824


2014 1,879 751 1,160 129 149 67 121 68 130 60 4,514
2015 1,355 803 1,160 140 150 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 73 3,681
2011 1,800 889 1,450 182 184 - - - - 118 4,623
2012 1,148 726 1,450 166 184 - - - - 118 3,792
April

2013 1,605 833 1,450 180 184 - - - - 122 4,374


2014 1,698 1,002 1,450 165 184 70 121 68 130 78 4,966
2015 1,395 1,000 1,350 140 183 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 78 4,146
2011 2,590 1,060 1,450 205 184 - - - - 120 5,609
2012 1,882 750 1,450 190 184 - - - - 116 4,572
May

2013 2,197 947 1,450 196 178 60 121 - - 124 5,273


2014 2,200 1,107 1,450 201 184 67 121 68 128 87 5,613
2015 3,290 1,115 1,450 185 181 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 93 6,314
2011 2,662 1,097 1,450 205 184 - - - - 115 5,713
2012 2,182 850 1,450 190 152 - - - - 120 4,944
June

2013 3364 1,115 1,450 192 160 45 122 - - 126 6,574


2014 2670 1115 1450 175 144 66 121 68 120 89 6,018
2015 3152 1115 1450 185 181 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. 88 6,171
Source: NPCC, Islamabad

11.5 Nuclear Power Plants


Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, interalia, undertakes the projects of nuclear power plants’ development,
operation and maintenance in the country. The 1st Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) of the country, namely Karachi
Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP), was commissioned in 1971 in Karachi through a turn-key agreement. The
total installed capacity of this plant was 137 MW and the useful life of this plant was 30 years. However, after
completion of 30 years life, the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority extended the operational life of this plant,
by another 15 year at reduced capacity. The 2nd NPP of the country, namely the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant
(CHASNUPP-I) was commissioned in year 2000 also through a turnkey agreement by China National Nuclear
Corporation. The 3rd NPP namely Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (CHASNUPP-II) was commissioned on 18th May,
2011. The installed capacity of this plant is 325 MW.

Total installed capacity of NPPs, as on 30th June, 2015, in the country was 787 MW as against the total installed
electricity generation capacity of 24,823 MW, which constitutes a share of NPPs to the total installed generation
capacity as 3.17%. The share of electricity generated through NPPs in the country, during 2014-15, was recorded
as 5,349 GWh (4.90%) as against 4,695 GWh (4.44%) in the preceding year.

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State of Industry Report 2015
TABLE 32
Nuclear Power Statistics
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Installed Capacity (MW)
CHASNUPP-I (connected with PEPCO system) 325 325 325 325 325
CHASNUPP-II (connected with PEPCO system) 325 325 325 325 325
KANUPP (connected with KEL system) 137 137 137 137 137
Total 787 787 787 787 787
% share to the total installed Capacity 3.37 3.35 3.32 3.32 3.17
Total Installed Capacity of the Country 23,342 23,487 23,725 23,728 24,823
Energy Generated (GWh)
CHASNUPP-I (connected with PEPCO system) 2387 2127 2121 2194 2455
CHASNUPP-II (connected with PEPCO system) 543 2286 1519 2208 2541
KANUPP (connected with KEL system) 200 459 541 293 353
Total Nuclear Power Gen. in the Country 3,130 4,872 4,181 4,695 5,349
% share to total electricity generation 3.11 4.91 4.24 4.44 4.90
Total Energy Generated in the Country 100,584 99,295 98,655 105,698 109,059
Source: PSS/NTDC

Figure 32. Nuclear Power vs. Total Electricity Gen. in the Country (GWh)

105,698 109,059
100,584 99,295 98,655
120,000
105,000
90,000
75,000
60,000
45,000
30,000 3,130 4,872 4,181 4,695 5,349

15,000
-
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Total Nuclear Power Gen. in the Country Total Energy Generated in the Country

11.6 Renewable Energy


Pakistan, like other developing countries of the region, is facing a serious challenge of energy deficit. Hence,
Pakistan is working to expand the use of renewable energy to help bridge the gap of energy deficiency in the
country. The country is blessed with natural resources that can be utilized to create electricity.

Renewable resources that are technologically viable and have prospects to be exploited commercially in Pakistan
include wind energy, solar energy, micro-hydel, bio-energy, and emerging technologies like Fuel cell. Pakistan
can benefit from these resources and can supplement existing energy resources as well as can use as primary
energy source when no other option in available. The Coastal Belt of Pakistan is blessed with a wind corridor
that is 60 km wide (Gharo – Kati Bandar) and 180 km long (upto Hyderabad). This corridor has the exploitable
potential of 50,000 MW of electricity generation through wind energy. In addition to that there are other wind

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State of Industry Report 2015

sites available in Coastal Area of Balochistan and some in Northern Areas. Technically the grid can take upto
30-40% of wind energy. Most of the remote villages in the south can be electrified through micro wind turbines.
More than 5,000 villages can be electrified through wind energy in Sindh, Balochistan and Northern Areas.

The Government of Pakistan established the Alternative Energy Development Board in 2003 to create an
environment in the country that is conducive to investment from the private sector in renewable energy.

Besides, AEDB the Irrigation and Power Departments of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are actively involved
in development of small hydel power projects. The Provincial/AJ&K Organizations which are involved in
development of small hydropower projects are as under:

i) Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development Organization (PEDO)


ii) Punjab Power Development Board (PPDB)
iii) Irrigation Power Development Board, Sindh
iv) AJK Hydro Electric Board (AJKHEB) and AJK Private Power Cell
v) Northern Area Public Works Department

The details of the project undertaken by PEDO and PPDB are included in this report. At present, the share of
wind energy in the national grid of the country is non-existent as against a wind power potential of 50,000 MW
in the country.

11.7 Available Power Generation Capacity


Capability of thermal generation units varies due to their age, auxiliary consumption, fuel (gas) availability
and site conditions. The availability of different power plants (technology-wise) against their installed capacity
recorded during 2014-15 has been collected by the NPCC and K-Electric and is reproduced in following table.

TABLE 33
Installed and Available Capacity (MW)
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
 
PEPCO KEL PEPCO KEL PEPCO KEL PEPCO KEL PEPCO KEL
Installed Capacity
Thermal
13,463 2,447 13,097 2,872 13,127 2,814 13,290 2,403 13,715 2,326
(GENCOs+IPPs)
Nuclear 650 137 650 137 650 137 650 137 650 137
Hydel
6,645 - 6,730 - 6,947 - 7,116 - 7,116 -
(WAPDA+IPPs)
Wind - - 1 - 50 - 106 - 254 -
Total 20,758 2,584 20,478 3,009 20,774 2,951 21,162 2,540 21,735 2,463
Available Capacity
Thermal
11,865 1,787 11,151 2,256 11,399 1,862 12,680 1,872 12,845 1,880
(GENCOs+IPPs)
Nuclear 615 84 615 80 615 75 615 75 615 75
Hydel
Depends on Indents
(WAPDA+IPPs)
Wind - - 1 - 50 - 106 254 -
Total 12,480 1,871 11,767 2,336 12,064 1,937 13,401 1,947 13,714 1,955
Available Percentage of Installed Capacity
Thermal
88.13 73.03 85.14 78.55 86.84 66.17 95.41 77.90 93.66 80.83
(GENCOs+IPPs)
Nuclear 94.62 61.31 94.62 58.39 94.62 54.74 94.62 54.74 94.62 54.74
Wind - - 100.00 - 100.00 - 100.00 - 100.00 -
Total 60.12 72.41 57.46 77.63 58.07 65.64 63.33 76.65 63.10 79.37
Source: NPCC/KEL

129
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 34
Ongoing Projects and Expansion Plan of Hydel Power Generation
in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa under E&P Department
Expected Project Cost (Actual/
S. Capacity
Name of Project Commissioning Year Estimated) (Rs. in
No. (MW)
(Actual/Tentative) Million)
Existing on-going Projects:
1 Reshun Hydropower Project, Chitral 4.2 1999 (A) 238 (A)
Malakand-III Hydropower Project,
2 81 2009 (A) 6,379.50 (A)
Dargai
3 Pehur Hydropower Project, Swabi 18 2010 (A) 862 (A)
4 Shishi Hydropower Project, Chitral 1.87 2010 (A) 286.58 (A)
Future up-coming Projects:
1 Daral Hydropower Project, Swat 36.6 2015 (T) 6,958 (E)
2 Ranolia Hydropower Project, Kohistan 17 2015 (T) 4,277 (E)
3 Machai Hydropower Project, Mardan 2.6 2015 (T) 1,198 (E)
Feasibility Study of 3 raw sites in
4 965 2017 (T) 1,237 (E)
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
5 Karora Hydropower Project, Shangla 11 2018 (T) 4,000 (E)
6 Jabori Hydropower Project, Mansehra 10 2018 (T) 3,000 (E)
7 Matiltan Hydropower Project, Swat 84 2019 (T) 22,000 (E)
8 Koto Hydropower Project, Dir 40 2019 (T) 10,000 (E)
9 Lawi Hydropower Project, Chitral 69 2020 (T) 20,308 (E)
Construction of 15 Feasible Sites in
10 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Feasibility Study 2,249 2021-22 (T) 654,000 (E)
of these sites completed in 2014-15.
Abbreviations: (A) Actual, (E) Estimated, (T) Tentative
Source: Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development Organization, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar

11.8 Investment Plan for Power Generation Projects


The investment plan for power generation projects along with other details, for the years to come, as provided
by the NTDC and PPIB are produced in the following tables respectively. Further, the investment plan for power
generation projects under K-Electric has also been kept separate under table.

TABLE 35
Investment Plan for Public Sector Power Generation Projects (as per approved PC-I)
Expected
S. Capacity Estimated Cost
Name of the Project Commissioning
No. (MW) (Million Rupees)
Year
1 Golan Gol Hydropower Project 106 2016 28,202.40
2 Tarbela 4th Extension Hydropower Project 1410 2017 83,601.04
3 Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project 128 2019 27,803.01
4 Dasu Hydropower Project (Stage-I) 2160 2024 486,093.30
Mangla Refurbishment and up-gradation
5 310 2024 52,224.31
Hydropower Project
6 Diamer Basha Dam Land Acquisition Project 834,205.00
4500 2024
7 Diamer Basha Dam Project (Lot 1-5) 101,372.00
Source: NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 36
Investment Plan for Power Generation Projects (KEL) (2015-16 to 2016-17)
Expected Estimated
S.
Name of the Project Capacity (MW) Commissioning Cost
No.
Year (US$ Million)
KEL’s Own Programme
1 LNG Plant (with Engro) (IPP Model)* 375 (Net) 2018 486
2 Coal Conversion (IPP Model)* 370 (Net) 2018 400
3 700 MW Coal Greenfield (IPP Model)* 645 (Net) 2019 1230
Plan to induct IPPs in KEL system
1 SNPC and SNPC Phase-II 100 (Net) June, 2016 120
2 FPCL 52 (Net) March, 2017 114
* Subject to approval of acceptable tariff by NEPRA and other regulatory approvals.
Source: KEL

TABLE 37
Investment Plan for Private Sector Power Generation Projects
Estimated
Gross Achieved/
S. Investments
Name of the Project Capacity Expected Latest Status of the Project
No. (Million
(MW) COD
US$)
A: OIL
NIL
B: PIPELINE QUALITY GAS/DUAL FUEL/LNG
i) Project is based on both pipeline quality
gas and gas from a dedicated gas field.
December, ii) LOS not issued due to the non-
1 Kandra Power Project 120 90
2022 allocation of pipeline quality gas
required for commingling of low BTU
Kandra gas.
C: DEDICATED GAS FIELDS
NIL
D: HYDEL
2 Patrind Hydropower Project 150 362 March, 2017 Project under construction.
3 Gulpur Hydropower Project 102 323 June, 2019 Project under financial closing.
December, Approval of EPC stage tariff by NEPRA
4 Sehra Hydel Project 130 344
2019 is under process.
5 Karot Hydel Project 720 1420 June, 2020 Project under financial closing.
Tariff review under consideration by
6 Azad Patan Hydel Project 640 1145 June, 2020
NEPRA.
Suki Kinari Hydropower September,
7 870 1801 2021
Project under financial closing.
Project
Sponsors have approached Court of
December,
8 Chakothi-Hattian Project 500 983 Law against NEPRA for giving low
2022
tariff. The matter is subjudice.

Lower Palas Valley December, Project under implementation under


9 665 763
Hydropower Project 2022 Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode.

Lower Spat Gah Hydropower December, Project under implementation under


10 496 697
Project 2022 Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

Estimated
Gross Achieved/
S. Investments
Name of the Project Capacity Expected Latest Status of the Project
No. (Million
(MW) COD
US$)

Progress is slow due to Law and Order


December,
11 Madian Hydropower Project 157 438 situation in the vicinity of project area
2022
and its perception internationally.

Progress is slow due to Law and Order


December,
12 Asrit-Kedam Hydel Project 215 406 situation in the vicinity of project area
2022
and its perception internationally.

December, LOI issued on 21st October, 2014.


13 Mahl Hydropower Project 590 885
2023 Feasibility Study is in process.

December, LOS will be issued after fulfillment of


14 Kohala Hydropower Project 1100 2397
2023 pre-requisites by Sponsors.

December, Sponsors are in process of submission


15 Kaigah Hydel Project 548 1565
2024 of feasibility level tariff to NEPRA.

PPIB is in consultation with


December,
16 Rajdhani Hydropower Project 132 198 the Government of AJK for the
2024
development of the project.

Athmuqam Hydropower December, EOI for development of project to be


17 350 525
Project 2024 re-advertised shortly.

Turtonas-Uzghor Hydropower December, Proposals received against EOI are


18 58 87
Project 2024 under evaluation process.

Neckeherdm-Paur December, EOI for development of project to be


19 80 120
Hydropower Project 2025 re-advertised shortly.
E: COAL
Engro Powergen. Project at February,
20 660 957 Project under financial closing.
Thar Block-II, Sindh 2017

Shanghai Electric Power December, Project under issuance of Notice of


21 1320 1914
Project at Thar Block-I, Sindh 2017 Proceed (NTP)/LOI.

Salt Range Power Project by December, Project under tariff determination by


22 330 479
CMEC, China 2017 NEPRA.

HUBCO Imported Coal based December, LOI issued, sponsors are in process to
23 1320 1914
Power Project 2017 approach NEPRA for tariff.

Shandong Imported Coal


24 1320 1914 March, 2018 Project under financial closing.
based Power Project

Port Qasim Power Project by


25 Sinohydro Resources Limited 1320 1914 June, 2018 Project under financial closing.
and Al Mirqab Capital

26 Grange Holding Power Project 163 251 January, 2019 Project under financial closing.
Siddiqsons Imported Coal LOI issued, sponsors have approached
27 350 508 March, 2019
based Power Project NEPRA for tariff.

Lucky Electric Imported Coal October,


28 660 957 Project under financial closing.
based Power Project 2019
Source: Private Power and Infrastructure Board, Islamabad

132
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 38
Detail of Renewable Energy Projects
A: Existing Projects (in-operation and under construction)
S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 FFC Energy Limited 49.50 May, 2013 133.557
2 Zorlu Energy Pakistan Limited 56.40 July, 2013 143.74
Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan (Pvt.)
3 50 November, 2014 130.279
Limited
4 Foundation Wind Energy-II Limited 50 December, 2014 124.907
5 Foundation Wind Energy-I Limited 50 April, 2015 125.899
6 Sapphire Wind Power Company (Pvt.) Limited 49.50 January, 2016 120.00-130.00
7 Metro Power Company (Pvt.) Limited 50 August, 2016 125.236
8 Yunus Energy Limited 50 August, 2016 120.00-130.00
9 Master Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
10 Hydrochina Dawood Power (Pvt.) Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
11 United Energy Pakistan Limited 99 September, 2016 240.00-260.00
12 Tapal Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 30 September, 2016 72.00-78.00
13 Tenega Generasi Limited 49.50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
14 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 September, 2016 120.00-130.00
Solar PV Technology:
15 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 100 July, 2015 151.40
16 Appolo Solar Development Pakistan Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
17 Best Green Energy Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
18 Crest Energy Pakistan Limited 100 December, 2016 151.40
Bagasse/Biomass Technology:
19 JDW Sugar Mills Limited (Unit-II) 26.35 June, 2014
Based on
20 JDW Sugar Mills Limited (Unit-III) 26.35 October, 2014
Upfront Tariff
21 RYK Mills Limited 30 March, 2015

B. Future Projects
S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 Sachal Energy Development (Pvt.) Limited 50 June, 2017 133.918
2 Hawa Holding Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
3 China Sunec Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
4 Jhampir Wind Power (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 120.00-130.00
5 Trident Energy (Pvt.) Limited 10 January, 2018 24.00-26.00
6 Burj Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited 14 April, 2018 33.60-34.40
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
7 50 April, 2018 120.00-130.00
Limited (A)
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
8 50 April, 2018 120.00-130.00
Limited (B)
Tricon Boston Consulting Corporation (Pvt.)
9 50 April, 2018 120.00-130.00
Limited (C)
Continued.....
133
State of Industry Report 2015

S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost


Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
10 Hartford Alternative Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
11 Wind Eagle Limited (1) 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
12 Wind Eagle Limited (2) 50 July, 2018  
13 Western Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 July, 2018 120.00-130.00
14 Zephyr Power (Pvt.) Limited 50 August, 2018 134.099
15 Titan Wind Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2018 24.00-26.00
Solar PV Technology:
16 Zonergy (Pvt.) Limited 600 June, 2016 840.00-900.00
17 Access Electric (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
18 Buksh Solar (Pvt.) Limited 10 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
19 Sanjwal Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 5.04 August, 2016 8.00-9.50
20 Safe Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited 10.28 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
21 Access Solar (Pvt.) Limited 11.52 August, 2016 16.00-19.00
22 Blue Star Hydel (Pvt.) Limited 1 August, 2016 1.562
23 Blue Star Electric (Pvt.) Limited 1 April, 2017 1.562
24 Harappa Solar (Pvt.) Limited 10 June, 2017 14.00-15.00
25 Fauji Foundation 10 August, 2017 14.00-15.00
26 Siddiqsons Energy Limited 50 September, 2017 70.00-75.00
27 Integrated Power Station 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
28 Jafri and Associates 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
29 Solar Blue (Pvt.) Limited 50 December, 2017 75.00-78.00
30 RE Solar (Pvt.) Limited (1) 20 December, 2017 28.00-30.00
31 RE Solar (Pvt.) Limited (2) 20 December, 2017 28.00-30.00
32 Hanergy Global Solar Asia Pacific Limited (1) 50 May, 2018 70.00-75.00
33 Hanergy Global Solar Asia Pacific Limited (2) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
34 Janpur Energy Limited (1) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
35 Janpur Energy Limited (2) 10 May, 2018 14.00-15.00
36 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (1) 5.65 June, 2018 7.00-8.00
37 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (2) 5.65 June, 2018 7.00-8.00
38 Nizam Power (Pvt.) Limited (3) 11.30 June, 2018 16.00-17.00
Sino Pak Energy Development Company (Pvt.)
39 10 June, 2018 14.00-15.00
Limited
40 Ayan Energy (Pvt.) Limited 50 June, 2018 70.00-75.00
41 Total Energies Nouvelles Ventures 100 December, 2018 140.00-150.00
42 AJ Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 December, 2018 14.00-15.00
43 Adamjee Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited 5 December, 2018 7.00-8.00
44 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (1) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
45 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (2) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
46 ET Solar (Pvt.) Limited (3) 25 December, 2018 35.00-38.00
47 Crystal Energy (Pvt.) Limited 2 May, 2019 3.50-4.00
48 ACT Solar (Pvt.) Limited 50 May, 2019 70.00-75.00
49 Asia Petroleum 30 June, 2019 42.00-45.00
50 Forshine (Pakistan) 50 June, 2019 70.00-75.00
Continued.....

134
State of Industry Report 2015

S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost


Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Bagasse /Biomass Technology:
51 Chiniot Power Limited 62.40 2015
52 Hamza Sugar Mill Limited 15 2016
54 Layyah Sugar Mills Limited 41 2016
55 Safina Sugar Mills Limited 20 July, 2016
53 Alliance Sugar Mills Limited 19 2017 Based on
56 Almoiz Industries Limited 36 2017 Upfront Tariff
57 Etihad Power Generation Limited 67 January, 2017
58 Shahtaj Sugar Mills Limited 15 2018
59 Chanar Energy Limited 22 2018
60 RYK Energy Limited 36 2018
Source: Alternative Energy Development Board, Islamabad

C: Proposals of following Projects accepted by AEDB and issuance of LOI:


S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost
Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
Wind Technology:
1 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
2 Metro Power Company Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
3 Electrique (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
4 Shaheen Foundation (PAF) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
5 Emerald Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
6 Aleph Systems (SMC-Pvt.) Limited 100 2019 240.00-260.00
7 Wind Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Power China Huadong Engineering
8 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Corporation Limited
9 Indus Wind Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
10 NASDA Energy (Pvt.) limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
11 Green Power (Pvt.) Limited (1) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
12 Green Power (Pvt.) Limited (2) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
13 Trans Atlantic Energy (Pvt.) Limited (1) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
14 Trans Atlantic Energy (Pvt.) Limited (2) 50 2019 120.00-130.00
15 MepconIncemet Energias Renovables 50 2019 120.00-130.00
16 Master Green Energy Limited 100 2019 240.00-260.00
17 Din Energy Limited 50 2019 120.00-130.00
Solar PV Technology:
18 MST Power (Pvt.) Limited 5 2019 7.00-8.00
19 RT Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 2019 14.00-15.00
20 Ravi Renewable Energy 20 2019 28.00-30.00
21 Gran Solar 20 2019 28.00-30.00
22 First Solar (Pvt.) Limited 2 2017 2.80-3.00
23 Pakistan PV Power 01 (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
24 KSJ International FZE 200 2019 280.00-300.00
25 Sapphire Wind Power Company Limited 40 2019 56.00-60.00
Continued.....
135
State of Industry Report 2015

S. Capacity Expected Estimated Cost


Name of Project
No. (MW) Commissioning year (US$ Million)
26 Gul Ahmed Energy Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
27 Metro Solar Power Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
28 Master Solar Energy Limited 20 2019 28.00-30.00
29 Uch-II Power (Pvt.) Limited 10 2019 14.00-15.00
30 China Han Power Company Limited (1) 50 2019 70.00-75.00
31 China Han Power Company Limited (2) 200 2019 280.00-300.00
32 Liberty Solar (Pvt.) Limited 50 2019 70.00-75.00
33 Adamjee Power Generation 5 2019 7.00-8.00
34 Conergy 20 2019 28.00-30.00
35 Fotwatio Renewable Ventures 50 2019 70.00-75.00
Bagasse/Biomass Technology:
36 Ansari Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
37 Bandhi Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
38 TAY Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited 30 2019
Based on
39 Faran Sugar Mills Limited 25 2019
Upfront Tariff
40 Shakargarj Mills Limited (1) 40 2019
41 Shakarganj Mills Limited (2) 60 2019
42 Indus Sugar Mills Limited 25 2019
Notes: The expected dates for some of the projects as provided by AEDB do not exactly match with the expansion plans
provided by NTDC. For consistency of report the data provided by NTDC has been used in the analysis.

11.9 Economic Load Dispatch System


Based on the net heat rates of power plants, the National Power Control Centre, Islamabad decides the operation
and load dispatch of power plants in the country except the power plants operated by K-Electric. Merit Order
position of power plants in the area of NTDC and K-Electric, during 2014-15 is given in following two tables
separately.

TABLE 39
Merit Order for Power Generation Plants (PEPCO System)
(Based on the revised RFO and HSD prices effective from 16-06-2015) (Rs./kWh)
As on 16th June, 2015 Status in Last
Order
Fuel O&M Specific Year Merit
in Plant Groups Fuel Type
Cost Cost Cost Order
Merit
(16-06-2014)
1 Uch (upto 152.375 GWh) Gas 0.55750 0.23340 0.79090 1
2 Liberty (upto 61.904 GWh) Gas 1.82378 0.31800 2.14178 3
3 Uch (+ 152.375 GWh) Gas 2.33620 0.23340 2.56960 2
4 Uch-II Gas 3.88440 0.14960 4.03400 --
5 Foundation Power Gas 3.77690 0.35570 4.13260 10
6 GTPS Faisalabad 5-9 Gas 4.19570 0.02500 4.22070 12
7 Guddu 11-13 R. Gas 4.16600 0.06890 4.23490 13
8 FKPCL Gas 3.52630 0.73478 4.26108 5
9 Rousch Gas 4.09025 0.20535 4.29560 14
10 Engro Power Gen. Gas 4.05880 0.31390 4.37270 15
11 HCPC Gas 3.97790 0.48712 4.46502 16
12 Lakhra Coal 4.31019 0.19540 4.50559 4
Continued.....
136
State of Industry Report 2015

As on 16th June, 2015 Status in Last


Order
Fuel O&M Specific Year Merit
in Plant Groups Fuel Type
Cost Cost Cost Order
Merit
(16-06-2014)
13 Altern (Phase-II) Gas 3.96579 0.65794 4.62373 18
14 Guddu 5-10 R. Gas 4.62880 0.06890 4.69770 19
15 Davis Energy Gas 4.58152 0.49345 5.07497 21
16 GTPS Kotri 3-7 Gas 4.99800 0.08990 5.08790 22
17 Muzaffargarh 4 Gas 5.22010 0.02500 5.24510 23
18 Muzaffargarh 1-3 Gas 5.26700 0.02500 5.29200 24
19 Guddu 3-4 Gas 5.55440 0.06890 5.62330 25
20 Altern (Phase-I) Gas 5.09564 0.65794 5.75358 26
21 Muzaffargarh 5-6 Gas 5.93570 0.02500 5.96070 27
22 Guddu 1-2 Gas 5.95100 0.06890 6.01990 28
23 Jamshoro 2-4 Gas 5.99140 0.13590 6.12730 29
24 NGPS Multan 1-4 Gas 6.89090 0.02500 6.91590 30
25 SPS Faisalabad 1-2 Gas 7.01470 0.02500 7.03970 31
26 GTPS Faisalabad 1-4 Gas 7.50210 0.02500 7.52710 32
27 Orient Power Gas (RLNG) 8.22630 0.20340 8.42970 6
28 Sapphire Electric Gas (RLNG) 8.22640 0.34220 8.56860 7
29 Saif Power Gas (RLNG) 8.22660 0.34600 8.57260 8
30 Halmore Power Gas (RLNG) 8.22680 0.34760 8.57440 9
31 Muzaffargarh 4 Mix (**) 8.81395 0.02500 8.83895 34
32 Muzaffargarh 1-3 Mix (**) 8.89325 0.02500 8.91825 36
33 KAPCO-I Gas (RLNG) 8.85219 0.25854 9.11073 11
34 Guddu 3-4 Mix (**) 9.35555 0.06890 9.42445 37
35 Liberty (+ 61.904 GWh) Gas 9.11888 0.31800 9.43688 33
36 Attock Gen. RFO 8.56070 0.88420 9.44490 42
37 KAPCO-I RFO 9.15710 0.44846 9.60556 40
38 Engro Power Gen. Mix (***) 9.64480 0.31720 9.96200 38
39 KAPCO-II Gas (RLNG) 9.70937 0.30241 10.01178 17
40 Jamshoro 2-4 Mix (**) 9.88310 0.13590 10.01900 39
41 Muzaffargarh 5-6 Mix (**) 10.02245 0.02500 10.04745 41
42 Nishat Power RFO 9.27030 0.87000 10.14030 45
43 GTPS Kotri 1-2 Gas 10.15620 0.08990 10.24610 35
44 Nishat Chunian RFO 9.46180 0.86790 10.32970 44
45 Liberty Power Tech. RFO 9.39460 0.96960 10.36420 43
46 Atlas Power RFO 9.49720 0.87000 10.36720 46
47 KEL RFO 9.94788 0.57397 10.52185 48
48 KAPCO-III Gas (RLNG) 10.04191 0.58291 10.62482 20
49 KAPCO-II RFO 10.05007 0.63127 10.68134 49
50 Japan Power RFO 10.16165 0.54821 10.70986 50
51 HUBCO Narowal RFO 9.96520 0.82570 10.79090 47
52 HUBCO RFO 10.71459 0.18264 10.89723 52
53 SEPCOL RFO 10.07020 0.90242 10.97262 51
Continued.....

137
State of Industry Report 2015

As on 16th June, 2015 Status in Last


Order
Fuel O&M Specific Year Merit
in Plant Groups Fuel Type
Cost Cost Cost Order
Merit
(16-06-2014)
54 Saba Power RFO 10.96195 0.16184 11.12379 55
55 Lal Pir Power RFO 10.97112 0.16441 11.13553 53
56 Pak Gen. Power RFO 10.97112 0.16441 11.13553 54
57 NGPS Multan 1-4 Mix (**) 11.97715 0.02500 12.00215 56
58 Jamshoro 1 RFO 11.96140 0.13590 12.09730 58
59 SPS Faisalabad 1-2 Mix (**) 12.11960 0.02500 12.14460 57
60 Muzaffargarh 4 RFO 12.40780 0.02500 12.43280 59
61 Muzaffargarh 1-3 RFO 12.51950 0.02500 12.54450 60
62 Guddu 3-4 RFO 13.15670 0.06890 13.22560 61
63 Jamshoro 2-4 RFO 13.77480 0.13590 13.91070 67
64 Muzaffargarh 5-6 RFO 14.10920 0.02500 14.13420 68
65 KAPCO-I HSD 14.28386 0.25997 14.54383 63
66 Orient Power HSD 14.22630 0.33350 14.55980 62
67 Sapphire Electric HSD 14.13190 0.49390 14.62580 64
68 Halmore Power HSD 14.14730 0.50180 14.64910 65
69 Saif Power HSD 14.32970 0.49950 14.82920 66
70 Engro Power Gen. HSD 15.23080 0.32050 15.55130 69
71 KAPCO-II HSD 15.67671 0.34952 16.02623 70
72 GTPS Faisalabad 5-9 HSD 16.75240 0.02500 16.77740 71
73 NGPS Multan 1-4 RFO 17.06340 0.02500 17.08840 73
74 KAPCO-III HSD 16.21305 0.88264 17.09569 72
75 SPS Faisalabad 1-2 RFO 17.22450 0.02500 17.24950 74
76 GTPS Kotri 3-7 HSD 19.63910 0.08990 19.72900 75
77 NGPS Multan 1-4 HSD 29.95310 0.02500 29.97810 76
78 GTPS Kotri 1-2 HSD 39.90720 0.08990 39.99710 77
(**) 50% FO and 50% Gas (***) 50% HSD and 50% Gas
Source: National Power Control Centre, Islamabad

TABLE 40
Merit Order for Power Generation Plants (K-Electric System)
(Based on the Present Net Heat Rate at 100% Plant Factor) (Rs./kWh)
As on 31st December, As on 31st March,
As on 30th June, 2015
S. Plant Fuel 2014 2015
No. Groups Type Fuel O&M Total Fuel O&M Total Fuel O&M Total
Cost Cost Cost Cost Cost Cost Cost Cost Cost
1 BQPS-II Gas 8,230 1,336 9,566 11,315 1,905 13,220 15,252 2,587 17,839
Korangi
2 Gas 1,874 762 2,636 2,381 1,051 3,432 3,683 1,430 5,113
CCPP
3 SGTPS-II Gas 556 244 800 582 362 944 746 497 1,243
4 KTGTPS-II Gas 1,194 335 1,529 1,418 526 1,944 2,016 781 2,797
5 BQPS-I Gas 4,890 6,268 9,061
1,785 23,209 2,780 28,488 3,700 41,954
6 BQPS-I HFO 16,534 19,440 29,193
Note: The plant on dual fuel will occur at three places; firstly all on Gas, secondly on Mix Fuel (average 50:50 ratio of Gas and FO) and thirdly on FO.
Source: KEL

138
State of Industry Report 2015

11.10 Generation Licenses Granted


In Pakistan, the generation of electric power for the purpose of sale, is a licensed activity. NEPRA grants generation
licence to different power producing companies who wish to sale their electric power to national grid or to sale
their electric power production to bulk power consumers. However, there is no need of generation licence for
those electric power producers which produce electricity for their self use. The details of up-to-date granted
Licenses are given in following tables.

TABLE 41-A
List of Generation Licensees (Hydel + Nuclear)
S. Installed
Name of Company and Location Fuel Type
No. Capacity (MW)
Hydel (Technology: Hydel)
WAPDA Hydro Electric Power Company (Tarbela, Storage Water / Run of
1 17359.96
Mangla, Warsak, Ghazi Barotha, Chashma etc.) River / Canal
Malakand-III, Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development
2 Organization (PEDO), Malakand Agency, Khyber 83.70 Run of River/Canal
Pakhtunkhwa
Blue Star Energy (Pvt.) Limited, District Mardan, Khyber
3 3.021 Run of River/Canal
Pakhtunkhwa
SK Hydro (Pvt.) Limited, District Manshera, Khyber
4 840.00 Run of River
Pakhtunkhwa
Canal Fall/
5 Olympus Energy (Pvt.) Limited, District Gujrat, Punjab 20.0016
Run of River
Pehur Hydropower Plant, PEDO, District Swabi, Khyber Canal Fall/
6 18.00
Pakhtunkhwa Run of River
Punjnad Hydropower (Pvt.) Limited, District
7 15.00 Run of River
Muzaffargarh, Punjab
8 Rasul Hydropower (Pvt.) Limited, District Jhelum, Punjab 20.0016 Run of River
9 Olympia Hydropower Limited, District Kasur, Punjab 12.60 Run of Canal
10 Alka Power Private Limited, District Hafizabad, Punjab 1.80 Canal Fall
11 Alka Power Private Limited, District Sahiwal, Punjab 3.30 Canal Fall
12 Chenab Energy (Pvt.) Limited, District Sahiwal, Punjab 4.80 Run/Fall of Canal
Frontier Mega Structure and Power (Pvt.) Limited,
13 2.40 Run of River
District Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
SAR Energy (Pvt.) Limited, District Mardan, Khyber
14 1.30 Run of Canal
Pakhtunkhwa
Reshun Hydropower Plant, PEDO, Reshun Gol, District Canal Fall/
15 4.20
Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Run of River
Shishi Hydropower Plant, PEDO, Drosh, District Chitral, Canal Fall/
16 1.875
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Run of River
Machai Hydropower Plant, PEDO, Machai Canal near Low Head
17 2.60
Village Alo, District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Canal Fall
Ranolia Hydropower Plant, PEDO, Ranolia Khwar, District
18 17.00 Run of River
Kohistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Karot Power Company (Pvt.) Limited, Village Karot,
19 732.00 Run of River
District Rawalpindi, Punjab
20 New Park Energy Limited, District Okara, Punjab 9.00 Canal Fall
Continued.....

139
State of Industry Report 2015

S. Installed
Name of Company and Location Fuel Type
No. Capacity (MW)
Karimi Energy (Pvt.) Limited, District Haripur, Khyber
21 3.60 Canal Fall/Run of River
Pakhtunkhwa
Muntaha Power (Pvt.) Limited, District Muzaffargarh, Canal Fall/
22 2.60
Punjab Run of River
Marala Hydropower Project, Punjab Power Development Canal Fall/
23 8.088
Company Limited (PPDCL), District Sialkot, Punjab Run of River
Pakpattan Hydropower Project, PPDCL, District Canal Fall/
24 3.01
Pakpattan, Punjab Run of River
Deg-Outfall Hydropower Project, PPDCL, District Low Head
25 4.268
Sheikhpura, Punjab Canal Fall
Chianwali Hydropower Project, PPDCL, District Low Head
26 5.674
Gujranwala, Punjab Canal Fall
Nuclear (Technology: Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor)
Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (Unit-1),
1 325.00 Uranium
Chashma Barrage, District Mianwali, Punjab
2 Karachi Nuclear Power Plant, District Karachi, Sindh 137.00 Uranium
Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (Unit-2),
3 325.00 Uranium
Chashma Barrage, District Mianwali, Punjab
Note: Shaded area indicate licenses issued in 2014-15.
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

TABLE 41-B
List of Generation Licensees (Wind + Solar + Bagasse/Biomass)
Installed
S. No. Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type Technology
(MW)
Wind Power Projects under Renewable Energy Policy 2006
1 New Park Energy Limited, Mirpur Sakro, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
2 Foundation Wind Energy-II (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 50.00 Wind Wind Turbine
3 Milergo Pakistan Limited, Thatta, Sindh 250.00 Wind Wind Turbine
4 Tenaga Generasi Limited, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
5 HydroChina Dawood Power (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
6 Zorlu Enerji Pakistan Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 56.40 Wind Wind Turbine
7 SUNEC Wind Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited, Chakwal, Punjab 2.40 Wind Wind Turbine
8 Arabian Sea Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
9 FFC Energy Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
Three Gorges First Wind Firm Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta,
10 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
Sindh
11 Foundation Wind Energy-I Limited, Thatta, Sindh 50.00 Wind Wind Turbine
12 Gul Ahmed Wind Power Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 50.00 Wind Wind Turbine
13 Metro Power Company Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 50.00 Wind Wind Turbine
14 Master Wind Energy Limited, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
15 Yunus Energy Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 50.00 Wind Wind Turbine
16 Zephyr Power (Pvt.) Limited, Mirpur Sakro, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
17 Sapphire Wind Power Company Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
Pakistan Wind Energy Generation (Pvt.) Limited, Jhampir, Thatta,
18 4.80 Wind Wind Turbine
Sindh
Sachal Energy Development (Pvt.) Limited, Jhampir, Thatta,
19 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
Sindh
Continued.....
140
State of Industry Report 2015

Installed
S. No. Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type Technology
(MW)
20 Finergy (Pvt.) Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 49.60 Wind Wind Turbine
21 UEP Wind Power (Pvt.) Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 99.00 Wind Wind Turbine
22 Tapal Wind Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Jhampir, Thatta, Sindh 30.00 Wind Wind Turbine
23 Hawa Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Nooriabad, Thatta, Sindh 49.60 Wind Wind Turbine
24 NBT Wind Power Pakistan-II (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 249.60 Wind Wind Turbine
25 NBT Wind Power Pakistan-III (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 250.00 Wind Wind Turbine
26 Jhimpir Power (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 49.60 Wind Wind Turbine
27 Titan Energy Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited, Nooriabad, Thatta, Sindh 9.00 Wind Wind Turbine
28 China Sunec Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Nooriabad, Thatta, Sindh 49.50 Wind Wind Turbine
Solar Power Projects under Renewable Energy Policy 2006
DACC Power Generation Company (Pvt.) Limited, Bhawalpur,
1 50.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
Punjab
2 Sanjwal Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited, Sanjwal, Attock, Punjab 5.04 P.V Cell P.V Cell
3 Access Solar (Pvt.) Limited, Hattar, Punjab 11.52 P.V Cell P.V Cell
4 Buksh Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Bahawalnagar, Punjab 11.664 P.V Cell P.V Cell
5 Access Electric (Pvt.) Limited, Jehlum, Punjab 10.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
6 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited, Bahawalpur, Punjab 100.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
7 Safe Solar Power (Pvt.) Limited, Bahawalpur, Punjab 10.2816 P.V Cell P.V Cell
8 Roshan Power (Pvt.) Limited, Kasur, Punjab 11.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
9 First Solar (Pvt.) Limited, Chakwal, Punjab 2.0166 P.V Cell P.V Cell
10 Blue Star Hydel (Pvt.) Limited, Jhelum, Punjab 1.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
11 Blue Star Electric (Pvt.) Limited, Jhelum, Punjab 1.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
12 Ramzan Energy Limited, Chiniot, Punjab 1.52 P.V Cell P.V Cell
13 Crest Energy Pakistan Limited, Bahawalpur, Punjab 100.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
Appolo Solar Development Pakistan Limited, Bahawalpur,
14 100.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
Punjab
15 Best Green Energy Pakistan Limited, Bahawalpur, Punjab 100.00 P.V Cell P.V Cell
Bagasse/Biomass Power Projects under Renewable Energy Policy 2006
1 SSJD Bioenergy Limited, Mirpur Khas, Sindh 12.00 Bagasse Bagasse
2 Lumen Energia (Pvt.) Limited, Jhang, Punjab 12.00 Biomass Steam Turbine
3 Shakarganj Mills Limited-II, Jhang, Punjab 12.00 Bagasse +FO Steam Turbine
4 Pak Ethanol (Pvt.) Limited, Tando Muhammad Khan, Sindh 9.132 Biogas Gas Engine
Bagasse
5 JDW Sugar Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 26.35 Steam Turbine
+Biomass
Bagasse
6 JDW Sugar Mills Limited, Ghotki, Sindh 26.35 Steam Turbine
+Biomass
7 Chiniot Power Limited, Chiniot, Punjab 62.40 Bagasse Steam Turbine
8 RYK Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 30.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
9 Hamza Sugar Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 15.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
10 Alliance Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Ghotki, Sindh 30.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
Ansari Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited, Tando Muhammad
11 30.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
Khan, Sindh
12 TAY Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited, Tando Allayar, Sindh 30.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
Bandhi Powergen Company (Pvt.) Limited, Shaheed
13 30.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
Benazirabad, Sindh
14 Etihad Power Generation Limited, RYK, Punjab 74.40 Bagasse Steam Turbine
15 The Thal Industries Corporation Limited, Chiniot, Punjab 20.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
16 The Thal Industries Corporation Limited, Layyah, Punjab 41.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
17 Almoiz Industries Limited, Mianwali, Punjab 36.00 Bagasse Steam Turbine
Note: Shaded area indicate licenses issued in 2014-15.
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

141
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 41-C
List of Generation Licensees (SPPs, CPPs, IGCs, N-CPPs, DGPs, STIPPs and other IPPs)
Installed Technology-wise
S. Capacity (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No.
(MW)
Technology Capacity
Small Power Producers (SPPs)
ICI Pakistan PowerGen Limited, Sheikhupura,
1 14.00 HFO DE 14.00
Punjab
Sapphire Power Generation Limited,
2 56.80 HFO+Gas DE+GE 52.20+4.60
Sheikhupura, Punjab
3 Crescent Powertec Limited, Shahkot, Punjab 10.60 HFO DE 10.60
Ellcot Spinning Mills Limited, Kotri (Sindh),
4 21.96 HFO+ HSD DE 13.80+8.16
Kasur and Sheikhupura (Punjab)
Mahmood Textile Mills Limited, Muzaffargarh,
5 15.05 FO+Gas DE+GE 9.20+5.85
Punjab
Gulistan Power Generation Limited, HSD+HFO 11.82+4.68
6 20.945 DE+GE
Sheikhupura, Kasur (Punjab) & Kotri (Sindh) +Gas +4.45

17.88+5.85
7 Kohinoor Mills Limited, Kasur, Punjab 31.23 HSD+HFO+Gas DE+GE
+7.50
Monnoo Energy Limited, Monnoopur,
8 4.60 HFO DE 4.60
Sheikhupura, Punjab
DS Power Limited, Bhikki, Sheikhupura,
9 1.98 HFO DE 1.98
Punjab
10 Sitara Energy Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab 87.82 HFO+Gas DE+GE 51.62+36.20
Bhanero Energy Limited, Kotri and
11 37.33 HFO+Gas DE+GE 3.635+33.695
Sheikhupura
Quetta Textile Mills Limited, Kotri (Sindh) &
12 30.806 HFO+Gas DE+GE 8.1+22.706
Bhai Pheru (Punjab)
13 Ideal Energy Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab 11.82 HFO DE 11.82
Genertech Pakistan Limited, Bhai Pheru,
14 27.52 HFO DE 27.52
Punjab
Kohinoor Power Company Limited, Faisalabad
15 15.24 HFO DE 10.16+5.08
& Kasur, Punjab
16 Ghazi Power Limited, Lahore, Punjab 20.82 HFO DE 20.82
Crescent Bahuman Limited, Hafizabad,
17 23.03 HFO+ HSD +Gas DE 23.03
Punjab
18 Zeeshan Energy Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab 6.90 HFO DE 6.90

19 Ibrahim Fibers Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab 58.30 HFO+ HSD +Gas RE 58.30

Captive Power Producers (CPPs)


1 Shakarganj Mills Limited, Jhang, Punjab 8.512 Biogas GT 8.512
Prosperity Weaving Mills Limited,
2 6.90 HFO DE 6.90
Sheikhupura, Punjab
Almoiz Industries Limited, Dera Ismail Khan,
3 43.60 Bagasse +FO ST 43.60
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
4 Roomi Fabrics Limited, Multan, Punjab 15.87 Gas GE 15.87
5 Din Textile Mills Limited, Kasur, Punjab 9.68 HSD+ FO+Gas DE+GE +ST 5.18+4.50
6 Pakistan Steel Mills Limited, Karachi, Sindh 165.00 Gas ST 165.00
7 Nishat Mills Limited, Bhikki, Punjab 128.241 HSD+ FO+Gas DE+GE +ST 128.241
8 Indus Sugar Mills Limited, Rajanpur, Punjab 11.00 Bagasse +FO ST 11.00
Continued.....
142
State of Industry Report 2015

Installed Technology-wise
S. Capacity (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No.
(MW) Technology Capacity
9 Colony Mills Limited, Multan, Punjab 36.132 Gas GE 36.132
10 Colony Mills Limited, Multan, Punjab 28.00 Bagasse +FO ST 28.00
11 Mekotex (Pvt.) Limited, Kotri, Dadu, Sindh 5.01 Gas GE 5.01
12 Brothers Sugar Mills Limited, Kasur, Punjab 13.00 Bagasse +FO ST 13.00
Al-Noor Sugar Mills Limited, Shaheed
13 36.80 Bagasse +FO ST 36.80
Benazirabad, Sindh
SUNEC Wind Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited,
14 0.05 Wind WT 0.05
Chakwal, Punjab
Shadman Cotton Mills Limited, Nankana,
15 9.25 Gas+ Diesel GE+DE 4.65+4.6
Punjab
Agar Textiles Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Jamshoro,
16 16.185 Gas GE 16.185
Sindh
17 RYK Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 18.00 Bagasse +FO ST 18.00
Sheikhoo Sugar Mills Limited, Muzaffargarh,
18 18.00 Bagasse +FO ST 12.00
Punjab
Hi-Tech Pipe & Engineering Industries,
19 3.78 Gas GE 3.78
Jamshoro, Sindh
Ashraf Sugar Mills Limited, Bahawalpur,
20 24.50 Bagasse +FO ST 24.50
Punjab
21 Al-Abbas Sugar Mills Limited, Thatta, Sindh 15.00 Imported Coal ST 15.00
The Thal Industries Corporation Limited,
22 30.70 Bagasse +FO ST 30.70
Layyah, Punjab
23 International Steel Limited, Karachi, Sindh 19.316 Gas GE+ST 18.066 +1.250
International Industries Limited, Karachi,
24 4.38 Gas GE 4.38
Sindh
Hamza Sugar Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan,
25 23.60 Bagasse +FO ST 23.60
Sindh
26 Tuwairqi Steel Mills Limited, Karachi, Sindh 38.948 Gas GT+ST 26.948+12.00
Eithad Sugar Mills Limited, Rahim Yar Khan,
27 22.00 Bagasse +FO ST 22.00
Punjab
Deharki Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Ghotki,
28 18.00 Bagasse +FO ST 18.00
Sindh
Tando Allayar Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Tano
29 12.00 Bagasse +FO ST 12.00
Allahyar, Sindh
Pakistan Engineering Council, Islamabad,
30 0.356 P.V Cell P.V Cell 0.356
Federal Capital Territory
31 Ittefaq Sugar Mills Limited, Pakpattan, Punjab 11.00 Bagasse +FO ST 11.00
32 Digri Sugar Mills Limited, Mirpur Khan, Sindh 6.00 Bagasse +FO ST 6.00
33 Salim Yarn Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Kotri, Sindh 2.70 Gas ST 2.70
Engro Powergen. Qadirpur Limited, Ghotki,
34 0.36 Solar Power P.V Cell 0.36
Sindh
35 Fatima Sugar Mills Limited, Kot Addu, Punjab 120.00 Bagasse +FO ST 120.00
Bandhi Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Shaheed
36 12.00 Bagasse +FO ST 12.00
Benazirabad, Sindh
Kamalia Sugar Mills Limited, Toba Tek Singh,
37 17.00 Bagasse +FO ST 17.00
Punjab
Gadoon Textile Mills Limited, Swabi, Khyber
38 56.47 HFO+ Gas RE 56.47
Pakhtunkhwa
39 Ramzan Sugar Mills Limited, Chiniot, Punjab 12.00 Bagasse +FO ST 12.00
40 Lotte Powergen (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Sindh 48.10 Gas ST 48.10
41 Noon Sugar Mills Limited, Sargodha, Punjab 14.80 Bagasse ST 14.80
Continued.....
143
State of Industry Report 2015

Installed Technology-wise
S. Capacity (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No.
(MW) Technology Capacity
Bahria Town Electric Supply Company (Pvt.)
42 10.00 Coal Water Slurry DE 10.00
Limited, Rawalpindi, Punjab
43 Fatima Energy Limited, Muzaffargarh, Punjab 120.00 Bagasse +Biomass ST 120.00
Faran Sugar Mills Limited, Tando Muhammad
44 13.00 Biomass+FO ST 13.00
Khan, Sindh
Chambar Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Tando
45 5.00 Bagasse +FO ST 5.00
Allahyar, Sindh
Fimcotex Industries (Pvt.) Limited, Jamshoro,
46 35.538 Gas GE+ST 32.838+2.70
Sindh
Thal Industries Corporation Limited
47 (for Safina Sugar Mills Limited - Plant I), 11.00 Bagasse ST 11.00
Chiniot, Punjab
Ranipur Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Khairpur,
48 25.50 Bagasse ST 25.50
Sindh
49 Unicol Limited, Mirpur Khas, Sindh 6.60 Bagasse ST 6.60
Waste Heat Recovery
Lucky Cement Limited, Lakki Marwat, Khyber Steam
50 16.00 Based Thermal Power 16.00
Pakhtunkhwa Station Generators
Alliance Sugar Mills (Pvt.) Limited, Ghotki,
51 13.50 Bagasse ST 13.50
Sindh
Habib Sugar Mills Limited, Benazirabad,
52 13.50 Bagasse ST 13.50
Sindh
Mehran Sugar Mills Limited, Tando Allahyar,
53 14.06 Bagasse ST 14.06
Sindh
54 Shahmurad Sugar Mills Limited, Thatta, Sindh 15.25 Bagasse ST 15.25
55 Sanghar Sugar Mills Limited, Sanghar, Sindh 13.50 Bagasse ST 13.50
Mirpurkhas Sugar Mills Limited, Mirpurkhas,
56 8.50 Bagasse ST 8.50
Sindh
Isolated Generation Companies (IGCs)
Engro Polymer and Chemicals Limited,
1 79.02 HSD+ Gas GT 5.20
Karachi, Sindh
Olympia Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited,
2 5.88 Gas GE 5.88
Karachi, Sindh
3 Lucky Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Sindh 46.57 Gas GE 46.57
Nadeem Power Generation Limited, Karachi,
4 2.805 Gas GE 2.805
Sindh
Shakarganj Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Jhang,
5 31.50 Bagasse+FO ST 31.50
Punjab
Asia Generation (Pvt.) Limited, SITE & Kemari
6 11.10 Gas GE 11.10
Town, Karachi
Innovative Energy Solutions Limited, Karachi,
7 8.031 Gas GE 8.031
Sindh
8 Aquagen (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Sindh 7.357 Gas GE 7.357
Port Qasim Electric Power Company (Pvt.)
9 1320.00 Imported Coal ST 2x660.00
Limited, Karachi, Sindh
New Captive Power Plants (N-CPPs)
1 Dadu Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Dadu, Sindh 49.448 Gas GE+ST 46.648+2.80
Omni Power (Pvt.) Limited, Tando Muhammad
2 14.128 Gas GE+ST 13.328+0.80
Khan, Sindh
Shikarpur Power (Pvt.) Limited Shikarpur,
3 17.66 Gas GE+ST 16.66+1.00
Sindh
4 Naudero Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Larkana, Sindh 17.66 Gas GE+ST 16.66+2.00
5 Anoud Textile Mills Limited, Jamshoro, Sindh 11.70 Gas GE 11.70

Continued.....
144
State of Industry Report 2015

Installed Technology-wise
S. Capacity (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No.
(MW) Technology Capacity
6 Lucky Cement Limited, Karachi, Sindh 29.73 Gas GE 29.73
7 Galaxy Textile Mills Limited, Jhang, Punjab 13.396 Gas GE 13.396
8 Thatta Power (Pvt.) Limited, Thatta, Sindh 45.984 Gas GE+ST 39.984+6.00
Hi-Tech Pipe & Engineering Industries,
9 15.00 Gas GT 12.00+3.00
Jamshoro, Sindh
Distributed Generation Plants (DGPs)
Anoud Power Generation Limited, Karachi,
1 30.95 FO+Gas DG+GE 23.84+7.11
Sindh
2 FFBL Power Company Limited, Karachi, Sindh 118.00 Coal+Gas ST 118.00
Short-Term Independent Power Producers (STIPPs)
Gulf Powergen (Pvt.) Limited, Gujranwala,
1 83.84 RFO RE 83.84
Punjab
Reshma Power Generation (Pvt.) Limited,
2 96.96 RFO RE 96.96
Kasur, Punjab
Other IPPs
1 K-Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Sindh 421.90 Imported Coal ST 2x210.95
GE = Gas Engines FO = Furnace Oil
DE = Diesel Engines RE = Reciprocating Engines
ST = Steam Turbines GT = Gas Turbines
WT = Wind Turbines CB = Conventional Boiler
Note: Shaded area indicate licenses issued in 2014-15.
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

TABLE 41-D
List of Public and Private Sector Power Generation Licensees
Installed
S. Date of Licence
Company Capacity Fuel Type Technology
No. (Issued+Valid Until)
(MW)
Generation Licence Granted to Public Sector Companies
Jamshoro Power Generation Issued 01-07-2002 Gas+RFO
1 2344.00* GTs+STs
Company Limited (GENCO-I) Valid until 30-06-2021 +Coal
Central Power Generation Company Issued 01-07-2002
2 2431.70** Gas+RFO GTs+STs
Limited (GENCO-II) Valid until 30-06-2017
Northern Power Generation Issued 01-07-2002
3 1726.00*** Gas+RFO GTs+STs
Company Limited (GENCO-III) Valid until 30-06-2027
Lakhra Power Generation Company Issued 18-02-2005 Coal+RFO
4 150.00 STs
Limited (GENCO-IV) Valid until 17-02-2020 +DO
Generation Licence Granted to Private Sector Companies
Issued 18-11-2002
1 K-Electric Limited (KEL) 2359.00 Gas+RFO GTs+STs
Valid until 17-11-2027
*Include 2x660 MW Coal Power Project under implementation.
**Include 747 MW of CCPP at TPS Guddu.
***NGPS Multan Power Plant has been excluded on expiry of its useful life.
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

145
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 41-E
List of Generation Licensees (IPPs under Power Policy 1994)
Installed Technology-wise Capacity
S. (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No.
(MW) Technology Capacity
Fauji Kabirwala Power Company Limited,
1* 170 Gas GT+ST 96+74
Khanewal, Punjab
2* TNB Liberty Power Limited, Daharki, Sindh 235 Gas GT+ST 156+79
Habibullah Coastal Power Company (Pvt.)
3* 140 Gas GT+ST 111+29
Limited, Sheikh Manda, Balochistan
Uch Power Limited, Murad Jamali,
4* 586 Gas GT+ST 390+196
Naseerabad, Balochistan
Rousch (Pakistan) Power Limited, Sidhnai,
5* 450 Gas GT+ST 304+146
Khanewal, Punjab
6 Altern Energy Limited, Fateh Jang, Punjab 14 Gas GE 14
7* Kohinoor Energy Limited, Raiwind, Punjab 131 FO DE+ST 125+6
Lal Pir Power (Pvt.) Limited, Mehmood Kot,
8 362 FO ST 362
Muzaffargarh, Punjab
Pak Gen. Power (Pvt.) Limited, Mehmood
9 365 FO ST 365
Kot, Muzaffargarh, Punjab
Saba Power Company Limited,
10 136 FO ST 136
Farooqabad, Sheikhupura, Punjab
The Hub Power Company Limited, Hub,
11 1292 FO ST 1292
Lasbela, Balochistan**
Southern Electric Power, Raiwind, Lahore,
12 117 RFO DE 117
Punjab
13 Japan Power Generation, Raiwind, Punjab 135.6 RFO DE 135.6
Gul Ahmed Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi,
14 136.17 RFO DE 136.17
Sindh
15 Tapal Energy (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Sindh 126 RFO DE 126
Kot Addu Power Company, Kot Addu, Gas+FO
16* 1600 GT+ST 1021+579
Muzaffargarh, Punjab** +HSD
17 Davis Energen (Pvt.) Limited, Jhang, Punjab 12.16 Gas GE 12.16
* Combined Cycle technology is being used in these plants.
** Prior to 1994 Power Policy
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

146
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 41-F
List of Generation Licensees (IPPs under Power Policy 2002)
Installed Technology-wise Capacity
S. (MW)
Name of Company and Location Capacity Fuel Type
No. (MW) Technology Capacity
1 DHA Cogen Limited, Karachi, Sindh 94.00 Gas GT+ST 67+27
2 Star Power Generation Limited, Daharki, Sindh 133.515 Gas GT+ST 88.244+45.271
Orient Power Company (Pvt.) Limited, Balloki,
3 225.00 Gas GT+ST 151+74
Punjab
4 Saif Power Limited, Sahiwal, Punjab 225.00 Gas+HSD GT+ST 152+73
Sapphire Electric Power Company Limited,
5 235.00 Gas+HSD GT+ST 152+83
Sheikhupura, Punjab
6 Attock Gen Limited, Rawalpindi, Punjab 165.285 FO+HSD DG+ST 153.275+12.01
Halmore Power Generation Company (Pvt.)
7 225.00 Gas+HSD GT+ST 150+75
Limited, Bhikki, Punjab
Foundation Power Company (Daharki) Limited,
8 179.05 Gas+HSD GT+ST 114.9+64.15
Daharki, Sindh

9 Atlas Power (Pvt.) Limited, Sheikhupura, Punjab 224.35 RFO+LDO RE+ST 207.9+16.45

10 Gujranwala Energy Limited, Gujranwala, Punjab 201.451 HSFO+HSD RE+ST 187.836+13.615


11 Eastern Power Company Limited, Pasroor, Punjab 152.475 FO+HSD RE+ST 143.975+8.5
Engro Power Gen. Qadirpur Limited, Qadirpur,
12 226.52 Gas+HSD GT+ST 127+100
Sindh
13 Nishat Chunian Power Limited, Kasur, Punjab 202.179 RFO+HSD RE+ST 187.836+14.343
14 Nishat Power Limited, Kasur, Punjab 202.179 RFO+HSD RE+ST 187.836+14.343
Intergen (Pvt.) Limited, Lachi, Kohat, Khyber
15 165.285 HSFO+HSD RE+ST 153.684+11.60
Pakhtunkhwa
The Hub Power Company Limited (Narowal
16 224.79 RFO+LDO RE+ST 207.9+16.89
Project), Narowal, Punjab
17 Green Electric (Pvt.) Limited, Dadu, Sindh 188.00 Gas+HSD GT+ST 126+62
18 Liberty Power Tech Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab 202.179 RFO+HSD RE+ST 187.836+14.343
19 Grange Power Limited, Pakpattan, Punjab 163.353 Gas GT+ST 109+54.353
20 First Tri-Star Modaraba, Karachi, Sindh 110.00 Gas+HSD GT+ST 80+30
Uch-II Power (Pvt.) Limited, Naseerabad,
21 404.00 Gas GT+ST 267.54+136.46
Balochistan
Radian Energy Power Generation Company (Pvt.)
22 164.368 RFO+LFO RE+ST 153.684+10.684
Limited, Faisalabad, Punjab
Engro Powergen Thar (Pvt.) Limited, Tharparker, Indigenous
23 660.00 ST+CB 2x330
Sindh Coal
Indigenous
24 CMEC Power (Pvt.) Limited, Jhelum Punjab 330.00 ST+CB 330.00
Coal
Huaneng Shandong Ruyi (Pakistan) Energy (Pvt.) Imported
25 1320.00 ST+CB 1320.00
Limited, Sahiwal, Punjab Coal
Note: Shaded area indicate licenses issued in 2014-15.
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

147
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 41-G
List of Transmission and Distribution Licensees
Date of
S. Number of Consumers Licence Valid
Company Licence
No. (as on 30th June, 2015) Until
Issued
Transmission Licence Granted to Public Companies
National Transmission and Dispatch
1 --- 31-12-2002 30-12-2032
Company Limited
Transmission Licence Granted to Private Companies
1 K-Electric Limited --- 11-06-2010 10-06-2030
Distribution Licence Granted to Public Sector Companies
Peshawar Electric Supply Company
1 2,956,567 30-04-2002 29-04-2022
Limited
Tribal Areas Electricity Supply Company
2 441,562 12-08-2013 11-08-2033
Limited
Islamabad Electric Supply Company
3 2,462,167 02-11-2001 01-11-2021
Limited
Gujranwala Electric Power Company
4 2,923,493 23-04-2002 22-04-2022
Limited
5 Lahore Electric Supply Company Limited 3,909,862 01-04-2002 31-03-2022
Faisalabad Electric Supply Company
6 3,445,357 02-03-2002 01-03-2022
Limited
7 Multan Electric Power Company Limited 5,116,072 25-04-2002 24-04-2022
Hyderabad Electric Supply Company
8 976,888 23-04-2002 22-04-2022
Limited
9 Sukkur Electric Supply Company Limited 722,392 18-08-2011 17-08-2031
10 Quetta Electric Supply Company Limited 564,887 30-04-2002 29-04-2022
Distribution Licence Granted to Private Sector Companies
1 K-Electric Limited 2,158,290 21-07-2003 20-07-2023
2 Bahria Town (Pvt.) Limited 16,879 24-11-2010 23-11-2030
Distribution Licence Granted to Small Power Producers
1 Monnoo Energy Limited 3 20-10-2006 07-12-2016
2 Sapphire Power Generation Limited 8 20-10-2006 26-08-2016
3 Sitara Energy Limited 16 20-10-2006 01-01-2017
4 Gulistan Power Gen. Limited 4 20-10-2006 15-11-2016
5 Mahmood Textile Mills Limited 1 14-11-2006 21-10-2016
6 Kohinoor Mills Limited 1 14-11-2006 07-12-2016
7 Quetta Textile Mills Limited 3 14-11-2006 31-01-2017
8 Ibrahim Fibers (Pvt.) Limited 3 22-07-2008 30-12-2021
9 Crescent Powertec Limited 3 18-12-2008 21-10-2016
Distribution Licence Granted to Captive Power Producers
1 Engro Chemical Pakistan Limited Self Consumption 22-07-2009 21-07-2029
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

148
ELECTRICITY
TRANSMISSION 12
State of Industry Report 2015

12. ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION


12.1 General
In Pakistan, there are two companies which are, presently engaged, in the business of electric power transmission.
One is National Transmission and Dispatch Company Limited and the other is K-Electric Limited. NTDC is the
National Grid Company of Pakistan and is, exclusively, responsible for electric power transmission in whole
country except for the area served by K-Electric. NTDC is a public sector company and came into existence as a
result of restructuring of WAPDA in 1998 and then has succeeded in obtaining a transmission licence by NEPRA
in 2002. NTDC is responsible for overall reliability, planning and coordination of the electricity in Pakistan
except the area under K-Electric. At present, NTDC owns a network of 500 kV, 220 kV and some 132 kV (links)
transmission lines and grid stations in its network.

Besides NTDC, the other company which is engaged in electric power transmission business of Pakistan is
K-Electric. K-Electric is a vertically integrated company operating in private sector. Earlier the company was in
public sector and responsible for generation, transmission and distribution of electric power in its area. Later-
on, K-Electric was privatized as a single vertically integrated electric power utility. K-Electric, at present, has
three separate licenses; one for their generation businesses, second is for the distribution of electricity in its
designated area and third is for their transmission network. The transmission network of K-Electric is connected
to the national grid of the country by 220 kV and 132 kV links.

The statistics of electricity imported and exported by NTDC for the years 2010-11 to 2014-15 is shown in
following table.

TABLE 42
Electricity Import and Export by NTDC (GWh)
Country/Agency 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Electricity Import
Iran 269 296 375 419 443
KEL 26 0 0 0 0
Total Electricity Imported 295 296 375 419 443
Electricity Export
KEL 5,449 5,684 5,463 5,441 5,427
Any other Country/Region 10 43 0 0 0
Total Electricity Exported 5,459 5,727 5,463 5,441 5,427
Source: NTDC

12.2 Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with NTDC


The integrated transmission system of NTDC comprises of 500 kV and 220 kV transmission lines and grid
stations. The status of transmission lines and grid stations, at the end of fiscal years from 2011 to 2015, owned
and operated by NTDC is mentioned in following table.

151
State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 42: Electricity Import and Export by NTDC (GWh)

6,000

5,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

-
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Total Electricity Imported Total Electricity Exported

TABLE 43
Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with NTDC
A: Transmission Lines
Total Transmission Lines and
As on 500 kV 220 kV No. of Circuits
30th June
No. of Circuits Total km No. of Circuits Total km No. of Circuits Total km
2011 30 5,078 114 7,427 144 12,505
2012 30 5,078 121 7,948 151 13,026
2013 30 5,144 124 8,358 154 13,502
2014 30 5,183 124 9,104 154 14,287
2015 30 5,197 124 9,814 154 15,011
B: Grid Stations
Total No. of Grid Stations and
500/220 kV 220/132 kV
As on MVA Capacity
30th June No. of Grid No. of Grid MVA Total No. of Total MVA
MVA Capacity
Station Station Capacity Grid Station Capacity
2011 12 14,850 27 16,494 39 31,344
2012 12 14,850 29 18,044 41 32,894
2013 12 15,750 29 18,231 41 33,981
2014 13 17,400 35 21,030 48 38,430
2015 13 18,624 37 24,063 50 42,687
Source: NTDC

12.3 Transmission Losses


When power is transmitted through power carrier lines, some power is “lost” as dissipated heat, during
transmission. Technically it is not possible to eliminate such losses however such losses can be reduced by
transmitting electric power to higher voltages. The history of transmission losses of NTDC system for the years
2010-11 to 2014-15 are mentioned in following table.

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 44
Unit Received, Delivered and Transmission Losses in NTDC System (GWh)
  Unit 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Unit Received by NTDC GWh 90,575.00 88,987.00 87,080.00 95,566.00 97,474.00
Unit Delivered by NTDC GWh 87,835.00 86,479.00 84,424.00 92,868.00 94,909.00
Unit Losses GWh 2,740.00 2,508.00 2,656.00 2,698.00 2,565.00
(Transmission) % 3.03 2.82 3.05 2.82 2.63
Source: NTDC

12.4 Utilization of Transmission Lines and Power Transformers


Appropriate utilization of transmission lines and power transformers in any electric power system is important
and has a very significant impact both technically as well as financially. The position of utilization of transmission
lines in the NTDC’s network is mentioned in following table.

TABLE 45
Utilization of Transmission Lines and Power Transformers in NTDC System
A: Loading Status of Transmission Lines
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Overloaded Transmission Lines/Circuits 500 kV 0 0 0 0 2
(Nos.) 220 kV 3 23 35 25 32
Underutilized Transmission Lines/ 500 kV 4 34 34 34 30
Circuits (Nos.) 220 kV 25 85 78 95 74
B: Loading Status of Power Transformers
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
500 kV 7 5 4 5 5
Overloaded Power Transformers (Nos.)
220 kV 25 58 56 63 47
Underutilized Power Transformers 500 kV 6 29 30 26 22
(Nos.) 220 kV 23 33 54 55 43
Source: NTDC

TABLE 46
Transmission Lines Tripping in PEPCO and K-Electric System
PEPCO System
Planned Outages Forced Outages
Year
500 kV 220 kV 500 kV 220 kV
No. of Outages 145 528 113 268
2010-11 Total duration in minutes 62066 219749 227048 428970
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 6501 12383 6501 111825
No. of Outages 176 499 47 267
2011-12 Total duration in minutes 76684 233631 15836 111566
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 3470 9921 7718 16045
No. of Outages 346 679 78 248
2012-13 Total duration in minutes 152515 257849 91819 263021
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 3503 4983 56334 26281
No. of Outages 344 665 90 265
2013-14 Total duration in minutes 165426 264682 113460 101493
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 14584 9566 41771 37339
No. of Outages 469 777 76 250
2014-15 Total duration in minutes 267263 230783 85656 727395
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 3729 1990 12347 244003
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

KEL System
Planned Outages Forced Outages
Year
220 kV 132 kV 220 kV 132 kV
No. of Outages 263 666 60 519
2010-11 Total duration in minutes 11898 252539 16275 149411
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 5672 n.p. 2853 n.p.
No. of Outages 259 786 17 519
2011-12 Total duration in minutes 113242 275553 2672 154545
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 6177 3240 613 29545
No. of Outages 269 688 87 412
2012-13 Total duration in minutes 104550 234084 34298 76641
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 6186 10910 16885 2245
No. of Outages 252 660 79 359
2013-14 Total duration in minutes 99767 219884 21423 85754
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) 1266 1081 1807 4368
No. of Outages n.p. 12 n.p. 39
2014-15 Total duration in minutes n.p. 3662 n.p. 5190
Maximum duration of any single outage (Minutes) n.p. 849 n.p. 631
Source: NTDC / KEL

12.5 Investment Plan - NTDC System


Being National Grid Company of the country, NTDC is solely responsible for overall reliability, planning and
coordination of the electricity transmission in Pakistan except, the area under K-Electric. Further, NTDC is solely
responsible to provide interconnection arrangement to evacuate power from up-coming power projects in
the country. To discharge its responsibility NTDC has prepared an investment plan for improvement of its
transmission network and grid stations. Table shows that Grid Station and Transmission Expansion Plans of
NTDC.

TABLE 47
Grid Station Expansion Plan of NTDC
500/220 kV Grids 220/132 kV Grids
Period of *Estimated Estimated
Report MVA Expected MVA Expected
Nos. Cost Nos. Cost
Capacity COD Capacity COD
(Rs. Million) (Rs. Million)
New Grid Station
2015-16 3 3750 2016-17 20,399 8 5750 2016-17 26,233
2016-17 1 1500 2019-20 3,500 - - - -
Extension
2015-16 1 430 2016-17 697 - - - -
Addition/Reinforcement of Transformers at Overloaded Grid Stations
2015-16 1 0 2016-17 1,413 - - - -
2016-17 - - - - - - - -
2017-18 - - - - 6 3000 2019-20 16,400
* The cost of 500/220 kV Grid Stations also include the cost of 220/132 kV Transformers.
Source: NTDC

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 48
Power Sector Investment Plan for NTDC Transmission Lines (as per approved PC-I)
Transmission Lines Estimated
S. Capacity Expected Completion
Name of Project Voltage Line Length Cost
No. (MVA) Date
Level (kV) (km) (Million Rs.)
1 T.T. Singh 220 2 750 2015 1,759
2 Rahim Yar Khan 500 60 1700 2015 4,936
3 Dera Murad Jamali 220 5 260 June, 2015 880
4 Gujrat 220 4 750 December, 2015 1,966
5 Ghazi Road 220 80 480 December, 2015 2,592
6 Chistian 220 65 500 December, 2015 2,633
7 SVC at NKLP --- -- 450 December, 2015 2,087
8 Lahore 500 130 1500 December, 2015 12,664
9 Quetta --- -- 450 December, 2015 2,087
10 Shikarpur 500 84 1200 December, 2015 8,085
11 Nowshehra 220 10 750 2015-16 1,876
12 Lalian 220 8 750 2015-16 1,581
13 Mansehra 220 1 50 2015-16 905
14 Dera Ismail Khan 220 100 500 2015-16 3,744
15 Augmentation of Existing Grid Stations:
(i) Rawat 500 - 750
(ii) Sheikh Muhammadi 220 - 1000
(iii) Burhan 220 - 1000
(iv) Bund Road 220 - 1000 December, 2015 3900
(v) Mardan 220 - 500
(vi) Bahawalpur 220 - 500
(vii) Quetta Industrial 220 - 500
Source: NTDC

TABLE 49
Interconnection Arrangement to Evacuate Power from up-coming
(Public and Private Sector) Power Projects
Plant
S. Name of Power Expected
Capacity Proposed Transmission Scheme
No. Project COD
(MW)
220 kV Chashma Nuclear - Bannu D/C T/L (125 km)
Power Dispersal from
Chashma Nuclear 220 kV D/C T/L for in/out of existing C1 and C2 at C3 and C4 (2
1 2x340 2015-16
Power Project (C3 and km)
C4)
Extension at 220 kV Bannu
500 kV Guddu-Muzaffargarh S/C T/L (256 km)
Power Dispersal from Two 500 kV T/L for in/out of 500 kV Guddu-Multan S/C T/L at
2 747 2015-16
747 CCPP at Guddu 500 kV Muzaffargarh (10 km)
Extension at 500 kV Muzaffargarh
220 kV Uch-II - Sibbi D/C T/L (125 km)
220 kV D/C T/L for in/out of 200 kV existing Uch-I to Shikarpur
Power Dispersal from New S/C T/L at Uch-II (0.5 km)
3 404 2015-16
Uch-II
Reconductoring of 220 kV T/L Uch-I to Uch-II (I km)
Extension at 220 kV Sibbi Substation
Continued.....

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State of Industry Report 2015

Plant
S. Name of Power Expected
Capacity Proposed Transmission Scheme
No. Project COD
(MW)
3rd Circuit (for Power 500 kV Jamshoro-Moro-RYK S/C T/L (535 km)
Evacuation from
500 kV Moro-Dadu S/C T/L (55 km)
2x660 MW Coal Fired
4 2270 2015-16
PPs at Jamshoro and 500 kV Switching Station at Moro
Dispersal of Wind
Power) Extension at 500 kV Jamshoro, Dadu and RYK Grid Stations
500 kV D/C T/L from Neelum Jhelum to Domali (145 km)
500 kV D/C T/L from Domali to 500 kV Gujranwala Grid Station
(130 km)
Power Dispersal from
Extension at 500 kV Gujranwala (two lines bays with 3x37 MVA
Neelum Jhelum, Azad 969+650+
5 2015-16 Shunt Reactors)
Pattan and Karot 720=2339
Hydropower Projects 500 kV D/C T/L for in/out of 500 kV Neelum Jhelum Gujranwala
S/C at Azad Pattan (5 km)
500 kV D/C T/L for in/out of 500 kV Neelum Jhelum Gujranwala
S/C at Karot (5 km)
100 2014-15 Phase I: 132 kV D/C T/Ls (4 km)
300 2014-15 Phase II: 132 kV D/C T/Ls (52 km)
Phase III: 220 kV Grid Station at Lal-Suhanra with 3x250 MVA,
Evacuation of Power
220/132 kV transformers along with allied equipment and
from 1000 MW Quaid-
6 accessories
e-Azam Solar Park at
Lal-Suhanra 600 2015-16 220 kV D/C T/L from 220 kV Lal-Suhanra to 220 kV Bahawalpur
(40 km)
Three 132 kV D/C T/Ls on Rail Conductor form Solar Projects
Sites to 220 kV Grid Station at Lal-Suhanra (8 km each)
Phase I: 132 kV Jhimpir New Collector Substation
330 2015-16
132 kV D/C T/Lines (107 km)
Phase II: Upgradation of 132 kV Jhimpir Substation to 220 kV
Evacuation of Power Substation (3x250 MVA)
from Wind Power
7 Projects at Jhimpir 220 kV Gas Insulated Substation (GIS) at Gharo (2x250 MVA)
and Gharo Wind 620 2016-17
220 kV D/C T/Lines (155 km)
Clusters
132 kV D/C T/Lines (85 km)
Addition of 450 MVA, 500/220 kV T/F at 500 kV Jamshoro
500 2016-17 Phase III: 220 kV D/C Line (10 km)
Power Dispersal from 500 kV Thar - Matiari D/C T/L (250 km)
8 Thar Coal based 1200 2016-17
Power Plant 500 kV Switching Station at Matiari
Evacuation of Power
In/Out of existing 500 kV Lahore-Gatti Singh Circuit at 500 kV
9 from 1200 MW LNG 1200 2016-17
Switchyard of Bhikki Power Plant (3 km)
Based PP at Bhikki
500 kV Double Circuit T/L from Balloki Power Project to Lahore
Evacuation of Power South Grid Station (40 km)
10 from 1200 MW LNG 1200 2016-17 Addition of 1x750 MVA 500/220 kV Transformer along with allied
Based PP at Bhikki equipment and two 500 kV line baysat 500 kV Lahore South Grid
Station
Evacuation of Power In/Out of 500 kV D/C T/L from Muzaffargarh-Gatti at HB Shah
from 1200 MW LNG (3 km)
11 1200 2016-17
Based PP at Jhnag
(Haveli Bahadur Shah) In/Out of 500 kV Multan-Gatti D/C T/L at HB Shah (25 km)
Evacuation of Power
500 kV D/C T/L from Bin Qasim Power Plant to Matiari Switching
12 from 1320 MW Bin 1320 2016-17
Station (180 km)
Qasim Project
Continued.....

156
State of Industry Report 2015

Plant
S. Name of Power Expected
Capacity Proposed Transmission Scheme
No. Project COD
(MW)
Evacuation of Power
500 kV D/C T/L from Hub Power Plant to Matiari Switching
13 from 1320 MW Hub 11320 2016-17
Station (220 km)
Power Company Ltd.
Evacuation of Power
from 300 MW Coal
14 300 2016-17 132 kV D/C T/L (80 km)
Fired Power Plant at
Pind Dadin Khan
Evacuation of Power
from 1320 MW
15 1320 2016-17 In/Out of Yousafwala-Lahore 500 kV D/C T/L at Sahiwal (0.5 km)
Imported Coal Based
Power Plant at Sahiwal
Evacuation of Power
16 from 147 MW Patrind 147 2016-17 132 kV T/L (70 km)
HPP
Replacement of Existing Tarbela-Burhan D/C T/L (35.1 km)
Evacuation of Power
Replacement of Existing 220 kV Tarbela-Burhan-ISPR D/C T/L
17 from Tarbela 4th 1410 2016-17
(62.5 km)
Extension
In/Out of one Circuit of 220 kV Mansehra-ISPR D/C T/L (40 km)
Evacuation of Power
18 from Tarbela 5th 1320 2017-18 500 kV D/C T/L (77 km)
Extension
Evacuation of Power
500 kV D/C T/L from Siddiqsons to South 500 kV Substation (32
19 from Siddiqsons 350 2018-19
km)
Limited
Evacuation of Power
500 kV D/C T/L for In/Out of Siddiqsons - South 500 kV
20 from Lucky Electric 660 2018-19
Substation (32 km)
Power Company Ltd.
Evacuation of Power
21 2160 2019-20 500 kV D/C T/L (615 km)
from Dasu HPP
Evacuation of Power
22 840 2019-20 500 kV D/C T/L (615 km)
from Suki Kinari HPP
Source: NTDC

12.6 Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with K-Electric


The K-Electric was a vertically integrated public limited company, which was responsible for generation,
transmission and distribution of electric power in the area of Karachi City and its suburb. Later-on, in year 2005,
it was privatized with same function of generation, transmission and distribution of electric power in its area
under separate licenses. K-Electric system is connected to the national grid of the country by 220 kV and 132 kV
links. The statistics and investment/expansion plans in respect of K-Electric transmission lines and grid stations
are given in the following tables:

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 50
Transmission Lines and Grid Stations with K-Electric
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Length of Transmission Lines in km
220 kV 321 321 323 323 323
Overhead
132 kV 611 611 611 611 611
Lines
66 kV 149 149 149 149 149
220 kV 17 17 15 15 15
Underground
132 kV 150 150 150 150 151
Lines
66 kV 0 0 0 0 0
Number of Grid Stations in KEL Transmission System
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
No. MVA No. MVA No. MVA No. MVA No. MVA
220 kV 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000 7 3000
KEL’s Owned
132 kV 50 n.p. 51 n.p. 52 4611 53 4679 54 4732
Grid Stations
66 kV 3 n.p. 3 n.p. 3 60 3 60 3 69
Consumers 220 kV 1 40 1 40 1 40 1 80 1 80
Owned 132 kV 5 n.a. 8 n.a. 9 n.a. 9 452 9 452
Grid Stations 66 kV 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total No. of Grid
66 3040 70 3040 72 7711 73 8271 74 8333
Stations
Source: KEL

TABLE 51
Transmission/Sub-Transmission Losses in K-Electric System (GWh)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Total Units Purchased by KEL 7,632.14 7,229.71 7,257.00 7,282.00 7,496.00
Total Units Generated by KEL
7,826.27 8,029.00 8,567.00 8,709.00 9,319.00
(Gross)
Auxiliary Consumption in KEL
591.62 636.00 665.00 658.00 704.00
Plant
Unit Sent Out – KEL 7,234.65 7,393.00 7,902.00 8,051.00 8,615.00
Units Available for Distribution 14,866.79 14,622.71 15,159.00 15,333.00 16,111.00
Units Sold 10,071.27 10,279.00 10,942.00 11,453.00 12,294.00
T&D Losses (GWh) 4,795.52 4,343.71 4,217.00 3,880.00 3,817.00
Energy
Auxiliary Losses (%) 7.56 7.92 7.76 7.56 7.55
Losses
T&D Losses (%) 32.26 29.71 27.82 25.30 23.69
Source: KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 51. Units Available, Units Sold and T&D Losses (GWh)

2014-15

2013-14

2012-13

2011-12

2010-11

0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000

Units Available for Distribution Units Sold T&D Losses (GWh)

TABLE 52
Amount Injected (in million Rs.) to Reinforce/
Expand 220 and 132 kV Transmission System of K-Electric
2013-14 2014-15
Description
FC LC Total FC LC Total
Grid Stations - - 671.00 - - 1568.00
Transmission
- - 405.00 - - 425.00
and SCADA
Reinforcement - - - - - -
Others - - 67.00 - - 30.00
Total - - 1143.00 - - 2023.00
 Investment Plan in Transmission Line
(220 and 132 kV) (in million US$) of K-Electric
2015-16 2016-17
Description
FC LC Total FC LC Total
Grid Stations - - 37.60 - - 48.00
Transmission - - 60.70 - - 71.00
SCADA - - 9.70 - - 11.70
Reinforcement - - 18.20 - - 29.10
Total - - 126.20 - - 159.80
FC: Foreign Currency converted into equivalent US$ to Euro (1 Euro=US$ 1.107)
LC: Local Currency converted into equivalent US$ with current US$ to Rupee Rate (1 US$=PkRs. 102)
Source: KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

Table 53
Loading Position of 500 kV Grid Stations of NTDC (2014-15)
Name of NTDC Capacity of
Name of Region and No. of Power Voltage Loading
Transformer
Grid Station Name of Transformer Level (kV) Position (%)
(MVA)
DISCO
T-1 500/220 450 76.21
Islamabad
Rawat T-2 500/220 450 76.21
(IESCO/GEPCO)
T-3 500/220 450 76.21
T-1 500/220 450 77.05
Sheikh Islamabad
Muhammadi T-2 500/220 450 77.05
(TESCO/PESCO)
Peshawar
T-9 500/220 450 77.05
Lahore T-1 500/220 600 55.24
Nokhar (GEPCO) T-2 500/220 600 55.24
T-1 500/220 450 84.67
Lahore T-2 500/220 450 86.03
Gatti (FESCO/GEPCO/
LESCO/MEPCO) T-3 500/220 450 82.22
T-4 500/220 450 82.22
T-1 500/220 600 81.59
Lahore T-2 500/220 600 81.59
Sheikhupura (LESCO) T-3 500/220 600 81.59
T-4 500/220 600 81.59
Multan T-1 500/220 450 72.99
Multan (MEPCO) T-2 500/220 450 72.99
Multan T-1 500/220 600 41.27
Muzafargarh (MEPCO) T-2 500/220 600 39.37
Multan T-1 500/220 600 61.59
Yousafwala (MEPCO/LESCO) T-2 500/220 600 61.59
Proper meters
Multan T-1 500/220 600
D.G. Khan not installed
(MEPCO)
T-2 500/220 600 PTW
Hyderabad T-2 500/220 450 51.65
Dadu (HESCO/SEPCO) T-4 500/220 450 49.11
T-1 500/220 450 24.13
Hyderabad
Guddu (SEPCO/QESCO/ T-2 500/220 450 24.13
MEPCO)
T-3 500/220 450 24.13
Hyderabad T-1 500/220 600 62.22
NKI (HESCO/K-EL) T-2 500/220 600 62.22
Hyderabad T-1 500/220 450 45.72
Jamshoro (HESCO/K-EL) T-2 500/220 450 45.72
Source: NTDC

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Table 54
Loading Position of 220 kV Grid Stations of NTDC (2014-15)
Name of NTDC Capacity of
Name of No. of Power Voltage Loading
Region and Transformer
Grid Station Transformer Level (kV) Position (%)
Name of DISCO (MVA)
T-1 220/132 160 91.43
Islamabad T-4 220/132 160 91.43
Burhan (IESCO/LESCO) T-2 220/132 160 80.00
T-3 220/132 250 82.19
T-1 220/132 160 81.43
Islamabad
Bannu T-2 220/132 160 81.43
(PESCO/TESCO)
T-5 220/132 160 60.00
Islamabad T-1 220/132 160 90.14
Daud Khail (IESCO/FESCO) T-2 220/132 160 90.14
T-1 220/132 250 97.72
Islamabad
Mardan T-2 220/132 160 100.29
(PESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 88.71
T-1 220/132 160 97.14
Islamabad
Sangjani T-2 220/132 160 97.14
(IESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 84.29
T-1 220/132 160 81.86
T-2 220/132 160 81.86
Islamabad
Shahi Bagh T-3 220/132 160 81.86
(PESCO/TESCO)
Shifted for
T-4 220/132 160 Repair
Islamabad T-1 220/132 250 85.39
University (IESCO) T-2 220/132 250 18.26
T-1 220/132 250 102.28
Lahore
NKLP Lahore T-2 220/132 250 105.02
(LESCO)
T-3 220/132 250 105.02
T-1 220/132 250 93.15
Lahore
Ravi Lahore T-2 220/132 250 76.71
(LESCO)
T-3 220/132 250 76.71
T-1 220/132 160 92.86
Lahore T-2 220/132 160 92.86
Sarfraz Nagar (LESCO) T-3 220/132 160 92.86
T-4 220/132 160 92.86
T-1 220/132 160 75.71
Lahore
Sialkot T-2 220/132 160 75.71
(GEPCO)
T-3 220/132 160 75.71
T-1 220/132 160 92.86
Kala Shah Lahore T-2 220/132 160 92.86
Kaku (GEPCO/LESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 92.86
T-1 220/132 250 65.30
Lahore T-2 220/132 250 74.89
Band Road (LESCO) T-3 220/132 250 65.30
T-4 220/132 250 74.89
T-1 220/132 160 90.00
Lahore
Shalamar T-2 220/132 160 86.71
(LESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 86.71
T-1 220/132 160 94.29
Lahore T-2 220/132 160 78.57
Ghakkar (GEPCO) T-3 220/132 160 102.86
T-4 220/132 160 94.29
T-1 220/132 160 82.86
Lahore
WAPDA Town T-2 220/132 160 82.86
(LESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 82.86
Continued.....
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State of Industry Report 2015

Name of NTDC Capacity of


Name of No. of Power Voltage Loading
Region and Transformer
Grid Station Transformer Level (kV) Position (%)
Name of DISCO (MVA)
GZR Lahore (LESCO) T-1 220/132 250 82.19
T-1 220/132 160 91.14
Lahore T-2 220/132 160 91.43
Jaranwala (FESCO) T-3 220/132 160 88.29
T-4 220/132 160 100.00
T-1 220/132 160 104.29
Lahore
Ludewala T-2 220/132 160 104.29
(FESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 104.29
Lahore T-4 220/132 60/63.5 92.20
Nishatabad (FESCO) T-5 220/132 160 95.00
T-1 220/132 160 91.43
Sammundari Lahore T-2 220/132 160 109.29
Road (FESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 109.29
Toba Take Lahore T-1 220/132 250 106.85
Singh (FESCO)
T-1 220/132 160 91.43
Multan
Bahawalpur T-2 220/132 250 95.16
(MEPCO)
T-3 220/132 250 95.16
T-1 220/132 160 101.43
Multan
Vehari T-2 220/132 160 101.43
(MEPCO)
T-3 220/132 160 102.86
Multan T-1 220/132 160 57.14
Muzafargarh (MEPCO) T-2 220/132 160 57.14
T-1 220/132 250 61.19
Multan
Okara T-2 220/132 250
(LESCO) Not Energized
T-3 220/132 250
Multan T-1 220/132 160 Not Energized
Kasswal (MEPCO) T-2 220/132 160 111.43
T-1 220/132 160 90.00
Hyderabad
Hala Road T-2 220/132 160 90.00
(HESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 92.86
T-1 220/132 160 74.29
Quetta Hyderabad T-2 220/132 160 74.29
Industrial (QESCO)
T-3 220/132 160 71.43
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 160 77.43
Sibbi (QESCO) T-2 220/132 160 77.43
T-1 220/132 160 94.29
Hyderabad
Shikarpur T-2 220/132 160 91.43
(SEPCO)
T-3 220/132 160 91.43
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 160 98.57
TMK Road (HESCO) T-2 220/132 160 97.14
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 250 56.62
Daharki (SEPCO) T-2 220/132 160 52.86
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 250 77.63
Rohri (SEPCO) T-2 220/132 250 29.22
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 160 97.14
Khuzdar (QESCO) T-2 220/132 160 48.57
Hyderabad T-1 220/132 250 Not Energized
Loralai (QESCO) T-2 220/132 250 56.62
Source: NTDC

162
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DISTRIBUTION 13
State of Industry Report 2015

13. ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION


13.1 General
Presently there are ten distribution companies in public sector, which are distributing electric power to end-
consumers in Pakistan except the area served by K-Electric. In the area of Karachi City and its suburbs, K-Electric
is solely responsible for distributing of electric power to end-consumers under a separate distribution licence
granted by NEPRA. In addition to ten public sector Distribution Companies and two private sector Distribution
Companies, NEPRA so far has granted nine distribution licenses to Small Power Producers and one distribution
licence to Captive Power Producer for supply of electric power to designated BPCs. The List of distribution
licence granted by NEPRA is given in following table.

TABLE 55
List of Licenses Issued to Distribution Companies
Number of
S. Date of Licence Licence Valid
Company Consumers (as on
No. Issued Until
30th June, 2015)
Distribution Companies working in Public Sector
1 Peshawar Electric Supply Company Limited 2,956,567 30-04-2002 29-04-2022
Tribal Areas Electricity Supply Company
2 441,562 12-08-2013 11-08-2033
Limited
3 Islamabad Electric Supply Company Limited 2,462,167 02-11-2001 01-11-2021
4 Gujranwala Electric Power Company Limited 2,923,493 23-04-2002 22-04-2022
5 Lahore Electric Supply Company Limited 3,909,862 01-04-2002 31-03-2022
6 Faisalabad Electric Supply Company Limited 3,445,357 02-03-2002 01-03-2022
7 Multan Electric Power Company Limited 5,116,072 25-04-2002 24-04-2022
8 Hyderabad Electric Supply Company Limited 976,888 23-04-2002 22-04-2022
9 Sukkur Electric Supply Company Limited 722,392 18-08-2011 17-08-2031
10 Quetta Electric Supply Company Limited 564,887 30-04-2002 29-04-2022
Distribution Companies working in Private Sector
1 K-Electric Limited 2,158,290 21-07-2003 20-07-2023
2 Bahria Town (Pvt.) Limited 16,879 24-11-2010 23-11-2030
Distribution Licence Granted to Small Power Producers
1 Monnoo Energy Limited 3 20-10-2006 07-12-2016
2 Sapphire Power Generation Limited 8 20-10-2006 26-08-2016
3 Sitara Energy Limited 16 20-10-2006 01-01-2017
4 Gulistan Power Generation Limited 4 20-10-2006 15-11-2016
5 Mahmood Textile Mills Limited 1 14-11-2006 21-10-2016
6 Kohinoor Mills Limited 1 14-11-2006 07-12-2016
7 Quetta Textile Mills Limited 3 14-11-2006 31-01-2017
8 Ibrahim Fibers (Pvt.) Limited 3 22-07-2008 30-12-2021
9 Crescent Powertec Limited 3 18-12-2008 21-10-2016
Distribution Licence Granted to Captive Power Producers
1 Engro Chemical Pakistan Limited Self Consumption 22-07-2009 21-07-2029
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority

165
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 56
Service Area of Distribution Companies
Service Area
DISCO Service Area
(Sq. km)
PESCO 77,474 Whole Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, except tribal areas
Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) (comprising of Bajaur,
Mohmand, Khyber, Ourakzai, Kurrum, North Wazirstan, South Wazirstan
TESCO 27,220
agencies) and Frontier Regions (FRs) (i.e. FR Peshawar, FR Kohat, FR Bannu,
FR Lakhi, FR Tank and FR DI Khan
IESCO 23,160 Federal Capital Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Attock, Jhelum, Chakwal
GEPCO 17,207 Gujranwala, Sialkot, Mandi Bahauddin, Hafizabad, Narowal, Gujrat
LESCO 19,064 Lahore, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Okara, Nankana
Faisalabad, Sargodha, Khushab, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh, Bhalwal, Mianwali,
FESCO 36,122
Bhakkar
Multan, Rahim Yar Khan, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Vehari,
MEPCO 105,505 Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Leiah, Rajan Pur, Bahawalpur, Lodhran,
Bahawalnagar
All Province of Sindh except Karachi, Sukkur, Ghotki, Khairpur, Kashmore,
Kandhkot, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Larkana, Kambar, Shahdadkot, Dadu and
HESCO 81,087
some portions of Jamshoro, Naushehro Feroz, Shaheed Benazirabad and
Rahimyar Khan
Sukkur, Ghotki, Khairpur, Kashmore, Kandhkot, Jacobabad, Shikarpur,
SEPCO 56,300 Larkana, Kambar, Shahdadkot, Dadu and some portions of Jamshoro,
Naushehro Feroz, Shaheed Benazirabad and Rahimyar Khan
Whole Province of Balochistan, except Lasbela where K-Electric is
QESCO 334,616
responsible for distribution of power
K-Electric Entire Karachi and its suburbs upto Dhabeji and Gharo in Sindh and over
6,500
Limited Hub, Uthal, Vindhar and Bela in Balochistan
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority

13.2 Function of Distribution Companies


The distribution companies in Pakistan are responsible for channeling electricity from the transmission
substations below 220 kV to the consumers at different distribution voltages. The end users are classified
as residential, commercial, industrial, agriculture, street lights etc. The distribution network is composed of
lines and grid stations of 132 kV and lower voltage capacities, and each distribution company is responsible
for constructing, operating, and maintaining the power distribution facilities within its dedicated geographic
area. The overall distribution system, especially in urban areas, is overstressed and needs to be upgraded,
augmented, and expanded.

13.3 Distribution System Performance


The continuity of supply is one of the most important indicators to measure the performance of any Distribution
Company. Besides other, the following three indicators are commonly used to monitor the system performance
of DISCOs, in respect of supply reliability and quality of supply. The indicators are listed as under:

Total annual number of all Consumer Power Supply Interruptions


System Average Interruption
= Total number of consumers served by the distribution company in a given year
Frequency Index (SAIFI)

System Average Interruption Aggregate sum of all Consumer Power Supply Interruption durations in minutes
=
Duration Index (SAIDI)
Total number of consumers served by the distribution company in a given year

166
State of Industry Report 2015

A comparison of SAIFI and SAIDI in respect of all DISCOs of the country, for the year 2010-11 to 2014-15, has
been carried out and is included in this report. Pursuant to NEPRA, Performance Standards (Distribution) Rules,
2005 a Distribution Company shall ensure that the SAIFI and SAIDI does not exceed thirteen (13) and fourteen
(14) in numbers and minutes, respectively.

TABLE 57
Comparison of SAIFI and SAIDI of all Distribution Companies
  DISCO 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PESCO 2459330 2542747 2530655 2588473 2618779
TESCO - - - 390723 384031
IESCO 2094299 2206006 2260203 2342241 2423317
GEPCO 2500268 2608374 2568859 2736688 2812997
LESCO 2959110 3052299 3164986 3286668 3432160
Total Number FESCO 2996549 3278533 3214275 3288932 2445562
of Consumers MEPCO 4095946 4290373 4535062 4693061 4989020
(Nos.) HESCO 1539637 883335 915805 952296 976923
SEPCO - 643197 687045 711727 721087
QESCO 487620 503158 516327 535145 561280
K-EL 2370738 2388579 2385100 2358357 2317947
BTPL 6756 8845 11838 15636 16879
Total 21510253 22405446 22790155 23899947 23699982
PESCO 587275327 821123054 864386357 819134634 825967981
TESCO - - - 49458 36879
IESCO 857621 1305999 1391792 120949 86134
GEPCO 63230504 72435349 69726399 28804296 29294902
Total Annual
LESCO 116264697 89713568 160058187 256478823 180162181
Number of
FESCO 115742546 194766923 182579281 116444302 160355190
Consumer
MEPCO 759867592 795001382 678829469 945813581 886095371
Power Supply
HESCO 2311912695 680501756 668882208 218961910 197662324
Interruptions
SEPCO - 219610030 2870251802 178978331 164384407
QESCO 80445210 78537463 79422810 77573236 63193661
K-EL 82737192 77612818 74576586 58293812 51478645
BTPL 8291 116 40510 105 81
PESCO 48044522020 71677299240 74832413870 72339031400 73155560030
TESCO - - - 819028 508279
IESCO 47380746 82736301 78663777 3886042 2411513
Aggregate sum GEPCO 792887713 760565671 676186878 35971518 37129560
LESCO 10266206977 7968880969 14608740454 15643260013 10331785985
of all Consumer
FESCO 63649624760 4331500066 4019965724 3739602394 9243009119
Power Supply
MEPCO 65110006031 689654325 58111790700 83088717833 78216126150
Interruptions
HESCO 1594389070 21191991580 19419312750 15883027060 10397137520
(Duration in
SEPCO - 11727318040 3297761640 1738562122 1544108334
Minutes) QESCO 6543784521 6445823719 6523770172 6351140612 4213425000
K-EL 5195969221 4438509649 4270360371 3526349005 3083517500
BTPL 339306 14658 81454 12303 12107
Total 201245110365 129314294218 185839047790 202350379330 190224731097
PESCO 238.79 323.00 341.57 316.45 315.40
TESCO - - - 0.12 0.10
System Average IESCO 0.41 0.59 0.62 0.05 0.04
GEPCO 25.29 27.77 27.14 10.53 10.41
Interruption
LESCO 39.29 29.39 50.57 78.04 52.49
Frequency
FESCO 38.63 59.39 56.80 35.40 46.54
Index (SAIFI),
MEPCO 185.52 185.29 149.68 201.53 177.61
Power Supply
HESCO 1501.62 770.28 730.38 229.93 202.33
Interruptions per
SEPCO - 341.43 4177.68 251.48 227.96
consumer per year QESCO 164.98 156.08 153.82 144.95 112.58
K-EL 34.90 32.49 31.27 24.71 22.21
BTPL 1.23 0.01 3.42 0.006 0.0095
PESCO 19535.60 28189.00 29570.37 27946.60 27934.98
TESCO - - - 2.09 1.32
System Average IESCO 22.60 37.49 34.80 1.66 0.10
Interruption GEPCO 317.10 291.58 263.22 13.14 13.20
Duration LESCO 3469.40 2610.78 4615.74 4759.61 3010.29
Index (SAIDI), FESCO 21241.00 1320.98 1250.66 1137.02 2682.58
Power Supply MEPCO 15896.20 16073.48 12813.89 17704.58 15677.65
HESCO 1035.60 23990.80 21204.64 16678.66 10642.74
Interruptions
SEPCO - 18233.00 4799.92 2442.73 2141.36
Durations
QESCO 13419.80 12810.68 12634.96 11868.07 7506.81
K-EL 2191.70 1857.97 1790.43 1495.25 1330.30
BTPL 50.20 1.60 6.90 0.78 1.43
Source: Distribution Companies / NEPRA

167
State of Industry Report 2015

System Average Interruption Frequency Index


Power Supply Interruptions per Consumer per Year
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

System Average Interruption Duration Index


Power Supply Interruptions Durations

30000.00

25000.00

20000.00

15000.00

10000.00

5000.00

0.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

168
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 58
Peak Demand of Distribution Companies (MW)
DISCO 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PESCO 2787 3271 2946 2746 2798
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year -3.83 17.37 -9.94 -6.79 1.89
TESCO 895 912 824 653 560
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 13.72 1.90 -9.65 -20.75 -14.24
IESCO 2087 2095 2325 2565 2347
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 43.24 0.38 10.98 10.32 -8.50
GEPCO 1870 1994 2029 2190 2386
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 3.14 6.63 1.76 7.93 8.95
LESCO 4006 4062 4787 4588 5021
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 2.30 1.40 17.85 -4.16 9.44
FESCO 2538 2812 2747 2959 3091
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 10.44 10.80 -2.31 7.72 4.46
MEPCO 2949 3022 3360 3570 2892
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year -1.90 2.48 11.18 6.25 -18.99
HESCO 1997 1166 1055 1216 1167
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 11.13 -41.61 -9.52 15.26 -4.03
SEPCO - 1183 1280 1288 1357
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year - - 8.20 0.63 5.36
QESCO 1430 1480 1530 1650 1762
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 8.66 3.50 3.38 7.84 6.79
K-Electric Limited 2591 2596 2778 2929 3056
Peak Demand Growth Rate over Last Year 1.13 0.19 7.01 5.44 4.34
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

TABLE 59
Category-wise Number of Consumers
DISCO

As on 30th Public
Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Bulk Supply Others Total
June Lighting

2011 2281849 264582 23460 26911 843 873 46 2598564


2012 2361837 271688 28156 23190 972 875 46 2686764
PESCO

2013 2447438 279479 28965 23228 1013 877 46 2781046


2014 2523470 289155 29760 23441 1028 878 46 2867778
2015 2602181 298739 30344 23328 1040 888 47 2956567
2011 399342 28115 4119 8388 0 54 0 440018
2012 399395 28123 4050 8477 0 55 0 440100
TESCO

2013 400598 28132 4035 8548 0 55 0 441368


2014 400600 28202 4081 8548 0 55 0 441486
2015 400613 28217 4101 8576 0 55 0 441562
2011 1809525 308524 12797 7466 1470 815 131 2140728
2012 1882619 318705 13337 7729 1506 831 138 2224865
IESCO

2013 1952892 329166 13967 7933 1607 842 144 2306551


2014 2013135 340925 14534 8052 1659 957 40 2379302
2015 2085256 350989 15048 8192 1674 968 40 2462167
Continued.....

169
State of Industry Report 2015

DISCO As on 30th Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Public Bulk Supply Others Total
June Lighting

2011 2181694 279974 52516 35415 459 131 14 2550203


2012 2258940 287249 54767 37277 477 135 15 2638860
GEPCO

2013 2341686 294733 56838 40645 496 139 15 2734552


2014 2419346 304496 57965 41583 507 141 15 2824053
2015 2506136 313573 60542 42563 514 149 16 2923493
2011 2702503 488264 67895 52025 1853 482 211 3313233
2012 2808748 498334 70341 53750 1909 488 211 3433781
LESCO

2013 2936951 510604 72699 56140 2076 489 219 3579178


2014 3052697 524702 75006 57313 2154 491 223 3712586
2015 3228511 542738 77277 58382 2227 490 237 3909862
2011 2611050 308637 40591 34581 1380 196 101 2996536
2012 2712234 316577 42099 36692 1410 204 103 3109319
FESCO

2013 2806555 324089 43836 38048 1432 209 104 3214273


2014 2870418 332675 45120 38921 1470 215 111 3288930
2015 3012756 344642 46602 39522 1500 218 117 3445357
2011 3707866 403769 45020 67958 1266 401 108 4226388
2012 3888629 416928 46210 70438 1299 407 110 4424021
MEPCO

2013 4116231 433736 48190 74077 1338 411 112 4674095


2014 4278223 455088 49599 75484 1365 420 117 4860296
2015 4508987 476683 51135 77317 1402 428 120 5116072
2011 1243587 246182 23415 26723 876 784 89 1541656
2012 718422 138047 12960 15175 490 310 89 885493
HESCO

2013 745501 140191 13407 15718 314 494 90 915715


2014 777599 143685 13834 16198 322 533 92 952263
2015 798206 146831 14311 16578 332 533 97 976888
2012 552110 111196 11152 12169 393 479 58 687557
SEPCO

2013 561212 112391 11489 12295 409 488 18 698302


2014 572945 114072 11846 12408 410 497 18 712196
2015 581305 115574 12094 12484 412 504 19 722392
2011 384136 93177 3254 21136 239 210 4 502156
2012 394843 95830 3321 21390 240 220 4 515848
QESCO

2013 403848 98291 3423 24483 242 229 4 530520


2014 414231 102089 3549 28630 243 234 4 548980
2015 423876 105721 3662 31139 247 238 4 564887
2011 1632604 452667 20595 2233 57 1464 3 2109623
K-Electric

2012 1659766 456537 20537 2536 67 423 3 2139869


Limited

2013 1660768 452329 20462 2616 66 367 1 2136609


2014 1650034 438150 20464 2410 74 202 2 2111336
2015 1695782 439130 20613 2488 77 198 2 2158290
2011 17321552 2421224 273067 280603 8386 3946 704 20309482
Total in PEPCO

2012 17977777 2482677 286393 286287 8696 4004 774 21046608


System

2013 18712912 2550812 296849 301115 8927 4233 752 21875600


2014 19322664 2635089 305294 310578 9158 4421 666 22587870
2015 20147827 2723707 315116 318081 9348 4471 697 23519247
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

170
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 60
Category-wise Sanctioned Load (MW)
DISCO As on
30th Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Public Lighting Bulk Supply Others Total
June
2011 2808 562 1013 247 60 227 4 4921
2012 2968 582 1162 168 61 227 4 5172
PESCO

2013 3119 601 1209 169 59 228 4 5389


2014 3271 630 1278 170 59 230 4 5642
2015 3427 659 1328 170 55 244 4 5887
2011 751 34 820 890 0 4 0 2499
2012 752 34 800 920 0 4 0 2510
TESCO

2013 754 34 810 920 0 4 0 2522


2014 754 35 860 920 0 4 0 2573
2015 754 35 960 930 0 4 0 2683
2011 3162 843 846 76 98 427 261 5713
2012 3298 922 875 80 99 432 269 5975
IESCO

2013 3452 960 912 84 99 459 283 6248


2014 3575 1005 942 86 99 469 289 6466
2015 3723 1043 970 89 99 483 290 6698
2011 2959 551 1270 255 34 65 1 5135
2012 3096 570 1327 266 34 67 1 5361
GEPCO

2013 3237 590 1390 286 34 67 1 5605


2014 3380 616 1446 291 34 70 1 5838
2015 3543 647 1528 297 34 89 1 6139
2011 4011 1269 3207 534 108 174 40 9343
2012 4183 1313 3385 549 109 177 38 9754
LESCO

2013 4399 1367 3547 572 112 178 40 10215


2014 4606 1420 3767 584 113 176 40 10706
2015 4912 1482 3915 596 112 179 42 11238
2011 6287 645 1442 390 10 122 6 8902
2012 6529 671 1533 421 10 134 6 9304
FESCO

2013 6758 699 1681 433 10 137 6 9724


2014 6923 730 1774 445 11 150 6 10039
2015 7290 768 1901 451 11 187 7 10615
2011 5008 747 1819 1026 14 79 22 8715
2012 5288 785 1893 1074 15 82 23 9160
MEPCO

2013 5646 828 2008 1142 15 87 23 9748


2014 5916 878 2118 1168 15 99 23 10219
2015 6292 917 2194 1195 15 105 24 10743
2011 1543 410 896 360 35 82 12 3338
2012 965 245 623 209 25 35 8 2110
HESCO

2013 998 251 695 216 36 25 8 2228


2014 1037 260 737 226 44 26 8 2337
2015 1065 269 777 229 45 26 8 2420
2012 610 176 327 160 12 50 2 1337
SEPCO

2013 610 176 327 160 12 50 2 1337


2014 638 185 357 176 12 52 2 1422
2015 655 192 363 179 12 52 2 1455
2011 578 154 136 562 5 47 0 1482
2012 591 158 139 569 5 49 0 1511
QESCO

2013 605 163 144 662 5 50 0 1629


2014 618 168 151 789 5 52 0 1783
2015 630 174 158 864 5 52 0 1885
2011 2744 872 1620 30 0 525 0 5791
K-Electric

2012 2922 1082 1691 32 1 234 0 5962


Limited

2013 3393 1481 1968 82 7 270 0 7201


2014 3741 1504 1544 37 1 123 0 6950
2015 4008 1579 1674 40 1 135 0 7437
2011 27107 5215 11449 4340 364 1227 346 50048
2012 28280 5456 12065 4416 371 1256 350 52194
Total in

System
PEPCO

2013 29577 5669 12722 4644 382 1284 367 54646


2014 30718 5928 13430 4854 392 1328 374 57024
2015 32292 6187 14094 5000 389 1422 378 59763
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

171
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 61
DISCO Category-wise Electricity Sold (GWh)
Public Bulk
Year Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Others Total
Lighting Supply

2010-11 4041 527 1562 291 21 533 2 6976


2011-12 4048 553 1777 142 21 518 2 7062
PESCO

2012-13 4048 550 1889 111 20 541 2 7162


2013-14 4205 622 1989 100 14 539 3 7471
2014-15 4297 654 2020 93 14 520 2 7599
2010-11 1536 15 91 84 0 9 0 1735
2011-12 1295 14 78 72 0 7 0 1466
TESCO

2012-13 1185 9 42 52 0 6 0 1294


2013-14 1225 10 63 59 0 7 0 1364
2014-15 973 6 63 52 0 7 0 1101
2010-11 3367 896 1561 90 93 636 1031 7674
2011-12 3294 869 1640 86 76 663 909 7537
IESCO

2012-13 3410 862 1656 87 76 1668 4 7763


2013-14 3681 894 1644 93 78 1798 4 8192
2014-15 3704 844 1671 93 76 1755 4 8147
2010-11 3632 429 1783 319 8 268 1 6439
2011-12 3444 396 1741 328 6 261 1 6178
GEPCO

2012-13 3281 361 1704 301 6 267 1 5920


2013-14 3860 399 1966 304 6 292 1 6828
2014-15 3987 405 2077 285 6 293 1 7055
2010-11 5900 1225 6036 1062 96 416 5 14741
2011-12 5657 1165 6120 1008 98 415 5 14467
LESCO

2012-13 5566 1115 6062 1009 101 427 5 14285


2013-14 6278 1215 6773 1127 103 446 7 15948
2014-15 6550 1235 6888 1084 94 469 8 16328
2010-11 3923 499 3079 848 7 236 6 8596
2011-12 3790 468 3181 857 7 274 4 8580
FESCO

2012-13 3787 455 3333 717 7 284 4 8586


2013-14 4256 483 3804 831 7 296 4 9682
2014-15 4426 492 3972 788 7 317 4 10006
2010-11 4982 612 2302 2105 24 159 6 10189
2011-12 4817 605 2559 1885 19 158 6 10049
MEPCO

2012-13 4939 579 2628 1588 16 156 7 9913


2013-14 5518 640 2991 2090 17 173 8 11437
2014-15 6014 657 3071 1745 16 200 8 11711
2010-11 3128 386 1170 783 101 218 27 5814
2011-12 1717 230 773 519 56 83 3 3381
HESCO

2012-13 1926 237 775 454 82 48 3 3524


2013-14 2074 260 770 446 85 47 3 3685
2014-15 2421 271 760 416 105 43 4 4020
2011-12 1630 164 407 254 73 134 5 2666
SEPCO

2012-13 1670 168 417 257 74 139 2 2726


2013-14 1650 168 417 243 78 145 1 2702
2014-15 1621 181 424 242 71 141 2 2682
2010-11 464 94 114 3265 4 107 0 4048
2011-12 513 98 122 3260 8 86 0 4086
QESCO

2012-13 510 98 136 2974 5 89 0 3812


2013-14 575 102 134 2837 2 94 0 3744
2014-15 573 109 140 3068 3 101 0 3994
2010-11 4257 1043 3447 125 82 955 163 10072
K-Electric

2011-12 4564 1128 3342 134 118 806 188 10280


Limited

2012-13 5083 1507 3445 149 111 473 174 10942


2013-14 5489 1507 3568 160 106 427 197 11454
2014-15 6161 1589 3648 166 110 411 208 12293
2010-11 30972 4682 17699 8847 353 2581 1078 66213
2011-12 30203 4562 18399 8410 363 2598 936 65472
Total in

System
PEPCO

2012-13 30321 4434 18641 7550 387 3623 27 64984


2013-14 33322 4793 20551 8129 390 3837 31 71053
2014-15 34566 4853 21085 7866 393 3846 33 72643
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

172
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 62
Total Units Purchased, Sold and Losses
DISCO Unit Purchased (GWh) Losses
Unit Sold
Year
Through CPPs, SPPs Total Unit (GWh)
Through NTDC GWh %age
etc. Purchased
2010-11 10760 486 11246 6976 4270 37.96
2011-12 10980 50 11030 7062 3968 35.98
PESCO

2012-13 10814 78 10892 7162 3730 34.25


2013-14 11250 51 11301 7471 3829 33.89
2014-15 11657 0 11657 7599 4058 34.81
2010-11 2326 0 2326 1735 591 25.41
2011-12 2071 0 2071 1466 605 29.21
TESCO

2012-13 1643 0 1643 1294 349 21.25


2013-14 1758 0 1758 1364 394 22.41
2014-15 1406 0 1406 1101 305 21.68
2010-11 8509 0 8509 7674 835 9.81
2011-12 8330 0 8330 7537 793 9.52
IESCO

2012-13 8573 0 8573 7763 810 9.45


2013-14 9049 0 9049 8192 857 9.47
2014-15 8993 0 8993 8147 846 9.41
2010-11 7316 0 7316 6439 877 11.99
2011-12 6959 0 6959 6178 782 11.23
GEPCO

2012-13 6633 0 6633 5920 713 10.75


2013-14 7671 0 7671 6828 844 11.00
2014-15 7902 0 7902 7055 847 10.72
2010-11 16995 0 16995 14741 2254 13.26
2011-12 16727 0 16727 14467 2260 13.51
LESCO

2012-13 16458 0 16458 14285 2173 13.21


2013-14 18425 0 18425 15948 2477 13.44
2014-15 19009 0 19009 16328 2681 14.10
2010-11 7522 2163 9685 8596 1089 11.24
2011-12 8725 890 9615 8580 1035 10.76
FESCO

2012-13 7125 2511 9636 8586 1050 10.89


2013-14 7811 3099 10910 9682 1228 11.26
2014-15 11246 0 11246 10006 1240 11.03
2010-11 7889 4559 12448 10189 2260 18.15
2011-12 6939 5517 12456 10049 2407 19.32
MEPCO

2012-13 9157 2790 11947 9913 2034 17.02


2013-14 13981 81 14062 11437 2625 18.66
2014-15 13820 39 13859 11711 2148 15.50
2010-11 8699 86 8785 5814 2971 33.82
2011-12 4431 248 4679 3381 1297 27.73
HESCO

2012-13 3924 926 4850 3524 1326 27.33


2013-14 4605 405 5010 3685 1326 26.46
2014-15 4965 547 5512 4020 1492 27.08
2011-12 2996 1403 4398 2666 1732 39.38
SEPCO

2012-13 4325 181 4506 2726 1780 39.51


2013-14 4129 269 4398 2702 1696 38.56
2014-15 4114 231 4346 2682 1664 38.29
2010-11 5093 19 5112 4048 1064 20.81
2011-12 5147 12 5159 4086 1073 20.80
QESCO

2012-13 4670 11 4681 3812 869 18.57


2013-14 4784 12 4796 3744 1052 21.93
2014-15 5194 0 5194 3994 1200 23.10
2010-11 75109 7313 82422 66213 16210 19.67
Total in

2011-12 73305 8119 81424 65472 15952 19.59


System
PEPCO

2012-13 73322 6497 79819 64984 14835 18.59


2013-14 83463 3916 87380 71053 16327 18.68
2014-15 88306 818 89124 72643 16481 18.49
Unit Purchased (GWh) Losses
K-Electric Limited

Unit Sold
Year Through CPPs Total Unit
K-EL Own Through NTDC (GWh) GWh %age
+ Others Purchased
2010-11 7826 5449 2183 15458 10072 5386 34.84
2011-12 8029 5684 1546 15259 10280 4979 32.63
2012-13 8567 5463 1794 15824 10942 4882 30.85
2013-14 8709 5441 1841 15991 11454 4537 28.37
2014-15 9319 5427 2069 16815 12293 4522 26.89
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

173
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 63
Units Billed and Amount Realized in DISCOs (2014-15)
Public Bulk
DISCO Unit Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Others Total
Lighting Supply
* GWh 4297 654 2020 93 14 520 2 7599
PESCO

** Rs. Mln. 45579 14559 35593 1477 199 8483 43 105933


Rs. Mln. 36756 14182 35474 1095 195 5394 43 93140
***
% 80.64 97.41 99.67 74.11 98.08 63.59 100.04 87.92
* GWh 973 6 63 52 0 7 0 1101
TESCO

** Rs. Mln. 13980 201 734 655 0 90 0 15660


Rs. Mln. 10106 62 774 447 0 79 0 11468
***
% 72.29 31.04 105.45 68.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 73.23
* GWh 3704 844 1671 93 76 1755 4 8147
IESCO

** Rs. Mln. 39306 17821 25337 1340 1158 24929 67 109958


Rs. Mln. 39104 17714 25210 1333 1158 15381 67 99967
***
% 99.49 99.40 99.50 99.48 100.00 61.70 100.00 90.91
* GWh 3987 405 2077 285 6 293 1 7055
GEPCO

** Rs. Mln. 38704 9478 33990 4028 85 4568 19 90872


Rs. Mln. 38580 9493 32988 4284 110 2714 103 88272
***
% 99.68 100.16 97.05 106.35 129.11 59.42 539.63 97.14
* GWh 6550 1235 6888 1084 94 469 8 16328
LESCO

** Rs. Mln. 77033 27315 99382 12270 1479 7875 127 225481
Rs. Mln. 75073 26964 93738 11015 1433 7792 47 216062
***
% 97.46 98.72 94.32 89.78 96.87 98.95 37.01 95.82
* GWh 4426 492 3972 788 7 317 4 10006
FESCO

** Rs. Mln. 43259 11167 58430 10236 154 4861 74 128180


Rs. Mln. 42812 11083 58163 11049 145 4878 126 128255
***
% 98.97 99.25 99.54 107.94 94.24 100.34 171.53 100.06
* GWh 6014 657 3071 1745 16 200 8 11711
MEPCO

** Rs. Mln. 53915 15104 47208 18722 288 3271 139 138646
Rs. Mln. 53276 15093 46654 22666 333 3407 452 141881
***
% 98.81 99.92 48.01 1.78 1184.77 13.81 324.64 102.33
* GWh 2421 271 760 416 105 43 4 4020
HESCO

** Rs. Mln. 17180 5818 13458 6597 1834 793 34 45714


Rs. Mln. 9556 5553 12657 5792 1443 225 542 35769
***
% 55.62 95.44 94.05 87.80 78.68 28.39 1612.15 78.24
* GWh 1621 181 424 242 71 141 2 2682
SEPCO

** Rs. Mln. 18095 4003 7433 3763 1046 2338 28 36706


Rs. Mln. 7012 3861 6038 2413 204 1681 12 21222
***
% 38.75 96.46 81.23 64.11 19.54 71.91 43.49 57.81
* GWh 573 109 140 3068 3 101 0 3994
QESCO

** Rs. Mln. 7147 2529 2628 51015 63 1783 1 65166


Rs. Mln. 4046 2363 2558 10395 33 1822 1 21217
***
% 56.60 93.43 97.32 20.38 51.72 102.19 100.00 32.56
* GWh 6161 1589 3648 166 110 411 208 12293
K-Electric
Limited

** Rs. Mln. 66995 38736 67722 2235 1841 7657 2249 187435
Rs. Mln. 60990 36563 61029 340 1284 7130 2050 169386
***
% 91.04 94.39 90.12 15.21 69.74 93.12 0.00 90.37
* GWh 34566 4853 21085 7866 393 3846 33 72643
Total in

System
PEPCO

** Rs. Mln. 354199 107994 324194 110103 6305 58990 532 962317
Rs. Mln. 316320 106368 314254 70488 5054 43373 1394 857251
***
% 89.31 98.49 96.93 64.02 80.15 73.53 262.08 89.08
* Unit Billed ** Amount of Billed Units *** Amount Realized and %age Recovery to Billed Amount
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

174
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 64
Average Annual Electricity Consumption per Connection (kWh)
DISCO
Public Bulk
Year Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Others Total
Lighting Supply
2010-11 1771 1992 66585 10811 24342 610619 50217 2685
2011-12 1714 2035 63117 6138 21883 592091 48913 2628
PESCO

2012-13 1654 1967 65215 4790 19961 616990 42609 2575


2013-14 1666 2150 66825 4284 13687 614157 56522 2605
2014-15 1651 2188 66567 3970 13625 585023 50638 2570
2010-11 3846 525 22081 10052 0 166667 0 3943
2011-12 3242 498 19259 8494 0 127273 0 3331
TESCO

2012-13 2958 320 10409 6083 0 109091 0 2932


2013-14 3058 355 15437 6902 0 127273 0 3090
2014-15 2429 213 15362 6063 0 127273 0 2493
2010-11 1861 2904 121982 12055 63265 780368 7870229 3585
2011-12 1750 2727 122966 11127 50465 797834 6586957 3388
IESCO

2012-13 1746 2619 118565 10967 47293 1980998 27778 3366


2013-14 1828 2622 113114 11550 47016 1878788 100000 3443
2014-15 1776 2405 111045 11353 45400 1813017 100000 3309
2010-11 1665 1532 33952 9012 16383 2042748 72857 2525
2011-12 1525 1377 31794 8793 13480 1934444 72000 2341
GEPCO

2012-13 1401 1224 29982 7401 11571 1918165 63133 2165


2013-14 1595 1310 33910 7314 11781 2073390 65000 2418
2014-15 1591 1291 34305 6705 12257 1967221 70375 2413
2010-11 2183 2509 88908 20412 51749 863921 25355 4449
2011-12 2014 2338 87007 18750 51200 849570 22180 4213
LESCO

2012-13 1895 2184 83388 17970 48540 872679 23562 3991


2013-14 2057 2316 90299 19655 47734 908024 30762 4296
2014-15 2029 2276 89131 18569 42371 957122 32110 4176
2010-11 1502 1615 75853 24521 4804 1203827 55050 2869
2011-12 1397 1479 75555 23348 4645 1342941 43204 2760
FESCO

2012-13 1349 1405 76029 18857 4756 1356746 34327 2671


2013-14 1483 1451 84311 21340 5020 1378837 37207 2944
2014-15 1469 1428 85228 19933 4960 1452110 37265 2904
2010-11 1344 1515 51136 30968 18973 395312 57037 2411
2011-12 1239 1450 55382 26757 14296 389066 56727 2271
MEPCO

2012-13 1200 1335 54544 21433 12123 378832 60536 2121


2013-14 1290 1407 60295 27688 12637 411024 71538 2353
2014-15 1334 1379 60048 22572 11526 467804 68333 2289
2010-11 2516 1569 49983 29316 115651 277717 301124 3771
2011-12 2390 1666 59658 34217 113776 267161 37079 3818
HESCO

2012-13 2583 1693 57785 28876 261656 96235 33222 3849


2013-14 2667 1812 55672 27527 262516 87298 35217 3869
2014-15 3033 1842 53123 25108 316627 80244 37216 4115
2011-12 2952 1476 36518 20845 185929 278977 87759 3878
SEPCO

2012-13 2975 1492 36256 20909 181760 284488 95556 3904


2013-14 2880 1474 35241 19580 189390 290885 65556 3794
2014-15 2788 1564 35074 19385 171966 280635 87895 3712
2010-11 1208 1005 35120 154468 16653 510286 12500 8061
2011-12 1298 1027 36829 152384 31250 389773 12500 7921
QESCO

2012-13 1264 992 39623 121486 19959 387991 12500 7185


2013-14 1389 996 37825 99092 9177 401496 10000 6821
2014-15 1352 1030 38230 98518 11781 424370 15000 7070
2010-11 2607 2304 167371 55979 1438596 652322 54333333 4774
K-Electric
Limited

2011-12 2750 2471 162731 52839 1761194 1905437 62666667 4804


2012-13 3061 3332 168361 56957 1681818 1288828 174000000 5121
2013-14 3327 3439 174355 66390 1432432 2113861 98500000 5425
2014-15 3633 3619 176976 66720 1428571 2075758 104000000 5696
2010-11 1788 1934 64816 31529 42078 654192 1531605 3260
2011-12 1680 1838 64245 29375 41730 648934 1209483 3111
Total in

System
PEPCO

2012-13 1620 1738 62798 25075 43362 855881 36140 2971


2013-14 1725 1819 67315 26175 42575 867801 47140 3146
2014-15 1716 1782 66913 24730 42074 860120 47369 3089
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

175
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 65
Distribution Losses (voltage category-wise)
Losses 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
DISCO of GWh % GWh % GWh % GWh % GWh %
* 627.90 5.60 600.10 5.40 391.90 3.60 379.50 3.40 379.50 3.30
PESCO ** 3514.30 33.50 3368.24 32.30 3338.60 31.80 3450.10 31.60 3681.10 32.60
*** 4269.51 37.96 3968.49 35.98 3730.35 34.25 3829.47 33.89 4058.39 34.81
* 224.93 2.94 196.03 2.92 52.03 2.86 98.48 5.60 90.06 4.63
TESCO ** 239.19 21.10 474.56 24.50 313.45 19.50 305.65 18.30 230.20 17.30
*** 590.96 25.41 604.78 29.21 349.15 21.25 393.98 22.41 304.80 21.68
* 170.00 2.00 147.00 1.80 151.00 1.80 151.00 1.67 177.00 1.96
IESCO ** 659.00 7.90 644.79 7.90 657.00 7.80 705.00 7.93 669.00 7.54
*** 835.00 9.81 793.00 9.52 810.00 9.45 857.00 9.47 846.00 9.41
* 135.22 1.85 114.00 1.64 103.00 1.55 141.00 1.84 127.00 1.61
GEPCO ** 740.56 10.31 667.33 9.75 610.00 9.35 703.00 9.33 720.00 9.25
*** 877.00 11.99 781.56 11.23 713.18 10.75 843.84 11.00 846.99 10.72
* 30.70 0.20 178.00 0.80 102.80 0.60 145.90 0.80 273.80 1.14
LESCO ** 2223.47 13.10 2117.85 12.80 2070.60 12.70 2330.80 12.80 2407.10 12.80
*** 2254.15 13.26 2260.40 13.51 2173.33 13.21 2476.69 13.44 2680.64 14.10
* 157.92 1.60 107.84 1.10 137.00 1.30 211.87 1.90  n.p.  n.p.
FESCO ** 931.07 9.80 928.39 9.80 912.46 9.60 1016.30 9.50  n.p.  n.p.
*** 1088.63 11.24 1034.59 10.76 1049.76 10.89 1228.29 11.26 1240.13 11.03
* 479.76 3.80 465.43 3.65 309.08 2.62 483.76 3.50 417.14 3.00
MEPCO ** 1802.43 15.00 1769.01 14.76 1724.84 14.82 1937.94 14.50 1933.38 14.20
*** 2259.72 18.15 2406.82 19.32 2033.93 17.02 2624.52 18.66 2147.70 15.50
* 360.74 4.13 180.37 3.90 171.87 3.50 163.03 3.30 244.83 4.40
HESCO ** 2572.06 30.70 1116.96 24.80 1153.82 24.70 1162.06 24.00 1247.29 23.70
*** 2970.78 33.82 1297.38 27.73 1325.71 27.33 1325.50 26.46 1492.44 27.08
* - - 193.35 4.24 179.79 3.99 125.07 2.84 113.82 2.62
SEPCO ** - - 1513.24 35.29 1548.69 36.23 1507.07 35.81 1481.54 35.59
*** - - 1732.02 39.38 1780.39 39.51 1695.85 38.56 1664.08 38.29
* 368.77 7.25 335.11 6.50 248.62 5.00 160.48 3.24 75.80 1.40
QESCO ** 666.64 14.10 737.48 15.30 869.13 18.60 1051.51 21.90 1215.20 23.30
*** 1063.90 20.81 1072.99 20.80 869.31 18.57 1051.52 21.93 1199.70 23.10
* - - - 1.53 189.00 1.25 200.00 1.31 226.00 1.40
K-Electric ** - - - 28.60 4028.00 26.90 3678.00 24.30 3590.00 22.60
Limited
*** 5386.41 34.84 4978.71 32.63 4882.00 30.85 4537.00 28.37 4522.00 26.89
*132 kV system (including 66 & 33 kV) ** 11 kV and below system ***Overall system
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

176
State of Industry Report 2015

Figure 65: Distribution Losses (%) (2014-15)


40.00
35.00
30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
PESCO TESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO
PESCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO
MEPCO HESCOSEPCO
SEPCO QESCO K-Electric
K-Electric
132 kV system 11 kV and below system Overall system
(including 66 & 33 kV)

TABLE 66
Status of Distribution Lines (km)
Total LT
As on 30th Total HT
DISCO 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV Lines
June Lines (0.4 kV)
2011 1960 860 311 31698 34829 42932
2012 2033 861 311 32432 35637 43316
PESCO 2013 2080 861 311 33006 36258 43560
2014 2147 841 171 33337 36496 43801
2015 2164 841 171 33337 36513 43957
2011 259 383 805 7347 8794 6378
2012 259 383 805 7347 8794 6378
TESCO 2013 259 383 805 7363 8810 6380
2014 259 383 805 7363 8810 6380
2015 259 383 805 7367 8814 6380
2011 2480 581 153 22547 25761 25164
2012 2605 581 153 23012 26351 25477
IESCO 2013 2702 581 153 23409 26845 25800
2014 2717 581 153 23596 27047 26009
2015 2772 581 153 24272 27778 26145
2011 1969 509 0 20096 22574 16997
2012 1969 509 0 20990 23468 17380
GEPCO 2013 1897 416 0 21971 24284 17955
2014 2054 332 0 22216 24602 18087
2015 2233 447 0 22402 25082 18087
2011 0 0 0 25522 25522 14487
2012 0 0 0 25918 25918 14568
LESCO 2013 2519 0 0 26297 28816 14647
2014 2572 0 0 26657 29229 14730
2015 2252 429 0 26657 29338 14808
2011 1588 1298 0 36204 39090 24217
2012 1658 1296 0 36900 39854 24880
FESCO 2013 1705 1292 0 37644 40641 25429
2014 1844 1260 0 38093 41197 25770
2015 1865 1260 0 38614 41739 25900
2011 2923 1314 0 66223 70460 44592
2012 2937 1314 0 67221 71472 45121
MEPCO 2013 2987 1266 0 68647 72900 45970
2014 3169 1154 0 69453 73776 46251
2015 3286 1154 0 71101 75541 46866
Continued.....

177
State of Industry Report 2015
Total LT
As on 30th Total HT
DISCO 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV Lines
June Lines (0.4 kV)
2011 3876 1725 0 48059 53660 26442
2012 1900 969 0 25414 28283 13745
HESCO 2013 1939 975 0 26196 29110 14132
2014 2067 975 0 26612 29654 14392
2015 2133 975 0 26913 30021 14687
2012 1976 756 0 23098 25830 12991
2013 1887 753 0 23814 26454 13272
SEPCO
2014 1900 753 0 24277 26930 13471
2015 1995 753 0 24277 27025 13471
2011 3054 636 985 29503 34178 12749
2012 3985 636 985 31139 36745 13629
QESCO 2013 4299 491 985 32153 37928 14042
2014 4299 491 985 33425 39200 14373
2015 4299 491 985 33425 39200 14654
2011 761 149 0 n.p. n.p. n.p.
2012 761 149 0 n.p. n.p. n.p.
K-Electric 2013 761 149 0 8071 8981 n.p.
Limited
2014 761 149 0 8335 9245 17645
2015 761 149 0 8834 9744 n.p.
2011 18109 7306 2254 287199 314868 213958
Total in 2012 19322 7305 2254 293471 322352 217485
PEPCO 2013 22274 7018 2254 300500 332046 221187
System 2014 23028 6770 2114 305029 336941 223264
2015 23258 7314 2114 308365 341051 224955
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

TABLE 67
Feeders Outages Statistics of DISCOs (2014-15)
132 kV Feeders 66 kV Feeders 33 kV Feeders 11 kV Feeders All Feeders
DISCO

Nature of
Tripping No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration
Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.)

Planned 1282 136708 414 20926 3 910 165354 7417268 167053 7575812
PESCO

Forced 285 68070 142 32397 37 1438 36436 2793641 36900 2895546
Total 1567 204778 556 53323 40 2348 201790 10210909 203953 10471358
Planned 33 3805 3900 3410 31 2380 2922 28850 6886 38445
TESCO

Forced 32 2425 35 2845 27 2690 745 24870 839 32830


Total 65 6230 3935 6255 58 5070 3667 53720 7725 71275
Planned 72 27560 12 1420 21 1016 742160 44529600 742265 44559596
IESCO

Forced 240 21600 111 9990 241 21690 12782 1046079 13374 1099359
Total 312 49160 123 11410 262 22706 754942 45575679 755639 45658955
Planned 10 3420 3 720 0 0 1458 207440 1471 207453
GEPCO

Forced 3350 545889 258 17892 0 0 7492 200855 11100 764636


Total 3360 545899 3678 17895 720 0 8950 408295 12571 972089
Planned 251 105926 10 3120 0 0 14526 4183920 14787 4292966
LESCO

Forced 4824 321366 899 72696 0 0 20913 673260 26636 1067322


Total 5075 427292 909 75816 0 0 35439 4857180 41423 5360288
Planned 239 59204 100 24637 0 0 4007 624800 4346 708641
FESCO

Forced 95 12422 70 5518 0 0 53312 670197 53477 688137


Total 334 71626 170 30155 0 0 57319 1294997 57823 1396778
Planned 838 238233 132 77659 0 0 3000 584167 3970 900059
MEPCO

Forced 2034 660760 2472 878057 0 0 138635 1179900 143141 2718717


Total 2872 898993 2604 955716 0 0 141635 1764067 147111 3618776
Continued.....

178
State of Industry Report 2015

132 kV Feeders 66 kV Feeders 33 kV Feeders 11 kV Feeders All Feeders

DISCO
Nature of
Tripping No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration No. of Duration
Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.) Tripping (Min.)

Planned 79 26278 19 5470 0 0 298 72960 396 104708


HESCO

Forced 516 84995 72 22381 0 0 34040 37440 34628 144816

Total 595 111273 91 27851 0 0 34338 110400 35024 249524

Planned 230 103501 46 3443 0 0 45091 134795 45367 241739


SEPCO

Forced 163 38951 122 4098 0 0 33234 668776 33519 711825

Total 393 142452 168 7541 0 0 78325 803571 78886 953564

Planned 299 64848             299 64848


QESCO

Forced                 0 0

Total 299 64848 0 0 0 0 0 0 299 64848

Planned 12 3662 0 0         12 3662


K-Electric
Limited

Forced 39 5190 0 0         39 5190

Total 51 8852 0 0 0 0 0 0 51 8852


Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

TABLE 68
Overloaded and Underutilized Distribution Feeders
Number of Overloaded Feeders Number of Underutilized Feeders
DISCO Year (Above Designed Capacity) (10% Below Designed Capacity)
132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV
2010-11 15 1 1 74 20 4 0 109
2011-12 12 0 0 66 23 3 1 110
PESCO

2012-13 17 0 0 71 19 2 2 121
2013-14 20 0 0 16 15 0 1 72
2014-15 3 1 1 59 6 0 0 59
2010-11 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
2011-12 1 2 0 0 3 2 0 73
TESCO

2012-13 2 2 0 0 2 2 0 72
2013-14 2 2 0 0 0 2 0 72
2014-15 2 2 0 0 2 1 0 28
2010-11 11 0 0 23 0 0 0 206
2011-12 11 0 0 30 4 0 0 219
IESCO

2012-13 11 0 0 35 5 0 0 62
2013-14 0 0 0 36 5 0 0 68
2014-15 1 0 0 12 5 0 0 60
2010-11 3 0 0 2 5 0 0 59
2011-12 9 0 0 4 2 0 0 8
GEPCO

2012-13 3 0 0 58 6 1 0 562
2013-14 5 0 0 45 9 1 0 589
2014-15 2 0 0 2 3 0 0 81
Continued.....

179
State of Industry Report 2015

Number of Overloaded Feeders Number of Underutilized Feeders


DISCO Year (Above Designed Capacity) (10% Below Designed Capacity)
132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV 11 kV
2010-11 0 0 0 16 0 0 0 90
2011-12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 128
LESCO

2012-13 75 0 0 67 2 0 0 258
2013-14 80 0 0 0 19 0 0 0
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2010-11 2 0 0 117 3 0 0 362
2011-12 0 0 0 126 3 0 0 142
FESCO

2012-13 3 0 0 142 4 0 0 396


2013-14 2 0 0 248 6 0 0 107
2014-15 1 0 0 0 12 0 0 0
2010-11 6 0 0 0 33 10 0 57
2011-12 9 0 0 123 32 10 0 52
MEPCO

2012-13 10 0 0 130 30 7 0 152


2013-14 8 1 0 237 28 6 0 571
2014-15 5 1 0 436 15 0 0 420
2010-11 2 2 0 0 10 2 0 0
2011-12 0 0 0 0 6 1 0 0
HESCO

2012-13 1 0 0 0 5 0 0 0
2013-14 5 0 0 14 8 1 0 51
2014-15 4 0 0 24 10 0 0 47
2011-12 10 1 0 87 2 1 0 23
SEPCO

2012-13 3 1 0 98 7 1 0 31
2013-14 4 2 0 84 5 0 0 52
2014-15 4 1 0 125 4 0 0 21
2010-11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
2011-12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
QESCO

2012-13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
2013-14 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 13
2014-15 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 17
2010-11 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
K-Electric

2011-12 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.


Limited

2012-13 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.


2013-14 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
2014-15 n.p. n.p. n.p. 25 n.p. n.p. n.p. 69
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

180
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 69
Number of Circles, Divisions, Sub-Divisions and Feeders
As on 30th 11 kV
DISCO Circles Divisions Sub-Divisions
June Feeders
2012 6 32 145 720
2013 6 33 147 754
PESCO
2014 6 33 147 789
2015 6 34 149 841
2012 1 6 18 158
2013 1 6 18 158
TESCO
2014 1 6 18 173
2015 1 6 18 188
2012 5 19 101 836
2013 5 19 105 886
IESCO
2014 5 19 105 966
2015 5 19 108 965
2012 4 23 114 692
2013 4 23 115 705
GEPCO
2014 4 23 115 725
2015 5 24 115 745
2012 7 33 163 1258
2013 7 33 164 1341
LESCO
2014 7 33 164 1437
2015 7 33 164 1540
2012 4 21 118 813
2013 4 21 118 850
FESCO
2014 4 21 118 900
2015 4 24 130 937
2012 8 35 152 925
2013 8 35 154 972
MEPCO
2014 8 35 160 1039
2015 8 35 160 1104
2012 3 14 62 412
2013 3 14 62 442
HESCO
2014 3 14 62 410*
2015 4 15 67 421
2012 3 13 55 378
2013 3 13 55 398
SEPCO
2014 3 13 55 413
2015 3 16 60 433
2012 3 11 41 528
2013 4 12 43 551
QESCO
2014 4 13 44 550
2015 4 14 46 570
2012 44 207 969 6720
Total in 2013 45 209 981 7057
PEPCO
System 2014 45 210 988 7402
2015 47 220 1017 7744
As on 30th
  IBCs VIBCs Feeders
June
2012 8 20 1307
K-Electric 2013 17 11 1321
Limited 2014 28 0 1375
2015 28 0 1431
* 32 feeders dismantled due to flood and cyclonic effects.
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

181
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 70
Status of Grid Stations (Nos.)
As on 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV
DISCO

30th DISCO Cons. Sub- DISCO Cons. Sub- DISCO Cons. Sub- Total
June Owned Owned Total Owned Owned Total Owned Owned Total
2011 62 9 71 19 0 19 5 0 5 95
2012 64 9 73 18 0 18 4 0 4 95
PESCO

2013 65 9 74 17 0 17 4 0 4 95
2014 67 9 76 17 0 17 4 0 4 97
2015 67 9 76 17 0 17 4 0 4 97
2011 7 0 7 8 1 9 0 0 0 16
2012 7 0 7 8 0 8 0 0 0 15
TESCO

2013 7 0 7 8 0 8 0 0 0 15
2014 7 0 7 8 0 8 0 0 0 15
2015 7 0 7 8 0 8 0 0 0 15
2011 58 20 78 10 1 11 5 0 5 94
2012 62 20 82 9 1 10 5 0 5 97
IESCO

2013 66 20 86 7 1 8 5 0 5 99
2014 73 20 93 7 1 8 3 0 3 104
2015 78 22 100 4 1 5 3 0 3 108
2011 41 0 41 8 0 8 0 0 0 49
2012 41 0 41 8 0 8 0 0 0 49
GEPCO

2013 41 0 41 8 0 8 0 0 0 49
2014 50 0 50 5 0 5 0 0 0 55
2015 52 0 52 4 0 4 0 0 0 56
2011 81 26 107 8 0 8 0 0 0 115
2012 82 25 107 8 0 8 0 0 0 115
LESCO

2013 90 26 116 0 0 0 0 0 0 116


2014 85 31 116 8 0 8 0 0 0 124
2015 89 34 123 7 0 7 0 0 0 130
2011 55 15 70 26 0 26 0 0 0 96
2012 55 15 70 26 0 26 0 0 0 96
FESCO

2013 58 16 74 24 0 24 0 0 0 98
2014 60 16 76 23 0 23 0 0 0 99
2015 62 18 80 23 0 23 0 0 0 103
2011 78 7 85 27 0 27 0 0 0 112
2012 82 7 89 26 0 26 0 0 0 115
MEPCO

2013 88 8 96 24 0 24 0 0 0 120
2014 92 8 100 22 0 22 0 0 0 122
2015 96 8 104 21 0 21 0 0 0 125
2011 89 6 95 34 1 35 0 0 0 130
2012 47 4 51 22 0 22 0 0 0 73
HESCO

2013 48 5 53 22 0 22 0 0 0 75
2014 52 6 58 19 0 19 0 0 0 77
2015 53 6 59 18 0 18 0 0 0 77
2012 43 0 43 13 0 13 0 0 0 56
SEPCO

2013 46 1 47 13 1 14 0 0 0 61
2014 47 1 48 12 1 13 0 0 0 61
2015 51 1 52 12 1 13 0 0 0 65
2011 52 0 52 10 0 10 26 0 26 88
2012 55 0 55 10 0 10 26 0 26 91
QESCO

2013 56 0 56 10 0 10 26 0 26 92
2014 56 0 56 10 0 10 26 0 26 92
2015 58 0 58 10 0 10 25 0 25 93
2011 50 5 55 3 0 3 0 0 0 58
K-Electric

2012 51 8 59 3 0 3 0 0 0 62
Limited

2013 52 9 61 3 0 3 0 0 0 64
2014 53 9 62 3 0 3 0 0 0 65
2015 54 9 63 3 0 3 0 0 0 66
2011 523 83 606 150 3 153 36 0 36 795
2012 538 80 618 148 1 149 35 0 35 802
Total in

System
PEPCO

2013 565 85 650 133 2 135 35 0 35 820


2014 589 91 680 131 2 133 33 0 33 846
2015 613 98 711 124 2 126 32 0 32 869
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

182
TABLE 71
DISCO’s Power Transformers, Capacities and Loading Positions of Power Transformers
No. of Power Capacity of Power No. of Over-Loaded Power
DISCO Year Transformers Transformers (MVA) Transformers (above 80%)
132 kV 66 kV 33 kV Total 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV Total 132 kV 66 kV 33 kV Total
PESCO 2014-15 176 29 7 212 4,558.90 282.50 25.50 4,866.90 95 16 4 115
TESCO 2014-15 17 17 0 34 344.30 184.00 0.00 528.30 8 10 0 18
IESCO 2014-15 168 10 7 185 4,048.30 104.30 30.00 4,182.60 65 2 4 71
GEPCO 2014-15 149 149 3,800.30     3,800.30 78     78
LESCO 2014-15       -       -       -
FESCO 2014-15 146 39 0 185 3,984.00 422.45 0.00 4,406.45 95 20 0 115
MEPCO 2014-15 220 36 0 256 5,725.25 383.34 0.00 6,108.59 107 22 0 129
HESCO 2014-15 91 23 0 114 1,867.90 224.10 0.00 2,092.00 61 6 0 67
SEPCO 2014-15 90 24 0 114 1,957.10 237.40 0.00 2,194.50 56 14 0 70
QESCO 2014-15 118 14 0 132 2,596.60 109.50 0.00 2,706.10 63 9 0 72
K-Electric
2014-15 126 3 0 129 4,651.50 69.00 0.00 4,720.50 42 0 0 42
Limited
Total in
PEPCO 2014-15 1,175 192 14 1,381 28,883 1,948 56 30,885.74 628 99 8 735
System
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL
State of Industry Report 2015

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 72
DISCO’s Number of 11 kV Feeders and Loading Positions of 11 kV Feeders
No. of 11 kV Loading Position of 11 kV Feeders (Nos.)
DISCO Year
Feeders Above 80% Above 90% Above 100%
PESCO 2014-15 841 103 146 194
TESCO 2014-15 188 41 42 -
IESCO 2014-15 965 63 40 12
GEPCO 2014-15 745 206 116 36
LESCO 2014-15 1,540 124 187 62
FESCO 2014-15 937 110 59 23
MEPCO 2014-15 1,104 114 304 9
HESCO 2014-15 421 15 47 24
SEPCO 2014-15 433 40 45 100
QESCO 2014-15 570 23 17 45
K-Electric
2014-15 1,431 156 69 40
Limited
Total in PEPCO
2014-15 7,744 839 1,003 505
System
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

TABLE 73
DISCO’s Number of Distribution Transformers, Capacities and
Loading Positions of Distribution Transformers
Capacity of Loading Position of Distribution
No. of Transformers (Nos.)
Distribution
DISCO Year Distribution
Transformers Above
Transformers Above 80% Above 90%
(kVA) 100%
PESCO 2014-15 58,458 4,461,200
TESCO 2014-15 15,634 1,200,000
IESCO 2014-15 44,811 3,707,000 1,441 958 34
GEPCO 2014-15 58,193 3,587,000 2,597 2,308 1,731
LESCO 2014-15 96,268 7,501,615 19,254 9,627 9,627
FESCO 2014-15 93,292 5,655,690 2,241 847 399
MEPCO 2014-15 149,368 7,392,855 3,965 1,652 991
HESCO 2014-15 34,443 1,687,795 3,986 2,029 1,207
SEPCO 2014-15 35,818 1,899,210 8,872 3,922 1,979
QESCO 2014-15 51,886 2,571,468 4,125 2,350 1,807
K-Electric Limited 2014-15 20,979 6,047,850 468 185 76
Total in PEPCO 2014-15 638,171 39,663,833 46,481 23,693 17,775
System
Source: Distribution Companies / KEL

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 74
Village Electrification in all Distribution Companies
Total Number of Percentage of Total Electrified
DISCO Year Total Villages Electrified
Villages Villages
2011 24667 18927 76.73
2012 25413 19651 77.33
PESCO 2013 26017 20274 77.93
2014 26387 20554 77.89
2015 n.p. n.p. ...... 
2011 522 522 100.00
2012 39 38 97.44
TESCO 2013 39 38 97.44
2014 58 38 65.52
2015 187 93 49.73
2011 1176 988 84.01
2012 1503 1341 89.22
IESCO 2013 2717 2109 77.62
2014 2717 2109 77.62
2015 3144 2323 73.89
2011 9286 8698 93.67
2012 6331 6331 100.00
GEPCO 2013 6804 6804 100.00
2014 6854 6854 100.00
2015 6977 6889 98.74
2011 2886 812 28.14
2012 410 406 99.02
LESCO 2013 3686 2543 68.99
2014 3913 2728 69.72
2015 3913 2859 73.06
2011 20893 19166 91.73
2012 21756 20161 92.67
FESCO 2013 22657 21209 93.61
2014 22930 21505 93.79
2015 23277 21831 93.79
2011 57358 44937 78.34
2012 15092 14954 99.09
MEPCO 2013 21325 19902 93.33
2014 25055 21240 84.77
2015 26310 22287 84.71
2011 46730 29114 62.30
2012 46730 30454 65.17
HESCO 2013 23803 15961 67.05
2014 23803 16424 69.00
2015 23803 17010 71.46
2012 n.p n.p ---
2013 22927 15795 68.89
SEPCO
2014 23263 16189 69.59
2015 23263 16515 70.99
2011 17123 12938 75.56
2012 17123 14863 86.80
QESCO 2013 17123 16016 93.54
2014 23819 17517 73.54
2015 23819 18017 75.64
2011 889 510 57.37
2012 889 563 63.33
K-Electric
2013 889 636 71.54
Limited
2014 889 661 74.35
2015 889 702 78.97
Source: Distribution Companies / K-EL

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 75
Applications of New Connections Received, Energized and Pending
Applications Connection Applications
DISCO Year
Received (Nos.) Sanctioned (Nos.) Load (kW) Pending (Nos.)
2010-11 112499 83456 221989 29043
2011-12 80824 54701 100239 26123
PESCO 2012-13 80374 89626 169208 -9252
2013-14 106014 82407 188240 23607
2014-15 102861 100773 217731 2088
2010-11 131 63 964 68
2011-12 38 27 212 11
TESCO 2012-13 117 84 1844 33
2013-14 609 63 258 546
2014-15 641 162 2853 479
2010-11 92666 80119 n.p. 12547
2011-12 99516 83992 210900 15524
IESCO 2012-13 103609 85909 219208 17700
2013-14 96265 70856 211278 25409
2014-15 113855 81831 232254 32024
2010-11 122002 96795 315554 25207
2011-12 112162 86764 225697 25398
GEPCO 2012-13 109135 92599 215661 16536
2013-14 105194 94033 205952 11161
2014-15 126534 99735 241546 26799
2010-11 178611 133856 412901 44755
2011-12 166193 115206 411911 50987
LESCO 2012-13 179170 130407 460486 48763
2013-14 215984 146229 491192 69755
2014-15 244111 187150 531864 56961
2010-11 120021 123040 405570 -3019
2011-12 111944 113807 420215 -1863
FESCO 2012-13 146542 96499 252400 50043
2013-14 118884 90352 314228 28532
2014-15 125998 149562 n.p. -23564
2010-11 241676 160843 613292 80833
2011-12 271192 217886 473544 53306
MEPCO 2012-13 265242 238145 506865 27097
2013-14 258882 181169 389886 77713
2014-15 271874 249632 517342 22242
2010-11 24380 23091 41357 1289
2011-12 19072 18234 32156 838
HESCO 2012-13 39289 27918 64599 11371
2013-14 39240 36833 63415 2407
2014-15 21445 24625 83803 -3180
2011-12 7061 5197 11203 1864
2012-13 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
SEPCO
2013-14 17165 15609 85220 1556
2014-15 11832 10196 32819 1636
2010-11 13958 11381 19208 2577
2011-12 15113 13449 16737 1664
QESCO 2012-13 13619 11846 59604 1773
2013-14 23848 18460 31048 5388
2014-15 16455 13762   2693
2010-11 83682 36706 155002 46976
2011-12 50163 24898 164934 25265
K-Electric Limited 2012-13 20384 9143 138703 11241
2013-14 12174 10955 280576 1219
2014-15 25242 22266 348310 2976
Source: Distribution Companies / KESC

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State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 76
Province-wise Electricity Consumption by Economic Groups of the Country (GWh)
Khyber K-Electric
Category Year Punjab* Sindh** Balochistan## Total
Pakhtunkhwa# Limited
2010-11 21802.99 3128.25 5576.53 464.14 4257.00 35228.91
2011-12 21001.64 3346.56 5342.59 512.50 4564.00 34767.29
Domestic 2012-13 20982.13 3595.27 5233.49 510.46 5083.00 35404.35
2013-14 23593.56 3723.74 5429.75 575.25 5489.00 38811.30
2014-15 24681.41 4042.02 5269.71 573.16 6161.00 40727.30
2010-11 3660.00 386.36 541.79 93.66 1043.00 5724.81
2011-12 3502.84 394.09 566.85 98.40 1128.00 5690.18
Commercial 2012-13 3372.50 405.01 558.68 97.52 1507.00 5940.71
2013-14 3630.77 428.49 631.54 101.70 1507.00 6299.50
2014-15 3633.69 451.21 659.63 108.93 1589.00 6442.46
2010-11 14761.50 1170.36 1653.04 114.28 3447.00 21146.18
2011-12 15241.43 1180.42 1855.12 122.31 3342.00 21741.28
Industrial 2012-13 15383.60 1191.27 1930.94 135.63 3445.00 22086.44
2013-14 17177.22 1187.62 2051.72 134.24 3568.00 24118.80
2014-15 17678.02 1184.43 2082.91 140.00 3648.00 24733.36
2010-11 4423.61 783.41 375.26 3264.83 125.00 8972.11
2011-12 4163.04 772.90 214.35 3259.50 134.00 8543.79
Agricultural 2012-13 3701.78 710.95 163.26 2974.35 149.00 7699.34
2013-14 4444.24 688.83 159.42 2837.00 160.00 8289.49
2014-15 3995.48 658.24 144.61 3067.74 166.00 8032.07
2010-11 227.06 101.31 20.52 3.98 82.00 434.87
2011-12 205.29 128.82 21.27 7.50 118.00 480.88
Public
Lighting 2012-13 205.54 156.50 20.22 4.83 111.00 498.09
2013-14 211.42 162.18 14.07 2.23 106.00 495.90
2014-15 200.26 175.97 14.17 2.91 110.00 503.31
2010-11 1714.48 217.73 542.07 107.16 955.00 3536.44
2011-12 1771.05 216.45 525.08 85.75 806.00 3404.33
Bulk Supply 2012-13 2800.63 186.37 547.10 88.85 473.00 4095.95
2013-14 3005.27 191.10 546.23 93.95 427.00 4263.55
2014-15 3033.89 184.21 526.50 101.00 411.00 4256.60
2010-11 1049.09 26.80 2.31 0.05 163.00 1241.25
2011-12 925.45 8.39 2.25 0.05 188.00 1124.14
Traction/
2012-13 20.46 4.71 1.96 0.05 174.00 201.18
Others
2013-14 24.34 4.42 2.60 0.04 197.00 228.40
2014-15 25.30 5.28 2.38 0.06 208.00 241.02
2010-11 47638.73 5814.22 8711.52 4048.10 10072.00 76284.57
2011-12 46810.74 6047.63 8527.51 4086.01 10280.00 75751.89
Total 2012-13 46466.62 6250.08 8455.65 3811.69 10942.00 75926.04
2013-14 52086.81 6386.38 8835.33 3744.41 11454.00 82506.93
2014-15 53248.05 6701.36 8699.91 3993.80 12293.00 84936.12
*
Islamabad Capital Territory is included **
Consumption in K-EL Area is not included #
FATA is included
##
Area served by K-EL is excluded
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority

187
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 77
Province-wise Electricity Consumption by Economic Groups of the Country (%)
Khyber K-Electric
Category Year Punjab* Sindh** Balochistan## Total
Pakhtunkhwa# Limited
2010-11 45.77 53.80 64.01 11.47 42.27 46.18
2011-12 44.87 55.34 62.65 12.54 44.40 45.90
Domestic 2012-13 45.16 57.52 61.89 13.39 46.45 46.63
2013-14 45.30 58.31 61.45 15.36 47.92 47.04
2014-15 46.35 60.32 60.57 14.35 50.12 47.95
2010-11 7.68 6.65 6.22 2.31 10.36 7.50
2011-12 7.48 6.52 6.65 2.41 10.97 7.51
Commercial 2012-13 7.26 6.48 6.61 2.56 13.77 7.82
2013-14 6.97 6.71 7.15 2.72 13.16 7.64
2014-15 6.82 6.73 7.58 2.73 12.93 7.59
2010-11 30.99 20.13 18.98 2.82 34.22 27.72
2011-12 32.56 19.52 21.75 2.99 32.51 28.70
Industrial 2012-13 33.11 19.06 22.84 3.56 31.48 29.09
2013-14 32.98 18.60 23.22 3.59 31.15 29.23
2014-15 33.20 17.67 23.94 3.51 29.68 29.12
2010-11 9.29 13.47 4.31 80.65 1.24 11.76
2011-12 8.89 12.78 2.51 79.77 1.30 11.28
Agricultural 2012-13 7.97 11.38 1.93 78.03 1.36 10.14
2013-14 8.53 10.79 1.80 75.77 1.40 10.05
2014-15 7.50 9.82 1.66 76.81 1.35 9.46
2010-11 0.48 1.74 0.24 0.10 0.81 0.57
2011-12 0.44 2.13 0.25 0.18 1.15 0.63
Public
2012-13 0.44 2.50 0.24 0.13 1.01 0.66
Lighting
2013-14 0.41 2.54 0.16 0.06 0.93 0.60
2014-15 0.38 2.63 0.16 0.07 0.89 0.59
2010-11 3.60 3.74 6.22 2.65 9.48 4.64
2011-12 3.78 3.58 6.16 2.10 7.84 4.49
Bulk Supply 2012-13 6.03 2.98 6.47 2.33 4.32 5.39
2013-14 5.77 2.99 6.18 2.51 3.73 5.17
2014-15 5.70 2.75 6.05 2.53 3.34 5.01
2010-11 2.20 0.46 0.03 0.00 1.62 1.63
2011-12 1.98 0.14 0.03 0.00 1.83 1.48
Traction/
2012-13 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.00 1.59 0.26
Others
2013-14 0.05 0.07 0.03 0.00 1.72 0.28
2014-15 0.05 0.08 0.03 0.00 1.69 0.28
2010-11 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
2011-12 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
Total 2012-13 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
2013-14 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
2014-15 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
* Islamabad Capital Territory is included ** Consumption in K-EL Area is not included
#
FATA is included ## Area served by K-EL is excluded
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority

188
ELECTRICITY
TARIFF 14
State of Industry Report 2015

14. ELECTRICITY TARIFF


The determination of tariff for electric power services is one of the primary responsibilities of NEPRA. NEPRA
determines electricity tariff, keeping in view the principles of economic efficiency and service quality according
to the prescribed Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules, 1998. Under Section 7 (3) of the NEPRA Act, NEPRA has
been expressly conferred the power to determine tariff, rates, charges and other terms and conditions for the
supply of electric power services by generation, transmission and distribution companies and to recommend
these to the Federal Government for notification.

14.1 Tariff Setting


The procedures and standards in accordance with which tariffs are required to be determined, modified or
revised are prescribed in the NEPRA (Tariff Standards and Procedure) Rules, 1998.

14.2 Tariff Standards

i) Tariffs should allows licenses the recovery of any and all costs prudently incurred to meet the
demonstrated needs of their customers, provided that assessments of licensees’ prudence may not
be required where tariffs are set on other than cost-of-service basis, such as formula-based tariffs
that are designed to be in place for more than one year;
ii) Tariffs should generally be calculated by including a depreciation charge and a rate of return on the
capital investment of each licensee commensurate to the earned by other investments of comparable
risk;
iii) Tariffs should allow licensees a rate of return which promotes continued reasonable investment in
equipment and facilities for improved and efficient service;
iv) Tariffs should include a mechanism to allow licensees a benefit from, and penalties for failure to
achieve, the efficiencies in the cost of providing the service and the quality of service;
v) Tariffs should reflect marginal cost principles to the extent feasible, keeping in view the financial
stability of the sector;
vi) The Authority shall have a preference for competition rather than regulation and shall adopt policies
and establish tariffs towards that end;
vii) The tariff regime should clearly identify interclass and inter-region subsides and shall provide such
subsides transparently if found essential, with a view to minimizing if not eliminating them keeping
in view the need for an adequate transition period;
viii) Tariffs may be set below the level of cost of providing the service to consumers consuming electric
power below the consumption levels determined for the purpose from time to time by the Authority,
as long as such tariffs are financially sustainable;
ix) Tariffs should, to the extent feasible, reflect the full cost of service to consumer groups with similar
service requirements;
x) Tariff should take into account Government subsidies or the need for adjustment to finance rural
electrification in accordance with the policies of the Government;
xi) The application of the tariffs should allow reasonable transition periods for the adjustments of
tariffs to meet the standards and other requirements pursuant to the Act including the performance
standards, industry standards and the uniform codes of conduct;
xii) Tariffs should seek to provide stability and predict ability for customers; and
xiii) Tariffs should be comprehensible, free of misinterpretation and shall state explicitly each component
thereof.

NEPRA is required to determine electricity tariff so as to protect the interest of the consumers as well as
electric power producers/suppliers. Any raise in tariff requested by the producers/ suppliers of electricity has
to be allowed or rejected by NEPRA after analyzing all the costs involved in the proposed sale price. For any
determination of tariff, the following points are generally considered by NEPRA in addition to other points on
case-to-case basis:

191
State of Industry Report 2015

i) Utility should be able to recover its costs with some surplus for capacity expansion or return on
equity.
ii) The average sale rate should provide for reasonable rate of return.

TABLE 78
NEPRA’s Monthly Fuel Price Adjustments in respect of DISCOs
PESCO TESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO HESCO SEPCO QESCO
Month
Increase/(Decrease) Rs./kWh
July, 2014 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43
August, 2014 (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30) (0.30)
September, 2014 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52
October, 2014 (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48) (0.48)
November, 2014 (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97) (2.97)
December, 2014 (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24) (3.24)
January, 2015 (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08) (2.08)
February, 2015 (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43) (4.43)
March, 2015 (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62) (3.62)
April, 2015 (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86) (1.86)
May, 2015 (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69) (2.69)
June, 2015 (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20) (2.20)
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad

192
TABLE 79
Comparison of Proposed NEPRA Tariff (2014-15)
PESCO TESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO HESCO SEPCO QESCO
PARTICULARS *
Variable Charges (Rs./kWh)
RESIDENTIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW
Up to 50 Units 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00
For Consumption exceeding 50 Units
01-100 Units 12.50 14.30 9.00 11.82 9.25 9.00 9.52 9.79 11.00 12.50
101-200 Units 16.50 17.30 11.00 14.00 11.00 10.20 12.00 14.00 13.52 15.00
201-300 Units 16.50 17.30 11.00 14.00 11.00 10.20 12.00 14.00 13.52 15.00
301-700 Units 17.90 18.00 13.00 17.00 13.33 14.00 15.00 15.00 16.00 17.00
Above 700 Units 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
13.30 14.50 9.25 13.00 9.50 10.00 10.50 10.20 13.00 13.00
Peak
COMMERCIAL
For Sanctioned Load less
19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 16.00 15.00 16.00 15.00 19.00 19.00
than 5 kW
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Regular 400.00 15.00 17.00 12.00 15.00 12.00 14.50 14.00 13.00 15.00 15.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
400.00 13.30 14.50 9.25 13.00 9.50 10.00 10.50 10.20 13.00 13.00
Peak
B1 less than 5 kW (at
14.50 15.00 12.00 14.50 12.00 13.00 13.50 12.50 14.50 14.50
400/230 Volts)
B1 Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
B1 Off-Peak 13.30 14.50 9.25 13.00 9.50 10.00 10.50 10.20 13.00 13.00
B2 5-500 kW (at 400 Volts) 400.00 14.00 14.50 11.50 14.00 11.50 12.50 13.00 12.00 14.00 4.00
B2 - TOU (Peak) 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
B2 - TOU (Off-Peak) 400.00 13.10 14.30 9.05 12.80 9.30 9.60 10.30 10.00 12.80 12.80
B3 - TOU (Peak) 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
B3 - TOU (Off-Peak) 380.00 13.00 14.20 8.85 12.70 9.10 9.50 10.20 9.80 12.70 12.70
B4 - TOU (Peak) 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
BULK SUPPLY
C1 (a) Supply at 400 Volts
15.00 15.50 12.50 15.00 12.50 13.50 14.00 13.00 15.00 15.00
(up to 5 kW)
State of Industry Report 2015

C1 (b) Supply at 400 Volts


400.00 14.50 15.00 12.00 14.50 12.00 13.00 13.50 12.50 14.50 14.50
(exceeding 5 kW)
Continued.....

193
194
PESCO TESCO IESCO GEPCO LESCO FESCO MEPCO HESCO SEPCO QESCO
PARTICULARS *
Variable Charges (Rs./kWh)
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
400.00 13.30 14.50 9.25 13.00 9.50 10.00 10.50 10.20 13.00 13.00
Peak
C2 Supply at 11 kV 380.00 14.30 14.80 11.80 14.30 11.80 12.80 13.30 12.30 14.30 14.30
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
380.00 13.10 14.30 9.05 12.80 9.30 9.60 10.30 10.00 12.80 12.80
Peak
State of Industry Report 2015

C3 Supply above 11 kV 360.00 14.20 14.70 11.70 14.20 11.70 12.70 13.20 12.20 14.20 14.20
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
360.00 13.00 14.20 8.85 12.70 9.10 9.50 10.20 9.80 12.70 12.70
Peak
AGRICULTURAL
SCARP 14.50 15.00 12.00 14.50 12.00 13.00 13.50 12.50 15.50 15.20
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
200.00 13.00 14.20 8.85 12.70 9.10 9.50 10.20 9.80 12.70 12.70
Peak
Agricultural Tube-wells 200.00 14.00 14.50 11.50 14.00 11.50 12.50 13.00 12.00 15.00 14.70
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00 19.00 15.00 19.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 19.00 19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
200.00 13.00 14.20 8.85 12.70 9.10 9.50 10.20 9.80 12.70 12.70
Peak
PUBLIC LIGHTING 14.00 15.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00
RESIDENTIAL COLONIES
ATTACHED. TO 14.00 15.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00
INDUSTRIES
Railway Traction         14.00   14.00      
Special Contracts - AJ&K 360.00 14.00   11.24 14.00            
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak 19.00   15.00 19.00            
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-
360.00 13.30   8.85 12.70            
Peak
Special Contracts - Rawat
    14.00              
Lab.*
* Fixed Charges (Rs./kW/Month)
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad
TABLE 80
Statement of GOP Applicable (Notified) Tariff
with effect
with effect from with effect from w.e.f 05-08-2013 with effect from with effect from with effect from
PARTICULARS from
15-03-2011 06-05-2011 except PESCO 11-10-2013 01-10-2014* 10-06-2015**
16-05-2012
*** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** ****
RESIDENTIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW   2.00   2.00   2.00
Up to 50 Units   1.87   1.87   2.00   2.00            
For Consumption exceeding 50 Units
01-100 Units   4.45   4.54   5.79   5.79   5.79   5.79   5.79
101-200 Units                   8.11   8.11   8.11
201-300 Units   6.73   6.86   8.11   8.11   12.09   12.09   10.20
301-700 Units   10.65   10.65   12.33   12.33   16.00   16.00   16.00
Above 700 Units   13.29   13.29   15.07   15.07   18.00   18.00   18.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.25   12.25   13.99   13.99   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak   6.70   6.70   8.22   8.22   12.50   12.50   12.50
COMMERCIAL 
For Sanctioned Load less than
13.00   13.00   14.77   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
5 kW  
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above 
Regular 360 8.14 367 8.14 400 9.72 400 16.00 400 16.00 400 16.00 400 16.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   11.49   11.49   13.20   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 360 6.50 367 6.50 400 8.01 400 12.50 400 12.50 400 12.50 400 12.50
INDUSTRIAL 
B1 up to 25 kW (at 400/230
  8.90   8.90   10.51   14.50   14.50   14.50   14.50
Volts)
B2 25-500 kW (at 400 Volts) 360 7.59 367 7.59 400 9.14 400 14.00 400 14.00 400 14.00 400 18.00
B1 - TOU (Peak)   12.25   12.25   13.99   18.00   18.00   18.00   12.50
B1 - TOU (Off-Peak)   6.70   6.70   8.22   12.50   12.50   12.50   14.00
B2 - TOU (Peak)   11.08   11.08   12.77   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
B2 - TOU (Off-Peak) 360 6.50 367 6.50 400 8.01 400 12.30 400 12.30 400 12.30 400 12.29
B3 - TOU (Peak) (up to 5000 kW
  10.99   10.99   12.68   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
at 11 kV, 33 kV)
B3 - TOU (Off-Peak) 349 6.25 356 6.25 380 7.75 380 12.20 380 12.20 380 12.20 380 12.20
B4 - TOU (Peak) (at 66 kV, 132 kV
  10.69   10.69   12.37   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
State of Industry Report 2015

and above)
B4 - TOU (Off-Peak) 336 5.97 343 5.97 360 7.46 360 12.10 360 12.10 360 12.10 360 12.10
Continued.....

195
196
with effect
with effect from with effect from w.e.f 05-08-2013 with effect from with effect from with effect from
PARTICULARS from
15-03-2011 06-05-2011 except PESCO 11-10-2013 01-10-2014* 10-06-2015**
16-05-2012
*** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** **** *** ****
BULK SUPPLY 
C1 (a) Supply at 400 Volts - less
  9.90   9.90   11.55   15.00   15.00   15.00   15.00
than 5 kW
C1 (b) Supply at 400 Volts - 5 kW
360 8.75 367 8.75 400 10.35 400 14.50 400 14.50 400 14.50 400 14.50
and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   11.31   11.31   13.01   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 360 6.50 367 6.50 400 8.01 400 12.50 400 12.50 400 12.50 400 12.50
C2 Supply at 11 kV 349 8.65 356 8.65 380 10.25 380 14.30 380 14.30 380 14.30 380 14.30
State of Industry Report 2015

Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   10.91   10.91   12.60   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 349 6.25 356 6.25 380 7.75 380 12.30 380 12.30 380 12.30 380 12.30
C3 Supply above 11 kV 336 8.51 343 8.51 360 10.10 360 14.20 360 14.20 360 14.20 360 14.20
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   10.51   10.51   12.18   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 336 5.87 343 5.87 360 7.35 360 12.20 360 12.20 360 12.20 360 12.20
AGRICULTURAL 
SCARP   8.47   8.47   10.00   10.00   13.01   13.01   12.00
Agricultural Tube-wells 103 5.31 105 5.31 120 6.77 200 6.77 200 10.35 200 11.51 200 15.00
SCARP 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak                   17.00   17.00   8.85
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak                 200 10.00 200 10.00 200 11.50
Agricultural 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   10.11   10.11   13.00   13.00   10.35   10.35   10.35
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 200 4.55 200 4.55 200 8.00 200 8.00 200 10.35 200 10.35 200 8.85
PUBLIC LIGHTING   12.00   12.00   13.73   13.73   15.00   15.00   15.00
RESIDENTIAL COLONIES AT-
  11.22   11.22   12.92   12.92   15.00   15.00   15.00
TACHED TO INDUSTRIES
RAILWAY TRACTION   9.96   9.96   11.00   11.00   15.00   15.00   15.00
Special Contracts - AJ&K 323 4.21 343 4.21 360 5.63 360 12.22 360 12.22 360 12.22 360 12.22
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   11.59   11.59   13.30   18.00   18.00   18.00   18.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 323 6.41 343 6.41 360 7.92 360 12.20 360 12.20 360 12.20 360 12.20
Special Contracts - Rawat Lab.   8.75   8.75   11.50   11.50   15.00   15.00   15.00
* GOP Tariff with effect from 01-10-2014 also includes an amount of surcharge to be deposited in UOF. ** GOP Tariff with effect from 10-06-2015 also includes an amount of Tariff
Rationalization Surcharge. *** Fixed Charges (Rs./kW/Month) **** Variable Charges (Rs./kWh)
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 81
Comparative Tariff Statement of Peshawar Electric Supply Company Limited (PESCO)
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
PARTICULARS
* ** * ** * ** * ** * **
RESIDENTIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW
Up to 50 Units   2.00   3.00   4.00   4.00   4.00
For Consumption exceeding 50 Units
01-100 Units   9.50   11.15   15.00   13.00   12.50
101-200 Units               16.24   16.50
201-300 Units   11.00   15.50   16.50   16.24   16.50
301-700 Units   12.50   17.50   18.50   17.90   17.90
Above 700 Units   14.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   13.00   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak   7.50   11.50   15.50   13.30   13.30
COMMERCIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW   14.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Regular 400.00 12.00 400.00 17.00 400.00 19.00 400.00 16.00 400.00 15.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 400.00 7.00 400.00 11.50 400.00 15.50 400.00 13.30 400.00 13.30
INDUSTRIAL
B1 Less than 5 kW (at 400/230 Volts)   10.50   15.50   17.00   15.50   14.50
B1 Peak       19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
B1 Off-Peak       11.50   15.50   13.30   13.30
B2 5-500 kW (at 400 Volts) 400.00 9.50 400.00 14.50 400.00 16.50 400.00 15.00 400.00 14.00
B2 - TOU (Peak)   12.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
B2 - TOU (Off-Peak) 400.00 7.00 400.00 11.40 400.00 15.30 400.00 13.10 400.00 13.10
B3 - TOU (Peak) (up to 5000 kW at 11
  12.25   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
kV, 33 kV)
B3 - TOU (Off-Peak) 380.00 6.75 380.00 11.30 380.00 15.20 380.00 13.00 380.00 13.00
B4 - TOU (Peak) (at 66 kV, 132 kV and
  12.00   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
above)
B4 - TOU (Off-Peak) 360.00 6.50 360.00 11.20 360.00 15.10 360.00 12.90 360.00 12.90
BULK SUPPLY
C1 (a) Supply at 400 Volts - less than
  11.00   16.50   17.50   16.00   15.00
5 kW
C1 (b) Supply at 400 Volts - 5 kW and
400.00 10.00 400.00 15.50 400.00 16.50 400.00 15.50 400.00 14.50
above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 400.00 7.00 400.00 11.40 400.00 15.50 400.00 13.30 400.00 13.30
C2 Supply at 11 kV 380.00 9.75 380.00 15.25 380.00 16.30 380.00 15.30 380.00 14.30
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.25   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 380.00 6.75 380.00 11.30 380.00 15.40 380.00 13.10 380.00 13.10
C3 Supply above 11 kV 360.00 9.50 360.00 15.00 360.00 16.20 360.00 15.20 360.00 14.20
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.00   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 360.00 6.50 360.00 11.20 360.00 15.30 360.00 13.00 360.00 13.00
AGRICULTURAL
SCAPR   11.00   14.30   17.00   15.50   14.50
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak               19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak             200.00 13.00 200.00 13.00
Agricultural Tube-wells 200.00 8.00 200.00 13.30 200.00 16.50 200.00 15.00 200.00 14.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.50   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 200.00 6.00 200.00 11.00 200.00 15.30 200.00 13.00 200.00 13.00
PUBLIC LIGHTING   13.00   16.40   15.85   15.00   14.00
RESIDENTIAL COLONIES ATT. TO
  13.00   16.40   15.00   15.00   14.00
INDUSTRIES
Special Contracts - AJ&K 360.00 9.75 360.00 13.50 360.00 16.16 360.00 14.38 360.00 14.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   12.00   19.50   20.50   19.00   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 360.00 6.50 360.00 11.00 360.00 15.30 360.00 13.00 360.00 13.30
* Fixed Charges (Rs./kW/Month) **Variable Charges (Rs./kWh)
Source: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Islamabad 197
State of Industry Report 2015

TABLE 82
Comparative Tariff Statement of Tribal Area Electric Supply Company Limited (TESCO)
2013-14 2014-15
PARTICULARS
Fixed* Variable** Fixed* Variable**
RESIDENTIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW
Up to 50 Units   4.00   4.00
For Consumption exceeding 50 Units
01-100 Units   12.70   14.30
101-200 Units   14.50   17.30
201-300 Units   14.50   17.30
301-700 Units   16.50   18.00
Above 700 Units   17.50   19.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   17.50   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak   11.50   14.50
COMMERCIAL
For Sanctioned Load less than 5 kW   17.50   19.00
For Sanctioned Load 5 kW and above
Regular 400.00 15.00 400.00 17.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   17.50   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 400.00 11.50 400.00 14.50
INDUSTRIAL
B1 Less than 5 kW (at 400/230 Volts)   14.50   15.00
B1 Peak   17.50   19.00
B1 Off-Peak   11.50   14.50
B2 5-500 kW (at 400 Volts) 400.00 14.00 400.00 14.50
B2 - TOU (Peak)   17.50   19.00
B2 - TOU (Off-Peak) 400.00 11.30 400.00 14.30
B3 - TOU (Peak) (up to 5000 kW at 11 kV, 33 kV)   17.50   19.00
B3 - TOU (Off-Peak) 380.00 11.20 380.00 14.20
B4 - TOU (Peak) (at 66 kV, 132 kV and above)   17.50   19.00
B4 - TOU (Off-Peak) 360.00 11.10 360.00 14.10
BULK SUPPLY
C1 (a) Supply at 400 Volts - less than 5 kW   15.00   15.50
C1 (b) Supply at 400 Volts - 5 kW and above 400.00 14.50 400.00 15.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   17.50   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 400.00 11.50 400.00 14.50
C2 Supply at 11 kV 380.00 14.30 380.00 14.80
Time of Use (TOU) - Peak   17.50   19.00
Time of Use (TOU) - Off-Peak 380.00 11.30 380.00 14.30
C3 Supply above 11 kV