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Preliminary Heat Exchanger Design

Estimation of Heat Transfer Area Needed

Inputs Values Units Value Units

Fluid1 mass flow


25,000 lb/hr 11339.809 Kg/hr
rate, m1 =

Fluid1 temp. in, T1in = 338 o


F 170 C

Fluid1 temp. out, T1out = 212 o


F 100

Fluid1 sp. heat, Cp1 = 0.858 Btu/lb-oF 1.996 kJ/Kg K

Fluid2 temp. in, T2in = 95 o


F 35 C

Fluid2 temp. out, T2out = 185 o


F 85 C

Fluid2 sp. heat, Cp2 = 1.8 Btu/lb-oF 7.5312 kJ/Kg K

Overall heat transf.


coeff. estim., U = 211.5 Btu/lhr-ft2-oF 1200 W/m2 K

Equations used for calculations:

Q = + (m1)(Cp1)(T1in - T1out)

Q = + (m2)(Cp2)(T2in - T2out)

DTlm = [(T1in - T2out) - (T1out - T2in)]/ln[(T1in - T2out)/(T1out - T2in)]

Q = U A DTlm

Preliminary Heat Exchanger Design (Shell and Tube)

Determination of Size and Number of Tubes (for known heat transfer area)
Inputs Calculations

Heat Transfer Area, A = 95.24 ft2 Tube Diam. in ft, D =


(from calculations above)
Surf. Area/tube, AT =
Tube Diameter, Din = 2 in
(in inches) No. of tubes, N =

Tube Length, L = 15 ft

Equations used for calculations:

D = Din/12

AT = pDL

N = A/AT
Calculations Value Units

Heat Transfer Rate, Q = 2,702,700 Btu/hr

Log Mean Temp 134.20 o


F
Diff, DTlm =

Heat Transfer Area, A = 95.24 ft2

Fluid2 mass flow


rate, m2 = 16,714 lb/hr

Tube)

at transfer area)
0.1667 ft

7.85 ft2

12.1
Value Units

792.08 kW

56.7 C

7581.34 kg/hr