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Thermodynamics-MEC 454/ LS 4/Rev.

00-2009

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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Program : Bachelor Of Engineering ( Hons ) Mechanical


Course : Thermodynamics Lab
Code : MEC 454
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LAB SHEET NO: 4

THERMODYNAMICS LABORATORY

TITTLE : Two Shaft Gas Turbine Simulator

Problem statement:

By using the Two Shaft Gas Turbine Simulator, student needs to explore basic understanding of the
functioning of a gas turbine. Start the observation when following parameters are changed, upon
overall System Efficiency, rotation speed of HP, rotation speed of LP, torque and power that
generated by Two Shaft Gas turbine Simulator.

1. Change pressure ratio from 4 to 10 ( increment of 1 ).


2. Change load on power turbine from 30% to 100% ( increment of 10% ).
3. Change gas generator ( HP ) efficiency from 60% to 100% ( increment of 10% ).
4. Change power turbine efficiency ( LP ) from 60% to 100% ( increment of 10% ).

Discussion:

1) Plot graph Thermal efficiency versus pressure ratio. Discuss the result.
2) Plot graph Power generated versus percentage of Load. Discuss the result.
3) Plot graph Thermal efficiency versus HP efficiency. Discuss the result.
4) Plot graph Thermal efficiency versus LP efficiency. Discuss the result.
5) Make comparism from the results obtained on ( 3 ) and ( 4 ). Discuss your observation.
6) What are the advantages of two shaft system of gas turbine compare to simple gas
turbine system?
7) Student needs to prepare the lab sheet and report for this experiment.

1
Thermodynamics-MEC 454/ LS 4/Rev. 00-2009

Pressure Ratio

PSI n_HD ETA n_ND P_ND M_ND


4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Load

L n_HD ETA n_ND P_ND M_ND


30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%

Gas Generator ( HP ) Efficiency

HP n_HD ETA n_ND P_ND M_ND


60%
70%
80%
90%
100%

Power Turbine ( LP ) Efficiency

LP n_HD ETA n_ND P_ND M_ND


60%
70%
80%
90%
100%