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a 120 kHz Bandwidth, Low Distortion,

Isolation Amplifier
AD215
FEATURES FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
Isolation Voltage Rating: 1,500 V rms
Wide Bandwidth: 120 kHz, Full Power (–3 dB) FB 4
AD215
Rapid Slew Rate: 6 V/ms UNCOMMITTED
INPUT OP AMP
Fast Settling Time: 9 ms IN– 3
SIGNAL
R R
38 OUT HI
Low Harmonic Distortion: –80 dB @ 1 kHz IN+ 1
MODULATOR DEMODULATOR
LOW-PASS
FILTER
Low Nonlinearity: 60.005% IN COM 2
150kHz
T1 OUTPUT
Wide Output Range: 610 V, min (Buffered) BUFFER
36 TRIM
Built-in Isolated Power Supply: 615 V dc @ 610 mA 33kΩ 0.01µF
Performance Rated over –408C to +858C 37 OUT LO
POWER
42 +15VIN
APPLICATIONS INCLUDE +VISO 6
ISOLATED 430kHz
DC POWER 44 –15VIN
High Speed Data Acquisition Systems –VISO 5 SUPPLY OSCILLATOR
43 PWR RTN
T2
Power Line and Transient Monitors
Multichannel Muxed Input Isolation
Waveform Recording Instrumentation
Power Supply Controls
Vibration Analysis

GENERAL DESCRIPTION Flexible Input and Buffered Output Stages: An uncommit-


The AD215 is a high speed input isolation amplifier designed to ted op amp is provided on the input stage of the AD215 to
isolate and amplify wide bandwidth analog signals. The innova- allow for input buffering or amplification and signal condition-
tive circuit and transformer design of the AD215 ensures wide- ing. The AD215 also features a buffered output stage to drive
band dynamic characteristics while preserving key dc performance low impedance loads and an output voltage trim for zeroing the
specifications. output offset where needed.
The AD215 provides complete galvanic isolation between the High Accuracy: The AD215 has a typical nonlinearity of
input and output of the device including the user-available ± 0.005% (B grade) of full-scale range and the total harmonic
front-end isolated power supplies. The functionally complete distortion is typically –80 dB at 1 kHz. The AD215 provides
design, powered by a ± 15 V dc supply, eliminates the need for a designers with complete isolation of the desired signal without
user supplied isolated dc/dc converter. This permits the designer loss of signal integrity or quality.
to minimize circuit overhead and reduce overall system design Excellent Common-Mode Performance: The AD215BY
complexity and component costs. (AD215AY) provides 1,500 V rms (750 V rms) common-mode
The design of the AD215 emphasizes maximum flexibility and voltage protection from its input to output. Both grades feature
ease of use in a broad range of applications where fast analog a low common-mode capacitance of 4.5 pF inclusive of the
signals must be measured under high common-mode voltage dc/dc power isolation. This results in a typical common-mode
(CMV) conditions. The AD215 has a ± 10 V input/output rejection specification of 105 dB and a low leakage current of
range, a specified gain range of 1 V/V to 10 V/V, a buffered out- 2.0 µA rms max (240 V rms, 60 Hz).
put with offset trim and a user-available isolated front-end Isolated Power: An unregulated isolated power supply of
power supply which produces ± 15 V dc at ± 10 mA. ± 15 V dc @ ± 10 mA is available at the isolated input port of
the AD215. This permits the use of ancillary isolated front-end
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS amplifiers or signal conditioning components without the need
High Speed Dynamic Characteristics: The AD215 features for a separate dc/dc supply. Even the excitation of transducers
a typical full-power bandwidth of 120 kHz (100 kHz min), rise can be accomplished in most applications.
time of 3 µs and settling time of 9 µs. The high speed perfor-
mance of the AD215 allows for unsurpassed galvanic isolation Rated Performance over the –408C to +858C Temperature
of virtually any wideband dynamic signal. Range: With an extended industrial temperature range rating,
the AD215 is an ideal isolation solution for use in many indus-
trial environments.

REV. 0
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and © Analog Devices, Inc., 1996
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties
which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Tel: 617/329-4700 Fax: 617/326-8703
AD215* PRODUCT PAGE QUICK LINKS
Last Content Update: 02/23/2017

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DOCUMENTATION SAMPLE AND BUY


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• AD215: 120 kHz Bandwidth, Low Distortion, Isolation
Amplifier Data Sheet TECHNICAL SUPPORT
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• AD215 Material Declaration
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AD215–SPECIFICATIONS (Typical @ +258C, V = 615 V dc, 2 kV output load, unless otherwise noted.)
S

AD215AY/BY
Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units
GAIN
Range1 1 10 V/V
Error G = 1 V/V, No Load on VISO ± 0.5 ±2 %
vs. Temperature 0°C to +85°C +15 ppm/°C
–40°C to 0°C +50 ppm/°C
vs. Supply Voltage ± (14.5 V dc to 16.5 V dc) +100 ppm/V
vs. Isolated Supply Load2 +20 ppm/mA
Nonlinearity3
AD215BY Grade ± 10 V Output Swing, G = 1 V/V ± 0.005 ± 0.015 %
± 10 V Output Swing, G = 10 V/V ± 0.01 %
AD215AY Grade ± 10 V Output Swing, G = 1 V/V ± 0.01 ± 0.025 %
± 10 V Output Swing, G = 10 V/V ± 0.025 %
INPUT VOLTAGE RATINGS
Input Voltage Rating G = 1 V/V ± 10 V
Maximum Safe Differential Range IN+ or IN–, to IN COM ± 15 V
CMRR of Input Op Amp 100 dB
Isolation Voltage Rating4 Input to Output, AC, 60 Hz
AD215BY Grade 100% Tested4 1500 V rms
AD215AY Grade 100% Tested4 750 V rms
IMRR (Isolation Mode Rejection Ratio) RS ≤ 100 Ω (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 60 Hz 120 dB
RS ≤ 100 Ω (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 1 kHz 100 dB
RS ≤ 100 Ω (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 10 kHz 80 dB
RS ≤ 1 kΩ (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 60 Hz 105 dB
RS ≤ 1 kΩ (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 1 kHz 85 dB
RS ≤ 1 kΩ (IN+ & IN–), G = 1 V/V, 10 kHz 65 dB
Leakage Current, Input to Output 240 V rms, 60 Hz 2 µA rms
INPUT IMPEDANCE
Differential G = 1 V/V 16 MΩ
Common Mode 2i4.5 GΩipF
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE
Initial @ +25°C ± 0.4 ± 2.0 mV
vs. Temperature 0°C to +85°C ±2 µV/°C
–40°C to 0°C ± 20 µV/°C
OUTPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE
Initial @ +25°C, Trimmable to Zero 0 –35 –80 mV
vs. Temperature 0°C to +85°C ± 30 µV/°C
–40°C to 0°C ± 80 µV/°C
vs. Supply Voltage ± 350 µV/V
vs. Isolated Supply Load2 –35 µV/mA
INPUT BIAS CURRENT
Initial @ +25°C 300 nA
vs. Temperature –40°C to +85°C ± 400 nA
INPUT DIFFERENCE CURRENT
Initial @ +25°C ±3 nA
vs. Temperature –40°C to +85°C ± 40 nA
INPUT VOLTAGE NOISE
Input Voltage Noise Frequency > 10 Hz 20 nV/√Hz
DYNAMIC RESPONSE (2 kΩ Load)
Full Signal Bandwidth (–3 dB) G = 1 V/V, 20 V pk-pk Signal 100 120 kHz
Transport Delay6 2.2 µs
Slew Rate ± 10 V Output Swing 6 V/µs
Rise Time 10% to 90%, ± 10 V Output Swing 3 µs

–2– REV. 0
AD215
AD215AY/BY
Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units
DYNAMIC RESPONSE (2 kΩ Load) Cont.
Settling Time to ± 0.10%, ± 10 V Output Swing 9 µs
Overshoot 1 %
Harmonic Distortion Components @ 1 kHz –80 dB
@ 10 kHz –65 dB
Overload Recovery Time G = 1 V/V, ± 15 V Drive 5 µs
Output Overload Recovery Time G>5 10 µs
RATED OUTPUT
Voltage Out HI to Out LO ± 10 V
Current 2 kΩ Load ±5 mA
Max Capacitive Load 500 pF
Output Resistance 1 Ω
Output Ripple and Noise7 1 MHz Bandwidth 10 mV pk-pk
50 kHz Bandwidth 2.5 mV pk-pk
ISOLATED POWER OUTPUT8
Voltage No Load ± 14.25 ± 15 ± 17.25 V
vs. Temperature 0°C to +85°C +20 mV/°C
–40°C to 0°C +25 mV/°C
Current at Rated Supply Voltage2, 9 ± 10 mA
Regulation No Load to Full Load –90 mV/V
Line Regulation 290 mV/V
Ripple 1 MHz Bandwidth, No Load2 50 mV rms
POWER SUPPLY
Supply Voltage Rated Performance ± 14.5 ± 15 ± 16.5 V dc
Operating10 ± 14.25 ± 17 V dc
Current Operating (+15 V dc/–15 V dc Supplies) +40/–18 mA
TEMPERATURE RANGE
Rated Performance –40 +85 °C
Storage –40 +85 °C
NOTES
11
The gain range of the AD215 is specified from 1 to 10 V/V. The AD215 can also be used with gains of up to 100 V/V. With a gain of 100 V/V a 20% reduction in the
–3 dB bandwidth specification occurs and the nonlinearity degrades to ± 0.02% typical.
12
When the isolated supply load exceeds ± 1 mA, external filter capacitors are required in order to ensure that the gain, offset, and nonlinearity specifications are pre-
served and to maintain the isolated supply full load ripple below the specified 50 mV rms. A value of 6.8 µF is recommended.
13
Nonlinearity is specified as a percent (of full-scale range) deviation from a best straight line.
14
The isolation barrier (and rating) of every AD215 is 100% tested in production using a 5 second partial discharge test with a failure detection threshold of 150 pC. All
“B” grade devices are tested with a minimum voltage of 1,800 V rms. All “A” grade devices are tested with a minimum voltage of 850 V rms.
15
The AD215 should be allowed to warm up for approximately 10 minutes before any gain and/or offset adjustments are made.
16
Equivalent to a 0.8 degrees phase shift.
17
With the ± 15 V dc power supply pins bypassed by 2.2 µF capacitors at the AD215 pins.
18
Caution: The AD215 design does not provide short circuit protection of its isolated power supply. A current limiting resistor may be placed in series with the isolated
power terminals and the load in order to protect the supply against inadvertent shorts.
19
With an input power supply voltage greater than or equal ± 15 V dc, the AD215 may supply up to ± 15 mA from the isolated power supplies.
10
Voltages less than 14.25 V dc may cause the AD215 to cease operating properly. Voltages greater than ± 17.5 V dc may damage the internal components of the
AD215 and consequently should not be used.
Specifications subject to change without notice.

CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily
accumulate on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. WARNING!
Although the AD215 features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may
occur on devices subjected to high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD
ESD SENSITIVE DEVICE
precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.

REV. 0 –3–
AD215
FB 4
AD215
UNCOMMITTED
INPUT OP AMP
SIGNAL
IN– 3 R R
38 OUT HI
IN+ 1 LOW-PASS
MODULATOR DEMODULATOR FILTER
150kHz
IN COM 2
OUTPUT
T1
BUFFER
36 TRIM
33kΩ 0.01µF
37 OUT LO
POWER
+VISO 6 42 +15VIN
ISOLATED 430kHz
DC POWER 44 –15VIN
SUPPLY OSCILLATOR
–VISO 5 43 PWR RTN
T2

Figure 1. Functional Block Diagram

PIN CONFIGURATIONS INSIDE THE AD215


The AD215 is a fully self-contained analog signal and power
isolation solution. It employs a double-balanced amplitude
1 3 5 37 43
2 4 6
BOTTOM VIEW OF 36 38 42 44
modulation technique to perform transformer coupling of sig-
FOOTPRINT
nals ranging in frequency from true dc values to those having
frequencies of 120 kHz or less.
To generate the power supplies used for the isolated front-end
AD215 PIN DESIGNATIONS circuitry, an internal clock oscillator drives the primary winding
of the integral dc/dc power supply’s transformer, T2. The
Pin Designation Function resultant voltage developed across the secondary winding is
1 IN+ Noninverting Input then rectified and filtered for use as the isolated power supply.
2 IN COM Input Common This built-in isolated dc/dc converter provides sufficient power
3 IN– Inverting Input for both the internal isolated circuit elements of the AD215 as
4 FB Amplifier Feedback well as any ancillary components supplied by the user. It saves
5 –VISO OUT Isolated –15 V dc Power Supply onboard space and component cost where additional amplifica-
6 +VISO OUT Isolated +15 V dc Power Supply tion or signal conditioning is required.
36 TRIM Output Offset Trim Adjust
After an input signal is amplified by the uncommitted op amp,
37 OUT LO Output Low
it is modulated at a carrier frequency of approximately 430 kHz
38 OUT HI Output High
and applied across the primary winding of the signal isolation
42 +15 VIN +15 V dc Power
transformer T1.
43 PWR RTN ± 15 V dc Power Supply Common
44 –15 VIN –15 V dc Power The resultant signal induced on the secondary winding of the
transformer is then demodulated and filtered using a low-pass
Bessel response filter set at a frequency of 150 kHz. The func-
ORDERING GUIDE tion of the filter reconstructs the original signal as it appears on
the input.
Model Temperature Range VCMV Nonlinearity*
The signal transformer design and construction allow non-
AD215AY –40°C to +85°C 750 0.01% linearity to be independent of both the specified temperature
AD215BY –40°C to +85°C 1500 0.005% and gain ranges.
*Typical @ +25°C, G = 1 V/V. After complete reconstruction, the signal is subjected to an off-
set trim stage and final output buffer. The trim circuit allows
the designer flexibility to adjust for any offset as desired.

–4– REV. 0
Performance Characteristics–AD215
0.10 150

140
0.05
130
0 RS ≤ 100Ω
120
GAIN ERROR – %

CMR – dB
–0.05 110

100
–0.10
90
–0.15 RS ≤ 1kΩ
80

–0.20 70

–0.25 60
–40 –20 0 20 40 60 80 100 10 100 1k 10k 100k
TEMPERATURE – °C FREQUENCY – Hz

Figure 2. Gain Error vs. Temperature Figure 4. Typical Common-Mode Rejection vs. Frequency

1
0
–1
1mV –2

100 –3
NONLINEARITY – mV

NONLINEARITY – %

90
–4

GAIN – dB
+1 +0.004 –5

0 –6
–7
–1 –0.004 G=1
–8
10
0% –9
G = 10
–10
–11
–10 –8 –6 –4 –2 0 2 4 6 8 10 G = 100
–12
OUTPUT VOLTAGE – Volts 0.1 1.0 10 100 1000
INPUT SIGNAL FREQUENCY – kHz

Figure 5. Normalized Gain as a Function of Signal


Figure 3. Gain Nonlinearity vs. Output Voltage (G = 1 V/V) Frequency

G = 100
TRANSPORT
DELAY – µs

3 G =10
2 G=1
1
0

0
PHASE SHIFT – Degrees

45

90
G=1
G =10

130 G = 100

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120


FREQUENCY – kHz

Figure 6. Phase Shift and Transport Delay vs. Frequency

REV. 0 –5–
AD215–Performance Characteristics
60
56
100 52
90 OUTPUT 0.33µF BYPASS CAPS
48
100mV
44

VISO RIPPLE – mV p-p


40
36
INPUT
32
5V (+10V STEP)
10 28 1.0µF BYPASS CAPS
0% 24
20
5µs 3.3µF BYPASS CAPS
16
OVERSHOOT 12
8
10µF BYPASS CAPS
4
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Figure 7a. Overshoot to a Full-Scale Step Input VISO LOAD – mA
(G = 1 V/V)
Figure 9. ± VISO Supply Ripple vs. Load

16.2

100
90 16.0
5V INPUT
VS = ±15V dc
(–10V STEP) 15.8
VISO – ±V
15.6
100mV
10 OUTPUT
0% 15.4
NOTE:
5µs THE GAIN AND
15.2
OFFSET ERRORS
WILL INCREASE
UNDERSHOOT WHEN THE
15.0 ISOLATED
POWER SUPPLY
LOAD EXCEEDS
14.8 ±10mA
Figure 7b. Undershoot to a Full-Scale Input 5 10 15
(G = 1 V/V) VISO LOAD – ±mA

Figure 10. ± VISO Supply Voltage vs. Load

5V 10µs

100
90

10
0%

±10V, 15kHz STEP OUTPUT RESPONSE (G=1)

Figure 8. Output Response to Full-Scale Step Input


(G = 1 V/V)

–6– REV. 0
AD215
POWERING THE AD215 Noninverting Configuration for Gain Greater Than Unity
The AD215 is powered by a bipolar ± 15 V dc power supply Figure 13 shows how to achieve a gain greater than one while
connected as shown in Figure 11. External bypass capacitors continuing to preserve a very high input impedance. A recom-
should be provided in bused applications. Note that a small mended PC board layout for multichannel applications is shown
signal-related current (50 mA/VOUT) will flow out of the OUT in Figure 20b.
LO pin (Pin 37). Therefore, the OUT LO terminals should be
bused together and referenced at a single “Analog Star Ground” RIN = 2kΩ
to the ± 15 V dc supply common as illustrated Figure 11. 1
IN+
OUT HI
IN– 38
OUTPUT
3
CF FILTER,
AD215N AD2151 VSIGNAL RF BUFFER
ANALOG STAR GROUND 47pF FB
4 AND
RG TRIM
OUT LON OUT LO1 IN COM OUT LO
37 37 SIG COM 2 CIRCUITRY 37

TRIM
+VIN 36
42 42 +15V dc AD215 COM
43
2.2µF PWR
PWR RTN RTN
43 43 COM
2.2µF
–VIN
44 44 –15V dc Figure 13. Noninverting Input Configuration for
Gain > 1 V/V
NTH CHANNEL 1ST CHANNEL
In this circuit, the gain equation is as follows:
VO = (1 + RF/RG) × VSIG
Figure 11. Typical Power Supply Connections
where:
Power Supply Voltage Considerations
The rated performance of the AD215 remains unaffected for VO = Output Voltage (V)
power supply voltages in the ± 14.5 V dc to ± 16.5 V dc range. VSIG = Input Signal Voltage (V)
Voltages below ± 14.25 V dc may cause the AD215 to cease op- RF = Feedback Resistor Value (Ω)
erating properly. RG = Gain Resistor Value (Ω)
Note: Power supply voltages greater than ±17.5 V dc may damage The values for resistors RF and RG are subject to the following
the internal components and consequently should not be used. constraints:
• The total impedance of the gain network should be less than
USING THE AD215 10 kΩ.
Unity Gain Input Configuration
The basic unity gain configuration for input signals of up to • The current drawn in RF is less than 1 mA at ± 10 V. Note that
± 10 V is shown in Figure 12. for each mA drawn by the feedback resistor, the isolated
power supply drive capability decreases by 1 mA.
RIN = 2kΩ
IN+
• Amplifier gain is set by the feedback (RF) and gain resistor
1
IN– 38
OUT HI (RG).
3 OUTPUT FILTER,
VSIGNAL
4
FB BUFFER AND It is recommended that RF is bypassed with a 47 pF capacitor as
TRIM CIRCUITRY shown.
IN COM OUT LO
2 37

TRIM
36
Note: The 2 kΩ input resistor (RIN) in series with the input
AD215 COM signal source and the IN+ terminal in Figures 12 and 13 is rec-
43
PWR ommended to limit the current at the input terminals of the to
RTN
5.0 mA when the AD215 is not powered.

Figure 12. Basic Unity Gain

REV. 0 –7–
AD215
Compensating the Uncommitted Input Op Amp GAIN AND OFFSET ADJUSTMENTS
The open-loop gain and phase versus frequency for the uncom- General Comments
mitted input op amp are given in Figure 14. These curves can The AD215 features an output stage TRIM pin useful for zero-
be used to determine appropriate values for the feedback resis- ing the output offset voltage through use of user supplied circuitry.
tor (RF) and compensation capacitor (CF) to ensure frequency When gain and offset adjustments are required, the actual com-
stability when reactive or nonlinear components are used. pensation circuit ultimately used depends on the following:
25 80 • The input configuration mode of the isolation amplifier (non-
20 100 inverting or inverting).
• The placement of any adjusting potentiometer (on the
AVERAGE VOLTAGE GAIN – dB

15 120

Ø, EXCESS PHASE – Degrees


10
PHASE
140
isolator’s input or output side).
5 160 As a general rule:
GAIN
0 180 • Gain adjustments should be accomplished at the gain-setting
–5 200
resistor network at the isolator’s input.
–10 220 • To ensure stability in the gain adjustment, potentiometers
should be located as close as possible to the isolator’s input
–15 240
and its impedance should be kept low. Adjustment ranges
260
–20 should also be kept to a minimum since their resolution and
–25 280 stability is dependent upon the actual potentiometers used.
100k 1M 10M 100M
FREQUENCY – Hz • Output adjustments may be necessary where adjusting poten-
tiometers placed near the input would present a hazard to the
Figure 14. Open-Loop Gain and Frequency Response user due to the presence of high common-mode voltages dur-
ing the adjustment procedure.
Inverting, Summing or Current Input Configuration
Figure 14 shows how the AD215 can measure currents or sum • It is recommended that input offset adjustments are made
currents or voltages. prior to gain adjustments.
• The AD215 should be allowed to warm up for approximately
4
FB 10 minutes before gain or offset adjustments are made.
CF
RF
47pF IN– Input Gain Adjustments for Noninverting Mode
3 OUT HI
IN+ OUTPUT 38 Figure 16 shows a suggested noninverting gain adjustment cir-
RS2 RS1 1
IS FILTER,
BUFFER
cuit. Note that the gain adjustment potentiometer RP is incorpo-
VS2 VS1 AND rated into the gain-setting resistor network.
TRIM OUT LO
IN COM
2 CIRCUITRY 37

TRIM RIN = 2kΩ


36 IN+
1 OUT HI
AD215 COM IN– 38
43 3
PWR RP OUTPUT
CF
RTN FILTER,
0.47pF BUFFER
RC FB
VSIGNAL 4 AND
RF TRIM
Figure 15. Noninverting Summing/Current Configuration RG
IN COM CIRCUITRY OUT LO
2 37
For this circuit, the output voltage equation is: TRIM
36

VO = –RF × (IS + VS1/RS1 + VS2/RS2 + . . .) AD215


43
COM
PWR
where: RTN
V = Output Voltage (V)
VS1 = Input Voltage Signal 1 (V) Figure 16. Gain Adjustment for Noninverting Configuration
VS2 = Input Voltage Signal 2 (V)
IS = Input Current Source (A) For a ± 1% trim range:
RF = Feedback Resistor (Ω) (10 kΩ, typ) RG × RF
RS1 = Input Signal 1 Source Resistance (Ω) (RP ≈1kΩ), RC ≈ 0.02 ×
RG + RF
RS2 = Input Signal 2 Source Resistance (Ω)
The circuit of Figure 15 can also be used when the input signal
is larger than the ±10 V input range of the isolator. For example,
in Figure 15, if only VS1, RS1 and RF were connected as shown
with the solid lines, the input voltage span of VS1 could accom-
modate up to ± 50 V when RF = 10 kΩ and RS1 = 50 kΩ.

–8– REV. 0
AD215
Input Gain Adjustments for the Inverting Mode USING ISOLATED POWER
Figure 17 shows a suggested inverting gain adjustment circuit. Each AD215 provides an unregulated, isolated bipolar power
In this circuit, gain adjustment is made using a potentiometer source of ± 15 V dc @ ± 10 mA, referred to the input common.
(RP) in the feedback loop. The adjustments are effective for all This source may be used to power various ancillary components
gains in the 1 to 10 V/V range. such as signal conditioning and/or adjustment circuitry, refer-
ences, op amps or remote transducers. Figure 19 shows typical
RIN RC RF connections.
FB
4
CF
47pF IN– AD215
RF IN– 3
3 OUT HI OUT HI
1kΩ 38 IN+ OUTPUT 38
IN+ OUTPUT 1 FILTER,
1
FILTER, FB BUFFER
BUFFER 4 AND
VSIGNAL AND IN COM TRIM OUT LO
TRIM 2 CIRCUITRY 37
IN COM OUT LO
2 CIRCUITRY 37 TRIM
36
TRIM LOAD
36 +VISO +VS
AD215 COM 6 42 +15V dc
43 C1 PWR
1.5kΩ 430kHz 2.2µF
PWR 6.8µF ISOLATED RTN COM
RTN POWER 43
DC OSCIL-
C2
1.5kΩ –VISO SUPPLY LATOR –VS 2.2µF
6.8µF
5 44 –15V dc
Figure 17. Gain Adjustment for Inverting Configuration
For an approximate ± 1% gain trim range,
Figure 19. Using the Isolated Power Supplies
R × RF
RX = IN
RIN + RF PCB LAYOUT FOR MULTICHANNEL APPLICATIONS
The pin out of the AD215 has been designed to easily facilitate
and select multichannel applications. Figure 20a shows a recommended
RC = 0.02 × RIN circuit board layout for a unity gain configuration.
while
PWR
RF < 10 kΩ RTN
CF = 47 pF +15V dc –15V dc
SUPPLY BYPASS
CAPACITORS FOR
Note: RF and RIN should have matched temperature coefficient 2.2µF EVERY FOUR
2.2µF AD215s
drift characteristics.
38 OUT HI0
Output Offset Adjustments 36 42 44
TRIM 0
Figure 18 illustrates one method of adjusting the output offset 37
43
voltage. Since the AD215 exhibits a nominal output offset of
38 OUT HI1
–35 mV, the circuit shown was chosen to yield an offset correc- 36 42 44
tion of 0 mV to +73 mV. This results in a total output offset 37
TRIM 1
43
range of approximately –35 mV to +38 mV.
38 OUT HI2
36 42 44
TRIM 2 ANALOG
IN– 37 STAR
3 OUT HI 43 GROUND
IN+ 38
1 38 OUT HI3
LOW-PASS OUTPUT 36 42 44
FB RT
4 FILTER, BUFFER TRIM 3
(150kΩ) TRIM 1MΩ RP2 37
43
IN COM 36
10kΩ
2
RS 2.2µF
33kΩ 0.01µF 100kΩ 2.2µF
OUT LO
37

+15VIN 42 +15V dc
AD215 2.2µF
Figure 20a. PCB Layout for Unity Gain
PWR RTN 43 COM
2.2µF
–15VIN 44 –15V dc CAUTION
The AD215 design does not provide short-circuit protection of
its isolated power supply. A current limiting resistor should be
Figure 18. Output Offset Adjustment Circuit placed in series with the supply terminals and the load in order
Output Gain Adjustments to protect against inadvertent shorts.
Since the output amplifier stage of the AD215 is fixed at unity
gain, any adjustments can be made only in a subsequent stage.

REV. 0 –9–
AD215
When gain setting resistors are used, 0.325" channel centers can AC Transducer Applications
still be achieved as shown in Figure 20b. In applications such as vibration analysis, where the user must
acquire and process the spectral content of a sensor’s signal
RF
rather than its “dc” level, the wideband characteristics of the
CF 2 4 6
IN AD215 prove most useful. Key specifications for ac transducer
IN COM RG
+VISO 1 3 5 applications include bandwidth, slew rate and harmonic distor-
–VISO tion. Since the transducer may be mechanically bonded or
RF C2 C1 welded to the object under test, isolation is typically required to
IN
CF 2 4 6 eliminate ground loops as well as protect the electronics used in
IN COM RG
1 5
the data acquisition system. Figure 23 shows an isolated strain
+VISO 3
–VISO gage circuit employing the AD215 and a high speed operational
C1, C2 ARE VISO FILTER CAPACITORS. C2 C1
amplifier (AD744).
RF, RG ARE FEEDBACK, GAIN RESISTORS.
CF IS A FEEDBACK BYPASS CAPACITOR. To alleviate the need for an instrumentation amplifier, the
bridge is powered by a bipolar excitation source. Under this ap-
proach the common-mode voltage is ± VSPAN which is typically
Figure 20b. PCB Layout for Gain Greater than Unity only a few millivolts, rather than the VEXC 4 2 that would be
achieved with a unipolar excitation source and Wheatstone
APPLICATIONS EXAMPLES bridge configuration.
Motor Control
Figure 21 shows an AD215 used in a dc motor control applica- Using two strain gages with a gage factor of 3 mV/V and a
tion. Its excellent phase characteristics and wide bandwidth are ± 1.2 V excitation signal, a ± 6.6 mV output signal will result. A
ideal for this type of application. gain setting of 454 will scale this low level signal to ± 3 V, which
can then be digitized by a high speed, 100 kHz sampling ADC
AD215
ENCODER FEEDBACK such as the AD7870.
G=1 ISOLATED
4
MOTOR
COMMAND
IMOTOR The low voltage excitation is used to permit the front-end cir-
MOTOR 3 OPTICAL
COMMAND 38 MOTOR SHAFT RESOLVER cuitry to be powered from the isolated power supplies of the
±10V V
AD215, which can supply up to ± 10 mA of isolated power at
1 C CONTROL MOTOR OR
±10 VOLTS 37 UNIT θ TACHOMETER

± 15 V. The bridge draws only 3.5 mA, leaving sufficient cur-


OUT LO ENCODER
2

rent to power the micropower dual BiFET (400 µA quiescent


COM

current) and the high speed AD744 BiFET amplifier (4 mA


Figure 21. Motor Control Application quiescent current).
Multichannel Data Acquisition
The current drive capabilities of the AD215’s bipolar ± 15 V dc
isolated power supply is more than adequate to meet the modest
± 800 µA supply current requirements for the AD7502 multi-
plexer. Digital isolation techniques should be employed to iso-
late the Enable (EN), A0 and A1 logic control signals.
EN A1 A0

AD7502
(–15V) DTL/TTL TO CMOS LEVEL
TRANSLATOR
GND
DECODER/DRIVER
(+15V)
AD215
FB G=1
4
IN–
3 OUT HI
S1 – S4 S5 – S8 IN+ 38
1

IN COM OUT LO
2 37

+VISO
6 42 +15V
6.8µF COM
2 44 –15V
6.8µF –VISO PWR
5 43
RTN

Figure 22. Multichannel Data Acquisition Application

–10– REV. 0
AD215
+VISO +VISO

220Ω
Q1
2N3904 –VISO
1/2
AD648 1MΩ
+1.2V
FB
4
350Ω 38 OUT HI
+ε 2MΩ 3
IN– OUTPUT
AD744 FILTER
IN+ MOD DEMOD AND
+VISO 350Ω 1
–ε BUFFER 37 OUT LO
10kΩ
6.8kΩ –1.2V 2.2pF
500Ω 9.76kΩ 36 TRIM
220Ω
AD215
Q2
1/2 2N3906 453kΩ +VISO
6
AD589 AD648 1kΩ 42 +15V
–VISO –VISO C1 6.8µF ISOLATED 430kHz
COM
2 DC POWER 44 –15V
C2 6.8µF –VISO SUPPLY OSC
43 PWR
5
RTN

Figure 23. Strain Gage Signal Conditioning Application

REV. 0 –11–
AD215
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions shown in inches and (mm).

AD215 SIP PACKAGE

0.325 (8.3)

C2134–20–4/96
2.480 (63.0) MAX MAX

0.815 0.840
(20.7) (21.4)
MAX

0.020 (0.5) 0.12 (3.0) TYP


30° TYP
0.015 (0.4) 0.094 (2.4)
0.165 (4.2)
0.16 (4.1) 0.16 (4.1) 0.010
(0.25) 0.135 (3.4)
2.15 (54.6)
0.2
0.250 (5.1)
(6.4) 0.1 (2.5) 0.1 (2.5)
0.05 (1.3) 1.50 (38.1) 0.11 (2.8)
0.325 37 43
1 5 BOTTOM VIEW OF 0.1
(8.3) 3
2 6 FOOTPRINT (2.5)
MAX 4 36 38 42 44

0.712 (18.2) 0.712 (18.2) 0.11 (2.8)


0.022 (0.56) C
L
NOTE: PINS MEASURE 0.022 (0.56) x 0.010 (0.25) PRIOR TO TINNING.
TINNING MAY ADD UP TO 3 mils (0.003") TO THESE DIMENSIONS.

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

–12– REV. 0