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# TEORIA ELECTROMAGNETICA Y ONDAS

## JOHN ALEJANDRO ESCOBAR MEJIA

Código 1.115.079.532

TUTOR
OMAR LEONARDO LEYTON

## UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ABIERTA Y A DISTANCIA

ESCUELA DE CIENCIAS BASICAS TECNOLOGIA E INGENIERIA
PROGRAMA INGENIERIA EN ELECTRONICA
2018
1. What is the practical implications associated to a line with only
reactive components or only resistive components?

## The resistance depends on the resistance of the conductors and the

frequency. At high frequencies, the resistance increases with the frequency due

to the skin effect, since the current penetrates only a small layer near the

surface of the conductor. The inductance is a consequence of the fact that every

## conductor through which a current variable circulates has an inductance

associated with it. As the line is formed by two or more players separated by a

## dielectric, it constitutes, therefore, a capacitor whose capacity depends on the

area of the conductors, their separation and the dielectric constant of the

material that separates. Finally, the conductance results from the fact that the

## dielectric is not perfect and has resistivity

finite, so that a part of the current will "leak" between the conductors

and, along with the series resistance contribute to the children or attenuation in

the line
2. In a practical transmission system. What is a good value for the reflection

## Refers specifically to the behavior of the voltage (minimum and maximum)

in a standing wave phenomenon between a transmission line and its load at the

end. It is called in Spanish Stationary Wave Ratio ROE, and it is implicit that it is

the ratio (geometric ratio) between the maximum voltage and the minimum existing

voltage

If we consider an ideal transmission line, the ROE would be 1: 1, that is, all

the power to reach its destination, without reflection (nothing is lost). And the worst

means of transmission in the world, we would have infinite VSWR, that is, all

## power is reflected (lost)

3. What occurs with the voltage and current in a line with the following

## a short and line terminated in an open?

Short-terminated line

If the load impedance is zero (𝑍𝑙 = 0), the equations of reflection and transmission

coefficients are:

## Line completed in open circuit

If the load impedance is infinite (), the equations of reflection and transmission

coefficients are:

That is, the transmitted wave has twice the amplitude of the incident and the

## reflected wave has the same amplitude as the reflected one.

Well-coupled line

When the impedance of the line and that of the load are equal, a special

case occurs in which no reflected wave occurs. The transmission and reflection

coefficients remain

In this case there is total transmission that is to say that the total of the

## wave propagates without presenting reflection.

4. What is the voltage reflection coefficient and what is an ideal value for a

transmission system?

If the line is ideal (No losses), the incident signal reaches the end of the line

without attenuation and identically, the signal reflected at the beginning of the

## line without attenuation

The incident voltage in a transmission line has a relation with the value of the
reflection voltage which is known as the voltage reflection coefficient,

## 5. What is the effect of Lossy line on voltage and current waves?

As the current passes through a transmission line, and this has a finite

## resistance. There is an inherent and inevitable loss of power. Sometimes this is

called a loss in the driver or lost by heating the driver, and it is just a loss of the

I2R form.

6. In the Smith Chart identify a 𝑍𝐿 =∝, a 𝑍𝐿 = 0, two resistive loads and two

𝒁𝑳 = 𝟎

𝒁𝑳 = ∞
𝒁𝑳 = ∞