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Exercise 7.

3 (Solutions)
MathCity.org Textbook of Algebra and Trigonometry for Class XI
Page 238

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Question # 1 39916800
= = 4989600 .
How many arrangements of the letters of the 8
following words, taken all together, can be
made: (iv) ASSASSINATION
(i) PAKPATTAN Total number of letters = 13
(ii) PAKISTAN A is repeated 3 times
(iii) MATHEMATICS S is repeated 4 times
(iv) ASSASSINATION I is repeated 2 times
Solution N is repeated 2 times
(i) PAKPATTAN T and O come only once.
Total number of letters = 9 Required number of permutations
P is repeated 2 times  13 
= 
A is repeated 3 times  3, 4, 2, 2,1,1
T is repeated 2 times 13!
K and N come only once. =
3!× 4!× 2!× 2!×1!×1!
 9 
Required number of permutations =   6227020800
= = 10810800
 2,3, 2,1,1 (6) (24) (2) (2)
9!
=
2!× 3!× 2!× 1!× 1! Question # 2
362880 How many permutations of the letters of the
= = 15120 . word PANAMA can be made, if P is to be the
(2) (6) (2)
first letter in each arrangement?
(ii) PAKISTAN Solution
Total number of letters = 8 If P is the first letter then words are of the form
A is repeated 2 times P ∗∗∗∗∗ , where five ∗ can be replace with
P, K, I, S, T and N come only once. A,N,A,M,A.
Required number of permutations So number of letters = 5
 8  A is repeated 3 times
=   M, N appears only once
 2,1,1,1,1,1,1
 5  5!
8! So required permutations =   = 3!× 1!× 1!
=
2!× 1!× 1!×1!× 1!× 1!× 1!  3,1,1
40320 120
= = 20160 . = = 20 .
2 6
(iii) MATHEMATICS
Total number of letters = 11 Question # 3
M is repeated 2 times How many arrangements of the letters of the
A is repeated 2 times word ATTACKED can be made, if each
T is repeated 2 times arrangement begins with C and end with K?
H, E, I, C and S come only once. Solution
Required number of permutations If C be the first letter and K is the last letter
 11  then words are of the form C ∗∗∗∗∗∗K . where
=  each ∗ can be replaced with A, T, T, A, E, D.
 2, 2, 2,1,1,1,1,1  So number of letters = 6
11! A is repeated 2 times
=
2!× 2!× 2!× 1!× 1!× 1!× 1!× 1! T is repeated 2 times
E and D come only once.
FSc-I / Ex 7.3 - 2

 6   7 
So required permutations =   Permutations of 7 digits number =  
 2, 2, 1, 1  3, 2, 1, 1
6! 720 7! 5040
= = = 180 . = = = 420.
2!× 2!×1!×1! 4 3!× 2!× 1!× 1! 12
Number less than 1,000,000 are of the form
Question # 4 0 ∗∗∗∗∗∗ , where each ∗ can be replaced with
How many numbers greater than 1000, 000 can 2, 2, 3, 4, 4.
be formed from the digits 0, 2, 2, 2,3, 4, 4 ? No. of digits = 6
Solution No. of 2’s = 3
The number greater than 1000000 are of the No. of 4’s = 2
following forms. 3 comes only once
If numbers are of the form 2 ∗∗∗∗∗∗ ,  6  6!
So permutations =   = 3!× 2!×1!
where each ∗ can be filled with 0, 2, 2,3, 4, 4  3, 2, 1 
Then number of digits = 6 720
2 is repeated 2 times = = 60
12
4 is repeated 2 times Hence number greater than 1000000 = 420 − 60
0 and 3 come only once. = 360 .
 6 
So number formed =   Question # 5
 2, 2, 1, 1
How many 6-digits numbers can be formed from
6! 720 the digits 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4? How many of them will
= = = 180 .
2!× 2!×1!×1! 4 lie between 400,000 and 430,000?
Now if numbers are of the form 3∗∗∗∗∗∗ , Solution
where each ∗ can be filled with 0, 2, 2, 2, 4, 4 Total number of digits = 6
Then number of digits = 6 Number of 2’s = 2
2 is repeated 3 times Number of 3’s = 2
4 is repeated 2 times Number of 4’s = 2
0 comes only once. So number formed by these 6 digits
 6   6  6!
So number formed =   =  = (2!) (2!) (2!)
 3, 2, 1   2, 2, 2 
6! 720 720
= = = 60 . = = 90 .
3!× 2!×1! 12 (2) (2) (2)
Now if numbers are of the form 4 ∗∗∗∗∗∗ , The numbers lie between 400,000 and 430,000
where each ∗ can be filled with 0, 2, 2, 2,3, 4 are only of the form 42****, where each * can
Then number of digits = 6 be filled by 2, 3, 3, 4.
2 is repeated 3 times Here number of digits = 4 .
0, 3 and 4 come only once. Number of 2’s = 1
 6  Number of 3’s = 2
6!
So number formed =   = 3!×1!×1! Number of 4’s = 1
 3, 1, 1  4  4!
720 So number formed =   = (1!) (2!) (1!)
6
= = 120 . 1, 2, 1
So required numbers greater than 1000000 24
= = 12.
= 180 + 60 + 120 2
= 360 .
Question # 6
 Alternative 11 members of a club form 4 committees of 3, 4,
(Submitted by Waqas Ahmad - FAZMIC Sargodha – 2004-06)
No. of digits = 7 2, 2 members so that no member is a member is
No. of 2’s = 3 a member of more than one committee. Find the
No. of 4’s = 2 number of committees.
0 and 3 come only once. Solution
Total members = 11
FSc-I / Ex 7.3 - 3

Members in first committee = 3 Question # 10


Members in second committee = 4 Find the numbers of ways in which 5 men and 5
Members in third committee = 2 women can be seated at a round table in such a
Members in fourth committee = 2 way that no two persons of same sex sit together.
So required number of committees Solution fix man
 11  11!
=  = 3!⋅ 4!⋅ 2!⋅ 2!
 3, 4, 2, 2 
39916800
= = 69300 .
(6) (24) (2) (2)

Question # 7
The D.C.Os of 11 districts meet to discuss the
law and order situation in their districts. In how
If we fix one man round a table
many ways can they be seated at a round table,
when two particular D.C.Os insist on sitting then their permutations = 4 P4 = 24
together? Now if women sit between the two men
Solution then their permutations = 5 P5 = 120
Number of D.C.O’s = 9 So total permutations = 24 ×120 = 2880
Let D1 and D2 be the two D.C.O’s insisting to
sit together so consider them one. Question # 11
If D1 D2 sit together then permutations In how many ways can 4 keys be arranged on a
circular key ring?
= 9 P9 = 362880 Solution
If D2 D1 sit together then permutations Number of keys = 4
= 9 P9 = 362880 Fixing one key we have permutation = 3 P3 = 6
So total permutations = 362880 + 362880 A A
= 725760
Question # 8 B D D B
The Governor of the Punjab calls a meeting of
12 officers. In how many ways can they be
seated at a round table?
Solution C C
Fixing one officer on a particular seat, Since above figures of arrangement are
we have permutations of remaining 11 officers reflections of each other
= 11P11 = 39916800 . 1
Therefore permutations = × 6 = 3
2
Question # 9
Fatima invites 14 people to a dinner. There are Question # 12
9 males and 5 females who are seated at two How many necklaces can be made from 6 beads
different tables so that guests of one sex seat at of different colours?
one round table and the guests of other sex at the Solution
second table. Find the number of ways in which Number of beads = 6
all guests are seated. Fixing one bead, we have permutation = 5 P5
Solution = 120
9 males can be seated on a round table
= 8 P8 = 40320
And 5 females can be seated on a round table
= 4 P4 = 24
So permutations of both = 40320 × 24
= 967680 .
FSc-I / Ex 7.3 - 4

A A

B F F B

C E E C
D D
Since above figures of arrangement are
reflections of each other
1
Therefore permutations = × 120 = 60
2

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Book: Exercise 7.3 (Page 238)


Text Book of Algebra and Trigonometry Class XI
Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore – PAKSITAN.

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