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OHM S

PHYSICS LAB REPORT

LAW
'

Accelerated Physics 1101 Group1


Mahidol University International Demonstration School

Member:
1. Phaphat Aowsathaporn Mill
2. Nutchanon Charnwutiwong Nont
3. Tanakom Kaweewuthisinp Gun
Introduction
Ohm’s law is the law that deals with and
explains the relationship between voltage and
current in an ideal conductor. It mainly involves
voltage, current, and resistor/resistance. Ohm’s
law says that the potential difference (voltage) is
directly proportional to the current in an ideal
conductor. This means that if the voltage is
higher, the current will be higher as well.
However, the current in an ideal conductor is
inversely proportional to the resistance of the
system. The main formula for Ohm’s Law is .
In this lab, we connect a basic circuit and
then we connected an ammeter and a volt meter to
measure the current and the potential difference
respectively. We used different amount of
electricity or current that will be running through
our circuit as well as the resistor of the system to
illustrate, demonstrate, and see the relationship
between potential difference (voltage), current,
and resistance.
Objective
- Be able to determine Mathematical
relationship between current, potential
difference, and resistance in a simple
circuit.

- Be able to use Voltmeter and


Ammeter.

- Be able to connect the circuit


correctly.

- To understand the symbol in the


circuit.
Materials

2 multimeters Lab quest

wire with clips 2 resistors of different resistance

Power Amplifier
Procedure
1. With the power amplifier turned off, connect the circuit
as shown in figure. Then set current range and voltage
range as the data. NOTE: Attach the red connectors
electrically closer to the positive side of the power
supply.
2. Have Lab Tech/TA check the arrangement of the
wires before proceeding.
3. Turn on the switch. Adjust/increase the output voltage
of the power amplifier from2.0 V to 10.0V in steps of 2.0
V as indicated in the table1. Record the corresponding
reading due to the voltmeter and ammeter on 2nd and
3rd column respectively.
4. Repeat the process until you finish all of the 5 runs.
5. Compute for the value of the resistance by dividing the
voltmeter reading to the ammeter reading.
6. Compare this computed value of the resistance with
the true value of the resistor used in the circuit.
7. Turn the power amplifier off then replace the first
resistor with the second resistor.
8. Ask Lab Tech/ TA to recheck your circuit connection
before proceed.
9. Turn on the power amplifier again and repeat steps 1-
6 using the second resistor
CAUTION: Change the ammeter’s current range
accordingly.
Data & Result
Analysis
By connecting the circuit completely are connected
correctly, the current will flow through the wire. Current is
directly proportion to voltage and inversely proportion to
resistor. As we used more resistor, the current was decreased
because it resists the flow of the current more. Ammeter
should be connected in series and set to be less resisted as
possible, so the current can flow through them with as less
effect as possible. On the other hand, voltmeter should be
connected in parallels and have as much resistance as
possible, so the current would not flow through the meter. This
is the explanation of why there are some errors in the lab.
There are internal resistances from meters which are
negligible in the computed one.

Conclusion
To conclude, Ohm’s law is used to calculate the resistance
in this experiment as we have potential, from voltmeter
and current, from ammeter by using V=IR.
Recommendation
If we have a chance to do this
experiment again, we will make sure and
check that all of the equipment and
things that we will be using are working
properly because we had some issues due
to equipment malfunctioned.
Work log
Mill

- Decoration - Materials

- Objective - Procedure

Nont

- Introduction - Recommendation
- Data & Result

Gun

- Conclusion - Calculation
- Analysis