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Assignment 2

January 29, 2017

Yash Sharma
Process Quality Engineer
1. Summary

A member of the team, suggested that they could assume by beginning that the canned weight food be approximated by
normal distribution. He further suggested that the team determine the probability of obtaining cans with weight below
2.95 ounces or above 3.10 ounces under different scenarios. Below is the result for the assumptions.

2. Result

For WG5.3

 Mean μ=3.00 SD σ=0.05

P(2.95)=0.1587 P(3.10)=0.0227

 Mean μ =3.02 SD σ =0.03

P(2.95)=0.0098 P(3.10)=0.0038

 Mean μ =2.99 SD σ =0.02

P(2.95)=0.0227 P(3.10)= 1.8990E-08 (0.000000018990)

 Mean μ =3.03 SD σ =0.04

P(2.95)=0.0227 P(3.10)=0.04006

 Mean μ =3.01 SD σ =0.025

P(2.95)=0.008198 P(3.10)=0.00015

For WG5.4

a) If we wish to minimize the probability of obtaining cans with weight below 2.95 ounces or above 3.10 ounces, the
last combination of Mean μ =3.01 SD σ =0.025 should be taken into consideration as the total probability of
both the events is 0.008348.
Whereas, the total probability of Mean μ =2.99 SD σ =0.02 is 0.0227 which is higher than the last combination.

b) If we wish to minimize the probability of obtaining cans with a weight below 2.95 ounces, the last combination
of Mean μ =3.01 SD σ =0.025 should be considered as the probability of 0.0081 is the lowest of all given
combinations.

c) If we wish to minimize the probability of obtaining cans with a weight above 3.10 ounces, the third combination
of Mean μ =2.99 SD σ =0.02 should be considered as the probability 1.8990E-08 (0.000000018990) is
infinitesimally small.
For WG5.5

a) To determine if the weight of the canned cat food was normally distributed, the team conducted a normality
test, keeping the weight of the canned food as a parameter and performed an Anderson-Darling test for
normality. The p-value was 0.640 which is greater than 0.05 so the null hypothesis is accepted. We can
successfully infer that the data is normally distributed.

Summary Report for Weight

Anderson-Darling Normality Test
A-Squared 0.28
P-Value 0.640
Mean 3.0189
StDev 0.0315
Variance 0.0010
Skewness -0.267479
Kurtosis 0.398289
N 200
Minimum 2.9220
1st Quartile 2.9971
Median 3.0195
3rd Quartile 3.0398
Maximum 3.1002
95% Confidence Interval for Mean
3.0145 3.0233
95% Confidence Interval for Median
2.94 2.97 3.00 3.03 3.06 3.09
3.0158 3.0257
95% Confidence Interval for StDev
0.0287 0.0349

Mean

Median

3.0150 3.0175 3.0200 3.0225 3.0250

b) If the process was not changed, that is if we assume the Mean μ=3.0189 & SD σ =0.0315, then the proportion
of the filled cans that weigh less than 2.95 ounces is 0.0146. Using P(X) = (X−µ)/ σ, we get -2.18. Using
standard normal distribution table, we get the value of -2.18 as 0.4854 which is cumulative frequency. Therefore
subtracting 0.4854 from 0.5 we get 0.0146

c) Similarly, the proportion of filled cans that weigh more than 3.10 ounces is 0.0051. Using P(X) = (X−µ)/ σ, we
get 2.57. Using standard normal distribution table, we get the value of 2.57 as 0.4949. Subtracting 0.4949 from
0.5 we get 0.0051