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A certain meter records voltage between 0 volts and 10 volts, inclusive.

If
the average (am) value of 3 recordings on the meter was 8 volts, what was
the smallest possible recording, in volts?
Ans:
we have aver = (x1+x2+x3)/3 = 8 and 0<x1, x2, x3<10
1 value min. if 2 others max. =10 so (x+10+10)/3 = 8 => x = 4
If john makes a contribution to a charity fund at school, the average
contribution size will increase by 50%, reaching $75 per person .If there
were 5 other contributions made before johns, what is the size of his
donation?
Ans:
a = old average
x = our value
new avg = a + a*50/100 = 1.5a
(5*a + x)/6 = 1.5a => x = 4a
but 1.5a = 75 => a = 75/1.5 = 150/3 = 50
so x=4a =200
An Avg mark by 40 students of a class is 85. Difference in marks between
the student with highest and the one with lowest marks is 108. If both
these students are removed avg falls by 1 mark. Find the highest mark
Ans:
let the highest mark scored by a student be H
let the lowest mark scored by a student be L
let the sum of the marks of the remaining students be M

so, (L+M+H)/40 = 85
Also, its given that H-L = 108...............1
And, M/38 = 84
So M = 3192
So, L+H = 40*85 - 3192
= 208.......................2
Solve the 2 eqns 1, 2 to get H = 158
Avg score of 55 students is 88. If the top 4 students' score is excluded, avg
of remaining students drops by 4. If the second highest scorer scored less
than 133 and all students have integral scores, find the minimum marks
that could have been scored by the topper
Ans:
Total marks of top 4 students = 88*55-51*84 = 556
a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 = 556
a2<133
a3<=a2
a4<=a3
Minimum marks that cud have been scored by the topper means that the other 3
students score the max. marks. ie a2 = 132, and a3=a2=a4=132

So a1 = 556 - 3*132 = 160


If the average (arithmetic mean) of 18 consecutive odd integers is 534 , then
the least of these odd integer is?
Ans:
18/2 = 9 & hence 534-1 =533 is 9th term
& now as 1st term is 9-1=8 below...
533-(2*8)=517
A student has received scores of 88, 82, and 84 on 3 quizzes. If the tests
count twice as much as the quizzes, what is the lowest score the student
can get on the next test to achieve an average score of at least 80?
Ans:
(88+82+84+x+x)/5 = 80
so x= 73
A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and
$70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%,
while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the
remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the
portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the
prices of the shares that remained constant?

A) 20, 35, 70
B) 20, 45, 70
C) 20, 35, 40
D) 35, 40, 70
E) 35, 40, 45

Soln: Add the 5 prices together:


20 + 35 + 40 + 45 + 70 = 210

2% of that is 210 x .02 = 4.20

Let x be the stock that rises and y be the stock that falls.

.15x -.35y = 4.20 ==> x = (7/3)y + 27

This tells us that the difference between x and y has to be at least 27. Since the
answer choices list the ones that DONT change, we need to look for an answer
choice in which the numbers NOT listed have a difference of at least 27.

Thus the answer is (E)


On a certain project the only grades awarded were 75 and 100. If 85
students completed the project and the average of thier grades was 85 how
many earned 100?
A - 34
B - 40
C - 51
D - 45
E – 60
Ans:
Let X be who got 75 and Y be who got 100, Then

(75 X + 100 Y) / 85 = 85
and
X+Y = 85
Solving two, X= 51, Y = 34
Average score of 1/4 of the class is 70% of the class average. Find the ratio
of the average score of the remaining class to that of the entire class.
Ans:
let class average =x....remaining be Y
1/4(0.7)*x + 3/4(y) = x
and y=1.1x
y/x=11/10
A appeared in 3 tests of values 20,50 & 30 marks respectively. He obtained
75% marks in first & 60 % marks in second test. What should be his % of
marks in third test if his average is 60%
A)45%
B)50%
A)55%
A)60%
Ans:
(20*75%+50*60%+30*x/100)=60/100*100
15+30+30*x/100=60
x = (60-45)/30*100 = 50%
The algebric sum of 25 deviations measured from 45 is -55 .Find arithmatic
mean of observation?
Ans:
There are 25 deviations. As the sum is -55, each deviation will have a value of
-55/25 =- 2.2.

The number from which these r getting deviated is 45.

45-2.2 = 42.8
On two of his tests, Harry scored 30 out of a maximum of 50 and on the
third he scored 40 out of a maximum of 100? What is his average
percentage score on the three tests?
(a) 33.33%
(b) 40%
(c) 50%
(d) 53.3%
(e) 66.66%
Ans:
Percentage scores for the three tests are 60%, 60%, and 40% respectively.
Hence the average percentage is (60+60+40)/3 = 160/3 = 53.33
A corporation with 5,000,000 shares of publicly listed stock reported total
earnings of $7.20 per share for the first 9 months of operation. During the
final quarter the number of publicly listed shares was increased to
10,000,000 shares, and fourth quarter earnings were reported as $1.25 per
share. What are the average annual earnings per share based on the
number of shares at the end of the year?
Ans:
[ (5,000,000 * 7.2) + (10,000,000*1.25) ]/10,000,000 = 4.85