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UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DO NORTE FLUMINENSE DARCY RIBEIRO


CENTRO DE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA
LABORATÓRIO DE MATERIAIS AVANÇADOS
CURSO DE GRADUAÇÃO EM ENGENHARIA METALÚRGICA E DE MATERIAIS

SECAGEM DE MATERIAIS CERÂMICOS

BÁRBARA FERREIRA DE OLIVEIRA


MÁRCIA ALMEIDA SILVA
MARIANA SOARES DE FREITAS

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CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES - RJ


JUNHO DE 2010

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UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DO NORTE FLUMINENSE DARCY RIBEIRO


CENTRO DE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA
LABORATÓRIO DE MATERIAIS AVANÇADOS
CURSO DE GRADUAÇÃO EM ENGENHARIA METALÚRGICA E DE MATERIAIS

Bárbara Ferreira de Oliveira


Márcia Almeida Silva
Mariana Soares de Freitas

SECAGEM DE MATERIAIS CERÂMICOS

Trabalho apresentado à disciplina de


Materiais Cerâmicos II, ministrada
pelo Profº. Dr. José Nilson França de
Holanda, no curso de Engenharia
Metalúrgica e de Materiais da
Universidade Estadual do Norte
Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro como
requisito parcial para conclusão e
aprovação nessa disciplina.

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Orientadora: Profº. Dr. José Nilson França de Holanda

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JUNHO de 2010

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Sumário

1 Introdução _____________________________________________________ 1
2 Formas de interação da umidade com o material _____________________ 3
3 Mecanismo e cinética de secagem. Transferência de Massa e Calor _____ 6
4 Contração______________________________________________________ 10
4.1 Curvas de Bigot ______________________________________________ 10
5 Técnicas de Secagem ____________________________________________ 13
5.1 Secagem por atomização – Spray Drying_________________________ 13
5.2 Secagem de umidade controlada________________________________ 13
5.3 Secagem de microondas_______________________________________ 14
5.4 Secagem de suspensões_______________________________________ 14
5.5 Secagem supercrítica e secagem por congelamento________________ 15
6 Secadores______________________________________________________ 16
6.1 Secadores com circulação de ar ou de câmaras____________________16
6.2 Secadores de ar úmido_________________________________________16
6.3 Secadores Contínuos__________________________________________17
6.4 Secador túnel ________________________________________________17
6.5 Secador Acelerado____________________________________________18
7 Defeitos de secagem_____________________________________________ 19
7.1 Casos de secagens específicos_________________________________ 20
7.1.1 Secagem de Placas_________________________________________ 20
7.1.2 Secagem de Pratos, Travessas, Tigelas e Peças Assemelhadas _____ 20
7.1.3 Vasos e Esculturas__________________________________________21
8 Otimização do processo de secagem _______________________________23
8.1 Aquecimento da peça _________________________________________24
/ 33 8.2 Eliminação de água de contração ou crítica_______________________26
8.3 Eliminação de água de porosidade______________________________ 27
9 Conclusão _____________________________________________________28
Referências______________________________________________________29
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Secagem dos Materiais Cerâmicos


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processo
ceramico
secadores
materiais ceramicos
ceramica
secagem

barbara-ferreira-...

ERRO
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