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Atividade Avaliativa de Língua Estrangeira Moderna ONE – Inglês.

NOME:____________________________________________________________ Nº: _______________

The Big Bang

The Big Bang Model is a theory that tries to 06.Fill in the blanks with these words from the text:
explain the evolution of the universe. According to this
theory, at some time between ten and twenty billion COOLED - HURLING - PARTICLES -
years ago, all matter and energy were compressed into OCCURRED - COMPONENTS - ENTIRE -
a small ball only a few kilometers in diameter. It was, PURE - BECAME - A FEW - REFER TO
in effect, one atom that contained all the components
of the entire universe in the form of pure energy. 1.Oxygen and hydrogen are the .............. of water.
Then, at a moment in the time that astronomers
refer to as t = 0 (t equals zero), the ball exploded, 2.Scientists say that our planet .............. very cold
hurling energy into space. Expansion occurred. As the during the glacial era.
energy cooled, most of it became matter in the form of
protons, neutrons, and electrons. These original 3.The explosion in the laboratory destroyed the
particles combined to form hydrogen and helium, and ............... building.
continued to expand. This expansion of matter formed
galaxies with stars and planets. 4.The sun in continuously ................. its rays to our
01.The text states that galaxies were formed:
a) ten billion years ago. 5.The explosion of the H-bomb over Hiroshima
b) fifteen billion years ago. .................. in 1945.
c) as a result of the expansion of matter.
d) twenty billion year ago. 6.Scientists .................... this theory as the Big Bang.

02.The text implies that: 7.Her soup ................ while she was talking on the
a) Energy and matter are the same thing. telefone.
b) Protons, neutrons, and electrons are not matter.
c) energy can be transformed into matter. 8.There are ................. other theories about the origin
d) galaxies stopped expanding when energy cooled. of the universe.

03.The name Big Bang describes: 9.That fountain is a source of ................... water.
a) the explosion of a ball of compressed energy.
b) matter in the form of neutrons, protons, and 10.Water is formed by two ................... of hydrogen
electrons. and one of oxygen.
c) the combination of hydrogen and helium to form
galaxies. Responda Verdadeiro ou Falso:
d) the hurling of energy into space.
1.( ) The universe was formed due to a big explosion.
04.The Big Bang is a model because: 2.( ) It is not possible for energy to became matter.
a) it gives a conclusive explanation for the formation 3.( ) t= 0 happened between 10 and 20 billion years ago.
of galaxies with stars and planets. 4.( ) At t= 0 there was only energy compressed into a
b) it explains why hydrogen and helium combine. ball.
c) astronomers use it to find time zero. 4.( ) Hydrogen and helium appeared after the Big Bang.
d) it tries to explain the formation of the universe.

05.The sentence that best summarizes the text is:

a) the Big Bang theory does not explain the evolution
of the universe.
b) According to the Big Bang Theory, an explosion
caused the formation of the
c) the universe is made of hydrogen and helium.
d) the universe is more than ten billion years old.