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# Configuración de polarización en emisor común

## 15.- Para la red de la figura 5.156:

a) Determine re
b) Encuentre Zi y Ze
c) Calcule Av
d) Repite las partes (b) y (c) con re= 20 kΩ

## 𝑉𝐶𝐶 −𝑉𝐵𝐸 20 𝑉−0,7 𝑉

a) 𝐼𝐵 = 𝑅 = 390𝐾Ω+(141)(1,2𝐾Ω)
𝐵 +(𝛽+1)𝑅𝐸

19,3 𝑉
𝐼𝐵 = = 34.51 𝜇𝐴
592,2 𝐾Ω
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (140 + 1)(34.51 𝜇𝐴) = 4.886 𝑚𝐴
26 𝑚𝑣 26 𝑚𝑣
𝑟𝑒 = = = 5.34 Ω
𝐼𝐸 4.886 𝑚𝐴

## 𝛽𝑅𝑐 (140)(2.2 𝑘Ω)

b) 𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 c) 𝐴𝑉 = − =−
𝑍𝑏 169.95 𝐾Ω

## 𝑍𝑏 = (140)(5.34Ω ) + (140 + 1)(1.2 𝐾Ω) = 747.6Ω+169.9kΩ 𝐴𝑉 = −1.81

𝑍𝑏 = 169.95 kΩ
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 390 kΩ || 169.95 kΩ = 118.37 kΩ

𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝑐 = 2.2𝑘Ω

𝑅 𝛽𝑅𝑐 𝑟𝑒 𝑅𝑐
(𝛽+1)+ 𝐶
𝑟𝑜 𝑉𝑜 − 𝑍𝑏 [1 + 𝑟𝑜 ] + 𝑟𝑜
d) 𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + [ (𝑅𝐶 +𝑅𝐸 )
] 𝑅𝐸 𝐴𝑣 = =
1+ 𝑉𝑖 𝑅
𝑟𝑜 1+ 𝑐
𝑟𝑜
(141) 2.2 𝑘 / 20 𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑏 = 747.6 Ω [ ] 1.2 𝑘Ω (140)(2.2𝑘Ω) 5.34Ω 2.2𝑘Ω
− + +
1 (3.4 𝑘 )/20 𝑘Ω
𝐴𝑉 = 145.47 kΩ [1 20𝑘Ω ] 20𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑏 = 747.6 Ω + 144.72 kΩ = 145.47 kΩ 2.2𝑘Ω
1+
20𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 390 kΩ || 145.47 kΩ = 105.95 kΩ −2.117 + 0.11
𝐴𝑉 = = −1.81
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝑐 = 2.2𝑘Ω (Cualquier nivel de 𝑟𝑜 ) 1.11
16.- Para la red de la figura 5.157, determine RE y RB si Av = -10 y re= 3.8 Ω. Suponga que Zb=βRE.

Aunque la condición 𝑟𝑜 ≥ 10𝑅𝑐 no es lo suficientemente cerca para permitir el uso del aproximado

𝛽𝑅𝑐 𝛽𝑅𝑐 𝑅𝑐
𝐴𝑉 = − =− =− = −10
𝑍𝑏 𝛽𝑅𝐸 𝑅𝐸
𝑅𝐶 8.2 𝑘Ω
𝑅𝐸 = = = 0.82 𝑘Ω
10 10
26 𝑚𝑣 26 𝑚𝑣
𝐼𝐸 = = = 6.842 𝑚𝐴
𝑟𝑒 3.8 Ω
𝑉𝐸 = 𝐼𝐸 𝑅𝐸 = (6.842 𝑚𝐴)(0.82 𝑘Ω) = 5.61 𝑉
𝑉𝐵 = 𝑉𝐸 + 𝑉𝐵𝐸 = 5.61 𝑉 + 0.7 𝑉 = 6.31 𝑉
𝐼𝐸 6.842 𝑚𝐴
𝐼𝐵 = = = 56.55 𝜇𝐴
(𝛽 + 1) 121

## b) 𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝛽𝑟𝑒 = 390 kΩ ||(140)(5.34 Ω) = 746.17 Ω 〈𝒗𝒔 𝟏𝟏𝟖. 𝟑𝟕 𝒌𝜴 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝒆𝒋. 𝟏𝟓〉

𝑅 2.2 𝑘Ω
c) 𝐴𝑉 = − 𝑟𝑐 = − 5.34 Ω = −411.19 〈𝒗𝒔 − 𝟏, 𝟏𝟖 𝜴 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝒆𝒋. 𝟏𝟓〉
𝑒

## 𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝑐 ||𝑟𝑜 = 2.2𝑘Ω || 20kΩ = 1.98 kΩ 〈𝒗𝒔 𝟐. 𝟐 𝒌𝜴 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝒆𝒋. 𝟏𝟓〉

𝑅𝑐 ||𝑟𝑜 1.98 kΩ
𝐴𝑉 = = − = −370.79 〈𝒗𝒔 − 𝟏. 𝟖𝟏 𝒌𝜴 𝒅𝒆𝒍 𝒆𝒋. 𝟏𝟓〉
𝑟𝑒 5.34 Ω
18.- Para la red de la figura 5.158:

a) Determine 𝑟𝑒
b) Encuentre 𝑍𝑖 y 𝐴𝑉

𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸
𝑎) 𝐼𝐵 =
𝑅𝐵 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸
22 𝑉 − 0.7 𝑉 21.3 V
𝐼𝐵 = =
330 𝐾Ω + (81)(1.2𝑘Ω + 0.47𝑘Ω ) 465.27 𝑘Ω
𝐼𝐵 = 45.78 𝜇𝐴
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (81)(45.78 𝜇𝐴) = 3.71 𝑚𝐴
26 𝑚𝑣 26 𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = =7Ω
𝐼𝐸 3.71 𝑚𝐴

𝑅𝐶
(𝛽 + 1) +
𝑟𝑜
𝑏) 𝑟𝑜 < 10(𝑅𝐶 + 𝑅𝐸 ) ⋯ 𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + [ ]𝑅
(𝑅 + 𝑅 ) 𝐸
1+ 𝐶𝑟 𝐸
𝑜

(81) + 5.6 𝑘 / 40 𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑏 = (80)(7Ω) + [ ] 1.2 𝑘Ω
1 (6.8 𝑘 )/40 𝑘Ω
81 + 0.14
𝑍𝑏 = 747.6 Ω [ ] 1.2 𝑘Ω
1 + 0.17
𝑍𝑏 = 83.78 𝑘Ω
𝛽𝑅𝑐 𝑟𝑒 𝑅𝑐
𝑉𝑜 − 𝑍𝑏 [1 + 𝑟𝑜 ] + 𝑟𝑜
𝐴𝑣 = =
𝑉𝑖 𝑅
1 + 𝑟𝑐
𝑜

(80)(5.6𝑘Ω) 7Ω 5.6𝑘Ω
− + +
𝐴𝑉 = 83.78 kΩ [1 40𝑘Ω] 40𝑘Ω
5.6𝑘Ω
1+
40𝑘Ω
−5.35 + 0.14
𝐴𝑉 = = −14.57
1 + 0.14
19.- para la red de la figura 5.159:

a) Determinar 𝑟𝑒 y 𝛽𝑟𝑒
b) Encuentre 𝑍𝑖 y 𝑍𝑜
c) Calcule 𝐴𝑉

𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸
𝑎) 𝐼𝐵 =
𝑅𝐵 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸
16 𝑉 − 0.7 𝑉 15.3 V
𝐼𝐵 = =
270 𝐾Ω + (111)(2.7𝑘Ω ) 569.7 𝑘Ω
𝐼𝐵 = 26.86 𝜇𝐴
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (110 + 1)(26.86𝜇𝐴) = 2.98𝑚𝐴
26 𝑚𝑣 26 𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 8.72 Ω
𝐼𝐸 2.98 𝑚𝐴
𝛽𝑟𝑒 = (110)(8.72 Ω) = 959.2 Ω

𝑅𝐸 2.7𝑘Ω
𝑏) 𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 𝑐) 𝐴𝑉 = = ≅ 0.997
𝑅𝐸 + 𝑟𝑒 2.7𝑘Ω + 8.69 Ω
𝑍𝑏 = 959.2 Ω + (111)(2.7 𝐾Ω) = 300.66 𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 270 kΩ || 300.66 kΩ = 142.25 kΩ

## 𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐸 ||𝑟𝑒 = 27 kΩ || 8.72 Ω = 8.69 Ω

20.- Para la red de la figura 5.160:

a) Determinar 𝑍𝑖 y 𝑍𝑜
b) Encuentre 𝐴𝑉
c) Calcule 𝑉𝑂 si 𝑉𝐼 = 1𝑚𝑉

𝑉𝐶𝐶 − 𝑉𝐵𝐸
𝑎) 𝐼𝐵 =
𝑅𝐵 + (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸
8 𝑉 − 0.7 𝑉
𝐼𝐵 = = 6.84 𝜇𝐴
390 𝐾Ω + (121)(5.6𝑘Ω )
𝐼𝐸 = (𝛽 + 1)𝐼𝐵 = (121)(6.84𝜇𝐴) = 0.828 𝑚𝐴
26 𝑚𝑣 26 𝑚𝑉
𝑟𝑒 = = = 31.4 Ω
𝐼𝐸 0.828 𝑚𝐴
𝑟𝑜 < 10𝑅𝐸
(𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸
𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 + (121)5.6𝑘Ω
1 + 𝑅𝐸 /𝑟𝑜 (𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸 /𝑍𝑏
𝑏) 𝐴𝑉 = = 598.16 kΩ ≅ 0.994
121(5.6 𝑘Ω) 1 + 𝑅𝐸 /𝑟𝑜 1 + 5.6 kΩ/40kΩ
𝑍𝑏 = (120)(31.4 Ω) +
1 + 5.6 𝑘Ω/40 𝐾Ω
𝑍𝑏 = 3.77 𝑘Ω + 594.39 𝑘Ω = 598.16 𝑘Ω 𝑉𝑜
𝑐) 𝐴𝑉 = = 0.994
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 390 kΩ || 598.16 kΩ = 236.1 kΩ 𝑉𝑖

## 𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐸 ||𝑟𝑒 = 5.6 kΩ ||31.4 Ω = 31.2 Ω 𝑉𝑜 = 𝐴𝑉 𝑉𝑖 = (0.994)(1𝑚𝑉) = 0.004 𝑚𝑉

21.- Para la red de la figura 5.161:

a) Calcule 𝐼𝐵 y 𝐼𝐶
b) Determine 𝑟𝑒
c) Determine 𝑍𝑖 y 𝑍𝑜
d) Encuentre 𝐴𝑉

(𝛽 + 1)𝑅𝐸
𝑐) 𝑍𝑏 = 𝛽𝑟𝑒 +
1 + 𝑅𝐸 /𝑟𝑜
121(5.6 𝑘Ω)
𝑍𝑏 = (120)(31.4 Ω) +
1 + 5.6 𝑘Ω/40 𝐾Ω
𝑍𝑏 = 3.77 𝑘Ω + 594.39 𝑘Ω = 598.16 𝑘Ω
𝑍𝑖 = 𝑅𝐵 ||𝑍𝑏 = 390 kΩ || 598.16 kΩ = 236.1 kΩ
𝑍𝑜 = 𝑅𝐸 ||𝑟𝑒 = 5.6 kΩ ||31.4 Ω = 31.2 Ω
17