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CH3002 - MASS TRANSFER – I

Tutorial –V solutions

6.
A solid disc of benzoic acid 3 cm in diameter is spin at 20 rpm and 25C.
Calculate the rate of dissolution in a large volume of water. Diffusivity of
benzoic acid in water is 1.0 * 10 –5 cm 2/sec, and solubility is 0.003 g/cc. The
following mass transfer correlation is applicable:

Sh = 0.62 Re ½ Sc 1/3

D2 
Where Re  and  is the angular speed in radians/time.

Calculations:

Dissolution rate = N A S ---------------------------- (1)

Where N A = mass flux, and


S = surface area for mass transfer

N A = k c (C As – C A ) -------------------------------- (2)

Where C As is the concentration of benzoic and at in water at the surface of the dose.
C A is the concentration benzoic acid in wate for an from the surface of the
disc.

Given:
Sh = 0.62 Re ½ Sc 1/3
1 1
kc D D  2
 2   3
(i.e.)  0.62     ------------------ (3)
D AB      D AB 
   

1 rotation = 2  radian
Therefore 20 rotation per minute = 20 * 2  radian/min
20
 * 2  radian sec
60
For water  = 1 g/cm 3  = 1 centipoise = 0.01 g/cm.sec.

From (3),
1 1
  2    3
k c  0.62 D    
AB
     D AB 
 
1 1
 40  60 * 1 2  0.01  3
 0.62 * 1.0 * 10 5 *    
 0.01   1 * 1.0 * 10  5 
= 8.973 * 10 –4 cm/sec.

From (2),

N A = 8.973 * 10 –4 (0.003 – 0)
= 2.692 * 10 –6 g/cm 2.sec

From (1),

N A S = N A * (2r 2)
= 2.692 * 10 –6 * (2 * 1.5 2)
= 3.805 * 10 –5 g/sec
= 0.137 g/hr.