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Design Constants for Working Stress Method

i) Grade of concrete 25 MPa


ii) Grade of steel 500 MPa

iii) Compr stress in concrete c 8.5 table 21 page 81 IS 456


iv) Tensile stress in steel t 275
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 10.98
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.253
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.916
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.986

Design

i) Height of Tank h 3.60 meters


ii) Saturated Soil Density γs 19.55
iii) Water Density γw 9.81 KN/cum
iv) Dry Soil Density γ' = γ - γw 9.74 KN/cum
v) SBC qo 80 KN/sqm
Angle of repose 22 degrees
vi) Ø
0.384 radians
Active Pressure Coefficients
vii) Ka 0.45
= (1-SinØ) / (1+SinØ)

A) Design of Long Walls

a) Tank empty with pressure of saturated soil from side


i) Active pressure pa = (Ka*γ'*H) + (γw*H) 51 KN pa = w*l/2
ii) Beanding Moment at base of wall M = (pa) *H/3 62 KN/m

iii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.250 meters


iv) Thickness provided ts 0.300 meters
Thickness of Stem is OK

v) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 824 sqmm


vi) Ast provided 20 mm dia @ 250 mm c/c 1257 sqmm
vii) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.31 %
Steel OK

50 % bars to be Curtailed from base h1 = h - h*(1/2)1/3 0.74 meters


viii) 12dia 0.24 meters
plus 12 dia or thickness
thinkness 0.30 meters
Total curtaliment length from base 1.04 meters IS 456 caluse 26.2.3.1 page 44

ix) Ast required Ast min = 12 % of area 360 sqmm


Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK

b) Tank full with water and no earth fill outside


i) Active pressure pa = (γw*H) 35 KN pa = w*l/2
ii) Beanding Moment at base of wall M = (pa) *H/3 42 KN/m

iii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.207 meters


iv) Thickness provided ts 0.300 meters
Thickness of Stem is OK

v) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 568 sqmm


vi) Ast provided 20 mm dia @ 250 mm c/c 1257 sqmm
vii) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.21 %
Steel OK
50 % bars to be Curtailed from base h1 = h - h*(1/2)1/3 0.74 meters
viii) 12dia 0.24 meters
plus 12 dia or thickness
thinkness 0.30 meters
Total curtaliment length from base 1.04 meters IS 456 caluse 26.2.3.1 page 44

ix) Ast required Ast min = 12 % of area 360 sqmm


Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK
UGT Top Slab
Clear dimensions:
Short span S= 6.25 mts
Long span L= 6.38 mts
Assumed slab thickness t= 0.200 mts greater than 'min. eff depth reqd'. Hence ok
Grade of concrete fck= 25 N/mm^2
Grade of reinforcement fy= 500 N/mm^2

Type of panel
Loads
Self weight of slab w1= 5.00 kN/m^2
Floor finish w2= 1.50 kN/m^2 6.38 mts
Live load w3= 2.00 kN/m^2
Wall load w4= kN/m^2
Filling Load w5= kN/m^2 TOTAL
Miscellaneous w6= kN/m^2 8.50 6.25 mts
kN/m^2
Ratio of long span to short span R= 1.05
Design Load with load factor of 1.5 Wu= 12.75 kN/m^2

Design
Coeff BM k pt Ast Dia Spacing d
Short span direction
Negative moment at continuous edge 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 240 20 1309 165
Positive moment at midspan 0.047 23.41 0.86 0.21 340 20 923 165

Long span direction


Negative moment at continuous edge 0.057 28.39 1.35 0.33 482 20 651 145
Positive moment at midspan 0.043 21.42 1.02 0.25 357 20 879 145

Minimum effective depth reqd dre= 90.71 mm


Clear cover to top reinforcement c= 25 mm
Clear cover to bottom reinforcement c= 25 mm
Minimum effective depth provided dpr= 145 mm greater than 'min. eff depth reqd'. Hence ok
Minimum reinforcement Amin= 240 mm^2

Deflection check

Reinf provided at midspan along short direction 1256.64 mm^2 Dia 20 at 250 mm
Stress in reinforcement fs= 78.52 N/mm^2
Percentage of reinforcement provided pt= 0.76 %
Modification factor as per fig 4 of IS:456-2000 MF= 2.000

Basic span to effective depth ratio 26


Minimum effective depth reqd from deflection criteria 120.19 mm
Effective depth provided 165 mm greater than 'min. eff depth reqd'. Hence ok
UGT Bottom Slab

Design of bottom slab:- If ther is no sub-soil water nominal reinforcement would required .
However, because of saturated sub-soil, there will uplift pressure on the bottom slab, of the magnitude given by.
2
pu = wH1 = 9810 x 3.60 = 35316 N/m (assuming base slab thickness = 400 mm)
Chech against flotation.; The hole tank must be check against flotation when the tank is empty.
Total upward flotation force. = Pu = pu x B x L
Pu = 35316 x 6.25 x 8.72 = 1923618 N
Total down ward force consists of weight of tank. Base slab thickness = 400 mm
Weight of walls = 0.25 x 2.00 x( 6.25 + 8.72 )x 3.60 x 25000 = 673425 N
Weight of roof slab and finishing = 0.25 x 6.25 x 8.72 x 25000 = 340429.6875 N
Weight of base slab = 0.4 x 6.25 x 10 x 25000 = 607500 N
Weight of pump room Slab = 2.84 x 0.15 x 6 x 25000 = 66562.5 N
Weight of pump room beam 2 Nos' = 0.23 x 0.45 x 2 x 25000 = 10867.5 N
Weight of pump room beam 2 Nos' = 0.23 x 0.60 x 6 x 25000 = 41400 N
Weight of pump room Wall = 0.23 x 3.00 x 7 x 20000 = 95979 N
Weight of pump room Sump Wall = 1.5 x 0.40 x 1 x 25000 = 15000 N
Weight of pump room Sump Wall = 1.5 x 0.25 x 1 x 25000 = 9375 N
Weight of Mid Vertical Wall pump room = 0.125 x 3.60 x 6 x 25000 = 67500 N

Total weight W = 1928038.688 N


1923618 < 1928038.69 upward force is less than down ward force.
The Bottom slab will be design as one way slab. Cosidered one metre length
Upward water pressure Pu = 35316 N/m2
Self weight of slab : 1 x 1 x 0.4 x 25000 = 10000 N/m2
\ Net upward pressure, p = 35316 - 10000 = 25316 N/m2
Weight of wall per m. run = 0.25 x 3.60 x 1 x 25000 = 22500 N/m
weight of roof slab, transferred to each wall, per m run
= 0.20 x( 2 + 0.25 )x 1 x 25000 = 11250 N
Weight of earth projection = 18000 x 4 x 1 x 0.50
= 64800 x 1 x 0.50 = 32400 N/m
\ Net unbalanced force/m run = 35316 ( 7.50 x 1 ) - 2 x( 22500 +
32400 + 11250 = 132570 N
\ Reaction on each wall = 132570 / 2 = 66285 N
2
Pa '= Ka yH +wH = 45000 N/m \ pa = 45000 x 4 / 2 = 81000 N/m
Acting at = 4 / 3 + 0.4 = 1.6 m above the bottom of base slab
B.M. at the edge of 25316 x 0.50 2
+ 64800 x 0.50 2
81000 x 1.6 -
cantilever portion '= 2 2.00
= 102165 N-m or 102165000 N-mm

2
B.M. At center of span = 25316 x 7.50 + 81000 x 1.6 -( 22500 + 32400
2 x 2
6.25 7.50
+ 11250 )x - 64800 x 0.50 x( - 0.25 )'=
2 2
= 178003 + 1E+05 "- 206719 - 113400
= -12516 N-m or -12516000 N-mm
102165000
Required depth = = 322 mm
0.986 x 1000
Provide total depth = 322 + 50 = 380 mm so that available d= 330 mm

102165000
Ast = = 1230 mm2
275 x 0.916 x 330
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100

Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 314 / 1230 = 255 say = 250 mm


Hence Provided 20 mm F bar, @ 250 mm c/c at bottom Face
For top face,
12516000
Ast = = 151 mm2
275 x 0.916 x 330
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 314 / 151 = 2079 say = 2070 mm
Hence Provided 20 mm F bar, @ 2070 mm c/c
Disrtibution reinforcement in longitudinal direction
380 - 100
= 0.30 - 0.1 x = 0.21 %
400 - 100
0.21 x 1000 x 380
Area of steel = = 785 mm2 On each face = 393 mm2
100

3.14xdia2 3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars A = = = 113.0 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 113.0 / 393 = 288 say = 280 mm
Hence Provided 12 mm F bar, @ 250 mm c/c. on each face