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Department of Environment and

Natural Resources

ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT
BUREAU
Declaration of Principles

“ The State shall protect and advance the right of


the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in
accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature”
Mandates
The EMB is mandated to implement on the nationwide
scale the following environmental laws:
– RA 8749 (Clean Air Act of 1999)
– PD 1586 (Environmental Impact Statement
System)
– RA 6969 (Toxic Substances and Hazardous and
Nuclear Wastes Control Act)
– RA 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management
Act) as National Solid Waste Management Commission
Secretariat and Manager of the National Ecology Center
– RA 9275 (Philippine Clean Water Act)

Under E.O. 192, EMB is also mandated to conduct education


and information services; provide research and laboratory services;
services; and
serve as secretariat in the adjudication of pollution cases.
Clean Air Act (RA 8749)
The implementation of CAA is focused primarily on the following
concerns:
1. Implementation of Linis Hangin Program (Bantay
Tambutso, Bantay Tsimneya, & Bantay Sunog Basura)
2. Improvement of Fuel Quality
3. Installation of Air Quality Monitoring Network
4. Establishment of Airshed and Governing Boards
5. Roadside Vehicle Monitoring and Enforcement
6. Pre-registration Emission Testing Requirement
7. Promotion of Non-Burn Technology
8. Establishment of Emission Standards
Clean Air Act (RA 8749)
Institutional
Arrangements for Lead agency responsible for air
EMB-DENR
the Implementation quality management

of RA 8749 Formulates policies and


-DENR - PO Governing standards subject to national
-LGU - Private
Sector
Board laws

Other
DOTC DOE DTI DOST LGU NGOs POs Stake-
holders

• Develop & Coordinate


• Implement Regulate implement
Manage and
w/ the Participate, cooperate and enter into
emission the use of standards/ maintain the
DENR in agreement in the furtherance of the
standards fuels, fuel procedures for air quality
the certification of the objectives of the Act
for motor additives within their
training
vehicles and other institutions,
establish- territorial
• authorize related instructors & ment of the jurisdiction
PETC substances facilities & Air
licensing of Pollution
qualified private
service centers &
Research
technicians and
• Accredit PETC Develop-
• Regulate ment
imported 2nd hand Program
MV engines
Environmental Permits
CLEAN AIR ACT (RA 8749)

 Permit to Operate for Air Pollution Source and


Control Facility (APSCF) for Stationary Sources
 Certificate of Conformity (COC) for new motor
vehicles for type approval
 Certificate of conformity (COC) for emission test
equipment

 Sanctions: Penalty-P100T/violation
Environmental Impact Assessment
(PD 1586)

Primary agency that implements the EIS system and


provides the Secretary with the recommendations in the
issuance of Environmental Compliance Certificate
(ECC)

•Planning tool that requires


a proposed project to undergo
EIA process before actual implementation.
Environmental Permits
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
SYSTEM (PD 1586)

 Environmental Compliance Certificate


 Certificate of Non-Coverage of Environmental
Impact Statement

 Sanctions: Penalty-P50T/violation
Environmental Impact Assessment
(PD 1586)

Implement Streamlined Procedures for ECC


Per AO 03-30, s 2003

1982--2003
1982 2003--present
2003

Environmentally-Critical Projects
(ECP) One (1) year 40 days

Non- ECPs - Initial Environmental


Examination (IEE) 75 days 20 days

Certificate of Non-Coverage (CNC) 30 days 1 day


A. List of ECPs
Table 1-1: Summary List of Environmentally Critical Project (ECP)
Types and Environmentally Critical Area (ECA) Categories

1. Heavy Industries – Non-ferrous Metal Industries, Iron and Steel


Mills, Petroleum and Petro-chemical Industries including Oil & Gas,
Smelting Plants
2. Resource Extractive Industries – Major Mining & Quarrying
Projects, Forestry Projects (logging, major wood processing
projects, introduction of fauna (exotic animals) in public and private
forests, forest occupancy, extraction of mangrove products,
grazing), Fishery Projects (dikes for/ and fishpond development
projects)
3. Infrastructure Projects – Major Dams, Major Power Plants (fossil-
fueled, nuclear fueled, hydroelectric or geothermal), Major
Reclamation Projects, Major Roads and Bridges - As declared
by Proclamation No. 803 (1996)
4.All golf course projects
B. List of ECA Categories - As declared by
1. All areasProclamation No.
declared by law as 2146 (1981)
national parks,
watershed reserves, wildlife preserves, sanctuaries
2. Areas set aside as aesthetic potential tourist spots

3. Areas which constitute the habitat of any endangered


or threatened species of Philippine wildlife (flora and
fauna)
4. Areas of unique historic, archaeological, or scientific
interests
5. Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural
communities or tribes
6. Areas frequently visited and/or hard-hit by natural
calamities (geologic hazards, floods, typhoons, volcanic
activity, etc.)
B. List of ECA Categories - As declared by Proclamation
7. Areas with critical slopes
No. 2146 (1981)
8. Areas classified as prime agricultural lands
9. Recharged areas of aquifers
10. Water bodies characterized by one or any combination of the
following conditions: tapped for domestic purposes; within the
controlled and/or protected areas declared by appropriate
authorities; which support wildlife and fishery activities
11. Mangrove areas characterized by one or any combination of the
following conditions: with primary pristine and dense young
growth; adjoining mouth of major river systems; near or adjacent to
traditional productive fry or fishing grounds; areas which act as
natural buffers against shore erosion, strong winds and storm
floods; areas on which people are dependent for their livelihood.
12. Coral reefs characterized by one or any combination of the
following conditions: With 50% and above live coralline cover;
Spawning and nursery grounds for fish; Act as natural breakwater
of coastline
Clean Water Act (RA 9275)
Clean Water Act Highlights:
1. National Water Quality Status Report
2. Integrated Water Quality Management Framework
3. Water Quality Management Area (WQMA) Action Plan for each
WQMA
4. Designation and Management of WQMAs and designation of its
Governing Board
5. Designation and Management of Non-Attainment Areas
6. Water Quality Guidelines
7. Effluent Standards
8. Classification and re-classification of waterbodies
9. Classification of groundwater sources
10. Categories of point and non-point sources
11. Accreditation System of laboratories
12. Sewerage and Septage Management Program
13. Implementation of waste water charge system
14. Water Quality Management Fund
15. Information Dissemination Campaign
Clean Water Act (RA 9275)
Institutional Linkages for the Implementation of RA 9275

LGUs
MWCI PIA
Congressional MWSI DepEd
Oversight
LWUA DILG
Committee
MWSS DA
DPWH DOST
Civil Society DENR NWRB DOH

LLDA WQMA Board


WQMA Board Functions: Prepare & publish on a regular basis a Water Quality Status Report for the WQMA & submit a
copy to the Dept. for consolidation into the Nat’l. Water Quality Status Report; Formulate strategies to
coordinate/policies/regulations/local legislation necessary for the effecti ve implementation of the CWA; Review the initial
WQMA Action Plan prepared by the DENR and draft a common and integrated compliance plan; Monitor & facilitate the
compliance of local governments w/ the WQMA Action Plan; Coordinate relevant activities among its members & member
agencies & facilitate resolution of conflicts; and undertake complementary interventions for non-point sources, considering
their greater contribution to pollution.
Environmental Permits

CLEAN WATER ACT (RA 9275)

 Wastewater Discharge Permit

 Sanctions: Penalty-P10T-200T/day of violation


Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear
Wastes Control Act (RA 6969)

r Regulates, restricts & prohibits


the importation, manufacture,
processing, sale, distribution,
use and disposal of chemical
substances and mixtures that
present unreasonable risk and
or injury to health or the
environment, to prohibit the
entry even in transit, of
hazardous and nuclear wates
and their disposal into
philippine territorial limits for
whatever purpose.
Environmental Permits
TOXIC SUBSTANCES & HAZARDOUS &
NUCLEAR WASTES CONTROL ACT (RA 6969)

 Permit to Transport Hazardous Waste


 Clearance for Importation of Recyclable Materials
Containing Hazardous Substance
 Export Clearance-Transmittal Notification for
Hazardous Waste/Recyclable Materials
 Registration of Hazardous Waste Transporter
 Registration of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage
and Disposal (TSD) Facility
Environmental Permits
TOXIC SUBSTANCES & HAZARDOUS &
NUCLEAR WASTES CONTROL ACT (RA 6969)

 Small Quantity Importation (SQI) Clearance


 Registration Certificates for Chemical Control Orders
(CCOs) (Cyanide, Mercury & Asbestos)
 Importation Clearances for CCOs (Cyanide, Mercury
& Asbestos)
 Pre-Manufacturing & Pre-Importation Notification
(PMPIN) Certification
 Registration for the Importation of Ozone-Depleting
Substances (ODS) & Alternative Chemical
Substances
Environmental Permits
TOXIC SUBSTANCES & HAZARDOUS &
NUCLEAR WASTES CONTROL ACT (RA 6969)

 Pre-Shipment/Importation Clearance for ODS


Alternative Chemical Substances
 Certificate of Polychlorinated Biphenyls
 Registration of Hazardous Waste Generator (HWG)
 Permit to Transport Hazardous Waste
 Clearance for Importation of Recyclable Materials
Containing Hazardous Substance
 Registration of Hazardous Waste Generator
 Sanctions: Penalty – P10T-P50T/violation
Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act (RA 9003)
Salient Provisions
Institutional Mechanisms
9 Creates, under the Office of the President, the 17-member National Solid
Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) chaired by the DENR
Secretary
9 Establishes the solid waste management boards and committees at the
provincial, city, municipal and barangay levels as well as the National
Ecology Center
Compliance with RA 9003
9 Segregation at Source
9 Segregated Collection
9 Establishment of Materials Recovery Facilities/Systems
9 Closure of open dumpsites or conversion to controlled dumps and the
development of sanitary landfills or other final disposal systems
Prohibited Acts, Fines and Penalties, Citizens’ Suits, Administrative
and Enforcement procedures
DPWH
Environmental Permits
ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
ACT (RA 9003)

 Authority to Close Open Dumps of Garbage


 Environmental Compliance Certificate
 Sanctions: Penalty P1T-P500T/violation
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

MAJOR
PROGRAMS
Secure the Quality of
Water Resources
BEACH ECOWATCH
• Assess and disclose quality of 28
bathing beaches in addition to 41
¾ As of December 2010, 41 bathing
beaches already assessed:
Ö 34 bathing beaches passed
Ö 7 bathing beaches failed
Ö For disclosure to LGUs for recognition for
good quality beaches and technical
assistance for those not complying with
standards

By 2011, assess and disclose 101 bathing beaches


Secure the Quality of
Water Resources
TAPWATCH PROGRAM
Assess the quality of drinking water
in poor barangays/communities
ƒ 58 poor barangays
¾ A total of 182 barangay sites were
assessed for Fecal and Total Coliform,
some for pH (water in 29 barangays were
found potable)

ƒ Assist in the preparation of water


quality improvement plan with LGUs
and DOH

By 2011, assess quality of drinking water in 320 poor barangays


Secure the Quality of
Water Resources
INDUSTRIAL ECOWATCH
Rate 3 priority sectors, in addition to 4 sectors in 2004
– Sugar & Refineries, Beverage, Pulp and Paper, Cement
Plants, Semicon, Meat Processing and Canning. Rating
criteria based on effluent to be given color codes
pursuant to DAO 98-51
• Gold – Outstanding
• Silver – Excellent
• Green – Very Good
• Blue – Good
• Red – Bad
• Black – Very Bad
Secure the Quality of
Water Resources

‰ Implement
nationwide the
Environmental
Users’ Fee (EUF)
System

‰ Classify the
remaining
unclassified 192
principal rivers,
out of 421
Establish Management System and Facilities for Toxic
Chemicals and Substances and Hazardous Waste

CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT
• Monitor and register controlled
chemical importers/
manufacturers, users and
ensure compliance of industries
• Inspect and validate 100% of
CCO registrants
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
• 100% TSD facilities
monitored and inspected
• 100% HWG facilities monitored
and inspected
Establish Management System and Facilities for Toxic
Chemicals and Substances and Hazardous Waste

– Complete registration of about 6,929


Hazardous Waste Generators (HWGs)
– Register 825 hospitals as
HWGs and provide TA for efficient
treatment and disposal of hazardous
waste

¾ Registered a total of 5,657 HWGs


Nationwide Management and
Phase-out Program for ODS

• Reduce ODP MT importation by


55% of baseline level (1509 ODP
MT)
Phase-out Schedule
ODS (Montreal Protocol)

NAME OF ODS BASE LEVEL FREEZE 20% 30% 50% 70% 85% PHASEOUT
CFC (Annex A) 1995-1997 1999 2005 2007 2010
CFC (Annex B) 1998-2000 2003 2007 2010
Halons 1995-1997 2002 2005 2010
Methyl Bromide
1995-1998 2002 2005 2015
(non-QPS only)
Methyl
Chloroform 1998-2000 2003 2005 2015
(1,1,1 TCA)
Carbon
Tetrachloride 1998-2000 2005 2010
(CTC)
HCFC's 2015 2015 2040
Persistent Organic Pollutants

12 Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

carbon-based compounds that remain intact in the


environment for long periods of time accumulated in
the fatty acids of the living organisms and are toxic to
human and wildlife
DDT Hexachlorobenzene
Chlordane Dioxins
Endrin Furans
Aldrin Dieldrin
Mirex Heptachlor
Toxaphene Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Promote the
Ecological Solid Waste Management

• Monitor LGUs in the closure of open dumps/ conversion to


controlled dumps/development of sanitary landfill sites (Metro
Manila, Metro Cebu & Metro Davao)
¾ Provided assistance in conversion of open
dumps to controlled dumps:
Ö 309 controlled dumps
Ö 1,038 Material Recovery Facilities servicing
1,445 barangays
Ö 100 open dumps closed
Promote the
Ecological Solid Waste Management

• Technical Assistance in the


clean-up of identified
clogged esteros nationwide
¾ 27 LGUs (5 in MM) assisted
in the clean-up of clogged
esteros
Further Streamline the
EIS System

ƒ Liberalize the issuance of ECC

¾ Develop simplified
requirements focusing
on addressing critical
impacts and risks
associated with ECA
projects

¾ Third Party Environmental


Audit (TPEA)
Fastrack Disposition of
Pending Pollution Cases

Pollution Adjudication Board – The Board is composed of


the Secretary as the Chairman, two (2) Undersecretaries as
may be designated by the Secretary, the Director of the EMB,
and three (3) others to be designated by the Secretary as
members per Sec. 19 of EO 192.

As PAB Secretariat, priority activities are as follows:


• Reactivate/update remaining pending cases at the PAB
• Prioritize monitoring of firms with PAB Cases

¾ Out of 498 Pollution Cases in 2004, 247 resolutions were


issued/acted upon in CY 2010 (i.e. 20 CDO, 40 FLO, 27
TLO, 161 others)
Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM)

‰ DENR as Designated National Authority


for CDM

64 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)


eligible projects for review and approval

‰ CDM was established under Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol


to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC) and is designed to provide an incentive
for developed countries to transfer greenhouse emission
reduction technologies into developing countries.
Philippine Environment
Partnership Program (PEPP)

• Revise DENR Administrative Order of PEPP on


Track 1 & 2 participants
• Monitor the performance of PEPP partners (14
industry association
Pollution Research and
Laboratory Services

ƒ Implement laboratory
recognition scheme (33
laboratories already DENR
recognized)
ƒ Upgrade the regional
laboratory facilities and
equipment
ƒ Register Sample Collectors
Continually Improve
Organizational Performance

ƒ Continue to improve EMB’s


EMS implementation to
maintain the international
recognition
ƒ Enhance institutional capability
to respond to its expanded
environmental mandates
Thank You!

Please visit our website at:


www.emb.gov.ph

Or ee-mail
-mail us at:
emb@emb.gov.ph