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Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics: Tabular and Graphical Methods

Part 1

1. A tabular summary of a set of data, which shows the frequency of the appearance of data
elements in several nonoverlapping classes is termed

A. the class width

B. a frequency polygon

C. :-) a frequency distribution

D. a histogram

E. none of the above

See Page 25 of the text for more information.

2. A tabular summary of a set of data showing classes of the data and the fraction of the items
belonging to each class is called

A. the class width

B. :-) a relative frequency distribution

C. a cumulative relative frequency distribution

D. an ogive

E. none of the above

See Page 26 of the text for more information.

3. A histogram is

A. :-) a graphical presentation of a frequency or relative frequency distribution

B. a graphical method of presenting a cumulative frequency or a cumulative relative


frequency distribution

C. the history of data elements

D. none of the above

See Page 33 of the text for more information.

4. The length of the interval forming a class is called

A. the class midpoint

B. the lower class limit

C. the upper class limit


D. :-) the class width

E. none of the above

See Page 31 of the text for more information.

5. A graphical method of presenting qualitative data by frequency distribution is termed

A. a frequency polygon

B. an ogive

C. :-) a bar graph

D. none of the above

See Page 26 of the text for more information.

6. The sum of frequencies for all classes will always equal

A. 1

B. :-) the number of elements in a data set

C. the number of classes

D. a value between 0 to 1

E. none of the above

See Page 26 of the text for more information.

7. The relative frequency of a class is computed by

A. dividing the midpoint of the class by the sample size

B. dividing the frequency of the class by the midpoint

C. dividing the sample size by the frequency of the class

D. :-) dividing the frequency of the class by the sample size

E. none of the above

See Page 26 of the text for more information.

8. If several frequency distributions are constructed from the same data set, the distribution with
the narrowest class width will have the

A. fewest classes

B. :-) most classes


C. same number of classes as the other distributions since all are constructed from the
same data

D. none of the above

See Page 31 of the text for more information.

9. In a cumulative relative frequency distribution, the last class will have a cumulative relative
frequency equal to

A. :-) one

B. zero

C. the total number of elements in the data set

D. none of the above

See Page 34 of the text for more information.

10. A tabular method that can be used to summarize the data on two variables simultaneously is
called

A. simultaneous equations

B. an ogive

C. a histogram

D. :-) crosstabulation

E. none of the above


Part 2

Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics: Tabular and Graphical Methods

1. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class

Grade Frequency
A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
What is the relative frequency of the D grade?

A. 0.07

B. :-) 0.14

C. 7

D. 14

E. 50.4

2. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class:
Grade Frequency
A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
What is the relative frequency of the B grade?

A. 0.15

B. :-) 0.30

C. 30

D. 108

E. None of the above


3. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class:
Grade Frequency
A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
When constructing a pie chart, how many degrees would be in the section of the pie showing
the F grade?

A. 0.06

B. 6

C. :-) 21.6

D. None of the above

4. A bar graph is appropriate when summarizing

A. quantitative data

B. ? qualitative data

5. A histogram is appropriate when summarizing

A. :-) quantitative data

B. qualitative data

6. Define ogive

A. A percent frequency distribution

B. :-) A graph of a cumulative distribution

C. A tabular summary of data for two variables

D. The beginning of the song "Home on the Range."

7. Read left to right, an ogive can never decrease.

A. :-) True

B. False
8. A sample of ten price/earnings ratios for companies in the Services sector follows.
37 11 14 17 12 21 24 17 28 30
If a stem-and leaf display were constructed for this sample, how many leaves would there be for
the "3" stem?

A. 0

B. 1

C. :-) 2

D. 3

E.

9. The last entry in a cumulative relative frequency distribution is always one.

A. :-) True

B. False

10. To summarize two variables simultaneously, one could use which of the following?

A. a. Crosstabulation

B. b. An ogive

C. c. A scatter diagram

D. :-) d. Either a or c

E. e. None of the above

11. When using crosstabulation, both variables must be quantitative.

A. True

B. ? False

12. When using a scatter diagram, both variables must be quantitative

A. :-) a. True

B. b. False

13. If a scatter diagram shows a negative relation then, in general, as

A. x increases, y increases

B. y increases, x increases

C. :-) x increases, y decreases

D. None of the above


14. If you were to summarize the birth month (January, February, March, ...) of the students in your
dorm, which method would be appropriate?

A. a. An ogive

B. b. A stem-and-leaf display

C. :-) c. A bar graph

D. d. None of the above

15. You would like to compare students' grades (A, B, C, D, F) in an Economics class to their grades
in a Statistics class. Which method would be appropriate

A. :-) Crosstabulation

B. A bar graph

C. A dot plot