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# Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics: Tabular and Graphical Methods

Part 1

1. A tabular summary of a set of data, which shows the frequency of the appearance of data
elements in several nonoverlapping classes is termed

## A. the class width

B. a frequency polygon

D. a histogram

## See Page 25 of the text for more information.

2. A tabular summary of a set of data showing classes of the data and the fraction of the items
belonging to each class is called

D. an ogive

## See Page 26 of the text for more information.

3. A histogram is

## B. a graphical method of presenting a cumulative frequency or a cumulative relative

frequency distribution

## C. the upper class limit

D. :-) the class width

## 5. A graphical method of presenting qualitative data by frequency distribution is termed

A. a frequency polygon

B. an ogive

A. 1

## C. the number of classes

D. a value between 0 to 1

## See Page 26 of the text for more information.

8. If several frequency distributions are constructed from the same data set, the distribution with
the narrowest class width will have the

A. fewest classes

## B. :-) most classes

C. same number of classes as the other distributions since all are constructed from the
same data

## See Page 31 of the text for more information.

9. In a cumulative relative frequency distribution, the last class will have a cumulative relative
frequency equal to

A. :-) one

B. zero

## See Page 34 of the text for more information.

10. A tabular method that can be used to summarize the data on two variables simultaneously is
called

A. simultaneous equations

B. an ogive

C. a histogram

D. :-) crosstabulation

Part 2

## Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics: Tabular and Graphical Methods

1. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class

A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
What is the relative frequency of the D grade?

A. 0.07

B. :-) 0.14

C. 7

D. 14

E. 50.4

2. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class:
A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
What is the relative frequency of the B grade?

A. 0.15

B. :-) 0.30

C. 30

D. 108

## E. None of the above

3. You are given the following frequency of grades for a Business Statistics class:
A 10
B 15
C 15
D7
F3
50
When constructing a pie chart, how many degrees would be in the section of the pie showing

A. 0.06

B. 6

C. :-) 21.6

## 4. A bar graph is appropriate when summarizing

A. quantitative data

B. ? qualitative data

## A. :-) quantitative data

B. qualitative data

6. Define ogive

## 7. Read left to right, an ogive can never decrease.

A. :-) True

B. False
8. A sample of ten price/earnings ratios for companies in the Services sector follows.
37 11 14 17 12 21 24 17 28 30
If a stem-and leaf display were constructed for this sample, how many leaves would there be for
the "3" stem?

A. 0

B. 1

C. :-) 2

D. 3

E.

## 9. The last entry in a cumulative relative frequency distribution is always one.

A. :-) True

B. False

10. To summarize two variables simultaneously, one could use which of the following?

A. a. Crosstabulation

B. b. An ogive

C. c. A scatter diagram

D. :-) d. Either a or c

A. True

B. ? False

A. :-) a. True

B. b. False

## 13. If a scatter diagram shows a negative relation then, in general, as

A. x increases, y increases

B. y increases, x increases

## D. None of the above

14. If you were to summarize the birth month (January, February, March, ...) of the students in your
dorm, which method would be appropriate?

A. a. An ogive

B. b. A stem-and-leaf display

## D. d. None of the above

15. You would like to compare students' grades (A, B, C, D, F) in an Economics class to their grades
in a Statistics class. Which method would be appropriate

A. :-) Crosstabulation

B. A bar graph

C. A dot plot