Você está na página 1de 5

Problems in singly reinforced beam working stress

method
civilengineering.blog/2017/11/17/three-types-of-problems-in-singly-reinforced-beam/

November 17, 2017

Learn : Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method :To
determine the moment of resistance of the given section,To determine the stresses
developed in concrete and steel under given loading,To design the section for given
loading

Table of Contents

1 Problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method


1.1 Type 1:To determine the moment of resistance of the given section
1.1.1 Procedure:
1.2 Type-II : To determine the stresses developed in concrete and steel under
given loading
1.2.1 Procedure :
1.3 Type-III : To design the section for given loading
1.3.1 Procedure :
1.4 Share this:
1.5 Like this:
1.6 Related

There are three types of problems in


singly reinforced beam :

1. To determine the moment of


resistance of the given section.
2. To determine the actual stresses
developed in steel and concrete
under given loading. Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam
working stress method :To determine the moment of
3. To design the section for given
resistance,the stresses developed in concrete and steel
loading.

Type 1:To determine the moment of resistance of the given section


Data Given:

(i) Dimensions, b and d of the section.

(ii) Area of steel reinforcement in tension (Ast )

(iii) Material i.e., grade of concrete and steel.

Procedure:
(i) For the given grade of concrete and steel, determine the permissible stresses i.e.,
1/5
σcbc and σstfrom the Tables 2.1 and 2.2.

(ii) Calculate modular ratio m.

(iii) Determine critical neutral axis (n)

(iv) Determine actual neutral axis (n)

(v) Compare n and nc

(i) If n= nc, the section is balanced and the moment of


resistance can be calculated by any of the following equation

or

(ii) If n< nc, the section is under reinforced and the


moment of resistance is calculated as

(iii) If n> nc, the section is over reinforced and

Note : Sometimes it is required to find out the safe load (w)


which the beam can carry. For this, the maximum bending
moment due to the loads is calculated and equated to the
moment of resistance of the section.

The maximum bending moment values for some beams are


written below:

1. Simply supported beam, for (u.d.l.) =

2. Cantilever beam, for (u.d.l.) =

where l is the effective span of the beam.

Type-II : To determine the stresses developed in concrete and steel


under given loading
Given Data :

(i) Dimensions of beam (b and d)

(ii) Area of steel, Ast

(iii) Material i.e., grade of concrete and steel.

(iv) External loads or bending moment.

Procedure :

2/5
(i) Determine the permissible stresses from Tables 2.1 and 2.2.

(ii) Calculate actual neutral axis

(iii) Calculate maximum bending moment (M) due to loads


(external loads as well as self-weight) if not given.

(iv) Calculate stresses by equating the maximum bending


moment to the moment of resistance

(v) Knowing σst from above stepσc or actual stress in concrete


is calculated as

Type-III : To design the section for given loading


Given data :

(i) External loads or bending moment.

(ii) Material-grade of concrete and steel.

(iii) Span of the beam.

Procedure :
1. Determine the permissible stresses for materials from Table 2.1 and 2.2.
2. Determine design constant k, j and R.
3. Assume suitable value of b/d ratio and calculate the moment of resistance using

4. For the given loads and approximate self


weight, compute the maximum bending (M).
5. Determine d by equating M and M_{r}

6. Calculate b from assumed

ratio.

7. Calculate (Ast) area of steel as follows:

3/5
8. Provide suitable number of bars for the required area of steel, Ast

TABLE 2.1. Permissible Stresses in Concrete (Refer to Table 21, IS 456)

Grade of Permissible Stress in Permissible Stress in Bond (Average)


Concrete Compression

Bending Direct For Plain Bars in For HYSD Bars


σcbc (N/mm 2 ) σcc (N/mm 2 ) Tensionτbd (N/mm 2 ) (N/mm2 )

– – – – –

M15 5.0 4.0 0.6 0.96

M20 7.0 5.0 0.8 1.28

M25 8.5 6.0 0.9 1.44

M30 10.0 8.0 1.0 1.6

M35 11.5 9.0 1.1 1.76

M40 13.0 10.0 1.2 1.92

M45 14.5 11.0 1.3 2.08

M50 16.0 12.0 1.4 2.24

Notes:

(i) The bond stress given above for tension is increased by 25% for bars in
compression.

(ii) The bond stress for plain bars is increased by 60% for deformed bars.

TABLE 2.2. Permissible Stress in Steel Reinforcement (Refer Table 22, IS 456)

S. Type of Stress in Steel Permissible Stresses in N/mm 2 High yield strength


No. Reinforcement deformed bar (HYSD)
Mild steel bars Medium tensile conforming to IS 1786
conforming to steel conforming (Grade Fe 415)
Grade I of IS to IS 432 (Part I)
432 (Part I)

1. Tension ( σst or σsv ) 140 Half the 230


(i) Upto and including 20mm 130 guaranted yield 230
stress subject to
(ii) Over 20mm maximum of 190
190

2. Compression in column bars 130 130 190


σsc

3. Compression in bars in beam The calculated compressive stresses in the surrounding


or slab when compressive concrete multiplied by 1.5 times the modular ratio or ssc
resistance of concrete is taken whichever is lower=1.5m c or s sc
into account

Summary

4/5
Article Name
Problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method
Description
Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam working
stress method :To determine the moment of resistance,the
stresses developed in concrete and steel
Author
sanjay sharma
Publisher Name
civilengineering.blog
Publisher Logo
Advertisements

5/5