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# Department of Mechanical Engineering

## Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST)

ME 361: Instrumentation and Measurement
Assignment: 2

## 1. During a step function calibration, a first-order instrument is exposed to a step

change of 100 units. If after 1.2 se= the instrument indicate 80 units, estimate the
instrument time constant. Estimate the error in the indicated value after 1.5 s,
y(0)=0 units and K=1 unit/unit..
2. Estimate any dynamic error that could result from measuring a 2 Hz periodic
waveform using a first-order system having a time constant of 0.7 s.
3. A signal expected to be of the form F(t)=10 sin 15.7t is to be measured with a
first-order instrument having a time constant of 50 ms. Write the expected
indicated steady response output signal. Is this instrument a good choice for this
measurement? What is the expected time lag between input and output signal?
Plot the output amplitude spectrum y(0)=0 and K=1 V/V
4. A first-order instrument with a time constant of 2 s is to be used to measure a
periodic input. If a dynamic error of ±2% can be tolerated, determine the
maximum frequency of periodic input that can be measured. What is the
associated time lag (in seconds) at this frequency?
5. A single-loop LR circuit having a resistance of 1 M is to be used as a low-pass
filter between an input signal and a voltage measurement device. To attenuate
undesirable frequencies above 1000 Hz by at least 50%, select a suitable inductor
size. The time constant for this circuit is given by L/R.
6. A step test of a transducer brings on a damped oscillation decaying to a steady
value. If the period of oscillation is 0.577 ms, what is the transducer ringing
frequency?
7. An application demands that a sinusoidal pressure variation of 250 Hz be
measured with no more than 2% dynamic error. In selecting a suitable pressure
transducer from a vendor catalog, you note that a desirable line of transducers
has a fixed natural frequency of 600 Hz but that you have a choice of transducer
damping ratios of between 0.5 and 1.5 mm increments of 0.05. Select a suitable
transducer.

## Prepared by Dr. Md. Shahnewaz Bhuiyan

March 11, 2018
8. A single-loop RCL electrical circuit can be modeled as a second-order system in
terms of current. Show that the differential equation for such a circuit subjected
to a forcing function potential E(t) is given by
𝑑2𝐼 𝑑𝐼 𝐼
𝐿 2 + 𝑅 + = 𝐸(𝑡)
𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡 𝐶
Determine the natural frequency and damping ratio for this system. For a forcing
potential, E(t)=1+0.5 sin 2000t, determine the system steady response when L=2
H, C=1 F, and R=10000 o. Plot the steady output signal and input singnal versus
time, I(0)= Í(0)=0
9. A force transducer having a damping ratio of 0.5 and a natural frequency of
4000 Hz is available for use to measure a periodic signal of 2000 Hz. Show
whether or not the transducer passes a ±10% dynamic error constraint. Estimate
its resonance frequency.

March 11, 2018