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# AVTE IMPORTANT FORMULAE

## 1. log(mn) = log m + log n 1. (a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab 1. Euler’s Relation :

2. log(m/n) = log m - log n 2. (a - b)2 = a2 + b2 - 2ab ei = (cosisin)
3. log mn = n log m 3. a2 - b2 = (a + b).(a - b) 2. De Moiver’s Theorem :
cos nisin n(cosisin)n
4. log(1/m) = - log m 4. a2 + b2 = [ (a + b)2 - 2ab ] or [ (a - b)2 + 2ab ]
5. loga1 = 0 ‘a’ is any base 5. (a + b)3 = a3 + b3 + 3ab(a + b)
6. log1010 = 1 6. (a - b)3 = a3 - b3 - 3ab(a - b)
7. logee = 1 7. a3 + b3 = (a + b).(a2 + b2 - ab) or (a + b)3 - 3ab(a + b)
8. log10e = 0.4343 8. a3 - b3 = (a - b).(a2 + b2 + ab) or (a - b)3 + 3ab(a - b)

A.V.T.E.
9. loge10 = 2.303 9. (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca
10. logba = (loga) /(logb) 10. (a + b + c)3 = a3+ b3 + c3 + 3 (a2b + ab2 + b2c + bc2 + c2a + ca2) + 6abc
11. logax = y  ay = x 11. a3 + b3 + c3 - 3abc = (a + b + c).(a2 + b2 + c2 - ab - bc - ca)
12. logba = logca.logbc 12. If a + b + c = 0 then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc
Expansions 13. (*) a8 - b8 = (a4 + b4).(a2 + b2).(a + b).(a - b) Projection Law
 6 6 3 3 3 3
   14. (*) a - b = (a + b ).(a - b ) a = b cosC + c cosB
1. sin = -+ - -------
  b = c cosA + a cosC
15. (*) a5 + b5 = (a2 + b2).(a3 + b3) - a2b2 (a + b)
   
(*) Generally used in tricky & difficult problems of mathematics
c = a cos B + b cosA
2. cos = -+ - + ------ to
   General values of Trigonometric Functions Sine Law
     1. sinsinn)n a b c
3. tan  = + +    + -----
   2. coscos2n± sinA = sinB sinC = 2 R
=
2 3
4. x
e =1+ + x x + x + ----- 3. tantann+
 2! 3! Cosine Law
4. sin2sin2n± a2 = b2 +c2 - 2 bc cosA
x x x
5. log(1 + x) = x - + - + ----- 5. cos2cos2n± b2 = c2 +a2 - 2 ca cosB
   6. tan2tan2n± c2 = a2 +b2 - 2 ab cosC
Here is radian measure For all and Z
Important formulae useful for classes (Mathematics/Physics) XI & XII
AVTE
Important formulae useful for classes (Mathematics/Physics) XI & XII
Important Trigonometric Formulae

## 3tanA - tan3A +

1. sin(A+B) = sinAcosB + cosA sinB 14. tan3A = 33. sin + sin= 2sin  cos  - 
2. sin(A-B) = sinAcosB - cosA sinB 1 - 3tan2A 2 2
3. cos(A+B) = cosAcosB - sinA sinB 15. sin(-A) = - sinA +
4. cos(A-B) = cosAcosB + sinA sinB 34. sin - sin= 2cos  sin  - 
16. cos(-A) = cosA 2 2
tanA + tanB
5. tan(A+B)* = 17. sin2A + cos2A = 1 + -
1 - tanAtanB 35. cos + cos= 2cos  cos
18. 1 + tan2A = sec2A 2 2
tanA - tanB
6. tan(A-B)* = 19. 1 + cot2A = cosec2A + -
1 + tanAtanB 36. cos - cos= -2sin  sin
20. 1 - cos2A = 2sin2A 2 2
cotA cotB - 1
7. cot(A+B)** = 21. 1 + cos2A = 2cos2A

A.V.T.E.
cotA + cotB I
II
cotA cotB +1 22. 1 - sin2A = (cosA - sinA)2 37.
8. cot(A-B)** = 23. 1 + sin2A = (cosA + sinA)2
cotB - cotA
9. sin2A = (a) 2sinAcosA 1 + tanA  III IV
24. = tan( + A)
1 - tanA 
(b) 2tanA2 1 - tanA  (a) With 900 & 2700 ratio will be changed.
1 + tan A 25. = tan( - A)
10. cos2A = (a) cos2A - sin2A 1 +tanA  (b) Sign of answer, depends on position of intial ratio in
2 2
(b) 1 - 2sin2A 26. sin A - sin B = sin(A+B) sin(A -B) the particular quadrant.
(c) 2cos2A - 1 27. cos2A - sin2B = cos(A+B) cos(A -B) sin(900 - A) = cosA
2
(d) 1 - tan A 28. cos2A - cos2B = -sin(A+B) sin(A -B) sin(900 + A) = cosA
1 + tan2A sin(1800 + A) = -sinA
2tanA 29. 2sinAcosB = sin(A+B) + sin(A -B)
11. tan2A = sin(2700 + A) = -cosA
1 - tan2A 30. 2cosAsinB = sin(A+B) - sin(A -B)
12. sin3A = 3sinA - 4sin3A sin(3600 + A) = sinA
31. 2cosAcosB = cos(A+B) + cos(A -B)
13. cos3A = 4cos3A - 3cosA * None of the angles A, B & A  B is an
32. 2sinAsinB = cos(A-B) - cos(A +B) odd multiple of /2
** None of the angles A, B & A  B is
a multiple of .