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8.11 – EXERCÍCIOS – pg. 379

1.

Demarcar os seguintes pontos no sistema de coordenadas polares.

( π ) (a) P 4, 1 4 −π ) (b) P ( 4, 2
(
π
)
(a)
P
4,
1
4
−π
)
(b)
P
( 4,
2
4
(
π
)
(c)
P
− 4,
3
4
(
−π
(d)
P
− 4,
4 )
4
) (c) P − 4, 3 4 ( −π (d) P − 4, 4 ) 4

2. Em cada um dos itens, assinalar o ponto dado em coordenadas polares e depois escrever as coordenadas polares para o mesmo ponto tais que:

(i) r tenha sinal contrario

(ii) θ tenha sinal contrario

(a) ( 2, π 4 ) 5 ) π (i) ( − 2, 4 (
(a) (
2, π
4 )
5 )
π
(i) ( − 2,
4
(
7
π
)
(ii)
2, −
4

P

π / 4
π / 4

Eixo polar

tenha sinal contrario (a) ( 2, π 4 ) 5 ) π (i) ( − 2,
tenha sinal contrario (a) ( 2, π 4 ) 5 ) π (i) ( − 2,

0

684

b) (

(i)

(ii)

π 2, − 3 ) ( − 4 π 2, − 3 )
π
2, −
3 )
( −
4 π
2, −
3 )
( 5 π ) 2, 3
(
5
π
)
2,
3

Eixo polar

−π /3
−π /3

0

4 π 2, − 3 ) ( 5 π ) 2, 3 Eixo polar −π /3

P

(

5,

2 π ) 3 5 π ) 3 4 π ) 5, − 3
2
π
)
3
5
π
)
3
4
π
)
5, −
3

(c)

(i) ( 5,

(ii) (

5 π ) (d) ( 4, 6 11 π ) (i) ( − 4, 6
5
π
)
(d) (
4,
6
11
π
)
(i) ( − 4,
6
7
π
)
(ii) (
4, −
6
5, − 3 (c) (i) ( 5, (ii) ( − 5 π ) (d) ( 4,

685

P

P 5 π /6 Eixo polar 0 3. Demarcar os seguintes pontos no sistema de coordenadas

5π /6

Eixo polar

P 5 π /6 Eixo polar 0 3. Demarcar os seguintes pontos no sistema de coordenadas

0

3. Demarcar os seguintes pontos no sistema de coordenadas polares e encontrar suas coordenadas cartesianas.

a) (

) 3
)
3

3, π

P

encontrar suas coordenadas cartesianas. a) ( ) 3 3, π P π /3 Eixo polar 0
π /3
π /3

Eixo polar

cartesianas. a) ( ) 3 3, π P π /3 Eixo polar 0 x = r

0

x = r cos θ π x = 3 cos y = r sen θ
x
= r
cos
θ
π
x
= 3 cos
y
= r sen θ
3
1
x
=
3 .
y = 3 .
≅ 2,59
2
2
x
= 1,5
3
3
3
,
2
2
  ≅ (1,5; 2,59)
)
b) (
− 3, + π
3
686
π x = − 3 cos 3 1 x = − 3 . 2 x
π
x
= − 3 cos
3
1
x
=
− 3 .
2
x
= − 1,5
(
)
c)
3, −π
3
y = − 3 sen π 3 3 y = − 3 . 2 y
y
=
3
sen π
3
3
y
=
− 3 .
2
y
≅ − 2,59
1,5;
2,59)
Eixo polar
0
−π /3
(
π
)
y
=
3
sen
3
3
P
y
=
3 .
2
y
≅ − 2,59
− 2,59)

(

( − π ) x = 3 cos 3 1 x = 3 . 2
( −
π
)
x
= 3 cos
3
1
x
=
3 .
2
x
= 1,5
3
− 3
3
;
≅ (1,5;
2
2
)
d) (
− 3, −π
3

P

3 − 3 3   ;  ≅ (1,5;   2 2  
3 − 3 3   ;  ≅ (1,5;   2 2  
0
0

Eixo polar

3 − 3 3   ;  ≅ (1,5;   2 2  

π /3

687

( − π ) x = − 3 cos 3 1 x = − 3
( −
π
)
x
= − 3 cos
3
1
x
=
− 3 .
2
x = − 1,5
3
3
3
 −
,
( − 1,5; 2,59)
2
2
( − π ) y = − 3 sen 3 − 3 y = −
(
− π
)
y
= − 3
sen
3
3
y =
− 3 .
2

y 2,59

4. Encontrar as coordenadas cartesianas dos seguintes pontos dados em coordenadas polares.

2 π ) a) ( − 2, 3 2 π − 1 x = −
2
π
)
a) (
− 2,
3
2
π
− 1
x = −
2 cos
= − 2 .
= 1
3
2
2
π
3
y
= −2
sen
= −
2 .
= −
3
3
2
5
π
)
b) (
4,
8
5
x =
4 cos
≅ − 1,5307
5
y =
4 sen
≅ 3,6955
(
13
π
)
c)
3,
4
2
13
π
x = 3 cos
= − 3
4
2
− 3
2
13
π
y =
3 sen
=
4
2
(
)
d)
− 10, π
2

(1,

3)
3)

(1,5307, 3,6955)

3 2 − 3 2    − ,   2 2 
3
2
3
2
  −
,
2
2
  

688

x

y

e)

x

y

f)

x

y

=

10 cos

π 2
π
2

= −

10

. 0

=

10

sen

π 2
π
2

= −

10

.1

(

10,

3

π ) 2
π
)
2
 
3 π = −10 cos 2 3 π = −10 sen 2 (1, 0) =
3
π
= −10 cos
2
3
π
= −10
sen
2
(1, 0)
= 1 cos
0
= 1
= 1 sen
0 = 0

= 0

= −

 

(0, 10)

10

0

 

(0, 10)

= 10

= −

10

. 0

=

= −

10

.

1

(1, 0)

5. Encontrar um par de coordenadas polares dos seguintes pontos:

a) (1, 1) r = 2 cos θ =
a)
(1, 1)
r
=
2
cos θ =

sen θ =

1   2  1    2 
1 
2 
1
2 
( ) 2, π 4 b) (−1, 1) r = 2
(
)
2, π
4
b)
(−1, 1)
r
=
2

θ =

π

4

1  cos θ = −  2  1   sen θ =
1 
cos θ = −
2 
1
sen θ =
2

θ =

3 π

4

689

( 3 π ) 2, 4 c) (−1, −1) r = 2
(
3
π
)
2,
4
c)
(−1, −1)
r
=
2

cos θ = −

sen θ = −

1   2   1   
1 
2 
1
( 5 π ) 2, 4 d) (1, −1) r = 2
(
5
π
)
2,
4
d)
(1, −1)
r
=
2

θ =

5 π

4

1  cos θ = 2   7 π   ⇒ θ =
1 
cos θ =
2
 
7 π
⇒ θ =
1
4
sen θ = −
2
(
) ou (
7
π
)
2, −π
2,
4
4
6.
Usar.

a)

r

>

0

e

0 θ <

2π ;

b)

r

<

0

e

0

θ <

2π ;

c) 2π <

r

> 0

e

θ

0 ;

d) e 2π

r

< 0

<

θ

0 ;

para escrever os pontos ( 1) P 3, − 1
para escrever os pontos
(
1)
P
3,
1

r = 2

P

1

( 1) 3, −
(
1)
3,

e

P

2

(

2,
2,

2)
2)

em coordenadas polares.

690

cos θ =

sen θ = θ =

2

1

2

11 π  a)   2,    b)  − 2, 
11
π
a)
 
2,
 
b)
 −
2,
6
(
2)
P
2,
2
r = 2
cos
θ =
sen θ =

2

5

π

6

− 2
2

2

a)

2,

5

π

4

b)

2, π

4

θ =

c)

θ =

c)

− π

6

2,

6

ou θ =

π

5π

4

2,

3

π

4

11 π

6

d)

d)

2,

2,

7

π

6

7

π

4

7. Transformar as seguintes equações para coordenadas polares.

a)

x

2

+ y

2

r

2

cos

2

θ +

b) x = 4

=

4

2

r sen

r cos θ = 4

c) y = 2

2

θ =

4

r

2 = 4 r = ± 2

r

sen θ = 2

d)

y + x = 0

 

r

sen

θ

+

r cos

θ

=

0

r

(

sen

θ

+

cos

θ

)

=

0

r = qualquer

sen θ = −

cos

θ

691

θ

e)

r

2

f)

r

2

=

3

π

4

+ k

π

, k ∈ Ζ

x

2

+ y

2

2

x =

0

2

r

cos

2 cos

r

θ

θ

=

=

r =

0

0

2 cos

x

2

+ y

2

6

y =

6

r sen

θ

r

=

= 6

0

0

sen

θ

θ

8. Transformar as seguintes equações para coordenadas cartesianas

a) r = cos θ x 2 2 x + y = 2 x 2
a)
r = cos θ
x
2
2
x
+ y
=
2
x
2 +
y
2
2
x
+ y
x
= 0
b)
r = 2 sen θ
y
2
2
x
+
y
= 2 .
2
2
x
+ y
2
2
x
+ y
2
y
=
0
1
c)
r
= cos θ
+
sen θ
1 2 x 2 + y = x y + 2 2 2 2 x
1
2
x
2 +
y
=
x y
+
2
2
2
2
x
+ y
x
+
y
x
+ y
= 1

d) r = a , a > 0

692

2 2 x + y = a 2 2 2 x + y = a
2
2
x
+
y
=
a
2
2
2
x
+
y
=
a

Nos exercícios de 9 a 32 esboçar o gráfico das curvas dadas em coordenadas polares.

9. r = 1 + 2 cos θ

y 1 x 1 2 3 -1
y
1
x
1
2
3
-1

10.

r = 1 2 sen θ

y 1 x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 -1 -2 -3 -4
y
1
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-1
-2
-3
-4

11. r = a ± b cos θ

a = 2 e b = 3

a = 3 e b = 2

a = b = 3

693

r

=

2 + 3 cos θ

r

=

2 3 cos θ

r

= 3 +

2 cos θ

y 3 2 1 x 1 2 3 4 5 -1 -2 -3
y
3
2
1
x
1
2
3
4
5
-1
-2
-3
y 3 2 1 x -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 -1 -2 -3
y
3
2
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
-1
-2
-3

694

y 3 2 1 x -1 1 2 3 4 5 -1 -2 -3
y
3
2
1
x
-1
1
2
3
4
5
-1
-2
-3
r = 3 − 2 cos θ y 3 2 1 x -5 -4 -3
r
=
3 − 2 cos θ
y
3
2
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
-1
-2
-3
r
= 3 + 3
cos θ
e r = 3 − 3 cos θ
y 3 2 1 x -1 1 2 3 4 5 6 -1 -2 -3
y
3
2
1
x
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
-1
-2
-3
y 3 2 1 x -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 -1 -2 -3 695
y
3
2
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
-1
-2
-3
695

12.

r = cos 3θ

y 0.5 x -0.5 0.5 1 -0.5 13. r = 2 cos 3θ
y
0.5
x
-0.5
0.5
1
-0.5
13. r
= 2 cos 3θ
y 1.5 1 0.5 x -1.5 -1 -0.5 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 -0.5 -1
y
1.5
1
0.5
x
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5

14. r = 2 sen 2θ

696

y 1.5 1 0.5 x -1.5 -1 -0.5 0.5 1 1.5 -0.5 -1 -1.5
y
1.5
1
0.5
x
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5

15.

r = 2 cos θ

y 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 x -3 -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0.5 1
y
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
x
-3
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5

16. r = 2 sen θ

697

y 1 0.5 x -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 -0.5
y
1
0.5
x
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
-3

17. r = a ± b sen θ

a

= 2 e b = 3

a

= 3 e b = 2

a

= b = 2

r

= 2 + 3 sen θ

r = 2 3 sen θ

y 5 4 3 2 1 x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3
y
5
4
3
2
1
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
y x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5
y
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

r = 3 + 2 sen θ

r = 3 2 sen θ

698

y 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 -1
y
6
5
4
3
2
1
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-1
r = 2 + 2 sen θ
r = 2 − 2 sen θ
y 1 x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5
y
1
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
y y 1 6 x 5 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 -1 4 -2
y
y
1
6
x
5
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-1
4
-2
3
-3
2
-4
1
-5
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
-6
-1
18. r
cos θ = 5
y
1
x
1
2
3
4
5
-1

19. r = 2 sen 3θ

699

y 1 x -2 -1 1 2 -1 -2
y
1
x
-2
-1
1
2
-1
-2

20.

21.

θ

θ

=

=

π

4

π

9

22. 5r cos θ = −10

π / 4 0
π / 4
0

Eixo polar

2 -1 -2 20. 21. θ θ = = π 4 π 9 22. 5 r
2 -1 -2 20. 21. θ θ = = π 4 π 9 22. 5 r
Eixo polar π / 9 0
Eixo polar
π / 9
0
2 -1 -2 20. 21. θ θ = = π 4 π 9 22. 5 r

pi/2

A

2

700

23.

r

2

=

4 cos 2θ

y x -2 2 -1 1 2
y
x
-2
2 -1
1
2

24.

r = 3θ , θ 0

y x -10 -5 5 10 15 20 25
y
x
-10
-5
5
10
15
20
25

25. r = 4 sen θ

y x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3
y
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3

701

26.

r

=

27. r =

e

θ

,

θ

0

y x 0.5 1 2
y
x
0.5
1
2
0
0

Eixo polar

27. r = e − θ , θ ≥ 0 y x 0.5 1 2 0

2

r = e − θ , θ ≥ 0 y x 0.5 1 2 0 Eixo

28. r = 10 cos θ

y x -1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
y
x
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

702

29.

r = 2

cos θ

y x -3 -2 -1 1 2 3
y
x
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3

30. r = 12 sen θ

31. r = e

y 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -6
y
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
x
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
θ
3
y 1000 500 x -1500 -1000 -500 500 1000 -500 -1000
y
1000
500
x
-1500
-1000
-500
500
1000
-500
-1000

703

32. r = 2θ

y 4 3 2 1 x -5 5 10 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6
y
4
3
2
1
x
-5
5
10
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

Nos exercícios 33 a 37, encontrar o comprimento de arco da curva dada.

33. r = e θ , entre θ = 0 π 3 2 θ 2
33. r = e
θ , entre θ = 0
π
3
2
θ
2
θ
s =
e
+
e
d
θ

0

= θ 0 π 3 = 2 ∫ e θ d θ 0 π π
=
θ
0
π
3
=
2
e
θ d
θ
0
π
π
θ
3
=
2 e
=
2
e
3
0
34. r = 1 + cos θ

e

θ =

π 3
π
3

1

u

.

c

.

704

s = 2 = 2 θ 0 π = 2 ∫ 2 + 2 cos
s
= 2
= 2
θ
0
π
=
2
2
+
2 cos
θ
d θ

0

π

= 2 2 ∫ 1 + cos θ d θ
=
2
2
1
+
cos
θ
d θ

0

π θ 2 = 2 2 ∫ 2 cos d θ 2 0 π θ
π
θ
2
= 2
2
2 cos
d θ
2
0
π
θ
= 2
2
2 cos
d
θ
2
0
π
θ
=
4 . 2 sen
2
0
π
=
8
 
sen
sen 0 
2
= 8
u c
.
.
35.
r =
2 a sen θ
π
2
(
)
2
(
)
2
s
= 2
2
a
cos
θ
+
2
a sen
θ
d
0
π
π
2
2
2
= ∫
2
4
a
d
θ =
2
2
a d
θ
0 0
π
= 4 a
=
2
a
π
u c
.

2

θ

36.

r

= 3 θ

2

, de θ = 0 até

θ =

3
3

2π

705

2 π 3 2 4 s = ∫ 36 θ + 9 θ d θ
2
π
3
2
4
s
=
36
θ
+
9
θ
d
θ

=

2

0

θ2 π 3 2 4 s = ∫ 36 θ + 9 θ d θ =

0

2 π 3 1 ( 2 ) = ∫ 3 θ 4 + θ 2
2
π
3
1
(
2
)
=
3
θ
4
+ θ
2
d θ
0
2 π
3
3
(
2
)
1
4 + θ
2
= 3 .
2
3
2
0
8
3
(
2
)
=
9
+ π
2
8
u c
.
27
37.
r = e
, de θ = 0 até
θ =
2
3
π
2
(
)
2
2 θ
4 θ
s =
2 e
+
e
d
θ
0
3
π
2
4
θ
4
θ
=
4 e
+
e
d
θ
0
3
π
3
π
2
2
5
2
θ
2
θ
=
5 e
d
θ =
e
2
0
0
5
(
3
π
1)
=
e
u
.
c
.
2

38. Achar o comprimento da cardióide r = 10(1 cos θ ).

706

π 2 2 s = 2 ∫ ( 10 sen θ ) + 100 1
π
2
2
s
= 2
(
10
sen
θ
)
+
100 1
(
cos
θ
)
d
θ
0
π
=
2
200
200 cos
θ
d θ

0

π

= 2 ∫ 200 1 − cos θ d θ 0 π θ 2 =
=
2
200
1
cos
θ
d θ
0
π
θ
2
= 2
10
2
2 sen
d
θ
2
0
π
θ
= 2 .10
2 .
2
sen
d θ
2
0
π
θ
= − 40 . 2 cos
2
0
π
= − 80
 
cos
cos
0 
2
= 80
u
.
c
.

Nos exercícios 39 a 46, encontrar a integral que dá o comprimento total da curva dada.

2 39. r = 9 cos 2 θ 1 r = ( 9 cos 2
2
39. r
= 9 cos 2 θ
1
r =
(
9 cos 2
θ
)
=
3 cos 2
(
θ
)
2
3
3
sen
2
θ
1
r
′ =
(
cos 2
θ
)
2
(
sen
2
θ
)
2
=
2
cos 2 θ
π
4
2
9
sen
2 θ
s =
4
+
9 cos 2
θ
d
θ
cos 2 θ
0
π
4
2
2
9
sen
2
θ +
9 cos
2
θ
=
4
d θ
cos 2 θ
0
π
4
d
θ
= 12
cos 2 θ
0

40. r = 3 sen 3θ

707

6

π 6 ∫ (
π
6
(

0

π
π
6 ∫
6

9 cos 3

 

)

2

+

9

sen

2

3

θ

d

θ

 

2

3

θ +

2

sen

3

θ

d

θ

16

sen

4

θ

)

2

+

16 cos

2

4

θ

θ

9 cos

s =

= 18

0

41. r = 4 cos 4θ

s = 16

π 8 ∫ (
π
8
(

0

=

64

π 8 ∫
π
8

16

2

sen

4

θ +

cos

2

4

θ

0

d

θ

d

θ

2 42. r = 9 sen 2θ 1 r = 3 ( sen 2 θ
2
42.
r
= 9
sen
1
r
= 3
(
sen
2
θ
)
2
1
1
r
′ = 3
( sen
2
θ
)
2
.cos 2
θ
. 2
2
π
4
2
9
cos
2 θ
s = 4
+
9
sen
2
θ
d
θ
sen 2 θ
0
π
4
2
2
9
cos
2
θ +
9
sen
2
θ
=
4
d θ
sen 2 θ
0
π
4
9
=
4
d
θ
sen 2 θ
0
π
4
d
θ
=
12
sen 2 θ
0
43.
r = 2 − 3 cos θ

708

θ0 π ∫ 0 π s = 2 = = 2 2 ∫ 0 2

0

π

0

π

s = 2

=

=

2

2

0

θ 0 π ∫ 0 π s = 2 = = 2 2 ∫ 0 2

2

4

π

0

π

0

π

9

sen

2 θ +

4

12 cos

θ

+

9 cos

2

θ

d

13

12 cos

θ

d

θ

(

2 cos

θ

)

2

+

(

4

2

sen

θ

)

2

d

θ

4 cos

2

θ +

16

16

sen

θ +

4

sen

2

θ

20

16 sen

θ

d

θ

5

4 sen

θ

d

θ

cos θ

2

sen

)

θ

2

+

(

3

+

2 cos

θ

)

2

d

θ

4

sen

2 θ +

9

+

12 cos

θ

+

4 cos

2

θ

d

2 θ + 9 + 12 cos θ + 4 cos 2 θ d θ d

θ

d

θ

θ

44.

r = 4 2 sen θ

π 2
π
2
∫ −π 2 π
−π
2
π

s = 2

= 2

2 ∫ −π 2 π 2 ∫ −π 2 π 2 ∫ −π 2
2
−π
2
π
2
−π
2
π
2
−π
2

r = 3 + 2

=

=

45.

(
(
∫ −π 2 π 2 ∫ −π 2 r = 3 + 2 = = 45.

s = 2

=

2

= 2 ∫ 13 + 12 cos θ d θ 0 46. r = 4
=
2
13
+
12 cos
θ
d θ
0
46.
r = 4 +
2 sen θ

709

π 2 s = 2 ∫ ( ) 2 + + sen ) 2 2
π
2
s
=
2
(
)
2
+
+
sen
)
2
2 cos
θ
(
4
2
θ
d
π
2
π
2
=
2
20
+
16 sen
θ
d
θ
π
2
π
2
=
4
5
+
4 sen
θ
d
θ
π
2

θ

Nos exercícios 47 a 56, calcular a área limitada pela curva dada.

2 47. r = 9 sen 2θ y 2 1 x -2 -1 1 2
2
47.
r
=
9
sen
y
2
1
x
-2
-1
1
2
-1
-2
π
2
1
A
= 2 .
9
sen
2
θ
d
θ
2
0
π
1
2
=
9 .
cos 2
θ
= 9
u
.
a
.
2
0

48. r = cos 3θ

710

y 0.5 π /6 x -0.5 0.5 1 -0.5 π 6 1 2 A =
y
0.5 π /6
x
-0.5
0.5
1
-0.5
π
6
1
2
A
= 3
. 6
cos
θ
d
θ
2
0

= 3

π 6  1 1  ∫  + cos 6  2 θ 
π
6
 1
1
+
cos 6
2
θ  d θ
2
0
π 6  1  = 3 . θ + 1 sen 6 θ 
π
6
 1
= 3 .
θ +
1 sen 6
θ
2
12
0
π
=
u
.
a
.

4

49. r = 2 cos θ

y 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 x -3.5 -3 -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0.5
y
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
x
-3.5
-3
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5

711

π A = 2 . 1 ( 2 ∫ 2 − cos θ ) 2
π
A
= 2 .
1 (
2
2
cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
0
π
= ∫ (
)
4
4 cos
θ +
cos
2 θ
d θ
0
π
1
9 π
=
4 θ −
4 sen
θ +
1 θ +
sen 2
θ
=
u
.
a
.
4
2
2 0
2
50.
r = 16 cos 2θ
y
1.5
1
0.5
x
-4
-3.5
-3
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
-0.5
-1
-1.5
π
4
1
A
= . 4
16 cos 2
θ
d
θ
1
2
0
π 1 4 = 32 sen 2 θ 2 0
π
1
4
= 32
sen 2
θ
2
0

= 16 u. a

51. r = 3 sen 2θ

712

A

y 2.5 2 π / 4 1.5 1 0.5 x -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5
y
2.5
2
π / 4
1.5
1
0.5
x
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
π
4
= sen
8
.
1 9
2 2
θ
d
θ
2 ∫
0
π
4
1
= 36   1
. θ −
sen 4
θ 
2
8
0
9 π
= u
.
a
.

2

52. r = 3 2 cos θ

y 4 3 2 1 x -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 -1 -2 -3
y
4
3
2
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
-1
-2
-3
-4

713

π s = 2 . 1 ( 2 ∫ 3 − 2 cos θ )
π
s
=
2 .
1 (
2
3 −
2 cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
0
π
π
( 9
)
=
12 cos
θ +
4 cos
2 θ
d
θ =
(
9
12 cos
θ +
2
+
0
0
π
=
(
11 θ −
12
sen
θ +
sen
2
θ
)
0
=
11
π u
.
a
.
53.
r = 4(1 + cos θ )
y
5
4
3
2
1
x
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
π
1
A
=
2 .
16 1
(
+
cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
2
0
π
)
=
16
∫ (
1
+
2 cos
θ +
cos
2 θ
d θ
0
π
1
1
=
16
 
θ +
2 sen
θ +
θ +
sen 2
θ
2
4
0
=
24
π u
.
a
.
.
54.
r = 4(1 − cos θ )

2 cos 2 θ

)

d

θ

714

y 5 4 3 2 1 x -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
y
5
4
3
2
1
x
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
π
1
A
=
2 .
16 1
(
cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
2
0
π
(
)
=
16 1
2 cos
θ +
cos
2 θ
d θ
0
π
1
1
=
16
  θ −
2 sen
θ +
θ +
sen 2
θ
2
4 
0
=
24
π u
.
a
.
.
55.
r = 4(1 + sen θ )
y 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
y
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
-1

715

π 2 1 A = 2 . ∫ 16 1 ( + sen θ )
π
2
1
A =
2 .
16 1
(
+
sen
θ
)
2 d
θ
2
−π
2
π
2
(
)
=
16 1
+
2 sen
θ +
sen
2 θ
d
θ
−π
2
π
2
1
1
=
16
 
θ +
2
(
cos
θ
)
+
θ −
sen 2
θ 
2
4
−π
2
=
24
π u
.
a
.
56. . r = 4(1 − sen θ )
y
1
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
π
2
1
A
= 2 .
16 1
(
sen
θ
)
2 d
θ
2
−π
2
= π u
24
.
a
.

57. Encontrar a área da intersecção entre r = 2a cos θ e r = 2a sen θ

716

y 4 3 π / 4 2 1 x -2 -1 1 2 3 4
y
4
3
π / 4
2
1
x
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
-1
-2

2

a

cos

θ

=

2

a sen

cos

θ

= sen

θ

 
 

θ

=

π

 
 

4

 

1

π 2
π
2

A

= 2 .

 

4

a

2

cos

2

π 4
π
4
 

=

2

a

(

π

2

) u

.

a

 

2

θ

2

θ

d

θ

58. Encontrar a área interior ao círculo r = 6 cos θ e exterior a r = 2 (1 + cos θ )

y π /3 3 2 1 x -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5 6
y
π /3
3
2
1
x
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
-1
-2
-3

717

6 cos θ = 2 + 2 cos θ 4 cos θ = 2 1
6
cos
θ
=
2
+
2 cos
θ
4
cos
θ
= 2
1
π
cos
θ
=
θ
=
2
3
π
3
1
2
A
=
2 .
36 cos
θ
d
θ
1
2
0
π 3 = ∫ 36 cos 2 θ d θ 0 π 3  1
π
3
= ∫
36 cos
2 θ
d θ
0
π
3
 1
1
=
36
θ
+
sen 2
θ
2
4
0
π
3
9
3
=
18 .
+
9 .
=
6
π
+
3
2
2
π
3
1
A
=
2.
4 1
(
+
cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
2
2
0
π
3
(
) d
= 4 1
+
2 cos
θ +
cos
2 θ
θ
0
π
3
1
= 4 
θ +
2 sen
θ +
sen 2
θ
2
0
4 π
2 π
3
= +
4
3
+
+
3
3
2
A = A − A 1 2 9 3 4 π = 6 π +
A
=
A
A
1
2
9
3
4 π
=
6 π +
+
4
2 3
= 4
π u
.
a
.
2 π 3 3 + + 3 2
2 π
3
3
+
+
3
2

59. Encontrar a área interna ao círculo r = 4 e exterior à cardióide r = 4(1 cos θ )

718

y 5 4 3 2 1 x -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
y
5
4
3
2
1
x
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

A

=

2.

1

2

π 2
π
2

0

[

16

π 2 ( = ∫ 16 − 16 + 0 = 32 − 4 π
π
2
(
=
16
16
+
0
=
32
4
π u a
.

(

16 1

cos

θ

)

2 ]

d

θ

32cos

θ

16cos

2

θ

)

d

θ

60. Encontrar a área da região do 1° quadrante delimitada pelo primeiro laço da espiral

π π r = 2θ , θ ≥ 0 e pelas retas θ = e
π
π
r = 2θ , θ ≥ 0 e pelas retas θ =
e
θ =
4
3
y
3
2
1
x
-2
-1
1
2
-1

719

π 3 1 2 A = ∫ 4 θ d θ 2 π 4 π
π
3
1
2
A
=
4
θ
d
θ
2
π
4
π
θ 3 3
= 2 .
3
π
4
3
37
π
=
u
.
a
.

2592

61. Encontrar a área da região delimitada pelo laço interno da limaçon r = 1 + 2 sen θ .

pelo laço interno da limaçon r = 1 + 2 sen θ . 3 π 2
3 π 2 1 2 A = 2 . ∫ ( 1 + 2 sen
3
π
2
1
2
A
=
2 .
(
1
+
2
sen
θ
)
d
θ
2
7
π
6
3
π
2
(
2
)
=
1
+
4
sen
θ
+
4
sen
θ
d
θ
7
π
6
3
π
2
1
1
=
θ
4 cos
θ
+
4
  θ
sen 2
θ
2
4
7
π
6
3
3
=
π
u
.
a
.

2

62. Encontrar a área da região interior ao círculo r = 10 e a direita da reta r cos θ = 6 .

720

10 cos θ = 6     cos θ = 3 ∴ θ = arc

10 cos

θ

= 6

 
 

cos

θ

=

3

θ

= arc cos

3

 
 

5

5

3

arccos

 

 

 

A

=

2.

1 5

2


 

)

2

0

(

10

3

6

cos

θ

 

2

d

θ

=

(

θ

100

36 tg

3

θ

)

arccos

0

5

100arccos

48

.

u a

.

 
 

5

63. Calcular a área da região interior às duas curvas:

a) 2r = 3 e r = 3 sen θ

u a .     5 63. Calcular a área da região interior às duas curvas:

721

3 = 3 sen θ 2 1 π sen θ = ⇒ θ = 2
3
= 3 sen
θ
2
1
π
sen
θ
=
θ
=
2
6
π
6
1
A
9
sen
2 θ
d
θ
1 =
2
0
π
6
1
1
=
. 9   1
θ
sen 2
θ
2
2
4
0
9
1
π
1
3
9
π
9
3
=
.
.
=
2
2
6
4
2
24
16
π
2
1
9
π
9
A
d
θ
=
2 =
4
2
24
π
6
3
π 9
3
A =
2
( A
+
A
)
=
u
.
a
.
1
2
2 8

b) 2r = 3 e r = 1 + cos θ

1

+

cos

θ

=

3

 

2

 

cos

θ

=

1

θ

=

 

2

π 3
π
3

722

3 π A = 2 . d θ = 1 4 π 1 A 2
3
π
A
=
2 .
d
θ =
1
4
π
1
A
2 .
∫ (
1
+
cos
θ
)
2 d
θ
2 =
2
π
3
24
π
− 27
3
=
24
14
π
− 9
3
A
=
A
+
A
=
u
.
1
2
8

a

.

723