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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups .org XML d ocuments. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. and Linux) without conversion. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. 2010 it began beta testing premium services.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. and PostScript files. OpenDocument documents. and receive d over USD $3. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. the social network for reading.  In May 2010.   Timeline In February 2010. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. and hired as president George Consagra. David O. PDFs. 2010. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . in July. On September 1. Scribd allows published documents to . Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. In August. OpenOffice. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. 2010. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 . In December 2008. In August.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. Also in April 2010.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. PowerPoint presentations.to embed source material into their stories.000 from Y Combinator. Mac OS.  In December 2009. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. 2010. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Scribd was valued at $10 million. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. Sacks.
reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. 2010. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. Ford Motor Company.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Now any document can become a Web page. HewlettPackard. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. World Eco nomic Forum. Red Cross. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. Workman Publishing Company.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. writing in the New York Times. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.0 Conference in San Francisco. and Samsung. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line. If the requirements are not met. In June 2010. On May 5. The suit was dropped in July 2010. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.[c itation needed]  Controversy .  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement." On May 11. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. " In J uly. which is the default sett ing in Flash. however. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. Simon & Schuster." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Thomas Nelson. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.000.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. the FCC.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. UNICEF. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. only a few applications use this API. The World Bank. These include Random House. Motoko Rich. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". and Manning Publications. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. Le Guin. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. 2009. there is no message. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5.
The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. .xlsx) OpenDocument formats (. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies". ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14. http://techcrunch.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/.pps. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3.ps) Microsoft Word (.txt) Rich Text Format (.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. ^ "Foursquare. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. http://www.pptx) Microsoft Excel (. Reuters. .rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. http://www. GigaOM.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.odp. .busi nessweek. ^ http://www. BusinessWeek. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups". .nytimes.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/. http://images. http://blogs. http://images. Business Week.html 6. .sxc) Plain text (. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive.ods) OpenOffice.htm. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups".docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. . . 4. 8.htm. Scribd. TechCrunch. ^ http://www.sxw. . Fast Company. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies. ^  2.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/. Retrieved 2009 -12-03. Retrieved 2010-01-01.com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21.forbes. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13.[ 45] In July. Retrieved 2010-04-15.com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download.sxi. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos". Retrieved 2010.nytimes. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1. 11.odt.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2.fastcompany. Retrieved 2010-09-01. In August 2010. Forbes.re uters. http://gigaom. 10.pdf) PostScript (. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million". ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd".html 7. 12.busin essweek.ppt. ^ http://www.techcrunch. ^ Publishers.xls. Re trieved 2009-10-07. 9. .com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies.doc.org XML formats (.html.
^ Scribd raises $9 million. http://w ww. 17. guardian. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348. CrunchBase.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 32.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/. 27.htm.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5. Retrieved 2010-01-01. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". 36.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/.com. http://www. http://www. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.uk. ^ "scribd". Retrieved 1 January 2010.publishersw eekly. 29 March 2009.com.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 21. 39. Apple Exec to AOL. Web 2.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).0 Expo. http://www.cnet.guardian. 18. New York Times. CNet. ^ Scribd Banks $3.com. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life".ws j. http://www.scribd.appappeal.com/company/scribd. Te chCrunch. 2009-03-10. http://techcrunch.crunchbase. Retrieved 2009-09-19. http://www. 26. 30. hires new president for social publishing 24. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application".html.guardian. CNET News.co. 37. scribd.5 Million from Redpoint 22.marketwire.com.com.allthingsd. Retrieved 2010-07-26.00. ^ .web2expo. Wall Street Journal. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). Retrieved 1 January 2010. 25.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10. Retrieved 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-4-21. ^ "youtube for documents". 35. 19.fortune. 29 March 2009. http://techcrunc h. 34. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. Macromedia.com 28. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".time.ht ml. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired. http://news. http://www. Retrieved 22 September 2010. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5". .scribd. http://www.nytimes. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release".html. 29 March 2009.html 41.28804.15. ^ "scribd launches readcast". 22 July 2009. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ".com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23. http://www.cn et. 38.2017050_2017049_2017046. All Things Digital. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" .co. http://www. 33. 20.com/MarkWarn er. Scribd. Retrieved 22 September 2010.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40.com/app/scr ibd/. Retrieved 2010-04-15." Accessed 2009-0 2-01.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5. ^ "scribd". http://news.cnet. ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd". The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06. ^ http://news.cnn. ^ http://www. 16. ^ "mark warner". TechCrunch. Marketwire. appappeal. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". http://kara. techcrunch. http://techcrunch.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. ^ "scribd". Time. 31.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. ^ Global Storage Settings panel.html?em.com/time/specials/packages/article/0.co. Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2010-07-19. http://tech. CNN. http://online. Yahoo Exec to Google!".
com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/.com/articles/20100719/12105310280. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped".cnet.wikipedia.shtml. 46.com.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83.techdirt. 29 March 2009.scribd.techdirt. 48. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?".com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. ht tp://bits. ^ "comcast passwords exposed". 29 March 2009. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". http://hoth ardware.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. Scribd. http://www.42. Retrieved 1 January 2010. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed". http:// techcrunch. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. 45. Retrieved 24 September 2010. TechCrunch. cnet.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. 29 March 2009.html. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010 . 44.. 43. ^ "scribd looks like a winner".shtml/. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . 47.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243.com. http://www. hothardware.blogs. ^ http://support.com.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. nytimes. http:/ /news.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. TechDirt. Retrieved 2009-09-21.nytimes. 29 March 2009.. TechDirt. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Scribd.
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