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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
and receive d over USD $3. Scribd was valued at $10 million. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. In December 2008. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . On September 1.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps .   Awards/Recognition In September 2009. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. OpenDocument documents. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. 2010.   Timeline In February 2010.000 from Y Combinator. and Linux) without conversion. and hired as president George Consagra. Also in April 2010. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. 2010. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. 2010. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. the social network for reading. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. PowerPoint presentations. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. and PostScript files. in July.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life .  In December 2009.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award.org XML d ocuments.  In May 2010. Scribd allows published documents to . Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. Sacks. In August.to embed source material into their stories. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. In August. PDFs. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 . led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Mac OS. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. David O. OpenOffice.
Berrett-Koehler Publishers. HewlettPackard. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. and Samsung. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Thomas Nelson.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. which is the default sett ing in Flash. " In J uly. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Ford Motor Company.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. World Eco nomic Forum. there is no message.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. The World Bank. only a few applications use this API. Now any document can become a Web page. UNICEF. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. 2009. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.0 Conference in San Francisco.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. 2010.[c itation needed]  Controversy . Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. and Manning Publications. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash." On May 11. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Red Cross.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Motoko Rich. These include Random House. however. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. On May 5. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.000. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. writing in the New York Times.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. If the requirements are not met. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. In June 2010. Workman Publishing Company. Le Guin. the FCC. Simon & Schuster. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.
http://techcrunch. ^ http://www.sxw. http://images.doc.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. .sxc) Plain text (. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13. Retrieved 2010-09-01.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies. ^ http://www.odp.txt) Rich Text Format (. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies. ^ http://www. BusinessWeek. ^  2. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". .pps. . ^ Publishers.forbes. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14. .nytimes. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd". In August 2010. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups".html 7.htm. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies". And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos". http://www. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. 11.html 6. Re trieved 2009-10-07. 8.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive. . http://www.re uters.htm. ^ "Foursquare. GigaOM.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2.techcrunch.ods) OpenOffice. 9.pptx) Microsoft Excel (.ps) Microsoft Word (.pdf) PostScript (.nytimes.ppt. http://blogs. Fast Company.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times.xlsx) OpenDocument formats (. Retrieved 2009 -12-03. 10. Reuters. 12. http://images. .org XML formats (. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010".com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21.busi nessweek.html.com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download. . ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million".com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5.odt.[ 45] In July. Retrieved 2010-01-01.fastcompany. TechCrunch. http://gigaom. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est.sxi. 4. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1.xls. Retrieved 2010-04-15.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. Forbes. Business Week. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. Scribd. . Retrieved 2010.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/.busin essweek. .
Retrieved 2010-0 2-10.appappeal.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube. 37. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.html?tag=mncol. Scribd. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).com.uk. http://news.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40. 21. ^ "mark warner".html?em. 29 March 2009.ht ml. New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2010. http://www. http://www. Apple Exec to AOL. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". Marketwire. guardian.co.publishersw eekly. http://online.com.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29.cn et.com/time/specials/packages/article/0. 31.com/company/scribd. appappeal. Retrieved 2010-07-19.html 41. CrunchBase. 17. Time.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search.15. .scribd.cnet. 38. Macromedia. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11).com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l. http://www. http://techcrunch. http://news.com/app/scr ibd/. Retrieved 2009-09-19. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5. CNN. ^ Scribd raises $9 million.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/. Retrieved 2010-01-01. http://www. 29 March 2009.crunchbase. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". Te chCrunch.html.htm. 19. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. http://www. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 32. 22 July 2009. ^ http://news.5 Million from Redpoint 22. Retrieved 2010-4-21.com.time.2017050_2017049_2017046. scribd. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348.guardian.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594.allthingsd.28804. 2009-03-10. 16. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ". 29 March 2009. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23. ^ "scribd launches readcast".com. TechCrunch.html. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/.ws j.com. Yahoo Exec to Google!". ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. CNet. http://www. 36. ^ http://www.guardian. CNET News. http://techcrunc h.00. http://www. http://www. 35.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5. http://www. http://techcrunch. hires new president for social publishing 24. 25.co. 20.fortune.com/MarkWarn er. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. Retrieved 2010-05-06.cnet.com 28. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. Retrieved 2009-05-11.cnn. ^ "scribd". 39. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 34.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. ^ "scribd".0 Expo. Web 2. 33. Retrieve d 2010-04-15." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. ^ . Retrieved 22 September 2010. 26. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-04-15.marketwire. 30.scribd. Retrieved 2010-07-26. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". ^ Global Storage Settings panel. The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. http://tech. 27. techcrunch.nytimes. http://w ww. ^ "scribd". ^ "youtube for documents". ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd".web2expo. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". All Things Digital. 18. Publishers Weekly. http://kara. ^ Scribd Banks $3.co.
http://hoth ardware. 44.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243. ^ "comcast passwords exposed". Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010 . Scribd. TechDirt.techdirt. cnet.techdirt. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/. hothardware. http:/ /news.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-09-21.com.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/. http://www.42.wikipedia. 45.nytimes. 19 July 2009. http:// techcrunch.shtml/. 47. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed".com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. nytimes. 43. Scribd. TechCrunch. 29 March 2009.html. Retrieved 1 January 2010..scribd.. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?". ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped".org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. Retrieved 24 September 2010.blogs. 29 March 2009. ^ http://support. ^ "scribd looks like a winner". ht tp://bits. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views .cnet. 48. TechDirt. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". 29 March 2009.com.com.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83.shtml.com/articles/20100719/12105310280.com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. 46. 29 March 2009. http://www.
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