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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
David O. 2010. and Linux) without conversion. and hired as president George Consagra. 2010. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch.000 from Y Combinator. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Prior to the $9 million dollar round. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Also in April 2010. In December 2008. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. in July.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. Scribd allows published documents to .   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12.   Timeline In February 2010. Sacks.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. the social network for reading. OpenDocument documents. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. and PostScript files. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. In August.org XML d ocuments.  In May 2010. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.  In December 2009. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. PowerPoint presentations.to embed source material into their stories. Scribd was valued at $10 million. OpenOffice. PDFs. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . 2010 it began beta testing premium services. 2010. On September 1. Mac OS. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. In August.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. and receive d over USD $3. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 .  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August.
The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. there is no message. UNICEF. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. These include Random House. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Red Cross. Motoko Rich. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. World Eco nomic Forum. Simon & Schuster. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. writing in the New York Times. Workman Publishing Company. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR. Thomas Nelson. In June 2010. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format.000. only a few applications use this API. which is the default sett ing in Flash. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". 2009. Le Guin. " In J uly. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. 2010. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Ford Motor Company. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.[c itation needed]  Controversy . Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. and Manning Publications." On May 11. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. however. The World Bank." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. On May 5. HewlettPackard. and Samsung. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. If the requirements are not met. the FCC. Now any document can become a Web page.0 Conference in San Francisco. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.
pps.nytimes. 8. Fast Company.xls. Business Week. Retrieved 2010-01-01.ppt. Scribd. .sxi. http://techcrunch. 12.html 7. http://gigaom. In August 2010. ^ "Foursquare.odp.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5. http://www. ^ http://www.com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download.odt. TechCrunch. Retrieved 2010-09-01.nytimes.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est.doc.htm. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13.html.fastcompany. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies".re uters. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million".com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos".com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/.ps) Microsoft Word (. .xlsx) OpenDocument formats (. . http://www. ^ Publishers. Retrieved 2010-04-15.pdf) PostScript (. http://blogs. 9.forbes. Re trieved 2009-10-07.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/.com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3.busi nessweek.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/.sxw. .html 6.com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2. Retrieved 2009 -12-03.ods) OpenOffice.[ 45] In July.org XML formats (. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd". Retrieved 2010-01-0 1. http://images. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (. . Forbes. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". Retrieved 2010. Reuters.htm. Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. . ^  2. . 10.txt) Rich Text Format (. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive.busin essweek. . http://images. BusinessWeek. .com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.pptx) Microsoft Excel (. ^ http://www. 4. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies. ^ http://www. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14. 11. GigaOM. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups".sxc) Plain text (.techcrunch.
^ "scribd". TechCrunch.html 41.co. 27.appappeal.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248.0 Expo.html. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5.web2expo. ^ http://www.com.5 Million from Redpoint 22.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/.html. 29 March 2009. 29 March 2009. 37. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).com. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 16. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3. 26. http://www. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd". ^ Global Storage Settings panel.html?em. CrunchBase. http://techcrunch. Retrieved 22 September 2010. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". 35. 18.ws j. ^ "scribd launches readcast". ^ Scribd Banks $3.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ". ^ Scribd raises $9 million. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23. 19. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 20.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. guardian.time.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l. 30. Retrieved 22 September 2010.crunchbase.scribd. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/company/scribd.co. All Things Digital.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. 39.2017050_2017049_2017046.marketwire. Retrieved 2010-4-21.htm.cn et. Publishers Weekly. http://techcrunch.nytimes.publishersw eekly.cnet. 22 July 2009. 38. Retrieved 2010-01-01. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".com. techcrunch. Marketwire. 17.com.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. http://kara.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5. Time. ^ http://news.guardian. hires new president for social publishing 24. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348. ^ .com/MarkWarn er. Retrieved 2010-07-19.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube.co.uk. Wall Street Journal. http://www.15. 32. ^ "scribd". http://www.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40.com 28. http://news.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. Retrieved 2010-04-15. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy". ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". Retrieved 2010-05-06. 2009-03-10. Macromedia. Web 2. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Scribd. CNET News. http://www. scribd. http://w ww. http://techcrunc h. 29 March 2009. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). http://online.fortune.allthingsd. CNN. http://tech. http://www.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search.com/app/scr ibd/. 31. Te chCrunch. ^ "scribd". http://www. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. New York Times. .com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594. The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer.com. Retrieved 2010-04-21. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired. 21. CNet. http://news. ^ "youtube for documents". "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . 25.00. Retrieved 1 January 2010. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10.cnn. http://www. Retrieved 2009-05-11. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". 36. appappeal. http://www. ^ "mark warner".28804.ht ml.com/time/specials/packages/article/0.guardian." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. Yahoo Exec to Google!".cnet.scribd.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926.html?tag=mncol. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. 34. Apple Exec to AOL. 33. http://www.
.. 46. Retrieved 2009-09-21.blogs.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243. TechCrunch. ht tp://bits. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped". 29 March 2009.com. nytimes.html. cnet. hothardware. ^ "scribd looks like a winner".techdirt. Scribd. By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?". ^ "comcast passwords exposed". 43. http://hoth ardware.scribd.42.cnet.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. http:// techcrunch.nytimes. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed". 29 March 2009. http://www. http://www.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/.com. 29 March 2009. ^ http://support.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . Retrieved 1 January 2010.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2. 45.shtml. TechDirt. 44. http:/ /news.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en. 19 July 2009.com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. 29 March 2009. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 47. TechDirt. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com.com/articles/20100719/12105310280.techdirt. Retrieved 1 January 2010 . 48.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83. Scribd. Retrieved 24 September 2010.shtml/.wikipedia.