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png Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Services Document Sharing Website www.scribd.com Alexa rank 234 Type of site Social Software Available in English Current status active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu. Contents [hide] * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 History Awards/Recognition Timeline Financials Technology Reception Criticism o 7.1 Copyright Issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 Similar services 11 References 12 External links
 History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in t raffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereaft er closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 pro fessional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Ha rcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQues t began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader
allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. Mac OS. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . In August. In December 2008. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. On September 1. news stories bega n to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the ove rturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. 20 10 to become according to TechCrunch.   Awards/Recognition In September 2009.to embed source material into their stories.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. the social network for reading. Prior to the $9 million dollar round.   Timeline In February 2010. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Yo ung Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 .  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pionee r Award.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"  which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. in July. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google. Scribd was valued at $10 million.  Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. PowerPoint presentations. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. PDFs. In August. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010.  In December 2009. Their cu rrent valuation is likely much higher. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Also in April 2010. and hired as president George Consagra.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in Februar y 2010. 2010. and Linux) without conversion. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . 2010 as its SVP of busine ss development and opened a New York office. Sacks. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Scribd also utilizes Google Adv ertisements for revenue generation. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. David O. Consagra left Scribd and bec ame CEO of Good Guide in August. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. 2010.   Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12.org XML d ocuments.000 from Y Combinator. OpenOffice. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. 2010. OpenDocument documents. and receive d over USD $3. Scribd allows published documents to .  In May 2010. TIME Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . and PostScript files.
The World Bank." On May 11.000. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. and Samsung. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Thomas Nelson. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. The suit was dropped in July 2010. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. and Manning Publications. writing in the New York Times. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank.[c itation needed]  Controversy . In June 2010. only a few applications use this API. If the requirements are not met. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Ho use on HTML5. Le Guin. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. however. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Red Cross. California gub ernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content on line.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. the FCC. which is the default sett ing in Flash. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. Now any document can become a Web page. On May 5. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Motoko Rich. 2009." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offi cer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development an d betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. Workman Publishing Company.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Simon & Schuster.   Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. " In J uly. These include Random House. 2010. World Eco nomic Forum. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR.  Criticism  Copyright Issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. HewlettPackard.0 Conference in San Francisco. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross S orkin. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "youtube for doc uments". Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. UNICEF. there is no message. Ford Motor Company.
^ http://www. Retrieved 2010. ^ http://www.ppt. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups".com/2009/12/03/zynga -facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. ^ Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011 14. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to m ake changes to its policies. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". Forbes.odp. http://techcrunch.xls. . TechCrunch.busi nessweek. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers A t Davos".ps) Microsoft Word (.sxi. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies".  Supported file formats Supported formats include: * * * * * * * * * Portable Document Format (.odt. .com/ss/10/04/0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/2.com/2008/12/31/scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-di d-the-web-document/ 5. Re trieved 2009-10-07.docx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.[ 45] In July.xlsx) OpenDocument formats (.pdf) PostScript (. 12. http://www.txt) Rich Text Format (. http://www. com/mic/2010/industry/most-innovative-media-companies.nytimes. 11.techcrunch.sxc) Plain text (. .htm.com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download.rtf)  Similar services * * * * * * Docstoc issuu WePapers Google Docs Yudu Calameo  References 1. Business Week.ods) OpenOffice.re uters.com/mediafile/2009/10/07/from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/. In August 2010. Fast Company. 2010 GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network mo vie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA requ est. Retrieved 2010-01-01.com/2008/12/19/scri bd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/. BusinessWeek. ^ "The Next Hot Start-Ups". ^ "Foursquare. GigaOM. http://images.html. http://gigaom.htm. . Scribd. . http://blogs. . Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Sc ribd Archive.busin essweek. .sxw. 10.html 6. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by New York Times. ^ http://www. ^  2.html 7. 8. 9.org XML formats (. . Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. ^ a b "scribd raises 9 million". Retrieved 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2010-04-15.nytimes.pps. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd".com/ss/09/11/1112_most_intriguing_companies/21. . Retrieved 2009 -12-03.pptx) Microsoft Excel (. http://images. 4. ^ Publishers.forbes. Reuters. Retrieved 2010-01-0 1. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd 3. ^ Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards 13.doc.fastcompany.com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.com/2010/09/01/technology-pioneers-2011foursquare-scribd-spotify/.
27. Retrieved 2010-01-01.com.com. CNN. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A Social Network For Reading ".2017050_2017049_2017046.html. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". Retrieved 2010-07-26.com/article/SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926.cn et.com/app/scr ibd/.publishersw eekly. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". hires new president for social publishing 24. Time. 17. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 16.com/company/scribd. 37. Retrieved 1 January 2010.co.cnn. 38. Retrieved 1 January 2010. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" . http://www. com/webexsf2010/public/schedule/detail/15348. 20. 22 July 2009. ^ Scribd Banks $3. ^ "scribd launches readcast". The optional setting is " Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer. Retrieved 1 January 2010. CNET News. http://www. CNet.com/MarkWarn er. Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5? Accessed 2009-05-06.marketwire.uk/techno logy/2009/jul/22/scribd-trip-adler-youtube.com/20100719/digit al-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/? mod=ATD_search.scribd. 30. Web 2. http://w ww. Yahoo Exec to Google!".com/2009/05/12/technology/internet/12digita l.com/time/specials/packages/article/0.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93. http://online. http://kara. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".html 41.00. guardian. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release".5 Million from Redpoint 22.html. Marketwire.web2expo. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". Te chCrunch.com/8301-1023_3-10357108-93.com/2007/03/06/scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/. http://news. ^ "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". ^ http://news. 36. http://news.html?em. ^ "youtube for documents".uk. 21. ^ http://www.com/doc/29110682/Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Rele ase. ^ iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web Compiler f rom Wired.com/ 2010/04/21/scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/. Retrieved 2009-05-11. http://www.com/pressrelease/Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Re ading-More-Social-1151594.0 Expo. 26. 34.com/8301-27076_3-20003081-248. 19. ^ . Retrieved 2010-07-19. 29 March 2009. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). Retrieved 2010-04-15. All Things Digital. Wall Street Journal. http://www. ^ "scribd". http://techcrunc h. 2009-03-10. 39. http://techcrunch. http://www. appappeal.nytimes. Scribd. Retrieved 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2009-09-19.htm. TechCrunch. 31. http://www. 29 March 2009.co. CrunchBase. techcrunch.com." Accessed 2009-0 2-01. Retrieved 2010-04-1 5.com 28.com.allthingsd. New York Times.time.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/43942-betting-the-hous e-on-html5.cnet. scribd. . 29 March 2009. ^ "scribd".com. Retrieved 2010-0 2-10. ^ Scribd CrunchBase Company Profile 23. ^ Scribd raises $9 million. Publishers Weekly.cnet. ^ Scribd on your iPhone 29. http://www. http://www.com/2010/09/13/scribd-redesign/.appappeal. Retrieved 2010-09-1 3.html?part=rss&su bj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5.guardian.crunchbase. http://www. Retrieve d 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-4-21. 25.ws j.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 22 September 2010.fortune.scribd. 33.15. 32. Macromedia. Apple Exec to AOL.co m/2009/03/17/major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/. Retrieved 2010-05-06.ht ml. 35. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scrib d". http://techcrunch.co.guardian.uk/technology/2009/sep/21/scribd-lawsuit 40. ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".28804. ^ "major book publishers turn to scribd". 18. ^ Global Storage Settings panel. ^ "scribd". ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. http://tech. ^ "mark warner".
techdirt.html. nytimes. cnet. Retrieved 24 September 2010. ^ http://support.com. 29 March 2009. 46. ^ "comcast passwords exposed".techdirt.0 American websites C ompanies based in San Francisco. 43. 29 March 2009. 29 March 2009. 45.cnet.com/2009/03/16/passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-expos ed/.com/2007/03/25/scribd-growing-like-youtube/. http://hoth ardware. ^ "comcast passwords leaked onto the web". TechDirt.42.org/wiki/Scribd" Categories: File sharing communities Dot-com Web 2.com. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 47. http://www.nytimes. Retrieved 1 January 2010 . By Jammie Thomas' L awyers?". http://www. Scribd.shtml. ht tp://bits.blogs.com/News/Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/. TechDirt. TechCrunch.org Impress · Powerdot · Simple Slides · Tech Talk PSE Retail Apple Keynote · Corel Presentations · Harvard Graphics · IBM Lotus Freelance Graphics · Microsoft PowerPoint Discontinued Adobe Persuasion · CA-Cricket Presents (X)HTML formats Opera Show Format · S5 Web services authorSTREAM · Docstoc · Google Docs · Prezi · Scribd · wePapers Category Retrieved from "http://en.com/articles/20100719/12105310280.shtml/. Scribd.scribd. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyri ghts Has Been Dumped". 44.com/a rticles/20090919/1907586243. Retrieved 1 January 2010.com/8301-1009_3-10197789-83. 29 March 2009. ^ "passwords of comcast customers exposed". hothardware.. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. California Companies established in 2007 Eb ook suppliers Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsour ced statements from September 2010 Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views . ^ "scribd looks like a winner"..com/forums/35566/entries/25092  External links * Official website * Video: 'YouTube' for writers [hide] v d e Presentation program Open source Beamer · KPresenter · MagicPoint · OpenOffice. http:// techcrunch. Retrieved 1 January 2010.wikipedia.com. http:/ /news. 48.
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