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How a steam jet ejector

works
A steam jet ejector is in fact based on the
principles of a water aspirator, that produces
a vacuum by means of a venturi-effect and
which is the oldest known method of vacuum
generation. In a steam jet ejector, however, the
water is replaced by steam as motive fluid.
The motive steam fluid is expanded, after
passing through a motive nozzle, where the
pressure energy is transformed into kinetic
energy. This energy stream impinges with
and withdraws gases, air and water vapour
from an application where a sub-atmospheric
pressure (vacuum) must be established or
maintained. The steam vapour accelerates into
the inlet cone of the mixing nozzle. After passing
through the throat of the mixing nozzle,
into the diffuser, the kinetic energy of the
mixed vapour stream is gradually converted
back into potential energy, i.e. the medium is
velocity of the steam/gas-stream fluctuates
over its traject through the steam jet ejector.