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Section 1 – Real Numbers

Section 1 – Real Numbers

http://www.mathtutordvd.com/products/item66.cfm

Page 1

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Page 2

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

2

− , 30, 1.25698712302....., − 0.666

3

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Part 4: Integers

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

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© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

For each of the numbers below, identify which group they belong to.

(Real, Irrational, Rational, Integer, Whole, Natural and/or Prime number)

22)

23)

24)

25)

Page 9

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Question Answer

Begin.

of a real number. This is any number that

can be located on a number line. This

excludes imaginary numbers.

plotted onto a number line even if they

are fractions or have numerous decimal

places, they can still be plotted

somewhere on a number line.

All of them are real numbers Since all of the numbers meet the

definition of a real number they are all by

definition “real numbers.”

Page 10

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of a real number. This is any number that

can be located on a number line. This

excludes imaginary numbers.

plotted onto a number line even if they

are fractions or have numerous decimal

places, they can still be plotted

somewhere on a number line.

All of them are real numbers Since all of these numbers meet the

definition of a real number they are all by

definition “real numbers.”

Page 11

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

definition of a real number. This is

any number that can be located on

a number line. This excludes

imaginary numbers.

be plotted onto a number line even

if they are fractions or have

numerous decimal places, they

can still be plotted somewhere on

a number line.

All of them are real numbers Since all of these numbers meet

the definition of a real number they

are all by definition “real numbers.”

numbers

Page 12

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number?

Begin.

of a rational number. This is any number

that can be expressed as a fraction.

fraction form that all but one can be

expressed as a fraction. If we type the

square root of two into a calculator we

notice that the result is a non repeating

decimal pattern. The rest of the numbers

can be expressed as a fraction and

therefore are rational numbers.

Ans:

Page 13

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

definition of a rational number.

This is any number that can be

expressed as a fraction.

numbers in fraction form that all

but one can be expressed as a

fraction. We notice right away

that has a non

repeating infinite pattern.

Therefore, there is no way to

express this number as a

fraction. The rest of the

numbers can be expressed as a

fraction and therefore are

rational numbers.

Ans:

Page 14

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number?

Begin.

of a rational number. This is any number

that can be expressed as a fraction.

fraction form that all but one can be

expressed as a fraction. If we type

into a calculator we notice that pi has a

non repeating decimal pattern that goes

on forever. Therefore, there is no way to

express this number as a fraction. The

rest of the numbers can be expressed as

a fraction and therefore are rational

numbers.

Ans:

Page 15

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number?

Begin.

of an irrational number. This is any

number that can’t be expressed as a

fraction.

written as a fraction.

expressed as fractions, none of these

numbers are considered irrational

irrational numbers

Page 16

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number?

Begin.

10.10, − 0.12, 18, π

definition of an irrational number. This

is any number that can’t be expressed

as a fraction.

be written as a fraction.

non repeating decimal, it cannot be

written as a fraction.

Page 17

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

2

− , 30, 1.25698712302....., − 0.666

3

definition of an irrational

number. This is any number

that can’t be expressed as a

fraction.

written as a fraction except for

the infinite non repeating

decimal. This is the only

irrational number in our list.

1.25698712302.....

Ans: 1.25698712302..... is

irrational

Page 18

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

definition of what an integer is. This

is, any number that is positive,

negative or zero, but has no decimal

point.

numbers and notice that all but one

falls under this definition.

Ans:

Page 19

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

integer?

Begin.

of what an integer is. This is, any number

that is positive, negative or zero, but has

no decimal place.

and notice that all but one falls under this

definition. The negative fraction will

provide a result with a decimal place

when we divide 15 by 16. Since the

square root of 9 is exactly 3, this is an

integer as well.

Ans:

Page 20

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

integer?

Begin.

of what an integer is. This is, any number

that is positive, negative or zero, but has

no decimal place.

and notice that all but one falls under this

definition.

Ans:

Page 21

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a whole number. A whole

number is any positive number including

zero that does not have a decimal place.

that the two negative numbers are not

whole numbers.

Ans:

Page 22

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a whole number. A whole

number is any positive number including

zero that does not have a decimal place.

does not meet our definition. Then we

see that the fraction will give us a decimal

place as well as the square root of 2.

number.

Ans:

Page 23

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a whole number. A whole

number is any positive number including

zero that does not have a decimal place.

not contain a decimal place.

our definition so it is not a whole number.

0.5 so it is not a whole number.

decimal place and therefore is not a

whole number.

640.

Ans:

Page 24

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a natural number. This is

any number that can be used to

physically count something. This

includes:

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9………..

negative numbers are not natural

numbers because I can’t physically count

something I don’t have so the negative

numbers are not natural numbers.

is zero. If I have zero of something I can’t

naturally count it so zero is not a natural

number.

criteria of what makes a natural number

none of these are natural numbers

Ans: None

Page 25

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a natural number. This is

any number that can be used to

physically count something. This

includes:

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9………..

negative numbers are not natural

numbers because I can’t physically count

something I don’t have so the negative

numbers are not natural numbers.

I can physically count something if I have

3 apples or 3 pencils so the square root

of 9 is a natural number.

is 26. I can definitely physically have 26

of something and count it so 26 is a

natural numbers.

Page 26

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of what makes a natural number. This is

any number that can be used to

physically count something. This

includes:

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9………..

negative numbers are not natural

numbers because I can’t physically count

something I don’t have so the negative

numbers are not natural numbers.

of something I can’t naturally count it so

zero is not a natural number.

physically count something like the 640

pennies in my piggy bank. Therefore the

number 640 is a natural number.

640.

Ans:

Page 27

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of a prime number. This is a whole

number other than zero and 1, which can

only be divided by 1 and itself.

we mean that those are the only numbers

that will not give you a decimal place

when you divide.

definition a whole number and it is not

zero or 1. However, 1 and 32 are not the

only numbers I can divide 32 by. I can

divide it by 2, 4, 8, and 16. So therefore it

is not a prime number.

not zero or 1. And I can only divide it by

1 and 2, so it is a prime number.

definition so it is not a prime number.

not zero or 1. However 1 and 16 are not

the only numbers I can divide 16 by. I

can divide it by 2, 4 and 8. So it is not a

prime number.

Ans:

Page 28

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of a prime number. This is a whole

number other than zero and 1, which can

only be divided by 1 and itself.

we mean that those are the only numbers

that will not give you a decimal place

when you divide.

number and it is not zero or 1. However,

1 and 10 are not the only numbers I can

divide 10 by. I can divide it by 2 and 5.

So therefore it is not a prime number.

is not zero or 1. When we try to divide 17

by something other than 1 or 17, we find

that we can’t do it without ending up with

a decimal place. Therefore 17 is a prime

number.

divided by 1 and itself therefore it is a

prime number.

is not a prime number.

Ans:

Page 29

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

Begin.

of a prime number. This is a whole

number other than zero and 1, which can

only be divided by 1 and itself.

we mean that those are the only numbers

that will not give you a decimal place

when you divide.

and 0.8, we notice they are not whole

numbers which violates our definition of a

prime number and therefore are not

considered prime numbers.

is not zero or 1. However, 1 and 15 are

not the only numbers I can divide 15 by. I

can divide it by the number 5 and still end

up with a natural number (no decimal or

zero). So it is not a prime number.

is not zero or 1. However, 1 and 22 are

not the only numbers I can divide 22 by. I

can divide it by 2, and 11. So it is not a

prime number.

of a prime number.

Ans: None.

Page 30

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

22)

Begin.

definitions and how each type of

number is related to the other types

of numbers.

at the top of the umbrella.

Everything else falls under it. Then

it breaks off into “Irrational” and

“Rational numbers.” Then under

Rational numbers are “Integers”,

“Whole numbers”, “Natural

numbers” and “Prime numbers.”

by definition it is not Rational or

anything that falls under a Rational

number.

we see if it is irrational or rational.

Since I can write it as a fraction,

then it is a rational number. Since it

is has a decimal place, it is not an

integer, a whole number, natural

number or a prime number.

Page 31

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number

23)

Begin.

definitions and how each type of

number is related to the other types

of numbers.

at the top of the umbrella.

Everything else falls under it. Then

it breaks off into “Irrational” and

“Rational numbers.” Then under

Rational numbers are “Integers”,

“Whole numbers”, “Natural

numbers” and “Prime numbers.”

by definition it is not Rational or

anything that falls under a Rational

number.

Next we see if it is Irrational or

Rational. Just by looking at it, we

see that it is Rational since we can

write it as 7 over 1. It has no

decimal place and it is positive so it

is an Integer, a Whole number and

a Natural number. We find that I

can only divide this number by 1

and itself so it is a Prime number.

Number, Integer, Whole number,

Natural number, and Prime

Page 32

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

number

24)

Begin.

definitions and how each type of

number is related to the other types

of numbers.

at the top of the umbrella.

Everything else falls under it. Then

it breaks off into “Irrational” and

“Rational numbers.” Then under

Rational numbers are “Integers”,

“Whole numbers”, “Natural

numbers” and “Prime numbers.”

by definition it is not Rational or

anything that falls under a Rational

number.

Next we see if it is Irrational or

Rational. Just by looking at it, we

see that it has decimal places that

are non repeatable and infer to go

on forever. This means we can’t

represent it as a fraction and

therefore is an Irrational number.

Since it is an Irrational number it is

not Rational and not any of the

other types of numbers.

Number

Page 33

© 2010 Math TutorDVD.com The Pre-Algebra Tutor: Vol 1

Section 1 – Real Numbers

25)

Begin.

definitions and how each type of

number is related to the other types

of numbers.

at the top of the umbrella.

Everything else falls under it. Then

it breaks off into “Irrational” and

“Rational numbers.” Then under

Rational numbers are “Integers”,

“Whole numbers”, “Natural

numbers” and “Prime numbers.”

by definition it is not Rational or

anything that falls under a Rational

number.

Next we see if it is Irrational or

Rational. Just by looking at it, we

see that it is Rational since we can

write it as -2 over 1. We also notice

that it has a negative sign but no

decimal place. This number is still

considered an Integer, but not

considered a Whole number. Since

it is not considered a whole number

it can’t be a Natural number or a

Prime number by definition.

Number, and an Integer

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